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深夜食堂【しんやしょくどう】Season 2 [‘Midnight Dinner’] Vol. 0 (Most Common Vocab)

Author (public: access, edit)

List of most common vocab words occuring throughout the entire run of ‘深夜食堂【しんやしょくどう】Season 2’ [‘Midnight Dinner’]. Check out separate volumes for list of words related to specific episodes.



437 entriesCreated by Public Domain — Last modified: 2016-11-03 13:43:00
お金 【おかね】money
お父さん 【おとうさん】father
お母さん 【おかあさん】mother
こんなsuch (about something/someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or about ideas expressed by the speaker), like this
さん① Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms ② honorific used with occupational titles
じゃ① then, well, so, well then ② combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles ③ plain copula
そう① so, really, seeming ② (after masu stem and adj-stem) appearing that, seeming that, looking like, having the appearance of
そんなsuch (about the actions of the listener, or about ideas expressed or understood by the listener), like that, that sort of
でも① but, however, still, yet, although, even though ② even, even if ③ or something
どうも① thanks ② much (thanks), very (sorry), quite (regret) ③ quite, really ④ somehow ⑤ no matter how hard one may try ⑥ greetings, hello, goodbye
どんなwhat, what kind of
はい① yes ② OK (used to get attention prior to an utterance), okay ③ giddy-up, giddap
もう① already, anymore ② soon, shortly ③ more, further, other, again ④ interjection used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation)
もしもし① hello (e.g. on phone) ② excuse me! (when calling out to someone)
もっと(some) more, even more, longer, further
一 【いち】① one ② best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective follows)
一つ 【ひとつ】① one ② for one thing (often used in itemized lists) ③ (after a noun) only ④ (with a verb in negative form) (not) even ⑤ just (i.e. "just try it")
飲む 【のむ】① to drink, to gulp, to swallow ② to smoke (tobacco) ③ to engulf, to overwhelm ④ to keep down, to suppress ⑤ to accept (e.g. demand, condition) ⑥ to make light of, to conceal
下さい 【ください】① please give me ② (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-) please do for me
下手 【へた】① unskillful, poor, awkward ② imprudent, untactful
どうぞ① please, kindly ② by all means
休み 【やすみ】① rest, recess, respite ② vacation, holiday, absence, suspension ③ dormancy (of a silkworm prior to moulting)
休む 【やすむ】① to be absent, to take a day off ② to rest, to have a break ③ to go to bed, to (lie down to) sleep, to turn in, to retire ④ to stop doing some ongoing activity for a time, to suspend business
見せる 【みせる】to show, to display
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
五 【ご】five
口 【くち】① mouth ② opening, hole, gap, orifice ③ mouth (of a bottle), spout, nozzle, mouthpiece ④ gate, door, entrance, exit ⑤ speaking, speech, talk (i.e. gossip) ⑥ taste, palate ⑦ mouth (to feed) ⑧ opening (i.e. vacancy), available position ⑨ invitation, summons ⑩ kind, sort, type ⑪ opening (i.e. beginning) ⑫ counter for mouthfuls, shares (of money), and swords
今 【いま】now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more
時 【とき】① time, hour ② occasion, moment
時間 【じかん】① time ② hours
七 【なな】seven
手 【て】① hand, arm ② handle ③ hand, worker, help ④ trouble, care, effort ⑤ means, way, trick, move, technique, workmanship ⑥ hand, handwriting ⑦ kind, type, sort ⑧ one's hands, one's possession ⑨ ability to cope ⑩ hand (of cards) ⑪ direction
週間 【しゅうかん】week, weekly
出す 【だす】① to take out, to get out ② to put out, to reveal, to show ③ to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in ④ to publish, to make public ⑤ to send (e.g. letter) ⑥ to produce (a sound), to start (fire) ⑦ to serve (food) ⑧ to begin
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
出来る 【できる】① to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task ② to be ready, to be completed ③ to be made, to be built ④ to be good at, to be permitted (to do) ⑤ to become intimate, to take up (with somebody) ⑥ to grow, to be raised
書く 【かく】to write
女 【おんな】woman
女の子 【おんなのこ】girl
少し 【すこし】① small quantity, little, few, something ② little while ③ short distance
上げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to do up (one's hair) ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to show someone (into a room) ⑥ (uk) to summon (for geishas, etc.) ⑦ to send someone (away) ⑧ to enrol (one's child in school) (enroll) ⑨ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑩ to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice) ⑪ to earn (something desirable) ⑫ to praise ⑬ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑭ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑮ to arrest ⑯ to nominate ⑰ to give ⑱ to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) ⑲ to bear (a child) ⑳ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) ○ (of the tide) to come in ○ to vomit ○ (after the -te form of a verb) to do for (the sake of someone else) ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to complete ○ used after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility
食べる 【たべる】to eat
先 【さき】① previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding ② point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle ③ head (of a line), front ④ ahead, the other side ⑤ the future, hereafter ⑥ destination ⑦ the other party
先生 【せんせい】① teacher, master, doctor ② with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific
前 【まえ】① ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour) ② in front (of), before (e.g. the house) ③ head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part ④ in the presence of ⑤ helping, portion ⑥ privates, private parts
大学 【だいがく】① post-secondary education institution, incl. university, college, etc. ② the Great Learning - one of the Four Books
男 【おとこ】man
中 【なか】① inside, in ② among, within ③ center (centre), middle ④ during, while
長い 【ながい】① long (distance) ② long (time), lengthy
電話 【でんわ】telephone
道 【みち】① road, street, way, path, course, route, lane ② distance, ways (e.g. "a long ways") ③ the way (of proper conduct, etc.), one's way, morals ④ teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma ⑤ field (of medicine, etc.), subject ⑥ way, method, means
読む 【よむ】to read
二 【に】two
入る 【はいる】① to enter ② to break into ③ to join, to enroll ④ to contain, to hold, to accommodate ⑤ to have (an income of)
買う 【かう】① to buy ② to value, to have a high opinion ③ to stir, to provoke
母 【はは】mother
本 【ほん】① book, volume ② main, head, this, our, present, real ③ counter for long cylindrical things
毎日 【まいにち】every day
木 【き】tree, wood, timber
来る 【くる】① to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive ② to come back, to do ... and come back ③ to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue ④ to come from, to be caused by, to derive from ⑤ to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
来週 【らいしゅう】next week
何 【なに】① what ② how many (some counter)
何 【なん】① what ② how many (some counter)
行く 【いく】① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
今日 【きょう】today, this day
三 【さん】three
十 【じゅう】10, ten
人 【ひと】① man, person ② human being, mankind, people ③ character, personality ④ man of talent, true man ⑤ other people ⑥ adult
店 【みせ】store, shop, establishment
六 【ろく】six
言う 【いう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
聞く 【きく】① to hear ② to listen (e.g. to music) ③ to ask, to enquire, to query
話 【はなし】① talk, speech, chat, story, conversation ② discussions, negotiation, argument
目 【め】① eye, eyeball ② eyesight ③ look ④ experience ⑤ viewpoint ⑥ ordinal number suffix ⑦ somewhat, -ish
分かる 【わかる】① to be understood, to be comprehended, to be grasped ② to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
ですpolite copula in Japanese
時 【じ】① hour, o'clock ② (specified) time, when ..., during ...
日 【にち】① Sunday ② day (of the month) ③ counter for days
年 【ねん】① year (e.g. AD) ② counter for years
いるauxillary verb for continuing action or state
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
悪い 【わるい】① bad, poor, inferior ② evil, sinful ③ unprofitable, unbeneficial ④ at fault, to blame, in the wrong ⑤ sorry
引く 【ひく】① to pull ② to draw (attention, etc.), to attract (interest, etc.) ③ to draw back ④ to draw (a card) ⑤ to draw (plan, line, etc.) ⑥ to catch (cold) ⑦ to play (string instr.) ⑧ to look up (e.g. dictionary), to consult ⑨ to haul, to pull (vehicles) ⑩ to subtract ⑪ to ebb, to fade ⑫ to descend (from), to inherit (a characteristic) ⑬ to quote, to raise (as evidence) ⑭ to lay (a cable), to draw (a cable)
映画 【えいが】movie, film
家 【いえ】① house, residence, dwelling ② family, household ③ lineage, family name
会う 【あう】① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
回 【かい】① counter for occurrences ② counter for innings (baseball)
海 【うみ】sea, beach
寒い 【さむい】① cold (e.g. weather) ② dull, uninteresting, lame
顔 【かお】face (person)
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
教える 【おしえる】to teach, to inform, to instruct
元気 【げんき】health(y), robust, vigor, vigour, energy, vitality, vim, stamina, spirit, courage, pep
ご飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
好き 【すき】liking, fondness, love
考える 【かんがえる】to consider, to think about
仕事 【しごと】① work, job, business, occupation, employment, vocation, task ② work
使う 【つかう】① to use (a thing, method, etc.), to make use of, to put to use ② to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.), to employ, to handle, to manage, to manipulate ③ to use (time, money, etc.), to spend, to consume ④ to use (language), to speak ⑤ to take (one's lunch), to circulate (bad money)
始まる 【はじまる】to begin
死ぬ 【しぬ】to die
私 【わたし】① I, me ② private affairs, personal matter, secrecy ③ selfishness
持つ 【もつ】① to hold, to carry ② to possess
自分 【じぶん】① myself, yourself, oneself, himself, herself ② I, me
所 【ところ】① place, spot, scene, site ② address ③ district, area, locality ④ one's house ⑤ point ⑥ part ⑦ space, room ⑧ whereupon, as a result ⑨ (after present form of a verb) about to, on the verge of
食堂 【しょくどう】① dining room, dining hall, cafeteria, messroom ② restaurant, eatery, snack bar, diner
新しい 【あたらしい】new
早い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
待つ 【まつ】① to wait ② to await, to look forward to, to anticipate ③ (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
大好き 【だいすき】loveable, very likeable, like very much
知る 【しる】to know, to understand, to be acquainted with, to feel
朝 【あさ】morning
度 【ど】① degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.) ② counter for occurrences and times ③ strength (of alcohol)
働く 【はたらく】① to work, to labor, to labour ② to function, to operate, to be effective, to work (i.e. ... works), to come into play ③ to commit (e.g. a crime), to perpetrate, to do, to act, to practise, to practice ④ to be conjugated
同じ 【おなじ】① same, identical, equal, uniform, equivalent, similar, common (origin), changeless, alike ② (usu. part of a 'nara' conditional) anyway, anyhow, in either case
物 【もの】① thing, object ② the natural thing, a frequently done thing ③ used to express emotional involvement ④ used in giving a reason
歩く 【あるく】to walk
方 【ほう】side, direction, way
夜 【よる】evening, night
料理 【りょうり】① cooking, cookery, cuisine ② dealing with something, handling, administration, management
明日 【あした】tomorrow
門 【もん】① gate ② branch of learning based on the teachings of a single master ③ (biological) division ④ counter for cannons
色々 【いろいろ】various
思う 【おもう】① to think, to consider, to believe ② to think (of doing), to plan (to do) ③ to judge, to assess, to regard ④ to imagine, to suppose, to dream ⑤ to expect, to look forward to ⑥ to feel, to desire, to want ⑦ to recall, to remember
終わる 【おわる】to finish, to end, to close
作る 【つくる】① to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct ② to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol) ③ to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train ④ to till ⑤ to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write ⑥ to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose ⑦ to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found ⑧ to have (a child) ⑨ to make up (one's face, etc.) ⑩ to fabricate (an excuse, etc.) ⑪ to form (a line, etc.) ⑫ to set (a record) ⑬ to commit (a sin, etc.)
屋 【や】① (something) shop ② somebody who sells (something) or works as (something) ③ somebody with a (certain) personality trait ④ house ⑤ roof
一番 【いちばん】① best, first, number one ② game, round, bout, fall, event (in a meet)
家庭 【かてい】home, family, household
向こう 【むこう】① opposite side, other side, opposite direction ② over there, that way, far away, beyond ③ the other party, the other person ④ future (starting now)
次 【つぎ】① next, following, subsequent ② stage, station
取る 【とる】① to take, to pick up, to harvest, to earn, to choose ② to steal ③ to eat, to have (a meal) ④ to remove (one's glasses, etc.)
酒 【さけ】alcohol, sake
全部 【ぜんぶ】all, entire, whole, altogether
美味しい 【おいしい】① delicious, tasty ② nice (move in sport, trick, etc., nuance of being easy or a bit lucky), sweet
返す 【かえす】① to return (something), to restore, to put back ② to pay back, to retaliate, to reciprocate
本当 【ほんとう】truth, reality
面白い 【おもしろい】interesting, amusing
本当に 【ほんとうに】really, truly
違う 【ちがう】① to differ (from), to vary ② to not be in the usual condition ③ to not match the correct (answer, etc.) ④ to be different from promised
一緒 【いっしょ】① together ② at the same time ③ same, identical
奥さん 【おくさん】wife, your wife, his wife, married lady, madam
過ぎ 【すぎ】① past, after ② too (much), over (e.g. eating)
皆 【みんな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
ほかother (esp. places and things), the rest
覚える 【おぼえる】① to remember, to recollect, to memorize, to memorise ② to feel
結構 【けっこう】① splendid, nice, wonderful, delicious, sweet ② sufficient, fine (in the sense of "I'm fine"), (by implication) no thank you ③ well enough, OK, tolerable ④ reasonably, fairly, tolerably
結婚 【けっこん】marriage
個 【こ】① counter for articles ② counter for military units ③ individual
今晩は 【こんばんは】good evening
子供 【こども】child, children
若い 【わかい】young
初めて 【はじめて】① for the first time ② only after ... is it ..., only when ... do you ...
寝る 【ねる】① to lie down ② to go to bed, to lie in bed ③ to sleep (lying down) ④ to sleep (with someone, i.e. have intercourse) ⑤ to lie idle
置く 【おく】① to put, to place ② to leave (behind) ③ to do something in advance (usu. following te-form verb)
遅い 【おそい】① slow ② late (e.g. "late at night") ③ too late
痛い 【いたい】① painful, sore ② exceeding
彼 【かれ】① he, him ② boyfriend
彼女 【かのじょ】① she, her ② girl friend, girlfriend, sweetheart
忘れる 【わすれる】to forget, to leave carelessly, to be forgetful of, to forget about, to forget (an article)
欲しい 【ほしい】① wanted, wished for, in need of, desired ② (after the -te form of a verb) I want (you) to
頼む 【たのむ】① to request, to beg, to ask ② to call, to order, to reserve ③ to entrust to ④ to rely on
可愛い 【かわいい】① cute, adorable, charming, lovely, pretty ② dear, precious, darling, pet ③ cute little, tiny
居る 【いる】① to be (of animate objects), to exist ② to stay ③ (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing)
ころ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
ごろ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
ありがとうThank you
良く 【よく】① nicely, properly, well, skillfully ② frequently, often
達 【たち】pluralizing suffix (esp. for people & animals; formerly honorific)
大丈夫 【だいじょうぶ】safe, all right, OK, okay
誰 【だれ】who
僕 【ぼく】① I, me ② you (used addressing young children) ③ manservant
良い 【よい】① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
あのthat (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
あれ① that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly) ② that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors) ③ hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh? ④ that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
こっち① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
その① that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the ② um..., er..., uh...
それ① that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it ② that time, then
それからand then, after that
どうhow, in what way, how about
やる① to do ② to have sexual intercourse ③ to kill ④ to give (to inferiors, animals, etc.) ⑤ to do for (inferiors) ⑥ to send (e.g. somebody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g. letter) (despatch) ⑦ to move (something to), to row (a boat) ⑧ (used in place of other verb) to have (eat, drink, smoke), to study, to run or operate (a restaurant)
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
ちょっと① just a minute, short time, just a little ② somewhat, easily, readily, rather ③ (before a verb in negative form) (will not) easily ④ hey!
いつも① always, usually, every time ② never (with neg. verb)
くれるto give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
ここ① here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place ② these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker) ③ these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
ことthing, matter, fact, circumstances, business, reason, experience
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
どうしてwhy?, for what reason, how, in what way, for what purpose, what for
またagain, and, also, still (doing something)
まだ① as yet, hitherto, still ② not yet (with negative verb)
どこ① where, what place ② how much (long, far), what extent
このthis (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
よう① (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) appearing ..., looking ... ② (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) way to ..., method of ...ing ③ (usu. after a noun) form, style, design ④ (usu. after a noun) like, similar to ⑤ thing (thought or spoken)
つけるto turn on, to switch on, to light up
そこ① there (place relatively near listener) ② there (place just mentioned), that place ③ then (of some incident just spoken of), that (of point just raised)
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
あんなsuch (about something or someone distant from both speaker and listener, or about a situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener), so, that, sort of
いらっしゃる① to come, to go, to be (somewhere) ② (after a -te form, or the particle "de") is (doing), are (doing)
うん① yeah, uh huh ② some (at the start of a number in place of a digit)
だからso, therefore
ちゃんsuffix for familiar person
やっとat last, at length
上がる 【あがる】① to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised ② to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in ③ to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade ④ to get out (of water), to come ashore ⑤ to increase ⑥ to improve, to make progress ⑦ to be promoted, to advance ⑧ to be made (of profit, etc.) ⑨ to occur (esp. of a favourable result) ⑩ to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.) ⑪ to be finished, to be done, to be over ⑫ (of rain) to stop, to lift ⑬ to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die ⑭ to win (in a card game, etc.) ⑮ to be arrested ⑯ to turn up (of evidence, etc.) ⑰ to be deep fried ⑱ to be spoken loudly ⑲ to get stage fright ⑳ to be offered (to the gods, etc.) ○ to go, to visit ○ to eat, to drink ○ to be listed (as a candidate) ○ to serve (in one's master's home) ○ (in Kyoto) to go north ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) indicates completion
なさいdo (imperative form often used after ~masu base of verbs)
家 【うち】① house, home (one's own) ② (one's) family, (one's) household
気 【き】① spirit, mind, heart ② nature, disposition ③ motivation, intention ④ mood, feelings ⑤ atmosphere, essence
急 【きゅう】① urgent, sudden, abrupt ② sharp, steep, precipitous ③ rapid, swift, fast ④ emergency, crisis ⑤ hurrying, haste ⑥ (in gagaku or noh) end of a song
急ぐ 【いそぐ】to hurry, to rush, to hasten, to make something happen sooner
合う 【あう】① to come together, to merge, to unite, to meet ② to fit, to match, to suit, to agree with, to be correct ③ to be profitable, to be equitable ④ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to do ... to each other, to do ... together
今度 【こんど】now, this time, next time, another time
始める 【はじめる】① to start, to begin, to commence, to initiate, to originate ② to open (e.g. a store), to start up, to establish (business. etc.) ③ to start (doing something), to begin to ...
子 【こ】① child ② young (animal) ③ young woman, young geisha ④ offshoot ⑤ interest ⑥ new shares ⑦ (after a noun or -masu stem) -er (often of young women)
思い出す 【おもいだす】to recall, to remember
上手い 【うまい】① skillful, clever, expert, wise, successful ② delicious, appetizing, appetising ③ fortunate, splendid, promising
生きる 【いきる】to live, to exist
送る 【おくる】① to send (a thing), to dispatch, to despatch ② to take or escort (a person somewhere), to see off (a person) ③ to bid farewell (to the departed), to bury ④ to spend (time), to live one's life ⑤ to pass (down the line) ⑥ to affix okurigana
大体 【だいたい】general, substantially, outline, main point, approximately, about
日 【ひ】① day, days ② sun, sunshine, sunlight ③ case (esp. unfortunate), event
入院 【にゅういん】hospitalization, hospitalisation
味 【あじ】① flavor, flavour, taste ② charm, style ③ experience ④ smart, clever, witty, strange
代わり 【かわり】① substitute, deputy, proxy, alternate, relief, compensation, second helping ② in place of, as a substitute for
気持ち 【きもち】feeling, sensation, mood
客 【きゃく】① guest, visitor ② customer, client, shopper, spectator, audience, tourist, sightseer, passenger
君 【くん】Mr (junior), master, boy
お礼 【おれい】thanking, expression of gratitude
残る 【のこる】to remain, to be left
受ける 【うける】① to receive, to accept, to get, to inherit ② to catch (e.g. a ball), to parry (e.g. a blow), to take (lesson, test, damage), to sustain (damage), to incur (loss) ③ to become popular, to be well-received, to go down well
焼く 【やく】① to bake, to grill ② to develop (photos) ③ to suntan ④ to burn (in flames, down, CD, DVD, etc.), to scorch ⑤ to be jealous, to be envious
場所 【ばしょ】① place, location, spot, position ② room, space ③ basho (sumo wrestling tournament)
昔 【むかし】olden days, former
全然 【ぜんぜん】① not at all (with neg. verb) ② wholly, entirely, completely
点 【てん】① spot, mark ② point, dot ③ mark (e.g. in exam), score, points ④ counter for goods or items
無理 【むり】unreasonable, impossible, overdoing
様 【さま】① Mr, Mrs or Ms ② used (gen. in fixed expressions) to make words more polite ③ manner, kind, appearance
決まる 【きまる】① to be decided, to be settled ② to look good in (clothes)
確か 【たしか】① certain, sure, definite ② if I'm not mistaken, if I remember correctly
一杯 【いっぱい】① amount necessary to fill a container (e.g. a cupful, spoonful, etc.), a drink (i.e. an alcoholic beverage) ② full ③ one squid, octopus, crab, etc., one boat ④ fully, to capacity ⑤ a lot, much ⑥ all of ..., the entire ...
慣れる 【なれる】① to grow accustomed to, to get too familiar with ② to become domesticated, to become tame
喜ぶ 【よろこぶ】① to be delighted, to be glad, to be pleased ② to congratulate ③ to gratefully accept
久しぶり 【ひさしぶり】a long time (since the last time), it's been a while (since I last saw, mailed, etc., you)
隅 【すみ】corner, nook, recess
最近 【さいきん】latest, most recent, nowadays
最後 【さいご】① last, end, conclusion ② (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga") no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences)
最初 【さいしょ】beginning, outset, first, onset
済む 【すむ】① to finish, to end, to be completed ② to merely result in something less severe than expected ③ to feel at ease ④ (neg) to feel unease or guilt for troubling someone, to be sorry
失礼 【しつれい】① discourtesy, impoliteness ② Excuse me, Goodbye ③ to leave ④ to be rude
捨てる 【すてる】to throw away, to cast aside, to abandon, to resign, to break up with (someone)
珍しい 【めずらしい】① unusual, rare, curious ② new, novel ③ fine (e.g. gift)
怒る 【おこる】① to get angry, to get mad ② to tell someone off, to scold ③ to be angular, to be square
逃げる 【にげる】to escape, to run away
払う 【はらう】① to pay ② to brush, to wipe
変わる 【かわる】to change, to be transformed, to vary, to be revised, to be different, to move location
夢 【ゆめ】dream
娘 【むすめ】① (my) daughter ② girl (i.e. a young, unmarried woman)
戻る 【もどる】to turn back, to return, to go back, to recover, to rebound
約束 【やくそく】① arrangement, promise, appointment, pact, engagement ② convention, rule
連れる 【つれる】to lead, to take (a person)
連絡 【れんらく】① to contact, to get in touch ② contacting, getting in touch, communication, call, message ③ connection, coordination, junction ④ intercalary, intercalaris, internuncial
周り 【まわり】① circumference, perimeter, edge ② surroundings, locality, neighborhood ③ rotation, circulation
お祝い 【おいわい】congratulation, congratulations, celebration, festival, congratulatory gift
背 【せ】① back, spine ② reverse, rear side ③ height ④ ridge (of a mountain)
為 【ため】① good, advantage, benefit, welfare ② sake, purpose, objective, aim ③ consequence, result, effect ④ affecting, regarding, concerning
謝る 【あやまる】to apologize, to apologise
邪魔 【じゃま】hindrance, intrusion
駄目 【だめ】useless, no good, hopeless
ご馳走 【ごちそう】① feast, treating (someone) ② to treat (someone, e.g. to a meal)
こう① in this way (used for something or someone close to the speaker, including the speaker himself, or for the opinions of the speaker), thus, such ② uh... (interjection used as a verbal pause)
これからafter this
それでand, thereupon, because of that
やっぱりalso, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
しまうto finish, to close, to do something completely, to put away, to put an end to
すごい① terrible, dreadful ② amazing (e.g. of strength), great (e.g. of skills), wonderful, terrific ③ to a great extent, vast (in numbers)
つもり① intention, plan ② conviction, belief
とうとうfinally, at last, reaching a head
もらう① to receive, to take, to accept ② to get somebody to do something (follows a verb in "te" form)
わけconclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard, reason, cause, meaning, circumstances, situation
まま① as it is, as one likes, because, as ② condition, state
しっかりfirmly, tightly, reliable, level-headed, steady
もうすぐvery soon
いらっしゃい① (used as a polite imperative) come, go, stay ② welcome!
お前 【おまえ】① you (masc) (formerly honorific, now sometimes derog. term referring to an equal or inferior) ② presence (of a god, nobleman, etc.)
ずっと① continuously in some state (for a long time, distance), throughout, all along, the whole time, all the way ② much (better, etc.), by far, far and away ③ far away, long ago ④ direct, straight
なんかthings like ..., or something like that ... (often derogatory)
ぴったりexactly, neatly, sharp
まあyou might say, Oh!, Wow!, Well!
何とか 【なんとか】① something, something or other, so-and-so ② somehow, anyhow, one way or another
金 【きん】① gold, golden (color), metaphor for (most) valuable, gold (medal, cup) ② money (written before an amount) ③ Friday ④ metal (fourth of the five elements) ⑤ Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE) ⑥ gold general (shogi) ⑦ karat, carat
人間 【にんげん】① human being, man, person ② character (of a person)
人生 【じんせい】(human) life (i.e. conception to death)
食う 【くう】① to eat ② to live, to make a living, to survive ③ to bite, to sting (as insects do) ④ to tease, to torment, to taunt, to make light of, to make fun of ⑤ to encroach on, to eat into, to consume ⑥ to defeat a superior, to threaten a position ⑦ to consume time and-or resources ⑧ to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
何で 【なんで】① why?, what for? ② how?, by what means?
中 【ちゅう】① medium, average, middle ② moderation ③ middle school ④ China ⑤ in, out of (e.g. three out of ten people) ⑥ during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while
そんなにso much, so, like that
みたい-like, sort of, similar to, resembling
大 【だい】① the large part of ② big, large, great ③ approximate size, no larger than ④ -university ⑤ large (e.g. serving size), loud (e.g. volume setting)
後 【ご】after
世の中 【よのなか】society, the world, the times
注文 【ちゅうもん】order, request
売れる 【うれる】① to sell (well) ② to be well known, to be popular, to be famous
営業 【えいぎょう】business, trade, sales, operations
才能 【さいのう】talent, ability
取れる 【とれる】① to come off, to be removed ② (of pain, a fever, etc.) to disappear ③ to be caught, to be harvested ④ to be interpreted (as), to be taken as ⑤ (of balance, etc.) to be attained ⑥ to be obtainable
守る 【まもる】① to protect, to guard, to defend ② to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow
相手 【あいて】① companion, partner, company ② other party, addressee ③ opponent (sports, etc.)
的 【てき】-like, typical
馬 【うま】① horse ② promoted bishop (shogi)
辺り 【あたり】① on the bank of, by the side of (e.g. a river, pond) ② (in the) neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity, nearby
流行る 【はやる】① to be popular, to come into fashion ② to be prevalent, to spread widely (e.g. disease), to be endemic ③ to flourish, to thrive
幸せ 【しあわせ】happiness, good fortune, luck, blessing
残す 【のこす】to leave (behind, over), to bequeath, to save, to reserve
他 【た】other (esp. people and abstract matters)
加減 【かげん】① addition and subtraction ② allowance for ③ degree, extent, measure ④ condition, state of health ⑤ seasoning, flavor, flavour, moderation, adjustment ⑥ influence (of the weather) ⑦ chance
間違い 【まちがい】mistake
許す 【ゆるす】① to permit, to allow, to approve ② to exempt (from fine), to excuse (from), to pardon, to forgive, to release, to let off ③ to confide in ④ to give up, to yield
経つ 【たつ】to pass, to lapse
好み 【このみ】liking, taste, choice
最高 【さいこう】highest, supreme, the most
済みません 【すみません】sorry, excuse me, thank you
殺す 【ころす】to kill
絶対 【ぜったい】① absolutely, unconditionally ② absolute, unconditional, unmistakable ③ absoluteness
相変わらず 【あいかわらず】as ever, as usual, the same
仲 【なか】relation, relationship
任せる 【まかせる】① to entrust (e.g. a task) to another, to leave to ② to passively leave to someone else's facilities ③ to leave to take its natural course ④ to continue (something) in a natural fashion (without particular aim) ⑤ to rely fully on one's (full strength, great ability, long time taken) to get something done
不思議 【ふしぎ】wonder, miracle, strange, mystery, marvel, curiosity
方針 【ほうしん】objective, plan, policy
余計 【よけい】too much, unnecessary, extraneous, abundance, surplus, excess, superfluity
付き合う 【つきあう】① to associate with, to keep company with, to go out with, to go steady with, to get on with ② to go along with, to follow someone's lead, to accompany someone, to compromise
必死 【ひっし】① frantic, desperate ② inevitable death ③ brinkmate (inevitable checkmate) (shogi)
懐かしい 【なつかしい】dear, desired, missed
旗 【はた】① flag ② pataka (banner)
結局 【けっきょく】after all, eventually, in the end
飼う 【かう】to keep, to raise, to feed
種 【しゅ】① kind, variety ② (biological) species ③ (logical) species
女房 【にょうぼう】① wife ② court lady, female court attache, woman who served at the imperial palace
揚げる 【あげる】① to deep-fry ② to raise, to elevate ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑥ to earn (something desirable) ⑦ (of the tide) to come in
冗談 【じょうだん】jest, joke
申し訳 【もうしわけ】apology, excuse
やつ① (derog) fellow, guy, chap ② thing, object ③ (derogatory or familiar) he, she, him, her
迷惑 【めいわく】trouble, bother, annoyance
黙る 【だまる】to be silent
俺 【おれ】(masc) I, me (rough or arrogant-sounding first-person pronoun, formerly also used by women)
馬鹿 【ばか】① fool, idiot, trivial matter, folly, absurdity ② foolish, stupid, dull, absurd, ridiculous
よろしく① well, properly, suitably ② best regards, please remember me, please treat me favorably (favourably), please take care of
つながるto be tied together, to be connected to, to be related to
ごちそうさま① word used after one has been treated (esp. used after a meal) ② used after hearing something lovey-dovey
おめでとうcongratulations!, an auspicious occasion!
私 【あたし】I, me
まさかby no means, never!, well, I never!, you don't say!
それでもbut (still), and yet, nevertheless, even so, notwithstanding
すぐ① immediately, at once, directly ② soon, before long, shortly ③ easily, without difficulty ④ right (near), nearby, just (handy)
ただ① ordinary, common, usual ② free of charge ③ unaffected, as is, safe ④ only, merely, just, simply ⑤ but, however, nevertheless
いやno, nay, well
せっかくwith trouble, at great pains, long-awaited
匂い 【におい】① odour, odor, scent, smell, stench ② aura, whiff, smacks of ..., sense, flavour, flavor
せいcause, reason, fault
人々 【ひとびと】each person, people, men, human, everybody
がる① to feel (on adj-stem to represent a third party's apparent emotion) ② to behave as if one were
とくto do something in readiness for, to get something (needful) done
飯 【めし】① meals, food ② cooked rice ③ one's livelihood
お帰り 【おかえり】① return ② welcome home
深夜 【しんや】late at night
照る 【てる】to shine
余り 【あんまり】① remainder, rest, balance, remains, scraps, residue, remnant ② not very (with negative sentence), not much ③ surplus, excess, fullness, too much ④ overjoyed, overwhelmed ⑤ more than, over
ご免なさい 【ごめんなさい】I beg your pardon, excuse me
煮る 【にる】to boil, to cook
瞳 【ひとみ】① pupil (of eye) ② eye
ごめんyour pardon, declining (something), dismissal, permission
頂戴 【ちょうだい】① receiving, reception, getting, being given ② eating, drinking, having ③ (also used after -te forms) please, please do for me
さすが① as one would expect ② still, all the same ③ even... (e.g. "even a genius...")
丼 【どんぶり】① porcelain bowl ② bowl of rice with food on top
床 【とこ】① bed, bedding ② sickbed ③ alcove ④ riverbed ⑤ seedbed ⑥ straw "core" of a tatami mat ⑦ floor
慣れ 【なれ】practice, practise, experience
実家 【じっか】(one's parents') home
勝手 【かって】① one's own convenience, one's way ② convenience or ease of use, knowledge of how to use ③ circumstances, situation (e.g. financial), environment ④ kitchen ⑤ arbitrary
焦る 【あせる】to be in a hurry, to be impatient
親父 【おやじ】one's father, old man, one's boss
粋 【すい】① chic, stylish, refined, sophisticated, smart ② understanding, sympathetic ③ the best
総会 【そうかい】general meeting
行ける 【いける】to look (taste, etc.) good
著 【ちょ】① work, book ② (a book) by ③ obvious, striking
ちょうsuper-, ultra-, hyper-, very, really (conversational)
頂 【いただき】crown (of head), summit (of mountain), spire
とりあえずat once, first of all, for the time being, for now
わざわざexpressly, specially, doing something especially rather than incidentally
お休みなさい 【おやすみなさい】good night
その後 【そのご】after that, afterwards, thereafter
ときregular (stops at every station) Jouetsu-line Shinkansen
ほらlook!, look out!, look at me!
バイト① work (esp. part time or casual) ② byte, octet ③ bite ④ cutting tool, bit
マスター① to master, to learn ② proprietor, manager, bar-owner ③ master (e.g. arts, science)
後 【のち】① later, afterwards, since ② future ③ after one's death
出来 【でき】① workmanship, craftsmanship, execution, finish ② grades, results, score, record ③ quality (e.g. of a crop) ④ dealings, transactions
人前 【にんまえ】portion of food
ジルgill, zel, zill
ちゃうto do something completely
じゃうto do something completely
かいmarks yes-no question
ああlike that (used for something or someone distant from both speaker and listener), so
だい① marks wh-question (what, where, who) ② strengthens one's judgment or conclusion
ちまうto do something completely;
れる① auxiliary verb indicating passive voice (inc. the "suffering passive") ② auxiliary verb indicating the potential form ③ auxiliary verb indicating spontaneous occurrence ④ auxiliary verb used as an honorific for others' actions
ほくろdark mole, facial mole, beauty spot
そう言う 【そういう】such, like that, that sort of, very
茶 【ちゃ】① tea ② tea plant (Camellia sinensis) ③ tea preparation, making tea ④ brown
東京 【とうきょう】Tokyo (current capital of Japan)
店 【てん】-store, -shop
飲める 【のめる】① to be able to drink ② to be worth drinking
お待ち 【おまち】waiting, waiting time
家路 【いえじ】the road home
みる① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ to try ⑥ to see that..., to find that...
反 【たん】① variable measure of fabric (28.8 cm in width), for kimonos: at least 10 m in length, for haori: at least 7.27 m in length, for other clothes: at least 6.06 m in length ② 300 tsubo (991.74 meters square, 0.24506 acres) ③ six ken (10.91 m)
お袋 【おふくろ】one's mother;
寄り道 【よりみち】dropping in on the way, breaking one's journey, making a stopover, going out of one's way
競る 【せる】to compete, to bid, to sell at auction
杯 【はい】① sake cup, cup for alcoholic beverages ② counter for cupfuls ③ counter for ships, octopuses and squid
お願い 【おねがい】① request, wish ② please
旨く 【うまく】① skilfully, skillfully, well, aptly, cleverly ② successfully, smoothly ③ deliciously
彼氏 【かれし】boyfriend
あいつhe, she, that guy
とるto take, to catch (fish), to capture
揚げ 【あげ】fried bean curd
いく① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
竜 【りゅう】① dragon (esp. a Chinese dragon) ② naga (semidivine human-cobra chimera in Indian mythology) ③ promoted rook (shogi)
あんたyou (familiar form of anata)
惚れる 【ほれる】to fall in love, to be in love, to be charmed with, to lose one's heart to
韲える 【あえる】to dress vegetables (salad)
これだけso many (few), so much (little)
ない① not (verb-negating suffix; may indicate question or invitation with rising intonation) ② emphatic suffix (used after the root of an adjective)
られる① auxiliary verb indicating passive voice (inc. the "suffering passive") ② auxiliary verb indicating the potential form ③ auxiliary verb indicating spontaneous occurrence ④ auxiliary verb used as an honorific for others' actions