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深夜食堂【しんやしょくどう】Season 1 (‘Midnight Dinner’) Vol. 1: episodes 1 to 5

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Vocab for episodes 1 to 5 of the TV series ‘深夜食堂【しんやしょくどう】Season 1’ (‘Midnight Dinner’). This is volume 1/2. Check out the ‘Most Common Vocab’ set (Vol. 0) for a list of the most common terms throughout the series.

First 500 entries [show all] — Created by Public Domain — Last modified: 2016-11-03 13:55:26
ええ① yes, that is correct, right ② um, errr ③ huh? ④ grrr, gah, Must I? ⑤ good
お金 【おかね】money
お母さん 【おかあさん】mother
こんなsuch (about something/someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or about ideas expressed by the speaker), like this
さん① Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms ② honorific used with occupational titles
じゃあ① then, well, so, well then ② combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles ③ plain copula
じゃ① then, well, so, well then ② combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles ③ plain copula
そう① so, really, seeming ② (after masu stem and adj-stem) appearing that, seeming that, looking like, having the appearance of
そんなsuch (about the actions of the listener, or about ideas expressed or understood by the listener), like that, that sort of
でも① but, however, still, yet, although, even though ② even, even if ③ or something
どうも① thanks ② much (thanks), very (sorry), quite (regret) ③ quite, really ④ somehow ⑤ no matter how hard one may try ⑥ greetings, hello, goodbye
どんなwhat, what kind of
はい① yes ② OK (used to get attention prior to an utterance), okay ③ giddy-up, giddap
もう① already, anymore ② soon, shortly ③ more, further, other, again ④ interjection used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation)
もしもし① hello (e.g. on phone) ② excuse me! (when calling out to someone)
もっと(some) more, even more, longer, further
テレビtelevision, TV
パン① bread, pastries (e.g. croissants), pastry-based products ② pan, frying pan ③ panning (in a film)
レストランrestaurant (esp. Western-style)
安い 【やすい】① cheap, inexpensive ② calm, peaceful, quiet
一 【いち】① one ② best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective follows)
ひと月 【ひとつき】one month
飲む 【のむ】① to drink, to gulp, to swallow ② to smoke (tobacco) ③ to engulf, to overwhelm ④ to keep down, to suppress ⑤ to accept (e.g. demand, condition) ⑥ to make light of, to conceal
円 【えん】① Yen, money ② circle
下さい 【ください】① please give me ② (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-) please do for me
どうぞ① please, kindly ② by all means
会社 【かいしゃ】① company, corporation ② workplace
金 【かね】① money ② metal
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
五 【ご】five
後 【あと】① behind, rear ② after, later ③ after one's death ④ remainder, the rest ⑤ descendant, successor, heir ⑥ more (i.e. five more minutes)
高い 【たかい】① high, tall ② expensive
今 【いま】now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more
左 【ひだり】left, left hand side
三つ 【みっつ】three
時 【とき】① time, hour ② occasion, moment
時間 【じかん】① time ② hours
車 【くるま】① car, automobile, vehicle ② wheel
出す 【だす】① to take out, to get out ② to put out, to reveal, to show ③ to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in ④ to publish, to make public ⑤ to send (e.g. letter) ⑥ to produce (a sound), to start (fire) ⑦ to serve (food) ⑧ to begin
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
出来る 【できる】① to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task ② to be ready, to be completed ③ to be made, to be built ④ to be good at, to be permitted (to do) ⑤ to become intimate, to take up (with somebody) ⑥ to grow, to be raised
書く 【かく】to write
女 【おんな】woman
少し 【すこし】① small quantity, little, few, something ② little while ③ short distance
上 【うえ】① above, up, over ② top, summit ③ surface, on ④ before, previous ⑤ superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder) ⑥ on top of that, besides, what's more ⑦ upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after) ⑧ matters concerning..., as concerns ... ⑨ since (i.e. "for that reason") ⑩ suffix indicating higher social standing
上げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to do up (one's hair) ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to show someone (into a room) ⑥ (uk) to summon (for geishas, etc.) ⑦ to send someone (away) ⑧ to enrol (one's child in school) (enroll) ⑨ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑩ to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice) ⑪ to earn (something desirable) ⑫ to praise ⑬ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑭ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑮ to arrest ⑯ to nominate ⑰ to give ⑱ to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) ⑲ to bear (a child) ⑳ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) ○ (of the tide) to come in ○ to vomit ○ (after the -te form of a verb) to do for (the sake of someone else) ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to complete ○ used after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility
食べる 【たべる】to eat
生まれる 【うまれる】to be born
西 【にし】west
先 【さき】① previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding ② point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle ③ head (of a line), front ④ ahead, the other side ⑤ the future, hereafter ⑥ destination ⑦ the other party
先月 【せんげつ】last month
先生 【せんせい】① teacher, master, doctor ② with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific
川 【がわ】① river, stream ② the .... river, (suffix used with the names of rivers)
前 【まえ】① ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour) ② in front (of), before (e.g. the house) ③ head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part ④ in the presence of ⑤ helping, portion ⑥ privates, private parts
大人 【おとな】adult
男 【おとこ】man
中 【なか】① inside, in ② among, within ③ center (centre), middle ④ during, while
長い 【ながい】① long (distance) ② long (time), lengthy
電話 【でんわ】telephone
道 【みち】① road, street, way, path, course, route, lane ② distance, ways (e.g. "a long ways") ③ the way (of proper conduct, etc.), one's way, morals ④ teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma ⑤ field (of medicine, etc.), subject ⑥ way, method, means
二 【に】two
入る 【はいる】① to enter ② to break into ③ to join, to enroll ④ to contain, to hold, to accommodate ⑤ to have (an income of)
入れる 【いれる】① to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.) ② to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire ③ to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to ④ to include ⑤ to pay (one's rent, etc.) ⑥ to cast (a vote) ⑦ to make (tea, coffee, etc.) ⑧ to turn on (a switch, etc.) ⑨ to send (a fax), to call
年 【とし】① year ② age
買う 【かう】① to buy ② to value, to have a high opinion ③ to stir, to provoke
母 【はは】mother
北 【きた】north
本 【ほん】① book, volume ② main, head, this, our, present, real ③ counter for long cylindrical things
毎週 【まいしゅう】every week
毎日 【まいにち】every day
名前 【なまえ】① name, full name ② given name, first name
木 【き】tree, wood, timber
来る 【くる】① to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive ② to come back, to do ... and come back ③ to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue ④ to come from, to be caused by, to derive from ⑤ to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
話す 【はなす】to speak
何 【なに】① what ② how many (some counter)
何 【なん】① what ② how many (some counter)
行く 【いく】① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
今日 【きょう】today, this day
今年 【ことし】this year
三 【さん】three
十 【じゅう】10, ten
人 【ひと】① man, person ② human being, mankind, people ③ character, personality ④ man of talent, true man ⑤ other people ⑥ adult
店 【みせ】store, shop, establishment
八つ 【やっつ】eight
言う 【いう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
聞く 【きく】① to hear ② to listen (e.g. to music) ③ to ask, to enquire, to query
時々 【ときどき】sometimes, at times
話 【はなし】① talk, speech, chat, story, conversation ② discussions, negotiation, argument
目 【め】① eye, eyeball ② eyesight ③ look ④ experience ⑤ viewpoint ⑥ ordinal number suffix ⑦ somewhat, -ish
分かる 【わかる】① to be understood, to be comprehended, to be grasped ② to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
ですpolite copula in Japanese
時 【じ】① hour, o'clock ② (specified) time, when ..., during ...
日 【にち】① Sunday ② day (of the month) ③ counter for days
年 【ねん】① year (e.g. AD) ② counter for years
いるauxillary verb for continuing action or state
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
お茶 【おちゃ】① tea (usu. green) ② tea break (at work) ③ tea ceremony
悪い 【わるい】① bad, poor, inferior ② evil, sinful ③ unprofitable, unbeneficial ④ at fault, to blame, in the wrong ⑤ sorry
意味 【いみ】meaning, significance
映画 【えいが】movie, film
家 【いえ】① house, residence, dwelling ② family, household ③ lineage, family name
家族 【かぞく】family, members of a family
歌 【うた】① song ② classical Japanese poetry (esp. tanka) ③ modern poetry
会う 【あう】① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
顔 【かお】face (person)
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
教える 【おしえる】to teach, to inform, to instruct
兄 【あに】older brother
兄さん 【にいさん】① older brother, elder brother ② brother (as older-brother figure in friendly and or work relationship) ③ (vocative) young man, buddy, fella, laddie
兄弟 【きょうだい】siblings, brothers and sisters
軽い 【かるい】① light (i.e. not heavy), feeling light (i.e. offering little resistance, moving easily) ② light (i.e. of foot), nimble, agile ③ non-serious, minor, unimportant, trivial ④ slight, small, gentle, soft ⑤ easy, simple ⑥ indiscriminate
元気 【げんき】health(y), robust, vigor, vigour, energy, vitality, vim, stamina, spirit, courage, pep
ご飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
好き 【すき】liking, fondness, love
考える 【かんがえる】to consider, to think about
仕事 【しごと】① work, job, business, occupation, employment, vocation, task ② work
使う 【つかう】① to use (a thing, method, etc.), to make use of, to put to use ② to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.), to employ, to handle, to manage, to manipulate ③ to use (time, money, etc.), to spend, to consume ④ to use (language), to speak ⑤ to take (one's lunch), to circulate (bad money)
始まる 【はじまる】to begin
姉 【あね】older sister, elder sister
姉さん 【ねえさん】① elder sister ② (vocative) young lady ③ miss (referring to a waitress, etc.) ④ ma'am (used by geisha to refer to their superiors)
死ぬ 【しぬ】to die
私 【わたし】① I, me ② private affairs, personal matter, secrecy ③ selfishness
持つ 【もつ】① to hold, to carry ② to possess
自分 【じぶん】① myself, yourself, oneself, himself, herself ② I, me
弱い 【よわい】weak, frail, delicate, tender, unskilled, weak (wine)
秋 【あき】autumn, fall
住む 【すむ】to live (of humans), to reside, to inhabit, to dwell, to abide
所 【ところ】① place, spot, scene, site ② address ③ district, area, locality ④ one's house ⑤ point ⑥ part ⑦ space, room ⑧ whereupon, as a result ⑨ (after present form of a verb) about to, on the verge of
食堂 【しょくどう】① dining room, dining hall, cafeteria, messroom ② restaurant, eatery, snack bar, diner
声 【こえ】voice
赤い 【あかい】① red ② Red (i.e. communist)
早い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
多い 【おおい】many, numerous
体 【からだ】① body ② health
待つ 【まつ】① to wait ② to await, to look forward to, to anticipate ③ (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
大きな 【おおきな】big, large, great
大好き 【だいすき】loveable, very likeable, like very much
大切 【たいせつ】important, valuable, worthy of care
知る 【しる】to know, to understand, to be acquainted with, to feel
池 【いけ】pond
着く 【つく】① to arrive at, to reach ② to sit on, to sit at (e.g. the table)
朝 【あさ】morning
鳥 【とり】① bird ② bird meat (esp. chicken meat), fowl, poultry
度 【ど】① degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.) ② counter for occurrences and times ③ strength (of alcohol)
同じ 【おなじ】① same, identical, equal, uniform, equivalent, similar, common (origin), changeless, alike ② (usu. part of a 'nara' conditional) anyway, anyhow, in either case
肉 【にく】① flesh ② meat ③ the physical body (as opposed to the spirit) ④ thickness ⑤ ink pad
病気 【びょうき】illness, disease, sickness
物 【もの】① thing, object ② the natural thing, a frequently done thing ③ used to express emotional involvement ④ used in giving a reason
勉強 【べんきょう】① study ② diligence ③ discount, reduction
方 【ほう】side, direction, way
妹 【いもうと】younger sister
木曜日 【もくようび】Thursday
夜 【よる】evening, night
夕べ 【ゆうべ】① evening ② last night
料理 【りょうり】① cooking, cookery, cuisine ② dealing with something, handling, administration, management
今朝 【けさ】this morning
頭 【あたま】① head ② mind, brain, intellect ③ top ④ hair (on one's head) ⑤ bangs, fringe ⑥ top structural component of a kanji
明日 【あした】tomorrow
門 【もん】① gate ② branch of learning based on the teachings of a single master ③ (biological) division ④ counter for cannons
色々 【いろいろ】various
歌う 【うたう】① to sing ② to sing (one's praises in a poem, etc.)
思う 【おもう】① to think, to consider, to believe ② to think (of doing), to plan (to do) ③ to judge, to assess, to regard ④ to imagine, to suppose, to dream ⑤ to expect, to look forward to ⑥ to feel, to desire, to want ⑦ to recall, to remember
終わる 【おわる】to finish, to end, to close
作る 【つくる】① to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct ② to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol) ③ to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train ④ to till ⑤ to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write ⑥ to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose ⑦ to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found ⑧ to have (a child) ⑨ to make up (one's face, etc.) ⑩ to fabricate (an excuse, etc.) ⑪ to form (a line, etc.) ⑫ to set (a record) ⑬ to commit (a sin, etc.)
町 【まち】① town, block, neighbourhood, neighborhood ② street, road ③ 109.09 m ④ 0.99 hectares
赤 【あか】① red, crimson, scarlet ② red-containing colour (e.g. brown, pink, orange) ③ red light ④ red ink (i.e. in finance or proof-reading), (in) the red ⑤ complete, total, perfect, obvious
屋 【や】① (something) shop ② somebody who sells (something) or works as (something) ③ somebody with a (certain) personality trait ④ house ⑤ roof
一番 【いちばん】① best, first, number one ② game, round, bout, fall, event (in a meet)
家庭 【かてい】home, family, household
絵 【え】picture, drawing, painting, sketch
勤める 【つとめる】① to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in) ② to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of) ③ to conduct a religious service
君 【きみ】you, buddy, pal
言葉 【ことば】① language, dialect ② word, words, phrase, term, expression, remark ③ speech, (manner of) speaking
向こう 【むこう】① opposite side, other side, opposite direction ② over there, that way, far away, beyond ③ the other party, the other person ④ future (starting now)
皿 【さら】① plate, dish, platter, disc ② serving, helping, course ③ kanji radical 108 (at the bottom)
次 【つぎ】① next, following, subsequent ② stage, station
取る 【とる】① to take, to pick up, to harvest, to earn, to choose ② to steal ③ to eat, to have (a meal) ④ to remove (one's glasses, etc.)
酒 【さけ】alcohol, sake
美味しい 【おいしい】① delicious, tasty ② nice (move in sport, trick, etc., nuance of being easy or a bit lucky), sweet
本当 【ほんとう】truth, reality
一昨日 【おととい】day before yesterday
昨日 【きのう】yesterday
弟 【おとうと】younger brother
両親 【りょうしん】parents, both parents
本当に 【ほんとうに】really, truly
お腹 【おなか】stomach
違う 【ちがう】① to differ (from), to vary ② to not be in the usual condition ③ to not match the correct (answer, etc.) ④ to be different from promised
一緒 【いっしょ】① together ② at the same time ③ same, identical
過ぎ 【すぎ】① past, after ② too (much), over (e.g. eating)
皆 【みな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
皆 【みんな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
覚える 【おぼえる】① to remember, to recollect, to memorize, to memorise ② to feel
甘い 【あまい】① sweet, delicious ② fragrant (smelling), sweet (music) ③ lightly salted ④ naive, overly optimistic, soft on, generous, indulgent, easy-going ⑤ half-hearted, not finished properly ⑥ tempting (e.g. words), promising
吸う 【すう】① to smoke, to breathe in, to inhale ② to suck, to sip, to slurp ③ to absorb, to soak up ④ to kiss
結構 【けっこう】① splendid, nice, wonderful, delicious, sweet ② sufficient, fine (in the sense of "I'm fine"), (by implication) no thank you ③ well enough, OK, tolerable ④ reasonably, fairly, tolerably
結婚 【けっこん】marriage
個 【こ】① counter for articles ② counter for military units ③ individual
呼ぶ 【よぶ】① to call out (to), to call, to invoke ② to summon (a doctor, etc.) ③ to invite ④ to designate, to name, to brand ⑤ to garner (support, etc.), to gather
厚い 【あつい】① thick, deep, heavy ② kind, cordial, hospitable, warm, faithful ③ serious (of an illness) ④ abundant
今晩 【こんばん】tonight, this evening
今晩は 【こんばんは】good evening
歳 【さい】① -years-old ② ability, gift, talent, aptitude, genius
雑誌 【ざっし】journal, magazine, periodical
子供 【こども】child, children
若い 【わかい】young
初めて 【はじめて】① for the first time ② only after ... is it ..., only when ... do you ...
掃除 【そうじ】cleaning, sweeping
大変 【たいへん】① very, greatly ② immense, enormous, great ③ serious, grave, dreadful, terrible ④ difficult, hard
置く 【おく】① to put, to place ② to leave (behind) ③ to do something in advance (usu. following te-form verb)
遅い 【おそい】① slow ② late (e.g. "late at night") ③ too late
痛い 【いたい】① painful, sore ② exceeding
猫 【ねこ】① cat ② shamisen ③ geisha ④ wheelbarrow ⑤ clay bed-warmer
熱い 【あつい】hot (thing)
薄い 【うすい】① thin ② pale, light ③ watery, dilute, sparse ④ weak (taste, etc.) ⑤ slim (probability, etc.), small
彼 【かれ】① he, him ② boyfriend
彼女 【かのじょ】① she, her ② girl friend, girlfriend, sweetheart
必要 【ひつよう】① necessary, needed, essential, indispensable ② necessity, need, requirement
忘れる 【わすれる】to forget, to leave carelessly, to be forgetful of, to forget about, to forget (an article)
忙しい 【いそがしい】busy, hectic, occupied, engaged
枚 【まい】counter for flat objects (e.g. sheets of paper)
頼む 【たのむ】① to request, to beg, to ask ② to call, to order, to reserve ③ to entrust to ④ to rely on
卵 【たまご】① eggs, egg, spawn, roe ② hen egg ③ (an expert) in the making
塩 【しお】salt
可愛い 【かわいい】① cute, adorable, charming, lovely, pretty ② dear, precious, darling, pet ③ cute little, tiny
ころ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
ごろ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
匹 【ひき】① counter for small animals ② counter for rolls of cloth (two han in size) ③ roll of cloth
ありがとうThank you
良い 【いい】① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
良く 【よく】① nicely, properly, well, skillfully ② frequently, often
達 【たち】pluralizing suffix (esp. for people & animals; formerly honorific)
幾ら 【いくら】how much?, how many?
嫌い 【きらい】① dislike, hate ② suspicion, tendency, smack (of)
大丈夫 【だいじょうぶ】safe, all right, OK, okay
誰 【だれ】who
貼る 【はる】to stick, to paste, to affix
箸 【はし】chopsticks
弁当 【べんとう】bento (Japanese box lunch)
僕 【ぼく】① I, me ② you (used addressing young children) ③ manservant
嫌 【いや】disagreeable, detestable, unpleasant, reluctant
あのthat (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
あれ① that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly) ② that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors) ③ hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh? ④ that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
こちら① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
こっち① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
そしてand, and then, thus, and now
その① that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the ② um..., er..., uh...
それ① that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it ② that time, then
それからand then, after that
とても① very, awfully, exceedingly ② (before a negative form) (not) at all, by no means, simply (cannot)
どうhow, in what way, how about
どっち① which way, which direction, where ② which one (esp. of two alternatives) ③ who
やる① to do ② to have sexual intercourse ③ to kill ④ to give (to inferiors, animals, etc.) ⑤ to do for (inferiors) ⑥ to send (e.g. somebody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g. letter) (despatch) ⑦ to move (something to), to row (a boat) ⑧ (used in place of other verb) to have (eat, drink, smoke), to study, to run or operate (a restaurant)
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
ちょっと① just a minute, short time, just a little ② somewhat, easily, readily, rather ③ (before a verb in negative form) (will not) easily ④ hey!
いつも① always, usually, every time ② never (with neg. verb)
どちら① which way, which direction, where ② which one (esp. of two alternatives) ③ who
いくつ① how many? ② how old?
くれるto give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
ここ① here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place ② these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker) ③ these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
ことthing, matter, fact, circumstances, business, reason, experience
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
どうしてwhy?, for what reason, how, in what way, for what purpose, what for
うるさい① noisy, loud ② fussy ③ annoying, troublesome, tiresome, importunate ④ bossy
まずい① unappetising, unappetizing, unpleasant (taste, appearance, situation) ② unskillful, unskilful, bungling, clumsy ③ ugly, homely, plain, unattractive ④ awkward, untimely, inopportune, unfavorable, unwise
しかしhowever, but
またagain, and, also, still (doing something)
まだ① as yet, hitherto, still ② not yet (with negative verb)
どこ① where, what place ② how much (long, far), what extent
いかがhow, in what way, how about
このthis (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
きれい① pretty, lovely, beautiful, fair ② clean, clear, pure, tidy, neat ③ completely, entirely
醤油 【しょうゆ】soy sauce, shoyu
よう① (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) appearing ..., looking ... ② (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) way to ..., method of ...ing ③ (usu. after a noun) form, style, design ④ (usu. after a noun) like, similar to ⑤ thing (thought or spoken)
つけるto turn on, to switch on, to light up
そこ① there (place relatively near listener) ② there (place just mentioned), that place ③ then (of some incident just spoken of), that (of point just raised)
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
あんなsuch (about something or someone distant from both speaker and listener, or about a situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener), so, that, sort of
いらっしゃる① to come, to go, to be (somewhere) ② (after a -te form, or the particle "de") is (doing), are (doing)
うん① yeah, uh huh ② some (at the start of a number in place of a digit)
けどbut, however, although
さっきsome time ago
すっかりall, completely, thoroughly
ちゃんsuffix for familiar person
そろそろ① gradually, steadily, quietly, slowly ② soon, momentarily, before long, any time now
上がる 【あがる】① to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised ② to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in ③ to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade ④ to get out (of water), to come ashore ⑤ to increase ⑥ to improve, to make progress ⑦ to be promoted, to advance ⑧ to be made (of profit, etc.) ⑨ to occur (esp. of a favourable result) ⑩ to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.) ⑪ to be finished, to be done, to be over ⑫ (of rain) to stop, to lift ⑬ to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die ⑭ to win (in a card game, etc.) ⑮ to be arrested ⑯ to turn up (of evidence, etc.) ⑰ to be deep fried ⑱ to be spoken loudly ⑲ to get stage fright ⑳ to be offered (to the gods, etc.) ○ to go, to visit ○ to eat, to drink ○ to be listed (as a candidate) ○ to serve (in one's master's home) ○ (in Kyoto) to go north ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) indicates completion
日本 【にっぽん】Japan
なさいdo (imperative form often used after ~masu base of verbs)
プレゼント① present, gift ② to give a present or gift
以外 【いがい】with the exception of, excepting
家 【うち】① house, home (one's own) ② (one's) family, (one's) household
帰り 【かえり】return, coming back
気 【き】① spirit, mind, heart ② nature, disposition ③ motivation, intention ④ mood, feelings ⑤ atmosphere, essence
起こす 【おこす】to raise, to cause, to wake someone
急ぐ 【いそぐ】to hurry, to rush, to hasten, to make something happen sooner
見える 【みえる】① to be seen, to be in sight ② to look, to seem, to appear ③ to come
今度 【こんど】now, this time, next time, another time
今夜 【こんや】this evening, tonight
始める 【はじめる】① to start, to begin, to commence, to initiate, to originate ② to open (e.g. a store), to start up, to establish (business. etc.) ③ to start (doing something), to begin to ...
子 【こ】① child ② young (animal) ③ young woman, young geisha ④ offshoot ⑤ interest ⑥ new shares ⑦ (after a noun or -masu stem) -er (often of young women)
思い出す 【おもいだす】to recall, to remember
上手い 【うまい】① skillful, clever, expert, wise, successful ② delicious, appetizing, appetising ③ fortunate, splendid, promising
止める 【とめる】① to stop (something or someone), to turn off ② to concentrate on, to pay attention to ③ to remember, to bear in mind ④ to fix into place ⑤ to park, to leave somewhere for a time
試合 【しあい】match, game, bout, contest
時代 【じだい】① period, epoch, era, age ② the times, those days ③ oldness, ancientness, antiquity ④ antique, period piece
社長 【しゃちょう】company president, manager, director
食事 【しょくじ】① meal ② to eat
心 【こころ】① mind, heart, spirit ② the meaning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
親 【おや】① parent, parents ② dealer (in cards) ③ founder ④ (pet) owner
世話 【せわ】looking after, help, aid, assistance
生きる 【いきる】to live, to exist
大事 【だいじ】important, valuable, serious matter
注意 【ちゅうい】caution, being careful, attention (heed), warning, advice
通う 【かよう】① to go back and forth, to ply between ② to commute, to attend (school, church, etc.)
答え 【こたえ】response, reply, answer, solution
日 【ひ】① day, days ② sun, sunshine, sunlight ③ case (esp. unfortunate), event
入院 【にゅういん】hospitalization, hospitalisation
別 【べつ】distinction, difference, different, another, particular, separate, extra, exception
別に 【べつに】① (not) particularly, nothing ② separately, apart
味 【あじ】① flavor, flavour, taste ② charm, style ③ experience ④ smart, clever, witty, strange
音 【おと】① sound, noise, report ② note (music) ③ fame
工場 【こうじょう】factory, plant, mill, workshop
行う 【おこなう】to perform, to do, to conduct oneself, to carry out
代わり 【かわり】① substitute, deputy, proxy, alternate, relief, compensation, second helping ② in place of, as a substitute for
聞こえる 【きこえる】① to be heard, to be audible ② to be said to be, to be reputed
気持ち 【きもち】feeling, sensation, mood
回る 【まわる】① to turn, to revolve ② to visit several places ③ to function well ④ to pass a certain time
見つける 【みつける】① to discover, to find (e.g. an error in a book), to come across, to detect ② to locate, to find (e.g. something missing), to find fault ③ to be used to seeing, to be familiar with
別れる 【わかれる】to be divided, to part from, to separate, to bid farewell
客 【きゃく】① guest, visitor ② customer, client, shopper, spectator, audience, tourist, sightseer, passenger
泣く 【なく】to cry, to weep, to sob, to howl
近所 【きんじょ】neighbourhood, neighborhood
君 【くん】Mr (junior), master, boy
形 【かたち】① form, shape, figure ② visage
決める 【きめる】to decide
血 【ち】blood, consanguinity
お礼 【おれい】thanking, expression of gratitude
参る 【まいる】① to go, to come, to call ② to be defeated, to collapse, to die ③ to be annoyed, to be nonplussed ④ to be madly in love ⑤ to visit (shrine, grave)
残る 【のこる】to remain, to be left
指 【ゆび】finger, toe, digit
糸 【いと】thread, yarn, string
手伝う 【てつだう】to help, to assist, to take part in
勝つ 【かつ】to win, to gain victory
焼く 【やく】① to bake, to grill ② to develop (photos) ③ to suntan ④ to burn (in flames, down, CD, DVD, etc.), to scorch ⑤ to be jealous, to be envious
星 【ほし】① star, any light-emitting (or reflecting) heavenly body (except for the sun and the moon) ② suspect (police slang)
昔 【むかし】olden days, former
全然 【ぜんぜん】① not at all (with neg. verb) ② wholly, entirely, completely
息子 【むすこ】son
点 【てん】① spot, mark ② point, dot ③ mark (e.g. in exam), score, points ④ counter for goods or items
悲しい 【かなしい】sad, sorrowful
部長 【ぶちょう】① head (chief, director) of a section or department ② head of a (school) club, head of a (school) team
無理 【むり】unreasonable, impossible, overdoing
毛 【け】hair, fur
落ちる 【おちる】① to fall down, to drop ② to fail (e.g. exam) ③ to crash, to degenerate, to degrade ④ to fade, to come out (e.g. a stain)
理由 【りゆう】reason, pretext, motive
落とす 【おとす】① to drop, to lose, to let fall ② to clean off (dirt, makeup, paint, etc.), to remove (e.g. stains) ③ to download
決まる 【きまる】① to be decided, to be settled ② to look good in (clothes)
具合 【ぐあい】condition, state, manner, health
会議 【かいぎ】meeting, conference, session, assembly, council, convention, congress
慣れる 【なれる】① to grow accustomed to, to get too familiar with ② to become domesticated, to become tame
簡単 【かんたん】simple
関係 【かんけい】relation, connection
喜ぶ 【よろこぶ】① to be delighted, to be glad, to be pleased ② to congratulate ③ to gratefully accept
寄る 【よる】to visit, to drop in, to approach
久しぶり 【ひさしぶり】a long time (since the last time), it's been a while (since I last saw, mailed, etc., you)
最近 【さいきん】latest, most recent, nowadays
最後 【さいご】① last, end, conclusion ② (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga") no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences)
最初 【さいしょ】beginning, outset, first, onset
失礼 【しつれい】① discourtesy, impoliteness ② Excuse me, Goodbye ③ to leave ④ to be rude
捨てる 【すてる】to throw away, to cast aside, to abandon, to resign, to break up with (someone)
笑う 【わらう】① to laugh ② to smile ③ to sneer, to ridicule
席 【せき】① seat ② location (of a gathering, etc.), place ③ position, post
折る 【おる】to break, to fold, to pick flowers
続ける 【つづける】to continue, to keep up, to keep on
珍しい 【めずらしい】① unusual, rare, curious ② new, novel ③ fine (e.g. gift)
倒れる 【たおれる】① to fall, to collapse, to drop, to fall senseless ② to be forced to bed (by illness, etc.) ③ to die ④ to go bankrupt, to be ruined, to have a bad debt ⑤ to be defeated (in a game) ⑥ to fall (of governments, dictators, etc.)
逃げる 【にげる】to escape, to run away
泊まる 【とまる】① to stay at (e.g. hotel) ② to be docked, to be berthed, to be moored
比べる 【くらべる】① to compare, to make a comparison ② to compete, to vie
必ず 【かならず】always, without exception, necessarily, certainly, without fail, positively, invariably
付く 【つく】① to be attached, to be connected with, to adhere, to stick, to cling ② to remain imprinted, to scar, to stain, to dye ③ to bear (fruit, interest, etc.) ④ to be acquired (of a habit, ability, etc.), to increase (of strength, etc.) ⑤ to take root ⑥ to accompany, to attend, to follow, to study with ⑦ to side with, to belong to ⑧ to possess, to haunt ⑨ to be lit, to be lighted ⑩ to be settled, to be resolved, to be decided ⑪ to be given (of a name, price, etc.) ⑫ to be sensed, to be perceived ⑬ to be lucky ⑭ (after -masu stems, onomatopoeic and mimetic words) to become (a state, condition, etc.)
払う 【はらう】① to pay ② to brush, to wipe
変 【へん】① strange, odd, peculiar, weird, curious, queer, eccentric, funny, suspicious, fishy ② unexpected ③ change ④ incident, disturbance, disaster, accident ⑤ flat (music)
変わる 【かわる】to change, to be transformed, to vary, to be revised, to be different, to move location
亡くなる 【なくなる】to die
眠る 【ねむる】① to sleep (not necessarily lying down) ② to die
夢 【ゆめ】dream
戻る 【もどる】to turn back, to return, to go back, to recover, to rebound
約束 【やくそく】① arrangement, promise, appointment, pact, engagement ② convention, rule
踊る 【おどる】to dance (orig. a hopping dance)
優しい 【やさしい】tender, kind, gentle, graceful, affectionate, amiable, suave
裏 【うら】① bottom (or another side that is hidden from view), undersurface, opposite side, reverse side ② rear, back, behind (the house) ③ lining, inside ④ out of sight, behind the scenes ⑤ proof ⑥ opposite (of a prediction, common sense, etc.) ⑦ inverse (of a hypothesis, etc.) ⑧ bottom (of an inning), last half (of an inning)
冷える 【ひえる】to grow cold, to get chilly, to cool down
歴史 【れきし】history
連れる 【つれる】to lead, to take (a person)
連絡 【れんらく】① to contact, to get in touch ② contacting, getting in touch, communication, call, message ③ connection, coordination, junction ④ intercalary, intercalaris, internuncial
腕 【うで】① arm ② skill
怖い 【こわい】① scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful ② (I'm) afraid
増える 【ふえる】to increase, to multiply
背 【せ】① back, spine ② reverse, rear side ③ height ④ ridge (of a mountain)
挨拶 【あいさつ】① greeting, greetings, salutation, salute ② speech (congratulatory or appreciative), address ③ reply, response ④ a fine thing to say (used as part of a sarcastic response to a rude remark) ⑤ (orig. meaning) dialoging (with another Zen practitioner to ascertain their level of enlightenment)
為 【ため】① good, advantage, benefit, welfare ② sake, purpose, objective, aim ③ consequence, result, effect ④ affecting, regarding, concerning
一生懸命 【いっしょうけんめい】very hard, with utmost effort, with all one's might, for dear life
頑張る 【がんばる】to persist, to insist on, to stand firm, to try one's best
嬉しい 【うれしい】happy, glad, pleasant
謝る 【あやまる】to apologize, to apologise
趣味 【しゅみ】hobby, tastes, preference
田舎 【いなか】① rural area, countryside, the sticks ② hometown
味噌汁 【みそしる】miso soup
ご馳走 【ごちそう】① feast, treating (someone) ② to treat (someone, e.g. to a meal)
きっとsurely, undoubtedly, almost certainly, most likely (e.g. 90 percent)
こう① in this way (used for something or someone close to the speaker, including the speaker himself, or for the opinions of the speaker), thus, such ② uh... (interjection used as a verbal pause)
これからafter this
それでand, thereupon, because of that
それにbesides, moreover
もしif, in case, supposing
やっぱりalso, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
しばらく① little while, short while, moment, instant ② a while, quite a time ③ it's been a long time
しまうto finish, to close, to do something completely, to put away, to put an end to
すごい① terrible, dreadful ② amazing (e.g. of strength), great (e.g. of skills), wonderful, terrific ③ to a great extent, vast (in numbers)
とうとうfinally, at last, reaching a head
もらう① to receive, to take, to accept ② to get somebody to do something (follows a verb in "te" form)
わけconclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard, reason, cause, meaning, circumstances, situation
まま① as it is, as one likes, because, as ② condition, state
しっかりfirmly, tightly, reliable, level-headed, steady
なかなか① very, considerably, easily, readily, fairly, quite, highly, rather ② by no means (with negative verb)
ひどいcruel, awful, severe, very bad, serious, terrible, heavy, violent
いらっしゃい① (used as a polite imperative) come, go, stay ② welcome!
お前 【おまえ】① you (masc) (formerly honorific, now sometimes derog. term referring to an equal or inferior) ② presence (of a god, nobleman, etc.)
こんなにso, like this, in this way
たっぷりfull, in plenty, ample
ちゃんとperfectly, properly, exactly
だって① after all, because ② but, however ③ even, even if ④ too, as well, also ⑤ they say, I hear, you mean
どうせanyhow, in any case, at any rate, after all, at best, at most, at all
なんかthings like ..., or something like that ... (often derogatory)
まあyou might say, Oh!, Wow!, Well!
何とか 【なんとか】① something, something or other, so-and-so ② somehow, anyhow, one way or another
金 【きん】① gold, golden (color), metaphor for (most) valuable, gold (medal, cup) ② money (written before an amount) ③ Friday ④ metal (fourth of the five elements) ⑤ Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE) ⑥ gold general (shogi) ⑦ karat, carat
週 【しゅう】week
上 【じょう】① from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of ② aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above ③ first volume (e.g. book) ④ superior quality, best, top, high class ⑤ going up ⑥ governmental, imperial ⑦ presenting, showing
人生 【じんせい】(human) life (i.e. conception to death)
生 【なま】① raw, uncooked, fresh ② natural, unedited, unprocessed, crude ③ live (i.e. not recorded) ④ inexperienced, unpolished, green ⑤ impudence, sauciness ⑥ unpasteurized beer, draft beer, draught beer ⑦ partially, somewhat, half-, semi-
大した 【たいした】considerable, great, important, significant, a big deal
中学 【ちゅうがく】middle school, junior high school
年間 【ねんかん】year (period of)
本人 【ほんにん】the person himself
毎 【ごと】each respectively
名 【な】name, reputation
ただ今 【ただいま】① Here I am, I'm home! ② presently, right away, right now, just now
話しかける 【はなしかける】to accost a person, to talk (to someone)
食う 【くう】① to eat ② to live, to make a living, to survive ③ to bite, to sting (as insects do) ④ to tease, to torment, to taunt, to make light of, to make fun of ⑤ to encroach on, to eat into, to consume ⑥ to defeat a superior, to threaten a position ⑦ to consume time and-or resources ⑧ to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
何で 【なんで】① why?, what for? ② how?, by what means?
中 【ちゅう】① medium, average, middle ② moderation ③ middle school ④ China ⑤ in, out of (e.g. three out of ten people) ⑥ during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while
あんなにto that extent, to that degree
そんなにso much, so, like that
みたい-like, sort of, similar to, resembling
大 【おお】big, large
大 【だい】① the large part of ② big, large, great ③ approximate size, no larger than ④ -university ⑤ large (e.g. serving size), loud (e.g. volume setting)
後 【ご】after
以来 【いらい】since, henceforth
歌手 【かしゅ】singer
思わず 【おもわず】unintentionally, reflexively, spontaneously, involuntarily, instinctively
重大 【じゅうだい】serious, important, significant, grave, weighty
出会い 【であい】meeting, rendezvous, encounter
世の中 【よのなか】society, the world, the times
切れる 【きれる】① to cut well, to be sharp ② to break (off), to snap, to wear out ③ to be injured ④ to burst, to collapse ⑤ to be disconnected, to be out of, to expire, to sever (connections) with ⑥ to be shrewd, to have a sharp mind ⑦ to drop under (a certain figure), to beat (e.g. a time) ⑧ to flip, to lose one's temper ⑨ to be able to do completely
台 【だい】① stand, rack, table ② support ③ belt ④ counter for machines, incl. vehicles ⑤ setting (e.g. in jewellery)
地方 【ちほう】① area, locality, district, region, province ② countryside, rural area ③ coast (esp. as seen from the water) ④ person singing ballads in Noh, person in charge of music in a Japanese dance performance
注文 【ちゅうもん】order, request
度 【たび】time (three times, each time, etc.), times
売れる 【うれる】① to sell (well) ② to be well known, to be popular, to be famous
風 【ふう】① method, manner, way, style ② appearance, air ③ tendency ④ folk song (genre of the Shi Jing) ⑤ wind (one of the five elements)
文 【ぶん】sentence, text
母親 【ははおや】mother
思い出 【おもいで】memories, recollections, reminiscence
少々 【しょうしょう】just a minute, small quantity
始まり 【はじまり】origin, beginning
元 【もと】former, ex-
引退 【いんたい】retire
営業 【えいぎょう】business, trade, sales, operations
加える 【くわえる】to append, to sum up, to add (up), to include, to increase, to inflict
幸い 【さいわい】happiness, blessedness
高速 【こうそく】① high speed, high gear ② highway, freeway, expressway, motorway
合わせる 【あわせる】① to match (rhythm, speed, etc.) ② to join together, to unite, to combine, to add up ③ to face, to be opposite (someone) ④ to compare, to check with ⑤ to cause to meet (e.g. an unpleasant fate) ⑥ to place together, to connect, to overlap ⑦ to mix, to combine ⑧ to put blade to blade, to fight
今回 【こんかい】now, this time, lately
自然 【しぜん】① nature, spontaneity ② naturally, spontaneously
ところで① by the way, incidentally ② even if, no matter (who, what, when, where, why, how)
全く 【まったく】① really, truly, entirely, completely, wholly, perfectly ② indeed ③ good grief (expression of exasperation)
相手 【あいて】① companion, partner, company ② other party, addressee ③ opponent (sports, etc.)
単に 【たんに】simply, merely, only, solely
追う 【おう】① to chase, to run after, to pursue ② to follow (i.e. a set order, a trend) ③ to drive out, to oust, to expel ④ to drive (i.e. a herd) ⑤ (in passive voice) to be pressed (for time, etc.)
通す 【とおす】to let pass, to overlook, to continue, to keep, to make way for, to persist in
波 【なみ】wave
馬 【うま】① horse ② promoted bishop (shogi)