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vocabulary for N2


427 entriesCreated by Cihan K. — Last modified: 2017-04-30 22:21:14
母 【はは】mother
木 【き】tree, wood, timber
日 【にち】① Sunday ② day (of the month) ③ counter for days
月 【つき】① moon ② month
勤める 【つとめる】① to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in) ② to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of) ③ to conduct a religious service
黄色 【きいろ】yellow, amber
お菓子 【おかし】confections, sweets, candy
一緒 【いっしょ】① together ② at the same time ③ same, identical
皆 【みな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
皆 【みんな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
机 【つくえ】desk
喫茶店 【きっさてん】coffee lounge, coffee shop, (rather formal) cafe
吸う 【すう】① to smoke, to breathe in, to inhale ② to suck, to sip, to slurp ③ to absorb, to soak up ④ to kiss
牛乳 【ぎゅうにゅう】(cow's) milk
狭い 【せまい】narrow, confined, small
靴 【くつ】shoes, footwear
降る 【ふる】to precipitate, to fall (e.g. rain)
座る 【すわる】① to sit, to squat ② to assume (a position) ③ to hold steady, to hold still
歳 【さい】① -years-old ② ability, gift, talent, aptitude, genius
雑誌 【ざっし】journal, magazine, periodical
授業 【じゅぎょう】lesson, class work
辛い 【からい】① spicy, hot ② salty ③ tough (on someone), adverse, harsh
辛い 【つらい】painful, bitter, heart-breaking
切符 【きっぷ】ticket
洗濯 【せんたく】washing, laundry
窓 【まど】window
渡す 【わたす】① to ferry across (a river, etc.), to carry across, to traverse ② to lay across, to build across ③ to hand over, to hand in, to pass, to give, to transfer
晩 【ばん】① evening ② counter for nights
彼 【かれ】① he, him ② boyfriend
封筒 【ふうとう】envelope
忙しい 【いそがしい】busy, hectic, occupied, engaged
枚 【まい】counter for flat objects (e.g. sheets of paper)
卵 【たまご】① eggs, egg, spawn, roe ② hen egg ③ (an expert) in the making
涼しい 【すずしい】cool (of weather), refreshing
匹 【ひき】① counter for small animals ② counter for rolls of cloth (two han in size) ③ roll of cloth
あれ① that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly) ② that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors) ③ hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh? ④ that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
honourable, honorable
土 【つち】① earth, soil, dirt ② the earth (historically, esp. as opposed to the heavens), the ground, the land ③ low-quality torinoko-gami (containing mud) ④ (period of) refraining from construction in the direction of the god of the earth (in On'youdou)
月 【がつ】month (of the year), used after number or question word (e.g. nan or nani)
意思 【いし】intention, purpose
品 【しな】① thing, article, goods ② dignity, class, quality ③ counter for meal courses ④ flirtatiousness, coquetry
幸福 【こうふく】happiness, blessedness
小麦 【こむぎ】wheat
秒 【びょう】second (60th min)
依頼 【いらい】① request, commission, dispatch, despatch ② dependence, trust
偉い 【えらい】① great, excellent, admirable, remarkable, distinguished, important, celebrated, famous, eminent ② awful, terrible
胃 【い】① stomach ② Chinese "stomach" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
衣服 【いふく】clothes
一般 【いっぱん】general, liberal, universal, ordinary, average
鋭い 【するどい】pointed, sharp
演劇 【えんげき】play (theatrical)
煙 【けむり】smoke, fumes
煙突 【えんとつ】chimney, smokestack, funnel (of a ship), stovepipe
温泉 【おんせん】spa, hot spring, onsen
乾燥 【かんそう】dry, arid, insipid, dehydrated
完了 【かんりょう】① completion, conclusion ② perfective (form, aspect)
含む 【ふくむ】① to contain, to comprise, to have, to hold, to include, to embrace ② to hold in the mouth ③ to bear in mind, to understand, to harbor (grudge, etc.), to harbour ④ to express (emotion, etc.), to imply
気の毒 【きのどく】pitiful, unfortunate, (a) pity
疑問 【ぎもん】question, problem, doubt, guess
吸収 【きゅうしゅう】absorption, suction, attraction
巨大 【きょだい】huge, gigantic, enormous
共に 【ともに】sharing with, participate in, both, alike, together, along with, with, including
叫ぶ 【さけぶ】to shout, to cry
恐怖 【きょうふ】fear, dread, dismay, terror
胸 【むね】breast, chest
掘る 【ほる】to dig, to excavate
傾向 【けいこう】tendency, trend, inclination
敬意 【けいい】respect, honour, honor
警告 【けいこく】warning, advice
劇 【げき】① drama, play ② powerful drug
券 【けん】ticket, coupon, bond, certificate
権利 【けんり】right, privilege
肩 【かた】shoulder
賢い 【かしこい】wise, clever, smart
減らす 【へらす】to abate, to decrease, to diminish, to shorten
枯れる 【かれる】to wither (plant), to be blasted, to die
互い 【たがい】mutual, reciprocal
誤解 【ごかい】misunderstanding
交換 【こうかん】exchange, interchange, switching, reciprocity, barter, substitution, replacement, clearing (of checks, cheques)
硬貨 【こうか】coin
腰 【こし】① back, lower back, waist, hips, lumbar region ② body (of hair, noodle, paper, etc.), resilience, spring
骨 【ほね】bone
困難 【こんなん】difficulty, distress
混乱 【こんらん】disorder, chaos, confusion, mayhem
時刻 【じこく】instant, time, moment
辞める 【やめる】to resign, to retire, to quit, to leave (one's job, etc.)
手段 【しゅだん】means, way, measure
宿泊 【しゅくはく】lodging
署名 【しょめい】signature
諸 【しょ】various, many, several
女優 【じょゆう】actress
除く 【のぞく】to remove, to exclude, to except
照らす 【てらす】to shine on, to illuminate
昇る 【のぼる】① to ascend, to go up, to climb ② to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise ③ to go to (the capital) ④ to be promoted ⑤ to add up to ⑥ to advance (in price) ⑦ to swim up (a river), to sail up ⑧ to come up (on the agenda)
城 【しろ】castle
状況 【じょうきょう】state of affairs (around you), situation, circumstances
触れる 【ふれる】① to touch, to feel ② to experience, to come in contact with, to be emotionally moved (by), to perceive ③ to touch on a subject, to allude to ④ to be in conflict (with), to violate (law, copyright, etc.) ⑤ to proclaim
食欲 【しょくよく】appetite (for food)
伸びる 【のびる】① to stretch, to extend, to lengthen, to spread ② to make progress, to grow (beard, body height) ③ to grow stale (soba) ④ to be straightened, to be flattened, to be smoothed ⑤ to be exhausted ⑥ to be postponed, to be prolonged
信頼 【しんらい】reliance, trust, faith, confidence
心臓 【しんぞう】heart
深刻 【しんこく】serious
針 【はり】① needle, pin, hook ② stinger, thorn ③ hand (e.g. clock, etc.), pointer ④ staple (for a stapler) ⑤ needlework, sewing ⑥ malice ⑦ counter for stitches
震える 【ふるえる】to shiver, to shake, to quake, to tremble, to quaver, to quiver
占める 【しめる】① to comprise (some part of the whole), to account for, to make up (of) ② to hold, to occupy
双子 【ふたご】twins, a twin
存じる 【ぞんじる】to think, feel, consider, know, etc.
尊敬 【そんけい】respect, esteem, reverence, honour, honor
袋 【ふくろ】① bag, sack ② skin of an orange (and other like fruits) ③ dead end ④ plot of land surrounded by water
大層 【たいそう】very much, exaggerated, very fine
担当 【たんとう】(in) charge (of an area of responsibility, but not necessarily supervision of staff)
地域 【ちいき】area, region
遅刻 【ちこく】lateness, late coming
仲良し 【なかよし】intimate friend, close friend, bosom buddy, chum
著者 【ちょしゃ】author (usu. of a particular book, etc.), writer
頂上 【ちょうじょう】top, summit, peak
沈む 【しずむ】to sink, to feel depressed
泥 【どろ】mud
怒鳴る 【どなる】to shout, to yell
党 【とう】① party (political) ② faction, -ite
塔 【とう】tower, pagoda
到着 【とうちゃく】arrival
頭痛 【ずつう】headache
動詞 【どうし】verb
毒 【どく】poison, toxicant
突然 【とつぜん】abrupt, sudden, unexpected, all at once
認める 【みとめる】① to recognize, to recognise, to appreciate ② to observe, to notice ③ to admit, to approve
燃える 【もえる】to burn, to get fired up
悩む 【なやむ】to be worried, to be troubled
背 【せい】height, stature
爆発 【ばくはつ】explosion, detonation, eruption
販売 【はんばい】sales, selling, marketing
皮膚 【ひふ】skin
被害 【ひがい】damage
貧しい 【まずしい】poor, needy
普段 【ふだん】usual, habitual, ordinary, everyday, always
浮かべる 【うかべる】① to float ② to express, to look (sad, glad) ③ to think, to imagine, to remember
幅 【はば】width, breadth
服装 【ふくそう】garments, attire
腹 【はら】① abdomen, belly, stomach ② one's mind, one's real intentions, one's true motive ③ loop (physics) ④ counter for hard roe
粉 【こな】flour, meal, powder
暮らす 【くらす】① to live, to get along ② to spend (time)
宝 【たから】treasure
宝石 【ほうせき】gem, jewel
訪問 【ほうもん】call, visit
棒 【ぼう】pole, rod, stick
埋める 【うめる】① to bury (e.g. in the ground) ② to fill up (e.g. audience fills a hall), to fill (a seat, a vacant position) ③ to plug gaps, to stop a gap ④ to make amends, to cover up for something ⑤ to put cold water in a bath ⑥ to cover, to scatter something over
面倒 【めんどう】trouble, difficulty, care, attention
預かる 【あずかる】① to look after, to take care of, to keep, to hold on to, to keep in custody ② to take charge of, to be entrusted with, to receive on deposit ③ to reserve (judgment), to leave undecided
涙 【なみだ】① tear, tears, lachrymal secretion ② sympathy
恋 【こい】love, tender passion
論じる 【ろんじる】to argue, to discuss, to debate
論文 【ろんぶん】thesis, essay, treatise, paper, article
永久 【えいきゅう】① eternity, perpetuity, immortality ② Eikyuu era (1113.7.13-1118.4.3)
灯 【ひ】light, lamp
鈍い 【にぶい】dull (e.g. a knife), thickheaded, obtuse, slow, stupid
乾杯 【かんぱい】① toast, drink (in celebration or in honor of something) ② drinking one's glass dry ③ cheers
年齢 【ねんれい】age, years
雇う 【やとう】① to employ ② to hire, to charter
寝 【ね】sleep
泊 【はく】counter for nights of a stay
論 【ろん】① argument, discussion, dispute, controversy, discourse, debate ② theory, doctrine ③ essay, treatise, comment
軒 【けん】houses, buildings
案 【あん】① idea, plan, thought ② draft plan, motion, rough copy ③ expectation
異なる 【ことなる】to differ, to vary, to disagree
宇宙 【うちゅう】universe, cosmos, space
応じる 【おうじる】to respond, to satisfy, to accept, to comply with, to apply for
改善 【かいぜん】① betterment, improvement ② kaizen (Japanese business philosophy of continuous improvement)
環境 【かんきょう】environment, circumstance
結論 【けつろん】conclusion
健康 【けんこう】health, sound, wholesome
修理 【しゅうり】repairing, mending, servicing
上司 【じょうし】superior authorities, boss
条件 【じょうけん】condition, conditions, term, terms, requirement, requirements
善 【ぜん】good, goodness, right, virtue
操作 【そうさ】① operation, management, processing ② manipulating to one's benefit ③ to operate ④ to manipulate, to fiddle (e.g. the books)
逮捕 【たいほ】arrest, apprehension, capture
俳優 【はいゆう】actor, actress, player, performer
発展 【はってん】① development, growth, advancement, unfurling ② expansion, extension, enlargement ③ playing around, having an active sex life
批判 【ひはん】criticism, judgement, judgment, comment
批評 【ひひょう】criticism, review, commentary
比較 【ひかく】comparison
比較的 【ひかくてき】comparative, relative
評価 【ひょうか】① valuation, estimation, assessment, evaluation ② to value, to assess, to estimate value ③ to appreciate, to value highly, to acknowledge the value (of something)
保存 【ほぞん】preservation, conservation, storage, saving (e.g., to disk), maintenance
厄介 【やっかい】trouble, burden, care, bother, worry, dependence, support, kindness, obligation
値 【あたい】① price, cost ② value, worth, merit ③ variable (computer programming, programing) ④ value, count, number ⑤ to have value, to have merit
保証 【ほしょう】guarantee, security, assurance, pledge, warranty
基づく 【もとづく】to be grounded on, to be based on, to be due to, to originate from
恵まれる 【めぐまれる】to be blessed with, to be rich in, to abound in
品 【ひん】① thing, article, goods ② dignity, class, quality ③ counter for meal courses ④ flirtatiousness, coquetry
貝 【かい】shell, shellfish
原 【はら】field, plain, prairie, tundra, moor, wilderness
電柱 【でんちゅう】telephone pole, telegraph pole, lightpole
畑 【はたけ】① field (for fruits, vegetables, etc.), cultivated land, vegetable plot, kitchen garden, plantation ② field (of specialization), sphere, area
医療 【いりょう】medical care, medical treatment
乾電池 【かんでんち】dry cell, battery
官庁 【かんちょう】government office, authorities
甘やかす 【あまやかす】to pamper, to spoil
気圧 【きあつ】atmospheric pressure
詰まる 【つまる】① to be blocked, to be packed ② to hit the ball near the handle of the bat (baseball)
給与 【きゅうよ】pay, salary, wages, allowance, grant, supply
挟まる 【はさまる】to get between, to be caught in
群れ 【むれ】group, crowd, flock, herd, bevy, school, swarm, cluster (of stars), clump
敬語 【けいご】honorific, term of respect
警備 【けいび】defense, defence, guard, policing, security
県庁 【けんちょう】prefectural office
軒 【のき】① eaves ② narrow aisle surrounding the core of a temple building
口紅 【くちべに】lipstick
更ける 【ふける】to get late, to advance, to wear on
耕す 【たがやす】to till, to plow, to plough, to cultivate
肯定 【こうてい】positive, affirmation
鉱物 【こうぶつ】mineral
脂 【あぶら】fat, tallow, lard, grease
時間割 【じかんわり】timetable, schedule
自宅 【じたく】one's home
失恋 【しつれん】disappointed love, broken heart, unrequited love, being lovelorn
湿る 【しめる】to be wet, to become wet, to be damp
終了 【しゅうりょう】end, close, termination
純情 【じゅんじょう】pure heart, naivete, self-sacrificing devotion
照る 【てる】to shine
寝坊 【ねぼう】sleeping in late
針金 【はりがね】wire
水滴 【すいてき】drop of water
姓 【せい】① surname, family name ② hereditary title (used in ancient Japan to denote rank and political standing)
政党 【せいとう】political party
泉 【いずみ】spring, fountain
浅い 【あさい】shallow, superficial
掃く 【はく】to sweep, to brush, to gather up
憎い 【にくい】① hateful, abominable, poor-looking, detestable ② (with irony) lovely, lovable, wonderful, etc.
宅 【たく】house, home, husband
昼寝 【ひるね】nap (afternoon), siesta
貯蔵 【ちょぞう】storage, preservation
超過 【ちょうか】excess, being more than
定期券 【ていきけん】commuter pass, season ticket
頭脳 【ずのう】head, brains, intellect
濃度 【のうど】① concentration, thickness, density ② cardinality
破片 【はへん】fragment, splinter, broken piece
革 【かわ】leather
並行 【へいこう】(going) side by side, concurrent, abreast, at the same time, occurring together, parallel, parallelism
閉会 【へいかい】closure (of a ceremony, event, meeting, etc.)
募集 【ぼしゅう】recruiting, taking applications
包装 【ほうそう】packing, wrapping
名刺 【めいし】business card
名詞 【めいし】noun
溶岩 【ようがん】lava
乱暴 【らんぼう】rude, violent, rough, lawless, unreasonable, reckless
裏返す 【うらがえす】to turn inside out, to turn the other way, to turn (something) over
粒 【つぶ】grain, bead
冷凍 【れいとう】freezing, cold storage, refrigeration
湾 【わん】bay, gulf, inlet
値 【ね】① price, cost ② value, worth, merit ③ variable (computer programming, programing) ④ value, count, number ⑤ to have value, to have merit
鈍い 【のろい】dull (e.g. a knife), thickheaded, obtuse, slow, stupid
交替 【こうたい】alternation, change, relief, relay, shift, substitution (sports, etc.)
採る 【とる】① to adopt (measure, proposal) ② to pick (fruit), to catch (insects), to take (e.g. a sample) ③ to assume (attitude) ④ to take on (i.e. hire), to engage
歯磨き 【はみがき】① dental brushing, brushing one's teeth ② dentifrice, toothpaste, tooth powder
万歳 【ばんざい】① crying "banzai" (or raising one's hands in the banzai gesture) ② something worthy of celebration ③ giving up ④ banzai (a celebratory cheer), hurrah (hooray, hurray)
欧米 【おうべい】Europe and America, the West
段 【だん】① step, stair, (flight of) steps, (row of) stitches, columns (of print) ② grade, rank, level ③ counter for breaks in written language (or speech, etc.)
辛い 【づらい】difficult to (do something)
案外 【あんがい】unexpectedly
応対 【おうたい】receiving, dealing with
拡充 【かくじゅう】expansion
看病 【かんびょう】nursing (a patient)
器械 【きかい】① machine, mechanism ② instrument, appliance, apparatus
研修 【けんしゅう】training (esp. in-service), induction course
司会 【しかい】chairmanship, leading a meeting
循環 【じゅんかん】circulation, rotation, cycle
蒸し暑い 【むしあつい】humid, sultry
酔っ払い 【よっぱらい】drunkard
節 【ふし】① joint, knuckle ② tune, melody ③ knot (in wood), node in a bamboo stem ④ part, notable characteristic
体操 【たいそう】gymnastics, physical exercises, calisthenics
彫刻 【ちょうこく】carving, engraving, sculpture
標準 【ひょうじゅん】standard, level, norm
標本 【ひょうほん】example, specimen, sample
普及 【ふきゅう】diffusion, spread
牧畜 【ぼくちく】stock-farming
幼稚園 【ようちえん】kindergarten
整う 【ととのう】to be prepared, to be in order, to be put in order, to be arranged
木 【もく】① Thursday ② wood (first of the five elements)
主 【おも】① chief, main, principal, important ② main secondary or supporting role (in kyogen)
原 【げん】original, primitive, primary, fundamental, raw
権 【けん】authority, right (to do something)
殿 【しんがり】① rear, rear unit guard ② anchor (man)
符号 【ふごう】sign, mark, symbol, code
了 【りょう】finish, completion, understanding
刺 【とげ】thorn, splinter, spine, biting words
途 【と】way
介抱 【かいほう】nursing, looking after
供 【とも】companion, follower, attendant, retinue
群 【ぐん】① group (of animals) ② group
健やか 【すこやか】vigorous, healthy, sound
基 【もと】base, foundation
故 【こ】the late (deceased)
故 【ゆえ】reason, cause, circumstances
公 【おおやけ】official, public, formal, open, governmental
公演 【こうえん】① public performance ② sumo exhibition in a foreign country
荒廃 【こうはい】ruin, destruction, devastation, waste, decay
志 【こころざし】will, intention, motive
志望 【しぼう】wish, desire, ambition
脂肪 【しぼう】fat, grease, blubber
主 【しゅ】① (one's) master ② Lord (Christian ref. to Jesus or God) ③ the main thing, the majority, the primary concern
主 【ぬし】① head (of a household, etc.), leader, master ② owner, proprietor, proprietress ③ subject (of a rumour, etc.), doer (of a deed) ④ guardian spirit (e.g. long-resident beast, usu. with mystical powers), long-time resident (or employee, etc.) ⑤ husband ⑥ you
収支 【しゅうし】income and expenditure
節 【せつ】① occasion, time ② section (of a literary work), verse, stanza ③ node (of a plant stem) ④ clause ⑤ (taxonomical) section
捜査 【そうさ】search (esp. in criminal investigations), investigation, inquiry, enquiry
恥 【はじ】shame, embarrassment
倒産 【とうさん】(corporate) bankruptcy, insolvency, commercial failure, failed business
冬眠 【とうみん】hibernation, winter sleep
筒 【つつ】① pipe, tube, cylinder ② gun barrel ③ gun
難 【なん】difficulty, hardships, defect
乳 【ちち】① milk ② breast ③ loop ④ decorative bump (on a hanging bell)
脳 【のう】brain, memory
杯 【さかずき】sake cup, cup for alcoholic beverages
薄弱 【はくじゃく】feebleness, weakness, weak
封 【ふう】seal
封建 【ほうけん】feudalistic
福 【ふく】good fortune
保険 【ほけん】insurance, guarantee
埋める 【うずめる】① to cover, to bury (e.g. one's face in hands), to submerge ② to fill (completely), to stuff, to pack, to cram, to fill up
優 【ゆう】① gentle ② elegant, classy ③ superior, skilled ④ excellent (in marking, grading, etc.) ⑤ actor
欲 【よく】greed, craving, desire, avarice, wants
蔵 【くら】warehouse, cellar, magazine, granary, godown, depository, treasury, elevator
探検 【たんけん】exploration, expedition
届 【とどけ】report, notification, registration
並 【なみ】average, medium, common, ordinary
割 【わり】① rate, ratio, proportion, percentage ② profit ③ assignment ④ 10%, unit of ten percent ⑤ sumo match, schedule of sumo matches ⑥ diluted with (of drinks), mixed with
著 【ちょ】① work, book ② (a book) by ③ obvious, striking
異 【い】① difference (of opinion) ② strange, odd, unusual ③ different
条 【じょう】① article (in document), provision ② stripe, streak, line
被 【ひ】indicates the target of an activity
基 【もとい】cause
汚れる 【けがれる】to be violated, to be corrupted, to be polluted, to be stained
こつknack, skill, trick, secret, know-how, the ropes, hang
ちょうsuper-, ultra-, hyper-, very, really (conversational)
頂 【いただき】crown (of head), summit (of mountain), spire
日 【か】① day of month ② counter for days
月 【げつ】Monday
土 【ど】① Saturday ② earth (third of the five elements)
言 【げん】word, remark, statement
主 【あるじ】head (of a household), proprietor (of a store), proprietress, landlord, landlady, master (of a servant)
黄 【き】yellow
柱 【はしら】① pillar, post ② support, prop, mainstay ③ counter for buddhas, gods, nobles, etc.
麦 【むぎ】wheat, barley, oat (oats)
畑 【はた】① field (for fruits, vegetables, etc.), cultivated land, vegetable plot, kitchen garden, plantation ② field (of specialization), sphere, area
黄色 【こうしょく】yellow, amber
黄色 【おうしょく】yellow, amber
勤 【きん】be fit for, be equal to, serve
勤 【ごん】be fit for, be equal to, serve
衣 【ころも】① clothes, garment ② gown, robe ③ coating (e.g. glaze, batter, icing)
煙 【けぶり】smoke, fumes
煙 【けむ】smoke, fumes
煙 【けぶ】smoke, fumes
降る 【くだる】① to descend, to go down, to come down ② to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.) ③ to pass (of time) ④ to surrender, to capitulate ⑤ (often in neg. form) to be less than, to be inferior to ⑥ to have the runs, to have diarrhea
仮 【かり】① temporary, provisional, interim ② fictitious, assumed (name), alias
割 【かつ】divide, cut, halve, separate, split, rip, break, crack, smash, dilute
換気 【かんき】ventilation
刻 【こく】① archaic period of time (usu. a period of approx. two hours corresponding to one of the signs of the Chinese zodiac) ② carving, engraving, cutting, mincing ③ victory ④ strictness, cruelty
座 【ざ】① seat, one's place, position ② attaches to the names of theatres and constellations
緒 【いとぐち】thread end, beginning, clue
脂 【やに】① resin ② (tobacco) resin, tar, nicotine ③ sleep (in one's eyes, i.e. eye mucus)
誌 【し】magazine
緒 【お】cord, strap, thong
娘 【じょう】① unmarried woman ② (after a name) Miss ③ (after a line of work) -ess, -ette
姓 【しょう】① surname, family name ② hereditary title (used in ancient Japan to denote rank and political standing)
姓 【そう】① surname, family name ② hereditary title (used in ancient Japan to denote rank and political standing)
双 【ふた】pair, set
層 【そう】① layer, seam, bed, stream, class ② sheaf ③ storey (of a building), story, floor
尊 【そん】① zun (ancient Chinese wine vessel, usu. made of bronze) ② counter for buddhas
鈍い 【おそい】① slow ② late (e.g. "late at night") ③ too late
庁 【ちょう】government office, agency, board
珍 【ちん】rare, curious, strange
滴 【しずく】drop (of water), drip
殿 【どの】form of address used for official letters and business letters, and in letters to inferiors, Mr
途 【みち】① road, street, way, path, course, route, lane ② distance, ways (e.g. "a long ways") ③ the way (of proper conduct, etc.), one's way, morals ④ teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma ⑤ field (of medicine, etc.), subject ⑥ way, method, means
したためるto write up
歳 【とし】① year ② age
段 【たん】① variable measure of fabric (28.8 cm in width), for kimonos: at least 10 m in length, for haori: at least 7.27 m in length, for other clothes: at least 6.06 m in length ② 300 tsubo (991.74 meters square, 0.24506 acres) ③ six ken (10.91 m)
粉 【こ】flour, meal, powder
兵 【つわもの】① soldier, warrior ② strong man, exceptional person, man of courage
忙しい 【せわしい】busy, hectic, occupied, engaged
万歳 【まんざい】strolling comic dancer
余 【よ】over, more than
零 【れい】zero, nought
齢 【よわい】(one's) age
永久 【とこしえ】① eternity, perpetuity, immortality ② Eikyuu era (1113.7.13-1118.4.3)
永久 【とわ】① eternity, perpetuity, immortality ② Eikyuu era (1113.7.13-1118.4.3)
紅 【くれない】① deep red, crimson ② rouge, lipstick
紅 【べに】① deep red, crimson ② rouge, lipstick
灯 【とう】① light, lamp ② counter for electric lights
灯 【ともしび】light, lamp
匹 【き】① counter for small animals ② counter for rolls of cloth (two han in size) ③ roll of cloth
貧 【ひん】poverty, becoming poor, living in poverty
曇 【くもり】cloudiness, cloudy weather, shadow
蔵 【そう】possession, ownership
万歳 【ばんぜい】① crying "banzai" (or raising one's hands in the banzai gesture) ② something worthy of celebration ③ giving up ④ banzai (a celebratory cheer), hurrah (hooray, hurray)
純 【じゅん】pure, innocent, chaste
香 【きょう】lance (shogi)
域 【いき】region, limits, stage, level
将 【しょう】commander, general, leader
舞 【まい】dancing, dance
良 【りょう】① good ② B grade (in an A, B, C ... system)
なまくら① blunt (e.g. sword), dull ② lazy, cowardly, good for nothing
杯 【はい】① sake cup, cup for alcoholic beverages ② counter for cupfuls ③ counter for ships, octopuses and squid
柔 【やわ】poorly-built, weak, insubstantial
減 【げん】reduction
翌 【よく】the following, next
兵 【へい】① (common) soldier, rank and file ② army, troops ③ warfare, strategy
たまoccasional, rare
城 【じょう】castle (in place names)
署 【しょ】station (esp. a police station), office (i.e. tax office)
こわfrightening, terrifying
衣 【きぬ】clothing;
片 【ひら】flake, whisp
標 【しるし】① mark ② symbol ③ evidence
仮に 【かりに】temporarily, provisionally, for example, for argument's sake
健 【けん】health, strength, stick-to-itiveness
修理 【しゅり】repairing, mending, servicing
修理 【すり】repairing, mending, servicing
操 【みさお】chastity, fidelity, honour, honor, faith
評 【ひょう】criticism, commentary, a council
保 【ほ】guarantee
環 【わ】① ring, circle, loop ② hoop ③ wheel ④ circle (e.g. of friends)
価 【あたい】① price, cost ② value, worth, merit ③ variable (computer programming, programing) ④ value, count, number ⑤ to have value, to have merit
頑張って 【がんばって】hold on, go for it, keep at it
宙 【ちゅう】space, air, midair
展 【てん】exhibition, exhibit