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JLPT 5 verbs


111 entriesCreated by Ross R. — Last modified: 2012-08-12 16:52:55
飲む 【のむ】① to drink, to gulp, to swallow ② to smoke (tobacco) ③ to engulf, to overwhelm ④ to keep down, to suppress ⑤ to accept (e.g. demand, condition) ⑥ to make light of, to conceal
休む 【やすむ】① to be absent, to take a day off ② to rest, to have a break ③ to go to bed, to (lie down to) sleep, to turn in, to retire ④ to stop doing some ongoing activity for a time, to suspend business
見せる 【みせる】to show, to display
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
出す 【だす】① to take out, to get out ② to put out, to reveal, to show ③ to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in ④ to publish, to make public ⑤ to send (e.g. letter) ⑥ to produce (a sound), to start (fire) ⑦ to serve (food) ⑧ to begin
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
出来る 【できる】① to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task ② to be ready, to be completed ③ to be made, to be built ④ to be good at, to be permitted (to do) ⑤ to become intimate, to take up (with somebody) ⑥ to grow, to be raised
書く 【かく】to write
食べる 【たべる】to eat
生まれる 【うまれる】to be born
読む 【よむ】to read
入る 【はいる】① to enter ② to break into ③ to join, to enroll ④ to contain, to hold, to accommodate ⑤ to have (an income of)
入れる 【いれる】① to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.) ② to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire ③ to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to ④ to include ⑤ to pay (one's rent, etc.) ⑥ to cast (a vote) ⑦ to make (tea, coffee, etc.) ⑧ to turn on (a switch, etc.) ⑨ to send (a fax), to call
買う 【かう】① to buy ② to value, to have a high opinion ③ to stir, to provoke
来る 【くる】① to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive ② to come back, to do ... and come back ③ to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue ④ to come from, to be caused by, to derive from ⑤ to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
話す 【はなす】to speak
行く 【いく】① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
言う 【いう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
聞く 【きく】① to hear ② to listen (e.g. to music) ③ to ask, to enquire, to query
立つ 【たつ】① to stand, to rise, to stand up ② to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position) ③ to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
出かける 【でかける】to depart, to go out (e.g. on an excursion or outing), to set out, to start, to be going out
分かる 【わかる】① to be understood, to be comprehended, to be grasped ② to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
いるauxillary verb for continuing action or state
引く 【ひく】① to pull ② to draw (attention, etc.), to attract (interest, etc.) ③ to draw back ④ to draw (a card) ⑤ to draw (plan, line, etc.) ⑥ to catch (cold) ⑦ to play (string instr.) ⑧ to look up (e.g. dictionary), to consult ⑨ to haul, to pull (vehicles) ⑩ to subtract ⑪ to ebb, to fade ⑫ to descend (from), to inherit (a characteristic) ⑬ to quote, to raise (as evidence) ⑭ to lay (a cable), to draw (a cable)
会う 【あう】① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
開ける 【あける】① to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package) ② to open (for business, etc.)
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
起きる 【おきる】① to get up, to rise ② to wake up ③ to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents), to happen, to take place
使う 【つかう】① to use (a thing, method, etc.), to make use of, to put to use ② to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.), to employ, to handle, to manage, to manipulate ③ to use (time, money, etc.), to spend, to consume ④ to use (language), to speak ⑤ to take (one's lunch), to circulate (bad money)
始まる 【はじまる】to begin
止まる 【とまる】① to stop, to halt ② to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place) ③ to come to a halt ④ to be limited to
死ぬ 【しぬ】to die
持つ 【もつ】① to hold, to carry ② to possess
借りる 【かりる】① to borrow, to have a loan ② to rent, to hire
住む 【すむ】to live (of humans), to reside, to inhabit, to dwell, to abide
乗る 【のる】① to get on, to ride in, to board, to mount, to get up on ② to spread (paints), to be taken in ③ to share in, to join, to feel like doing, to be mentioned in, to be in harmony with ④ to appear (in print), to be recorded, to be found in (a dictionary)
切る 【きる】① to cut (usu. to cut through) ② to sever (connections, ties) ③ to turn off (i.e. the light) ④ to terminate (i.e. a conversation), to hang up (the phone), to disconnect ⑤ to punch (a ticket), to tear off (a stub) ⑥ to open (something sealed) ⑦ to start ⑧ to set (a limit) ⑨ to reduce, to decrease, to discount ⑩ to shake off (water, etc.), to let drip-dry (or drain) ⑪ to cross ⑫ to do (something noticeable) ⑬ to turn (a vehicle) ⑭ to cut (the ball) ⑮ to shuffle (cards) ⑯ to trump ⑰ (in Go) to isolate (an opponent's stone) ⑱ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to finish, to complete
洗う 【あらう】① to wash ② to investigate
走る 【はしる】① to run ② to travel (movement of vehicles) ③ to hurry to ④ to retreat (from battle), to take flight ⑤ to run away from home ⑥ to elope ⑦ to tend heavily toward
待つ 【まつ】① to wait ② to await, to look forward to, to anticipate ③ (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
貸す 【かす】① to lend, to loan ② to rent out, to hire out
知る 【しる】to know, to understand, to be acquainted with, to feel
着く 【つく】① to arrive at, to reach ② to sit on, to sit at (e.g. the table)
着る 【きる】① to wear (in modern Japanese, from the shoulders down), to put on ② to bear (guilt, etc.)
答える 【こたえる】to answer, to reply
働く 【はたらく】① to work, to labor, to labour ② to function, to operate, to be effective, to work (i.e. ... works), to come into play ③ to commit (e.g. a crime), to perpetrate, to do, to act, to practise, to practice ④ to be conjugated
売る 【うる】to sell
歩く 【あるく】to walk
開く 【あく】① to open (e.g. doors) ② to open (e.g. business, etc.)
歌う 【うたう】① to sing ② to sing (one's praises in a poem, etc.)
終わる 【おわる】to finish, to end, to close
作る 【つくる】① to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct ② to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol) ③ to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train ④ to till ⑤ to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write ⑥ to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose ⑦ to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found ⑧ to have (a child) ⑨ to make up (one's face, etc.) ⑩ to fabricate (an excuse, etc.) ⑪ to form (a line, etc.) ⑫ to set (a record) ⑬ to commit (a sin, etc.)
泳ぐ 【およぐ】to swim
曲がる 【まがる】① to bend, to curve, to warp, to wind, to twist ② to turn ③ to be awry, to be askew, to be crooked
勤める 【つとめる】① to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in) ② to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of) ③ to conduct a religious service
取る 【とる】① to take, to pick up, to harvest, to earn, to choose ② to steal ③ to eat, to have (a meal) ④ to remove (one's glasses, etc.)
消える 【きえる】to go out, to vanish, to disappear
消す 【けす】① to erase, to delete, to cross out ② to turn off power ③ to extinguish, to put out
登る 【のぼる】① to ascend, to go up, to climb ② to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise ③ to go to (the capital) ④ to be promoted ⑤ to add up to ⑥ to advance (in price) ⑦ to swim up (a river), to sail up ⑧ to come up (on the agenda)
晴れる 【はれる】① to clear up, to clear away, to be sunny, to stop raining ② to refresh (e.g. spirits) ③ to be cleared (e.g. of a suspicion) ④ to be dispelled, to be banished
飛ぶ 【とぶ】to fly, to soar
返す 【かえす】① to return (something), to restore, to put back ② to pay back, to retaliate, to reciprocate
鳴く 【なく】① to sing (bird) ② to bark, to purr, to make sound (animal)
遊ぶ 【あそぶ】① to play, to enjoy oneself, to have a good time ② to mess about (with alcohol, gambling, philandery, etc.) ③ to be idle, to do nothing, to be unused ④ to go to (for pleasure or for study) ⑤ (in baseball) to intentionally throw a ball to lower the batter's concentration
違う 【ちがう】① to differ (from), to vary ② to not be in the usual condition ③ to not match the correct (answer, etc.) ④ to be different from promised
押す 【おす】① to push, to press ② to apply pressure from above, to press down ③ to stamp (i.e. a passport), to apply a seal
覚える 【おぼえる】① to remember, to recollect, to memorize, to memorise ② to feel
吸う 【すう】① to smoke, to breathe in, to inhale ② to suck, to sip, to slurp ③ to absorb, to soak up ④ to kiss
呼ぶ 【よぶ】① to call out (to), to call, to invoke ② to summon (a doctor, etc.) ③ to invite ④ to designate, to name, to brand ⑤ to garner (support, etc.), to gather
降る 【ふる】to precipitate, to fall (e.g. rain)
困る 【こまる】to be troubled, to be worried, to be bothered, to be embarrassed, to be stumped
座る 【すわる】① to sit, to squat ② to assume (a position) ③ to hold steady, to hold still
咲く 【さく】to bloom
寝る 【ねる】① to lie down ② to go to bed, to lie in bed ③ to sleep (lying down) ④ to sleep (with someone, i.e. have intercourse) ⑤ to lie idle
吹く 【ふく】① to blow (wind, etc.), to play a wind instrument ② to emit, to spout ③ to whistle
閉まる 【しまる】to be shut, to close, to be closed
渡す 【わたす】① to ferry across (a river, etc.), to carry across, to traverse ② to lay across, to build across ③ to hand over, to hand in, to pass, to give, to transfer
渡る 【わたる】① to cross over, to go across ② to extend, to cover, to range, to span
疲れる 【つかれる】① to get tired, to tire ② to be worn out (e.g. of well used objects)
並ぶ 【ならぶ】① to line up, to stand in a line ② to rival, to match, to equal
並べる 【ならべる】① to line up, to set up ② to enumerate, to itemize
閉める 【しめる】to close, to shut
磨く 【みがく】① to polish, to shine, to brush (e.g. teeth) ② to refine, to improve
浴びる 【あびる】to bathe, to bask in the sun, to shower
頼む 【たのむ】① to request, to beg, to ask ② to call, to order, to reserve ③ to entrust to ④ to rely on
降りる 【おりる】① to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount ② to quit, to withdraw, to pull back (from a position, a job) ③ to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.)
撮る 【とる】to take (a photo), to make (a film)
脱ぐ 【ぬぐ】to take off (clothes, shoes, etc.), to undress
弾く 【ひく】to play (piano, guitar)
締める 【しめる】① to tie, to fasten ② to total, to sum ③ to be strict with ④ to economize (economise), to cut down on
やる① to do ② to have sexual intercourse ③ to kill ④ to give (to inferiors, animals, etc.) ⑤ to do for (inferiors) ⑥ to send (e.g. somebody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g. letter) (despatch) ⑦ to move (something to), to row (a boat) ⑧ (used in place of other verb) to have (eat, drink, smoke), to study, to run or operate (a restaurant)
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
つけるto turn on, to switch on, to light up
開く 【ひらく】① to open (e.g. a bank-account, festival, etc.) ② to spread out, to open up (flower bud, umbrella, etc.), to widen (gap, distance, width) ③ to hold, to give (party, conference, etc.)
送る 【おくる】① to send (a thing), to dispatch, to despatch ② to take or escort (a person somewhere), to see off (a person) ③ to bid farewell (to the departed), to bury ④ to spend (time), to live one's life ⑤ to pass (down the line) ⑥ to affix okurigana
行く 【ゆく】① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
言う 【ゆう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
張る 【はる】① to stick, to paste, to affix ② to stretch, to spread, to strain, to tighten ③ to form (e.g. ice on a pond) ④ to fill, to swell ⑤ to stick out, to put, to slap ⑥ to be expensive
履く 【はく】① to put on (or wear) lower-body clothing (i.e. pants, skirt, etc.), to put on (or wear) footwear ② to affix a sword to one's hip ③ to affix a bowstring to a bow
かかるto suffer from
がる① to feel (on adj-stem to represent a third party's apparent emotion) ② to behave as if one were
とどまる① to stop, to halt ② to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place) ③ to come to a halt ④ to be limited to
入る 【いる】to get in, to go in, to come in, to flow into, to set, to set in
はじく① to flip, to snap ② to repel
なる① who is called, that is called ② that is
開ける 【ひらける】① to become opened up, to improve, to get better ② to develop, to progress, to become civilized (civilised), to be up-to-date ③ to be enlightened, to be sensible
はだける① to open, to bare, to expose ② to stretch
降る 【くだる】① to descend, to go down, to come down ② to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.) ③ to pass (of time) ④ to surrender, to capitulate ⑤ (often in neg. form) to be less than, to be inferior to ⑥ to have the runs, to have diarrhea
かけるto suspend between two points, to build (a bridge, etc.), to put up on something (e.g. legs up on table)