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1Q84 Book 1 (Chapter 1-4)

Novel by 村上春樹 (Haruki Murakami). Currently only includes words encountered in the first four chapters.

First 500 entries [show all] — Created by Bryse M. — Last modified: 2013-01-12 13:39:04
お母さん 【おかあさん】mother
こんなsuch (about something/someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or about ideas expressed by the speaker), like this
さん① Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms ② honorific used with occupational titles
じゃあ① then, well, so, well then ② combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles ③ plain copula
そんなsuch (about the actions of the listener, or about ideas expressed or understood by the listener), like that, that sort of
でも① but, however, still, yet, although, even though ② even, even if ③ or something
どうも① thanks ② much (thanks), very (sorry), quite (regret) ③ quite, really ④ somehow ⑤ no matter how hard one may try ⑥ greetings, hello, goodbye
どんなwhat, what kind of
もう① already, anymore ② soon, shortly ③ more, further, other, again ④ interjection used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation)
もっと(some) more, even more, longer, further
ゆっくりslowly, at ease, restful
より① from, out of, since, at ② than ③ other than, except, but ④ more
アパート① apartment building, apartment block, apartment house ② apartment
エレベーターelevator, lift
コート① coat ② court (i.e. tennis, basketball, etc.)
シャツshirt, singlet
スポーツsport, sports
セーターsweater, jumper
テレビtelevision, TV
ドアdoor (Western-style)
ネクタイtie, necktie
パン① bread, pastries (e.g. croissants), pastry-based products ② pan, frying pan ③ panning (in a film)
フォーク① fork ② folk, folk song ③ hawk
プール① (swimming) pool ② pool (billiards) ③ pool (together)
ボールペンball-point pen
マッチ① match (contest, lighting fires. etc.) ② to match with, to go well with
メートルmetre, meter, meter (i.e., a gauge), gauge
レストランrestaurant (esp. Western-style)
一 【いち】① one ② best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective follows)
飲む 【のむ】① to drink, to gulp, to swallow ② to smoke (tobacco) ③ to engulf, to overwhelm ④ to keep down, to suppress ⑤ to accept (e.g. demand, condition) ⑥ to make light of, to conceal
右 【みぎ】① right, right hand side ② afore-mentioned (esp. in vertical Japanese writing), foregoing, forgoing, above
雨 【あめ】rain
駅 【えき】station
円 【えん】① Yen, money ② circle
下 【した】① below, down, under ② bottom ③ beneath, underneath ④ just after, right after ⑤ inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), younger (e.g. of siblings) ⑥ trade-in ⑦ preliminary, preparatory
下手 【へた】① unskillful, poor, awkward ② imprudent, untactful
会社 【かいしゃ】① company, corporation ② workplace
外 【そと】① outside, exterior ② open air ③ other place
外国 【がいこく】foreign country
学校 【がっこう】school
学生 【がくせい】student (esp. a university student)
休み 【やすみ】① rest, recess, respite ② vacation, holiday, absence, suspension ③ dormancy (of a silkworm prior to moulting)
休む 【やすむ】① to be absent, to take a day off ② to rest, to have a break ③ to go to bed, to (lie down to) sleep, to turn in, to retire ④ to stop doing some ongoing activity for a time, to suspend business
見せる 【みせる】to show, to display
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
古い 【ふるい】old (not person), aged, ancient, antiquated, stale, threadbare, outmoded, obsolete article
五 【ご】five
午後 【ごご】afternoon, p.m.
午前 【ごぜん】morning, a.m.
後ろ 【うしろ】back, behind, rear
口 【くち】① mouth ② opening, hole, gap, orifice ③ mouth (of a bottle), spout, nozzle, mouthpiece ④ gate, door, entrance, exit ⑤ speaking, speech, talk (i.e. gossip) ⑥ taste, palate ⑦ mouth (to feed) ⑧ opening (i.e. vacancy), available position ⑨ invitation, summons ⑩ kind, sort, type ⑪ opening (i.e. beginning) ⑫ counter for mouthfuls, shares (of money), and swords
高い 【たかい】① high, tall ② expensive
今 【いま】now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more
左 【ひだり】left, left hand side
三つ 【みっつ】three
山 【やま】① mountain ② pile, heap ③ climax, critical point ④ speculated area covered by an examination
時間 【じかん】① time ② hours
耳 【みみ】① ear ② hearing ③ edge, crust ④ selvedge (non-fray machined edge of fabrics), selvage
七 【なな】seven
車 【くるま】① car, automobile, vehicle ② wheel
手 【て】① hand, arm ② handle ③ hand, worker, help ④ trouble, care, effort ⑤ means, way, trick, move, technique, workmanship ⑥ hand, handwriting ⑦ kind, type, sort ⑧ one's hands, one's possession ⑨ ability to cope ⑩ hand (of cards) ⑪ direction
週間 【しゅうかん】week, weekly
出す 【だす】① to take out, to get out ② to put out, to reveal, to show ③ to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in ④ to publish, to make public ⑤ to send (e.g. letter) ⑥ to produce (a sound), to start (fire) ⑦ to serve (food) ⑧ to begin
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
出口 【でぐち】exit, gateway, way out, outlet, leak, vent
書く 【かく】to write
女 【おんな】woman
女の子 【おんなのこ】girl
小さい 【ちいさい】small, little, tiny
少し 【すこし】① small quantity, little, few, something ② little while ③ short distance
上 【うえ】① above, up, over ② top, summit ③ surface, on ④ before, previous ⑤ superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder) ⑥ on top of that, besides, what's more ⑦ upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after) ⑧ matters concerning..., as concerns ... ⑨ since (i.e. "for that reason") ⑩ suffix indicating higher social standing
上げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to do up (one's hair) ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to show someone (into a room) ⑥ (uk) to summon (for geishas, etc.) ⑦ to send someone (away) ⑧ to enrol (one's child in school) (enroll) ⑨ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑩ to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice) ⑪ to earn (something desirable) ⑫ to praise ⑬ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑭ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑮ to arrest ⑯ to nominate ⑰ to give ⑱ to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) ⑲ to bear (a child) ⑳ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) ○ (of the tide) to come in ○ to vomit ○ (after the -te form of a verb) to do for (the sake of someone else) ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to complete ○ used after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility
上手 【じょうず】① skill, skillful, dexterity ② flattery
食べる 【たべる】to eat
新聞 【しんぶん】newspaper
人 【じん】① -ian (e.g. Italian, etc.) (attaches to name of country to denote nationality), -er (e.g. performer, etc.) (attaches to name of occupation) ② (usu. in compound words) man, person, people
水 【みず】water (cold, fresh)
生まれる 【うまれる】to be born
先 【さき】① previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding ② point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle ③ head (of a line), front ④ ahead, the other side ⑤ the future, hereafter ⑥ destination ⑦ the other party
先生 【せんせい】① teacher, master, doctor ② with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific
千 【せん】1,000, thousand
前 【まえ】① ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour) ② in front (of), before (e.g. the house) ③ head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part ④ in the presence of ⑤ helping, portion ⑥ privates, private parts
足 【あし】① foot ② leg ③ gait ④ pace
大学 【だいがく】① post-secondary education institution, incl. university, college, etc. ② the Great Learning - one of the Four Books
大人 【おとな】adult
男 【おとこ】man
中 【なか】① inside, in ② among, within ③ center (centre), middle ④ during, while
長い 【ながい】① long (distance) ② long (time), lengthy
電車 【でんしゃ】(electric) train
電話 【でんわ】telephone
道 【みち】① road, street, way, path, course, route, lane ② distance, ways (e.g. "a long ways") ③ the way (of proper conduct, etc.), one's way, morals ④ teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma ⑤ field (of medicine, etc.), subject ⑥ way, method, means
読む 【よむ】to read
二 【に】two
二つ 【ふたつ】two
入る 【はいる】① to enter ② to break into ③ to join, to enroll ④ to contain, to hold, to accommodate ⑤ to have (an income of)
入れる 【いれる】① to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.) ② to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire ③ to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to ④ to include ⑤ to pay (one's rent, etc.) ⑥ to cast (a vote) ⑦ to make (tea, coffee, etc.) ⑧ to turn on (a switch, etc.) ⑨ to send (a fax), to call
買う 【かう】① to buy ② to value, to have a high opinion ③ to stir, to provoke
白 【しろ】① white ② good guy, 'white hat'
白い 【しろい】white
半 【はん】half, semi-
半分 【はんぶん】half
百 【ひゃく】100, hundred
分 【ふん】minute
本 【ほん】① book, volume ② main, head, this, our, present, real ③ counter for long cylindrical things
毎日 【まいにち】every day
名前 【なまえ】① name, full name ② given name, first name
木 【き】tree, wood, timber
来る 【くる】① to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive ② to come back, to do ... and come back ③ to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue ④ to come from, to be caused by, to derive from ⑤ to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
話す 【はなす】to speak
何 【なに】① what ② how many (some counter)
九 【きゅう】nine
行く 【いく】① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
今日 【きょう】today, this day
三 【さん】three
四 【よん】four
十 【じゅう】10, ten
人 【ひと】① man, person ② human being, mankind, people ③ character, personality ④ man of talent, true man ⑤ other people ⑥ adult
店 【みせ】store, shop, establishment
八 【はち】eight
六 【ろく】six
言う 【いう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
大きい 【おおきい】big, large, great, loud
聞く 【きく】① to hear ② to listen (e.g. to music) ③ to ask, to enquire, to query
国 【くに】① country, (the) state ② region ③ home (i.e. hometown, home country)
立つ 【たつ】① to stand, to rise, to stand up ② to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position) ③ to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
出かける 【でかける】to depart, to go out (e.g. on an excursion or outing), to set out, to start, to be going out
時々 【ときどき】sometimes, at times
話 【はなし】① talk, speech, chat, story, conversation ② discussions, negotiation, argument
目 【め】① eye, eyeball ② eyesight ③ look ④ experience ⑤ viewpoint ⑥ ordinal number suffix ⑦ somewhat, -ish
時 【じ】① hour, o'clock ② (specified) time, when ..., during ...
日 【にち】① Sunday ② day (of the month) ③ counter for days
年 【ねん】① year (e.g. AD) ② counter for years
いるauxillary verb for continuing action or state
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
悪い 【わるい】① bad, poor, inferior ② evil, sinful ③ unprofitable, unbeneficial ④ at fault, to blame, in the wrong ⑤ sorry
暗い 【くらい】① dark, gloomy ② dark (in colour), dull ③ depressed, dispirited ④ sorrowful, bitter (as in a dark past) ⑤ unclear, unfamiliar, unknown
意味 【いみ】meaning, significance
引く 【ひく】① to pull ② to draw (attention, etc.), to attract (interest, etc.) ③ to draw back ④ to draw (a card) ⑤ to draw (plan, line, etc.) ⑥ to catch (cold) ⑦ to play (string instr.) ⑧ to look up (e.g. dictionary), to consult ⑨ to haul, to pull (vehicles) ⑩ to subtract ⑪ to ebb, to fade ⑫ to descend (from), to inherit (a characteristic) ⑬ to quote, to raise (as evidence) ⑭ to lay (a cable), to draw (a cable)
映画 【えいが】movie, film
英語 【えいご】English (language)
遠い 【とおい】far, distant
音楽 【おんがく】music, musical movement
夏 【なつ】summer
夏休み 【なつやすみ】summer vacation, summer holiday
家 【いえ】① house, residence, dwelling ② family, household ③ lineage, family name
会う 【あう】① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
回 【かい】① counter for occurrences ② counter for innings (baseball)
開ける 【あける】① to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package) ② to open (for business, etc.)
漢字 【かんじ】Chinese characters, kanji
顔 【かお】face (person)
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
起きる 【おきる】① to get up, to rise ② to wake up ③ to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents), to happen, to take place
強い 【つよい】① strong, powerful, mighty, potent ② resistant, resilient, durable
教える 【おしえる】to teach, to inform, to instruct
教室 【きょうしつ】classroom
近い 【ちかい】near, close, short (distance)
近く 【ちかく】① near, neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity ② nearly (i.e. "it took nearly one year"), close to ③ shortly, soon
兄弟 【きょうだい】siblings, brothers and sisters
軽い 【かるい】① light (i.e. not heavy), feeling light (i.e. offering little resistance, moving easily) ② light (i.e. of foot), nimble, agile ③ non-serious, minor, unimportant, trivial ④ slight, small, gentle, soft ⑤ easy, simple ⑥ indiscriminate
月 【つき】① moon ② month
建物 【たてもの】building
元気 【げんき】health(y), robust, vigor, vigour, energy, vitality, vim, stamina, spirit, courage, pep
好き 【すき】liking, fondness, love
広い 【ひろい】spacious, vast, wide
考える 【かんがえる】to consider, to think about
黒 【くろ】① black ② dark ③ bad guy, 'black hat'
黒い 【くろい】① black ② dark ③ illicit, wicked, underground
作文 【さくぶん】① writing (an essay, prose, etc.), composition ② formal writing with little real meaning
仕事 【しごと】① work, job, business, occupation, employment, vocation, task ② work
使う 【つかう】① to use (a thing, method, etc.), to make use of, to put to use ② to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.), to employ, to handle, to manage, to manipulate ③ to use (time, money, etc.), to spend, to consume ④ to use (language), to speak ⑤ to take (one's lunch), to circulate (bad money)
始まる 【はじまる】to begin
止まる 【とまる】① to stop, to halt ② to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place) ③ to come to a halt ④ to be limited to
死ぬ 【しぬ】to die
私 【わたし】① I, me ② private affairs, personal matter, secrecy ③ selfishness
持つ 【もつ】① to hold, to carry ② to possess
時計 【とけい】watch, clock, timepiece
自動車 【じどうしゃ】automobile
自分 【じぶん】① myself, yourself, oneself, himself, herself ② I, me
質問 【しつもん】question, inquiry, enquiry
写真 【しゃしん】① photograph, photo ② movie
借りる 【かりる】① to borrow, to have a loan ② to rent, to hire
弱い 【よわい】weak, frail, delicate, tender, unskilled, weak (wine)
手紙 【てがみ】letter
住む 【すむ】to live (of humans), to reside, to inhabit, to dwell, to abide
重い 【おもい】① heavy, massive ② serious, important, severe, oppressed
少ない 【すくない】few, a little, scarce, insufficient, seldom
乗る 【のる】① to get on, to ride in, to board, to mount, to get up on ② to spread (paints), to be taken in ③ to share in, to join, to feel like doing, to be mentioned in, to be in harmony with ④ to appear (in print), to be recorded, to be found in (a dictionary)
色 【いろ】① colour, color ② complexion ③ appearance, look ④ love, lust, sensuality, love affair, lover ⑤ kind, type, variety
新しい 【あたらしい】new
声 【こえ】voice
赤い 【あかい】① red ② Red (i.e. communist)
切る 【きる】① to cut (usu. to cut through) ② to sever (connections, ties) ③ to turn off (i.e. the light) ④ to terminate (i.e. a conversation), to hang up (the phone), to disconnect ⑤ to punch (a ticket), to tear off (a stub) ⑥ to open (something sealed) ⑦ to start ⑧ to set (a limit) ⑨ to reduce, to decrease, to discount ⑩ to shake off (water, etc.), to let drip-dry (or drain) ⑪ to cross ⑫ to do (something noticeable) ⑬ to turn (a vehicle) ⑭ to cut (the ball) ⑮ to shuffle (cards) ⑯ to trump ⑰ (in Go) to isolate (an opponent's stone) ⑱ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to finish, to complete
洗う 【あらう】① to wash ② to investigate
走る 【はしる】① to run ② to travel (movement of vehicles) ③ to hurry to ④ to retreat (from battle), to take flight ⑤ to run away from home ⑥ to elope ⑦ to tend heavily toward
早い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
多い 【おおい】many, numerous
多分 【たぶん】① perhaps, probably ② generous, many, much, great
体 【からだ】① body ② health
待つ 【まつ】① to wait ② to await, to look forward to, to anticipate ③ (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
貸す 【かす】① to lend, to loan ② to rent out, to hire out
台所 【だいどころ】kitchen
大きな 【おおきな】big, large, great
大切 【たいせつ】important, valuable, worthy of care
短い 【みじかい】short
知る 【しる】to know, to understand, to be acquainted with, to feel
茶色 【ちゃいろ】light brown, tawny
着く 【つく】① to arrive at, to reach ② to sit on, to sit at (e.g. the table)
着る 【きる】① to wear (in modern Japanese, from the shoulders down), to put on ② to bear (guilt, etc.)
朝 【あさ】morning
鳥 【とり】① bird ② bird meat (esp. chicken meat), fowl, poultry
低い 【ひくい】low (height, tone, rank, degree, cost, etc.), short
度 【ど】① degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.) ② counter for occurrences and times ③ strength (of alcohol)
冬 【ふゆ】winter
答える 【こたえる】to answer, to reply
働く 【はたらく】① to work, to labor, to labour ② to function, to operate, to be effective, to work (i.e. ... works), to come into play ③ to commit (e.g. a crime), to perpetrate, to do, to act, to practise, to practice ④ to be conjugated
動物 【どうぶつ】animal
同じ 【おなじ】① same, identical, equal, uniform, equivalent, similar, common (origin), changeless, alike ② (usu. part of a 'nara' conditional) anyway, anyhow, in either case
肉 【にく】① flesh ② meat ③ the physical body (as opposed to the spirit) ④ thickness ⑤ ink pad
日曜日 【にちようび】Sunday
売る 【うる】to sell
病院 【びょういん】hospital
風 【かぜ】wind, breeze
服 【ふく】① clothes (esp. Western clothes) ② counter for doses of medicine, gulps of tea, drags of a cigarette, etc.
勉強 【べんきょう】① study ② diligence ③ discount, reduction
歩く 【あるく】to walk
方 【ほう】side, direction, way
明るい 【あかるい】① bright, colourful ② cheerful ③ familiar (with), knowledgeable (about) ④ fair (e.g. politics), clean
問題 【もんだい】problem, question
夜 【よる】evening, night
有名 【ゆうめい】① famous ② fame
夕方 【ゆうがた】evening
旅行 【りょこう】travel, trip
料理 【りょうり】① cooking, cookery, cuisine ② dealing with something, handling, administration, management
今朝 【けさ】this morning
上着 【うわぎ】coat, tunic, jacket, outer garment
頭 【あたま】① head ② mind, brain, intellect ③ top ④ hair (on one's head) ⑤ bangs, fringe ⑥ top structural component of a kanji
明日 【あした】tomorrow
開く 【あく】① to open (e.g. doors) ② to open (e.g. business, etc.)
思う 【おもう】① to think, to consider, to believe ② to think (of doing), to plan (to do) ③ to judge, to assess, to regard ④ to imagine, to suppose, to dream ⑤ to expect, to look forward to ⑥ to feel, to desire, to want ⑦ to recall, to remember
終わる 【おわる】to finish, to end, to close
買い物 【かいもの】shopping, purchased goods
作る 【つくる】① to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct ② to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol) ③ to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train ④ to till ⑤ to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write ⑥ to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose ⑦ to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found ⑧ to have (a child) ⑨ to make up (one's face, etc.) ⑩ to fabricate (an excuse, etc.) ⑪ to form (a line, etc.) ⑫ to set (a record) ⑬ to commit (a sin, etc.)
飲み物 【のみもの】drink, beverage
町 【まち】① town, block, neighbourhood, neighborhood ② street, road ③ 109.09 m ④ 0.99 hectares
小さな 【ちいさな】small, little, tiny
一番 【いちばん】① best, first, number one ② game, round, bout, fall, event (in a meet)
黄色い 【きいろい】yellow
荷物 【にもつ】① luggage, baggage ② burden ③ payload (of a packet, cell, etc.)
階 【かい】① stories, storeys ② counter for storeys and floors of a building
橋 【はし】bridge
勤める 【つとめる】① to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in) ② to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of) ③ to conduct a religious service
君 【きみ】you, buddy, pal
言葉 【ことば】① language, dialect ② word, words, phrase, term, expression, remark ③ speech, (manner of) speaking
向こう 【むこう】① opposite side, other side, opposite direction ② over there, that way, far away, beyond ③ the other party, the other person ④ future (starting now)
細い 【ほそい】thin, slender, fine
皿 【さら】① plate, dish, platter, disc ② serving, helping, course ③ kanji radical 108 (at the bottom)
歯 【は】tooth
次 【つぎ】① next, following, subsequent ② stage, station
取る 【とる】① to take, to pick up, to harvest, to earn, to choose ② to steal ③ to eat, to have (a meal) ④ to remove (one's glasses, etc.)
酒 【さけ】alcohol, sake
消す 【けす】① to erase, to delete, to cross out ② to turn off power ③ to extinguish, to put out
全部 【ぜんぶ】all, entire, whole, altogether
速い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
飛ぶ 【とぶ】to fly, to soar
番号 【ばんごう】number, series of digits
鼻 【はな】nose
部屋 【へや】① room ② sumo stable
文章 【ぶんしょう】① sentence, article, composition ② (writing) style
返す 【かえす】① to return (something), to restore, to put back ② to pay back, to retaliate, to reciprocate
方 【かた】① direction, way ② person, lady, gentleman ③ method of, manner of, way of ④ care of .. ⑤ person in charge of .. ⑥ side (e.g. "on my mother's side")
万年筆 【まんねんひつ】fountain pen
面白い 【おもしろい】interesting, amusing
緑 【みどり】① green ② greenery (esp. fresh verdure)
練習 【れんしゅう】practice, practise
側 【がわ】① side (of something, or taking someone's side), part ② (watch) case
箱 【はこ】① box ② car (of a train, etc.) ③ shamisen case, shamisen
本当に 【ほんとうに】really, truly
番 【ばん】① number (in a series) ② (one's) turn ③ watch, guard, lookout ④ bout, match (sumo)
違う 【ちがう】① to differ (from), to vary ② to not be in the usual condition ③ to not match the correct (answer, etc.) ④ to be different from promised
一緒 【いっしょ】① together ② at the same time ③ same, identical
奥さん 【おくさん】wife, your wife, his wife, married lady, madam
押す 【おす】① to push, to press ② to apply pressure from above, to press down ③ to stamp (i.e. a passport), to apply a seal
過ぎ 【すぎ】① past, after ② too (much), over (e.g. eating)
灰皿 【はいざら】ashtray
階段 【かいだん】stairs, stairway, staircase
覚える 【おぼえる】① to remember, to recollect, to memorize, to memorise ② to feel
机 【つくえ】desk
喫茶店 【きっさてん】coffee lounge, coffee shop, (rather formal) cafe
吸う 【すう】① to smoke, to breathe in, to inhale ② to suck, to sip, to slurp ③ to absorb, to soak up ④ to kiss
狭い 【せまい】narrow, confined, small
靴 【くつ】shoes, footwear
警官 【けいかん】policeman
呼ぶ 【よぶ】① to call out (to), to call, to invoke ② to summon (a doctor, etc.) ③ to invite ④ to designate, to name, to brand ⑤ to garner (support, etc.), to gather
降る 【ふる】to precipitate, to fall (e.g. rain)
困る 【こまる】to be troubled, to be worried, to be bothered, to be embarrassed, to be stumped
座る 【すわる】① to sit, to squat ② to assume (a position) ③ to hold steady, to hold still
歳 【さい】① -years-old ② ability, gift, talent, aptitude, genius
財布 【さいふ】purse, handbag, wallet
冊 【さつ】counter for books
雑誌 【ざっし】journal, magazine, periodical
子供 【こども】child, children
若い 【わかい】young
授業 【じゅぎょう】lesson, class work
初めて 【はじめて】① for the first time ② only after ... is it ..., only when ... do you ...
寝る 【ねる】① to lie down ② to go to bed, to lie in bed ③ to sleep (lying down) ④ to sleep (with someone, i.e. have intercourse) ⑤ to lie idle
吹く 【ふく】① to blow (wind, etc.), to play a wind instrument ② to emit, to spout ③ to whistle
生徒 【せいと】pupil
静か 【しずか】quiet, peaceful
掃除 【そうじ】cleaning, sweeping
窓 【まど】window
大変 【たいへん】① very, greatly ② immense, enormous, great ③ serious, grave, dreadful, terrible ④ difficult, hard
置く 【おく】① to put, to place ② to leave (behind) ③ to do something in advance (usu. following te-form verb)
渡す 【わたす】① to ferry across (a river, etc.), to carry across, to traverse ② to lay across, to build across ③ to hand over, to hand in, to pass, to give, to transfer
渡る 【わたる】① to cross over, to go across ② to extend, to cover, to range, to span
難しい 【むずかしい】difficult
猫 【ねこ】① cat ② shamisen ③ geisha ④ wheelbarrow ⑤ clay bed-warmer
薄い 【うすい】① thin ② pale, light ③ watery, dilute, sparse ④ weak (taste, etc.) ⑤ slim (probability, etc.), small
彼 【かれ】① he, him ② boyfriend
彼ら 【かれら】they (usually male), them
彼女 【かのじょ】① she, her ② girl friend, girlfriend, sweetheart
疲れる 【つかれる】① to get tired, to tire ② to be worn out (e.g. of well used objects)
必要 【ひつよう】① necessary, needed, essential, indispensable ② necessity, need, requirement
封筒 【ふうとう】envelope
並ぶ 【ならぶ】① to line up, to stand in a line ② to rival, to match, to equal
並べる 【ならべる】① to line up, to set up ② to enumerate, to itemize
閉める 【しめる】to close, to shut
忘れる 【わすれる】to forget, to leave carelessly, to be forgetful of, to forget about, to forget (an article)
忙しい 【いそがしい】busy, hectic, occupied, engaged
磨く 【みがく】① to polish, to shine, to brush (e.g. teeth) ② to refine, to improve
枚 【まい】counter for flat objects (e.g. sheets of paper)
要る 【いる】to need
頼む 【たのむ】① to request, to beg, to ask ② to call, to order, to reserve ③ to entrust to ④ to rely on
卵 【たまご】① eggs, egg, spawn, roe ② hen egg ③ (an expert) in the making
冷蔵庫 【れいぞうこ】refrigerator
ころ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
いいえ① no, nay ② well, er, why
降りる 【おりる】① to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount ② to quit, to withdraw, to pull back (from a position, a job) ③ to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.)
椅子 【いす】① chair ② post, office, position
鞄 【かばん】bag, satchel, briefcase, basket
鍵 【かぎ】① key ② lock
撮る 【とる】to take (a photo), to make (a film)
大丈夫 【だいじょうぶ】safe, all right, OK, okay
脱ぐ 【ぬぐ】to take off (clothes, shoes, etc.), to undress
誰 【だれ】who
箸 【はし】chopsticks
僕 【ぼく】① I, me ② you (used addressing young children) ③ manservant
立派 【りっぱ】splendid, fine, handsome, elegant, imposing, prominent, legal, legitimate
隣 【となり】neighbor (neighbour), next to (esp. living next door to)
なぜwhy, how
嫌 【いや】disagreeable, detestable, unpleasant, reluctant
煙草 【たばこ】tobacco, cigarettes
良い 【よい】① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
あそこ① there (place physically distant from both speaker and listener), over there, that place, yonder ② that far (something psychologically distant from both speaker and listener), that much, that point
あのthat (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
あれ① that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly) ② that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors) ③ hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh? ④ that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
こちら① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
そしてand, and then, thus, and now
そちら① that way (direction distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ② there (place distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ③ that one (something close to the listener) ④ you, your family ⑤ that person (someone close to the listener)
その① that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the ② um..., er..., uh...
それ① that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it ② that time, then
それからand then, after that
つまらない① dull, uninteresting, boring ② insignificant, trifling
とても① very, awfully, exceedingly ② (before a negative form) (not) at all, by no means, simply (cannot)
どうhow, in what way, how about
どっち① which way, which direction, where ② which one (esp. of two alternatives) ③ who
どれ① which (of three or more) ② whichever, any ③ well, now, let me see
やる① to do ② to have sexual intercourse ③ to kill ④ to give (to inferiors, animals, etc.) ⑤ to do for (inferiors) ⑥ to send (e.g. somebody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g. letter) (despatch) ⑦ to move (something to), to row (a boat) ⑧ (used in place of other verb) to have (eat, drink, smoke), to study, to run or operate (a restaurant)
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
ちょっと① just a minute, short time, just a little ② somewhat, easily, readily, rather ③ (before a verb in negative form) (will not) easily ④ hey!
いつwhen, how soon
いつも① always, usually, every time ② never (with neg. verb)
どちら① which way, which direction, where ② which one (esp. of two alternatives) ③ who
いくつ① how many? ② how old?
くれるto give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
ここ① here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place ② these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker) ③ these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
ことthing, matter, fact, circumstances, business, reason, experience
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
石鹸 【せっけん】soap
どうしてwhy?, for what reason, how, in what way, for what purpose, what for
あちら① that way (direction distant from both speaker and listener), over there, yonder ② that one (something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener), that ③ that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener) ④ there (place distant from both speaker and listener), over there, foreign country (esp. a Western nation)
まずい① unappetising, unappetizing, unpleasant (taste, appearance, situation) ② unskillful, unskilful, bungling, clumsy ③ ugly, homely, plain, unattractive ④ awkward, untimely, inopportune, unfavorable, unwise
しかしhowever, but
またagain, and, also, still (doing something)
まだ① as yet, hitherto, still ② not yet (with negative verb)
もちろんof course, certainly, naturally
どこ① where, what place ② how much (long, far), what extent
このthis (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
きれい① pretty, lovely, beautiful, fair ② clean, clear, pure, tidy, neat ③ completely, entirely
よう① (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) appearing ..., looking ... ② (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) way to ..., method of ...ing ③ (usu. after a noun) form, style, design ④ (usu. after a noun) like, similar to ⑤ thing (thought or spoken)
つけるto turn on, to switch on, to light up
どのwhich, what (way)
もう一度 【もういちど】once more, again
そこ① there (place relatively near listener) ② there (place just mentioned), that place ③ then (of some incident just spoken of), that (of point just raised)
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
あんなsuch (about something or someone distant from both speaker and listener, or about a situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener), so, that, sort of
いらっしゃる① to come, to go, to be (somewhere) ② (after a -te form, or the particle "de") is (doing), are (doing)
うん① yeah, uh huh ② some (at the start of a number in place of a digit)
さっきsome time ago
すっかりall, completely, thoroughly
だからso, therefore
ちゃんsuffix for familiar person
はっきりclearly, plainly, distinctly
そろそろ① gradually, steadily, quietly, slowly ② soon, momentarily, before long, any time now
上がる 【あがる】① to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised ② to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in ③ to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade ④ to get out (of water), to come ashore ⑤ to increase ⑥ to improve, to make progress ⑦ to be promoted, to advance ⑧ to be made (of profit, etc.) ⑨ to occur (esp. of a favourable result) ⑩ to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.) ⑪ to be finished, to be done, to be over ⑫ (of rain) to stop, to lift ⑬ to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die ⑭ to win (in a card game, etc.) ⑮ to be arrested ⑯ to turn up (of evidence, etc.) ⑰ to be deep fried ⑱ to be spoken loudly ⑲ to get stage fright ⑳ to be offered (to the gods, etc.) ○ to go, to visit ○ to eat, to drink ○ to be listed (as a candidate) ○ to serve (in one's master's home) ○ (in Kyoto) to go north ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) indicates completion
日本 【にっぽん】Japan
アルバイト① part-time job, side job ② albite
カーテンcurtain, curtains
タイプ① type, kind, sort, style ② typewriter, typing
ビル① building ② bill
プレゼント① present, gift ② to give a present or gift
ベル① bell ② bel, B
以外 【いがい】with the exception of, excepting
以上 【いじょう】① not less than, ... and more, ... and upwards ② beyond ... (e.g. one's means), further (e.g. nothing further to say), more than ... (e.g. cannot pay more than that) ③ above-mentioned, foregoing ④ since ..., seeing that ... ⑤ this is all, that is the end, the end
意見 【いけん】opinion, view
員 【いん】member
運ぶ 【はこぶ】① to carry, to transport, to move, to convey ② to come, to go ③ to wield (a tool, etc.), to use ④ to go (well, etc.), to proceed, to progress
運転 【うんてん】operation, motion, driving
運動 【うんどう】motion, exercise
遠く 【とおく】far away, distant, at a distance, distant place, by far
屋上 【おくじょう】rooftop
下げる 【さげる】to hang, to lower, to move back, to wear, to dismiss, to grant
下さる 【くださる】to give, to confer
下着 【したぎ】underwear
火 【ひ】fire, flame, blaze
会話 【かいわ】conversation
開く 【ひらく】① to open (e.g. a bank-account, festival, etc.) ② to spread out, to open up (flower bud, umbrella, etc.), to widen (gap, distance, width) ③ to hold, to give (party, conference, etc.)
楽しむ 【たのしむ】to enjoy oneself
間に合う 【まにあう】① to be in time for ② to serve (suit, meet) the purpose, to be good enough, to be enough
気 【き】① spirit, mind, heart ② nature, disposition ③ motivation, intention ④ mood, feelings ⑤ atmosphere, essence
気分 【きぶん】feeling, mood
起こす 【おこす】to raise, to cause, to wake someone
急 【きゅう】① urgent, sudden, abrupt ② sharp, steep, precipitous ③ rapid, swift, fast ④ emergency, crisis ⑤ hurrying, haste ⑥ (in gagaku or noh) end of a song
急ぐ 【いそぐ】to hurry, to rush, to hasten, to make something happen sooner
空気 【くうき】air, atmosphere
計画 【けいかく】plan, project, schedule, scheme, program, programme
見える 【みえる】① to be seen, to be in sight ② to look, to seem, to appear ③ to come
高校 【こうこう】senior high school
高校生 【こうこうせい】senior high school student
合う 【あう】① to come together, to merge, to unite, to meet ② to fit, to match, to suit, to agree with, to be correct ③ to be profitable, to be equitable ④ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to do ... to each other, to do ... together
今度 【こんど】now, this time, next time, another time
今夜 【こんや】this evening, tonight
始める 【はじめる】① to start, to begin, to commence, to initiate, to originate ② to open (e.g. a store), to start up, to establish (business. etc.) ③ to start (doing something), to begin to ...
子 【こ】① child ② young (animal) ③ young woman, young geisha ④ offshoot ⑤ interest ⑥ new shares ⑦ (after a noun or -masu stem) -er (often of young women)
思い出す 【おもいだす】to recall, to remember
止める 【とめる】① to stop (something or someone), to turn off ② to concentrate on, to pay attention to ③ to remember, to bear in mind ④ to fix into place ⑤ to park, to leave somewhere for a time
止める 【やめる】to end, to stop, to cease, to resign
試験 【しけん】examination, test, study, trial, experiment
時代 【じだい】① period, epoch, era, age ② the times, those days ③ oldness, ancientness, antiquity ④ antique, period piece
社会 【しゃかい】society, public
集める 【あつめる】to collect, to assemble, to gather
十分 【じゅうぶん】① plenty, enough, sufficient, satisfactory, adequate ② division into ten ③ perfectly, thoroughly, fully, in full
小学校 【しょうがっこう】primary school, elementary school, grade school
小説 【しょうせつ】novel, (short) story
少年 【しょうねん】boys, juveniles
場合 【ばあい】case, situation
食事 【しょくじ】① meal ② to eat
心 【こころ】① mind, heart, spirit ② the meaning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
親切 【しんせつ】kindness, gentleness
世界 【せかい】the world, society, the universe
正しい 【ただしい】right, just, correct, righteous, honest, truthful, proper, straightforward, perfect
生きる 【いきる】to live, to exist
説明 【せつめい】explanation, exposition
送る 【おくる】① to send (a thing), to dispatch, to despatch ② to take or escort (a person somewhere), to see off (a person) ③ to bid farewell (to the departed), to bury ④ to spend (time), to live one's life ⑤ to pass (down the line) ⑥ to affix okurigana
足す 【たす】① to add (numbers) ② to add (something), to top up (with something) ③ to take care of (e.g. one's business)
足りる 【たりる】① to be sufficient, to be enough ② to be worth doing, to be worthy ③ to be sufficient, to answer, to do
村 【むら】village
大事 【だいじ】important, valuable, serious matter
中学校 【ちゅうがっこう】junior high school, middle school, lower secondary school
注意 【ちゅうい】caution, being careful, attention (heed), warning, advice
通う 【かよう】① to go back and forth, to ply between ② to commute, to attend (school, church, etc.)
通り 【とおり】avenue, street, way
通る 【とおる】to pass (by), to go through, to walk along, to pass exams, to attend (e.g. school)
店員 【てんいん】shop assistant, employee, clerk, salesperson
都合 【つごう】circumstances, condition, convenience
答え 【こたえ】response, reply, answer, solution
動く 【うごく】① to move, to stir, to shift, to shake, to swing ② to operate, to run, to go, to work ③ to be touched, to be influenced ④ to change, to vary, to fluctuate, to waver ⑤ certain, factual ⑥ to be transferred
特別 【とくべつ】special
日 【ひ】① day, days ② sun, sunshine, sunlight ③ case (esp. unfortunate), event
品物 【しなもの】goods, article, thing
文学 【ぶんがく】literature
別 【べつ】distinction, difference, different, another, particular, separate, extra, exception