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サムライ・ハイスクール (‘Samurai High School’) Vol. 0 (Most Common Vocab)

Author (public: access, edit)

List of most common vocab words occuring throughout the entire run of ‘サムライ・ハイスクール’ (‘Samurai High School’). Check out separate volumes for list of words related to specific episodes.



839 entriesCreated by Public Domain — Last modified: 2016-11-03 13:55:26
ええ① yes, that is correct, right ② um, errr ③ huh? ④ grrr, gah, Must I? ⑤ good
お金 【おかね】money
お父さん 【おとうさん】father
お母さん 【おかあさん】mother
こんなsuch (about something/someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or about ideas expressed by the speaker), like this
さん① Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms ② honorific used with occupational titles
じゃあ① then, well, so, well then ② combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles ③ plain copula
じゃ① then, well, so, well then ② combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles ③ plain copula
そう① so, really, seeming ② (after masu stem and adj-stem) appearing that, seeming that, looking like, having the appearance of
そんなsuch (about the actions of the listener, or about ideas expressed or understood by the listener), like that, that sort of
でも① but, however, still, yet, although, even though ② even, even if ③ or something
どうも① thanks ② much (thanks), very (sorry), quite (regret) ③ quite, really ④ somehow ⑤ no matter how hard one may try ⑥ greetings, hello, goodbye
どんなwhat, what kind of
はい① yes ② OK (used to get attention prior to an utterance), okay ③ giddy-up, giddap
もう① already, anymore ② soon, shortly ③ more, further, other, again ④ interjection used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation)
もしもし① hello (e.g. on phone) ② excuse me! (when calling out to someone)
もっと(some) more, even more, longer, further
テレビtelevision, TV
安い 【やすい】① cheap, inexpensive ② calm, peaceful, quiet
一 【いち】① one ② best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective follows)
一つ 【ひとつ】① one ② for one thing (often used in itemized lists) ③ (after a noun) only ④ (with a verb in negative form) (not) even ⑤ just (i.e. "just try it")
飲む 【のむ】① to drink, to gulp, to swallow ② to smoke (tobacco) ③ to engulf, to overwhelm ④ to keep down, to suppress ⑤ to accept (e.g. demand, condition) ⑥ to make light of, to conceal
円 【えん】① Yen, money ② circle
下 【した】① below, down, under ② bottom ③ beneath, underneath ④ just after, right after ⑤ inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), younger (e.g. of siblings) ⑥ trade-in ⑦ preliminary, preparatory
下さい 【ください】① please give me ② (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-) please do for me
どうぞ① please, kindly ② by all means
会社 【かいしゃ】① company, corporation ② workplace
学校 【がっこう】school
休み 【やすみ】① rest, recess, respite ② vacation, holiday, absence, suspension ③ dormancy (of a silkworm prior to moulting)
休む 【やすむ】① to be absent, to take a day off ② to rest, to have a break ③ to go to bed, to (lie down to) sleep, to turn in, to retire ④ to stop doing some ongoing activity for a time, to suspend business
見せる 【みせる】to show, to display
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
後 【あと】① behind, rear ② after, later ③ after one's death ④ remainder, the rest ⑤ descendant, successor, heir ⑥ more (i.e. five more minutes)
高い 【たかい】① high, tall ② expensive
今 【いま】now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more
時 【とき】① time, hour ② occasion, moment
時間 【じかん】① time ② hours
手 【て】① hand, arm ② handle ③ hand, worker, help ④ trouble, care, effort ⑤ means, way, trick, move, technique, workmanship ⑥ hand, handwriting ⑦ kind, type, sort ⑧ one's hands, one's possession ⑨ ability to cope ⑩ hand (of cards) ⑪ direction
出す 【だす】① to take out, to get out ② to put out, to reveal, to show ③ to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in ④ to publish, to make public ⑤ to send (e.g. letter) ⑥ to produce (a sound), to start (fire) ⑦ to serve (food) ⑧ to begin
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
出来る 【できる】① to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task ② to be ready, to be completed ③ to be made, to be built ④ to be good at, to be permitted (to do) ⑤ to become intimate, to take up (with somebody) ⑥ to grow, to be raised
書く 【かく】to write
女 【おんな】woman
女の子 【おんなのこ】girl
少し 【すこし】① small quantity, little, few, something ② little while ③ short distance
上 【うえ】① above, up, over ② top, summit ③ surface, on ④ before, previous ⑤ superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder) ⑥ on top of that, besides, what's more ⑦ upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after) ⑧ matters concerning..., as concerns ... ⑨ since (i.e. "for that reason") ⑩ suffix indicating higher social standing
上げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to do up (one's hair) ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to show someone (into a room) ⑥ (uk) to summon (for geishas, etc.) ⑦ to send someone (away) ⑧ to enrol (one's child in school) (enroll) ⑨ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑩ to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice) ⑪ to earn (something desirable) ⑫ to praise ⑬ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑭ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑮ to arrest ⑯ to nominate ⑰ to give ⑱ to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) ⑲ to bear (a child) ⑳ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) ○ (of the tide) to come in ○ to vomit ○ (after the -te form of a verb) to do for (the sake of someone else) ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to complete ○ used after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility
食べる 【たべる】to eat
人 【じん】① -ian (e.g. Italian, etc.) (attaches to name of country to denote nationality), -er (e.g. performer, etc.) (attaches to name of occupation) ② (usu. in compound words) man, person, people
水 【みず】water (cold, fresh)
生まれる 【うまれる】to be born
先 【さき】① previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding ② point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle ③ head (of a line), front ④ ahead, the other side ⑤ the future, hereafter ⑥ destination ⑦ the other party
先生 【せんせい】① teacher, master, doctor ② with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific
千 【せん】1,000, thousand
前 【まえ】① ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour) ② in front (of), before (e.g. the house) ③ head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part ④ in the presence of ⑤ helping, portion ⑥ privates, private parts
大学 【だいがく】① post-secondary education institution, incl. university, college, etc. ② the Great Learning - one of the Four Books
大人 【おとな】adult
男 【おとこ】man
中 【なか】① inside, in ② among, within ③ center (centre), middle ④ during, while
電話 【でんわ】telephone
道 【みち】① road, street, way, path, course, route, lane ② distance, ways (e.g. "a long ways") ③ the way (of proper conduct, etc.), one's way, morals ④ teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma ⑤ field (of medicine, etc.), subject ⑥ way, method, means
読む 【よむ】to read
二 【に】two
入る 【はいる】① to enter ② to break into ③ to join, to enroll ④ to contain, to hold, to accommodate ⑤ to have (an income of)
入れる 【いれる】① to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.) ② to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire ③ to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to ④ to include ⑤ to pay (one's rent, etc.) ⑥ to cast (a vote) ⑦ to make (tea, coffee, etc.) ⑧ to turn on (a switch, etc.) ⑨ to send (a fax), to call
年 【とし】① year ② age
買う 【かう】① to buy ② to value, to have a high opinion ③ to stir, to provoke
分 【ふん】minute
母 【はは】mother
本 【ほん】① book, volume ② main, head, this, our, present, real ③ counter for long cylindrical things
名前 【なまえ】① name, full name ② given name, first name
木 【き】tree, wood, timber
来る 【くる】① to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive ② to come back, to do ... and come back ③ to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue ④ to come from, to be caused by, to derive from ⑤ to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
話す 【はなす】to speak
何 【なに】① what ② how many (some counter)
何 【なん】① what ② how many (some counter)
行く 【いく】① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
今日 【きょう】today, this day
人 【ひと】① man, person ② human being, mankind, people ③ character, personality ④ man of talent, true man ⑤ other people ⑥ adult
万 【まん】① 10,000, ten thousand ② myriads ③ everything, all
言う 【いう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
聞く 【きく】① to hear ② to listen (e.g. to music) ③ to ask, to enquire, to query
立つ 【たつ】① to stand, to rise, to stand up ② to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position) ③ to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
時々 【ときどき】sometimes, at times
話 【はなし】① talk, speech, chat, story, conversation ② discussions, negotiation, argument
目 【め】① eye, eyeball ② eyesight ③ look ④ experience ⑤ viewpoint ⑥ ordinal number suffix ⑦ somewhat, -ish
分かる 【わかる】① to be understood, to be comprehended, to be grasped ② to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
母さん 【かあさん】mother
ですpolite copula in Japanese
時 【じ】① hour, o'clock ② (specified) time, when ..., during ...
日 【にち】① Sunday ② day (of the month) ③ counter for days
年 【ねん】① year (e.g. AD) ② counter for years
いるauxillary verb for continuing action or state
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
悪い 【わるい】① bad, poor, inferior ② evil, sinful ③ unprofitable, unbeneficial ④ at fault, to blame, in the wrong ⑤ sorry
意味 【いみ】meaning, significance
夏 【なつ】summer
家 【いえ】① house, residence, dwelling ② family, household ③ lineage, family name
家族 【かぞく】family, members of a family
会う 【あう】① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
回 【かい】① counter for occurrences ② counter for innings (baseball)
開ける 【あける】① to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package) ② to open (for business, etc.)
楽しい 【たのしい】enjoyable, fun
顔 【かお】face (person)
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
起きる 【おきる】① to get up, to rise ② to wake up ③ to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents), to happen, to take place
強い 【つよい】① strong, powerful, mighty, potent ② resistant, resilient, durable
教える 【おしえる】to teach, to inform, to instruct
教室 【きょうしつ】classroom
月 【つき】① moon ② month
元気 【げんき】health(y), robust, vigor, vigour, energy, vitality, vim, stamina, spirit, courage, pep
ご飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
好き 【すき】liking, fondness, love
考える 【かんがえる】to consider, to think about
仕事 【しごと】① work, job, business, occupation, employment, vocation, task ② work
使う 【つかう】① to use (a thing, method, etc.), to make use of, to put to use ② to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.), to employ, to handle, to manage, to manipulate ③ to use (time, money, etc.), to spend, to consume ④ to use (language), to speak ⑤ to take (one's lunch), to circulate (bad money)
始まる 【はじまる】to begin
止まる 【とまる】① to stop, to halt ② to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place) ③ to come to a halt ④ to be limited to
死ぬ 【しぬ】to die
私 【わたし】① I, me ② private affairs, personal matter, secrecy ③ selfishness
持つ 【もつ】① to hold, to carry ② to possess
自分 【じぶん】① myself, yourself, oneself, himself, herself ② I, me
借りる 【かりる】① to borrow, to have a loan ② to rent, to hire
弱い 【よわい】weak, frail, delicate, tender, unskilled, weak (wine)
重い 【おもい】① heavy, massive ② serious, important, severe, oppressed
所 【ところ】① place, spot, scene, site ② address ③ district, area, locality ④ one's house ⑤ point ⑥ part ⑦ space, room ⑧ whereupon, as a result ⑨ (after present form of a verb) about to, on the verge of
乗る 【のる】① to get on, to ride in, to board, to mount, to get up on ② to spread (paints), to be taken in ③ to share in, to join, to feel like doing, to be mentioned in, to be in harmony with ④ to appear (in print), to be recorded, to be found in (a dictionary)
新しい 【あたらしい】new
声 【こえ】voice
切る 【きる】① to cut (usu. to cut through) ② to sever (connections, ties) ③ to turn off (i.e. the light) ④ to terminate (i.e. a conversation), to hang up (the phone), to disconnect ⑤ to punch (a ticket), to tear off (a stub) ⑥ to open (something sealed) ⑦ to start ⑧ to set (a limit) ⑨ to reduce, to decrease, to discount ⑩ to shake off (water, etc.), to let drip-dry (or drain) ⑪ to cross ⑫ to do (something noticeable) ⑬ to turn (a vehicle) ⑭ to cut (the ball) ⑮ to shuffle (cards) ⑯ to trump ⑰ (in Go) to isolate (an opponent's stone) ⑱ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to finish, to complete
早い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
多分 【たぶん】① perhaps, probably ② generous, many, much, great
体 【からだ】① body ② health
待つ 【まつ】① to wait ② to await, to look forward to, to anticipate ③ (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
大きな 【おおきな】big, large, great
大切 【たいせつ】important, valuable, worthy of care
知る 【しる】to know, to understand, to be acquainted with, to feel
池 【いけ】pond
着く 【つく】① to arrive at, to reach ② to sit on, to sit at (e.g. the table)
朝 【あさ】morning
度 【ど】① degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.) ② counter for occurrences and times ③ strength (of alcohol)
答える 【こたえる】to answer, to reply
働く 【はたらく】① to work, to labor, to labour ② to function, to operate, to be effective, to work (i.e. ... works), to come into play ③ to commit (e.g. a crime), to perpetrate, to do, to act, to practise, to practice ④ to be conjugated
同じ 【おなじ】① same, identical, equal, uniform, equivalent, similar, common (origin), changeless, alike ② (usu. part of a 'nara' conditional) anyway, anyhow, in either case
売る 【うる】to sell
病気 【びょうき】illness, disease, sickness
物 【もの】① thing, object ② the natural thing, a frequently done thing ③ used to express emotional involvement ④ used in giving a reason
勉強 【べんきょう】① study ② diligence ③ discount, reduction
歩く 【あるく】to walk
方 【ほう】side, direction, way
妹 【いもうと】younger sister
問題 【もんだい】problem, question
夜 【よる】evening, night
頭 【あたま】① head ② mind, brain, intellect ③ top ④ hair (on one's head) ⑤ bangs, fringe ⑥ top structural component of a kanji
明日 【あした】tomorrow
門 【もん】① gate ② branch of learning based on the teachings of a single master ③ (biological) division ④ counter for cannons
色々 【いろいろ】various
思う 【おもう】① to think, to consider, to believe ② to think (of doing), to plan (to do) ③ to judge, to assess, to regard ④ to imagine, to suppose, to dream ⑤ to expect, to look forward to ⑥ to feel, to desire, to want ⑦ to recall, to remember
終わる 【おわる】to finish, to end, to close
作る 【つくる】① to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct ② to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol) ③ to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train ④ to till ⑤ to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write ⑥ to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose ⑦ to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found ⑧ to have (a child) ⑨ to make up (one's face, etc.) ⑩ to fabricate (an excuse, etc.) ⑪ to form (a line, etc.) ⑫ to set (a record) ⑬ to commit (a sin, etc.)
一番 【いちばん】① best, first, number one ② game, round, bout, fall, event (in a meet)
君 【きみ】you, buddy, pal
言葉 【ことば】① language, dialect ② word, words, phrase, term, expression, remark ③ speech, (manner of) speaking
次 【つぎ】① next, following, subsequent ② stage, station
取る 【とる】① to take, to pick up, to harvest, to earn, to choose ② to steal ③ to eat, to have (a meal) ④ to remove (one's glasses, etc.)
消える 【きえる】to go out, to vanish, to disappear
晴れる 【はれる】① to clear up, to clear away, to be sunny, to stop raining ② to refresh (e.g. spirits) ③ to be cleared (e.g. of a suspicion) ④ to be dispelled, to be banished
全部 【ぜんぶ】all, entire, whole, altogether
美味しい 【おいしい】① delicious, tasty ② nice (move in sport, trick, etc., nuance of being easy or a bit lucky), sweet
返す 【かえす】① to return (something), to restore, to put back ② to pay back, to retaliate, to reciprocate
方 【かた】① direction, way ② person, lady, gentleman ③ method of, manner of, way of ④ care of .. ⑤ person in charge of .. ⑥ side (e.g. "on my mother's side")
本当 【ほんとう】truth, reality
面白い 【おもしろい】interesting, amusing
練習 【れんしゅう】practice, practise
昨日 【きのう】yesterday
側 【がわ】① side (of something, or taking someone's side), part ② (watch) case
本当に 【ほんとうに】really, truly
違う 【ちがう】① to differ (from), to vary ② to not be in the usual condition ③ to not match the correct (answer, etc.) ④ to be different from promised
一緒 【いっしょ】① together ② at the same time ③ same, identical
皆 【みな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
皆 【みんな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
皆さん 【みなさん】all, everyone, everybody
覚える 【おぼえる】① to remember, to recollect, to memorize, to memorise ② to feel
甘い 【あまい】① sweet, delicious ② fragrant (smelling), sweet (music) ③ lightly salted ④ naive, overly optimistic, soft on, generous, indulgent, easy-going ⑤ half-hearted, not finished properly ⑥ tempting (e.g. words), promising
危ない 【あぶない】① dangerous, risky, hazardous, perilous, precarious ② in danger, in jeopardy, critical, grave, at risk ③ uncertain, unreliable, insecure, unsteady, doubtful ④ close (i.e. a close call), narrow ⑤ look out!, watch out!
結構 【けっこう】① splendid, nice, wonderful, delicious, sweet ② sufficient, fine (in the sense of "I'm fine"), (by implication) no thank you ③ well enough, OK, tolerable ④ reasonably, fairly, tolerably
呼ぶ 【よぶ】① to call out (to), to call, to invoke ② to summon (a doctor, etc.) ③ to invite ④ to designate, to name, to brand ⑤ to garner (support, etc.), to gather
困る 【こまる】to be troubled, to be worried, to be bothered, to be embarrassed, to be stumped
歳 【さい】① -years-old ② ability, gift, talent, aptitude, genius
子供 【こども】child, children
若い 【わかい】young
授業 【じゅぎょう】lesson, class work
初めて 【はじめて】① for the first time ② only after ... is it ..., only when ... do you ...
寝る 【ねる】① to lie down ② to go to bed, to lie in bed ③ to sleep (lying down) ④ to sleep (with someone, i.e. have intercourse) ⑤ to lie idle
生徒 【せいと】pupil
静か 【しずか】quiet, peaceful
大変 【たいへん】① very, greatly ② immense, enormous, great ③ serious, grave, dreadful, terrible ④ difficult, hard
置く 【おく】① to put, to place ② to leave (behind) ③ to do something in advance (usu. following te-form verb)
遅い 【おそい】① slow ② late (e.g. "late at night") ③ too late
痛い 【いたい】① painful, sore ② exceeding
渡す 【わたす】① to ferry across (a river, etc.), to carry across, to traverse ② to lay across, to build across ③ to hand over, to hand in, to pass, to give, to transfer
難しい 【むずかしい】difficult
彼 【かれ】① he, him ② boyfriend
彼女 【かのじょ】① she, her ② girl friend, girlfriend, sweetheart
必要 【ひつよう】① necessary, needed, essential, indispensable ② necessity, need, requirement
忘れる 【わすれる】to forget, to leave carelessly, to be forgetful of, to forget about, to forget (an article)
友達 【ともだち】friend, companion
欲しい 【ほしい】① wanted, wished for, in need of, desired ② (after the -te form of a verb) I want (you) to
頼む 【たのむ】① to request, to beg, to ask ② to call, to order, to reserve ③ to entrust to ④ to rely on
可愛い 【かわいい】① cute, adorable, charming, lovely, pretty ② dear, precious, darling, pet ③ cute little, tiny
ころ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
余り 【あまり】① remainder, rest, balance, remains, scraps, residue, remnant ② not very (with negative sentence), not much ③ surplus, excess, fullness, too much ④ overjoyed, overwhelmed ⑤ more than, over
ありがとうThank you
良い 【いい】① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
良く 【よく】① nicely, properly, well, skillfully ② frequently, often
達 【たち】pluralizing suffix (esp. for people & animals; formerly honorific)
幾ら 【いくら】how much?, how many?
大丈夫 【だいじょうぶ】safe, all right, OK, okay
誰 【だれ】who
僕 【ぼく】① I, me ② you (used addressing young children) ③ manservant
立派 【りっぱ】splendid, fine, handsome, elegant, imposing, prominent, legal, legitimate
なぜwhy, how
暇 【ひま】① spare time, free time, leisure ② time off, day off, vacation, holiday, leave ③ quitting (one's job), firing someone, divorcing (one's spouse) ④ (of one's time) free, (of one's business) slow ⑤ leaving, departing
嫌 【いや】disagreeable, detestable, unpleasant, reluctant
嫌がる 【いやがる】to hate, to dislike
あのthat (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
あれ① that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly) ② that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors) ③ hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh? ④ that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
こちら① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
こっち① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
そしてand, and then, thus, and now
そっち① that way (direction distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ② there (place distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ③ that one (something close to the listener) ④ you, your family ⑤ that person (someone close to the listener)
その① that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the ② um..., er..., uh...
それ① that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it ② that time, then
どうhow, in what way, how about
どっち① which way, which direction, where ② which one (esp. of two alternatives) ③ who
やる① to do ② to have sexual intercourse ③ to kill ④ to give (to inferiors, animals, etc.) ⑤ to do for (inferiors) ⑥ to send (e.g. somebody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g. letter) (despatch) ⑦ to move (something to), to row (a boat) ⑧ (used in place of other verb) to have (eat, drink, smoke), to study, to run or operate (a restaurant)
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
ちょっと① just a minute, short time, just a little ② somewhat, easily, readily, rather ③ (before a verb in negative form) (will not) easily ④ hey!
いつwhen, how soon
いつも① always, usually, every time ② never (with neg. verb)
くれるto give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
ここ① here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place ② these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker) ③ these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
ことthing, matter, fact, circumstances, business, reason, experience
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
それでは① well then ... ② in that situation, in which case
どうしてwhy?, for what reason, how, in what way, for what purpose, what for
うるさい① noisy, loud ② fussy ③ annoying, troublesome, tiresome, importunate ④ bossy
あっち① that way (direction distant from both speaker and listener), over there, yonder ② that one (something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener), that ③ that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener) ④ there (place distant from both speaker and listener), over there, foreign country (esp. a Western nation)
しかしhowever, but
またagain, and, also, still (doing something)
まだ① as yet, hitherto, still ② not yet (with negative verb)
もちろんof course, certainly, naturally
どこ① where, what place ② how much (long, far), what extent
いかがhow, in what way, how about
このthis (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
よう① (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) appearing ..., looking ... ② (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) way to ..., method of ...ing ③ (usu. after a noun) form, style, design ④ (usu. after a noun) like, similar to ⑤ thing (thought or spoken)
つけるto turn on, to switch on, to light up
もう一度 【もういちど】once more, again
そこ① there (place relatively near listener) ② there (place just mentioned), that place ③ then (of some incident just spoken of), that (of point just raised)
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
あんなsuch (about something or someone distant from both speaker and listener, or about a situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener), so, that, sort of
いらっしゃる① to come, to go, to be (somewhere) ② (after a -te form, or the particle "de") is (doing), are (doing)
うん① yeah, uh huh ② some (at the start of a number in place of a digit)
けどbut, however, although
さっきsome time ago
だからso, therefore
ちゃんsuffix for familiar person
はっきりclearly, plainly, distinctly
日本 【にっぽん】Japan
なさいdo (imperative form often used after ~masu base of verbs)
アルバイト① part-time job, side job ② albite
以上 【いじょう】① not less than, ... and more, ... and upwards ② beyond ... (e.g. one's means), further (e.g. nothing further to say), more than ... (e.g. cannot pay more than that) ③ above-mentioned, foregoing ④ since ..., seeing that ... ⑤ this is all, that is the end, the end
員 【いん】member
下げる 【さげる】to hang, to lower, to move back, to wear, to dismiss, to grant
家 【うち】① house, home (one's own) ② (one's) family, (one's) household
火 【ひ】fire, flame, blaze
間に合う 【まにあう】① to be in time for ② to serve (suit, meet) the purpose, to be good enough, to be enough
気 【き】① spirit, mind, heart ② nature, disposition ③ motivation, intention ④ mood, feelings ⑤ atmosphere, essence
起こす 【おこす】to raise, to cause, to wake someone
急 【きゅう】① urgent, sudden, abrupt ② sharp, steep, precipitous ③ rapid, swift, fast ④ emergency, crisis ⑤ hurrying, haste ⑥ (in gagaku or noh) end of a song
急ぐ 【いそぐ】to hurry, to rush, to hasten, to make something happen sooner
見える 【みえる】① to be seen, to be in sight ② to look, to seem, to appear ③ to come
校長 【こうちょう】principal, headmaster
高校 【こうこう】senior high school
高校生 【こうこうせい】senior high school student
今度 【こんど】now, this time, next time, another time
始める 【はじめる】① to start, to begin, to commence, to initiate, to originate ② to open (e.g. a store), to start up, to establish (business. etc.) ③ to start (doing something), to begin to ...
子 【こ】① child ② young (animal) ③ young woman, young geisha ④ offshoot ⑤ interest ⑥ new shares ⑦ (after a noun or -masu stem) -er (often of young women)
止める 【とめる】① to stop (something or someone), to turn off ② to concentrate on, to pay attention to ③ to remember, to bear in mind ④ to fix into place ⑤ to park, to leave somewhere for a time
時代 【じだい】① period, epoch, era, age ② the times, those days ③ oldness, ancientness, antiquity ④ antique, period piece
集める 【あつめる】to collect, to assemble, to gather
小学校 【しょうがっこう】primary school, elementary school, grade school
場合 【ばあい】case, situation
心 【こころ】① mind, heart, spirit ② the meaning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
親 【おや】① parent, parents ② dealer (in cards) ③ founder ④ (pet) owner
世界 【せかい】the world, society, the universe
正しい 【ただしい】right, just, correct, righteous, honest, truthful, proper, straightforward, perfect
生きる 【いきる】to live, to exist
説明 【せつめい】explanation, exposition
大事 【だいじ】important, valuable, serious matter
大体 【だいたい】general, substantially, outline, main point, approximately, about
通う 【かよう】① to go back and forth, to ply between ② to commute, to attend (school, church, etc.)
通り 【とおり】avenue, street, way
通る 【とおる】to pass (by), to go through, to walk along, to pass exams, to attend (e.g. school)
動く 【うごく】① to move, to stir, to shift, to shake, to swing ② to operate, to run, to go, to work ③ to be touched, to be influenced ④ to change, to vary, to fluctuate, to waver ⑤ certain, factual ⑥ to be transferred
特に 【とくに】particularly, especially
特別 【とくべつ】special
日 【ひ】① day, days ② sun, sunshine, sunlight ③ case (esp. unfortunate), event
入院 【にゅういん】hospitalization, hospitalisation
入学 【にゅうがく】entry to school or university, matriculation
別 【べつ】distinction, difference, different, another, particular, separate, extra, exception
別に 【べつに】① (not) particularly, nothing ② separately, apart
用 【よう】① task, business ② use, duty, service ③ call of nature, excretion
力 【ちから】① force, strength, might, vigour (vigor), energy ② capability, ability, proficiency, capacity, faculty ③ efficacy, effect ④ effort, endeavours (endeavors), exertions ⑤ power, authority, influence, good offices, agency ⑥ support, help, aid, assistance ⑦ stress, emphasis ⑧ means, resources
音 【おと】① sound, noise, report ② note (music) ③ fame
行う 【おこなう】to perform, to do, to conduct oneself, to carry out
代わり 【かわり】① substitute, deputy, proxy, alternate, relief, compensation, second helping ② in place of, as a substitute for
仕方 【しかた】way, method, means, resource, course
見つける 【みつける】① to discover, to find (e.g. an error in a book), to come across, to detect ② to locate, to find (e.g. something missing), to find fault ③ to be used to seeing, to be familiar with
泣く 【なく】to cry, to weep, to sob, to howl
教育 【きょういく】training, education
近所 【きんじょ】neighbourhood, neighborhood
君 【くん】Mr (junior), master, boy
決める 【きめる】to decide
血 【ち】blood, consanguinity
参る 【まいる】① to go, to come, to call ② to be defeated, to collapse, to die ③ to be annoyed, to be nonplussed ④ to be madly in love ⑤ to visit (shrine, grave)
手伝う 【てつだう】to help, to assist, to take part in
受ける 【うける】① to receive, to accept, to get, to inherit ② to catch (e.g. a ball), to parry (e.g. a blow), to take (lesson, test, damage), to sustain (damage), to incur (loss) ③ to become popular, to be well-received, to go down well
勝つ 【かつ】to win, to gain victory
心配 【しんぱい】① worry, concern, anxiety ② care, help, aid, assistance
申す 【もうす】to be called, to say
進む 【すすむ】① to advance, to go forward ② to precede, to go ahead (of) ③ to make progress, to improve ④ to deepen, to heighten ⑤ to do of one's own free will
生活 【せいかつ】living, life (one's daily existence), livelihood
全然 【ぜんぜん】① not at all (with neg. verb) ② wholly, entirely, completely
息子 【むすこ】son
打つ 【うつ】① to hit (something inanimate), to strike, to beat (on something) ② to type, to tap (e.g. a key) ③ to inject ④ to indulge in gambling ⑤ to visit (on a pilgrimage)
点 【てん】① spot, mark ② point, dot ③ mark (e.g. in exam), score, points ④ counter for goods or items
伝える 【つたえる】to convey, to report, to transmit, to communicate, to tell, to impart, to propagate, to teach, to bequeath
番組 【ばんぐみ】program (e.g. TV), programme
負ける 【まける】to lose, to be defeated
無理 【むり】unreasonable, impossible, overdoing
様 【さま】① Mr, Mrs or Ms ② used (gen. in fixed expressions) to make words more polite ③ manner, kind, appearance
落ちる 【おちる】① to fall down, to drop ② to fail (e.g. exam) ③ to crash, to degenerate, to degrade ④ to fade, to come out (e.g. a stain)
理由 【りゆう】reason, pretext, motive
礼 【れい】thanking, expression of gratitude
選ぶ 【えらぶ】to choose, to select
落とす 【おとす】① to drop, to lose, to let fall ② to clean off (dirt, makeup, paint, etc.), to remove (e.g. stains) ③ to download
決まる 【きまる】① to be decided, to be settled ② to look good in (clothes)
全て 【すべて】all, the whole, entirely, in general, wholly, overall
確か 【たしか】① certain, sure, definite ② if I'm not mistaken, if I remember correctly
直す 【なおす】① to cure, to heal ② to fix, to correct, to repair ③ to do over again (after -masu base of verb) ④ to replace, to put back as it was ⑤ to convert (into a different state), to transform
向かう 【むかう】① to face ② to go towards
島 【とう】island (in placenames)
一杯 【いっぱい】① amount necessary to fill a container (e.g. a cupful, spoonful, etc.), a drink (i.e. an alcoholic beverage) ② full ③ one squid, octopus, crab, etc., one boat ④ fully, to capacity ⑤ a lot, much ⑥ all of ..., the entire ...
億 【おく】10^8, 100,000,000, hundred million
過ぎる 【すぎる】① to pass through, to pass by, to go beyond ② to pass (i.e. of time), to elapse ③ to have expired, to have ended, to be over ④ to exceed, to surpass, to be above ⑤ to be no more than ... ⑥ (often used after adjective stems or the -masu stems of verbs) to be excessive, to be too much, to be too ...
慣れる 【なれる】① to grow accustomed to, to get too familiar with ② to become domesticated, to become tame
簡単 【かんたん】simple
関係 【かんけい】relation, connection
機会 【きかい】chance, opportunity
隅 【すみ】corner, nook, recess
警察 【けいさつ】police
最近 【さいきん】latest, most recent, nowadays
最後 【さいご】① last, end, conclusion ② (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga") no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences)
最初 【さいしょ】beginning, outset, first, onset
似る 【にる】to resemble, to be similar
失礼 【しつれい】① discourtesy, impoliteness ② Excuse me, Goodbye ③ to leave ④ to be rude
笑う 【わらう】① to laugh ② to smile ③ to sneer, to ridicule
席 【せき】① seat ② location (of a gathering, etc.), place ③ position, post
折る 【おる】to break, to fold, to pick flowers
続ける 【つづける】to continue, to keep up, to keep on
卒業 【そつぎょう】graduation, completion (e.g. of a course)
珍しい 【めずらしい】① unusual, rare, curious ② new, novel ③ fine (e.g. gift)
怒る 【おこる】① to get angry, to get mad ② to tell someone off, to scold ③ to be angular, to be square
倒れる 【たおれる】① to fall, to collapse, to drop, to fall senseless ② to be forced to bed (by illness, etc.) ③ to die ④ to go bankrupt, to be ruined, to have a bad debt ⑤ to be defeated (in a game) ⑥ to fall (of governments, dictators, etc.)
盗む 【ぬすむ】to steal
逃げる 【にげる】to escape, to run away
届ける 【とどける】to deliver, to forward, to send, to report, to file notice (to the authorities)
普通 【ふつう】① general, ordinary, usual ② normally, generally, usually ③ train that stops at every station
払う 【はらう】① to pay ② to brush, to wipe
変 【へん】① strange, odd, peculiar, weird, curious, queer, eccentric, funny, suspicious, fishy ② unexpected ③ change ④ incident, disturbance, disaster, accident ⑤ flat (music)
変える 【かえる】to change, to alter, to vary, to convert, to revise, to amend, to transform
変わる 【かわる】to change, to be transformed, to vary, to be revised, to be different, to move location
夢 【ゆめ】dream
戻る 【もどる】to turn back, to return, to go back, to recover, to rebound
優しい 【やさしい】tender, kind, gentle, graceful, affectionate, amiable, suave
歴史 【れきし】history
連れる 【つれる】to lead, to take (a person)
怖い 【こわい】① scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful ② (I'm) afraid
ご存じ 【ごぞんじ】① knowing ② (an) acquaintance
探す 【さがす】to search (for something desired, needed), to look for
増える 【ふえる】to increase, to multiply
背 【せ】① back, spine ② reverse, rear side ③ height ④ ridge (of a mountain)
為 【ため】① good, advantage, benefit, welfare ② sake, purpose, objective, aim ③ consequence, result, effect ④ affecting, regarding, concerning
頑張る 【がんばる】to persist, to insist on, to stand firm, to try one's best
嬉しい 【うれしい】happy, glad, pleasant
宜しい 【よろしい】good, OK, all right, fine, very well, will do, may, can
興味 【きょうみ】interest (in something)
謝る 【あやまる】to apologize, to apologise
邪魔 【じゃま】hindrance, intrusion
騒ぐ 【さわぐ】① to make noise, to make racket, to be noisy ② to rustle, to swoosh ③ to make merry ④ to clamor, to clamour, to make a fuss, to kick up a fuss ⑤ to lose one's cool, to panic, to act flustered ⑥ to feel tense, to be uneasy, to be excited
致す 【いたす】to do
我々 【われわれ】we
きっとsurely, undoubtedly, almost certainly, most likely (e.g. 90 percent)
こう① in this way (used for something or someone close to the speaker, including the speaker himself, or for the opinions of the speaker), thus, such ② uh... (interjection used as a verbal pause)
これからafter this
それでand, thereupon, because of that
もしif, in case, supposing
やっぱりalso, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
おかしいstrange, funny, amusing, ridiculous
しまうto finish, to close, to do something completely, to put away, to put an end to
すごい① terrible, dreadful ② amazing (e.g. of strength), great (e.g. of skills), wonderful, terrific ③ to a great extent, vast (in numbers)
なるほどI see, That's right!, Indeed
つもり① intention, plan ② conviction, belief
はず① expectation that something took place, will take place or was in some state, it should be so, bound to be, expected to be, must be ② nock (of a bow) ③ nock (of an arrow) ④ nock-shaped grip (between thumb and forefinger) (Sumo)
もらう① to receive, to take, to accept ② to get somebody to do something (follows a verb in "te" form)
わけconclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard, reason, cause, meaning, circumstances, situation
まま① as it is, as one likes, because, as ② condition, state
しっかりfirmly, tightly, reliable, level-headed, steady
ひどいcruel, awful, severe, very bad, serious, terrible, heavy, violent
間違う 【まちがう】to make a mistake, to be incorrect, to be mistaken
もうすぐvery soon
お前 【おまえ】① you (masc) (formerly honorific, now sometimes derog. term referring to an equal or inferior) ② presence (of a god, nobleman, etc.)
きちんとprecisely, accurately, neatly
こんなにso, like this, in this way
しつこいinsistent, obstinate
ずっと① continuously in some state (for a long time, distance), throughout, all along, the whole time, all the way ② much (better, etc.), by far, far and away ③ far away, long ago ④ direct, straight
ちゃんとperfectly, properly, exactly
だって① after all, because ② but, however ③ even, even if ④ too, as well, also ⑤ they say, I hear, you mean
どうせanyhow, in any case, at any rate, after all, at best, at most, at all
どんどん① drumming (noise) ② rapidly, steadily
どんなにhow, how much
なんかthings like ..., or something like that ... (often derogatory)
やって来る 【やってくる】to come along, to come around, to turn up
何とか 【なんとか】① something, something or other, so-and-so ② somehow, anyhow, one way or another
学ぶ 【まなぶ】to study (in depth), to learn, to take lessons in
金 【きん】① gold, golden (color), metaphor for (most) valuable, gold (medal, cup) ② money (written before an amount) ③ Friday ④ metal (fourth of the five elements) ⑤ Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE) ⑥ gold general (shogi) ⑦ karat, carat
今日は 【こんにちは】hello, good day (daytime greeting)
人間 【にんげん】① human being, man, person ② character (of a person)
人生 【じんせい】(human) life (i.e. conception to death)
年生 【ねんせい】pupil in ... year, student in ... year
本人 【ほんにん】the person himself
毎 【ごと】each respectively
名 【な】name, reputation
ただ今 【ただいま】① Here I am, I'm home! ② presently, right away, right now, just now
一生 【いっしょう】① whole life, a lifetime, all through life, one existence, a generation, an age, the whole world, the era ② (the only, the greatest, etc.) of one's life
行き 【いき】① bound for ... ② going (to)
食う 【くう】① to eat ② to live, to make a living, to survive ③ to bite, to sting (as insects do) ④ to tease, to torment, to taunt, to make light of, to make fun of ⑤ to encroach on, to eat into, to consume ⑥ to defeat a superior, to threaten a position ⑦ to consume time and-or resources ⑧ to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
何で 【なんで】① why?, what for? ② how?, by what means?
中 【ちゅう】① medium, average, middle ② moderation ③ middle school ④ China ⑤ in, out of (e.g. three out of ten people) ⑥ during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while
どうかplease, somehow or other
あんなにto that extent, to that degree
そんなにso much, so, like that
みたい-like, sort of, similar to, resembling
大 【だい】① the large part of ② big, large, great ③ approximate size, no larger than ④ -university ⑤ large (e.g. serving size), loud (e.g. volume setting)
名 【めい】① counter for people (usu. seating, reservations and such) ② first name ③ famous, great
以来 【いらい】since, henceforth
意思 【いし】intention, purpose
一体 【いったい】① ...the heck (e.g. "what the heck?"), ...in the world (e.g. "why in the world?"), ...on earth (e.g. "who on earth?") ② one object, one body, unity ③ one form, one style ④ one Buddhist image (or carving, etc.) ⑤ generally, in general
下がる 【さがる】to hang down, to abate, to retire, to fall, to step back
起こる 【おこる】to occur, to happen
去る 【さる】① to leave, to go away ② to pass, to elapse ③ to be distant ④ to send away, to drive off, to divorce ⑤ (after a -masu stem, esp. of a suru verb) ... completely ⑥ last ... (e.g. "last April")
国会 【こっかい】National Diet, parliament, congress
使用 【しよう】use, application, employment, utilization, utilisation
者 【もの】person (rarely used w.o. a qualifier)
出来事 【できごと】incident, affair, happening, event
場 【ば】① place ② occasion, situation ③ field (physics)
親しい 【したしい】intimate, close (e.g. friend)
世の中 【よのなか】society, the world, the times
度 【たび】time (three times, each time, etc.), times
味方 【みかた】friend, ally, supporter
目立つ 【めだつ】to be conspicuous, to stand out
一家 【いっか】a house, a home, a family, a household, one's family, one's folks, a style
不 【ふ】un-, non-, negative prefix
者 【しゃ】someone of that nature, someone doing that work
元 【もと】former, ex-
羽 【はね】① feather, plume, wing ② blade (fan, propeller, etc.)
感じる 【かんじる】to feel, to sense, to experience
感心 【かんしん】admiration, Well done!
岩 【いわ】rock, crag
県 【けん】① prefecture (of Japan) ② county (of China)
今回 【こんかい】now, this time, lately
才能 【さいのう】talent, ability
事情 【じじょう】circumstances, consideration, conditions, situation, reasons
時期 【じき】time, season, period
自身 【じしん】by oneself, personally
実は 【じつは】as a matter of fact, by the way, to tell you the truth, to be honest, frankly
取れる 【とれる】① to come off, to be removed ② (of pain, a fever, etc.) to disappear ③ to be caught, to be harvested ④ to be interpreted (as), to be taken as ⑤ (of balance, etc.) to be attained ⑥ to be obtainable
守る 【まもる】① to protect, to guard, to defend ② to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow
助かる 【たすかる】to be saved, to be rescued, to survive, to be helpful
助ける 【たすける】to help, to save, to rescue, to give relief to, to spare (life), to reinforce, to promote, to abet
勝負 【しょうぶ】victory or defeat, match, contest, game, bout
身 【み】① body ② oneself ③ one's place, one's position ④ main part, meat (as opposed to bone, skin, etc.), wood (as opposed to bark), blade (as opposed to its handle), container(as opposed to its lid)
正直 【しょうじき】① honesty, integrity, frankness ② honestly, frankly
全く 【まったく】① really, truly, entirely, completely, wholly, perfectly ② indeed ③ good grief (expression of exasperation)
相手 【あいて】① companion, partner, company ② other party, addressee ③ opponent (sports, etc.)
相当 【そうとう】① befitting, becoming, worthy of, proportionate, in keeping with, suitable ② considerable, substantial ③ to be worthy of, to be proportionate to ④ to correspond to (in meaning, function, etc.), to be equivalent ⑤ extremely, considerably
調子 【ちょうし】① tune, tone, key, pitch, time, rhythm ② vein, mood, way, manner, style, knack ③ condition, state of health ④ impetus, spur of the moment, strain ⑤ trend
追う 【おう】① to chase, to run after, to pursue ② to follow (i.e. a set order, a trend) ③ to drive out, to oust, to expel ④ to drive (i.e. a herd) ⑤ (in passive voice) to be pressed (for time, etc.)
通 【つう】① connoisseur, authority ② counter for letters, notes, documents, etc.
通す 【とおす】to let pass, to overlook, to continue, to keep, to make way for, to persist in
的 【てき】-like, typical
当たり前 【あたりまえ】① natural, reasonable, obvious ② usual, common, ordinary
当たる 【あたる】① to be hit, to strike ② to touch, to be in contact, to be affixed ③ to be equivalent to, to be applicable, to apply to ④ to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.) ⑤ to be selected (in a lottery, etc.), to win ⑥ to be successful, to go well, to be a hit ⑦ to face, to confront ⑧ to lie (in the direction of) ⑨ to undertake, to be assigned ⑩ to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.), to be afflicted ⑪ to be called upon (by the teacher) ⑫ to treat (esp. harshly), to lash out at ⑬ to be unnecessary ⑭ (in baseball) to be hitting well, to be on a hitting streak ⑮ (in fishing) to feel a bite ⑯ (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised, to spoil ⑰ to feel (something) out, to probe into, to check (i.e. by comparison) ⑱ to shave
部 【ぶ】① department (in an organization), division, bureau ② club ③ part, component, element ④ category ⑤ counter for copies of a newspaper or magazine
平気 【へいき】coolness, calmness, composure, unconcern
望む 【のぞむ】to desire, to wish for, to see, to command (a view of)
本物 【ほんもの】genuine article
無事 【ぶじ】safety, peace, quietness
命 【いのち】(mortal) life
迷う 【まよう】① to lose one's way ② to waver, to hesitate, to be of two minds over, to be puzzled, to be perplexed ③ to give into temptation, to lose control of oneself ④ to turn in one's grave
目指す 【めざす】to aim at, to have an eye on
様子 【ようす】① state, state of affairs, situation, circumstances ② appearance, look, aspect ③ sign, indication
全国 【ぜんこく】country-wide, nation-wide, whole country, national
他人 【たにん】another person, unrelated person, outsider, stranger
協力 【きょうりょく】cooperation, collaboration
残す 【のこす】to leave (behind, over), to bequeath, to save, to reserve
勝ち 【かち】win, victory
他 【た】other (esp. people and abstract matters)
愛 【あい】love, affection
偉い 【えらい】① great, excellent, admirable, remarkable, distinguished, important, celebrated, famous, eminent ② awful, terrible
解く 【とく】① to solve, to answer ② to untie ③ to comb, to untangle (hair)
願う 【ねがう】① to desire, to wish, to hope ② to beg, to request, to implore, to pray ③ to have something done for oneself
許す 【ゆるす】① to permit, to allow, to approve ② to exempt (from fine), to excuse (from), to pardon, to forgive, to release, to let off ③ to confide in ④ to give up, to yield
共に 【ともに】sharing with, participate in, both, alike, together, along with, with, including
教師 【きょうし】teacher (classroom)
現れる 【あらわれる】① to appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to come out, to embody, to materialize, to materialise ② to be expressed (e.g. emotions), to become apparent (e.g. trends, effects)
現実 【げんじつ】reality
限り 【かぎり】① limit, limits, bounds ② degree, extent, scope ③ as far as possible, as much as possible, to the best of one's ability ④ unless (after neg. verb) ⑤ the end, the last
合格 【ごうかく】success, passing (e.g. exam), eligibility
腰 【こし】① back, lower back, waist, hips, lumbar region ② body (of hair, noodle, paper, etc.), resilience, spring
混乱 【こんらん】disorder, chaos, confusion, mayhem
最も 【もっとも】most, extremely
最低 【さいてい】① least, lowest, worst ② nasty, disgusting, horrible, yuck!
済みません 【すみません】sorry, excuse me, thank you
罪 【つみ】crime, fault, indiscretion, sin
殺す 【ころす】to kill
事件 【じけん】event, affair, incident, case, plot, trouble, scandal
辞める 【やめる】to resign, to retire, to quit, to leave (one's job, etc.)
失う 【うしなう】to lose, to part with
失業 【しつぎょう】unemployment
常識 【じょうしき】common knowledge, conventional wisdom, general knowledge, common sense
状況 【じょうきょう】state of affairs (around you), situation, circumstances
職 【しょく】employment
信じる 【しんじる】to believe, to believe in, to place trust in, to confide in, to have faith in
責任 【せきにん】① duty, responsibility (incl. supervision of staff) ② liability, onus
絶対 【ぜったい】① absolutely, unconditionally ② absolute, unconditional, unmistakable ③ absoluteness
存在 【そんざい】existence, being
損 【そん】loss, disadvantage
単純 【たんじゅん】simplicity
努力 【どりょく】great effort, exertion, endeavour, endeavor, effort
突然 【とつぜん】abrupt, sudden, unexpected, all at once
認める 【みとめる】① to recognize, to recognise, to appreciate ② to observe, to notice ③ to admit, to approve
悩む 【なやむ】to be worried, to be troubled
犯罪 【はんざい】crime
普段 【ふだん】usual, habitual, ordinary, everyday, always
腹 【はら】① abdomen, belly, stomach ② one's mind, one's real intentions, one's true motive ③ loop (physics) ④ counter for hard roe
捕まる 【つかまる】① to be caught, to be arrested ② to hold on to, to grasp ③ to find (e.g. proof), to get (e.g. a taxi) ④ to be detained by
勇気 【ゆうき】courage, bravery, valour, valor, nerve, boldness
余計 【よけい】too much, unnecessary, extraneous, abundance, surplus, excess, superfluity
得る 【える】① to get, to acquire, to obtain, to procure, to earn, to win, to gain, to secure, to attain ② (after the -masu stem of a verb) to be able to ..., can ...
寄付 【きふ】contribution, donation
捜す 【さがす】to search (for something lost), to seek (a suspect in a crime)
戦う 【たたかう】to fight, to battle, to combat, to struggle against, to wage war, to engage in contest
必死 【ひっし】① frantic, desperate ② inevitable death ③ brinkmate (inevitable checkmate) (shogi)
案 【あん】① idea, plan, thought ② draft plan, motion, rough copy ③ expectation
隠す 【かくす】to hide, to conceal
隠れる 【かくれる】to hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself, to disappear
運命 【うんめい】fate
影響 【えいきょう】influence, effect
我慢 【がまん】patience, endurance, perseverance, tolerance, self-control, self-denial
覚悟 【かくご】resolution, resignation, readiness, preparedness
筋 【すじ】① muscle ② string, sinew, line, stripe ③ plot, plan ④ source (of business information) ⑤ reason, logic
結果 【けっか】① result, consequence, outcome, effect ② coming to fruition, bearing fruit
結局 【けっきょく】after all, eventually, in the end
件 【けん】matter, case, item
誇り 【ほこり】pride, boast
慌てる 【あわてる】① to become confused (disconcerted, disorganized, disorganised), to be flustered, to panic ② to be in a hurry, to rush
詳しい 【くわしい】knowing very well, detailed, full, accurate
冗談 【じょうだん】jest, joke
申し訳 【もうしわけ】apology, excuse
真剣 【しんけん】① seriousness, earnestness ② real sword (as opposed to unsharpened or wooden practice weapon) (practise)
真実 【しんじつ】truth, reality
推薦 【すいせん】recommendation
騒ぎ 【さわぎ】uproar, disturbance
奪う 【うばう】to snatch away, to dispossess, to steal
やつ① (derog) fellow, guy, chap ② thing, object ③ (derogatory or familiar) he, she, him, her
当然 【とうぜん】natural, as a matter of course
納得 【なっとく】consent, assent, understanding, agreement, comprehension, grasp
腐る 【くさる】to rot, to go bad, to corrode
癖 【くせ】a habit (often a bad habit, i.e. vice), peculiarity
迷惑 【めいわく】trouble, bother, annoyance
黙る 【だまる】to be silent
離す 【はなす】to part, to divide, to separate, to release
率 【りつ】rate, ratio, proportion, percentage
俺 【おれ】(masc) I, me (rough or arrogant-sounding first-person pronoun, formerly also used by women)
敵 【てき】① opponent, rival, adversary ② menace, danger, threat, enemy
ますますincreasingly, more and more
我が 【わが】my, our, one's own
それともor, or else
まるでquite, entirely, completely, at all, as if, as though, so to speak, just like
ご覧 【ごらん】① (after the -te form of a verb) (please) try to ② (please) look ③ seeing, looking, watching
しかるto scold
まさかby no means, never!, well, I never!, you don't say!
そのままwithout change, as it is (i.e. now)
それでもbut (still), and yet, nevertheless, even so, notwithstanding
そこでso, accordingly, now, then, thereupon, therefore
しゃべるto talk, to chat, to chatter
すぐ① immediately, at once, directly ② soon, before long, shortly ③ easily, without difficulty ④ right (near), nearby, just (handy)
諦める 【あきらめる】to give up, to abandon
とにかくanyhow, at any rate, anyway, somehow or other, generally speaking, in any case
どうしてもby all means, at any cost, no matter what, after all, in the long run, cravingly, at any rate, surely
ただ① ordinary, common, usual ② free of charge ③ unaffected, as is, safe ④ only, merely, just, simply ⑤ but, however, nevertheless
騙す 【だます】to trick, to cheat, to deceive
いやno, nay, well
かなりconsiderably, fairly, quite
せっかくwith trouble, at great pains, long-awaited
せいcause, reason, fault
つまりin short, in brief, in other words, that is to say, in the long run, after all, blockade, stuffing, ultimate
あらoh, ah
がる① to feel (on adj-stem to represent a third party's apparent emotion) ② to behave as if one were
よいしょ① (expression of) effort or strain, Yo-heave-ho! ② to butter up, to suck up to
とくto do something in readiness for, to get something (needful) done
言い出す 【いいだす】to start talking, to speak, to tell, to propose, to suggest, to break the ice
私立 【しりつ】private (establishment)
元々 【もともと】originally, by nature, from the start
お帰り 【おかえり】① return ② welcome home
お早う 【おはよう】Good morning
校 【こう】① school ② proof (of a book, document, etc.), counter for proofs
受験 【じゅけん】taking an examination
負け 【まけ】defeat, loss, losing (a game)
議員 【ぎいん】member of the Diet, congress or parliament
散る 【ちる】① to fall (e.g. blossoms, leaves) ② to scatter, to be dispersed ③ to disappear, to dissolve, to break up ④ to spread, to run, to blur ⑤ to die a noble death
照る 【てる】to shine
先祖 【せんぞ】ancestor
反省 【はんせい】reflection, reconsideration, introspection, meditation, contemplation
暴れる 【あばれる】to act violently, to rage, to struggle, to be riotous
余り 【あんまり】① remainder, rest, balance, remains, scraps, residue, remnant ② not very (with negative sentence), not much ③ surplus, excess, fullness, too much ④ overjoyed, overwhelmed ⑤ more than, over
超える 【こえる】① to cross over, to cross, to pass through, to pass over (out of) ② to exceed
老い 【おい】old age, old person, the old, the aged
戦 【せん】match, competition
家 【か】-ist (used after a noun indicating someone's occupation, pursuits, disposition, etc.), -er
応援 【おうえん】aid, assistance, help, reinforcement, rooting, barracking, support, cheering
嫁 【よめ】① wife, bride ② (one's) daughter-in-law
愚か 【おろか】foolish, stupid
ご免なさい 【ごめんなさい】I beg your pardon, excuse me
あう① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
但し 【ただし】but, however, provided that
刀 【かたな】(single-edged) sword, katana
本気 【ほんき】seriousness, truth, sanctity
欄 【らん】① column of text (e.g. in a newspaper) ② field (in a form, web page, etc.)
武士 【ぶし】warrior, samurai
悔しい 【くやしい】regrettable, mortifying, vexing
よる① to be due to, to be caused by ② to depend on, to turn on ③ to be based on, to come from
くだらないgood-for-nothing, stupid, trivial, worthless
そば① buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) ② soba (Japanese buckwheat noodles)
ごめんyour pardon, declining (something), dismissal, permission
いきなりabruptly, suddenly, all of a sudden, without warning
とっくにlong ago, already, a long time ago
卑怯 【ひきょう】cowardice, meanness, unfairness
さすが① as one would expect ② still, all the same ③ even... (e.g. "even a genius...")
ふざけるto romp, to gambol, to frolic, to joke, to make fun of, to flirt, to mess around, to screw around, to josh
いよいよ① more and more, all the more, increasingly ② at last, finally, beyond doubt ③ (at the) last moment, worst possible time
芯 【しん】① wick, marrow, staple (for stapler), (pencil) lead, stuffing, pith ② core, heart, centre, center
いざnow, come (now), well
女子 【おなご】woman, girl
着 【ぎ】clothes, outfit, uniform, gi
引き取る 【ひきとる】to take charge of, to take over, to retire to a private place
床 【とこ】① bed, bedding ② sickbed ③ alcove ④ riverbed ⑤ seedbed ⑥ straw "core" of a tatami mat ⑦ floor
殿 【しんがり】① rear, rear unit guard ② anchor (man)
御負け 【おまけ】① freebie (e.g. with a purchase), something additional, bonus, an extra ② (on the spot) price reduction ③ exaggeration
お巡りさん 【おまわりさん】policeman (friendly term)
悪 【あく】evil, wickedness
過ち 【あやまち】fault, error, indiscretion, faux pas
慣れ 【なれ】practice, practise, experience
危機 【きき】crisis
脅す 【おどす】to threaten, to menace
系 【けい】① system, lineage, group ② corollary ③ (geological) system (range of strata that correspond to a particular time period) ④ (taxonomical) series
公 【おおやけ】official, public, formal, open, governmental
告げる 【つげる】to inform
仕える 【つかえる】to serve, to work for
失格 【しっかく】disqualification, elimination, incapacity (legal)
受かる 【うかる】to pass (examination)
襲う 【おそう】① to attack, to assail, to make an assault, to strike, to hunt down ② to succeed (someone in a post, role, etc.) ③ to make a sudden visit
塾 【じゅく】coaching school, cramming school, juku
勝手 【かって】① one's own convenience, one's way ② convenience or ease of use, knowledge of how to use ③ circumstances, situation (e.g. financial), environment ④ kitchen ⑤ arbitrary
焦る 【あせる】to be in a hurry, to be impatient
乗っ取る 【のっとる】to capture, to hijack, to commandeer, to occupy, to usurp
親父 【おやじ】one's father, old man, one's boss
人格 【じんかく】personality, character, individuality
尽くす 【つくす】① to exhaust, to run out ② to devote, to serve (a person), to befriend ③ to do to exhaustion
粋 【すい】① chic, stylish, refined, sophisticated, smart ② understanding, sympathetic ③ the best
遂げる 【とげる】to accomplish, to achieve, to carry out
折 【おり】chance, suitable time
体力 【たいりょく】physical strength
対 【つい】① pair, couple, set ② antithesis ③ counter for items that come in pairs ④ counter for sets (of clothes, small furniture, utensils, etc.)
退学 【たいがく】dropping out of school
恥 【はじ】shame, embarrassment
着席 【ちゃくせき】sit down, seat
肉体 【にくたい】the body, the flesh
無礼 【ぶれい】impolite, rude
励む 【はげむ】to be zealous, to brace oneself, to endeavour, to endeavor, to strive, to make an effort
幹 【みき】(tree) trunk, (arrow) shaft, (tool) handle, backbone, base
魂 【たましい】soul, spirit
言い訳 【いいわけ】① excuse ② explanation
堂々 【どうどう】① magnificent, grand, impressive, dignified, majestic, imposing, stately ② fair, square, open ③ grandly, boldly, confidently ④ fairly, squarely ⑤ unreservedly, without apology, without hesitation
行ける 【いける】to look (taste, etc.) good
陣 【じん】battle formation, camp, encampment
著 【ちょ】① work, book ② (a book) by ③ obvious, striking
もしかしてperhaps, possibly
よしcommon reed (Phragmites australis)
ちょうsuper-, ultra-, hyper-, very, really (conversational)
頂 【いただき】crown (of head), summit (of mountain), spire
いやいやreluctantly, by no means, unwillingly
こもる① to seclude oneself, to be confined in ② to be filled (e.g. with emotion, satire, etc.), to be heavy (with) ③ to be stuffy ④ to be implied
とりあえずat once, first of all, for the time being, for now
わざわざexpressly, specially, doing something especially rather than incidentally
おい① hey!, oi! ② me
こら① interjection meant to scold or reprove someone, hey! ② interjection to call out to someone, hey!
ごっこsomething done together, game of make-believe
ちっぽけvery small, tiny
ほらlook!, look out!, look at me!
らっしゃるto be, to come, to go
サッカー① soccer ② seersucker
フフgiggling sound, laugh, ha ha
ボディー① body ② buddy
か月 【かげつ】(number of) months
だしfestival car (float)
出来 【でき】① workmanship, craftsmanship, execution, finish ② grades, results, score, record ③ quality (e.g. of a crop) ④ dealings, transactions
上 【うわ】upper, upward, outer, surface, top
上げ 【あげ】rise in price, making a tuck
父上 【ちちうえ】father (esp. used in samurai families prior to the Meiji period)
本日 【ほんじつ】today
おいおい① Hey!, Wait a minute!, Whoa! ② boohoo, waaaa
高 【だか】quantity, amount, volume, number, amount of money
リストラ(corporate) restructuring, downsizing
すいませんexcuse me;
ううん① no ② er, well, ... ③ groan
アッoh, ah
ウッoof, ough, ulp
やる気 【やるき】willingness (e.g. to do something), eagerness, motivation, inspiration, determination, high aspirations
ちゃうto do something completely
ああlike that (used for something or someone distant from both speaker and listener), so
だい① marks wh-question (what, where, who) ② strengthens one's judgment or conclusion
そりゃ① very, extremely ② that is
かもmay, might, perhaps, may be, possibly
えっHuh?, What's up?
フッ① hah (derisively), pooh ② pfft (of something disappearing), poof ③ huff, puff
れる① auxiliary verb indicating passive voice (inc. the "suffering passive") ② auxiliary verb indicating the potential form ③ auxiliary verb indicating spontaneous occurrence ④ auxiliary verb used as an honorific for others' actions
こう言う 【こういう】such, like this
起立 【きりつ】standing up
生死 【しょうし】① life and death ② samsara (cycle of death and rebirth) ③ death
そう言う 【そういう】such, like that, that sort of, very
茶 【ちゃ】① tea ② tea plant (Camellia sinensis) ③ tea preparation, making tea ④ brown
入試 【にゅうし】entrance examination
思い 【おもい】thought, mind, heart, feelings, emotion, sentiment, love, affection, desire, wish, hope, expectation, imagination, experience
気持 【きもち】feeling, sensation, mood
お待ち 【おまち】waiting, waiting time
二度と 【にどと】never again (with negative verb)
兄ちゃん 【にいちゃん】familiar form of "older brother"
一点 【いってん】speck, dot, point, only a little, particle, only one
学費 【がくひ】tuition, school expenses
君たち 【きみたち】(used colloquially by young females) you (plural), all of you, you all
みる① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ to try ⑥ to see that..., to find that...
公算 【こうさん】probability, likelihood
仕返し 【しかえし】being even with, reprisal, tit for tat, retaliation, revenge
反 【たん】① variable measure of fabric (28.8 cm in width), for kimonos: at least 10 m in length, for haori: at least 7.27 m in length, for other clothes: at least 6.06 m in length ② 300 tsubo (991.74 meters square, 0.24506 acres) ③ six ken (10.91 m)
望月 【もちづき】① full moon ② full moon of the eighth lunar month
名乗る 【なのる】to call oneself (name, label, etc.), to give one's name (as), to impersonate or claim (to be someone)
情けない 【なさけない】miserable, pitiable, shameful, deplorable
教頭 【きょうとう】deputy head teacher, vice principal
受験生 【じゅけんせい】student preparing for or taking examinations
生き様 【いきざま】form of existence, way of life
当校 【とうこう】this school, the school in question
わが校 【わがこう】our school, my school
過信 【かしん】trusting too much, overestimating ability
かなう① to come true (wish) ② to be suited ③ to match (implies competition), to rival, to bear (e.g. I can't bear the heat)
巻き込む 【まきこむ】to roll up, to involve, to enfold, to swallow up, to drag into
疑い 【うたがい】doubt, question, uncertainty, skepticism, scepticism, suspicion, distrust
競る 【せる】to compete, to bid, to sell at auction
共 【ども】① first-person plural (or singular) ② second or third person plural (implies speaker is of higher status than those referred to)
御座る 【ござる】to be;
いいかげん① irresponsible, perfunctory, careless ② lukewarm, half-baked, halfhearted, vague ③ reasonable, moderate (usu. in suggestions or orders) ④ considerably, quite, rather, pretty
最悪 【さいあく】the worst
戦国 【せんごく】belligerent country, country in civil war, warring states
担任 【たんにん】① in charge (of something) ② homeroom teacher
殿 【どの】form of address used for official letters and business letters, and in letters to inferiors, Mr
あなたbeyond, across, the other side, the distance
いえno, nay, well
未成年 【みせいねん】minor, not of age
いただける① to receive (potential) ② to be pretty good, to be exquisite, to be approvable
生き抜く 【いきぬく】to live through, to survive
ついてるto be lucky, to be in luck
お願い 【おねがい】① request, wish ② please
もしかif, in case
署 【しょ】station (esp. a police station), office (i.e. tax office)
どういうsomehow, how, in what way, why, what kind of
貴様 【きさま】you
素 【もと】ingredient
己 【おのれ】① I (or me) ② you ③ by oneself (itself, etc.) ④ interjection expressing anger or chagrin
旨く 【うまく】① skilfully, skillfully, well, aptly, cleverly ② successfully, smoothly ③ deliciously
傷つける 【きずつける】① to wound, to injure ② to hurt someone's feelings (pride, etc.) ③ to damage, to chip, to scratch
振り回す 【ふりまわす】to wield, to brandish, to flourish, to wave (about), to swing, to display, to show off, to abuse
塚 【つか】mound
あいつhe, she, that guy
とるto take, to catch (fish), to capture
野郎 【やろう】rascal
優遇 【ゆうぐう】favorable treatment, favourable treatment, hospitality, warm reception, good treatment, hearty welcome
浪人 【ろうにん】① ronin, wandering samurai without a master to serve ② out of work ③ waiting for another chance to enter a university
いく① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
案ずる 【あんずる】① to be anxious or concerned about, to ponder (anxiously), to fear ② to investigate, to consider, to plan ③ to pat, to rub, to take a sword in one's hand
かわいそうpoor, pitiable, pathetic, pitiful
聴く 【きく】① to hear ② to listen (e.g. to music) ③ to ask, to enquire, to query
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
志望校 【しぼうこう】school of one's (first, second) choice
あんたyou (familiar form of anata)
糧 【かて】food, provisions
おらfirst person pronoun (usually male)
かけるto suspend between two points, to build (a bridge, etc.), to put up on something (e.g. legs up on table)
それだけthat much, as much, to that extent, only that, that alone, no more than that
マジcannot, should not, will not, must not
いかcuttlefish, squid
愚弄 【ぐろう】mockery, derision, ridicule
斬る 【きる】to kill (a human) using a blade (sword, machete, knife, etc.), to slice (off), to lop (off), to cut (off)
つるto cramp, to be cramped, to contract
こいつthis fellow, this guy, this person
疚しい 【やましい】(feel) guilty, (having a) guilty conscience
わしI, me (used by elderly males)
大阪 【おおさか】Osaka
ない① not (verb-negating suffix; may indicate question or invitation with rising intonation) ② emphatic suffix (used after the root of an adjective)
られる① auxiliary verb indicating passive voice (inc. the "suffering passive") ② auxiliary verb indicating the potential form ③ auxiliary verb indicating spontaneous occurrence ④ auxiliary verb used as an honorific for others' actions