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10,000 Frequently Used Japanese Words (pt. 1)

A list of most frequently used Japanese words by a company that scanned over 250 million Japanese words on the Internet. (first 5,000 words)

4999 entriesCreated by Bryse M. — Last modified: 2013-09-08 16:13:14
お金 【おかね】money
お父さん 【おとうさん】father
お母さん 【おかあさん】mother
こんなsuch (about something/someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or about ideas expressed by the speaker), like this
さあcome, come now
さん① Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms ② honorific used with occupational titles
そう① so, really, seeming ② (after masu stem and adj-stem) appearing that, seeming that, looking like, having the appearance of
そんなsuch (about the actions of the listener, or about ideas expressed or understood by the listener), like that, that sort of
どうも① thanks ② much (thanks), very (sorry), quite (regret) ③ quite, really ④ somehow ⑤ no matter how hard one may try ⑥ greetings, hello, goodbye
もう① already, anymore ② soon, shortly ③ more, further, other, again ④ interjection used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation)
もっと(some) more, even more, longer, further
ゆっくりslowly, at ease, restful
アパート① apartment building, apartment block, apartment house ② apartment
エレベーターelevator, lift
カレンダー① calendar ② calender (machine for flattening things)
キロkilo-, kilogram, kilogramme, kilometre, kilometer, 10^3
グラムgram, gramme
コート① coat ② court (i.e. tennis, basketball, etc.)
コップglass (i.e. drinking vessel), tumbler
シャツshirt, singlet
ストーブheater (from stove)
スポーツsport, sports
セーターsweater, jumper
テレビtelevision, TV
デパートdepartment store
トイレtoilet, restroom, bathroom, lavatory
ドアdoor (Western-style)
ネクタイtie, necktie
ノート① notebook, copy-book, exercise book ② note ③ notebook PC
バス① bus ② bath ③ bass
パン① bread, pastries (e.g. croissants), pastry-based products ② pan, frying pan ③ panning (in a film)
フォーク① fork ② folk, folk song ③ hawk
プール① (swimming) pool ② pool (billiards) ③ pool (together)
ボールペンball-point pen
マッチ① match (contest, lighting fires. etc.) ② to match with, to go well with
メートルmetre, meter, meter (i.e., a gauge), gauge
レコード① record (e.g. LP) ② record (e.g. athletics)
レストランrestaurant (esp. Western-style)
安い 【やすい】① cheap, inexpensive ② calm, peaceful, quiet
一 【いち】① one ② best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective follows)
一つ 【ひとつ】① one ② for one thing (often used in itemized lists) ③ (after a noun) only ④ (with a verb in negative form) (not) even ⑤ just (i.e. "just try it")
飲む 【のむ】① to drink, to gulp, to swallow ② to smoke (tobacco) ③ to engulf, to overwhelm ④ to keep down, to suppress ⑤ to accept (e.g. demand, condition) ⑥ to make light of, to conceal
右 【みぎ】① right, right hand side ② afore-mentioned (esp. in vertical Japanese writing), foregoing, forgoing, above
駅 【えき】station
円 【えん】① Yen, money ② circle
下手 【へた】① unskillful, poor, awkward ② imprudent, untactful
どうぞ① please, kindly ② by all means
花 【はな】① flower, blossom, bloom, petal ② blooming (esp. of cherry blossoms), cherry blossom ③ ikebana ④ Japanese playing cards ⑤ beauty ⑥ (the) best
会社 【かいしゃ】① company, corporation ② workplace
外国 【がいこく】foreign country
学校 【がっこう】school
学生 【がくせい】student (esp. a university student)
休み 【やすみ】① rest, recess, respite ② vacation, holiday, absence, suspension ③ dormancy (of a silkworm prior to moulting)
休む 【やすむ】① to be absent, to take a day off ② to rest, to have a break ③ to go to bed, to (lie down to) sleep, to turn in, to retire ④ to stop doing some ongoing activity for a time, to suspend business
空 【そら】sky, the heavens
見せる 【みせる】to show, to display
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
古い 【ふるい】old (not person), aged, ancient, antiquated, stale, threadbare, outmoded, obsolete article
五 【ご】five
五つ 【いつつ】five
午後 【ごご】afternoon, p.m.
午前 【ごぜん】morning, a.m.
後ろ 【うしろ】back, behind, rear
語 【ご】① language ② word
口 【くち】① mouth ② opening, hole, gap, orifice ③ mouth (of a bottle), spout, nozzle, mouthpiece ④ gate, door, entrance, exit ⑤ speaking, speech, talk (i.e. gossip) ⑥ taste, palate ⑦ mouth (to feed) ⑧ opening (i.e. vacancy), available position ⑨ invitation, summons ⑩ kind, sort, type ⑪ opening (i.e. beginning) ⑫ counter for mouthfuls, shares (of money), and swords
高い 【たかい】① high, tall ② expensive
今 【いま】now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more
今月 【こんげつ】this month
今週 【こんしゅう】this week
左 【ひだり】left, left hand side
三つ 【みっつ】three
山 【やま】① mountain ② pile, heap ③ climax, critical point ④ speculated area covered by an examination
四つ 【よっつ】four
時 【とき】① time, hour ② occasion, moment
時間 【じかん】① time ② hours
耳 【みみ】① ear ② hearing ③ edge, crust ④ selvedge (non-fray machined edge of fabrics), selvage
七 【なな】seven
車 【くるま】① car, automobile, vehicle ② wheel
手 【て】① hand, arm ② handle ③ hand, worker, help ④ trouble, care, effort ⑤ means, way, trick, move, technique, workmanship ⑥ hand, handwriting ⑦ kind, type, sort ⑧ one's hands, one's possession ⑨ ability to cope ⑩ hand (of cards) ⑪ direction
週間 【しゅうかん】week, weekly
出す 【だす】① to take out, to get out ② to put out, to reveal, to show ③ to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in ④ to publish, to make public ⑤ to send (e.g. letter) ⑥ to produce (a sound), to start (fire) ⑦ to serve (food) ⑧ to begin
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
出口 【でぐち】exit, gateway, way out, outlet, leak, vent
出来る 【できる】① to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task ② to be ready, to be completed ③ to be made, to be built ④ to be good at, to be permitted (to do) ⑤ to become intimate, to take up (with somebody) ⑥ to grow, to be raised
書く 【かく】to write
女 【おんな】woman
女の子 【おんなのこ】girl
小さい 【ちいさい】small, little, tiny
少し 【すこし】① small quantity, little, few, something ② little while ③ short distance
上 【うえ】① above, up, over ② top, summit ③ surface, on ④ before, previous ⑤ superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder) ⑥ on top of that, besides, what's more ⑦ upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after) ⑧ matters concerning..., as concerns ... ⑨ since (i.e. "for that reason") ⑩ suffix indicating higher social standing
上げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to do up (one's hair) ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to show someone (into a room) ⑥ (uk) to summon (for geishas, etc.) ⑦ to send someone (away) ⑧ to enrol (one's child in school) (enroll) ⑨ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑩ to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice) ⑪ to earn (something desirable) ⑫ to praise ⑬ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑭ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑮ to arrest ⑯ to nominate ⑰ to give ⑱ to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) ⑲ to bear (a child) ⑳ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) ○ (of the tide) to come in ○ to vomit ○ (after the -te form of a verb) to do for (the sake of someone else) ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to complete ○ used after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility
上手 【じょうず】① skill, skillful, dexterity ② flattery
食べる 【たべる】to eat
新聞 【しんぶん】newspaper
人 【じん】① -ian (e.g. Italian, etc.) (attaches to name of country to denote nationality), -er (e.g. performer, etc.) (attaches to name of occupation) ② (usu. in compound words) man, person, people
水 【みず】water (cold, fresh)
生まれる 【うまれる】to be born
西 【にし】west
先 【さき】① previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding ② point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle ③ head (of a line), front ④ ahead, the other side ⑤ the future, hereafter ⑥ destination ⑦ the other party
先月 【せんげつ】last month
先週 【せんしゅう】last week, the week before
先生 【せんせい】① teacher, master, doctor ② with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific
千 【せん】1,000, thousand
前 【まえ】① ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour) ② in front (of), before (e.g. the house) ③ head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part ④ in the presence of ⑤ helping, portion ⑥ privates, private parts
足 【あし】① foot ② leg ③ gait ④ pace
大学 【だいがく】① post-secondary education institution, incl. university, college, etc. ② the Great Learning - one of the Four Books
大人 【おとな】adult
男 【おとこ】man
男の子 【おとこのこ】boy, male child, baby boy
長い 【ながい】① long (distance) ② long (time), lengthy
天気 【てんき】① weather, the elements ② fair weather, fine weather
電気 【でんき】① electricity ② (electric) light
電車 【でんしゃ】(electric) train
電話 【でんわ】telephone
東 【ひがし】east
道 【みち】① road, street, way, path, course, route, lane ② distance, ways (e.g. "a long ways") ③ the way (of proper conduct, etc.), one's way, morals ④ teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma ⑤ field (of medicine, etc.), subject ⑥ way, method, means
読む 【よむ】to read
南 【みなみ】south
二 【に】two
二つ 【ふたつ】two
日本語 【にほんご】Japanese (language)
入る 【はいる】① to enter ② to break into ③ to join, to enroll ④ to contain, to hold, to accommodate ⑤ to have (an income of)
入れる 【いれる】① to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.) ② to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire ③ to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to ④ to include ⑤ to pay (one's rent, etc.) ⑥ to cast (a vote) ⑦ to make (tea, coffee, etc.) ⑧ to turn on (a switch, etc.) ⑨ to send (a fax), to call
買う 【かう】① to buy ② to value, to have a high opinion ③ to stir, to provoke
白 【しろ】① white ② good guy, 'white hat'
白い 【しろい】white
半 【はん】half, semi-
半分 【はんぶん】half
百 【ひゃく】100, hundred
父 【ちち】father
分 【ふん】minute
母 【はは】mother
北 【きた】north
本 【ほん】① book, volume ② main, head, this, our, present, real ③ counter for long cylindrical things
毎週 【まいしゅう】every week
毎日 【まいにち】every day
名前 【なまえ】① name, full name ② given name, first name
木 【き】tree, wood, timber
来る 【くる】① to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive ② to come back, to do ... and come back ③ to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue ④ to come from, to be caused by, to derive from ⑤ to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
来月 【らいげつ】next month
来週 【らいしゅう】next week
来年 【らいねん】next year
話す 【はなす】to speak
何 【なに】① what ② how many (some counter)
何 【なん】① what ② how many (some counter)
魚 【さかな】fish
九 【きゅう】nine
行く 【いく】① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
今日 【きょう】today, this day
今年 【ことし】this year
三 【さん】three
四 【よん】four
十 【じゅう】10, ten
人 【ひと】① man, person ② human being, mankind, people ③ character, personality ④ man of talent, true man ⑤ other people ⑥ adult
店 【みせ】store, shop, establishment
八 【はち】eight
毎年 【まいとし】every year, yearly, annually
万 【まん】① 10,000, ten thousand ② myriads ③ everything, all
六 【ろく】six
言う 【いう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
大きい 【おおきい】big, large, great, loud
聞く 【きく】① to hear ② to listen (e.g. to music) ③ to ask, to enquire, to query
国 【くに】① country, (the) state ② region ③ home (i.e. hometown, home country)
立つ 【たつ】① to stand, to rise, to stand up ② to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position) ③ to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
出かける 【でかける】to depart, to go out (e.g. on an excursion or outing), to set out, to start, to be going out
話 【はなし】① talk, speech, chat, story, conversation ② discussions, negotiation, argument
分かる 【わかる】① to be understood, to be comprehended, to be grasped ② to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
母さん 【かあさん】mother
父さん 【とうさん】father
時 【じ】① hour, o'clock ② (specified) time, when ..., during ...
日 【にち】① Sunday ② day (of the month) ③ counter for days
年 【ねん】① year (e.g. AD) ② counter for years
いるauxillary verb for continuing action or state
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
お茶 【おちゃ】① tea (usu. green) ② tea break (at work) ③ tea ceremony
悪い 【わるい】① bad, poor, inferior ② evil, sinful ③ unprofitable, unbeneficial ④ at fault, to blame, in the wrong ⑤ sorry
暗い 【くらい】① dark, gloomy ② dark (in colour), dull ③ depressed, dispirited ④ sorrowful, bitter (as in a dark past) ⑤ unclear, unfamiliar, unknown
意味 【いみ】meaning, significance
医者 【いしゃ】(medical) doctor, physician
引く 【ひく】① to pull ② to draw (attention, etc.), to attract (interest, etc.) ③ to draw back ④ to draw (a card) ⑤ to draw (plan, line, etc.) ⑥ to catch (cold) ⑦ to play (string instr.) ⑧ to look up (e.g. dictionary), to consult ⑨ to haul, to pull (vehicles) ⑩ to subtract ⑪ to ebb, to fade ⑫ to descend (from), to inherit (a characteristic) ⑬ to quote, to raise (as evidence) ⑭ to lay (a cable), to draw (a cable)
映画 【えいが】movie, film
英語 【えいご】English (language)
遠い 【とおい】far, distant
音楽 【おんがく】music, musical movement
夏 【なつ】summer
夏休み 【なつやすみ】summer vacation, summer holiday
家族 【かぞく】family, members of a family
火曜日 【かようび】Tuesday
会う 【あう】① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
回 【かい】① counter for occurrences ② counter for innings (baseball)
海 【うみ】sea, beach
開ける 【あける】① to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package) ② to open (for business, etc.)
楽しい 【たのしい】enjoyable, fun
寒い 【さむい】① cold (e.g. weather) ② dull, uninteresting, lame
漢字 【かんじ】Chinese characters, kanji
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
起きる 【おきる】① to get up, to rise ② to wake up ③ to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents), to happen, to take place
牛肉 【ぎゅうにく】beef
去年 【きょねん】last year
強い 【つよい】① strong, powerful, mighty, potent ② resistant, resilient, durable
教える 【おしえる】to teach, to inform, to instruct
教室 【きょうしつ】classroom
近い 【ちかい】near, close, short (distance)
近く 【ちかく】① near, neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity ② nearly (i.e. "it took nearly one year"), close to ③ shortly, soon
金曜日 【きんようび】Friday
銀行 【ぎんこう】bank
兄さん 【にいさん】① older brother, elder brother ② brother (as older-brother figure in friendly and or work relationship) ③ (vocative) young man, buddy, fella, laddie
兄弟 【きょうだい】siblings, brothers and sisters
軽い 【かるい】① light (i.e. not heavy), feeling light (i.e. offering little resistance, moving easily) ② light (i.e. of foot), nimble, agile ③ non-serious, minor, unimportant, trivial ④ slight, small, gentle, soft ⑤ easy, simple ⑥ indiscriminate
月 【つき】① moon ② month
月曜日 【げつようび】Monday
建物 【たてもの】building
犬 【いぬ】① dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris) ② snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.) ③ counterfeit, inferior, useless, wasteful
元気 【げんき】health(y), robust, vigor, vigour, energy, vitality, vim, stamina, spirit, courage, pep
ご飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
好き 【すき】liking, fondness, love
広い 【ひろい】spacious, vast, wide
考える 【かんがえる】to consider, to think about
黒 【くろ】① black ② dark ③ bad guy, 'black hat'
黒い 【くろい】① black ② dark ③ illicit, wicked, underground
有る 【ある】① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
作文 【さくぶん】① writing (an essay, prose, etc.), composition ② formal writing with little real meaning
仕事 【しごと】① work, job, business, occupation, employment, vocation, task ② work
使う 【つかう】① to use (a thing, method, etc.), to make use of, to put to use ② to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.), to employ, to handle, to manage, to manipulate ③ to use (time, money, etc.), to spend, to consume ④ to use (language), to speak ⑤ to take (one's lunch), to circulate (bad money)
始まる 【はじまる】to begin
姉 【あね】older sister, elder sister
姉さん 【ねえさん】① elder sister ② (vocative) young lady ③ miss (referring to a waitress, etc.) ④ ma'am (used by geisha to refer to their superiors)
止まる 【とまる】① to stop, to halt ② to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place) ③ to come to a halt ④ to be limited to
死ぬ 【しぬ】to die
私 【わたし】① I, me ② private affairs, personal matter, secrecy ③ selfishness
持つ 【もつ】① to hold, to carry ② to possess
時計 【とけい】watch, clock, timepiece
自転車 【じてんしゃ】bicycle
自動車 【じどうしゃ】automobile
自分 【じぶん】① myself, yourself, oneself, himself, herself ② I, me
質問 【しつもん】question, inquiry, enquiry
写真 【しゃしん】① photograph, photo ② movie
借りる 【かりる】① to borrow, to have a loan ② to rent, to hire
弱い 【よわい】weak, frail, delicate, tender, unskilled, weak (wine)
手紙 【てがみ】letter
秋 【あき】autumn, fall
習う 【ならう】to learn
住む 【すむ】to live (of humans), to reside, to inhabit, to dwell, to abide
重い 【おもい】① heavy, massive ② serious, important, severe, oppressed
春 【はる】① spring, springtime ② new year ③ prime (of one's life, etc.) ④ adolescence, puberty ⑤ sexuality
始め 【はじめ】beginning, start, origin
暑い 【あつい】hot (weather, etc.), warm
少ない 【すくない】few, a little, scarce, insufficient, seldom
乗る 【のる】① to get on, to ride in, to board, to mount, to get up on ② to spread (paints), to be taken in ③ to share in, to join, to feel like doing, to be mentioned in, to be in harmony with ④ to appear (in print), to be recorded, to be found in (a dictionary)
色 【いろ】① colour, color ② complexion ③ appearance, look ④ love, lust, sensuality, love affair, lover ⑤ kind, type, variety
食べ物 【たべもの】food
食堂 【しょくどう】① dining room, dining hall, cafeteria, messroom ② restaurant, eatery, snack bar, diner
新しい 【あたらしい】new
図書館 【としょかん】library
水曜日 【すいようび】Wednesday
青 【あお】① blue ② green ③ green light ④ black (horse coat color) ⑤ immature, unripe, young
青い 【あおい】① blue, green ② pale ③ unripe, inexperienced
赤い 【あかい】① red ② Red (i.e. communist)
切る 【きる】① to cut (usu. to cut through) ② to sever (connections, ties) ③ to turn off (i.e. the light) ④ to terminate (i.e. a conversation), to hang up (the phone), to disconnect ⑤ to punch (a ticket), to tear off (a stub) ⑥ to open (something sealed) ⑦ to start ⑧ to set (a limit) ⑨ to reduce, to decrease, to discount ⑩ to shake off (water, etc.), to let drip-dry (or drain) ⑪ to cross ⑫ to do (something noticeable) ⑬ to turn (a vehicle) ⑭ to cut (the ball) ⑮ to shuffle (cards) ⑯ to trump ⑰ (in Go) to isolate (an opponent's stone) ⑱ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to finish, to complete
切手 【きって】stamp (postage), merchandise certificate
洗う 【あらう】① to wash ② to investigate
走る 【はしる】① to run ② to travel (movement of vehicles) ③ to hurry to ④ to retreat (from battle), to take flight ⑤ to run away from home ⑥ to elope ⑦ to tend heavily toward
早い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
多い 【おおい】many, numerous
多分 【たぶん】① perhaps, probably ② generous, many, much, great
太い 【ふとい】① fat, thick ② deep (of a voice) ③ daring, shameless, brazen
待つ 【まつ】① to wait ② to await, to look forward to, to anticipate ③ (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
貸す 【かす】① to lend, to loan ② to rent out, to hire out
台所 【だいどころ】kitchen
大きな 【おおきな】big, large, great
大好き 【だいすき】loveable, very likeable, like very much
大使館 【たいしかん】embassy
大切 【たいせつ】important, valuable, worthy of care
短い 【みじかい】short
知る 【しる】to know, to understand, to be acquainted with, to feel
地図 【ちず】map
茶色 【ちゃいろ】light brown, tawny
着く 【つく】① to arrive at, to reach ② to sit on, to sit at (e.g. the table)
着る 【きる】① to wear (in modern Japanese, from the shoulders down), to put on ② to bear (guilt, etc.)
昼 【ひる】① noon, midday ② daytime ③ lunch
朝 【あさ】morning
鳥 【とり】① bird ② bird meat (esp. chicken meat), fowl, poultry
低い 【ひくい】low (height, tone, rank, degree, cost, etc.), short
度 【ど】① degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.) ② counter for occurrences and times ③ strength (of alcohol)
土曜日 【どようび】Saturday
冬 【ふゆ】winter
答える 【こたえる】to answer, to reply
働く 【はたらく】① to work, to labor, to labour ② to function, to operate, to be effective, to work (i.e. ... works), to come into play ③ to commit (e.g. a crime), to perpetrate, to do, to act, to practise, to practice ④ to be conjugated
動物 【どうぶつ】animal
同じ 【おなじ】① same, identical, equal, uniform, equivalent, similar, common (origin), changeless, alike ② (usu. part of a 'nara' conditional) anyway, anyhow, in either case
肉 【にく】① flesh ② meat ③ the physical body (as opposed to the spirit) ④ thickness ⑤ ink pad
日曜日 【にちようび】Sunday
売る 【うる】to sell
病院 【びょういん】hospital
病気 【びょうき】illness, disease, sickness
風 【かぜ】wind, breeze
服 【ふく】① clothes (esp. Western clothes) ② counter for doses of medicine, gulps of tea, drags of a cigarette, etc.
物 【もの】① thing, object ② the natural thing, a frequently done thing ③ used to express emotional involvement ④ used in giving a reason
勉強 【べんきょう】① study ② diligence ③ discount, reduction
歩く 【あるく】to walk
妹 【いもうと】younger sister
毎朝 【まいあさ】every morning
明るい 【あかるい】① bright, colourful ② cheerful ③ familiar (with), knowledgeable (about) ④ fair (e.g. politics), clean
木曜日 【もくようび】Thursday
問題 【もんだい】problem, question
夜 【よる】evening, night
野菜 【やさい】vegetable
薬 【くすり】① medicine, pharmaceuticals, (legal) drugs ② efficacious chemical (i.e. gunpowder, pesticide, etc.) ③ (pottery) glaze ④ small bribe
有名 【ゆうめい】① famous ② fame
夕べ 【ゆうべ】① evening ② last night
夕方 【ゆうがた】evening
洋服 【ようふく】Western-style clothes (cf traditional Japanese clothes)
旅行 【りょこう】travel, trip
料理 【りょうり】① cooking, cookery, cuisine ② dealing with something, handling, administration, management
今朝 【けさ】this morning
上着 【うわぎ】coat, tunic, jacket, outer garment
頭 【あたま】① head ② mind, brain, intellect ③ top ④ hair (on one's head) ⑤ bangs, fringe ⑥ top structural component of a kanji
明日 【あした】tomorrow
門 【もん】① gate ② branch of learning based on the teachings of a single master ③ (biological) division ④ counter for cannons
開く 【あく】① to open (e.g. doors) ② to open (e.g. business, etc.)
色々 【いろいろ】various
歌う 【うたう】① to sing ② to sing (one's praises in a poem, etc.)
思う 【おもう】① to think, to consider, to believe ② to think (of doing), to plan (to do) ③ to judge, to assess, to regard ④ to imagine, to suppose, to dream ⑤ to expect, to look forward to ⑥ to feel, to desire, to want ⑦ to recall, to remember
終わる 【おわる】to finish, to end, to close
買い物 【かいもの】shopping, purchased goods
作る 【つくる】① to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct ② to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol) ③ to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train ④ to till ⑤ to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write ⑥ to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose ⑦ to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found ⑧ to have (a child) ⑨ to make up (one's face, etc.) ⑩ to fabricate (an excuse, etc.) ⑪ to form (a line, etc.) ⑫ to set (a record) ⑬ to commit (a sin, etc.)
飲み物 【のみもの】drink, beverage
町 【まち】① town, block, neighbourhood, neighborhood ② street, road ③ 109.09 m ④ 0.99 hectares
赤 【あか】① red, crimson, scarlet ② red-containing colour (e.g. brown, pink, orange) ③ red light ④ red ink (i.e. in finance or proof-reading), (in) the red ⑤ complete, total, perfect, obvious
屋 【や】① (something) shop ② somebody who sells (something) or works as (something) ③ somebody with a (certain) personality trait ④ house ⑤ roof
小さな 【ちいさな】small, little, tiny
泳ぐ 【およぐ】to swim
横 【よこ】① horizontal (as opposed to vertical), lying down ② side-to-side (as opposed to front-to-back), width, breadth ③ side (of a box, etc.) ④ beside, aside, next to ⑤ unconnected
黄色い 【きいろい】yellow
家庭 【かてい】home, family, household
荷物 【にもつ】① luggage, baggage ② burden ③ payload (of a packet, cell, etc.)
絵 【え】picture, drawing, painting, sketch
階 【かい】① stories, storeys ② counter for storeys and floors of a building
勤める 【つとめる】① to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in) ② to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of) ③ to conduct a religious service
君 【きみ】you, buddy, pal
言葉 【ことば】① language, dialect ② word, words, phrase, term, expression, remark ③ speech, (manner of) speaking
戸 【と】door (esp. Japanese-style)
公園 【こうえん】(public) park
向こう 【むこう】① opposite side, other side, opposite direction ② over there, that way, far away, beyond ③ the other party, the other person ④ future (starting now)
細い 【ほそい】thin, slender, fine
皿 【さら】① plate, dish, platter, disc ② serving, helping, course ③ kanji radical 108 (at the bottom)
歯 【は】tooth
取る 【とる】① to take, to pick up, to harvest, to earn, to choose ② to steal ③ to eat, to have (a meal) ④ to remove (one's glasses, etc.)
宿題 【しゅくだい】homework
消える 【きえる】to go out, to vanish, to disappear
消す 【けす】① to erase, to delete, to cross out ② to turn off power ③ to extinguish, to put out
登る 【のぼる】① to ascend, to go up, to climb ② to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise ③ to go to (the capital) ④ to be promoted ⑤ to add up to ⑥ to advance (in price) ⑦ to swim up (a river), to sail up ⑧ to come up (on the agenda)
晴れ 【はれ】① clear weather ② public, formal ③ cleared of suspicion
晴れる 【はれる】① to clear up, to clear away, to be sunny, to stop raining ② to refresh (e.g. spirits) ③ to be cleared (e.g. of a suspicion) ④ to be dispelled, to be banished
雪 【ゆき】snow
全部 【ぜんぶ】all, entire, whole, altogether
速い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
地下鉄 【ちかてつ】underground train, subway
飛ぶ 【とぶ】to fly, to soar
庭 【にわ】garden
豚肉 【ぶたにく】pork
番号 【ばんごう】number, series of digits
美味しい 【おいしい】① delicious, tasty ② nice (move in sport, trick, etc., nuance of being easy or a bit lucky), sweet
鼻 【はな】nose
部屋 【へや】① room ② sumo stable
文章 【ぶんしょう】① sentence, article, composition ② (writing) style
返す 【かえす】① to return (something), to restore, to put back ② to pay back, to retaliate, to reciprocate
方 【かた】① direction, way ② person, lady, gentleman ③ method of, manner of, way of ④ care of .. ⑤ person in charge of .. ⑥ side (e.g. "on my mother's side")
本当 【ほんとう】truth, reality
無い 【ない】① nonexistent, not being (there) ② unpossessed, unowned, not had ③ unique ④ indicates negation, inexperience, unnecessariness or impossibility ⑤ (after the ren'youkei form of an adjective) not ... ⑥ (after the -te form of a verb) to not be..., to have not ...
無くす 【なくす】① to lose something ② to get rid of ③ to lose someone (wife, child, etc.)
鳴く 【なく】① to sing (bird) ② to bark, to purr, to make sound (animal)
面白い 【おもしろい】interesting, amusing
遊ぶ 【あそぶ】① to play, to enjoy oneself, to have a good time ② to mess about (with alcohol, gambling, philandery, etc.) ③ to be idle, to do nothing, to be unused ④ to go to (for pleasure or for study) ⑤ (in baseball) to intentionally throw a ball to lower the batter's concentration
葉書 【はがき】① postcard ② memo, note, card
留学生 【りゅうがくせい】overseas student, exchange student
緑 【みどり】① green ② greenery (esp. fresh verdure)
練習 【れんしゅう】practice, practise
一昨日 【おととい】day before yesterday
一昨年 【いっさくねん】year before last
黄色 【きいろ】yellow, amber
昨日 【きのう】yesterday
真っ直ぐ 【まっすぐ】① straight (ahead), direct, upright, erect ② straightforward, honest, frank
側 【がわ】① side (of something, or taking someone's side), part ② (watch) case
弟 【おとうと】younger brother
両親 【りょうしん】parents, both parents
丸い 【まるい】① round, circular, spherical ② harmonious, calm
本当に 【ほんとうに】really, truly
番 【ばん】① number (in a series) ② (one's) turn ③ watch, guard, lookout ④ bout, match (sumo)
お腹 【おなか】stomach
違う 【ちがう】① to differ (from), to vary ② to not be in the usual condition ③ to not match the correct (answer, etc.) ④ to be different from promised
一緒 【いっしょ】① together ② at the same time ③ same, identical
汚い 【きたない】dirty, unclean, filthy
奥さん 【おくさん】wife, your wife, his wife, married lady, madam
押す 【おす】① to push, to press ② to apply pressure from above, to press down ③ to stamp (i.e. a passport), to apply a seal
果物 【くだもの】fruit
過ぎ 【すぎ】① past, after ② too (much), over (e.g. eating)
皆さん 【みなさん】all, everyone, everybody
階段 【かいだん】stairs, stairway, staircase
覚える 【おぼえる】① to remember, to recollect, to memorize, to memorise ② to feel
甘い 【あまい】① sweet, delicious ② fragrant (smelling), sweet (music) ③ lightly salted ④ naive, overly optimistic, soft on, generous, indulgent, easy-going ⑤ half-hearted, not finished properly ⑥ tempting (e.g. words), promising
危ない 【あぶない】① dangerous, risky, hazardous, perilous, precarious ② in danger, in jeopardy, critical, grave, at risk ③ uncertain, unreliable, insecure, unsteady, doubtful ④ close (i.e. a close call), narrow ⑤ look out!, watch out!
机 【つくえ】desk
喫茶店 【きっさてん】coffee lounge, coffee shop, (rather formal) cafe
吸う 【すう】① to smoke, to breathe in, to inhale ② to suck, to sip, to slurp ③ to absorb, to soak up ④ to kiss
牛乳 【ぎゅうにゅう】(cow's) milk
狭い 【せまい】narrow, confined, small
靴 【くつ】shoes, footwear
靴下 【くつした】socks, sock, stockings, stocking
警官 【けいかん】policeman
結構 【けっこう】① splendid, nice, wonderful, delicious, sweet ② sufficient, fine (in the sense of "I'm fine"), (by implication) no thank you ③ well enough, OK, tolerable ④ reasonably, fairly, tolerably
結婚 【けっこん】marriage
個 【こ】① counter for articles ② counter for military units ③ individual
呼ぶ 【よぶ】① to call out (to), to call, to invoke ② to summon (a doctor, etc.) ③ to invite ④ to designate, to name, to brand ⑤ to garner (support, etc.), to gather
厚い 【あつい】① thick, deep, heavy ② kind, cordial, hospitable, warm, faithful ③ serious (of an illness) ④ abundant
紅茶 【こうちゃ】black tea
降る 【ふる】to precipitate, to fall (e.g. rain)
今晩 【こんばん】tonight, this evening
困る 【こまる】to be troubled, to be worried, to be bothered, to be embarrassed, to be stumped
座る 【すわる】① to sit, to squat ② to assume (a position) ③ to hold steady, to hold still
財布 【さいふ】purse, handbag, wallet
咲く 【さく】to bloom
冊 【さつ】counter for books
雑誌 【ざっし】journal, magazine, periodical
子供 【こども】child, children
辞書 【じしょ】dictionary, lexicon
若い 【わかい】young
授業 【じゅぎょう】lesson, class work
初めて 【はじめて】① for the first time ② only after ... is it ..., only when ... do you ...
寝る 【ねる】① to lie down ② to go to bed, to lie in bed ③ to sleep (lying down) ④ to sleep (with someone, i.e. have intercourse) ⑤ to lie idle
辛い 【つらい】painful, bitter, heart-breaking
吹く 【ふく】① to blow (wind, etc.), to play a wind instrument ② to emit, to spout ③ to whistle
生徒 【せいと】pupil
静か 【しずか】quiet, peaceful
切符 【きっぷ】ticket
洗濯 【せんたく】washing, laundry
掃除 【そうじ】cleaning, sweeping
窓 【まど】window
大変 【たいへん】① very, greatly ② immense, enormous, great ③ serious, grave, dreadful, terrible ④ difficult, hard
置く 【おく】① to put, to place ② to leave (behind) ③ to do something in advance (usu. following te-form verb)
遅い 【おそい】① slow ② late (e.g. "late at night") ③ too late
痛い 【いたい】① painful, sore ② exceeding
閉まる 【しまる】to be shut, to close, to be closed
渡す 【わたす】① to ferry across (a river, etc.), to carry across, to traverse ② to lay across, to build across ③ to hand over, to hand in, to pass, to give, to transfer
渡る 【わたる】① to cross over, to go across ② to extend, to cover, to range, to span
難しい 【むずかしい】difficult
猫 【ねこ】① cat ② shamisen ③ geisha ④ wheelbarrow ⑤ clay bed-warmer
熱い 【あつい】hot (thing)
薄い 【うすい】① thin ② pale, light ③ watery, dilute, sparse ④ weak (taste, etc.) ⑤ slim (probability, etc.), small
晩 【ばん】① evening ② counter for nights
彼 【かれ】① he, him ② boyfriend
彼ら 【かれら】they (usually male), them
彼女 【かのじょ】① she, her ② girl friend, girlfriend, sweetheart
疲れる 【つかれる】① to get tired, to tire ② to be worn out (e.g. of well used objects)
飛行機 【ひこうき】aeroplane, airplane, aircraft
必要 【ひつよう】① necessary, needed, essential, indispensable ② necessity, need, requirement
封筒 【ふうとう】envelope
並ぶ 【ならぶ】① to line up, to stand in a line ② to rival, to match, to equal
並べる 【ならべる】① to line up, to set up ② to enumerate, to itemize
閉める 【しめる】to close, to shut
便利 【べんり】convenient, handy, useful
帽子 【ぼうし】hat, cap
忘れる 【わすれる】to forget, to leave carelessly, to be forgetful of, to forget about, to forget (an article)
忙しい 【いそがしい】busy, hectic, occupied, engaged
磨く 【みがく】① to polish, to shine, to brush (e.g. teeth) ② to refine, to improve
枚 【まい】counter for flat objects (e.g. sheets of paper)
毎晩 【まいばん】every night
友達 【ともだち】friend, companion
要る 【いる】to need
欲しい 【ほしい】① wanted, wished for, in need of, desired ② (after the -te form of a verb) I want (you) to
浴びる 【あびる】to bathe, to bask in the sun, to shower
頼む 【たのむ】① to request, to beg, to ask ② to call, to order, to reserve ③ to entrust to ④ to rely on
卵 【たまご】① eggs, egg, spawn, roe ② hen egg ③ (an expert) in the making
涼しい 【すずしい】cool (of weather), refreshing
冷たい 【つめたい】① cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing ② coldhearted, unfeeling
冷蔵庫 【れいぞうこ】refrigerator
塩 【しお】salt
可愛い 【かわいい】① cute, adorable, charming, lovely, pretty ② dear, precious, darling, pet ③ cute little, tiny
居る 【いる】① to be (of animate objects), to exist ② to stay ③ (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing)
ころ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
ごろ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
いいえ① no, nay ② well, er, why
匹 【ひき】① counter for small animals ② counter for rolls of cloth (two han in size) ③ roll of cloth
余り 【あまり】① remainder, rest, balance, remains, scraps, residue, remnant ② not very (with negative sentence), not much ③ surplus, excess, fullness, too much ④ overjoyed, overwhelmed ⑤ more than, over
暖かい 【あたたかい】warm, mild, genial
降りる 【おりる】① to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount ② to quit, to withdraw, to pull back (from a position, a job) ③ to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.)
交差点 【こうさてん】crossing, intersection
段々 【だんだん】gradually, by degrees
達 【たち】pluralizing suffix (esp. for people & animals; formerly honorific)
椅子 【いす】① chair ② post, office, position
鉛筆 【えんぴつ】pencil
掛かる 【かかる】① to take ② to hang ③ to come into view, to arrive ④ to come under (a contract, a tax) ⑤ to start (engines, motors) ⑥ to attend, to deal with, to handle ⑦ to have started to, to be on the verge of ⑧ to overlap (e.g. information in a manual), to cover ⑨ to (come) at ⑩ to be fastened ⑪ to be covered (e.g. with dust, a table-cloth, etc.) ⑫ to be caught in ⑬ to get a call ⑭ to depend on
鞄 【かばん】bag, satchel, briefcase, basket
幾ら 【いくら】how much?, how many?
貴方 【あなた】① you (referring to someone of equal or lower status) ② dear (what a wife calls a husband)
鍵 【かぎ】① key ② lock
玄関 【げんかん】entranceway, entry hall, vestibule, foyer
砂糖 【さとう】sugar
撮る 【とる】to take (a photo), to make (a film)
傘 【かさ】umbrella, parasol
大丈夫 【だいじょうぶ】safe, all right, OK, okay
沢山 【たくさん】many, a lot, much
脱ぐ 【ぬぐ】to take off (clothes, shoes, etc.), to undress
誰 【だれ】who
弾く 【ひく】to play (piano, guitar)
丁度 【ちょうど】just, right, exactly
貼る 【はる】to stick, to paste, to affix
締める 【しめる】① to tie, to fasten ② to total, to sum ③ to be strict with ④ to economize (economise), to cut down on
賑やか 【にぎやか】bustling, busy
箸 【はし】chopsticks
風呂 【ふろ】① bath, bathtub ② bathroom, bathhouse ③ room for drying lacquerware ④ base (wooden joint connecting the blade of a hoe, spade, etc., to the handle)
弁当 【べんとう】bento (Japanese box lunch)
僕 【ぼく】① I, me ② you (used addressing young children) ③ manservant
殆ど 【ほとんど】mostly, almost
本棚 【ほんだな】bookshelves, bookshelf, bookcase
立派 【りっぱ】splendid, fine, handsome, elegant, imposing, prominent, legal, legitimate
隣 【となり】neighbor (neighbour), next to (esp. living next door to)
なぜwhy, how
暇 【ひま】① spare time, free time, leisure ② time off, day off, vacation, holiday, leave ③ quitting (one's job), firing someone, divorcing (one's spouse) ④ (of one's time) free, (of one's business) slow ⑤ leaving, departing
眼鏡 【めがね】① spectacles, glasses ② judgement, discrimination, discernment, insight
丈夫 【じょうぶ】healthy, robust, strong, solid, durable
風邪 【かぜ】cold (illness), common cold
嫌 【いや】disagreeable, detestable, unpleasant, reluctant
煙草 【たばこ】tobacco, cigarettes
良い 【よい】① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
叔父 【おじ】uncle (younger than one's parent)
叔母 【おば】aunt (younger than one's parent)
嫌がる 【いやがる】to hate, to dislike
あそこ① there (place physically distant from both speaker and listener), over there, that place, yonder ② that far (something psychologically distant from both speaker and listener), that much, that point
あのthat (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
あれ① that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly) ② that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors) ③ hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh? ④ that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
こちら① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
こっち① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
そしてand, and then, thus, and now
そちら① that way (direction distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ② there (place distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ③ that one (something close to the listener) ④ you, your family ⑤ that person (someone close to the listener)
そっち① that way (direction distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ② there (place distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ③ that one (something close to the listener) ④ you, your family ⑤ that person (someone close to the listener)
その① that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the ② um..., er..., uh...
それ① that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it ② that time, then
つまらない① dull, uninteresting, boring ② insignificant, trifling
とても① very, awfully, exceedingly ② (before a negative form) (not) at all, by no means, simply (cannot)
どうhow, in what way, how about
どっち① which way, which direction, where ② which one (esp. of two alternatives) ③ who
どれ① which (of three or more) ② whichever, any ③ well, now, let me see
やる① to do ② to have sexual intercourse ③ to kill ④ to give (to inferiors, animals, etc.) ⑤ to do for (inferiors) ⑥ to send (e.g. somebody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g. letter) (despatch) ⑦ to move (something to), to row (a boat) ⑧ (used in place of other verb) to have (eat, drink, smoke), to study, to run or operate (a restaurant)
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
ちょっと① just a minute, short time, just a little ② somewhat, easily, readily, rather ③ (before a verb in negative form) (will not) easily ④ hey!
いつも① always, usually, every time ② never (with neg. verb)
どちら① which way, which direction, where ② which one (esp. of two alternatives) ③ who
いくつ① how many? ② how old?
くれるto give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
ここ① here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place ② these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker) ③ these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
ことthing, matter, fact, circumstances, business, reason, experience
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
石鹸 【せっけん】soap
それでは① well then ... ② in that situation, in which case
どうしてwhy?, for what reason, how, in what way, for what purpose, what for
うるさい① noisy, loud ② fussy ③ annoying, troublesome, tiresome, importunate ④ bossy
あちら① that way (direction distant from both speaker and listener), over there, yonder ② that one (something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener), that ③ that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener) ④ there (place distant from both speaker and listener), over there, foreign country (esp. a Western nation)
あっち① that way (direction distant from both speaker and listener), over there, yonder ② that one (something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener), that ③ that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener) ④ there (place distant from both speaker and listener), over there, foreign country (esp. a Western nation)
まずい① unappetising, unappetizing, unpleasant (taste, appearance, situation) ② unskillful, unskilful, bungling, clumsy ③ ugly, homely, plain, unattractive ④ awkward, untimely, inopportune, unfavorable, unwise
またagain, and, also, still (doing something)
まだ① as yet, hitherto, still ② not yet (with negative verb)
もちろんof course, certainly, naturally
どこ① where, what place ② how much (long, far), what extent
いかがhow, in what way, how about
このthis (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
きれい① pretty, lovely, beautiful, fair ② clean, clear, pure, tidy, neat ③ completely, entirely
醤油 【しょうゆ】soy sauce, shoyu
よう① (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) appearing ..., looking ... ② (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) way to ..., method of ...ing ③ (usu. after a noun) form, style, design ④ (usu. after a noun) like, similar to ⑤ thing (thought or spoken)
つけるto turn on, to switch on, to light up
どのwhich, what (way)
もう一度 【もういちど】once more, again
そこ① there (place relatively near listener) ② there (place just mentioned), that place ③ then (of some incident just spoken of), that (of point just raised)
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
いらっしゃる① to come, to go, to be (somewhere) ② (after a -te form, or the particle "de") is (doing), are (doing)
うん① yeah, uh huh ② some (at the start of a number in place of a digit)
さっきsome time ago
すっかりall, completely, thoroughly
ちゃんsuffix for familiar person
はっきりclearly, plainly, distinctly
やっとat last, at length
そろそろ① gradually, steadily, quietly, slowly ② soon, momentarily, before long, any time now
上がる 【あがる】① to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised ② to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in ③ to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade ④ to get out (of water), to come ashore ⑤ to increase ⑥ to improve, to make progress ⑦ to be promoted, to advance ⑧ to be made (of profit, etc.) ⑨ to occur (esp. of a favourable result) ⑩ to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.) ⑪ to be finished, to be done, to be over ⑫ (of rain) to stop, to lift ⑬ to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die ⑭ to win (in a card game, etc.) ⑮ to be arrested ⑯ to turn up (of evidence, etc.) ⑰ to be deep fried ⑱ to be spoken loudly ⑲ to get stage fright ⑳ to be offered (to the gods, etc.) ○ to go, to visit ○ to eat, to drink ○ to be listed (as a candidate) ○ to serve (in one's master's home) ○ (in Kyoto) to go north ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) indicates completion
日本 【にっぽん】Japan
お子さん 【おこさん】(someone else's) child
アルバイト① part-time job, side job ② albite
カーテンcurtain, curtains
ガソリンgasoline, petrol
タイプ① type, kind, sort, style ② typewriter, typing
テキスト① text ② text book
ビル① building ② bill
プレゼント① present, gift ② to give a present or gift
ベル① bell ② bel, B
ママ① Mama ② female proprietress (of a bar, etc.)
安心 【あんしん】relief, peace of mind
以下 【いか】① not exceeding, and downward, ... and below ② below (e.g. standard), under (e.g. a level) ③ the below-mentioned, the following, the rest
以外 【いがい】with the exception of, excepting
以上 【いじょう】① not less than, ... and more, ... and upwards ② beyond ... (e.g. one's means), further (e.g. nothing further to say), more than ... (e.g. cannot pay more than that) ③ above-mentioned, foregoing ④ since ..., seeing that ... ⑤ this is all, that is the end, the end
意見 【いけん】opinion, view
医学 【いがく】medical science, medicine
員 【いん】member
運ぶ 【はこぶ】① to carry, to transport, to move, to convey ② to come, to go ③ to wield (a tool, etc.), to use ④ to go (well, etc.), to proceed, to progress
運転 【うんてん】operation, motion, driving
運動 【うんどう】motion, exercise
屋上 【おくじょう】rooftop
下げる 【さげる】to hang, to lower, to move back, to wear, to dismiss, to grant
下さる 【くださる】to give, to confer
下着 【したぎ】underwear
火 【ひ】fire, flame, blaze
火事 【かじ】fire, conflagration
花見 【はなみ】cherry blossom viewing, flower viewing
会 【かい】① meeting, assembly, party ② association, club
会場 【かいじょう】assembly hall, meeting place, the grounds
会話 【かいわ】conversation
開く 【ひらく】① to open (e.g. a bank-account, festival, etc.) ② to spread out, to open up (flower bud, umbrella, etc.), to widen (gap, distance, width) ③ to hold, to give (party, conference, etc.)
楽しみ 【たのしみ】① enjoyment, pleasure, diversion, amusement, hobby ② anticipation, looking forward to
楽しむ 【たのしむ】to enjoy oneself
間に合う 【まにあう】① to be in time for ② to serve (suit, meet) the purpose, to be good enough, to be enough
気 【き】① spirit, mind, heart ② nature, disposition ③ motivation, intention ④ mood, feelings ⑤ atmosphere, essence
気分 【きぶん】feeling, mood
起こす 【おこす】to raise, to cause, to wake someone
急 【きゅう】① urgent, sudden, abrupt ② sharp, steep, precipitous ③ rapid, swift, fast ④ emergency, crisis ⑤ hurrying, haste ⑥ (in gagaku or noh) end of a song
急ぐ 【いそぐ】to hurry, to rush, to hasten, to make something happen sooner
急行 【きゅうこう】① moving at high speed ② express (e.g. train that bypasses many stations)
教会 【きょうかい】church
金持ち 【かねもち】rich man
空気 【くうき】air, atmosphere
計画 【けいかく】plan, project, schedule, scheme, program, programme
建てる 【たてる】to build, to construct
研究 【けんきゅう】study, research, investigation
見える 【みえる】① to be seen, to be in sight ② to look, to seem, to appear ③ to come
見物 【けんぶつ】sightseeing, sightseer, watching, watcher
工業 【こうぎょう】(manufacturing) industry
校長 【こうちょう】principal, headmaster
高校 【こうこう】senior high school
高校生 【こうこうせい】senior high school student
合う 【あう】① to come together, to merge, to unite, to meet ② to fit, to match, to suit, to agree with, to be correct ③ to be profitable, to be equitable ④ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to do ... to each other, to do ... together
今度 【こんど】now, this time, next time, another time
今夜 【こんや】this evening, tonight
始める 【はじめる】① to start, to begin, to commence, to initiate, to originate ② to open (e.g. a store), to start up, to establish (business. etc.) ③ to start (doing something), to begin to ...
子 【こ】① child ② young (animal) ③ young woman, young geisha ④ offshoot ⑤ interest ⑥ new shares ⑦ (after a noun or -masu stem) -er (often of young women)
思い出す 【おもいだす】to recall, to remember
上手い 【うまい】① skillful, clever, expert, wise, successful ② delicious, appetizing, appetising ③ fortunate, splendid, promising
止む 【やむ】to cease, to stop, to be over
止める 【とめる】① to stop (something or someone), to turn off ② to concentrate on, to pay attention to ③ to remember, to bear in mind ④ to fix into place ⑤ to park, to leave somewhere for a time
止める 【やめる】to end, to stop, to cease, to resign
試験 【しけん】examination, test, study, trial, experiment
試合 【しあい】match, game, bout, contest
字 【じ】① character (i.e. kanji) ② hand-writing, penmanship ③ the ... word (i.e. "the L word" = "love")
時代 【じだい】① period, epoch, era, age ② the times, those days ③ oldness, ancientness, antiquity ④ antique, period piece
社会 【しゃかい】society, public
社長 【しゃちょう】company president, manager, director
集める 【あつめる】to collect, to assemble, to gather
出発 【しゅっぱつ】departure
小学校 【しょうがっこう】primary school, elementary school, grade school
小説 【しょうせつ】novel, (short) story
小鳥 【ことり】① small bird, songbird ② birdie, dickeybird, dickybird
少年 【しょうねん】boys, juveniles
場合 【ばあい】case, situation
食事 【しょくじ】① meal ② to eat
親 【おや】① parent, parents ② dealer (in cards) ③ founder ④ (pet) owner
親切 【しんせつ】kindness, gentleness
人口 【じんこう】① population ② common talk
水道 【すいどう】water service, water supply
世界 【せかい】the world, society, the universe
世話 【せわ】looking after, help, aid, assistance
正しい 【ただしい】right, just, correct, righteous, honest, truthful, proper, straightforward, perfect
正月 【しょうがつ】New Year, New Year's Day, the first month, January
生きる 【いきる】to live, to exist
西洋 【せいよう】the west, Western countries
赤ちゃん 【あかちゃん】baby, infant
説明 【せつめい】explanation, exposition
送る 【おくる】① to send (a thing), to dispatch, to despatch ② to take or escort (a person somewhere), to see off (a person) ③ to bid farewell (to the departed), to bury ④ to spend (time), to live one's life ⑤ to pass (down the line) ⑥ to affix okurigana
足す 【たす】① to add (numbers) ② to add (something), to top up (with something) ③ to take care of (e.g. one's business)
足りる 【たりる】① to be sufficient, to be enough ② to be worth doing, to be worthy ③ to be sufficient, to answer, to do
村 【むら】village
太る 【ふとる】to grow fat (stout, plump), to become fat, to gain weight
大学生 【だいがくせい】university student, college student
大事 【だいじ】important, valuable, serious matter
大体 【だいたい】general, substantially, outline, main point, approximately, about
知らせる 【しらせる】to notify, to advise, to inform
地理 【ちり】geography
着物 【きもの】① clothing, clothes ② kimono (or other trad. Japanese clothing)
中学校 【ちゅうがっこう】junior high school, middle school, lower secondary school
昼休み 【ひるやすみ】lunch break, noon recess, noon rest period
注意 【ちゅうい】caution, being careful, attention (heed), warning, advice
通う 【かよう】① to go back and forth, to ply between ② to commute, to attend (school, church, etc.)
通り 【とおり】avenue, street, way
通る 【とおる】to pass (by), to go through, to walk along, to pass exams, to attend (e.g. school)
店員 【てんいん】shop assistant, employee, clerk, salesperson
都合 【つごう】circumstances, condition, convenience
答え 【こたえ】response, reply, answer, solution
動く 【うごく】① to move, to stir, to shift, to shake, to swing ② to operate, to run, to go, to work ③ to be touched, to be influenced ④ to change, to vary, to fluctuate, to waver ⑤ certain, factual ⑥ to be transferred
特に 【とくに】particularly, especially
特別 【とくべつ】special
入院 【にゅういん】hospitalization, hospitalisation
入学 【にゅうがく】entry to school or university, matriculation
発音 【はつおん】pronunciation
品物 【しなもの】goods, article, thing
不便 【ふべん】inconvenience, inexpediency, unhandiness
文学 【ぶんがく】literature
別 【べつ】distinction, difference, different, another, particular, separate, extra, exception
別に 【べつに】① (not) particularly, nothing ② separately, apart
用 【よう】① task, business ② use, duty, service ③ call of nature, excretion
用意 【ようい】preparation
用事 【ようじ】tasks, things to do, errand, business (to take care of), affairs, engagement
立てる 【たてる】① to stand (something) up, to erect (something) ② to make (a noise, a sound) ③ to put (tooth, claw, pointed object) to ④ to set (a plan, etc.), to decide (objective, schedule)
旅館 【りょかん】Japanese hotel, inn, ryokan
工場 【こうじょう】factory, plant, mill, workshop
行く 【ゆく】① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
昼間 【ひるま】daytime, during the day
夕飯 【ゆうはん】evening meal
空く 【あく】① to be empty ② to be vacant, to be available, to be free
写す 【うつす】① to transcribe, to duplicate, to reproduce, to imitate, to trace ② to describe ③ to film, to picture, to photograph
売り場 【うりば】place where things are sold, point of sale, POS, sales floor, counter (in shop)
行う 【おこなう】to perform, to do, to conduct oneself, to carry out
下りる 【おりる】① to descend (e.g. a mountain), to climb down, to go down, to come down ② to be granted, to be issued, to be given ③ to be discharged, to be passed (from the body; i.e. of a roundworm)
代わり 【かわり】① substitute, deputy, proxy, alternate, relief, compensation, second helping ② in place of, as a substitute for
聞こえる 【きこえる】① to be heard, to be audible ② to be said to be, to be reputed
気持ち 【きもち】feeling, sensation, mood
仕方 【しかた】way, method, means, resource, course
台風 【たいふう】typhoon, hurricane
乗り物 【のりもの】vehicle
引き出し 【ひきだし】① drawer ② withdrawal, drawing out
引き出す 【ひきだす】to pull out, to take out, to draw out, to withdraw
回る 【まわる】① to turn, to revolve ② to visit several places ③ to function well ④ to pass a certain time
真ん中 【まんなか】middle, centre, center, mid-way
見つかる 【みつかる】to be found, to be discovered
見つける 【みつける】① to discover, to find (e.g. an error in a book), to come across, to detect ② to locate, to find (e.g. something missing), to find fault ③ to be used to seeing, to be familiar with
別れる 【わかれる】to be divided, to part from, to separate, to bid farewell
代 【だい】① charge, cost, price ② generation, age, reign ③ (geological) era ④ (after someone's name or title) a representative of, on behalf of, for (someone) ⑤ used after a phone number to indicate that it is a switchboard number ⑥ counter for decades of ages, eras, etc. ⑦ counter for generations (of inheritors to a throne, etc.) ⑧ proxy application company
安全 【あんぜん】① safety ② security
以内 【いない】within, inside of, less than
育てる 【そだてる】to raise, to rear, to bring up
雲 【くも】cloud
下宿 【げしゅく】boarding, lodging, boarding house
家内 【かない】① (my) wife ② inside the home, one's family
科学 【かがく】science
海岸 【かいがん】coast, beach
学部 【がくぶ】① department of a university ② undergraduate (course, program, etc.)
客 【きゃく】① guest, visitor ② customer, client, shopper, spectator, audience, tourist, sightseer, passenger
泣く 【なく】to cry, to weep, to sob, to howl
教育 【きょういく】training, education
近所 【きんじょ】neighbourhood, neighborhood
苦い 【にがい】bitter
空港 【くうこう】airport
君 【くん】Mr (junior), master, boy
決して 【けっして】never, by no means, decidedly, indisputably
決める 【きめる】to decide
血 【ち】blood, consanguinity
湖 【みずうみ】lake
お礼 【おれい】thanking, expression of gratitude
交通 【こうつう】communication, transportation, traffic, intercourse
光る 【ひかる】to shine, to glitter, to be bright
港 【みなと】harbour, harbor, port
細かい 【こまかい】① small ② fine, minute ③ minor, trivial ④ sensitive, attentive
参る 【まいる】① to go, to come, to call ② to be defeated, to collapse, to die ③ to be annoyed, to be nonplussed ④ to be madly in love ⑤ to visit (shrine, grave)
残る 【のこる】to remain, to be left
市 【し】city
指 【ゆび】finger, toe, digit
糸 【いと】thread, yarn, string
歯医者 【はいしゃ】dentist
寺 【てら】temple (Buddhist)
自由 【じゆう】freedom, liberty, as it pleases you
手伝う 【てつだう】to help, to assist, to take part in
受ける 【うける】① to receive, to accept, to get, to inherit ② to catch (e.g. a ball), to parry (e.g. a blow), to take (lesson, test, damage), to sustain (damage), to incur (loss) ③ to become popular, to be well-received, to go down well
拾う 【ひろう】to pick up, to find, to gather
住所 【じゅうしょ】address (e.g. of house), residence, domicile
勝つ 【かつ】to win, to gain victory
焼く 【やく】① to bake, to grill ② to develop (photos) ③ to suntan ④ to burn (in flames, down, CD, DVD, etc.), to scorch ⑤ to be jealous, to be envious
焼ける 【やける】① to burn, to be roasted, to be heated, to be sunburnt, to fade (in the sun), to glow red (i.e. of the sky at sunset) ② to be jealous, to be envious
場所 【ばしょ】① place, location, spot, position ② room, space ③ basho (sumo wrestling tournament)
植える 【うえる】to plant, to grow
心配 【しんぱい】① worry, concern, anxiety ② care, help, aid, assistance
森 【もり】① forest ② shrine grove
深い 【ふかい】deep, profound, thick, close
申し上げる 【もうしあげる】① to say, to tell, to state ② to do for
申す 【もうす】to be called, to say
真面目 【まじめ】diligent, serious, honest, sober, grave, earnest, steady
神社 【じんじゃ】Shinto shrine
進む 【すすむ】① to advance, to go forward ② to precede, to go ahead (of) ③ to make progress, to improve ④ to deepen, to heighten ⑤ to do of one's own free will
人形 【にんぎょう】doll, puppet, figure
水泳 【すいえい】swimming
数学 【すうがく】mathematics, arithmetic
星 【ほし】① star, any light-emitting (or reflecting) heavenly body (except for the sun and the moon) ② suspect (police slang)
生活 【せいかつ】living, life (one's daily existence), livelihood
製 【せい】-made, make
昔 【むかし】olden days, former
石 【いし】① stone ② gem, jewel
線 【せん】line (also telephone, railway), wire, beam
全然 【ぜんぜん】① not at all (with neg. verb) ② wholly, entirely, completely
相談 【そうだん】consultation, discussion
草 【くさ】grass
息子 【むすこ】son
打つ 【うつ】① to hit (something inanimate), to strike, to beat (on something) ② to type, to tap (e.g. a key) ③ to inject ④ to indulge in gambling ⑤ to visit (on a pilgrimage)
虫 【むし】insect, bug, cricket, moth, worm
調べる 【しらべる】to examine, to investigate, to check up, to sense, to study, to inquire, to search
点 【てん】① spot, mark ② point, dot ③ mark (e.g. in exam), score, points ④ counter for goods or items
伝える 【つたえる】to convey, to report, to transmit, to communicate, to tell, to impart, to propagate, to teach, to bequeath
島 【しま】① island ② territory (of a prostitute, organized crime gang, etc.), turf
投げる 【なげる】① to throw, to cast away ② to face defeat, to give up
湯 【ゆ】① hot water ② hot bath, hot spring
道具 【どうぐ】implement, tool, means
日記 【にっき】diary, journal
倍 【ばい】① twice, double ② times, -fold
反対 【はんたい】opposition, resistance, antagonism, hostility, contrast, objection, dissension, reverse, opposite, vice versa
番組 【ばんぐみ】program (e.g. TV), programme
悲しい 【かなしい】sad, sorrowful
飛行場 【ひこうじょう】airfield, airport
美しい 【うつくしい】beautiful, lovely
美術館 【びじゅつかん】art gallery, art museum
負ける 【まける】to lose, to be defeated
部長 【ぶちょう】① head (chief, director) of a section or department ② head of a (school) club, head of a (school) team
文化 【ぶんか】① culture, civilization, civilisation ② Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)
返事 【へんじ】reply, answer, response
放送 【ほうそう】broadcast, broadcasting
貿易 【ぼうえき】trade (foreign)
無くなる 【なくなる】to disappear, to get lost
無理 【むり】unreasonable, impossible, overdoing
鳴る 【なる】to sound, to ring, to resound, to echo, to roar, to rumble
毛 【け】hair, fur
役に立つ 【やくにたつ】to be helpful, to be useful
遊び 【あそび】① playing ② play (margin between on and off, gap before pressing button or lever has an effect)
予習 【よしゅう】preparation for a lesson
予定 【よてい】plans, arrangement, schedule, program, programme, expectation, estimate
様 【さま】① Mr, Mrs or Ms ② used (gen. in fixed expressions) to make words more polite ③ manner, kind, appearance
葉 【は】leaf
落ちる 【おちる】① to fall down, to drop ② to fail (e.g. exam) ③ to crash, to degenerate, to degrade ④ to fade, to come out (e.g. a stain)
理由 【りゆう】reason, pretext, motive
留守 【るす】① absence, being away from home ② house-sitting, house-sitter ③ being left unattended to (of one's studies, etc.), neglecting
両方 【りょうほう】both sides, both parties
例えば 【たとえば】for example, e.g.
礼 【れい】thanking, expression of gratitude
選ぶ 【えらぶ】to choose, to select
決まる 【きまる】① to be decided, to be settled ② to look good in (clothes)
具合 【ぐあい】condition, state, manner, health
全て 【すべて】all, the whole, entirely, in general, wholly, overall
確か 【たしか】① certain, sure, definite ② if I'm not mistaken, if I remember correctly
直す 【なおす】① to cure, to heal ② to fix, to correct, to repair ③ to do over again (after -masu base of verb) ④ to replace, to put back as it was ⑤ to convert (into a different state), to transform
直る 【なおる】to get mended, to be repaired, to be fixed
祭り 【まつり】festival, feast
お祭り 【おまつり】festival, feast
向かう 【むかう】① to face ② to go towards
島 【とう】island (in placenames)
案内 【あんない】① information, guidance, leading ② to guide, to show (around), to conduct
移る 【うつる】① to move (house), to transfer (department) ② to change the target of interest or concern ③ to elapse (passage of time) ④ to be permeated by a colour or scent ⑤ to be infected, to be contagious, to spread (as in fire)
引っ越す 【ひっこす】to move (house), to change residence
汚れる 【よごれる】① to get dirty, to become dirty ② to become sullied
億 【おく】10^8, 100,000,000, hundred million
課長 【かちょう】section manager, section chief
過ぎる 【すぎる】① to pass through, to pass by, to go beyond ② to pass (i.e. of time), to elapse ③ to have expired, to have ended, to be over ④ to exceed, to surpass, to be above ⑤ to be no more than ... ⑥ (often used after adjective stems or the -masu stems of verbs) to be excessive, to be too much, to be too ...
会議 【かいぎ】meeting, conference, session, assembly, council, convention, congress
掛ける 【かける】① to hang (e.g. picture), to hoist (e.g. sail), to raise (e.g. flag) ② to sit ③ to be partway (verb), to begin (but not complete) ④ to take (time, money), to expend (money, time, etc.) ⑤ to make (a call) ⑥ to multiply ⑦ to secure (e.g. lock) ⑧ to put on (glasses, etc.) ⑨ to cover ⑩ to burden someone ⑪ to apply (insurance) ⑫ to turn on (an engine, etc.), to set (a dial, an alarm clock, etc.) ⑬ to put an effect (spell, anaesthetic, etc.) on ⑭ to hold an emotion for (pity, hope, etc.) ⑮ to bind ⑯ to pour (or sprinkle, spray, etc.) onto ⑰ to argue (in court), to deliberate (in a meeting), to present (e.g. idea to a conference, etc.) ⑱ to increase further ⑲ to catch (in a trap, etc.) ⑳ to set atop ○ to erect (a makeshift building) ○ to hold (a play, festival, etc.) ○ (after -masu stem of verb) indicates (verb) is being directed to (someone)
割れる 【われる】① to break, to be smashed ② to split, to crack, to fissure, to be torn ③ to be divided, to cleave ④ to come to light
乾く 【かわく】to get dry
慣れる 【なれる】① to grow accustomed to, to get too familiar with ② to become domesticated, to become tame
簡単 【かんたん】simple
間違える 【まちがえる】① to make a mistake (in), to commit an error (e.g. in calculation) ② to confuse, to mistake something for something else
関係 【かんけい】relation, connection
危険 【きけん】① danger, peril, hazard ② dangerous, hazardous
喜ぶ 【よろこぶ】① to be delighted, to be glad, to be pleased ② to congratulate ③ to gratefully accept
寄る 【よる】to visit, to drop in, to approach
機会 【きかい】chance, opportunity
機械 【きかい】① machine, mechanism ② instrument, appliance, apparatus
祈る 【いのる】to pray, to wish
季節 【きせつ】season
規則 【きそく】rules, regulations, conventions
技術 【ぎじゅつ】art, craft, technique, technology, engineering, skill
久しぶり 【ひさしぶり】a long time (since the last time), it's been a while (since I last saw, mailed, etc., you)
競争 【きょうそう】① competition, contest ② to compete
隅 【すみ】corner, nook, recess
景色 【けしき】scenery, scene, landscape
経験 【けいけん】experience
経済 【けいざい】economics, business, finance, economy
警察 【けいさつ】police
迎える 【むかえる】① to go out to meet ② to receive, to welcome ③ to accept (e.g. as a member of a group or family) ④ to call for, to summon, to invite ⑤ to approach (a certain time, a point in one's life, etc.)
固い 【かたい】① hard, solid, tough ② stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing) ③ strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved) ④ safe, steady, honest, steadfast ⑤ obstinate, stubborn ⑥ bookish, formal, stuffy
原因 【げんいん】cause, origin, source
講堂 【こうどう】auditorium
郊外 【こうがい】suburb, outskirts
国際 【こくさい】international
差し上げる 【さしあげる】① to give, to offer ② to lift up, to hold up, to raise
砂 【すな】sand, grit
最近 【さいきん】latest, most recent, nowadays
最後 【さいご】① last, end, conclusion ② (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga") no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences)
最初 【さいしょ】beginning, outset, first, onset
妻 【つま】① wife ② garnish (esp. one served with sashimi) ③ embellishment
済む 【すむ】① to finish, to end, to be completed ② to merely result in something less severe than expected ③ to feel at ease ④ (neg) to feel unease or guilt for troubling someone, to be sorry
産業 【さんぎょう】industry
残念 【ざんねん】deplorable, bad luck, regret, disappointment
市民 【しみん】citizen, townspeople
指輪 【ゆびわ】(finger) ring
支度 【したく】preparation, arrangements
枝 【えだ】branch, bow, bough, twig, limb
事故 【じこ】① accident, incident, trouble ② circumstances, reasons
事務所 【じむしょ】office
似る 【にる】to resemble, to be similar
失敗 【しっぱい】failure, mistake, blunder
失礼 【しつれい】① discourtesy, impoliteness ② Excuse me, Goodbye ③ to leave ④ to be rude
捨てる 【すてる】to throw away, to cast aside, to abandon, to resign, to break up with (someone)
取り替える 【とりかえる】to exchange, to replace
手袋 【てぶくろ】glove, mitten, mitt
習慣 【しゅうかん】custom, habit, manners
柔道 【じゅうどう】judo
準備 【じゅんび】preparation, setup, arrangements, provision, reserve
女性 【じょせい】① woman, female ② feminine gender
将来 【しょうらい】future (usually near), prospects
承知 【しょうち】① acknowledgment, acknowledgement, awareness ② consent, acceptance, assent, admitting, compliance, agreement
招待 【しょうたい】invitation
笑う 【わらう】① to laugh ② to smile ③ to sneer, to ridicule
紹介 【しょうかい】introduction, referral
畳 【たたみ】tatami mat (Japanese straw floor coverings)
触る 【さわる】to touch, to feel
政治 【せいじ】politics, government
席 【せき】① seat ② location (of a gathering, etc.), place ③ position, post
赤ん坊 【あかんぼう】baby
折る 【おる】to break, to fold, to pick flowers
折れる 【おれる】to break, to be folded, to give in, to turn (a corner)
専門 【せんもん】speciality, specialty, subject of study, expert
戦争 【せんそう】war
祖父 【そふ】① grandfather ② old man ③ kyogen mask used for the role of an old man
祖母 【そぼ】grandmother
続く 【つづく】① to continue, to last, to go on ② to be unbroken ③ to occur again and again ④ to lead to, to connect to
続ける 【つづける】to continue, to keep up, to keep on
卒業 【そつぎょう】graduation, completion (e.g. of a course)
男性 【だんせい】① man, male ② masculine gender
地震 【じしん】earthquake
恥ずかしい 【はずかしい】shy, ashamed, embarrassed
珍しい 【めずらしい】① unusual, rare, curious ② new, novel ③ fine (e.g. gift)
程 【ほど】① degree, extent, bounds, limit ② indicates approx. amount or maximum, upper limit
適当 【てきとう】① suitable, adequate, relevant, appropriate, fit ② random, halfhearted, on the spot, whatever works
電灯 【でんとう】electric light
電報 【でんぽう】telegram
塗る 【ぬる】to paint, to plaster, to lacquer, to varnish, to spread, to smear
土産 【みやげ】present, souvenir
怒る 【おこる】① to get angry, to get mad ② to tell someone off, to scold ③ to be angular, to be square
倒れる 【たおれる】① to fall, to collapse, to drop, to fall senseless ② to be forced to bed (by illness, etc.) ③ to die ④ to go bankrupt, to be ruined, to have a bad debt ⑤ to be defeated (in a game) ⑥ to fall (of governments, dictators, etc.)
盗む 【ぬすむ】to steal
逃げる 【にげる】to escape, to run away
届ける 【とどける】to deliver, to forward, to send, to report, to file notice (to the authorities)
曇る 【くもる】to become cloudy, to become dim
熱 【ねつ】fever, temperature
背中 【せなか】back (of body)
泊まる 【とまる】① to stay at (e.g. hotel) ② to be docked, to be berthed, to be moored
髪 【かみ】hair (on the head)
比べる 【くらべる】① to compare, to make a comparison ② to compete, to vie
必ず 【かならず】always, without exception, necessarily, certainly, without fail, positively, invariably
付く 【つく】① to be attached, to be connected with, to adhere, to stick, to cling ② to remain imprinted, to scar, to stain, to dye ③ to bear (fruit, interest, etc.) ④ to be acquired (of a habit, ability, etc.), to increase (of strength, etc.) ⑤ to take root ⑥ to accompany, to attend, to follow, to study with ⑦ to side with, to belong to ⑧ to possess, to haunt ⑨ to be lit, to be lighted ⑩ to be settled, to be resolved, to be decided ⑪ to be given (of a name, price, etc.) ⑫ to be sensed, to be perceived ⑬ to be lucky ⑭ (after -masu stems, onomatopoeic and mimetic words) to become (a state, condition, etc.)
夫 【おっと】husband
布団 【ふとん】① futon (quilted Japanese-style mattress laid out on the floor) ② round cushion used for Zen meditation (traditionally made of woven bulrush leaves)
普通 【ふつう】① general, ordinary, usual ② normally, generally, usually ③ train that stops at every station
復習 【ふくしゅう】review, revision
複雑 【ふくざつ】complex, complicated
払う 【はらう】① to pay ② to brush, to wipe
仏教 【ぶっきょう】Buddhism
文法 【ぶんぽう】grammar, syntax
壁 【かべ】① wall, barrier ② Chinese "Wall" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
変 【へん】① strange, odd, peculiar, weird, curious, queer, eccentric, funny, suspicious, fishy ② unexpected ③ change ④ incident, disturbance, disaster, accident ⑤ flat (music)
変える 【かえる】to change, to alter, to vary, to convert, to revise, to amend, to transform
変わる 【かわる】to change, to be transformed, to vary, to be revised, to be different, to move location
片付ける 【かたづける】① to tidy up, to put in order, to straighten up, to put away ② to settle (problem), to clear (dispute) ③ to finish, to bring something to an end ④ to marry off (e.g. a daughter) ⑤ to do away with someone, to bump someone off
暮れる 【くれる】to get dark, to end, to come to an end, to close, to run out
法律 【ほうりつ】law
訪ねる 【たずねる】to visit
亡くなる 【なくなる】to die
眠い 【ねむい】sleepy, drowsy, somnolent
眠る 【ねむる】① to sleep (not necessarily lying down) ② to die
夢 【ゆめ】dream
娘 【むすめ】① (my) daughter ② girl (i.e. a young, unmarried woman)
戻る 【もどる】to turn back, to return, to go back, to recover, to rebound
約束 【やくそく】① arrangement, promise, appointment, pact, engagement ② convention, rule
踊る 【おどる】to dance (orig. a hopping dance)
輸出 【ゆしゅつ】① export ② efferent (medical)
優しい 【やさしい】tender, kind, gentle, graceful, affectionate, amiable, suave
予約 【よやく】① reservation, appointment, booking, advance order ② contract, subscription, pledge
踊り 【おどり】dance
利用 【りよう】use, utilization, utilisation, application
裏 【うら】① bottom (or another side that is hidden from view), undersurface, opposite side, reverse side ② rear, back, behind (the house) ③ lining, inside ④ out of sight, behind the scenes ⑤ proof ⑥ opposite (of a prediction, common sense, etc.) ⑦ inverse (of a hypothesis, etc.) ⑧ bottom (of an inning), last half (of an inning)
冷える 【ひえる】to grow cold, to get chilly, to cool down
歴史 【れきし】history
連れる 【つれる】to lead, to take (a person)
連絡 【れんらく】① to contact, to get in touch ② contacting, getting in touch, communication, call, message ③ connection, coordination, junction ④ intercalary, intercalaris, internuncial
腕 【うで】① arm ② skill
途中 【とちゅう】① on the way, en route ② in the middle of, midway
包む 【つつむ】① to wrap up, to tuck in, to pack, to do up, to cover with, to dress in ② to conceal, to hide, to be engulfed in, to be enveloped by
頂く 【いただく】① to receive, to get, to accept, to take, to buy ② to eat, to drink ③ to be crowned with, to wear (on one's head), to have (on top) ④ to have (as one's leader), to live under (a ruler), to install (a president)
受付 【うけつけ】reception (desk), information desk
贈り物 【おくりもの】present, gift
遅れる 【おくれる】to be late, to be delayed, to fall behind schedule, to be overdue
格好 【かっこう】① shape, form, posture, appearance, manner ② suitability, moderateness (in price)
込む 【こむ】① to be crowded, to be packed ② to be complex ③ to go into, to put into, to remain (seated), to be plunged into (silence), to do thoroughly ④ to do intently ⑤ to continue in the same state
怖い 【こわい】① scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful ② (I'm) afraid
ご存じ 【ごぞんじ】① knowing ② (an) acquaintance
探す 【さがす】to search (for something desired, needed), to look for
捕まえる 【つかまえる】to catch, to arrest, to seize
泥棒 【どろぼう】thief, burglar, robber, theft
治る 【なおる】to be cured, to get well, to be healed
値段 【ねだん】price, cost
乗り換える 【のりかえる】to transfer (trains), to change (bus, train)
増える 【ふえる】to increase, to multiply
舟 【ふね】① ship, boat, watercraft, vessel, steamship ② tank, tub, vat, trough ③ counter for boat-shaped containers (e.g. of sashimi)
周り 【まわり】① circumference, perimeter, edge ② surroundings, locality, neighborhood ③ rotation, circulation
見舞い 【みまい】① visiting ill or distressed people, writing get-well letters ② get-well gifts, get-well letters ③ expression of sympathy, expression of concern, enquiry, inquiry
柔らかい 【やわらかい】soft, tender, limp
沸く 【わく】to grow hot (of water, etc.), to boil
割合 【わりあい】① rate, ratio, percentage, proportion ② comparatively ③ contrary to expectations
お祝い 【おいわい】congratulation, congratulations, celebration, festival, congratulatory gift
お嬢さん 【おじょうさん】① daughter ② young lady
挨拶 【あいさつ】① greeting, greetings, salutation, salute ② speech (congratulatory or appreciative), address ③ reply, response ④ a fine thing to say (used as part of a sarcastic response to a rude remark) ⑤ (orig. meaning) dialoging (with another Zen practitioner to ascertain their level of enlightenment)
為 【ため】① good, advantage, benefit, welfare ② sake, purpose, objective, aim ③ consequence, result, effect ④ affecting, regarding, concerning
一生懸命 【いっしょうけんめい】very hard, with utmost effort, with all one's might, for dear life
嘘 【うそ】lie, falsehood, incorrect fact
壊す 【こわす】① to break, to destroy, to demolish ② to wreck, to ruin, to spoil, to damage ③ to break (a bill, etc.)
壊れる 【こわれる】① to be broken, to break ② to fall through, to come to nothing
滑る 【すべる】① to glide, to slide (e.g. on skis), to slip ② to bomb (when telling a joke)
噛む 【かむ】① to bite, to chew, to gnaw ② to fumble or falter with one's words
頑張る 【がんばる】to persist, to insist on, to stand firm, to try one's best
嬉しい 【うれしい】happy, glad, pleasant
汽車 【きしゃ】train (steam)
宜しい 【よろしい】good, OK, all right, fine, very well, will do, may, can
興味 【きょうみ】interest (in something)
驚く 【おどろく】to be surprised, to be astonished
喧嘩 【けんか】quarrel, brawl, fight, squabble, scuffle
絹 【きぬ】silk
厳しい 【きびしい】① severe, strict, rigid, unsparing, relentless ② stern, austere, grave, solemn, majestic ③ intense (cold)
故障 【こしょう】break-down, failure, fault, accident, out of order
講義 【こうぎ】lecture
謝る 【あやまる】to apologize, to apologise
邪魔 【じゃま】hindrance, intrusion
趣味 【しゅみ】hobby, tastes, preference
飾る 【かざる】to decorate, to ornament, to adorn
尋ねる 【たずねる】① to ask, to enquire, to inquire ② to search, to look for, to look into, to investigate
随分 【ずいぶん】① very, extremely, surprisingly, considerably ② contemptible, reprehensible
是非 【ぜひ】① certainly, without fail ② right and wrong, pros and cons
盛ん 【さかん】① popular ② prosperous ③ enthusiastic ④ energetic, vigorous
先輩 【せんぱい】senior (at work or school), superior, elder, older graduate, progenitor, old-timer
素晴らしい 【すばらしい】wonderful, splendid, magnificent
騒ぐ 【さわぐ】① to make noise, to make racket, to be noisy ② to rustle, to swoosh ③ to make merry ④ to clamor, to clamour, to make a fuss, to kick up a fuss ⑤ to lose one's cool, to panic, to act flustered ⑥ to feel tense, to be uneasy, to be excited
駄目 【だめ】useless, no good, hopeless
棚 【たな】① shelf, shelves, ledge, rack ② trellis
暖房 【だんぼう】heating
致す 【いたす】to do
注射 【ちゅうしゃ】injection
丁寧 【ていねい】polite, courteous, careful, care, kind, close, thorough, conscientious
釣る 【つる】to fish
田舎 【いなか】① rural area, countryside, the sticks ② hometown
踏む 【ふむ】① to step on, to tread on ② to experience, to undergo ③ to estimate, to value, to appraise ④ to rhyme ⑤ to follow (rules, morals, principles, etc.)
濡れる 【ぬれる】to get wet
翻訳 【ほんやく】① translation ② de-encryption, deciphering ③ rendering
漫画 【まんが】comic, cartoon
味噌 【みそ】① miso, bean paste ② key (main) point
揺れる 【ゆれる】to shake, to sway
冷房 【れいぼう】cooling, air-conditioning
寂しい 【さびしい】lonely, lonesome, solitary, desolate
包む 【くるむ】to wrap up, to tuck in, to pack, to do up, to cover with, to dress in
ご馳走 【ごちそう】① feast, treating (someone) ② to treat (someone, e.g. to a meal)
辞典 【じてん】dictionary
誉める 【ほめる】to praise, to admire, to speak well
我々 【われわれ】we
訳 【やく】translation, version (e.g. "English version")
きっとsurely, undoubtedly, almost certainly, most likely (e.g. 90 percent)
こう① in this way (used for something or someone close to the speaker, including the speaker himself, or for the opinions of the speaker), thus, such ② uh... (interjection used as a verbal pause)
これからafter this
それほどto that degree, extent
ちっともnot at all (neg. verb)
やっぱりalso, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
やはりalso, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
おかしいstrange, funny, amusing, ridiculous
いじめるto tease, to torment, to persecute, to chastise
びっくり① to be surprised, to be amazed, to be frightened, to be astonished ② surprise (e.g. surprise party) ③ surprise
honourable, honorable
しばらく① little while, short while, moment, instant ② a while, quite a time ③ it's been a long time
しまうto finish, to close, to do something completely, to put away, to put an end to
ごみrubbish, trash, garbage, refuse
すごい① terrible, dreadful ② amazing (e.g. of strength), great (e.g. of skills), wonderful, terrific ③ to a great extent, vast (in numbers)
つもり① intention, plan ② conviction, belief
ぶつto hit (a person), to strike, to beat
とうとうfinally, at last, reaching a head
はず① expectation that something took place, will take place or was in some state, it should be so, bound to be, expected to be, must be ② nock (of a bow) ③ nock (of an arrow) ④ nock-shaped grip (between thumb and forefinger) (Sumo)
またはor, otherwise
もらう① to receive, to take, to accept ② to get somebody to do something (follows a verb in "te" form)
わけconclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard, reason, cause, meaning, circumstances, situation
まま① as it is, as one likes, because, as ② condition, state
しっかりfirmly, tightly, reliable, level-headed, steady
なかなか① very, considerably, easily, readily, fairly, quite, highly, rather ② by no means (with negative verb)
のど① throat ② singing voice
ひどいcruel, awful, severe, very bad, serious, terrible, heavy, violent
痩せる 【やせる】① to become thin, to lose weight, to reduce (one's) weight, to slim ② to be barren, to be infertile, to be sterile
そうしてand, like that
もうすぐvery soon
うっかりcarelessly, thoughtlessly, inadvertently
お前 【おまえ】① you (masc) (formerly honorific, now sometimes derog. term referring to an equal or inferior) ② presence (of a god, nobleman, etc.)
がっかりfeel disappointed, dejected, lose heart, feel emotionally drained, feel let down
きちんとprecisely, accurately, neatly
きつい① intense, severe, hard ② determined, forceful, formidable ③ strong ④ tight, close
こっそりstealthily, secretly
こんなにso, like this, in this way
さっぱり① feeling refreshed, feeling relieved ② neat, trimmed ③ plain, simple ④ completely, entirely ⑤ not in the least (in sentence with negative verb), not at all ⑥ completely ignorant, not doing at all
ざっとroughly, in round numbers
しつこいinsistent, obstinate
じっと① motionlessly ② fixedly (e.g. of staring) ③ patiently ④ firmly (e.g. hold), restrained
ずっと① continuously in some state (for a long time, distance), throughout, all along, the whole time, all the way ② much (better, etc.), by far, far and away ③ far away, long ago ④ direct, straight
そっくりall, altogether, entirely, just like, the spitting image of
そっとsoftly, gently, quietly, secretly
たっぷりfull, in plenty, ample
だらけ① implying (negatively) that something is full of (e.g. mistakes) ② covered all over (e.g. with blood)
ちゃんとperfectly, properly, exactly
どうせanyhow, in any case, at any rate, after all, at best, at most, at all
どんどん① drumming (noise) ② rapidly, steadily
どんなにhow, how much
のんびりcarefree, at leisure
ぴったりexactly, neatly, sharp
ぼんやりabsent-minded, blockhead, dim, faint, vague
まあyou might say, Oh!, Wow!, Well!
オーバー① overcoat ② over, exceeding, going beyond, exaggeration ③ ball hit over the head of an outfielder (baseball)
下る 【くだる】① to descend, to go down, to come down ② to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.) ③ to pass (of time) ④ to surrender, to capitulate ⑤ (often in neg. form) to be less than, to be inferior to ⑥ to have the runs, to have diarrhea
何とか 【なんとか】① something, something or other, so-and-so ② somehow, anyhow, one way or another
何とも 【なんとも】nothing (with neg. verb), quite, not a bit
火山 【かざん】volcano
外す 【はずす】① to unfasten, to undo ② to remove, to take off, to deinstall ③ to leave, to step out, to slip away ④ to miss (a target)
外れる 【はずれる】to be disconnected, to get out of place, to be off, to be out (e.g. of gear)
外出 【がいしゅつ】outing, trip, going out
学ぶ 【まなぶ】to study (in depth), to learn, to take lessons in
気に入る 【きにいる】to be pleased with, to suit
金 【きん】① gold, golden (color), metaphor for (most) valuable, gold (medal, cup) ② money (written before an amount) ③ Friday ④ metal (fourth of the five elements) ⑤ Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE) ⑥ gold general (shogi) ⑦ karat, carat
見下ろす 【みおろす】to overlook, to command a view of, to look down on something
見上げる 【みあげる】to look up at, to raise one's eyes, to admire
今後 【こんご】from now on, hereafter
左右 【さゆう】① left and right ② influence, control, domination
週 【しゅう】week
女子 【じょし】woman, girl
上 【じょう】① from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of ② aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above ③ first volume (e.g. book) ④ superior quality, best, top, high class ⑤ going up ⑥ governmental, imperial ⑦ presenting, showing
人間 【にんげん】① human being, man, person ② character (of a person)
人気 【にんき】popularity, popular feeling, business conditions
人生 【じんせい】(human) life (i.e. conception to death)
生える 【はえる】① to grow, to spring up ② to cut (teeth)
生じる 【しょうじる】① to produce, to yield ② to result from, to arise, to be generated
先日 【せんじつ】the other day, a few days ago
大いに 【おおいに】very, much, greatly, a lot of
大した 【たいした】considerable, great, important, significant, a big deal
大して 【たいして】(not so) much, (not) very
大半 【たいはん】majority, mostly, generally
男子 【だんし】youth, young man
中学 【ちゅうがく】middle school, junior high school
長 【ちょう】chief, head
電子 【でんし】① electron ② (esp. as a prefix) electronic, electronics
読書 【どくしょ】reading
年間 【ねんかん】year (period of)
年中 【ねんじゅう】whole year, always, everyday
半ば 【なかば】middle, half, semi, halfway, partly
分ける 【わける】to divide, to separate, to make distinctions, to differentiate (between)
本人 【ほんにん】the person himself
本来 【ほんらい】① originally, primarily ② essentially, naturally, by nature, in (and of) itself ③ proper, legal
名人 【めいじん】master, expert
友 【とも】friend, companion, pal
友人 【ゆうじん】friend
来 【らい】① next (year, etc.) ② since (last month, etc.)
一生 【いっしょう】① whole life, a lifetime, all through life, one existence, a generation, an age, the whole world, the era ② (the only, the greatest, etc.) of one's life
行き 【いき】① bound for ... ② going (to)
年月 【としつき】months and years
食う 【くう】① to eat ② to live, to make a living, to survive ③ to bite, to sting (as insects do) ④ to tease, to torment, to taunt, to make light of, to make fun of ⑤ to encroach on, to eat into, to consume ⑥ to defeat a superior, to threaten a position ⑦ to consume time and-or resources ⑧ to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
見つめる 【みつめる】to stare at, to gaze at, to look hard at, to watch intently, to fix one's eyes on
分かれる 【わかれる】① to branch, to fork, to diverge ② to separate, to split, to divide ③ to disperse, to scatter
生き生き 【いきいき】vividly, lively
生まれ 【うまれ】birth, birthplace
何で 【なんで】① why?, what for? ② how?, by what means?
中 【ちゅう】① medium, average, middle ② moderation ③ middle school ④ China ⑤ in, out of (e.g. three out of ten people) ⑥ during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while
どうかplease, somehow or other
学 【がく】learning, scholarship, erudition, knowledge
あんなにto that extent, to that degree
せっせとdiligently, assiduously
そんなにso much, so, like that
社 【しゃ】① company, association, society ② regional Chinese god of the earth (or a village built in its honour) ③ counter for companies, shrines, etc.
みたい-like, sort of, similar to, resembling
間 【かん】① interval, period of time ② among, between, inter-
大 【だい】① the large part of ② big, large, great ③ approximate size, no larger than ④ -university ⑤ large (e.g. serving size), loud (e.g. volume setting)
生 【せい】① life, living ② I, me, myself
後 【ご】after
名 【めい】① counter for people (usu. seating, reservations and such) ② first name ③ famous, great
以前 【いぜん】ago, since, before, previous
以来 【いらい】since, henceforth
意外 【いがい】unexpected, surprising
意思 【いし】intention, purpose
一体 【いったい】① ...the heck (e.g. "what the heck?"), ...in the world (e.g. "why in the world?"), ...on earth (e.g. "who on earth?") ② one object, one body, unity ③ one form, one style ④ one Buddhist image (or carving, etc.) ⑤ generally, in general
一方 【いっぽう】① one (esp. of two), the other, one way, the other way, one direction, the other direction, one side, the other side, one party, the other party ② on the one hand, on the other hand ③ whereas, although, but at the same time, meanwhile, in turn ④ (after noun, adjective-stem or plain verb) just keeps, being inclined to ..., tending to be ..., tending to do ..., continuously ..., just keeps on ...ing, only
引用 【いんよう】quotation, citation, reference
運 【うん】fortune, luck
下がる 【さがる】to hang down, to abate, to retire, to fall, to step back
家事 【かじ】① housework, domestic chores ② family affairs, household matters
歌手 【かしゅ】singer
花火 【はなび】fireworks
画家 【がか】painter, artist
会員 【かいいん】member, the membership
会計 【かいけい】account, finance, accountant, treasurer, paymaster, reckoning, bill
海外 【かいがい】foreign, abroad, overseas
開始 【かいし】start, commencement, beginning, initiation
学者 【がくしゃ】scholar
学習 【がくしゅう】study, learning, tutorial
学問 【がくもん】scholarship, study, learning
楽 【らく】comfort, ease
起こる 【おこる】to occur, to happen
牛 【うし】① cattle, cow, ox, oxen ② beef ③ Chinese "Ox" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
去る 【さる】① to leave, to go away ② to pass, to elapse ③ to be distant ④ to send away, to drive off, to divorce ⑤ (after a -masu stem, esp. of a suru verb) ... completely ⑥ last ... (e.g. "last April")
強力 【きょうりょく】powerful, strong
見事 【みごと】① splendid, magnificent, beautiful, admirable ② praiseworthy act, feat, commendable deed
見送る 【みおくる】① to see off (e.g. to the station, an airport, etc.), to escort (e.g. home), to farewell ② to see out, to send off ③ to let pass, to wait and see, to continue (e.g. in legal contexts) ④ to let a pitch go by (baseball), to watch a batted ball go into the stands
言わば 【いわば】so to speak, so to call it, as it were
後者 【こうしゃ】the latter
公正 【こうせい】justice, fairness, impartiality
広場 【ひろば】plaza
行動 【こうどう】action, conduct, behaviour, behavior, mobilization, mobilisation
高度 【こうど】① altitude, height ② advanced, high-grade, strong
国家 【こっか】state, country, nation
国会 【こっかい】National Diet, parliament, congress
作家 【さっか】author, writer, novelist, artist
作業 【さぎょう】work, operation, manufacturing, fatigue duty
作品 【さくひん】work (e.g. book, film, composition, etc.), opus, performance, production
使用 【しよう】use, application, employment, utilization, utilisation
思わず 【おもわず】unintentionally, reflexively, spontaneously, involuntarily, instinctively
持ち上げる 【もちあげる】to raise, to lift up, to flatter
自ら 【みずから】for one's self, personally
自動 【じどう】① automatic, self-motion ② intransitive verb
室 【しつ】① room ② Chinese "Encampment" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
質 【しつ】quality
借金 【しゃっきん】debt, loan, liabilities
手間 【てま】time, labour, labor
手入れ 【ていれ】① repairs, maintenance, tending, trimming, grooming ② crackdown, (police) raid
重大 【じゅうだい】serious, important, significant, grave, weighty
出会い 【であい】meeting, rendezvous, encounter
出来事 【できごと】incident, affair, happening, event
書店 【しょてん】bookshop, bookstore
小屋 【こや】hut, cabin, shed, (animal) pen
上京 【じょうきょう】proceeding to the capital (Tokyo)
食品 【しょくひん】commodity, foodstuff
食料 【しょくりょう】food
真っ赤 【まっか】① bright red, deep red, flushed (of face) ② downright (e.g. lie), complete, utter
親しい 【したしい】intimate, close (e.g. friend)
親友 【しんゆう】close friend, bosom (old, intimate) friend, buddy, crony, chum
人工 【じんこう】artificial, manmade, human work, human skill, artificiality
図 【ず】figure (e.g. Fig 1), drawing, picture, illustration
世の中 【よのなか】society, the world, the times
世間 【せけん】world, society
正午 【しょうご】noon, mid-day
生地 【きじ】① cloth, material, texture ② one's true character ③ unglazed pottery ④ uncooked dough, batter
青年 【せいねん】youth, young man
切れる 【きれる】① to cut well, to be sharp ② to break (off), to snap, to wear out ③ to be injured ④ to burst, to collapse ⑤ to be disconnected, to be out of, to expire, to sever (connections) with ⑥ to be shrewd, to have a sharp mind ⑦ to drop under (a certain figure), to beat (e.g. a time) ⑧ to flip, to lose one's temper ⑨ to be able to do completely
先ず 【まず】① first (of all), to start with, about, almost, anyway, well, now ② hardly (with neg. verb)
前者 【ぜんしゃ】the former
足る 【たる】to be sufficient, to be enough, to be worthy of
多少 【たしょう】more or less, somewhat, a little, some
体重 【たいじゅう】body weight (usu. one's own)
貸し 【かし】loan, lending
代金 【だいきん】price, payment, cost, charge, the money, the bill
代理 【だいり】representation, agency, proxy, deputy, agent, attorney, substitute, alternate, acting (principal, etc.)
台 【だい】① stand, rack, table ② support ③ belt ④ counter for machines, incl. vehicles ⑤ setting (e.g. in jewellery)
大家 【おおや】landlord, landlady
大会 【たいかい】convention, tournament, mass meeting, rally
大使 【たいし】ambassador
題 【だい】① title, subject, theme, topic ② problem (on a test), question ③ counter for questions (on a test)
知事 【ちじ】prefectural governor
地 【ち】① earth, ground, land, soil ② place ③ territory ④ bottom (of a package, book, etc.) ⑤ earth (one of the five elements)
地下 【ちか】① basement, cellar, underground place ② underground, below ground ③ secret, under cover
地方 【ちほう】① area, locality, district, region, province ② countryside, rural area ③ coast (esp. as seen from the water) ④ person singing ballads in Noh, person in charge of music in a Japanese dance performance
中止 【ちゅうし】suspension, stoppage, discontinuance, interruption
中心 【ちゅうしん】center, centre, middle, heart, core, focus, pivot, emphasis, balance
注文 【ちゅうもん】order, request
注目 【ちゅうもく】notice, attention, observation
度 【たび】time (three times, each time, etc.), times
土地 【とち】plot of land, lot, soil
動かす 【うごかす】① to move, to shift, to operate, to set in motion, to mobilize, to mobilise ② to inspire, to rouse, to move (e.g. feeling), to influence ③ to deny, to change
動作 【どうさ】action, movements, motions, bearing, behaviour, behavior, execution, actuation, operation, manners
同一 【どういつ】identity, sameness, similarity, equality, fairness
特急 【とっきゅう】① limited express (train, faster than an express) ② great hurry
入場 【にゅうじょう】entrance, admission, entering
年代 【ねんだい】age, era, period, date
売れる 【うれる】① to sell (well) ② to be well known, to be popular, to be famous
発 【はつ】① departure, departing (from ...), departing (at time ...) ② beginning ③ issued by (e.g. document) ④ counter for gunshots, counter for blows (punches)
発見 【はっけん】discovery, detection, finding
発行 【はっこう】① issue (publications), publishing ② raising an event (software)
病 【やまい】illness, disease
不安 【ふあん】anxiety, uneasiness, insecurity, suspense
不運 【ふうん】unlucky, misfortune, bad luck, fate
不正 【ふせい】injustice, unfairness, iniquity, impropriety, irregularity, dishonesty, illegality, fraud
不足 【ふそく】insufficiency, shortage, deficiency, lack, dearth
父親 【ちちおや】father
分野 【ぶんや】field, sphere, realm, division, branch
文 【ぶん】sentence, text
文字 【もじ】① letter (of alphabet), character ② literal
別れ 【わかれ】parting, separation, farewell, (lateral) branch, fork, offshoot, division, section
歩道 【ほどう】footpath, walkway, sidewalk
母親 【ははおや】mother
味わう 【あじわう】to taste, to savor, to relish
味方 【みかた】friend, ally, supporter
目立つ 【めだつ】to be conspicuous, to stand out
野 【の】① plain, field ② hidden (structural) member ③ wild ④ lacking a political post
有料 【ゆうりょう】toll, fee, charge, admission-paid
用いる 【もちいる】to use, to make use of
用心 【ようじん】care, precaution, guarding, caution
立ち止まる 【たちどまる】to stop, to halt, to stand still
立ち上がる 【たちあがる】① to stand up, to get up ② to rise ③ to recover ④ to take action, to start ⑤ to make the initial charge (in sumo)
立場 【たちば】standpoint, position, situation
旅 【たび】travel, trip, journey
料金 【りょうきん】fee, charge, fare
力 【りょく】strength, power
話題 【わだい】topic, subject
一家 【いっか】a house, a home, a family, a household, one's family, one's folks, a style
姉妹 【しまい】sisters
主人 【しゅじん】① head (of a household), proprietor (of a store), proprietress, landlord, landlady ② one's husband ③ (one's) employer, (one's) master ④ host, hostess
少女 【しょうじょ】young lady, little girl, virgin, maiden, daughter
注ぐ 【そそぐ】① to pour (into), to fill ② to sprinkle on from above, to shed (e.g. tears) ③ to concentrate one's spirit or strength on ④ to fall onto (of rain, snow)
転ぶ 【ころぶ】to fall down, to fall over
空く 【すく】① to become less crowded, to thin out, to get empty ② to be hungry
足元 【あしもと】① at one's feet, underfoot ② gait, pace, step ③ you, thou
言う 【ゆう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
思い出 【おもいで】memories, recollections, reminiscence
少々 【しょうしょう】just a minute, small quantity
銀 【ぎん】① silver, silver coin, silver paint ② silver general (shogi)
少なくとも 【すくなくとも】at least
建つ 【たつ】to be erected, to be built
出会う 【であう】to meet by chance, to come across, to happen to encounter, to hold a rendezvous, to have a date
計る 【はかる】① to measure, to weigh, to survey, to time (sound, gauge, estimate) ② to conjecture, to infer, to surmise
昼食 【ちゅうしょく】① lunch, midday meal ② food served at a tea party (tea ceremony)
広がる 【ひろがる】to spread (out), to extend, to stretch, to reach to, to get around, to fill (e.g. a space)
広げる 【ひろげる】to spread, to extend, to expand, to enlarge, to widen, to broaden, to unfold, to open, to unroll
お昼 【おひる】lunch, noon
不 【ふ】un-, non-, negative prefix
者 【しゃ】someone of that nature, someone doing that work
元 【もと】former, ex-
安定 【あんてい】stability, equilibrium
委員 【いいん】committee member
易い 【やすい】easy
育つ 【そだつ】to be raised (e.g. child), to be brought up, to grow (up)
一流 【いちりゅう】first-class, top grade, school (of art), foremost, top-notch, unique
引退 【いんたい】retire
羽 【はね】① feather, plume, wing ② blade (fan, propeller, etc.)
営業 【えいぎょう】business, trade, sales, operations
横切る 【よこぎる】to cross (e.g. road), to traverse
横断 【おうだん】① crossing ② transverse
王子 【おうじ】prince
王様 【おうさま】king
屋根 【やね】roof
温度 【おんど】temperature
化学 【かがく】① chemistry ② chemical company (e.g. Acme Chemical Co.)
加える 【くわえる】to append, to sum up, to add (up), to include, to increase, to inflict
加わる 【くわわる】to join in, to accede to, to increase, to gain in (influence)
家具 【かぐ】furniture
火曜 【かよう】Tuesday
会合 【かいごう】① meeting, assembly ② association ③ (astronomical) conjunction
会費 【かいひ】membership fee
回す 【まわす】① to turn, to rotate, to gyrate ② to circulate, to send around ③ to surround ④ to put something to a new use (e.g. leftovers) ⑤ (after the -masu stem of a verb) ... around (i.e. to chase someone around) ⑥ to dial (e.g. telephone number)
回転 【かいてん】rotation (usu. around something), revolution, turning
絵画 【かいが】picture, painting
外交 【がいこう】diplomacy
確かめる 【たしかめる】to ascertain, to check, to make sure
確実 【かくじつ】certainty, reliability, soundness
学期 【がっき】school term, semester
額 【がく】① picture (framed) ② amount or sum (of money)
活気 【かっき】energy, liveliness
活動 【かつどう】action, activity
活用 【かつよう】① practical use, application ② conjugation, declension, inflection
感じ 【かんじ】feeling, sense, impression
感じる 【かんじる】to feel, to sense, to experience
感情 【かんじょう】emotion, feeling, feelings, sentiment
感心 【かんしん】admiration, Well done!
感動 【かんどう】being deeply moved emotionally, excitement, passion, deep emotion, impression
観客 【かんきゃく】audience, spectator, spectators
観光 【かんこう】sightseeing
丸 【まる】① circle ② full (e.g. month, day, etc.) ③ perfection, purity ④ suffix for ship names
岸 【きし】bank, coast, shore
岩 【いわ】rock, crag
期間 【きかん】period, term, interval
期待 【きたい】expectation, anticipation, hope
気温 【きおん】atmospheric temperature
記事 【きじ】article, news story, report, account
記者 【きしゃ】reporter
記入 【きにゅう】entry, filling in of forms
記録 【きろく】① record, minutes, document ② a record (e.g. in sports), results, score ③ to record, to document ④ to set a record (e.g. in sports), to show a result, to reach a value
逆 【ぎゃく】① reverse, opposite ② converse (of a hypothesis, etc.)
逆らう 【さからう】to go against, to oppose, to disobey, to defy
休息 【きゅうそく】rest, relief, relaxation
急速 【きゅうそく】rapid (e.g. progress)
求める 【もとめる】to seek, to request, to demand, to want, to wish for, to search for, to pursue (pleasure), to hunt (a job), to buy
旧 【きゅう】ex-, former, old
強調 【きょうちょう】emphasis, highlight, stress, stressed point
教科書 【きょうかしょ】textbook, text book
禁止 【きんし】prohibition, inhibition, ban
金額 【きんがく】amount of money
金庫 【きんこ】safe, vault, treasury, provider of funds
金曜 【きんよう】Friday
区別 【くべつ】distinction, differentiation, classification
苦しい 【くるしい】painful, difficult
苦しむ 【くるしむ】to suffer, to groan, to be worried
苦手 【にがて】poor (at), weak (in), dislike (of)
計算 【けいさん】① calculation, reckoning, count ② forecast
欠ける 【かける】① to be chipped, to be damaged, to be broken ② to be lacking, to be missing ③ to be insufficient, to be short, to be deficient, to be negligent toward ④ (of the moon) to wane, to go into eclipse
欠点 【けってん】faults, defect, weakness
決心 【けっしん】determination, resolution
決定 【けってい】decision, determination
月曜 【げつよう】Monday
県 【けん】① prefecture (of Japan) ② county (of China)
言語 【げんご】language
語る 【かたる】to talk, to tell, to recite
公平 【こうへい】fairness, impartial, justice
向く 【むく】① to face ② to turn toward ③ to be suited to, to be fit for
向け 【むけ】intended for ..., oriented towards ..., aimed at ...
向ける 【むける】to turn towards, to point
幸い 【さいわい】happiness, blessedness
幸福 【こうふく】happiness, blessedness
高速 【こうそく】① high speed, high gear ② highway, freeway, expressway, motorway
号 【ごう】① number, edition, make, model, issue, part of that group ② sobriquet, pen-name
合わせる 【あわせる】① to match (rhythm, speed, etc.) ② to join together, to unite, to combine, to add up ③ to face, to be opposite (someone) ④ to compare, to check with ⑤ to cause to meet (e.g. an unpleasant fate) ⑥ to place together, to connect, to overlap ⑦ to mix, to combine ⑧ to put blade to blade, to fight
合計 【ごうけい】sum total, total amount
合図 【あいず】sign, signal
国王 【こくおう】king
黒板 【こくばん】blackboard
今回 【こんかい】now, this time, lately
根 【ね】① root (of a plant) ② root (of a tooth, hair, etc.), center (of a pimple, etc.) ③ root root (of all evil, etc.), source, origin, cause, basis ④ one's true nature ⑤ (fishing) reef
混ぜる 【まぜる】to mix, to stir, to blend
才能 【さいのう】talent, ability
作物 【さくもつ】produce (e.g. agricultural), crops
参加 【さんか】participation
残り 【のこり】remnant, residue, remaining, left-over
思想 【しそう】thought, idea, ideology
指す 【さす】① to point ② to nominate, to select someone, to specify some person ③ to identify, to indicate, to point out
指導 【しどう】① leadership, guidance, coaching ② shido (disciplinary action for a minor infringement of the rules of judo)
試し 【ためし】trial, test
試す 【ためす】to attempt, to test, to try out
事実 【じじつ】fact, truth, reality
事情 【じじょう】circumstances, consideration, conditions, situation, reasons
時期 【じき】time, season, period
自身 【じしん】by oneself, personally
自然 【しぜん】① nature, spontaneity ② naturally, spontaneously
式 【しき】① equation, formula, expression ② ceremony ③ style
実 【み】① fruit, nut ② seed ③ (in broth) pieces of meat, vegetable, etc. ④ content, substance
実は 【じつは】as a matter of fact, by the way, to tell you the truth, to be honest, frankly
実験 【じっけん】experiment
実行 【じっこう】practice, practise, performance, execution (e.g. program) (programme), realization, realisation, implementation
取り出す 【とりだす】① to take out, to produce, to pick out ② to fetch, to retrieve
取り消す 【とりけす】to cancel, to revoke
取り上げる 【とりあげる】① to take up, to pick up ② to accept, to adopt, to listen to ③ to disqualify, to confiscate, to deprive ④ to adopt (child)
取れる 【とれる】① to come off, to be removed ② (of pain, a fever, etc.) to disappear ③ to be caught, to be harvested ④ to be interpreted (as), to be taken as ⑤ (of balance, etc.) to be attained ⑥ to be obtainable
守る 【まもる】① to protect, to guard, to defend ② to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow
手術 【しゅじゅつ】surgical operation
手伝い 【てつだい】① helper, assistant ② help
首相 【しゅしょう】Prime Minister, Chancellor (Germany, Austria, etc.), Premier
首都 【しゅと】capital city, metropolis
受け取る 【うけとる】① to receive, to get, to accept ② to take, to interpret, to understand
州 【しゅう】① state, province, county (UK), department (of ancient China) ② continent
終える 【おえる】to finish
集会 【しゅうかい】meeting, assembly
集中 【しゅうちゅう】concentration, convergence, centralization, integration, gathering together
宿 【やど】inn, lodging
出身 【しゅっしん】① person's origin (town, city, country, etc.) ② institution from which one graduated ③ director in charge of employee relations
書物 【しょもつ】books
書類 【しょるい】documents, official papers
助かる 【たすかる】to be saved, to be rescued, to survive, to be helpful
助ける 【たすける】to help, to save, to rescue, to give relief to, to spare (life), to reinforce, to promote, to abet
助手 【じょしゅ】helper, helpmeet, assistant, tutor
女王 【じょおう】queen
勝負 【しょうぶ】victory or defeat, match, contest, game, bout
商売 【しょうばい】trade, business, commerce, transaction, occupation
商品 【しょうひん】commodity, article of commerce, goods, stock, merchandise
小麦 【こむぎ】wheat
消費 【しょうひ】consumption, expenditure
場面 【ばめん】scene, setting (e.g. of novel)
常に 【つねに】always, constantly
植物 【しょくぶつ】plant, vegetation
食物 【しょくもつ】food, foodstuff
新た 【あらた】① new, fresh, novel ② newly, freshly, re-
身 【み】① body ② oneself ③ one's place, one's position ④ main part, meat (as opposed to bone, skin, etc.), wood (as opposed to bark), blade (as opposed to its handle), container(as opposed to its lid)
身長 【しんちょう】height (of body), stature
身分 【みぶん】social position, social status
進める 【すすめる】to advance, to promote, to hasten
進学 【しんがく】entering a higher-level school, esp. going on to university
進歩 【しんぽ】progress, development
人物 【じんぶつ】character, personality, person, man, personage, talented man
人類 【じんるい】mankind, humanity
数える 【かぞえる】to count, to enumerate
数字 【すうじ】numeral, figure, digit, numeric character
正確 【せいかく】accurate, punctual, exact, authentic, veracious
正式 【せいしき】due form, official, formality
正直 【しょうじき】① honesty, integrity, frankness ② honestly, frankly
生き物 【いきもの】living thing, animal
生物 【せいぶつ】living things, creature
生命 【せいめい】life, existence
実に 【じつに】indeed, really, absolutely, truly, actually, very, quite
石炭 【せきたん】coal
石油 【せきゆ】oil, petroleum, kerosene
選手 【せんしゅ】player (in game), team member
前進 【ぜんしん】advance, drive, progress
全 【ぜん】all, whole, entire, complete, overall, pan-
全く 【まったく】① really, truly, entirely, completely, wholly, perfectly ② indeed ③ good grief (expression of exasperation)
全員 【ぜんいん】all members (unanimity), all hands, the whole crew, everyone, everybody
全身 【ぜんしん】① whole (body), full-length (e.g. portrait) ② systemic
全体 【ぜんたい】whole, entirety, whatever (is the matter)
全力 【ぜんりょく】all one's power, whole energy
組み立てる 【くみたてる】to assemble, to set up, to construct
組む 【くむ】① to cross (legs or arms), to link (arms) ② to put together, to construct, to assemble, to produce (e.g. TV program) ③ to braid, to plait ④ to grapple, to wrestle ⑤ to unite, to link up, to form an alliance ⑥ to set (e.g. type) ⑦ to issue (e.g. money order)
組合 【くみあい】association, union
相手 【あいて】① companion, partner, company ② other party, addressee ③ opponent (sports, etc.)
相当 【そうとう】① befitting, becoming, worthy of, proportionate, in keeping with, suitable ② considerable, substantial ③ to be worthy of, to be proportionate to ④ to correspond to (in meaning, function, etc.), to be equivalent ⑤ extremely, considerably
息 【いき】① breath, breathing ② tone, mood
速度 【そくど】speed, velocity, rate
太陽 【たいよう】sun, solar
身体 【しんたい】① body ② health
体温 【たいおん】temperature, body temperature (human, animal)
対 【たい】① opposite, opposition ② versus, vs ③ to (i.e. "we won the game five to three") ④ equal footing, equal terms ⑤ against ..., anti-, toward ..., to ...
代表 【だいひょう】representative, representation, delegation, type, example, model
単なる 【たんなる】mere, simple, sheer
単に 【たんに】simply, merely, only, solely
単語 【たんご】word, vocabulary, (usually) single-character word
断る 【ことわる】① to refuse, to reject, to dismiss, to turn down, to decline ② to inform, to give notice, to tell in advance ③ to ask leave, to excuse oneself (from)
知能 【ちのう】intelligence, brains
地球 【ちきゅう】the earth, the globe
地区 【ちく】district, section, sector
地点 【ちてん】site, point on a map, spot
地面 【じめん】ground, earth's surface
中央 【ちゅうおう】centre, central, center, middle
調子 【ちょうし】① tune, tone, key, pitch, time, rhythm ② vein, mood, way, manner, style, knack ③ condition, state of health ④ impetus, spur of the moment, strain ⑤ trend
長期 【ちょうき】long time period
長所 【ちょうしょ】strong point, merit, virtue, advantage
直ちに 【ただちに】at once, immediately, directly, in person
追う 【おう】① to chase, to run after, to pursue ② to follow (i.e. a set order, a trend) ③ to drive out, to oust, to expel ④ to drive (i.e. a herd) ⑤ (in passive voice) to be pressed (for time, etc.)
通じる 【つうじる】to run to, to lead to, to communicate, to understand, to be well-informed
通す 【とおす】to let pass, to overlook, to continue, to keep, to make way for, to persist in
通学 【つうがく】commuting to school, school commute
通知 【つうち】notice, notification, report, posting
低下 【ていか】fall, decline, lowering, deterioration, degradation
的 【てき】-like, typical
鉄 【てつ】iron
鉄道 【てつどう】railroad
伝わる 【つたわる】to be handed down, to be introduced, to be transmitted, to be circulated, to go along, to walk along
電池 【でんち】battery
登山 【とざん】mountain climbing
都会 【とかい】city
都市 【とし】town, city, municipal, urban
土曜 【どよう】Saturday
当たり前 【あたりまえ】① natural, reasonable, obvious ② usual, common, ordinary
当たる 【あたる】① to be hit, to strike ② to touch, to be in contact, to be affixed ③ to be equivalent to, to be applicable, to apply to ④ to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.) ⑤ to be selected (in a lottery, etc.), to win ⑥ to be successful, to go well, to be a hit ⑦ to face, to confront ⑧ to lie (in the direction of) ⑨ to undertake, to be assigned ⑩ to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.), to be afflicted ⑪ to be called upon (by the teacher) ⑫ to treat (esp. harshly), to lash out at ⑬ to be unnecessary ⑭ (in baseball) to be hitting well, to be on a hitting streak ⑮ (in fishing) to feel a bite ⑯ (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised, to spoil ⑰ to feel (something) out, to probe into, to check (i.e. by comparison) ⑱ to shave
当てる 【あてる】① to hit ② to expose ③ to apply (e.g. patch) ④ to allot, to call on someone (e.g. in class) ⑤ to guess (an answer) ⑥ to make a hit (e.g. in a lottery)
当てはまる 【あてはまる】to apply (a rule), to be applicable, to come under (a category), to fulfill
当時 【とうじ】at that time, in those days
等しい 【ひとしい】equal, similar, like, equivalent
同様 【どうよう】identical, equal to, same (kind), like, similarity
道路 【どうろ】road, highway
特定 【とくてい】specific, special, particular
日光 【にっこう】sunlight
日曜 【にちよう】Sunday
能力 【のうりょく】ability, faculty
農家 【のうか】farmer, farm family
農業 【のうぎょう】agriculture
波 【なみ】wave
馬 【うま】① horse ② promoted bishop (shogi)
配る 【くばる】to distribute, to deliver, to deal (cards)
発表 【はっぴょう】announcement, publication
発明 【はつめい】invention
犯人 【はんにん】offender, criminal
番目 【ばんめ】cardinal number suffix
悲しむ 【かなしむ】to be sad, to mourn for, to regret
皮肉 【ひにく】cynicism, sarcasm, irony, satire
費 【ひ】cost, expense
費用 【ひよう】cost, expense
飛ばす 【とばす】① to fly, to fire, to hurl ② to skip over, to omit, to drop (e.g. stitch) ③ to run or drive fast, to gallop ④ to spread a rumour (rumor), to tell a story ⑤ to remove, to get rid of, to transfer ⑥ to attack, to jeer at
飛び出す 【とびだす】① to jump out, to rush out, to fly out ② to appear (suddenly) ③ to protrude, to project ④ to butt in
美人 【びじん】beautiful person (woman)
氷 【こおり】① ice ② shaved ice (usually served with flavored simple syrup)
表 【ひょう】table (e.g. Tab 1), chart, list
表情 【ひょうじょう】facial expression
表面 【ひょうめん】surface, outside, face, appearance
秒 【びょう】second (60th min)
不幸 【ふこう】unhappiness, sorrow, misfortune, disaster, accident, death
不自由 【ふじゆう】① discomfort, inconvenience ② poverty, want, destitution ③ disability, impairment (physical, mental, etc.)
不満 【ふまん】dissatisfaction, displeasure, discontent, complaints, unhappiness, disgruntled
部 【ぶ】① department (in an organization), division, bureau ② club ③ part, component, element ④ category ⑤ counter for copies of a newspaper or magazine
部分 【ぶぶん】portion, section, part
物語 【ものがたり】tale, story, legend
物事 【ものごと】things, everything
物質 【ぶっしつ】material, substance
物理 【ぶつり】physics, law of nature
分類 【ぶんるい】classification, categorization, sorting
文明 【ぶんめい】① civilization, civilisation, culture ② Bummei era (1469.4.28-1487.7.20)
平ら 【たいら】flatness, level, smooth, calm, plain, sitting tailor fashion
平気 【へいき】coolness, calmness, composure, unconcern
平等 【びょうどう】equality, impartiality, evenness
平和 【へいわ】peace, harmony
辺り 【あたり】① on the bank of, by the side of (e.g. a river, pond) ② (in the) neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity, nearby
放す 【はなす】to separate, to set free, to turn loose
方向 【ほうこう】① direction, orientation, bearing, way ② course (e.g. of action)
望み 【のぞみ】① wish, desire, hope ② prospect, expectation, (one's) hopes
望む 【のぞむ】to desire, to wish for, to see, to command (a view of)
防ぐ 【ふせぐ】to defend (against), to protect, to prevent
本物 【ほんもの】genuine article
満足 【まんぞく】① satisfaction ② sufficiency
無し 【なし】without
無事 【ぶじ】safety, peace, quietness
無料 【むりょう】free, no charge
命 【いのち】(mortal) life
命じる 【めいじる】to order, to command, to appoint
明ける 【あける】① to dawn, to grow light ② to end
明らか 【あきらか】obvious, evident, clear, plain
明確 【めいかく】clear, precise, definite, distinct
迷う 【まよう】① to lose one's way ② to waver, to hesitate, to be of two minds over, to be puzzled, to be perplexed ③ to give into temptation, to lose control of oneself ④ to turn in one's grave
鳴らす 【ならす】to ring, to sound, to chime, to beat, to snort (nose)
木曜 【もくよう】Thursday
目指す 【めざす】to aim at, to have an eye on
目的 【もくてき】purpose, goal, aim, objective, intention
夜明け 【よあけ】dawn, daybreak
役 【やく】① use, service, role ② post, position ③ scoring combination (e.g. in mahjong, card games, etc.), hand
友情 【ゆうじょう】friendship, fellowship, camaraderie
有能 【ゆうのう】able, capable, efficient, skill
昨夜 【さくや】① evening ② last night
予期 【よき】expectation, assume will happen, forecast
予算 【よさん】estimate, budget
様子 【ようす】① state, state of affairs, situation, circumstances ② appearance, look, aspect ③ sign, indication
陽気 【ようき】① cheerful, merry ② season, weather
理想 【りそう】ideal, dream
流す 【ながす】① to drain, to pour, to spill, to shed (blood, tears) ② to wash away ③ to distribute (e.g. electricity over wires, music over a PA system, etc.), to circulate, to broadcast, to beam ④ to cruise (e.g. taxi) ⑤ to float, to set adrift
流れ 【ながれ】stream, current, flow
流れる 【ながれる】to stream, to flow (liquid, time, etc.), to run (ink), to be washed away
流行る 【はやる】① to be popular, to come into fashion ② to be prevalent, to spread widely (e.g. disease), to be endemic ③ to flourish, to thrive
留学 【りゅうがく】studying abroad (usu. at university level)
量 【りょう】quantity, amount, volume, portion (of food)
例外 【れいがい】exception
列 【れつ】queue, line, row, column, sequence, string, train
列車 【れっしゃ】train (ordinary)
話し合う 【はなしあう】to discuss, to talk together
商人 【しょうにん】trader, shopkeeper, merchant
乗客 【じょうきゃく】passenger
数 【すう】① several, a number of ② number, numeral, figure ③ destiny, fate ④ law
全国 【ぜんこく】country-wide, nation-wide, whole country, national
他人 【たにん】another person, unrelated person, outsider, stranger
谷 【たに】valley
毎月 【まいつき】every month, each month, monthly
明後日 【みょうごにち】day after tomorrow
面 【めん】① face ② mask, face guard ③ (in kendo) striking the head ④ surface (esp. a geometrical surface) ⑤ page ⑥ aspect, facet, side ⑦ chamfer ⑧ counter for broad, flat objects, levels or stages, e.g. in a video game
流行 【りゅうこう】fashion, fad, vogue, craze
例 【れい】① custom, practice, habit, usual ② said, aforementioned ③ instance, example, case, illustration, usage ④ precedent ⑤ annual
明かり 【あかり】① light, illumination, glow, gleam ② lamp, light
暗記 【あんき】memorization, memorisation, learning by heart
科目 【かもく】(school) subject, curriculum, course
協力 【きょうりょく】cooperation, collaboration
幸運 【こううん】good luck, fortune
幸せ 【しあわせ】happiness, good fortune, luck, blessing
知り合い 【しりあい】acquaintance
例える 【たとえる】to compare, to liken, to speak figuratively, to illustrate, to use a simile
次々 【つぎつぎ】in succession, one by one
問い合わせ 【といあわせ】enquiry, inquiry, ENQ, query, interrogation
残す 【のこす】to leave (behind, over), to bequeath, to save, to reserve
乗せる 【のせる】① to give (someone) a ride, to give a lift, to pick up, to help on board ② to deceive, to take for a ride
引き受ける 【ひきうける】① to be responsible for ② to take over, to take up ③ to guarantee, to undertake ④ to contract (a disease)
祭 【まつり】festival, feast
回り 【まわり】① circumference, perimeter, edge ② surroundings, locality, neighborhood ③ rotation, circulation
満点 【まんてん】perfect score
満ちる 【みちる】① to be full ② to wax (e.g. moon) ③ to rise (e.g. tide) ④ to mature, to expire
向かい 【むかい】facing, opposite, across the street, other side
虫歯 【むしば】cavity, tooth decay, decayed tooth, caries
王 【おう】① king, ruler, sovereign, monarch ② king (for senior player) (shogi)
他 【た】other (esp. people and abstract matters)
感 【かん】feeling, sensation, emotion, admiration, impression
無 【む】① nothing, naught, nought, nil, zero ② un-, non-
化 【か】action of making something, -ification
両 【りょう】① both (e.g. both shoulders, etc.) ② ryo (obsolete unit of currency) ③ 41-42 g (one sixteenth of a kin) ④ 2 tan (measure of fabric size) ⑤ counter for carriages (e.g. in a train)
内 【ない】inside, within
愛 【あい】love, affection
愛する 【あいする】to love
愛情 【あいじょう】love, affection
以降 【いこう】on and after, as from, hereafter, thereafter, since
依頼 【いらい】① request, commission, dispatch, despatch ② dependence, trust
偉い 【えらい】① great, excellent, admirable, remarkable, distinguished, important, celebrated, famous, eminent ② awful, terrible
偉大 【いだい】greatness
囲む 【かこむ】to surround, to encircle
意識 【いしき】① consciousness ② awareness, sense ③ mano-vijnana (mental consciousness, cognizer of sensory information)
移動 【いどう】① removal, migration, movement ② mobile (e.g. communications)
胃 【い】① stomach ② Chinese "stomach" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
衣服 【いふく】clothes
違い 【ちがい】difference, discrepancy
違反 【いはん】violation (of law), transgression, infringement, breach
医師 【いし】doctor, physician
一層 【いっそう】① much more, still more, all the more, (would) rather, sooner, might as well ② single layer (or storey, etc.)
一般 【いっぱん】general, liberal, universal, ordinary, average
印 【しるし】① mark ② symbol ③ evidence
印刷 【いんさつ】printing
印象 【いんしょう】impression
永遠 【えいえん】eternity, perpetuity, immortality, permanence
鋭い 【するどい】pointed, sharp
液体 【えきたい】liquid, fluid
越す 【こす】① to cross over (e.g. mountain), to go across ② to go over (e.g. with audience) ③ to pass time (e.g. a winter) ④ to surpass, to be better than, to exceed ⑤ to move house ⑥ to go, to come
延期 【えんき】postponement, adjournment
演技 【えんぎ】acting, performance
演劇 【えんげき】play (theatrical)
演説 【えんぜつ】speech, address
煙 【けむり】smoke, fumes
汚す 【よごす】① to pollute, to contaminate, to soil, to make dirty, to stain ② to disgrace, to dishonour, to dishonor, to defile
奥 【おく】interior, inner part, inside
温泉 【おんせん】spa, hot spring, onsen
加減 【かげん】① addition and subtraction ② allowance for ③ degree, extent, measure ④ condition, state of health ⑤ seasoning, flavor, flavour, moderation, adjustment ⑥ influence (of the weather) ⑦ chance
可愛らしい 【かわいらしい】lovely, sweet
可能 【かのう】possible, practicable, feasible
果実 【かじつ】fruit, nut, berry
課 【か】① lesson ② section (in an organization), division, department ③ counter for lessons and chapters (of a book)
過ごす 【すごす】① to pass (time), to spend ② to overdo (esp. of one's alcohol consumption), to drink (alcohol) ③ to overdo, to do too much ④ to ... without acting on it
過去 【かこ】the past, bygone days, the previous
過失 【かしつ】① error, blunder, accident ② fault, defect
解く 【とく】① to solve, to answer ② to untie ③ to comb, to untangle (hair)
解ける 【とける】① to be solved ② to loosen, to come untied ③ to be removed (e.g. restrictions), to be cleared (e.g. misunderstandings), to be broken (e.g. spells, curses) ④ to melt
解決 【かいけつ】settlement, solution, resolution
解散 【かいさん】breakup, dissolution
回復 【かいふく】recovery (from illness), improvement, rehabilitation, restoration, convalescence
快適 【かいてき】pleasant, agreeable, comfortable
害 【がい】injury, harm, evil influence, damage
各 【かく】each, every, all
確認 【かくにん】affirmation, confirmation, validation
覚める 【さめる】① to wake, to wake up ② to become sober, to sober up, to regain consciousness (e.g. after anaesthesia) ③ to come to one's senses, to be disillusioned
割る 【わる】to divide, to cut, to break, to halve, to separate, to split, to rip, to crack, to smash, to dilute
乾燥 【かんそう】dry, arid, insipid, dehydrated
巻く 【まく】to wind, to coil, to roll
完成 【かんせい】① complete, completion ② perfection, accomplishment
完全 【かんぜん】perfection, completeness
完了 【かんりょう】① completion, conclusion ② perfective (form, aspect)
患者 【かんじゃ】(a) patient
感覚 【かんかく】sense, sensation, feeling, intuition
汗 【あせ】① sweat, perspiration ② moisture, condensation
管理 【かんり】control, management (e.g. of a business)
缶 【かん】can, tin
観察 【かんさつ】observation, survey
観念 【かんねん】① idea, notion, conception ② sense (e.g. of duty) ③ resignation, preparedness, acceptance ④ observation and contemplation
間違い 【まちがい】mistake
関心 【かんしん】concern, interest
関連 【かんれん】relation, connection, relevance
含む 【ふくむ】① to contain, to comprise, to have, to hold, to include, to embrace ② to hold in the mouth ③ to bear in mind, to understand, to harbor (grudge, etc.), to harbour ④ to express (emotion, etc.), to imply
願い 【ねがい】desire, wish, request, prayer, petition, application
願う 【ねがう】① to desire, to wish, to hope ② to beg, to request, to implore, to pray ③ to have something done for oneself
希望 【きぼう】hope, wish, aspiration
機能 【きのう】function, facility, faculty, feature
帰宅 【きたく】returning home
気の毒 【きのどく】pitiful, unfortunate, (a) pity
気候 【きこう】climate
記念 【きねん】commemoration, memory
技師 【ぎし】engineer, technician
疑う 【うたがう】to doubt, to distrust, to be suspicious of, to suspect
疑問 【ぎもん】question, problem, doubt, guess
議会 【ぎかい】Diet, congress, parliament
議長 【ぎちょう】chairman, speaker (e.g. of assembly), president (e.g. of council, senate, etc.), moderator (e.g. of a newsgroup)
議論 【ぎろん】argument, discussion, dispute, controversy
詰める 【つめる】① to pack, to fill, to plug, to stop up ② to shorten (length or distance), to move over, to make room (for someone) ③ to work out (details)
吸収 【きゅうしゅう】absorption, suction, attraction
給料 【きゅうりょう】salary, wages
居間 【いま】living room (western style)
巨大 【きょだい】huge, gigantic, enormous
許す 【ゆるす】① to permit, to allow, to approve ② to exempt (from fine), to excuse (from), to pardon, to forgive, to release, to let off ③ to confide in ④ to give up, to yield
許可 【きょか】permission, approval, authorization
供給 【きょうきゅう】supply, provision
競技 【きょうぎ】game, match, contest
共通 【きょうつう】① commonness, community ② -wide
叫ぶ 【さけぶ】to shout, to cry
強盗 【ごうとう】① robber, mugger ② robbery, burglary
恐らく 【おそらく】perhaps, likely, probably, I dare say
恐ろしい 【おそろしい】terrible, dreadful
恐怖 【きょうふ】fear, dread, dismay, terror
教師 【きょうし】teacher (classroom)
胸 【むね】breast, chest
努める 【つとめる】to endeavor (endeavour), to try, to strive, to make an effort, to exert oneself, to be diligent
禁煙 【きんえん】① No Smoking!, Smoking Prohibited! ② abstaining from smoking, quitting smoking
苦痛 【くつう】pain, agony, bitterness
苦労 【くろう】troubles, hardships
備える 【そなえる】① to furnish, to provide for, to equip, to install ② to have ready, to prepare for ③ to possess, to have, to be endowed with, to be armed with
偶然 【ぐうぜん】(by) chance, unexpectedly, suddenly, accident, fortuity
掘る 【ほる】to dig, to excavate
訓練 【くんれん】practice, practise, training
軍 【ぐん】army, force, troops
傾向 【けいこう】tendency, trend, inclination
敬意 【けいい】respect, honour, honor
景気 【けいき】condition, state, business (condition)
経つ 【たつ】to pass, to lapse
経営 【けいえい】management, administration
経由 【けいゆ】go by the way, via
警告 【けいこく】warning, advice
芸術 【げいじゅつ】(fine) art, the arts
劇 【げき】① drama, play ② powerful drug
劇場 【げきじょう】theatre, theater, playhouse
欠席 【けっせき】absence, non-attendance
券 【けん】ticket, coupon, bond, certificate
建設 【けんせつ】construction, establishment
建築 【けんちく】construction, architecture
権利 【けんり】right, privilege
肩 【かた】shoulder
見解 【けんかい】opinion, point of view
賢い 【かしこい】wise, clever, smart
減らす 【へらす】to abate, to decrease, to diminish, to shorten
減る 【へる】to decrease (in size or number), to diminish, to abate
現れる 【あらわれる】① to appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to come out, to embody, to materialize, to materialise ② to be expressed (e.g. emotions), to become apparent (e.g. trends, effects)
現金 【げんきん】cash, ready money, mercenary, self-interested
現在 【げんざい】now, current, present, present time, as of
現実 【げんじつ】reality
現象 【げんしょう】phenomenon
現場 【げんば】actual spot, scene, scene of the crime
現状 【げんじょう】present condition, existing state, status quo
現代 【げんだい】nowadays, modern era, modern times, present-day
限り 【かぎり】① limit, limits, bounds ② degree, extent, scope ③ as far as possible, as much as possible, to the best of one's ability ④ unless (after neg. verb) ⑤ the end, the last
限る 【かぎる】to restrict, to limit, to confine
限界 【げんかい】limit, bound
個人 【こじん】individual, private person, personal, private
呼び出す 【よびだす】① to summon, to call (e.g. phone), to convene, to decoy, to lure ② to invoke (e.g. subroutine), to call
呼吸 【こきゅう】① breath, respiration ② knack, trick, secret (of doing something)
枯れる 【かれる】to wither (plant), to be blasted, to die
互い 【たがい】mutual, reciprocal
誤り 【あやまり】error, mistake, slip, bug
誤解 【ごかい】misunderstanding
交換 【こうかん】exchange, interchange, switching, reciprocity, barter, substitution, replacement, clearing (of checks, cheques)
交際 【こうさい】company, friendship, association, society, acquaintance
光景 【こうけい】scene, spectacle
公務員 【こうむいん】government worker, public (civil) servant
効果 【こうか】effect, effectiveness, efficacy, result
好み 【このみ】liking, taste, choice
好む 【このむ】to like, to prefer
広告 【こうこく】advertisement
更に 【さらに】furthermore, again, after all, more and more, moreover
構う 【かまう】① to mind, to care about, to be concerned about ② to care for, to look after ③ to prepare for ④ to intefere with, to meddle in ⑤ to tease
構成 【こうせい】organization, organisation, configuration, composition
硬い 【かたい】① hard, solid, tough ② stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing) ③ strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved) ④ safe, steady, honest, steadfast ⑤ obstinate, stubborn ⑥ bookish, formal, stuffy
航空 【こうくう】aviation, flying
荒れる 【あれる】to be stormy, to be rough, to lose one's temper
講演 【こうえん】lecture, address, speech
合格 【ごうかく】success, passing (e.g. exam), eligibility
刻む 【きざむ】to mince, to carve, to engrave, to cut fine, to chop up, to hash, to chisel, to notch
国境 【こっきょう】national or state border
国民 【こくみん】nation, nationality, people, citizen
腰 【こし】① back, lower back, waist, hips, lumbar region ② body (of hair, noodle, paper, etc.), resilience, spring
骨折 【こっせつ】bone fracture
困難 【こんなん】difficulty, distress
婚約 【こんやく】engagement, betrothal
混雑 【こんざつ】confusion, congestion
混乱 【こんらん】disorder, chaos, confusion, mayhem
差 【さ】difference, variation
差す 【さす】① to raise (e.g. hands, umbrella), to stretch out ② to be tinged ③ to wear at one's side (e.g. sword) ④ to shine ⑤ to provoke a feeling
差別 【さべつ】discrimination, distinction, differentiation
座席 【ざせき】seat
再び 【ふたたび】again, once more, a second time
最も 【もっとも】most, extremely
最高 【さいこう】highest, supreme, the most
最終 【さいしゅう】last, final, closing
最低 【さいてい】① least, lowest, worst ② nasty, disgusting, horrible, yuck!
済ませる 【すませる】to finish, to make an end of, to get through with, to let end
際 【さい】on the occasion of, circumstances
材料 【ざいりょう】ingredients, material
財産 【ざいさん】property, fortune, assets
作成 【さくせい】framing, drawing up, making, producing, creating, creation, preparing, writing
札 【さつ】note, paper money
殺す 【ころす】to kill
散歩 【さんぽ】walk, stroll
賛成 【さんせい】approval, agreement, support, favour, favor
伺う 【うかがう】① to visit, to ask, to inquire, to hear, to be told ② to implore (a god for an oracle), to seek direction (from your superior) ③ to visit ④ to speak to (a large crowd at a theatre, etc.)
刺す 【さす】to pierce, to stab, to prick, to thrust, to bite, to sting, to pin down, to stitch, to put (a runner) out, to pole (a boat), to catch (with a line), to stick
支える 【ささえる】① to support, to prop, to sustain, to underlay, to hold up ② to hold at bay, to stem, to check
支給 【しきゅう】provision, supply, payment, allowance, grant
支出 【ししゅつ】expenditure, expenses
支店 【してん】branch store (office)
支配 【しはい】rule, control, direction
支払う 【しはらう】to pay
死亡 【しぼう】death, mortality
資料 【しりょう】materials, data, document
事件 【じけん】event, affair, incident, case, plot, trouble, scandal
事務 【じむ】business, office work
似合う 【にあう】to suit, to match, to become, to be like
時刻 【じこく】instant, time, moment
示す 【しめす】to denote, to show, to point out, to indicate, to exemplify
自殺 【じさつ】suicide
辞める 【やめる】to resign, to retire, to quit, to leave (one's job, etc.)
失う 【うしなう】to lose, to part with
失業 【しつぎょう】unemployment
失望 【しつぼう】disappointment, despair
湿気 【しっけ】moisture, humidity, dampness
実現 【じつげん】implementation (e.g. of a system), materialization, materialisation, realization, realisation
実際 【じっさい】① practicality, practical ② reality, actuality, actual conditions ③ bhutakoti (limit of reality)
主婦 【しゅふ】housewife, mistress (of the house), homemaker
主要 【しゅよう】chief, main, principal, major
手段 【しゅだん】means, way, measure
種類 【しゅるい】① variety, kind, type, category ② counter for different sorts of things
収入 【しゅうにゅう】income, receipts, revenue
周囲 【しゅうい】① surroundings, environs ② circumference
周辺 【しゅうへん】① circumference, outskirts, environs, around, in the area of, in the vicinity of ② (computer) peripheral
集団 【しゅうだん】group, mass
住宅 【じゅうたく】residence, housing, residential building
住民 【じゅうみん】citizens, inhabitants, residents, population
重要 【じゅうよう】important, momentous, essential, principal, major
宿泊 【しゅくはく】lodging
祝い 【いわい】congratulation, congratulations, celebration, festival, congratulatory gift
祝う 【いわう】to congratulate, to celebrate
出席 【しゅっせき】① attendance, presence, appearance ② to attend, to be present, to appear
出版 【しゅっぱん】publication
述べる 【のべる】to state, to express, to mention
順 【じゅん】order, turn
順調 【じゅんちょう】favourable, favorable, doing well, OK, all right
順番 【じゅんばん】turn (in line), order of things, sequential order
処理 【しょり】processing, dealing with, treatment, disposition, disposal
署名 【しょめい】signature
諸 【しょ】various, many, several
女優 【じょゆう】actress
除く 【のぞく】to remove, to exclude, to except
床 【ゆか】① floor ② stage (for the narrator and the shamisen player) ③ dining platform built across a river
承認 【しょうにん】recognition, acknowledgement, acknowledgment, approval, consent, agreement
招く 【まねく】to invite
照らす 【てらす】to shine on, to illuminate
省く 【はぶく】to omit, to eliminate, to curtail, to economize, to economise
笑顔 【えがお】smiling face, smile
象 【ぞう】elephant
賞 【しょう】prize, award
昇る 【のぼる】① to ascend, to go up, to climb ② to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise ③ to go to (the capital) ④ to be promoted ⑤ to add up to ⑥ to advance (in price) ⑦ to swim up (a river), to sail up ⑧ to come up (on the agenda)
上達 【じょうたつ】improvement, advance, progress
常識 【じょうしき】common knowledge, conventional wisdom, general knowledge, common sense
情報 【じょうほう】① news, gossip, (military) intelligence ② information (data contained in characters, signals, code, etc.)
状況 【じょうきょう】state of affairs (around you), situation, circumstances
職 【しょく】employment
職業 【しょくぎょう】occupation, business
職場 【しょくば】one's post, place of work, workplace
触れる 【ふれる】① to touch, to feel ② to experience, to come in contact with, to be emotionally moved (by), to perceive ③ to touch on a subject, to allude to ④ to be in conflict (with), to violate (law, copyright, etc.) ⑤ to proclaim
食欲 【しょくよく】appetite (for food)
伸びる 【のびる】① to stretch, to extend, to lengthen, to spread ② to make progress, to grow (beard, body height) ③ to grow stale (soba) ④ to be straightened, to be flattened, to be smoothed ⑤ to be exhausted ⑥ to be postponed, to be prolonged
信じる 【しんじる】to believe, to believe in, to place trust in, to confide in, to have faith in
信号 【しんごう】traffic lights, signal, semaphore
信用 【しんよう】confidence, dependence, credit, faith, reliance, belief, credence
信頼 【しんらい】reliance, trust, faith, confidence
心臓 【しんぞう】heart
深刻 【しんこく】serious
申し込む 【もうしこむ】to apply for, to make an application, to propose (marriage), to offer (mediation), to make an overture (of peace), to challenge, to lodge (objections), to request (an interview), to subscribe for, to book, to reserve
真似 【まね】mimicry, imitation, behavior, behaviour, pretense, pretence
神経 【しんけい】nerve, sensitivity
針 【はり】① needle, pin, hook ② stinger, thorn ③ hand (e.g. clock, etc.), pointer ④ staple (for a stapler) ⑤ needlework, sewing ⑥ malice ⑦ counter for stitches
震える 【ふるえる】to shiver, to shake, to quake, to tremble, to quaver, to quiver
人種 【じんしゅ】race (of people)
制限 【せいげん】restriction, restraint, limitation, limit
制度 【せいど】system, institution, organization, organisation
性 【せい】① nature (of a person) ② sex ③ gender ④ -ty (suffix indicating quality or condition), -ity, -ness
性格 【せいかく】character, personality
性質 【せいしつ】nature, property, disposition
成人 【せいじん】① adult ② to grow up, to mature ③ to come of age
成績 【せいせき】results, record, grades
成長 【せいちょう】growth, grow to adulthood
政府 【せいふ】government, administration
生産 【せいさん】production, manufacture
精神 【せいしん】mind, soul, heart, spirit, intention
税金 【ぜいきん】tax, duty
積む 【つむ】to pile up, to stack, to load (car, ship, etc.), to pack
積もる 【つもる】① to pile up, to accumulate ② to estimate
責める 【せめる】to condemn, to blame, to criticize, to criticise
責任 【せきにん】① duty, responsibility (incl. supervision of staff) ② liability, onus
跡 【あと】① trace, tracks, mark, sign ② remains, ruins ③ scar
接する 【せっする】① to come in contact with, to touch, to connect (with) ② to attend (to) ③ to receive (visitors)
設計 【せっけい】plan, design, layout
設備 【せつび】equipment, device, facilities, installation
説 【せつ】theory
絶えず 【たえず】constantly, always, continually, steadily
絶対 【ぜったい】① absolutely, unconditionally ② absolute, unconditional, unmistakable ③ absoluteness
占める 【しめる】① to comprise (some part of the whole), to account for, to make up (of) ② to hold, to occupy
河 【かわ】① river, stream ② the .... river, (suffix used with the names of rivers)
双子 【ふたご】twins, a twin
想像 【そうぞう】imagination, guess
相続 【そうぞく】succession, inheritance
相変わらず 【あいかわらず】as ever, as usual, the same
総 【そう】whole, all, general, gross
装置 【そうち】equipment, installation, apparatus, device
増す 【ます】to increase, to grow
増加 【ぞうか】increase, increment, addition
憎む 【にくむ】to hate, to detest
贈る 【おくる】to send, to give to, to award to, to confer on
存じる 【ぞんじる】to think, feel, consider, know, etc.
存在 【そんざい】existence, being
孫 【まご】grandchild
尊敬 【そんけい】respect, esteem, reverence, honour, honor
尊重 【そんちょう】respect, esteem, regard
損 【そん】loss, disadvantage
損害 【そんがい】damage, injury, loss
対象 【たいしょう】target, object (of worship, study, etc.), subject (of taxation, etc.)
大臣 【だいじん】cabinet minister
大陸 【たいりく】continent
達する 【たっする】to reach, to get to
単位 【たんい】① unit, denomination ② credit (in school)
単純 【たんじゅん】simplicity
担当 【たんとう】(in) charge (of an area of responsibility, but not necessarily supervision of staff)
団体 【だんたい】organization, organisation, association
知識 【ちしき】knowledge, information
地位 【ちい】(social) position, status
地域 【ちいき】area, region
遅刻 【ちこく】lateness, late coming
仲 【なか】relation, relationship
仲間 【なかま】company, fellow, colleague, associate, comrade, mate, group, circle of friends, partner
仲良し 【なかよし】intimate friend, close friend, bosom buddy, chum
駐車 【ちゅうしゃ】parking (e.g. car)
著者 【ちょしゃ】author (usu. of a particular book, etc.), writer
貯金 【ちょきん】(bank) savings
調査 【ちょうさ】investigation, examination, inquiry, enquiry, survey
頂上 【ちょうじょう】top, summit, peak
直接 【ちょくせつ】direct, immediate, personal, firsthand
沈む 【しずむ】to sink, to feel depressed
通り過ぎる 【とおりすぎる】to pass, to pass through
通過 【つうか】passage through, transit, passing
底 【そこ】bottom, sole
程度 【ていど】degree, amount, grade, standard, of the order of (following a number)
泥 【どろ】mud
適切 【てきせつ】pertinent, appropriate, adequate, relevance
適度 【てきど】moderate
適用 【てきよう】applying (e.g. a technology), adoption
天候 【てんこう】weather
努力 【どりょく】great effort, exertion, endeavour, endeavor, effort
怒鳴る 【どなる】to shout, to yell
倒す 【たおす】① to throw down, to bring down, to blow down, to fell, to knock down ② to kill, to defeat, to beat ③ to overthrow, to trip up, to ruin ④ to leave unpaid, to cheat
党 【とう】① party (political) ② faction, -ite
塔 【とう】tower, pagoda
到着 【とうちゃく】arrival
頭痛 【ずつう】headache
動詞 【どうし】verb
得る 【うる】① (after the -masu stem of a verb) to be able to ..., can ... ② to get, to acquire, to obtain, to procure, to earn, to win, to gain, to secure, to attain
得意 【とくい】① triumph, prosperity ② pride ③ one's strong point, one's forte, one's specialty ④ frequent customer (client, etc.)
毒 【どく】poison, toxicant
突っ込む 【つっこむ】① to thrust something into something ② to plunge into, to go into deeply ③ to meddle, to interfere ④ to retort ⑤ to riposte
突然 【とつぜん】abrupt, sudden, unexpected, all at once
届く 【とどく】① to reach, to arrive, to get through, to get at ② to be attentive, to pay attention ③ to be delivered, to carry (e.g. sound)
内容 【ないよう】subject, contents, matter, substance, detail, import
南極 【なんきょく】① South Pole ② the Antarctic, Antarctica
日付 【ひづけ】date, dating
任せる 【まかせる】① to entrust (e.g. a task) to another, to leave to ② to passively leave to someone else's facilities ③ to leave to take its natural course ④ to continue (something) in a natural fashion (without particular aim) ⑤ to rely fully on one's (full strength, great ability, long time taken) to get something done
認める 【みとめる】① to recognize, to recognise, to appreciate ② to observe, to notice ③ to admit, to approve
熱心 【ねっしん】zeal, enthusiasm
熱中 【ねっちゅう】nuts!, enthusiasm, zeal, mania
燃える 【もえる】to burn, to get fired up
悩む 【なやむ】to be worried, to be troubled
濃い 【こい】① deep (colour), dark ② strong (flavour, smell, etc.) ③ thick (consistency), dense ④ strong (possibility, etc.) ⑤ thick (i.e. "as thick as thieves"), close, deep (love, etc.)
農民 【のうみん】farmers, peasants
破る 【やぶる】to tear, to violate, to defeat, to smash, to destroy, to break (e.g. password)
破産 【はさん】bankruptcy, insolvency
配達 【はいたつ】delivery, distribution
爆発 【ばくはつ】explosion, detonation, eruption
肌 【はだ】① skin ② body (in the context of intimate bodily contact) ③ surface, grain (e.g. of wood), texture ④ disposition, temperament, character, type
発達 【はったつ】development, growth
髪の毛 【かみのけ】hair (head)
抜く 【ぬく】① to extract, to omit, to surpass, to overtake, to draw out, to unplug ② to do something to the end
抜ける 【ぬける】① to come out, to fall out, to be omitted, to be missing, to escape ② to exit (a program loop)
判断 【はんだん】judgement, judgment, decision, adjudication, conclusion, decipherment, divination
犯罪 【はんざい】crime
販売 【はんばい】sales, selling, marketing
否定 【ひてい】① negation, denial, repudiation ② NOT operation
悲劇 【ひげき】tragedy, disaster
疲れ 【つかれ】tiredness, fatigue
皮膚 【ひふ】skin
被る 【かぶる】① to wear (on head, usu. one's own), to put on (over head, usu. one's own), to crown (oneself) ② to pour or dash water, dust, etc. (on oneself) ③ to bear (e.g. someone's debts, faults, etc.) ④ to overlap
被害 【ひがい】damage
非 【ひ】① fault, error, mistake ② going poorly, being disadvantageous, being unfavorable ③ un-, non-
非常 【ひじょう】emergency, extraordinary, unusual
必ずしも 【かならずしも】(not) always, (not) necessarily, (not) all, (not) entirely
表現 【ひょうげん】① expression, presentation ② representation, notation
貧しい 【まずしい】poor, needy
瓶 【びん】bottle
不思議 【ふしぎ】wonder, miracle, strange, mystery, marvel, curiosity
不利 【ふり】disadvantage, handicap, unfavorable, unfavourable, drawback
付き合い 【つきあい】association, socializing, socialising, fellowship
付ける 【つける】① to attach, to join, to add, to append, to affix, to stick, to glue, to fasten, to sew on, to apply (ointment) ② to furnish (a house with) ③ to wear, to put on ④ to keep a diary, to make an entry ⑤ to appraise, to set (a price) ⑥ to bring alongside ⑦ to place (under guard or doctor) ⑧ to follow, to shadow ⑨ to load, to give (courage to) ⑩ to keep (an eye on) ⑪ to establish (relations or understanding) ⑫ to turn on (light)
夫妻 【ふさい】man and wife, married couple
夫人 【ふじん】wife, Mrs, madam
婦人 【ふじん】woman, lady, adult female
布 【ぬの】① cloth ② bujian (spade-shaped bronze coin of ancient China)
普段 【ふだん】usual, habitual, ordinary, everyday, always
浮かべる 【うかべる】① to float ② to express, to look (sad, glad) ③ to think, to imagine, to remember
舞台 【ぶたい】① stage (theatre, theater) ② scene or setting (e.g. of novel, play, etc.)
風景 【ふうけい】scenery
幅 【はば】width, breadth
服装 【ふくそう】garments, attire
腹 【はら】① abdomen, belly, stomach ② one's mind, one's real intentions, one's true motive ③ loop (physics) ④ counter for hard roe
閉じる 【とじる】to close (e.g. book, eyes, meeting, etc.), to shut
変化 【へんか】① change, variation, alteration, mutation, transition, transformation, transfiguration, metamorphosis ② variety, diversity ③ inflection, declension, conjugation ④ sidestepping (sumo)
変更 【へんこう】change, modification, alteration, revision, amendment
編む 【あむ】① to knit, to plait, to braid ② to compile (anthology, dictionary, etc.), to edit
便 【びん】① flight (e.g. airline flight), trip (e.g. train trip), service ② mail, post, letter ③ opportunity, chance
便り 【たより】① news, tidings, information, correspondence, letter ② news from ...
捕まる 【つかまる】① to be caught, to be arrested ② to hold on to, to grasp ③ to find (e.g. proof), to get (e.g. a taxi) ④ to be detained by
暮らし 【くらし】living, livelihood, subsistence, circumstances
暮らす 【くらす】① to live, to get along ② to spend (time)
報告 【ほうこく】report, information
宝 【たから】treasure
宝石 【ほうせき】gem, jewel
抱える 【かかえる】① to hold or carry under or in the arms ② to have (esp. problems, debts, etc.) ③ to employ, to engage, to hire
方針 【ほうしん】objective, plan, policy
方法 【ほうほう】method, process, manner, way, means, technique
法 【ほう】① law, act, principle ② method ③ mood ④ dharma
法則 【ほうそく】law, rule
訪問 【ほうもん】call, visit
豊か 【ゆたか】abundant, wealthy, plentiful, rich, affluent
豊富 【ほうふ】abundance, wealth, plenty, bounty
棒 【ぼう】pole, rod, stick
埋める 【うめる】① to bury (e.g. in the ground) ② to fill up (e.g. audience fills a hall), to fill (a seat, a vacant position) ③ to plug gaps, to stop a gap ④ to make amends, to cover up for something ⑤ to put cold water in a bath ⑥ to cover, to scatter something over
未来 【みらい】① the future (usually distant) ② future tense ③ the world to come
夢中 【むちゅう】daze, (in a) trance, ecstasy, delirium, engrossment, within a (deep) dream
命令 【めいれい】① order, command, decree, directive ② (software) instruction, statement
綿 【めん】cotton
面接 【めんせつ】interview
面倒 【めんどう】trouble, difficulty, care, attention
毛布 【もうふ】blanket
戻す 【もどす】to restore, to put back, to return, to give back
役割 【やくわり】part, assigning (allotment of) parts, role, duties
約 【やく】① approximately, about ② promise ③ shortening, reduction, simplification ④ contraction (in phonetics)
輸入 【ゆにゅう】importation, import, introduction
優れる 【すぐれる】to surpass, to outstrip, to excel
優勝 【ゆうしょう】overall victory, championship
勇気 【ゆうき】courage, bravery, valour, valor, nerve, boldness
有効 【ゆうこう】validity, legality, availability, effectiveness
郵送 【ゆうそう】mailing
予測 【よそく】prediction, estimation
余る 【あまる】to remain, to be left over, to be in excess, to be too many
余計 【よけい】too much, unnecessary, extraneous, abundance, surplus, excess, superfluity
余分 【よぶん】extra, excess, surplus
与える 【あたえる】① to give (esp. to someone of lower status), to bestow, to grant, to confer, to present, to award ② to provide, to afford, to offer, to supply ③ to assign ④ to cause ⑤ to pass (a variable to a function)
預かる 【あずかる】① to look after, to take care of, to keep, to hold on to, to keep in custody ② to take charge of, to be entrusted with, to receive on deposit ③ to reserve (judgment), to leave undecided
預ける 【あずける】① to give into custody, to leave (a child) in the care of, to entrust, to deposit ② to lean on, to put one's weight on
幼い 【おさない】① very young ② childish, immature
幼児 【ようじ】infant, baby, child
容易 【ようい】easy, simple, plain
溶ける 【とける】to melt, to thaw, to fuse, to dissolve
要するに 【ようするに】in a word, after all, the point is ..., in short ...
要求 【ようきゅう】demand, firm request, requisition, requirement, desire
要点 【ようてん】gist, main point
要領 【ようりょう】① point, gist, essentials, tenets, outline ② knack, trick, the ropes
理解 【りかい】understanding, comprehension, appreciation, sympathy
裏切る 【うらぎる】to betray, to turn traitor to, to double-cross
陸 【りく】land, shore
両替 【りょうがえ】change, money exchange
輪 【わ】① ring, circle, loop ② hoop ③ wheel
涙 【なみだ】① tear, tears, lachrymal secretion ② sympathy
冷静 【れいせい】calm, composure, coolness, serenity
恋 【こい】love, tender passion
恋人 【こいびと】lover, sweetheart
連想 【れんそう】association (of ideas), suggestion
連続 【れんぞく】serial, consecutive, continuity, occurring in succession, continuing
老人 【ろうじん】the aged, old person
論じる 【ろんじる】to argue, to discuss, to debate
論争 【ろんそう】controversy, dispute
論文 【ろんぶん】thesis, essay, treatise, paper, article
永久 【えいきゅう】① eternity, perpetuity, immortality ② Eikyuu era (1113.7.13-1118.4.3)
居る 【おる】① to be (animate), to be, to exist ② (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing) ③ (after -masu base of verb) indicates contempt or disdain for another's actions
最中 【さいちゅう】in the middle of, height of, in course of, midst
鈍い 【にぶい】dull (e.g. a knife), thickheaded, obtuse, slow, stupid
燃やす 【もやす】to burn
夫婦 【ふうふ】married couple, spouses, husband and wife, couple, pair
平均 【へいきん】① average, mean ② balance, equilibrium
抱く 【いだく】① to embrace, to hold in the arms (e.g. a baby), to hug ② to harbour (e.g. grudge) (harbor), to bear (e.g. a grudge), to entertain (e.g. suspicion) ③ to sleep with ④ to sit on eggs
痛み 【いたみ】pain, ache, sore, grief, distress
位置 【いち】place, situation, position, location
得る 【える】① to get, to acquire, to obtain, to procure, to earn, to win, to gain, to secure, to attain ② (after the -masu stem of a verb) to be able to ..., can ...
収める 【おさめる】① to dedicate, to make an offering, to pay (fees) ② to supply ③ to store ④ to finish, to bring to a close ⑤ to restore (something to its place) ⑥ to achieve (e.g. a result)
恐れる 【おそれる】to fear, to be afraid of
降ろす 【おろす】① to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge ② to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off ③ to withdraw money from an account ④ to wear (clothing) for the first time ⑤ to fillet (e.g. a fish)
替える 【かえる】① to replace ② to exchange, to interchange ③ to substitute
香り 【かおり】aroma, fragrance, scent, smell
乾杯 【かんぱい】① toast, drink (in celebration or in honor of something) ② drinking one's glass dry ③ cheers
効く 【きく】① to be effective, to show effect ② to do its work, to carry out its function well ③ to be possible to use
気付く 【きづく】to notice, to recognize, to recognise, to become aware of, to perceive, to realize, to realise
寄付 【きふ】contribution, donation
越える 【こえる】① to cross over, to cross, to pass through, to pass over (out of) ② to exceed
凍る 【こおる】to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal
捜す 【さがす】to search (for something lost), to seek (a suspect in a crime)
戦い 【たたかい】battle, fight, struggle, conflict
戦う 【たたかう】to fight, to battle, to combat, to struggle against, to wage war, to engage in contest
頼る 【たよる】to rely on, to have recourse to, to depend on
手続き 【てつづき】procedure, (legal) process, formalities
飛び込む 【とびこむ】to jump in, to leap in, to plunge into, to dive
年齢 【ねんれい】age, years
伸ばす 【のばす】① to grow long (beard, hair, etc.) ② to lengthen, to extend, to stretch ③ to reach out, to hold out ④ to straighten, to smooth out ⑤ to spread evenly (dough, cream, etc.) ⑥ to dilute, to thin out ⑦ to postpone ⑧ to prolong ⑨ to strengthen, to develop, to expand
必死 【ひっし】① frantic, desperate ② inevitable death ③ brinkmate (inevitable checkmate) (shogi)
雇う 【やとう】① to employ ② to hire, to charter
郵便 【ゆうびん】mail, postal service
有利 【ゆうり】advantageous, better, profitable, lucrative
喜び 【よろこび】joy, delight, rapture, pleasure, gratification, rejoicing, congratulations, felicitations
労働 【ろうどう】① manual labor, manual labour, toil, work ② Labour Party
泊 【はく】counter for nights of a stay
最 【さい】① the most, the extreme ② prime, conspicuous
論 【ろん】① argument, discussion, dispute, controversy, discourse, debate ② theory, doctrine ③ essay, treatise, comment
お互い 【おたがい】mutual, reciprocal, each other
税 【ぜい】tax
悪魔 【あくま】devil, demon, fiend, Satan, evil spirit
握る 【にぎる】to grasp, to seize, to mould sushi, to mold sushi
握手 【あくしゅ】handshake
扱う 【あつかう】to handle, to deal with, to treat
案 【あん】① idea, plan, thought ② draft plan, motion, rough copy ③ expectation
意志 【いし】will, volition, intention, intent, determination
慰める 【なぐさめる】to comfort, to console, to amuse
異なる 【ことなる】to differ, to vary, to disagree
異常 【いじょう】strangeness, abnormality, disorder
維持 【いじ】maintenance, preservation, improvement
井戸 【いど】water well
一瞬 【いっしゅん】moment, instant
一斉 【いっせい】simultaneous, all at once
一致 【いっち】① coincidence, agreement, union, match ② conformity, consistency ③ cooperation
稲 【いね】rice-plant
隠す 【かくす】to hide, to conceal
隠れる 【かくれる】to hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself, to disappear
宇宙 【うちゅう】universe, cosmos, space
運命 【うんめい】fate
影響 【えいきょう】influence, effect
栄養 【えいよう】nutrition, nourishment
援助 【えんじょ】assistance, aid, support
猿 【さる】① monkey (esp. the Japanese macaque, Macaca fuscata) ② sly person ③ sliding wooden bolt (for holding a door or window shut) ④ clasp used to control the height of a pot-hook
遠慮 【えんりょ】diffidence, restraint, reserve, discretion, tact, thoughtfulness
汚染 【おせん】pollution, contamination
応じる 【おうじる】to respond, to satisfy, to accept, to comply with, to apply for
応募 【おうぼ】subscription, application
殴る 【なぐる】to strike, to hit
沖 【おき】open sea
温暖 【おんだん】warmth
穏やか 【おだやか】calm, gentle, quiet
価格 【かかく】price, value, cost
価値 【かち】value, worth, merit
家賃 【やちん】rent
火災 【かさい】conflagration, fire
稼ぐ 【かせぐ】to earn income, to labor, to labour
蚊 【か】mosquito
我慢 【がまん】patience, endurance, perseverance, tolerance, self-control, self-denial
芽 【め】sprout
解釈 【かいしゃく】explanation, interpretation
怪我 【けが】injury (to animate object), hurt
悔やむ 【くやむ】① to mourn, to lament ② to be sorry, to regret, to repent
懐かしい 【なつかしい】dear, desired, missed
改善 【かいぜん】① betterment, improvement ② kaizen (Japanese business philosophy of continuous improvement)
街 【がい】.. street, .. quarter, .. district
拡大 【かくだい】magnification, enlargement, expansion
覚悟 【かくご】resolution, resignation, readiness, preparedness
株 【かぶ】share, stock, stump (of tree)
勘定 【かんじょう】calculation, counting, consideration, reckoning, settlement of an account, allowance
感謝 【かんしゃ】thanks, gratitude
歓迎 【かんげい】welcome, reception
環境 【かんきょう】environment, circumstance
監督 【かんとく】① supervision, control, superintendence, direction ② director, superintendent, supervisor, coach, foreman, manager, overseer, controller, boss
企業 【きぎょう】enterprise, undertaking, corporation, business
器用 【きよう】skillful, handy
基礎 【きそ】foundation, basis
基本 【きほん】foundation, basis, standard
奇妙 【きみょう】strange, queer, curious
既に 【すでに】already, too late
機嫌 【きげん】humour, humor, temper, mood
記憶 【きおく】① memory, recollection, remembrance ② storage
貴重 【きちょう】precious, valuable
輝く 【かがやく】to shine, to glitter, to sparkle
鬼 【おに】① ogre, demon ② spirit of a deceased person ③ ogre-like person (i.e. fierce, relentless, merciless, etc.) ④ it (i.e. in a game of tag) ⑤ Chinese "ghost" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
儀式 【ぎしき】ceremony, rite, ritual, service
義務 【ぎむ】duty, obligation, responsibility
休暇 【きゅうか】holiday, day off, furlough, absence (from work)
休憩 【きゅうけい】rest, break, recess, intermission
急激 【きゅうげき】sudden, precipitous, radical
救う 【すくう】to rescue from, to help out of, to save
救助 【きゅうじょ】relief, aid, rescue
教授 【きょうじゅ】① professor ② teaching, instruction
狂う 【くるう】① to go mad ② to get out of order, to go amiss
響く 【ひびく】① to resound, to be heard far away ② to reverberate, to shake, to vibrate ③ to come (home), to remain (with someone) ④ to have an affect, to make an impression
筋 【すじ】① muscle ② string, sinew, line, stripe ③ plot, plan ④ source (of business information) ⑤ reason, logic
筋肉 【きんにく】muscle, sinew
緊張 【きんちょう】tension, mental strain, nervousness
金銭 【きんせん】money, cash
金属 【きんぞく】metal
金融 【きんゆう】financing, credit transacting, loaning of money, circulation of money
繰り返す 【くりかえす】to repeat, to do something over again
軍隊 【ぐんたい】army, troops
刑事 【けいじ】① (police) detective ② criminal matter
契約 【けいやく】contract, compact, agreement
掲示 【けいじ】notice, bulletin, post, posting, placard
撃つ 【うつ】① to shoot (at) ② to attack, to defeat, to destroy, to avenge
傑作 【けっさく】① masterpiece, best work ② blunder, boner
欠陥 【けっかん】① defect, fault, deficiency, deformity ② shortage, gap
穴 【あな】① hole ② deficit, shortage, missing person (in a team, meeting, etc.) ③ vacancy, opening ④ flaw ⑤ profitable place (or item, etc.) not well known by others ⑥ upset victory (with a large payoff)
結ぶ 【むすぶ】① to tie, to bind, to link ② to bear (fruit)
結果 【けっか】① result, consequence, outcome, effect ② coming to fruition, bearing fruit
結局 【けっきょく】after all, eventually, in the end
結論 【けつろん】conclusion
件 【けん】matter, case, item
健康 【けんこう】health, sound, wholesome
兼ねる 【かねる】① to be unable to (usu. kana), to find difficult (unpleasant, awkward, painful) to do (usu. kana) ② to simultaneously serve two or more functions or roles, to contain (or combine) two or more features ③ to simultaneously work in two or more jobs (positions, etc.), to do alongside ④ to hesitate to do something (out of consideration for others) ⑤ to think of the future (as well as the present)
嫌う 【きらう】to hate, to dislike, to loathe
憲法 【けんぽう】constitution
懸命 【けんめい】eagerness, earnestness, risking one's life
検査 【けんさ】inspection (e.g. customs, factory), examination, scan (e.g. MRI, PET, etc.)
検討 【けんとう】consideration, examination, investigation, study, scrutiny, discussion
原稿 【げんこう】manuscript, copy
虎 【とら】① tiger (feline, Panthera tigris) ② trouble
誇り 【ほこり】pride, boast
慌てる 【あわてる】① to become confused (disconcerted, disorganized, disorganised), to be flustered, to panic ② to be in a hurry, to rush
攻撃 【こうげき】attack, strike, offensive, criticism, censure
考慮 【こうりょ】consideration, taking into account
行儀 【ぎょうぎ】manners, behavior, behaviour
貢献 【こうけん】contribution, services
高価 【こうか】high price
豪華 【ごうか】wonderful, gorgeous, splendor, splendour, pomp, extravagance
克服 【こくふく】subjugation, conquest, victory
穀物 【こくもつ】grain, cereal, corn
裁判 【さいばん】trial, judgement, judgment
酸素 【さんそ】oxygen
姿 【すがた】figure, shape, appearance
死 【し】death, decease
至る 【いたる】① to arrive at (e.g. a decision), to reach (a stage), to attain ② to lead to (a place), to get to
詩人 【しじん】poet
資源 【しげん】resources
飼う 【かう】to keep, to raise, to feed
事業 【じぎょう】project, enterprise, business, industry, operations
次第 【しだい】① dependent upon ② as soon as, immediately (upon) ③ circumstances ④ order, precedence, program, programme, agenda
自慢 【じまん】pride, boast
実施 【じっし】enforcement, implementation, putting into practice (practise), carrying out, operation, working (e.g. working parameters), enactment
芝居 【しばい】play, drama
芝生 【しばふ】lawn
主義 【しゅぎ】doctrine, rule, principle
主張 【しゅちょう】claim, request, insistence, assertion, advocacy, emphasis, contention, opinion, tenet
種 【しゅ】① kind, variety ② (biological) species ③ (logical) species
需要 【じゅよう】demand, request
収穫 【しゅうかく】harvest, crop, ingathering
宗教 【しゅうきょう】religion
就く 【つく】① to ascend (the throne), to accede ② to take (seat, position, course, etc.), to assume ③ to start (on a journey), to commence, to depart ④ to study (under teacher), to be an apprentice
就職 【しゅうしょく】finding employment, inauguration
修正 【しゅうせい】amendment, correction, revision, modification, alteration, retouching, update, fix
修理 【しゅうり】repairing, mending, servicing
臭い 【くさい】① stinking, smelly ② suspicious, fishy ③ clumsy
従う 【したがう】to abide (by the rules), to obey, to follow, to accompany
従って 【したがって】therefore, consequently, in accordance with
渋滞 【じゅうたい】congestion (e.g. traffic), delay, stagnation
重視 【じゅうし】importance, stress, serious consideration
銃 【じゅう】gun, rifle, small arms
出張 【しゅっちょう】official tour, business trip
瞬間 【しゅんかん】moment, second, instant
書斎 【しょさい】a study, library
助け 【たすけ】assistance
女房 【にょうぼう】① wife ② court lady, female court attache, woman who served at the imperial palace
症状 【しょうじょう】symptoms, condition
衝突 【しょうとつ】collision, conflict
証明 【しょうめい】proof, verification
詳しい 【くわしい】knowing very well, detailed, full, accurate
障害 【しょうがい】① obstacle, impediment, hindrance, difficulty, barrier ② handicap, impairment, disability, disorder, malfunction
挙げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to show someone (into a room) ③ to send someone (away) ④ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑤ to praise ⑥ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑦ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑧ to arrest ⑨ to nominate ⑩ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding)
揚げる 【あげる】① to deep-fry ② to raise, to elevate ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑥ to earn (something desirable) ⑦ (of the tide) to come in
上司 【じょうし】superior authorities, boss
冗談 【じょうだん】jest, joke
条件 【じょうけん】condition, conditions, term, terms, requirement, requirements
状態 【じょうたい】current status, condition, situation, circumstances, state
譲る 【ゆずる】to turn over, to assign, to hand over, to transmit, to convey, to sell, to dispose of, to yield, to surrender
食器 【しょっき】tableware
食卓 【しょくたく】dining table
食糧 【しょくりょう】provisions, rations, food supply
信仰 【しんこう】(religious) faith, belief, creed
侵入 【しんにゅう】penetration, invasion, raid, aggression, trespass
唇 【くちびる】lips
審判 【しんぱん】refereeing, trial, judgement, judgment, umpire, referee
慎重 【しんちょう】discretion, prudence, caution, care
振り向く 【ふりむく】to turn one's face, to turn around, to look over one's shoulder
振る 【ふる】① to wave, to shake, to swing ② to sprinkle, to throw (dice) ③ to cast (actor), to allocate (work) ④ to turn down (somebody), to reject, to jilt, to dump ⑤ to abandon, to give up, to ruin ⑥ to add kana indicating a reading of a word ⑦ to slightly change headings, to change directions ⑧ to extract by broiling, to prepare an infusion of, to decoct ⑨ to carry with great vigor (e.g. a portable shrine) ⑩ to bring up the main topic ⑪ to replace, to substitute ⑫ to set up a joke for somebody else
新鮮 【しんせん】fresh
申し訳 【もうしわけ】apology, excuse
真剣 【しんけん】① seriousness, earnestness ② real sword (as opposed to unsharpened or wooden practice weapon) (practise)
真実 【しんじつ】truth, reality
診る 【みる】to examine (medically)
診察 【しんさつ】medical examination
推薦 【すいせん】recommendation
睡眠 【すいみん】sleep
酔う 【よう】to get drunk, to become intoxicated
世紀 【せいき】century, era
成功 【せいこう】success, hit
整理 【せいり】sorting, arrangement, organization, putting in order, adjustment, regulation, liquidation
清潔 【せいけつ】① clean, hygenic, sanitary ② pure, virtuous, immaculate
製造 【せいぞう】manufacture, production
製品 【せいひん】manufactured goods, finished goods, product
誓う 【ちかう】to swear, to vow, to take an oath, to pledge
請求 【せいきゅう】claim, demand, charge, application, request, billing (for a service)
節約 【せつやく】economising, saving
説得 【せっとく】persuasion
絶滅 【ぜつめつ】destruction, extinction
舌 【した】① tongue ② tongue-like object, clapper (of a bell), talon (of a lock)
専攻 【せんこう】major subject, special study
選択 【せんたく】selection, choice, option
善 【ぜん】good, goodness, right, virtue
素敵 【すてき】lovely, dreamy, beautiful, great, fantastic, superb, cool, capital
組織 【そしき】① organization, organisation ② structure, construction ③ tissue ④ system
訴える 【うったえる】① to sue (a person), to take someone to court ② to resort to (e.g. arms, violence) ③ to appeal to, to call for ④ to raise, to bring to (someone's attention) ⑤ to complain
喪失 【そうしつ】loss, forfeit
操作 【そうさ】① operation, management, processing ② manipulating to one's benefit ③ to operate ④ to manipulate, to fiddle (e.g. the books)
巣 【す】① nest, rookery, breeding place, hive ② den ③ haunt ④ (spider's) web
相撲 【すもう】① sumo wrestling ② sumo wrestler, rikishi
騒ぎ 【さわぎ】uproar, disturbance
騒音 【そうおん】noise
属する 【ぞくする】① to entrust ② to send (a message, etc.)
怠る 【おこたる】to be negligent in doing something, to shirk, to be off one's guard
態度 【たいど】attitude, manner, behaviour
滞在 【たいざい】stay, sojourn
逮捕 【たいほ】arrest, apprehension, capture
大抵 【たいてい】① mostly, ordinarily, usually, generally ② probably ③ most, almost all ④ (before a neg. form) ordinary ⑤ proper, appropriate, moderate
大統領 【だいとうりょう】president, chief executive
第 【だい】ordinal
奪う 【うばう】to snatch away, to dispossess, to steal
誕生 【たんじょう】birth, creation, formation
知恵 【ちえ】① wisdom, wit, sagacity, sense, intelligence ② prajna (insight leading to enlightenment)
張る 【はる】① to stick, to paste, to affix ② to stretch, to spread, to strain, to tighten ③ to form (e.g. ice on a pond) ④ to fill, to swell ⑤ to stick out, to put, to slap ⑥ to be expensive
眺める 【ながめる】to view, to gaze at
通訳 【つうやく】interpretation (i.e. oral translation)
釣り 【つり】① fishing, angling ② change (e.g. for a purchase)
抵抗 【ていこう】electrical resistance, resistance, opposition
提案 【ていあん】proposal, proposition, suggestion
提出 【ていしゅつ】① to present, to submit (e.g. a report or a thesis), to hand in, to file, to turn in ② presentation, submission, filing
笛 【ふえ】flute, pipe, whistle
哲学 【てつがく】philosophy
徹底 【てってい】thoroughness, completeness, consistency
徹夜 【てつや】all night, all-night vigil, sleepless night
伝統 【でんとう】tradition, convention
投票 【とうひょう】voting, poll
当然 【とうぜん】natural, as a matter of course
答案 【とうあん】examination paper, examination script
統計 【とうけい】statistics
豆 【まめ】① legume (esp. edible legumes or their seeds, such as beans, peas, pulses, etc.), beans, peas ② soya bean (soybean), soy (Glycine max) ③ miniature, tiny ④ child
同意 【どうい】① agreement, consent, same opinion, approval ② same meaning
同僚 【どうりょう】coworker, colleague, associate
憧れる 【あこがれる】to long for, to yearn after, to admire, to be attracted by
道徳 【どうとく】morals
特徴 【とくちょう】feature, trait, characteristic, pecularity
独身 【どくしん】bachelorhood, single, unmarried, celibate
独特 【どくとく】peculiarity, uniqueness, characteristic
独立 【どくりつ】independence (e.g. Independence Day), self-support
虹 【にじ】rainbow
納得 【なっとく】consent, assent, understanding, agreement, comprehension, grasp
俳優 【はいゆう】actor, actress, player, performer
梅 【うめ】① plum, Japanese apricot, prunus mume ② lowest (of a three-tier ranking system)
博士 【はかせ】① doctorate, PhD, Dr (as a title) ② expert, learned person
博物館 【はくぶつかん】museum
拍手 【はくしゅ】clapping hands, applause
迫る 【せまる】to draw near, to press (someone for something)
縛る 【しばる】to tie, to bind
発揮 【はっき】exhibition, demonstration, show, display, manifestation
発展 【はってん】① development, growth, advancement, unfurling ② expansion, extension, enlargement ③ playing around, having an active sex life
反抗 【はんこう】opposition, resistance, insubordination, defiance, hostility, rebellion
範囲 【はんい】extent, scope, sphere, range, span
批判 【ひはん】criticism, judgement, judgment, comment
批評 【ひひょう】criticism, review, commentary
比較 【ひかく】comparison
比較的 【ひかくてき】comparative, relative
秘密 【ひみつ】secret, secrecy
微笑む 【ほほえむ】to smile
微妙 【びみょう】① delicate, subtle, sensitive ② difficult, delicate (situation), complicated ③ doubtful, questionable, dicey
評価 【ひょうか】① valuation, estimation, assessment, evaluation ② to value, to assess, to estimate value ③ to appreciate, to value highly, to acknowledge the value (of something)
評判 【ひょうばん】① fame, reputation, popularity ② rumour (rumor), talk
敷く 【しく】① to spread out, to lay out ② to take a position ③ to impose widely (e.g. over a city)
腐る 【くさる】to rot, to go bad, to corrode
武器 【ぶき】weapon, arms, ordnance
物価 【ぶっか】prices of commodities, prices (in general), cost-of-living
分析 【ぶんせき】analysis
雰囲気 【ふんいき】atmosphere (e.g. musical), mood, ambience, ambiance
文句 【もんく】① phrase ② complaint
塀 【へい】wall, fence
保存 【ほぞん】preservation, conservation, storage, saving (e.g., to disk), maintenance
崩す 【くずす】to destroy, to pull down, to make change (money)
妨げる 【さまたげる】to disturb, to prevent, to obstruct, to hinder
冒険 【ぼうけん】risk, venture, adventure
幕 【まく】① curtain, bunting ② act (in play)
魅力 【みりょく】charm, fascination, glamour, glamor, attraction, appeal
無視 【むし】disregard, ignore
無駄 【むだ】futility, uselessness, pointlessness
矛盾 【むじゅん】contradiction, inconsistency
霧 【きり】fog, mist
迷惑 【めいわく】trouble, bother, annoyance
免許 【めんきょ】license, permit, licence, certificate
模様 【もよう】pattern, figure, design
黙る 【だまる】to be silent
目標 【もくひょう】mark, objective, target
厄介 【やっかい】trouble, burden, care, bother, worry, dependence, support, kindness, obligation
訳す 【やくす】to translate, to interpret
唯一 【ゆいいつ】only, sole, unique
優秀 【ゆうしゅう】superiority, excellence
誘う 【さそう】① to invite, to ask, to call (for) ② to tempt, to lure, to induce
余裕 【よゆう】surplus, composure, margin, room, time, allowance, flexibility, scope, rope
要素 【ようそ】① component, factor, item (e.g. in list) ② element (e.g. in array), member (e.g. data structure)
翼 【つばさ】① wing ② Chinese "Wings" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
裸 【はだか】naked, nude, bare
嵐 【あらし】storm, tempest
利益 【りえき】① profit, gains ② benefit, advantage, interest (of the public, etc.) ③ grace (of God, Buddha, etc.) (esp. as attained through rightful actions, prayer, adherence to one's faith, etc.), blessing, miracle
理論 【りろん】theory
離す 【はなす】to part, to divide, to separate, to release
離れる 【はなれる】to be separated from, to leave, to go away, to be a long way off
離婚 【りこん】divorce
率 【りつ】rate, ratio, proportion, percentage
礼儀 【れいぎ】manners, courtesy, etiquette
劣る 【おとる】to fall behind, to be inferior to
化粧 【けしょう】make-up, cosmetics
助言 【じょげん】advice, suggestion
傷 【きず】① wound, injury, cut, gash, bruise, scratch, scrape, scar ② chip, crack, scratch, nick ③ flaw, defect, weakness, weak point ④ stain (on one's reputation), disgrace, dishonor, dishonour ⑤ (emotional) hurt, hurt feelings
敵 【てき】① opponent, rival, adversary ② menace, danger, threat, enemy
梅雨 【つゆ】① rainy season ② rain during the rainy season
避ける 【さける】① to avoid (physical contact with) ② to avoid (situation) ③ to ward off, to avert
描く 【えがく】to draw, to paint, to sketch, to depict, to describe
雷 【かみなり】thunder
飽きる 【あきる】to get tired of, to lose interest in, to have enough
怪しい 【あやしい】① suspicious, dubious, doubtful, dodgy ② charming, bewitching
あらゆるall, every
覆う 【おおう】to cover, to hide, to conceal, to wrap, to disguise
丘 【おか】hill, height, knoll, rising ground
影 【かげ】① shadow, silhouette ② reflection, image ③ presence, sign ④ light (stars, moon)
陰 【かげ】① shade, shadow ② other side, back, background
桜 【さくら】① cherry tree, cherry blossom ② decoy, fake buyer, shill ③ hired applauder
砂漠 【さばく】desert
刺激 【しげき】stimulus, impetus, incentive, encouragement, motivation, provocation
絞る 【しぼる】to press, to wring, to squeeze, to narrow (down), to whittle (down), to tighten
事態 【じたい】situation, (present) state of affairs, circumstances
勧める 【すすめる】to recommend, to advise, to encourage, to offer (wine)
退屈 【たいくつ】tedium, boredom
蓄える 【たくわえる】① to store, to lay in stock ② to have a beard, to grow a beard
激しい 【はげしい】violent, vehement, intense, furious, tempestuous
馬鹿 【ばか】① fool, idiot, trivial matter, folly, absurdity ② foolish, stupid, dull, absurd, ridiculous
引っ張る 【ひっぱる】① to pull, to draw, to stretch, to drag ② to pull the ball (baseball)
故郷 【こきょう】home town, birthplace, old village, historic village, native place, one's old home
保証 【ほしょう】guarantee, security, assurance, pledge, warranty
褒める 【ほめる】to praise, to admire, to speak well
基づく 【もとづく】to be grounded on, to be based on, to be due to, to originate from
履く 【はく】① to put on (or wear) lower-body clothing (i.e. pants, skirt, etc.), to put on (or wear) footwear ② to affix a sword to one's hip ③ to affix a bowstring to a bow
演奏 【えんそう】musical performance
途端 【とたん】just (now, at the moment, etc.)
眺め 【ながめ】scene, view, prospect, outlook
恵まれる 【めぐまれる】to be blessed with, to be rich in, to abound in
級 【きゅう】class, grade, rank, school class, grade
詩 【し】poem, verse of poetry
氏 【し】① Mr ② clan ③ he, him ④ counter for people
おしゃべりchattering, talk, idle talk, chat, chitchat, gossip, chatty, talkative, chatterbox, blabbermouth
くっつくto adhere to, to keep close to
しきりに① frequently, repeatedly, often, incessantly, constantly ② strongly, eagerly
それともor, or else
ぶつかるto strike, to collide with, to bump into
やがてbefore long, soon, at length
溢れる 【あふれる】to overflow, to brim over, to flood
噂 【うわさ】rumour, rumor, report, hearsay, gossip, common talk
餌 【えさ】feed, bait
いつかsometime, someday, one day, some time or other, the other day, in due course, in time
蓋 【ふた】cover, lid, cap
まるでquite, entirely, completely, at all, as if, as though, so to speak, just like
ごく① quite, very ② quindecillion (US), octillion (Europe), 10^48
僅か 【わずか】only, merely, (a) little, small quantity
近頃 【ちかごろ】lately, recently, nowadays
つながるto be tied together, to be connected to, to be related to
つなぐto tie, to fasten, to connect, to transfer (phone call)
ことわざproverb, maxim
おめでとうcongratulations!, an auspicious occasion!
ご覧 【ごらん】① (after the -te form of a verb) (please) try to ② (please) look ③ seeing, looking, watching
たちまちat once, in a moment, suddenly, all at once
撒く 【まく】to scatter, to sprinkle, to sow (seeds)
しかるto scold
蹴る 【ける】① to kick ② to refuse, to reject
いとこmale cousin
いわゆるwhat is called, as it is called, the so-called, so to speak
拭く 【ふく】to wipe, to dry
尻 【しり】① buttocks, behind, rump, bottom ② undersurface, bottom ③ last place, end ④ consequence
尻尾 【しっぽ】tail (animal)
まさかby no means, never!, well, I never!, you don't say!
親戚 【しんせき】relative
ついに① finally, at last ② (with neg) in the end
まさに① exactly, surely, certainly ② just (about to), on the verge (of doing or happening) ③ duly, naturally
あいにくunfortunately, Sorry, but ...
羨ましい 【うらやましい】① envious (feeling, etc.), jealous ② enviable (position, etc.)
ようやく① finally, at last ② barely, narrowly, hardly, only just ③ gradually, little by little, by degrees
かく① to scratch ② to perspire ③ to shovel, to paddle
袖 【そで】sleeve
それでもbut (still), and yet, nevertheless, even so, notwithstanding
そこでso, accordingly, now, then, thereupon, therefore
揃える 【そろえる】to put things in order, to arrange, to make uniform, to get something ready
わざとon purpose
おとなしいobedient, docile, quiet
叩く 【たたく】① to strike, to clap, to dust, to beat ② to play drums ③ to abuse, to flame (e.g. on the Internet), to insult ④ to use up money
しゃべるto talk, to chat, to chatter
じかにdirectly, in person, headlong
掴む 【つかむ】to seize, to catch, to grasp, to grip, to grab, to hold, to catch hold of, to lay one's hands on
潰す 【つぶす】① to smash, to crush ② to shut down ③ to thwart, to block ④ to kill (time) ⑤ to waste (e.g. talents)
諦める 【あきらめる】to give up, to abandon
釘 【くぎ】nail (i.e. small metal spike)
溺れる 【おぼれる】① to nearly drown, to sink below the surface (of water) ② to indulge in, to lose one's head over something
うさぎrabbit, hare, cony
とにかくanyhow, at any rate, anyway, somehow or other, generally speaking, in any case
ともかくanyhow, anyway, somehow or other, generally speaking, in any case, be that as it may
謎 【なぞ】① riddle, puzzle, enigma, mystery ② enigmatic, mysterious
鍋 【なべ】saucepan, pot
どうしてもby all means, at any cost, no matter what, after all, in the long run, cravingly, at any rate, surely
覗く 【のぞく】① to peek (though a keyhole, gap, etc.) ② to look down into (a ravine, etc.) ③ to peek into (a shop, bookstore, etc.) ④ to sneak a look at, to take a quick look at ⑤ to peep (through a telescope, microscope, etc.) ⑥ to stick out (a scarf from a collar, etc.), to peek through (sky though a forest canopy, etc.)
莫大 【ばくだい】enormous, vast
膝 【ひざ】knee, lap
紐 【ひも】① string, cord ② man who is financially dependent on a woman (such as a gigolo or, in the case of a prostitute, a pimp), pimp
ふとsuddenly, casually, accidentally, incidentally, unexpectedly, unintentionally
物凄い 【ものすごい】earth-shattering, staggering, to a very great extent, terrible, frightful, horrible
しかもmoreover, furthermore, nevertheless, and yet
およそabout, roughly, as a rule, approximately
枕 【まくら】① pillow, bolster ② introduction (e.g. to a rakugo story), lead-in
みょう① strange, unusual ② (something) superb, (something) excellent
儲ける 【もうける】to get, to earn, to gain, to have (bear, beget) a child
ただ① ordinary, common, usual ② free of charge ③ unaffected, as is, safe ④ only, merely, just, simply ⑤ but, however, nevertheless
ほぼalmost, roughly, approximately
溜まる 【たまる】to collect, to gather, to save, to accumulate, to pile up
脇 【わき】① side, aside ② armpit ③ back-burner
嗅ぐ 【かぐ】to sniff, to smell
埃 【ほこり】dust
曖昧 【あいまい】① vague, ambiguous, unclear ② fuzzy
茹でる 【ゆでる】to boil
贅沢 【ぜいたく】① luxury, extravagance ② to live in luxury
ためらうto hesitate
騙す 【だます】to trick, to cheat, to deceive
剃る 【そる】to shave
いやno, nay, well
頬 【ほお】cheek (of face)
あるa certain ..., some ...
籠 【かご】basket, cage
せっかくwith trouble, at great pains, long-awaited
たびたびoften, repeatedly, frequently
匂い 【におい】① odour, odor, scent, smell, stench ② aura, whiff, smacks of ..., sense, flavour, flavor
吠える 【ほえる】to bark, to bay, to howl, to bellow, to roar, to cry
まれrare, seldom
かかるto suffer from
せいcause, reason, fault
つまりin short, in brief, in other words, that is to say, in the long run, after all, blockade, stuffing, ultimate
ふもとthe foot, the bottom, the base (of a mountain)
あちこち① here and there ② to get things in the wrong order (back to front), to become muddled up
あれこれone thing or another, this and that, this or that
おじさん① uncle ② old man, mister (vocative)
あらoh, ah
うろうろloiteringly, aimless wandering
うんざりtedious, boring, being fed up with
おやoh!, oh?, my!
すっきり① clearly, refreshed ② shapely, neatly, refinedly ③ cleanly, without trouble ④ clearly, plainly, distinctly ⑤ completely, thoroughly ⑥ not at all (with negative sentence), not even slightly
せめてat least, at most
下り 【くだり】① down-train (going away from Tokyo) ② down-slope, downward going
下車 【げしゃ】alighting (from train, bus, etc.), getting off
何しろ 【なにしろ】at any rate, anyhow, anyway, in any case
学年 【がくねん】year in school, grade in school
月日 【つきひ】time, years, days
見学 【けんがく】inspection, study by observation, field trip
見出し 【みだし】heading, caption, subtitle, index
見本 【みほん】sample
高める 【たかめる】to raise, to lift, to boost, to enhance
出入り 【でいり】in and out, coming and going, free association, income and expenditure, debits and credit
出来上がる 【できあがる】① to be completed, to be finished, to be ready (e.g. to serve or eat) ② to be very drunk
小学生 【しょうがくせい】elementary school student, primary school student, grade school student
上り 【のぼり】① ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb ② up-train (e.g. going to Tokyo) ③ northward (towards Tokyo)
上る 【のぼる】① to ascend, to go up, to climb ② to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise ③ to go to (the capital) ④ to be promoted ⑤ to add up to ⑥ to advance (in price) ⑦ to swim up (a river), to sail up ⑧ to come up (on the agenda)
上下 【じょうげ】high and low, up and down, unloading and loading, praising and blaming
水分 【すいぶん】moisture
生ずる 【しょうずる】to cause, to arise, to be generated
生年月日 【せいねんがっぴ】birth date
前 【ぜん】① the last (i.e. immediately preceding) (e.g. "the last mayor"), previous, one-time, former ② (before the name of an era) pre- (e.g. "premodern") ③ before, earlier
前後 【ぜんご】around, throughout, front and back, before and behind, before and after, about that (time), longitudinal, context, nearly, approximately
大気 【たいき】atmosphere
大小 【だいしょう】① sizes (various), large and small ② daisho (matched pair of long and short swords) ③ large and small drums ④ long months and short months
大木 【たいぼく】large tree
中間 【ちゅうかん】middle, midway, interim
中年 【ちゅうねん】middle-age, middle age, midlife, one's middle years
長女 【ちょうじょ】eldest daughter
長男 【ちょうなん】eldest son
東西 【とうざい】① East and West ② whole country ③ Orient and Occident, Western and Eastern ④ Your attention, please!
南北 【なんぼく】south and north
日の出 【ひので】sunrise
日時 【にちじ】date and time
入社 【にゅうしゃ】entry to a company
分 【ぶん】① part, segment, share, ration ② rate ③ degree, one's lot, one's status, relation, duty, kind, lot ④ in proportion to, just as much as
毎 【まい】every (usu. with events, e.g. every weekend), each
来日 【らいにち】arrival in Japan, coming to Japan, visit to Japan
下ろす 【おろす】① to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge ② to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off ③ to withdraw money from an account ④ to wear (clothing) for the first time ⑤ to fillet (e.g. a fish)
何となく 【なんとなく】somehow or other, for some reason or another
がる① to feel (on adj-stem to represent a third party's apparent emotion) ② to behave as if one were
うんと① a great deal, very much, a lot ② with a great amount of effort
それなのにand yet, despite this, but even so, but even then, however, nevertheless, for all that, notwithstanding that
小 【しょう】① smallness, small item ② short month (i.e. having fewer than 31 days) ③ elementary school ④ younger or inferior (of two items or people with the same name)
しばしばblinking repeatedly
以後 【いご】① after this, from now on, hereafter ② thereafter, since (verb) (after -te form of verb), after (time), since (then)
意地悪 【いじわる】malicious, ill-tempered, unkind
引き分け 【ひきわけ】draw (in competition), tie game
映る 【うつる】to be reflected, to harmonize with (harmonise), to come out (photo), to be projected
英文 【えいぶん】① sentence in English, article in English, English text ② English literature (study of)
屋外 【おくがい】outdoors, alfresco
下町 【したまち】Shitamachi, lower parts of town
下品 【げひん】vulgarity, meanness, indecency, coarseness
家屋 【かおく】house, building
海洋 【かいよう】ocean
開会 【かいかい】opening of a meeting
学会 【がっかい】scientific society, academic meeting, academic conference
学力 【がくりょく】scholarship, knowledge, literary ability
帰す 【かえす】to send (someone) back, to send (someone) home
休業 【きゅうぎょう】closed (e.g. store), business suspended, shutdown, holiday
強引 【ごういん】overbearing, coercive, pushy, forcible, high-handed
強気 【つよき】firm, strong
近代 【きんだい】present day, modern times
金魚 【きんぎょ】goldfish
空中 【くうちゅう】sky, air
言い出す 【いいだす】to start talking, to speak, to tell, to propose, to suggest, to break the ice
工事 【こうじ】construction work, construction, work (related to construction, e.g. painting, concrete-pouring, etc.)
広める 【ひろめる】to broaden, to propagate
行事 【ぎょうじ】event, function
行方 【ゆくえ】① (one's) whereabouts ② course, direction
国立 【こくりつ】national
作者 【さくしゃ】author, authoress
仕上がる 【しあがる】to be finished, to be completed, to be done
使い 【つかい】errand, message, messenger, bearer, use, usage, trainer, tamer, mission, familiar spirit, going as envoy
死体 【したい】dead body, corpse, cadaver
私立 【しりつ】private (establishment)
写る 【うつる】to be photographed, to be projected
手前 【てまえ】① before, this side ② one's standpoint, one's appearance ③ we ④ you
集まる 【あつまる】to gather, to collect, to assemble
重たい 【おもたい】heavy, massive, serious, important, severe, oppressed
重なる 【かさなる】to be piled up, lie on top of one another, overlap each other
重ねる 【かさねる】to pile up, to put something on another, to heap up, to add, to repeat
重力 【じゅうりょく】gravity
出場 【しゅつじょう】(stage) appearance, participation, performance
上品 【じょうひん】elegant, refined, polished
心理 【しんり】mentality
真っ先 【まっさき】the head, the foremost, beginning
真空 【しんくう】vacuum, hollow, empty
人事 【じんじ】personnel affairs, human affairs, human resources, HR
水着 【みずぎ】bathing suit, swimsuit, swimmers
生意気 【なまいき】impertinent, saucy, cheeky, conceit, audacious, brazen
青少年 【せいしょうねん】youth, young person
送料 【そうりょう】postage, carriage
大学院 【だいがくいん】graduate school
大工 【だいく】carpenter
題名 【だいめい】title
知人 【ちじん】friend, acquaintance
地質 【ちしつ】geological features
地味 【じみ】plain, simple, subdued, sober
地名 【ちめい】place name
着せる 【きせる】① to put clothes on (someone) ② to plate, to gild, to veneer ③ to accuse (of some crime), to give (a bad name)
中古 【ちゅうこ】① used, second-hand, old ② Middle Ages
中世 【ちゅうせい】Middle Ages, mediaeval times
注 【ちゅう】annotation, explanatory note, comment
転がる 【ころがる】to roll, to tumble
電力 【でんりょく】electric power
東洋 【とうよう】Orient
同時 【どうじ】simultaneous(ly), concurrent, same time, synchronous, together
特色 【とくしょく】characteristic, feature, idiosyncrasy, personal colour
特長 【とくちょう】forte, merit
日帰り 【ひがえり】day trip
年度 【ねんど】year, fiscal year, school year, term
売店 【ばいてん】shop, stand
売買 【ばいばい】trade, buying and selling
発電 【はつでん】generation (e.g. power)
発売 【はつばい】sale, offering for sale, release (for sale), launch (product)
飯 【めし】① meals, food ② cooked rice ③ one's livelihood
着ける 【つける】① to attach, to join, to add, to append, to affix, to stick, to glue, to fasten, to sew on, to apply (ointment) ② to furnish (a house with) ③ to wear, to put on ④ to keep a diary, to make an entry ⑤ to appraise, to set (a price) ⑥ to bring alongside ⑦ to place (under guard or doctor) ⑧ to follow, to shadow ⑨ to load, to give (courage to) ⑩ to keep (an eye on) ⑪ to establish (relations or understanding) ⑫ to turn on (light)
文体 【ぶんたい】literary style
歩 【ほ】① step, stride ② counter for steps
方言 【ほうげん】dialect
毎度 【まいど】① each time ② thank you for your continued patronage
名作 【めいさく】masterpiece
目安 【めやす】① criterion, standard, yardstick, reference, aim ② rough estimate, approximation
目下 【めした】subordinate, subordinates, inferior, inferiors, junior
問い 【とい】question, query
夕日 【ゆうひ】(in) the evening sun, setting sun
料 【りょう】material, charge, rate, fee
力強い 【ちからづよい】① powerful, strong, forceful, vigorous ② reassuring, encouraging
近々 【ちかぢか】soon, nearness, before long
真っ白 【まっしろ】pure white
弟子 【でし】pupil, disciple, adherent, follower, apprentice, young person, teacher's student-helper
品 【ひん】① thing, article, goods ② dignity, class, quality ③ counter for meal courses ④ flirtatiousness, coquetry
方々 【かたがた】① they (of people), gentlemen (of the ...) ② you (usu. plural) ③ various
映す 【うつす】to project, to reflect, to cast (shadow)
売れ行き 【うれゆき】sales, demand
会館 【かいかん】meeting hall, assembly hall
代える 【かえる】① to replace ② to exchange, to interchange ③ to substitute
貸し出し 【かしだし】lending, loaning
代わる 【かわる】to take the place of, to relieve, to be substituted for, to be exchanged, to change places with, to take turns, to be replaced
着々 【ちゃくちゃく】steadily
真っ黒 【まっくろ】pitch black
元々 【もともと】originally, by nature, from the start
空き 【あき】① space, room, emptiness, gap ② opening, vacancy, empty seat ③ free time, time to spare ④ disuse, unused thing
長引く 【ながびく】to be prolonged, to drag on
持ち 【もち】① hold, charge, keep possession, in charge ② wear, durability, life, draw ③ usage
気味 【ぎみ】-like, -looking, -looked
館 【かん】house, hall, building
業 【ぎょう】① work, business ② study
お参り 【おまいり】worship, shrine visit
安易 【あんい】① easy, simple ② easy-going
一定 【いってい】fixed, settled, constant, definite, uniform, regularized, regularised, defined, standardized, standardised, certain, prescribed
引き返す 【ひきかえす】to repeat, to send back, to bring back, to retrace one's steps
羽根 【はね】① feather, plume, wing ② blade (fan, propeller, etc.)
園 【えん】① garden (esp. man-made), orchard, park, plantation ② place, location
温室 【おんしつ】greenhouse, hothouse, conservatory, glasshouse
加速 【かそく】① acceleration, speed up ② accelerator
回数 【かいすう】number of times, frequency, count
回答 【かいとう】reply, answer
快晴 【かいせい】good weather
開通 【かいつう】opening, open, taking effect, becoming active
開放 【かいほう】open, throw open, liberalization, liberalisation
貝 【かい】shell, shellfish
外科 【げか】surgical department
外部 【がいぶ】① the outside ② external
角 【かく】① angle ② square (or cube) ③ bishop (shogi) ④ third degree (of the Japanese & Chinese pentatonic scale) ⑤ Chinese "horn" constellation (one of the 28 mansions) ⑥ jiao (monetary unit of China; one-tenth of a yuan)
角度 【かくど】angle
学科 【がっか】study subject, course of study
学術 【がくじゅつ】science, learning, scholarship
活字 【かつじ】printing type
活力 【かつりょく】vitality, energy
感想 【かんそう】impressions, thoughts
期 【き】① period, time ② (geological) age
気配 【けはい】① indication, sign, hint, presence, trend ② quotation (esp. stock market)
記号 【きごう】symbol, code, sign, notation
強化 【きょうか】strengthen, intensify, reinforce, solidify, enhancement
教わる 【おそわる】to be taught
局 【きょく】① channel (i.e. TV or radio), station, department ② affair, situation
曲 【きょく】tune, piece of music
曲げる 【まげる】to bend, to crook, to lean, to yield (a point), to depart (from a principle)
曲線 【きょくせん】curve
区分 【くぶん】division, section, demarcation, partition, segmentation, subdivision, (traffic) lane, compartment, classification, sorting
苦情 【くじょう】complaint, troubles, objection, grievance
空想 【くうそう】daydream, fantasy, fancy, vision
形式 【けいしき】① form (as opposed to substance), formality ② method, system, style ③ format, mode, appearance, form (something takes) ④ math expression
見直す 【みなおす】to look again, to get a better opinion of
見当 【けんとう】aim, mark, estimate, guess, approximation, direction
原 【はら】field, plain, prairie, tundra, moor, wilderness
原始 【げんし】origin, primeval
原理 【げんり】principle, theory, fundamental truth
原料 【げんりょう】raw materials
語学 【ごがく】language study
交流 【こうりゅう】① intercourse, (cultural) exchange, intermingling ② alternating current, AC
光線 【こうせん】beam, light ray
公式 【こうしき】① formality, formal, official ② formula
公表 【こうひょう】official announcement, proclamation
口実 【こうじつ】excuse, pretext
校 【こう】① school ② proof (of a book, document, etc.), counter for proofs
行列 【ぎょうれつ】① line, procession ② matrix
高等 【こうとう】high class, high grade
合同 【ごうどう】combination, incorporation, union, amalgamation, fusion, congruence
合流 【ごうりゅう】confluence, union, linking up, merge, recombining
国語 【こくご】① Japanese (language) ② national language ③ native Japanese words (as opposed to loanwords)
混合 【こんごう】① mixing, mixture, meld ② miscegenation
作曲 【さっきょく】composition, setting (of music)
参考 【さんこう】reference, consultation
算数 【さんすう】arithmetic
指定 【してい】designation, specification, assignment, appointment, pointing at
留まる 【とまる】① to stop, to halt ② to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place) ③ to come to a halt ④ to be limited to
留める 【とめる】① to stop (something or someone), to turn off ② to concentrate on, to pay attention to ③ to remember, to bear in mind ④ to fix into place ⑤ to park, to leave somewhere for a time
寺院 【じいん】temple
持参 【じさん】bringing, taking, carrying
時速 【じそく】speed (per hour)
次いで 【ついで】next, secondly, subsequently
次ぐ 【つぐ】to rank next to, to come after
実る 【みのる】to bear fruit, to ripen
実感 【じっかん】feelings (actual, true)
実習 【じっしゅう】practice, practise, training (esp. practical and hands-on), drill
実物 【じつぶつ】real thing, original, actual
実用 【じつよう】practical use, utility
実力 【じつりょく】① (real) ability, true strength, merit, efficiency, competency ② arms, force
実例 【じつれい】example, illustration, precedent
弱点 【じゃくてん】weak point, weakness
主語 【しゅご】subject
主役 【しゅやく】leading part, leading actor (actress)
取り入れる 【とりいれる】① to harvest, to reap ② to take in, to gather in ③ to adopt
手首 【てくび】wrist
受験 【じゅけん】taking an examination
終点 【しゅうてん】terminus, last stop (e.g. train)
集合 【しゅうごう】① gathering, assembly, meeting ② set
重点 【じゅうてん】important point, lay stress on, colon, emphasis
重量 【じゅうりょう】① weight ② heavyweight boxer
出勤 【しゅっきん】going to work, at work
商業 【しょうぎょう】commerce, trade, business
商社 【しょうしゃ】trading company, firm
商店 【しょうてん】shop, small store, business, firm
少数 【しょうすう】minority, few
消化 【しょうか】① digestion ② thorough understanding ③ selling accumulated (excess) products, dealing with a large amount of work ④ losing one's form and turning into something else
消防 【しょうぼう】fire fighting, fire department
乗車 【じょうしゃ】taking a train, bus, etc., entraining
心身 【しんしん】mind and body
森林 【しんりん】forest, woods
深まる 【ふかまる】to deepen, to heighten, to intensify
深夜 【しんや】late at night
真っ暗 【まっくら】① total darkness, pitch dark ② bleak future, poor prospects
神様 【かみさま】God
神話 【しんわ】myth, legend
親指 【おやゆび】thumb
進路 【しんろ】① route, course ② career, university choices, course (of future life)
人命 【じんめい】(human) life
図表 【ずひょう】chart, diagram, graph, figure
水準 【すいじゅん】① level, standard ② water level
水平 【すいへい】level, horizontality
水面 【すいめん】water's surface
水曜 【すいよう】Wednesday
勢い 【いきおい】① force, vigor, vigour, energy, spirit, life ② influence, authority, power, might ③ impetus, momentum, course (of events) ④ naturally, necessarily
正面 【しょうめん】front, frontage, facade, main
線路 【せんろ】line, track, roadbed
全集 【ぜんしゅう】complete works
想 【そう】① conception, idea, thought ② samjna (perception)
早速 【さっそく】at once, immediately, without delay, promptly
体育 【たいいく】physical education, gymnastics, athletics
対立 【たいりつ】confrontation, opposition, antagonism
帯 【おび】① obi (kimono sash) ② paper wrapper on books, CDs, etc.
退院 【たいいん】leaving hospital, discharge from hospital
大通り 【おおどおり】main street
短期 【たんき】short term
短所 【たんしょ】defect, demerit, weak point, disadvantage
断定 【だんてい】conclusion, decision
地帯 【ちたい】area, zone
竹 【たけ】① bamboo ② middle (of a three-tier ranking system)
直後 【ちょくご】immediately following
直線 【ちょくせん】straight line
直前 【ちょくぜん】just before
追加 【ついか】addition, supplement, append (e.g. to a file), appendix
通勤 【つうきん】commuting to work
通行 【つうこう】passage, passing
通用 【つうよう】① popular use, circulation ② to pass as
通路 【つうろ】passage, pathway
定員 【ていいん】fixed number of regular personnel, capacity (of boat, hall, aeroplane, airplane, etc.)
定期 【ていき】① fixed term ② fixed-term commutation pass ③ fixed-term deposit
的確 【てきかく】precise, accurate
天然 【てんねん】① nature, spontaneity ② natural airhead
点数 【てんすう】marks, points, score, runs, number of items, credits
伝記 【でんき】biography, life story
田植え 【たうえ】rice planting
電球 【でんきゅう】light bulb
電波 【でんぱ】electro-magnetic wave, radio wave
電流 【でんりゅう】electric current
登場 【とうじょう】① entry (on stage), appearance (on screen) ② entrance, introduction (into a market)
都心 【としん】city centre (center) (esp. capital city), urban centre, heart of city a metropolis
当日 【とうじつ】appointed day, very day
当番 【とうばん】being on duty
童話 【どうわ】fairy-tale
内科 【ないか】① internal medicine, i.e. treatment by medical procedures rather than surgical procedures ② department of internal medicine (hospital, etc.)
南米 【なんべい】South America
日常 【にちじょう】ordinary, regular, everyday, usual
能 【のう】① talent, gift, function ② noh (theatre)
農村 【のうそん】agricultural community, farm village, rural
農薬 【のうやく】agricultural chemical (i.e. pesticide, herbicide, fungicide, etc.), agrochemical, agrichemical
畑 【はたけ】① field (for fruits, vegetables, etc.), cultivated land, vegetable plot, kitchen garden, plantation ② field (of specialization), sphere, area
発想 【はっそう】expression (e.g. in music), idea, conception
半島 【はんとう】peninsula
反 【はん】anti-, opposite, antithesis, antagonism
番地 【ばんち】house number, address
飛行 【ひこう】aviation
筆記 【ひっき】(taking) notes, copying
筆者 【ひっしゃ】writer (often in self-reference), author
表紙 【ひょうし】front cover, binding
負け 【まけ】defeat, loss, losing (a game)
部品 【ぶひん】parts, accessories, components
風船 【ふうせん】balloon (esp. small, toy variety)
物語る 【ものがたる】to tell, to indicate
分量 【ぶんりょう】amount, quantity
平日 【へいじつ】① weekday, ordinary days (i.e. non-holiday) ② kanji radical 73
放る 【ほうる】① to let go, to abandon, to leave undone ② to throw, to toss, to fling
方面 【ほうめん】① direction, district, area ② field (e.g. of study)
防止 【ぼうし】prevention, check
防犯 【ぼうはん】prevention of crime
本部 【ほんぶ】headquarters, head office, main office
満員 【まんいん】full house, no vacancy, sold out, standing room only, full (of people), crowded
無数 【むすう】countless number, infinite number
名所 【めいしょ】① famous place ② name of a part (of an instrument, etc.) ③ name and address
名物 【めいぶつ】famous product, special product, speciality, specialty
明け方 【あけがた】dawn
目次 【もくじ】table of contents
夜間 【やかん】at night, nighttime
役者 【やくしゃ】actor, actress
役所 【やくしょ】government office, public office
役人 【やくにん】government official
役目 【やくめ】duty, business, role
薬局 【やっきょく】pharmacy, chemist (shop), drugstore
薬品 【やくひん】medicine, chemicals
油断 【ゆだん】negligence, unpreparedness
有無 【うむ】① existence or nonexistence, presence or absence ② consent or refusal, yes or no ③ flag indicator, presence or absence marker
予防 【よぼう】prevention, precaution, protection against
用語 【ようご】term, terminology
理科 【りか】science
留守番 【るすばん】① care-taking, house-sitting, house-watching ② caretaker, house-sitter
列島 【れっとう】archipelago, chain of islands
録音 【ろくおん】(audio) recording
和 【わ】① sum ② harmony, peace ③ Japanese-style
等 【とう】① class, order, rank ② et cetera (etc.), and the like ③ equal
両側 【りょうがわ】both sides
温かい 【あたたかい】warm, mild, genial
温める 【あたためる】to warm, to heat
当てはめる 【あてはめる】to apply, to adapt
植木 【うえき】garden shrubs, trees, potted plant
係わる 【かかわる】① to be affected, to be influenced ② to be concerned with, to have to do with ③ to stick to (opinions)
区切る 【くぎる】to demarcate, to delimit, to to divide (an area), to mark off, to cut off
退く 【どく】① to step aside, to move (i.e. out of the way), to make way ② to resign, to retire, to quit, to secede
先頭 【せんとう】head, lead, vanguard, first
ため息 【ためいき】sigh
中身 【なかみ】contents, interior, substance, filling, (sword) blade
話し合い 【はなしあい】discussion, conference
反映 【はんえい】① influence ② to apply, to implement ③ reflection
混ざる 【まざる】to be mixed (colours, liquids, odours...), to be blended with, to associate with, to mingle with, to join
混じる 【まじる】to be mixed, to be blended with, to associate with, to mingle with, to interest, to join
集まり 【あつまり】gathering, meeting, assembly, collection
都 【と】metropolitan, municipal
集 【しゅう】collection, compilation
移す 【うつす】① to change, to swap, to substitute, to transfer ② to change the object of one's interest or focus ③ to spend or take time ④ to infect ⑤ to permeate something with the smell or colour of something ⑥ to move on to the next or different stage of (a plan, etc.)
移転 【いてん】moving, transfer, demise
医療 【いりょう】medical care, medical treatment
育児 【いくじ】childcare, nursing, upbringing
運河 【うんが】canal, waterway
園芸 【えんげい】horticulture, gardening
延長 【えんちょう】① extension, elongation, prolongation, lengthening ② Enchou era (923.4.11-931.4.26)
下降 【かこう】downward, descent, fall, drop, subsidence
加熱 【かねつ】heating
可 【か】passable, acceptable, tolerable, fair
可決 【かけつ】approval, adoption (e.g. motion, bill), passage
課税 【かぜい】taxation
課程 【かてい】course, curriculum
貨物 【かもつ】① cargo, freight ② money or assets
過程 【かてい】process
過半数 【かはんすう】majority
解く 【ほどく】to unfasten, to untie, to unwrap (e.g. parcel)
解説 【かいせつ】explanation, commentary, exposition, elucidation
解答 【かいとう】answer, solution
解放 【かいほう】① release, unleashing, liberation, emancipation, setting free ② deallocation (of computer memory)
改めて 【あらためて】another time, again, over again, anew, formally
改める 【あらためる】① to change, to alter, to revise, to replace ② to reform, to correct, to mend, to improve ③ to examine, to check, to inspect ④ to do properly, to do formally
改札 【かいさつ】① examination of tickets ② ticket gate, ticket barrier
改正 【かいせい】revision, amendment, alteration
改造 【かいぞう】① remodeling, remodelling, restructuring ② modding
灰 【はい】ash, ashes
灰色 【はいいろ】grey, gray, ashen
各自 【かくじ】individual, each
各地 【かくち】every place, various places
格別 【かくべつ】exceptional
覚ます 【さます】① to awaken ② to disabuse ③ to sober up
官庁 【かんちょう】government office, authorities
缶詰 【かんづめ】packing (in cans), canning, canned goods, tin can
観測 【かんそく】observation
関西 【かんさい】Kansai (south-western half of Japan, including Osaka)
関東 【かんとう】Kantou (eastern half of Japan, including Tokyo)
含める 【ふくめる】to include, to instruct, to make one understand, to put in one's mouth
危うい 【あやうい】① dangerous, risky, hazardous, perilous, precarious ② in danger, in jeopardy, critical, grave, at risk ③ uncertain, unreliable, insecure, unsteady, doubtful ④ close (i.e. a close call), narrow
寄せる 【よせる】① to come near, to let someone approach ② to collect, to gather, to receive ③ to add ④ to put aside
幾 【いく】① some, several ② many ③ how many?, how much?
期限 【きげん】① term, period, time frame ② time limit, deadline, cutoff (date)
機関 【きかん】① engine ② agency, organisation, organization, institution, organ ③ system, facility, facilities
気圧 【きあつ】atmospheric pressure
規律 【きりつ】① order, observance, discipline ② rules, law, regulations
起床 【きしょう】rising, getting out of bed
議員 【ぎいん】member of the Diet, congress or parliament
詰まる 【つまる】① to be blocked, to be packed ② to hit the ball near the handle of the bat (baseball)
客席 【きゃくせき】guest seating
給与 【きゅうよ】pay, salary, wages, allowance, grant, supply
漁業 【ぎょぎょう】fishing (industry)
漁師 【りょうし】fisherman
競馬 【けいば】horse racing
境 【さかい】border, boundary, mental state
境界 【きょうかい】boundary
極力 【きょくりょく】to the utmost, to the best of one's ability
務める 【つとめる】① to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in) ② to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of) ③ to conduct a religious service
近寄る 【ちかよる】to approach, to draw near
区域 【くいき】① limits, boundary, domain, zone, sphere, territory ② area (e.g. in programming languages)
群れ 【むれ】group, crowd, flock, herd, bevy, school, swarm, cluster (of stars), clump
形容詞 【けいようし】(true) adjective, i-adjective
敬語 【けいご】honorific, term of respect
警備 【けいび】defense, defence, guard, policing, security
芸能 【げいのう】public entertainment, accomplishments, attainments
血圧 【けつあつ】blood pressure
血液 【けつえき】blood
月給 【げっきゅう】monthly salary
月末 【げつまつ】end of the month
県庁 【けんちょう】prefectural office
見舞う 【みまう】to ask after (health), to visit
軒 【のき】① eaves ② narrow aisle surrounding the core of a temple building
現す 【あらわす】① to reveal, to show, to display ② to express ③ to represent, to signify, to stand for ④ to make widely known
現に 【げんに】actually, really
限度 【げんど】limit, bounds
個体 【こたい】an individual
固まる 【かたまる】① to harden, to solidify ② to become firm, to become certain ③ to gather (together), to assemble, to huddle together
交差 【こうさ】① crossing, intersection ② (genetic) crossing over
候補 【こうほ】① candidate, contender, prospect, pick, choice, list ② candidacy, candidature, nomination
公害 【こうがい】pollution, public nuisance, contamination
公共 【こうきょう】public, community, public service, society, communal
公務 【こうむ】official business, public business
効力 【こうりょく】effect, efficacy, validity, potency
工芸 【こうげい】industrial arts
工夫 【くふう】① scheme, device, scheming, devising, figuring out, coming up with, solving ingeniously ② dedication to spiritual improvement (esp. through Zen meditation)
構造 【こうぞう】structure, construction
肯定 【こうてい】positive, affirmation
荒い 【あらい】rough, rude, wild
講師 【こうし】lecturer
鉱物 【こうぶつ】mineral
香水 【こうすい】perfume
高層 【こうそう】multistory, multistoried, high-rise, high, tall
国籍 【こくせき】nationality
再 【さい】re-, again, repeated
再三 【さいさん】again and again, repeatedly
採点 【さいてん】marking, grading, looking over
在学 【ざいがく】(enrolled) in school
作法 【さほう】manners, etiquette, propriety
雑音 【ざつおん】noise (jarring, grating)
散らす 【ちらす】to scatter, to disperse, to distribute
散る 【ちる】① to fall (e.g. blossoms, leaves) ② to scatter, to be dispersed ③ to disappear, to dissolve, to break up ④ to spread, to run, to blur ⑤ to die a noble death
産地 【さんち】producing area
刺身 【さしみ】sashimi (sliced raw fish)
子孫 【しそん】descendants, posterity, offspring
思い込む 【おもいこむ】to be under impression that, to be convinced that, to imagine that, to set one's heart on, to be bent on
脂 【あぶら】fat, tallow, lard, grease
資本 【しほん】funds, capital
児童 【じどう】children, juvenile
自治 【じち】self-government, autonomy
自宅 【じたく】one's home
湿る 【しめる】to be wet, to become wet, to be damp
湿度 【しつど】level of humidity
実績 【じっせき】achievements, actual results
社説 【しゃせつ】editorial, leading article
車輪 【しゃりん】(car) wheel
終了 【しゅうりょう】end, close, termination
祝日 【しゅくじつ】national holiday
初歩 【しょほ】elements, rudiments, ABCs of ...
書籍 【しょせき】book, publication
勝敗 【しょうはい】victory or defeat, issue (of battle), outcome
床屋 【とこや】barbershop, barber
承る 【うけたまわる】① to hear, to be told, to know ② to receive (order), to undertake, to comply, to take (a reservation, etc.)
消毒 【しょうどく】disinfection, sterilization, sterilisation
省略 【しょうりゃく】omission, abbreviation, abridgment, abridgement
賞金 【しょうきん】prize, monetary award
賞品 【しょうひん】prize, trophy
蒸気 【じょうき】steam, vapour, vapor
職人 【しょくにん】worker, mechanic, artisan, craftsman
延びる 【のびる】① to stretch, to extend, to lengthen, to spread ② to make progress, to grow (beard, body height) ③ to grow stale (soba) ④ to be straightened, to be flattened, to be smoothed ⑤ to be exhausted ⑥ to be postponed, to be prolonged
心得る 【こころえる】to be informed, to have thorough knowledge
真似る 【まねる】to mimic, to imitate
制作 【せいさく】work (film, book)
姓 【せい】① surname, family name ② hereditary title (used in ancient Japan to denote rank and political standing)
性能 【せいのう】ability, performance, efficiency
性別 【せいべつ】distinction by sex, sex, gender
成分 【せいぶん】ingredient, component, composition
成立 【せいりつ】① coming into existence, arrangements, establishment, conclusion, completion ② to come into existence, to be true, to hold (i.e. hold true)
政党 【せいとう】political party
清掃 【せいそう】cleaning
生存 【せいぞん】① existence, being, survival ② to exist, to live, to survive
税関 【ぜいかん】customs house
接近 【せっきん】getting closer, drawing nearer, approaching
接続 【せつぞく】① connection, attachment, union, join, joint, link ② changing trains ③ conjunction
先祖 【せんぞ】ancestor
先程 【さきほど】some time ago
占う 【うらなう】to tell someone's fortune, to forecast, to predict, to divine
泉 【いずみ】spring, fountain
浅い 【あさい】shallow, superficial
祖先 【そせん】ancestor
争う 【あらそう】① to compete, to contest, to contend ② to quarrel, to argue, to dispute, to be at variance, to oppose ③ (usu. in negative form) to deny (e.g. evidence)
相違 【そうい】difference, discrepancy, variation
窓口 【まどぐち】① ticket window, teller window, counter ② contact person, point of contact
増減 【ぞうげん】increase and decrease, fluctuation
増大 【ぞうだい】enlargement, increase
束 【たば】bundle, bunch, sheaf
測定 【そくてい】measurement
測量 【そくりょう】measurement, surveying
体制 【たいせい】order, system, structure, set-up, organization, organisation
対照 【たいしょう】contrast, antithesis, comparison
代名詞 【だいめいし】① pronoun ② synonym, classic example, pattern, byword, representative
大戦 【たいせん】great war, great battle
宅 【たく】house, home, husband
担ぐ 【かつぐ】① to shoulder, to carry on one's shoulder ② to take (someone) for a ride, to deceive, to take in
探る 【さぐる】to search, to look for, to sound out
団地 【だんち】multi-unit apartments
段階 【だんかい】gradation, grade, stage, steps, order, class, phase
着替え 【きがえ】changing clothes, change of clothes
着替える 【きがえる】to change one's clothes
中絶 【ちゅうぜつ】① abortion ② to have an abortion ③ interruption, discontinuance, suspension, abeyance
中途 【ちゅうと】in the middle, half-way
昼寝 【ひるね】nap (afternoon), siesta
貯蔵 【ちょぞう】storage, preservation
超過 【ちょうか】excess, being more than
頂点 【ちょうてん】top, summit
通貨 【つうか】currency
通信 【つうしん】correspondence, communication, transmission, news, signal
停止 【ていし】suspension, interruption, stoppage, ban, standstill, halt, hang-up, deadlock, stalemate, abeyance
停車 【ていしゃ】stopping (e.g. train)
停電 【ていでん】power outage, electricity outage, blackout, failure of electricity supply
盗難 【とうなん】theft, robbery
灯油 【とうゆ】lamp oil, kerosene
頭脳 【ずのう】head, brains, intellect
突き 【つき】a thrust, a pass, a lunge, a stab
突く 【つく】① to prick, to stab ② to poke, to prod, to push, to thrust, to nudge, to hit, to strike ③ to use (a cane), to prop oneself up with, to press against (the floor, etc.) ④ to attack ⑤ to brave (the rain, etc.)
日程 【にってい】schedule, program, programme, agenda
熱帯 【ねったい】tropics
濃度 【のうど】① concentration, thickness, density ② cardinality
農産物 【のうさんぶつ】agricultural produce
破れる 【やぶれる】to get torn, to wear out
拝見 【はいけん】seeing, look at
背負う 【せおう】to be burdened with, to carry on back or shoulder
薄暗い 【うすぐらい】dim, gloomy
判事 【はんじ】judge, judiciary
反省 【はんせい】reflection, reconsideration, introspection, meditation, contemplation
革 【かわ】leather
美容 【びよう】beauty of figure or form
不可 【ふか】wrong, bad, improper, unjustifiable, inadvisable
付近 【ふきん】neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity, environs
浮く 【うく】① to float ② to become merry ③ to become loose
武道 【ぶどう】martial arts, military arts, Bushido
副 【ふく】① assistant, associate, vice-, sub-, deputy, substitute, auxiliary, supplementary, additional, collateral ② duplicate, copy
複数 【ふくすう】several, plural, plurality, multiple
仏 【ほとけ】① Buddha, merciful person, Buddhist image ② the dead
分解 【ぶんかい】① disassembly, dismantling, disaggregating, analysis, disintegrating, decomposing, degrading ② factorization ③ decomposition, resolution ④ deblocking
分布 【ぶんぷ】distribution, dissemination, allocation
文芸 【ぶんげい】literature, art and literature, belles-lettres
並行 【へいこう】(going) side by side, concurrent, abreast, at the same time, occurring together, parallel, parallelism
閉会 【へいかい】closure (of a ceremony, event, meeting, etc.)
片道 【かたみち】one-way (trip)
編 【へん】① compilation (of a text), editing ② volume (of a text) ③ completed literary work
捕る 【とる】to take, to catch (fish), to capture
補う 【おぎなう】to compensate for, to supplement
募集 【ぼしゅう】recruiting, taking applications
包装 【ほうそう】packing, wrapping
報 【ほう】information, news, report
方程式 【ほうていしき】equation, formula
暴れる 【あばれる】to act violently, to rage, to struggle, to be riotous
枚数 【まいすう】① the number of flat things ② win-loss difference which influences the ranking of sumo wrestlers
未 【み】not yet, un-
民間 【みんかん】private, civilian, civil, popular, folk, unofficial
亡くす 【なくす】① to lose something ② to get rid of ③ to lose someone (wife, child, etc.)
無限 【むげん】infinite
名刺 【めいし】business card
名詞 【めいし】noun
面積 【めんせき】area
木材 【もくざい】lumber, timber, wood
目印 【めじるし】mark, sign, landmark
輸送 【ゆそう】transport, transportation
夕刊 【ゆうかん】evening paper
予備 【よび】preparation, preliminaries, reserve, spare
予報 【よほう】forecast, prediction
溶かす 【とかす】to melt, to dissolve
溶け込む 【とけこむ】① to melt into, to merge into ② to fit in, to adapt, to blend
用途 【ようと】use, usefulness, utility, service
頼もしい 【たのもしい】reliable, trustworthy, hopeful, promising
乱暴 【らんぼう】rude, violent, rough, lawless, unreasonable, reckless
利害 【りがい】advantages and disadvantages, interest
略す 【りゃくす】① to abbreviate, to omit ② to take, to capture
流域 【りゅういき】(river) basin
粒 【つぶ】grain, bead
冷める 【さめる】① to become cool, to come down (fever) ② to cool down (interest), to abate, to subside, to dampen
冷やす 【ひやす】to cool, to chill, to refrigerate
冷凍 【れいとう】freezing, cold storage, refrigeration
連合 【れんごう】① union, alliance, combination ② RENGO (Japanese Trade Union Confederation)
湾 【わん】bay, gulf, inlet
傾く 【かたむく】to incline toward, to slant, to lurch, to heel over, to be disposed to, to trend toward, to be prone to, to go down (sun), to wane, to sink, to decline
紅葉 【こうよう】① autumn colours, fall colors, leaves changing color (colour) ② leaves turning red, red leaves ③ leaves turning yellow, yellow leaves ④ (Japanese) maple (Acer japonicum)
足跡 【あしあと】footprints
代替 【だいたい】① change of ownership, substitution, subrogation, alternation ② alternative, substitute
値 【ね】① price, cost ② value, worth, merit ③ variable (computer programming, programing) ④ value, count, number ⑤ to have value, to have merit
銅 【どう】copper
抱く 【だく】① to embrace, to hold in the arms (e.g. a baby), to hug ② to harbour (e.g. grudge) (harbor), to bear (e.g. a grudge), to entertain (e.g. suspicion) ③ to sleep with ④ to sit on eggs
浴衣 【ゆかた】yukata (light cotton kimono worn in the summer or used as a bathrobe)
押さえる 【おさえる】① to pin something down, to hold something down, to hold something back, to stop, to restrain, to curb ② to seize, to grasp, to arrest ③ to gain control of something, to govern, to keep down (e.g. information), to suppress ④ to catch happening, to determine (important points), to find (proof), to understand
換える 【かえる】① to replace ② to exchange, to interchange ③ to substitute
個所 【かしょ】passage, place, point, part
共同 【きょうどう】doing together (as equals), sharing, common (land, etc.), joint (statement, etc.), cooperation, co-operation, collaboration, association
組み合わせ 【くみあわせ】combination
超える 【こえる】① to cross over, to cross, to pass through, to pass over (out of) ② to exceed
住居 【じゅうきょ】dwelling, house, residence, address
すれ違う 【すれちがう】to pass by one another, to disagree, to miss each other
相互 【そうご】mutual, reciprocal
各々 【おのおの】each, every, either, respectively, severally
続々 【ぞくぞく】successively, one after another
炭鉱 【たんこう】coal mine, coal pit
短編 【たんぺん】short (e.g. story, film)
造る 【つくる】① to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct ② to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol) ③ to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train ④ to till ⑤ to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write ⑥ to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose ⑦ to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found ⑧ to have (a child) ⑨ to make up (one's face, etc.) ⑩ to fabricate (an excuse, etc.) ⑪ to form (a line, etc.) ⑫ to set (a record) ⑬ to commit (a sin, etc.)
出掛ける 【でかける】to depart, to go out (e.g. on an excursion or outing), to set out, to start, to be going out
採る 【とる】① to adopt (measure, proposal) ② to pick (fruit), to catch (insects), to take (e.g. a sample) ③ to assume (attitude) ④ to take on (i.e. hire), to engage
治す 【なおす】① to cure, to heal ② to fix, to correct, to repair ③ to do over again (after -masu base of verb) ④ to replace, to put back as it was ⑤ to convert (into a different state), to transform
延ばす 【のばす】to postpone
乗り換え 【のりかえ】transfer (trains, buses, etc.)
測る 【はかる】① to measure, to weigh, to survey, to time (sound, gauge, estimate) ② to conjecture, to infer, to surmise
挟む 【はさむ】to interpose, to hold between, to insert
果たして 【はたして】① as was expected, just as one thought, sure enough, as a result ② really? (in questions), ever?
引っ越し 【ひっこし】moving (dwelling, office, etc.), changing residence
増やす 【ふやす】to increase, to add to, to augment
編集 【へんしゅう】editing, compilation, editorial (e.g. committee)
干す 【ほす】① to air, to dry, to desiccate ② to drain (off) ③ to drink up ④ to deprive of a role, job, etc. (usu. in the passive)
見慣れる 【みなれる】to become used to seeing, to be familiar with
割引 【わりびき】discount, reduction, rebate, tenths discounted
欧米 【おうべい】Europe and America, the West
水産 【すいさん】marine products, fisheries
段 【だん】① step, stair, (flight of) steps, (row of) stitches, columns (of print) ② grade, rank, level ③ counter for breaks in written language (or speech, etc.)
団 【だん】body, group, party, company, troupe
隻 【せき】counter for ships
現 【げん】present, current
位 【い】① place, rank ② decimal place ③ counter for ghosts
戦 【せん】match, competition
省 【しょう】① ministry, department ② province (of China) ③ saving, conserving
領 【りょう】territory of (country)
産 【さん】① (giving) birth, childbirth, delivery, confinement ② native of, product of ③ assets, property, fortune
付 【づけ】dated (e.g. a letter), date of effect (e.g. a rule change)
済み 【ずみ】arranged, taken care of, settled, completed
家 【か】-ist (used after a noun indicating someone's occupation, pursuits, disposition, etc.), -er
哀れ 【あわれ】① pity, sorrow, grief, misery, compassion, pathos ② pitiable, pitiful, pathetic, miserable ③ alack, alas
圧縮 【あっしゅく】compression, condensation, constriction, compaction
案外 【あんがい】unexpectedly
意義 【いぎ】meaning, significance
為す 【なす】to do, to perform
為替 【かわせ】① money order, draft ② exchange (e.g. foreign)
一応 【いちおう】once, tentatively, in outline, for the time being, just in case
衛星 【えいせい】satellite
宴会 【えんかい】party, banquet
艶 【つや】gloss, glaze
凹む 【へこむ】① to be dented, to be indented, to yield to, to give, to sink, to collapse, to cave in ② to be snubbed, to be overwhelmed, to feel down, to be forced to yield
往復 【おうふく】round trip, coming and going, return ticket
応援 【おうえん】aid, assistance, help, reinforcement, rooting, barracking, support, cheering
応対 【おうたい】receiving, dealing with
応用 【おうよう】application, put to practical use
恩 【おん】favour, favor, obligation, debt of gratitude
恩恵 【おんけい】grace, favor, favour, blessing, benefit
下旬 【げじゅん】month (last third of)
仮定 【かてい】assumption, supposition, hypothesis
嫁 【よめ】① wife, bride ② (one's) daughter-in-law
架空 【かくう】aerial, overhead, fiction, fanciful
花嫁 【はなよめ】bride
過剰 【かじょう】excess, over-
街角 【まちかど】street corner
拡充 【かくじゅう】expansion
拡張 【かくちょう】expansion, extension, enlargement, escape, ESC
殻 【から】shell, husk, hull, pod, chaff
確信 【かくしん】conviction, belief, confidence
確率 【かくりつ】probability, likelihood, chances
隔てる 【へだてる】to be shut out, to separate, to isolate
学級 【がっきゅう】(school) class
楽器 【がっき】musical instrument
活躍 【かつやく】① activity (esp. energetic), great efforts, conspicuous service ② to flourish, to participate actively, to play an active role
勘 【かん】perception, intuition, the sixth sense
勘違い 【かんちがい】misunderstanding, wrong guess
感激 【かんげき】deep emotion, impression, inspiration
看板 【かんばん】sign, signboard, doorplate, poster, billboard, appearance, figurehead, policy, attraction, closing time
緩い 【ゆるい】loose, lenient, slow
鑑賞 【かんしょう】appreciation (e.g. of art), aesthetic sense
間隔 【かんかく】space, interval, SPC
器具 【きぐ】utensil, apparatus, implement, device, gadget
基地 【きち】base
基盤 【きばん】foundation, basis, base, footing
飢える 【うえる】to starve, to thirst, to be hungry
休養 【きゅうよう】rest, break, recreation
及ぼす 【およぼす】to exert, to cause, to exercise
恐縮 【きょうしゅく】shame, very kind of you, sorry to trouble
教養 【きょうよう】culture, education, refinement, cultivation
興奮 【こうふん】excitement, stimulation, agitation, arousal
驚かす 【おどろかす】to surprise, to frighten, to create a stir
句 【く】① section (i.e. of text), sentence, passage, paragraph ② phrase ③ verse (of 5 or 7 mora in Japanese poetry; of 4, 5, or 7 characters in Chinese poetry) ④ haiku, first 17 morae of a renga, etc. ⑤ maxim, saying, idiom, expression
郡 【ぐん】① district, county ② district (of 2-20 50-home neighbourhoods or townships, in the Ritsuryo period)
系統 【けいとう】system, family line, geological formation, lineage, ancestry
継続 【けいぞく】continuation
堅い 【かたい】① hard, solid, tough ② stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing) ③ strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved) ④ safe, steady, honest, steadfast ⑤ obstinate, stubborn ⑥ bookish, formal, stuffy
研修 【けんしゅう】training (esp. in-service), induction course
謙虚 【けんきょ】modesty, humility
賢明 【けんめい】wisdom, intelligence, prudence
顕微鏡 【けんびきょう】microscope
厳重 【げんじゅう】strict, rigour, rigor, severe, firm, strong, secure
古典 【こてん】old book, classics, classic
娯楽 【ごらく】pleasure, amusement
後輩 【こうはい】junior (at work or school)
ご無沙汰 【ごぶさた】not writing or contacting for a while, neglecting (failing) to write (call, visit, etc.), long silence
御覧 【ごらん】① (after the -te form of a verb) (please) try to ② (please) look ③ seeing, looking, watching
公衆 【こうしゅう】the public, general public
功績 【こうせき】achievements, merit, meritorious service, meritorious deed
好き嫌い 【すききらい】likes and dislikes, taste
攻める 【せめる】to attack, to assault
校舎 【こうしゃ】school building
綱 【つな】① rope ② sumo grand champion's braided belt
項目 【こうもく】(data) item, entry
高級 【こうきゅう】high class, high grade
恨み 【うらみ】① resentment, grudge, malice, bitterness ② matter for regret, regret
恨む 【うらむ】① to resent, to curse, to feel bitter, to blame, to bear a grudge ② to regret
鎖 【くさり】chain, chains
催し 【もよおし】event, festivities, function, social gathering, auspices, opening, holding (a meeting)
砕く 【くだく】to break, to smash
削る 【けずる】① to shave (wood or leather), to sharpen, to plane, to whittle, to pare, to scrape off ② to cross out, to reduce, to curtail, to remove, to erase, to delete
削除 【さくじょ】elimination, cancellation, deletion, erasure, DEL (key)
索引 【さくいん】index, indices, indexes
撮影 【さつえい】photographing
殺人 【さつじん】murder
司会 【しかい】chairmanship, leading a meeting
姿勢 【しせい】attitude, posture
市場 【しじょう】(the) market (as a concept)
氏名 【しめい】full name, identity
紙幣 【しへい】paper money, notes, bills
紫 【むらさき】① purple, violet ② Lithospermum erythrorhizon (species of gromwell) ③ type of soy sauce
磁石 【じしゃく】① magnet ② compass
自衛 【じえい】self-defense, self-defence
執筆 【しっぴつ】writing (e.g. as a profession)
斜め 【ななめ】① slanting, tilted, sloping, diagonal, oblique ② unusual, slanted (view of the world), bad (mood)
煮る 【にる】to boil, to cook
受け入れる 【うけいれる】to accept, to receive
寿命 【じゅみょう】life span
就任 【しゅうにん】inauguration, assumption of office
修繕 【しゅうぜん】repair, mending
醜い 【みにくい】① ugly, unattractive ② unsightly, unseemly
縦 【たて】① the vertical, height ② front-to-back, length
縮める 【ちぢめる】to shorten, to reduce, to boil down, to shrink
縮小 【しゅくしょう】reduction, curtailment
循環 【じゅんかん】circulation, rotation, cycle
純粋 【じゅんすい】pure, true, genuine, unmixed
巡る 【めぐる】① to go around ② to return ③ to surround ④ to concern (usu. of disputes)
順序 【じゅんじょ】order, sequence, procedure
初級 【しょきゅう】elementary level
初旬 【しょじゅん】first 10 days of the month
助教授 【じょきょうじゅ】assistant professor
将棋 【しょうぎ】shogi, Japanese chess, xianqi
小遣い 【こづかい】pocket money, spending money, pin money, allowance
焦点 【しょうてん】focus (e.g. photographic), focal point
鐘 【かね】bell (often a large hanging bell), chime
上級 【じょうきゅう】advanced level, high grade, senior
上旬 【じょうじゅん】first 10 days of month
載る 【のる】① to get on, to ride in, to board, to mount, to get up on ② to spread (paints), to be taken in ③ to share in, to join, to feel like doing, to be mentioned in, to be in harmony with ④ to appear (in print), to be recorded, to be found in (a dictionary)
蒸し暑い 【むしあつい】humid, sultry
飾り 【かざり】decoration
振り 【ふり】① pretence (pretense), show ② appearance, behaviour ③ swing, swinging ④ lacking a reservation or introduction (at a restaurant, etc.) ⑤ unsewn part of a hanging sleeve on a traditional Japanese woman's garment
新幹線 【しんかんせん】bullet train (very high speed), Shinkansen
申請 【しんせい】application, request, petition
診断 【しんだん】diagnosis
酢 【す】vinegar
図鑑 【ずかん】illustrated reference book, illustrated encyclopedia (esp. for children), picture book
垂直 【すいちょく】vertical, perpendicular
推定 【すいてい】① presumption, assumption ② estimation
水素 【すいそ】hydrogen
杉 【すぎ】Japanese cedar, Cryptomeria japonica
澄む 【すむ】to clear (e.g. weather), to become transparent
寸法 【すんぽう】measurement, size, extent, dimension
整備 【せいび】maintenance, servicing, outfitting
製作 【せいさく】manufacture, production
西暦 【せいれき】Christian Era, CE, anno domini, AD
惜しい 【おしい】① regrettable, disappointing ② precious, dear, valuable ③ too good for, deserving better ④ almost but not quite
先端 【せんたん】pointed end, tip, fine point, spearhead, cusp, vanguard, advanced, leading edge
宣伝 【せんでん】propaganda, publicity, advertisement, advertising
洗剤 【せんざい】detergent, washing material
素人 【しろうと】amateur, novice
素直 【すなお】① obedient, meek, docile, unaffected ② honest, frank
創作 【そうさく】production, literary creation, work
倉庫 【そうこ】storehouse, warehouse, godown
爽やか 【さわやか】fresh, refreshing, invigorating, clear, fluent, eloquent
葬式 【そうしき】funeral
あう① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
太鼓 【たいこ】drum
妥当 【だとう】valid, proper, right, appropriate
体系 【たいけい】system, organization, organisation, architecture
体操 【たいそう】gymnastics, physical exercises, calisthenics
対策 【たいさく】counter-plan, counter-measure
滝 【たき】waterfall
但し 【ただし】but, however, provided that
脱線 【だっせん】derailment, digression
弾 【たま】① ball, sphere, globe, orb ② bead (of sweat, dew, etc.), drop, droplet ③ ball (in sports) ④ pile (of noodles, etc.) ⑤ bullet ⑥ bulb (i.e. a light bulb) ⑦ ens (of glasses, etc.) ⑧ bead (of an abacus) ⑨ egg ⑩ gem, jewel (esp. spherical; sometimes used figuratively), pearl ⑪ female entertainer (e.g. a geisha) ⑫ person (when commenting on their nature), character ⑬ item, funds or person used as part of a plot ⑭ coin ⑮ precious, beautiful, excellent
地盤 【じばん】stronghold, base, (the) ground
中旬 【ちゅうじゅん】middle of a month, second third of a month
丁目 【ちょうめ】district of a town, city block (of irregular size)
張り切る 【はりきる】to be in high spirits, to be full of vigor (vigour), to be enthusiastic, to be eager, to stretch to breaking point
彫る 【ほる】① to carve, to engrave, to sculpt, to chisel ② to tattoo
彫刻 【ちょうこく】carving, engraving, sculpture
調整 【ちょうせい】regulation, coordination, adjustment, tuning, modification, alteration
調節 【ちょうせつ】regulation, adjustment, control
定価 【ていか】list price, regular price, established price
典型 【てんけい】type, pattern, archetypal
天才 【てんさい】genius, prodigy, natural gift
展開 【てんかい】① development ② expansion (opposite of compression)
吐き気 【はきけ】nausea, sickness in the stomach
吐く 【はく】① to breathe ② to tell (lies) ③ to vomit, to disgorge
統一 【とういつ】unity, consolidation, uniformity, unification, compatible
透明 【とうめい】transparency, cleanness
瞳 【ひとみ】① pupil (of eye) ② eye
峠 【とうげ】ridge, (mountain) pass, difficult part
特殊 【とくしゅ】special, unique
独り 【ひとり】alone, unmarried, solitary
独り言 【ひとりごと】soliloquy, monologue, speaking to oneself
縄 【なわ】rope, hemp
能率 【のうりつ】① efficiency ② moment (i.e. magnetic moment)
派手 【はで】showy, loud, gay, flashy, gaudy
俳句 【はいく】haiku poetry (17-syllable poem usually in 3 lines of 5, 7 and 5 syllables)
鉢 【はち】① bowl, pot, basin ② flowerpot ③ crown, brainpan
発射 【はっしゃ】firing, shooting, discharge, catapult, ejaculation (sl)
非難 【ひなん】blame, attack, criticism
標識 【ひょうしき】sign, mark, flag
標準 【ひょうじゅん】standard, level, norm
標本 【ひょうほん】example, specimen, sample
評論 【ひょうろん】criticism, critique
敷地 【しきち】site, plot, lot, grounds
普及 【ふきゅう】diffusion, spread
噴火 【ふんか】eruption
文献 【ぶんけん】literature, books (reference), document
文脈 【ぶんみゃく】context
兵隊 【へいたい】soldier, sailor
平凡 【へいぼん】common, commonplace, ordinary, mediocre
別荘 【べっそう】holiday house, villa
保健 【ほけん】health preservation, hygiene, sanitation
包丁 【ほうちょう】kitchen knife, carving knife
崩れる 【くずれる】to collapse, to crumble
泡 【あわ】bubble, foam, froth, head on beer
縫う 【ぬう】① to sew, to stitch ② to weave one's way (e.g. through a crowd)
望遠鏡 【ぼうえんきょう】telescope
膨らむ 【ふくらむ】to expand, to swell (out), to get big, to become inflated
墨 【すみ】ink
本気 【ほんき】seriousness, truth, sanctity
盆 【ぼん】① O-Bon, Bon Festival, Lantern Festival, Festival of the Dead ② tray ③ family, household
摩擦 【まさつ】friction, rubbing, rubdown, chafe
免税 【めんぜい】tax exemption, duty exemption
矢印 【やじるし】arrow (mark or symbol), directional marker or indicator
愉快 【ゆかい】pleasant, happy
只 【ただ】free of charge
幼稚 【ようち】infancy, childish, infantile
幼稚園 【ようちえん】kindergarten
容器 【ようき】container, vessel
要旨 【ようし】point, essentials, gist, summary, fundamentals
浴室 【よくしつ】bathroom, bath
欄 【らん】① column of text (e.g. in a newspaper) ② field (in a form, web page, etc.)
寮 【りょう】hostel, dormitory
臨時 【りんじ】temporary, special, extraordinary
鈴 【すず】bell (often globular)
廊下 【ろうか】corridor
冠 【かんむり】① cap (esp. a traditional cap worn with sokutai or ikan clothing), crown, diadem, coronet ② top kanji radical ③ first verse of a haikai, etc. ④ best, peerless, first
脅かす 【おどかす】① to threaten, to menace ② to startle, to surprise
消耗 【しょうもう】exhaustion, consumption, waste, dissipation
天皇 【てんのう】Emperor of Japan
武士 【ぶし】warrior, samurai
牧場 【ぼくじょう】① farm (livestock), ranch (US), station (Aus, NZ) ② pasture land, meadow, grazing land
納める 【おさめる】① to dedicate, to make an offering, to pay (fees) ② to supply ③ to store ④ to finish, to bring to a close ⑤ to restore (something to its place) ⑥ to achieve (e.g. a result)
塊 【かたまり】lump, mass, bundle, clump, clod, cluster
基準 【きじゅん】standard, basis, criterion, norm, reference, datum
悔しい 【くやしい】regrettable, mortifying, vexing
炊く 【たく】to cook (esp. grain, pulses, etc., such as rice or beans), to boil
直径 【ちょっけい】diameter
手帳 【てちょう】① notebook, memo pad ② certificate ③ identification card
整う 【ととのう】to be prepared, to be in order, to be put in order, to be arranged
載せる 【のせる】to load (luggage), to carry, to take on board
響き 【ひびき】echo, sound, reverberation, noise
付属 【ふぞく】attached, belonging (to), included, enclosed, affiliated, annexed, associated, subordinate, incidental, dependent, auxiliary
膨大 【ぼうだい】huge, bulky, enormous, extensive, swelling, expansion
湧く 【わく】① to well (up), to gush forth (of water), to spring out, to surge ② to appear (esp. suddenly) (sweat, tears, etc.) ③ to hatch (esp. of parasitic insects, etc.)
潜る 【もぐる】① to dive (into or under water) ② to get under, to get into, to get in, to creep into, to crawl under, to bury oneself, to burrow into, to dig oneself into, to snuggle under ③ to hide oneself (esp. from the government), to conceal oneself, to go underground
沿い 【ぞい】along
岬 【みさき】cape (on coast)
やむを得ない 【やむをえない】cannot be helped, unavoidable
栓 【せん】stopper, cork, stopcock
密 【みつ】① density, thickness ② secrecy ③ minute, fine
おしゃれ① smartly dressed, stylish, fashion-conscious ② someone smartly dressed ③ to dress up, to be fashionable
飴 【あめ】(hard) candy, toffee
いったん① once ② for a moment, temporarily
よる① to be due to, to be caused by ② to depend on, to turn on ③ to be based on, to come from
くだらないgood-for-nothing, stupid, trivial, worthless
咳 【せき】cough, coughing, tussis
釜 【かま】iron pot, kettle
瓦 【かわら】roof tile
堪える 【こらえる】① to bear, to stand, to endure, to put up with ② to support, to withstand, to resist, to brave ③ to be fit for, to be equal to
汲む 【くむ】① to draw (water), to ladle, to dip, to scoop, to pump ② to have a drink together ③ to consider, to sympathize with, to sympathise with
そば① buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) ② soba (Japanese buckwheat noodles)
稽古 【けいこ】practice, practise, training, study
つながりconnection, link, relationship
繋げる 【つなげる】to tie, to fasten, to connect, to transfer (phone call)
隙間 【すきま】crevice, crack, gap, opening
桁 【けた】① column, beam ② digit, decade, order of magnitude
くれぐれもrepeatedly, sincerely, earnestly
いきなりabruptly, suddenly, all of a sudden, without warning
こするto rub, to scrub
とっくにlong ago, already, a long time ago
いとこcousin (female)
狙う 【ねらう】to aim at
遡る 【さかのぼる】to go back, to go upstream, to make retroactive
揃う 【そろう】① to become complete, to be all present, to be a full set, to have everything at one's disposal ② to be equal, to be uniform ③ to gather, to assemble
つぶれる① to be smashed ② to become useless, to cease functioning ③ to go bankrupt
爪 【つめ】① nail (e.g. fingernail, toenail), claw, talon, hoof ② plectrum, pick ③ hook, clasp
吊る 【つる】to hang, to suspend (something from something), to be hanged (by the neck)
這う 【はう】to creep, to crawl
卑怯 【ひきょう】cowardice, meanness, unfairness
かぶせるto cover (with something), to put on (e.g. on someone else's head), to plate something (with a metal), to pour or dash a liquid (on something), to charge (a person with a guilt)
撫でる 【なでる】to brush gently, to stroke, to caress
呆れる 【あきれる】to be amazed, to be shocked
あくまでto the end, to the bitter end, to the last, stubbornly, persistently, to the utmost
姪 【めい】niece
儲かる 【もうかる】to be profitable, to yield a profit
もちsticky rice cake
さすが① as one would expect ② still, all the same ③ even... (e.g. "even a genius...")
溜める 【ためる】① to amass, to accumulate, to store ② to leave unpaid
こぼれる① to spill, to fall out of, to overflow ② to peek through, to become visible (although normally not) ③ to escape (of a smile, tear, etc.)
丼 【どんぶり】① porcelain bowl ② bowl of rice with food on top
唸る 【うなる】to groan, to moan, to roar, to howl, to growl, to hum, to buzz, to sough
はめる① to insert, to put in (such that there is a snug fit) ② to pigeonhole (into a particular category) ③ to place a ring-shaped object around something (esp. one that restricts freedom, such as handcuffs) ④ to entrap, to set someone up (i.e. frame them for a crime, etc.)
ふざけるto romp, to gambol, to frolic, to joke, to make fun of, to flirt, to mess around, to screw around, to josh
痒い 【かゆい】itchy, itching
睨む 【にらむ】to glare at, to scowl at, to keep an eye on
ややa little, partially, somewhat, a short time, a while
くどい① verbose, importunate, wordy, repetitious, long-winded ② heavy (taste), gaudy, loud, greasy
うどんudon (thick Japanese wheat noodles)
あるいはor, possibly
いよいよ① more and more, all the more, increasingly ② at last, finally, beyond doubt ③ (at the) last moment, worst possible time
おかず① accompaniment for rice dishes, side dish ② food for thought (esp. in the context of conversation, or material for assisting arousal during masturbation)
きっかけchance, start, cue, excuse, motive, impetus, occasion
芯 【しん】① wick, marrow, staple (for stapler), (pencil) lead, stuffing, pith ② core, heart, centre, center
ひとまずfor the present, once, in outline
もったいない① too good, more than one deserves, unworthy of ② wasteful
蘇る 【よみがえる】① to be resurrected, to be resuscitated, to be rehabilitated, to be revived, to be refreshed, to be restored ② to be recalled (e.g. memories), to be brought back
めでたい① happy, auspicious, propitious, joyous ② naive
くわえるto hold in one's mouth
なるto bear fruit
注ぐ 【つぐ】(usu. written as kana when referring to a solid) to pour (into a vessel), to fill, to dish out food or drink
うなずくto nod, to bow one's head in assent
あっさりeasily, readily, quickly
いざnow, come (now), well
きちっとexactly, perfectly
きっちり① punctually, on the dot, precisely ② closely, tightly, (fits) like a glove ③ without fail
くっきりdistinctly, clearly, boldly
ぐっとfirmly, fast, much, more
しょっちゅうalways, constantly, frequently, often
じっくりdeliberately, carefully
すんなりpass with no objection, slim, slender
てっきりsurely, certainly, beyond doubt
でかいhuge, gargantuan
どうにかin some way or other, one way or another
どうやらit seems like, it appears that, somehow or other
ひょっとpossibly, accidentally
ふらふらunsteady on one's feet, stagger, reel, totter, dizzy
ぶらぶらdangle heavily, swing, sway to and fro, aimlessly, idly, lazily, loiter, loaf, stroll idly
ほっとfeeling relieved, (sigh of) relief
ぼやくto grumble, to complain
ややこしいpuzzling, tangled, complicated, complex
ゆとりelbowroom, leeway, room, reserve, margin, allowance, latitude, time
なんだかんだsomething or other
入る 【いる】to get in, to go in, to come in, to flow into, to set, to set in
はるto do
見方 【みかた】viewpoint
公開 【こうかい】open to the public, exhibit
持てる 【もてる】① to be able to possess (hold, get, etc.) ② to be well liked, to be popular, to be pampered (spoiled, doted upon, etc.), to be welcomed ③ to endure (the tests of time, the elements, etc.), to last ④ possessed ⑤ possessing riches, having wealth
答 【こたえ】response, reply, answer, solution
動 【どう】motion, change, confusion
同 【どう】the same, the said, ibid.
読者 【どくしゃ】reader
問答 【もんどう】questions and answers, dialogue
有 【ゆう】① existence ② possession, having ③ limited company
音 【おん】① sound, noise, report ② note (music) ③ Chinese-derived character reading
風車 【かざぐるま】① windmill, pinwheel ② leather flower, Clematis patens
仕上げ 【しあげ】end, finishing touches, being finished
引き下げる 【ひきさげる】to pull down, to lower, to reduce, to withdraw
着 【ぎ】clothes, outfit, uniform, gi
重 【じゅう】greater degree, heavy, serious
一部 【いちぶ】① one part, one portion, one section, some ② one copy (e.g. of a document)
引き取る 【ひきとる】to take charge of, to take over, to retire to a private place
苦しめる 【くるしめる】to torment, to harass, to inflict pain
向き 【むき】direction, orientation, aspect, situation, exposure, suitability, tendency
私鉄 【してつ】private railway
実質 【じっしつ】substance, essence
商 【しょう】① quotient ② dealing, dealer, store ③ second degree (of the Japanese & Chinese pentatonic scale) ④ Shang (dynasty of China)
申し出 【もうしで】proposal, request, claim, report, notice
相 【あい】together, mutually, fellow
電線 【でんせん】① electric line, electric cable, power cable ② telephone line, telegraph wire
流 【りゅう】style of, method of, manner of, school (of thought)
交わす 【かわす】① to exchange (messages, greetings, arguments, etc.) ② to intersect, to cross ③ to dodge, to parry, to avoid, to turn aside
実情 【じつじょう】real condition, actual circumstances, actual state of affairs
演習 【えんしゅう】practice, practise, exercises, manoeuvres, maneuvers, practicum
下位 【かい】low rank, subordinate, lower order (e.g. byte), low-end
巻 【まき】① roll (e.g. of cloth) ② winding ③ volume (of book)
期末 【きまつ】end of term
喫茶 【きっさ】tea drinking, tea house
権 【けん】authority, right (to do something)
雇用 【こよう】employment (long term), hire
児 【こ】① child ② young (animal) ③ young woman, young geisha ④ offshoot ⑤ interest ⑥ new shares ⑦ (after a noun or -masu stem) -er (often of young women)
指示 【しじ】indication, instruction, designation, directions
周 【しゅう】① Zhou (dynasty of China), Chou ② (geometric) perimeter ③ counter for laps or circuits
初 【はつ】first, new
蒸す 【むす】to steam, to poultice, to be sultry
造船 【ぞうせん】shipbuilding
兆 【ちょう】① sign, omen, indication, portent ② 10^12, 1,000,000,000,000, trillion (American), (obs) billion (British)
内臓 【ないぞう】internal organs, intestines, viscera
符号 【ふごう】sign, mark, symbol, code
了 【りょう】finish, completion, understanding
付き 【つき】① furnished with, including ② attached to ③ impression, appearance ④ luck ⑤ sociality ⑥ under, assistant (e.g. to a manager) ⑦ soup base
埋まる 【うずまる】to be buried, to be surrounded, to overflow, to be filled
兆し 【きざし】signs, omen, symptoms
仕掛け 【しかけ】device, contrivance, trick, mechanism, gadget, (small) scale, half finished, commencement, set up, challenge, attack
損なう 【そこなう】to harm, to hurt, to injure, to damage, to fail in doing
割り当て 【わりあて】① allotment, assignment, allocation, quota, rationing ② binding
頼み 【たのみ】request, favor, favour, reliance, dependence
明白 【めいはく】obvious, clear, plain, evident, apparent, explicit, overt
忠実 【ちゅうじつ】① faithful, loyal, devoted ② hardworking, painstaking, diligent ③ healthy, fit
悪 【あく】evil, wickedness
悪化 【あっか】(suffer) deterioration, growing worse, aggravation, degeneration, corruption
圧倒 【あっとう】overwhelm, overpower, overwhelming
圧迫 【あっぱく】pressure, coercion, oppression
圧力 【あつりょく】stress, pressure
扱い 【あつかい】treatment, service
暗殺 【あんさつ】assassination
依然 【いぜん】still, as yet, as it has been
委託 【いたく】consign (goods (for sale) to a firm), entrust (person with something), commit
意図 【いと】intention, aim, design
意地 【いじ】disposition, spirit, willpower, obstinacy, backbone, appetite
異議 【いぎ】objection, dissent, protest
異動 【いどう】change
異論 【いろん】different opinion, objection
移行 【いこう】switching over to, migration
移住 【いじゅう】migration, immigration
移民 【いみん】① emigration, immigration ② emigrant, immigrant
衣装 【いしょう】clothing, costume, outfit, garment, dress
衣料 【いりょう】clothing
遺跡 【いせき】historic ruins (remains, relics)
医院 【いいん】doctor's office (surgery), clinic, dispensary
育ち 【そだち】breeding, growth
一括 【いっかつ】all together, batch, one lump, one bundle, summing up
一切 【いっさい】all, everything, without exception, the whole, entirely, absolutely
一帯 【いったい】region, zone, whole place
一変 【いっぺん】complete change, about-face
一律 【いちりつ】evenness, uniformity, monotony, equality
一連 【いちれん】① series, chain, sequence ② two reams (i.e. 1000 sheets of paper) ③ verse, stanza
印鑑 【いんかん】stamp, seal
渦 【うず】swirl
運営 【うんえい】management, administration, operation
運賃 【うんちん】freight rates, shipping expenses, fare
運搬 【うんぱん】transport, carriage
運輸 【うんゆ】transportation
運用 【うんよう】making use of, application, investment, practical use
映像 【えいぞう】reflection, image, picture (e.g. on a television), shot, clip
栄える 【さかえる】to prosper, to flourish
英雄 【えいゆう】hero, great man
衛生 【えいせい】health, hygiene, sanitation, medical
沿岸 【えんがん】coast, shore, littoral
沿線 【えんせん】along railway line
演出 【えんしゅつ】production (e.g. play), direction
縁 【えん】① fate, destiny (esp. as a mysterious force that binds two people together) ② relationship (e.g. between two people), bond, link, connection ③ family ties, affinity ④ opportunity, chance (to meet someone and start a relationship) ⑤ pratyaya (indirect conditions, as opposed to direct causes) ⑥ narrow open-air veranda
鉛 【なまり】lead (the metal)
応急 【おうきゅう】emergency, first-aid
黄金 【おうごん】gold
下痢 【げり】diarrhoea, diarrhea
化合 【かごう】chemical combination
化石 【かせき】fossil, petrifaction, fossilization, fossilisation
何より 【なにより】most, best, above all
加工 【かこう】manufacturing, processing, treatment, machining
加入 【かにゅう】becoming a member, joining, entry, admission, subscription, affiliation, adherence, signing
加味 【かみ】① seasoning, flavoring, flavouring ② taking (something) into consideration, taking into account
家計 【かけい】household economy, family finances
家畜 【かちく】domestic animals, livestock, cattle
果て 【はて】the end, the extremity, the limit, the limits, the result
河川 【かせん】rivers
火星 【かせい】Mars (planet)
花粉 【かふん】pollen
荷 【に】① load, baggage, cargo, freight, goods ② burden, responsibility
課題 【かだい】subject, theme, task, challenge, issue, matter
過ち 【あやまち】fault, error, indiscretion, faux pas
過疎 【かそ】depopulation
介護 【かいご】nursing
介入 【かいにゅう】intervention
会見 【かいけん】interview, audience
会談 【かいだん】conversation, conference, discussion, interview
解ける 【ほどける】to come untied, to come apart
解除 【かいじょ】cancellation, rescinding, release, calling off, lifting (sanctions), delisting
解剖 【かいぼう】① dissection, autopsy ② analysis
回収 【かいしゅう】collection, recovery, withdrawal, retrieval
回路 【かいろ】circuit (electric)
改革 【かいかく】reform, reformation, innovation
改修 【かいしゅう】repair, improvement
改定 【かいてい】reform
改良 【かいりょう】improvement, reform
海峡 【かいきょう】channel (e.g. between two land masses), strait
開催 【かいさい】holding a meeting, open an exhibition
開拓 【かいたく】① reclamation (of wasteland), cultivation ② pioneering, pathfinding, trail-blazing
開発 【かいはつ】development, exploitation
階級 【かいきゅう】class, rank, grade
階層 【かいそう】class, level, stratum, layer, hierarchy
外貨 【がいか】① foreign currency, foreign money, foreign exchange ② foreign goods, imported goods
外観 【がいかん】appearance, exterior, facade
外相 【がいしょう】Foreign Minister
外来 【がいらい】① external origin, imported ② outpatient
概念 【がいねん】general idea, concept, notion
街頭 【がいとう】in the street
街道 【かいどう】highway (esp. one existing from the Edo period), main road
各種 【かくしゅ】every kind, all sorts
拡散 【かくさん】scattering, diffusion, spread (e.g. signal across the spectrum)
格差 【かくさ】qualitative difference, disparity
核 【かく】① pit (of a fruit), stone ② core ③ nucleus, nuclear ④ nuclear weaponry
核心 【かくしん】kernel, core
獲得 【かくとく】acquisition, possession
確定 【かくてい】① decision, settlement ② definition
確保 【かくほ】guarantee, maintain, ensure, insure, secure, reservation
確立 【かくりつ】① establishment, settlement ② to establish, to settle
革新 【かくしん】reform, innovation
革命 【かくめい】① revolution ② 58th year of the sexagenary cycle (in onmyou-dou)
学芸 【がくげい】arts and sciences, liberal arts
学歴 【がくれき】academic background
楽観 【らっかん】optimism
楽譜 【がくふ】score (music)
活発 【かっぱつ】vigor, vigour, active, lively
叶う 【かなう】to come true (wish)
叶える 【かなえる】to grant (request, wish)
株式 【かぶしき】stock (company)
刊行 【かんこう】publication, issue
勧告 【かんこく】advice, counsel, remonstrance, recommendation
勧誘 【かんゆう】invitation, solicitation, canvassing, canvasing, inducement, persuasion, encouragement
耐える 【たえる】① to bear, to stand, to endure, to put up with ② to support, to withstand, to resist, to brave ③ to be fit for, to be equal to
堪える 【たえる】① to bear, to stand, to endure, to put up with ② to support, to withstand, to resist, to brave ③ to be fit for, to be equal to
官僚 【かんりょう】bureaucrat, bureaucracy
寛容 【かんよう】forbearance, tolerance, generosity
干渉 【かんしょう】interference, intervention
幹線 【かんせん】main line, trunk line
幹部 【かんぶ】management, (executive) staff, leaders, leadership, top brass, upper echelons
感慨 【かんがい】strong feelings, deep emotion
感触 【かんしょく】sense of touch, feeling, sensation, texture (of food while chewing)
感染 【かんせん】infection, contagion
慣行 【かんこう】customary practice, customary practise, habit, traditional event
慣習 【かんしゅう】usual (historical) custom
換算 【かんさん】conversion (e.g. yen to dollars), change, exchange, translation (numerical)
歓声 【かんせい】cheer, shout of joy
監視 【かんし】observation, guarding, inspection, surveillance
看護 【かんご】nursing, (army) nurse
簡易 【かんい】simplicity, convenience, easiness, quasi-
簡素 【かんそ】simplicity, plain
緩める 【ゆるめる】to loosen, to slow down
緩やか 【ゆるやか】① loose, slack ② gentle, easy, slow ③ lenient, liberal, lax
緩和 【かんわ】relief, mitigation, alleviation, relaxation, softening
観 【かん】① look, appearance ② spectacle, sight ③ observation meditation ④ outlook on ..., view of ...
観点 【かんてん】point of view
貫く 【つらぬく】to go through
還元 【かんげん】resolution, reduction, return to origins
関税 【かんぜい】customs, duty, tariff
関与 【かんよ】participation, taking part in, participating in, being concerned in
頑固 【がんこ】stubbornness, obstinacy
企画 【きかく】planning, project, plan, design
危機 【きき】crisis
喜劇 【きげき】comedy, funny show
基金 【ききん】fund, foundation
既婚 【きこん】marriage, married
期日 【きじつ】fixed date, settlement date
機構 【きこう】mechanism, organization, organisation
気軽 【きがる】① carefree, buoyant, lighthearted, sprightly ② ease
気質 【きしつ】spirit, character, trait, temperament, turn of mind, disposition
気象 【きしょう】weather, climate
祈り 【いのり】prayer, supplication
規格 【きかく】standard, norm
規制 【きせい】regulation, (traffic) policing, control, restriction
規定 【きてい】regulation, provisions
規模 【きぼ】scale, scope, plan, structure
規約 【きやく】agreement, rules, code, protocol, convention
記す 【しるす】① to write down, to note ② to remember
記載 【きさい】record, statement, description, mention, listing, registration, booking, entry
記述 【きじゅつ】description, descriptor
貴族 【きぞく】noble, aristocrat
起点 【きてん】starting point, origin
軌道 【きどう】① orbit, trajectory ② railroad track
偽造 【ぎぞう】forgery, falsification, fabrication, counterfeiting
戯曲 【ぎきょく】play, drama
技 【わざ】technique, art
技能 【ぎのう】technical skill, ability, capacity
犠牲 【ぎせい】victim, sacrifice, scapegoat
疑惑 【ぎわく】doubt, misgivings, distrust, suspicion
義理 【ぎり】duty, sense of duty, honor, honour, decency, courtesy, debt of gratitude, social obligation
議案 【ぎあん】① legislative bill, measure ② agenda item
議決 【ぎけつ】resolution, decision, vote
議題 【ぎだい】topic of discussion, agenda
客観 【きゃっかん】object (as opposed to subject)
脚本 【きゃくほん】script, screenplay, scenario
逆転 【ぎゃくてん】(sudden) change, reversal, turn-around, coming from behind (baseball)
休める 【やすめる】to rest, to suspend, to give relief
及ぶ 【およぶ】① to reach, to amount to, to befall, to happen to, to extend ② to be up to the task, to come up to ③ to compare with, to be a match (for) ④ to commit (a crime) ⑤ to require (to do) (usu. used in the negative)
宮殿 【きゅうでん】palace
弓 【ゆみ】bow (and arrow)
救い 【すくい】help, aid, relief, salvation
救援 【きゅうえん】relief, rescue, reinforcement
救済 【きゅうさい】relief, aid, rescue, salvation, help
究極 【きゅうきょく】ultimate, extreme, final, eventual
給食 【きゅうしょく】school lunch, providing a meal
居住 【きょじゅう】residence
拒否 【きょひ】denial, veto, rejection, refusal
許容 【きょよう】permission, pardon
距離 【きょり】distance, range
漁船 【ぎょせん】fishing boat
享受 【きょうじゅ】reception, acceptance, enjoyment, being given
共感 【きょうかん】sympathy, empathy, response
協会 【きょうかい】association, society, organization, organisation
協議 【きょうぎ】conference, consultation, discussion, negotiation
協調 【きょうちょう】① cooperation, conciliation, harmony ② firm (market) tone
協定 【きょうてい】arrangement, pact, agreement
強める 【つよめる】to strengthen, to emphasize, to emphasise
強硬 【きょうこう】firm, vigorous, unbending, unyielding, strong, stubborn
強行 【きょうこう】① forcing, enforcement ② forced, enforced
強制 【きょうせい】obligation, coercion, compulsion, enforcement
強烈 【きょうれつ】strong, intense, severe
教え 【おしえ】teachings, precept, lesson, doctrine
教科 【きょうか】subject, curriculum
教訓 【きょうくん】lesson, precept, moral instruction
教材 【きょうざい】teaching materials
脅迫 【きょうはく】threat, menace, coercion, terrorism
郷土 【きょうど】native place, birth-place, one's old home
驚き 【おどろき】surprise, astonishment, wonder
驚異 【きょうい】wonder, miracle
業者 【ぎょうしゃ】① trader, merchant ② manufacturer, contractor
業績 【ぎょうせき】achievement, performance, results, work, contribution
業務 【ぎょうむ】business, affairs, duties, work, procedure, task, action, function
極めて 【きわめて】exceedingly, extremely, decisively
極端 【きょくたん】extreme, extremity
勤務 【きんむ】service, duty, work
勤労 【きんろう】labor, labour, exertion, diligent service
均衡 【きんこう】equilibrium, balance
緊急 【きんきゅう】urgent, pressing, emergency
近郊 【きんこう】suburbs, outskirts
区 【く】ward, district, section
区間 【くかん】section (of track, etc.), segment, dimension
区切り 【くぎり】① punctuation, pause, juncture ② end, (place to) stop
空間 【くうかん】space, room, airspace
群 【ぐん】① group (of animals) ② group
軍事 【ぐんじ】military affairs
軍備 【ぐんび】armaments, military preparations
傾ける 【かたむける】to incline, to list, to bend, to lean, to tip, to tilt, to slant, to concentrate on, to ruin (a country), to squander, to empty
傾斜 【けいしゃ】inclination, slant, slope, bevel, list, dip
刑 【けい】penalty, sentence, punishment
契機 【けいき】opportunity, chance
形成 【けいせい】formation, molding, taking form
形態 【けいたい】form, shape, figure
掲げる 【かかげる】① to publish, to print, to carry (an article) ② to put up, to hang out, to hoist, to fly (a sail), to float (a flag), to tout ③ to set forth (provision)
掲載 【けいさい】① publication (e.g. article in paper), appearance, insertion ② to insert (e.g. an article), to run (e.g. in a newspaper)
携帯 【けいたい】something carried (in the hand), handheld
系 【けい】① system, lineage, group ② corollary ③ (geological) system (range of strata that correspond to a particular time period) ④ (taxonomical) series
経る 【へる】to pass, to elapse, to experience
経緯 【けいい】① details, whole story, sequence of events, chronology, particulars, how it started, how things got this way ② complications, position
経過 【けいか】passage, expiration, progress, transition
経費 【けいひ】expenses, cost, outlay
経歴 【けいれき】personal history, career
経路 【けいろ】① course, route, path, channel ② process, means
茎 【くき】stalk
警戒 【けいかい】① vigilance, precaution, watch, lookout, alertness ② to be vigilant, to be cautious, to guard (against)
軽減 【けいげん】abatement, reduction
劇団 【げきだん】troupe, theatrical company
激励 【げきれい】encouragement
欠く 【かく】to lack, to break, to crack, to chip
決意 【けつい】decision, determination
決議 【けつぎ】resolution, vote, decision
決算 【けっさん】balance sheet, settlement of accounts, reporting (of accounts)
決勝 【けっしょう】decision of a contest, finals (in sports)
決断 【けつだん】decision, determination
結核 【けっかく】tuberculosis, tubercule
結晶 【けっしょう】crystal, crystallization, crystallisation
結成 【けっせい】formation, combination
結束 【けっそく】union, unity
血管 【けっかん】blood vessel
健全 【けんぜん】health, soundness, wholesome
圏 【けん】① sphere, circle, range ② category (only in the context of "category theory")
検事 【けんじ】public prosecutor
権威 【けんい】authority, power, influence
権限 【けんげん】power, authority, jurisdiction
権力 【けんりょく】(political) power, authority, influence
見地 【けんち】point of view
基 【もと】base, foundation
元年 【がんねん】first year (of a specific reign)
原型 【げんけい】prototype, model, pattern, archetypal
原作 【げんさく】original work
原子 【げんし】atom
原則 【げんそく】principle, general rule
原点 【げんてん】origin (coordinates), starting point
原爆 【げんばく】atomic bomb, A-bomb
原油 【げんゆ】crude oil
厳密 【げんみつ】strict, close
減少 【げんしょう】decrease, reduction, decline
源 【みなもと】source, origin
現行 【げんこう】present, current, in operation
現地 【げんち】actual place, local
言論 【げんろん】(one's) speech, expression of views, discussion
限定 【げんてい】limit, restriction
個性 【こせい】individuality, personality, idiosyncrasy
個別 【こべつ】particular case, discrete, individual, separate
古代 【こだい】ancient times
固める 【かためる】to harden, to freeze, to fortify
固定 【こてい】fixation, fixing (e.g. salary, capital)
固有 【こゆう】characteristic, tradition, peculiar, inherent, native, eigen-
孤児 【こじ】orphan
孤独 【こどく】isolation, loneliness, solitude
孤立 【こりつ】isolation, helplessness
戸籍 【こせき】census, family register
故 【こ】the late (deceased)
故人 【こじん】the deceased, old friend
後退 【こうたい】① retreat ② backspace, BS
護衛 【ごえい】guard, convoy, escort
交互 【こうご】mutual, reciprocal, alternate
交渉 【こうしょう】① negotiations, discussions ② connection
交付 【こうふ】delivering, handing over, furnishing (e.g. with copies), issuance, issuing
公 【おおやけ】official, public, formal, open, governmental
公演 【こうえん】① public performance ② sumo exhibition in a foreign country
公然 【こうぜん】open (e.g. secret), public, official, overt
公団 【こうだん】public corporation
公認 【こうにん】official recognition, authorization, authorisation, licence, license, accreditation
公募 【こうぼ】public appeal (e.g. for contributions), public offering (of securities), public advertisement (of a post)
公用 【こうよう】① government business, official business ② public, official, governmental
公立 【こうりつ】public (institution)
効率 【こうりつ】efficiency, efficacy, performance, utility factor
口頭 【こうとう】oral
向上 【こうじょう】elevation, rise, improvement, advancement, progress
いい加減 【いいかげん】① irresponsible, perfunctory, careless ② lukewarm, half-baked, halfhearted, vague ③ reasonable, moderate (usu. in suggestions or orders) ④ considerably, quite, rather, pretty
好ましい 【このましい】nice, likeable, desirable
好意 【こうい】good will, favor, favour, courtesy
好調 【こうちょう】favourable, favorable, promising, satisfactory, in good shape
好評 【こうひょう】popularity, favorable reputation, favourable reputation
工学 【こうがく】engineering
工作 【こうさく】work, construction, handicraft, maneuvering, manoeuvering
巧み 【たくみ】skill, cleverness
巧妙 【こうみょう】ingenious, skillful, clever, deft
抗議 【こうぎ】protest, objection
拘束 【こうそく】restriction, restraint, binding
控える 【ひかえる】① to be temperate in, to restrain oneself from excessive ... ② to make notes ③ to hold back ④ to be in preparation for, to be in waiting for ⑤ to be soon, to be in the offing ⑥ to be in a close relationship (e.g. as a backer, etc.)
控除 【こうじょ】subtraction, deduction (e.g. tax), subsidy
構える 【かまえる】① to set up (e.g. a building) ② to prepare in advance (e.g. a meal), to prepare to use something (e.g. a camera) ③ to plan, to scheme ④ to fabricate in order to deceive ⑤ to stiffen, to become formal
構想 【こうそう】plan, plot, idea, conception
洪水 【こうずい】flood
耕作 【こうさく】cultivation, farming
考古学 【こうこがく】archaeology, archeology
航海 【こうかい】sail, voyage
行為 【こうい】act, deed, conduct
行進 【こうしん】march, parade
行政 【ぎょうせい】administration
講習 【こうしゅう】short course, training
購入 【こうにゅう】purchase, buy
鉱業 【こうぎょう】mining industry
鉱山 【こうざん】mine (ore)
高まる 【たかまる】to rise, to swell, to be promoted
高原 【こうげん】tableland, plateau
合意 【ごうい】agreement, consent, mutual understanding
合間 【あいま】interval
合唱 【がっしょう】chorus, singing in a chorus
合成 【ごうせい】synthesis, composition, synthetic, composite, mixed, combined, compound
合致 【がっち】agreement, concurrence, conformance, compliance
国交 【こっこう】diplomatic relations
国産 【こくさん】domestic products
国防 【こくぼう】national defence, national defense
国有 【こくゆう】national ownership
国連 【こくれん】UN, United Nations
黒字 【くろじ】balance (figure) in the black
込める 【こめる】to include, to put into
昆虫 【こんちゅう】insect, bug
根拠 【こんきょ】basis, foundation
根本 【こんぽん】root, source, origin, foundation, base, principle
根底 【こんてい】root, basis, foundation
差額 【さがく】balance, difference, margin
詐欺 【さぎ】fraud, swindle, graft
再会 【さいかい】another meeting, meeting again, reunion
再建 【さいけん】rebuilding, reconstruction, rehabilitation
再現 【さいげん】reappearance, reproduction, return, revival
再生 【さいせい】playback, regeneration, resuscitation, return to life, rebirth, reincarnation, refresh, narrow escape, reclamation, regrowth
再発 【さいはつ】return, relapse, reoccurrence
最善 【さいぜん】the very best
採決 【さいけつ】vote, roll call
採算 【さいさん】profit
採択 【さいたく】adoption, selection, choice
採用 【さいよう】① use, adoption, acceptance ② appointment, employment, engagement
栽培 【さいばい】cultivation
災害 【さいがい】calamity, disaster, misfortune
細菌 【さいきん】bacillus, bacterium, germ
細胞 【さいぼう】cell (biology)
裁く 【さばく】to judge
在庫 【ざいこ】inventory, stock, stockpile
財 【ざい】① fortune, riches ② goods
財源 【ざいげん】source of funds, resources, finances
財政 【ざいせい】financial affairs, public finance
作 【さく】a work, a harvest
作戦 【さくせん】① tactics, strategy ② military or naval operations
作用 【さよう】action, operation, effect, function
削減 【さくげん】cut, reduction, curtailment
策 【さく】plan, policy
雑貨 【ざっか】miscellaneous goods, general goods, sundries
参議院 【さんぎいん】House of Councillors
参照 【さんしょう】reference, bibliographical reference, consultation, browsing (e.g. when selecting a file to upload on a computer), checking out
山岳 【さんがく】mountains
産物 【さんぶつ】product, result, fruit
酸 【さん】① acid ② sourness, sour taste
酸化 【さんか】oxidation
残高 【ざんだか】(bank) balance, remainder
残酷 【ざんこく】cruelty, harshness
仕上がり 【しあがり】finish, end, completion
仕様 【しよう】① way, method, means, resource, remedy ② (technical) specification
使命 【しめい】mission, errand, message
司法 【しほう】administration of justice
始末 【しまつ】① management, dealing, settlement ② cleaning up, getting rid of ③ end result (usu. bad)
志 【こころざし】will, intention, motive
志向 【しこう】intention, aim
志望 【しぼう】wish, desire, ambition
思考 【しこう】thought, consideration, thinking
指揮 【しき】command, direction
指摘 【してき】pointing out, identification
指令 【しれい】orders, instructions, directive, command
支持 【しじ】support, maintenance
施設 【しせつ】① institution, establishment, facility ② (army) engineer
死刑 【しけい】death penalty, capital punishment
脂肪 【しぼう】fat, grease, blubber
視覚 【しかく】sense of sight, vision
視察 【しさつ】inspection, observation
視点 【してん】opinion, point of view, visual point
視野 【しや】field of vision, outlook
資格 【しかく】qualifications, requirements, capabilities
資金 【しきん】funds, capital
資産 【しさん】property, fortune, means, assets
賜る 【たまわる】to be given, to be granted, to be honored with, to be honoured with
雌 【めす】female (animal)
飼育 【しいく】breeding, raising, rearing
歯科 【しか】dentistry
事項 【じこう】matter, item, facts
事前 【じぜん】prior, beforehand, in advance
事柄 【ことがら】matter, thing, affair, circumstance
持続 【じぞく】continuation
時差 【じさ】time difference
治安 【ちあん】public order
治療 【ちりょう】medical treatment, cure
磁気 【じき】magnetism
自覚 【じかく】self-consciousness, self-awareness
自己 【じこ】self, oneself
自在 【じざい】freely, at will
自主 【じしゅ】independence, autonomy
自立 【じりつ】independence, self-reliance
辞職 【じしょく】resignation
辞退 【じたい】declining, refusal, nonacceptance, turning down, withdrawal (e.g. candidacy), pulling out (e.g. race), excusing oneself
軸 【じく】axis, stem, shaft, axle
質疑 【しつぎ】① question ② interpellation
実家 【じっか】(one's parents') home
実践 【じっせん】practice, practise, put into practice, put into practise
実態 【じったい】true state, actual condition, reality
芝 【しば】lawn, sod, turf
斜面 【しゃめん】slope, slanting surface, bevel
若干 【じゃっかん】some, few, number of
弱 【じゃく】weakness, the weak, little less than
主 【ぬし】① head (of a household, etc.), leader, master ② owner, proprietor, proprietress ③ subject (of a rumour, etc.), doer (of a deed) ④ guardian spirit (e.g. long-resident beast, usu. with mystical powers), long-time resident (or employee, etc.) ⑤ husband ⑥ you
主演 【しゅえん】starring, playing the leading part
主権 【しゅけん】sovereignty, supremacy, dominion
主催 【しゅさい】organization, organisation, sponsorship
主食 【しゅしょく】staple food
主人公 【しゅじんこう】① protagonist, main character, hero(ine) (of a story) ② head of household
主体 【しゅたい】① main constituent, core, nucleus ② subject (philosophical), protagonist
主題 【しゅだい】subject, theme, motif
主導 【しゅどう】main leadership
主任 【しゅにん】person in charge, responsible official, senior staff
取り巻く 【とりまく】to surround, to circle, to enclose
取り除く 【とりのぞく】to remove, to deinstall, to take away, to set apart
取り付ける 【とりつける】to furnish, to install, to get someone's agreement
取材 【しゅざい】collecting data (e.g. for a newspaper article), covering an event
守備 【しゅび】defense, defence
手軽 【てがる】easy, simple, informal, offhand, cheap
手元 【てもと】① (money) on hand or at home, one's purse (handbag) ② usual skill
手順 【てじゅん】process, procedure, sequence, protocol, instruction
手法 【しゅほう】technique
狩り 【かり】hunting
趣 【おもむき】① meaning, tenor, gist ② effect, influence ③ appearance, aspect ④ taste ⑤ grace, charm, refinement
趣旨 【しゅし】① object, intent, aim ② meaning, point (e.g. of a statement)
首脳 【しゅのう】head, brains, leading spirit
受け止める 【うけとめる】to catch, to stop the blow, to react to, to take
受け入れ 【うけいれ】receiving, acceptance
樹木 【じゅもく】trees and shrubs, arbour, arbor
樹立 【じゅりつ】establish, create
収益 【しゅうえき】earnings, proceeds, returns, revenue
収支 【しゅうし】income and expenditure
収容 【しゅうよう】① accommodation, reception, housing ② seating ③ custody ④ admission ⑤ entering (in a dictionary)
周期 【しゅうき】cycle, period
就業 【しゅうぎょう】employment, starting work
修了 【しゅうりょう】completion (of a course)
終始 【しゅうし】① beginning and end, from beginning to end, doing a thing from beginning to end ② consistently, the whole time
衆議院 【しゅうぎいん】lower house, House of Representatives
襲う 【おそう】① to attack, to assail, to make an assault, to strike, to hunt down ② to succeed (someone in a post, role, etc.) ③ to make a sudden visit
襲撃 【しゅうげき】attack, charge, raid
集計 【しゅうけい】totalization, totalisation, aggregation, tally (e.g. votes)
住 【じゅう】dwelling, living
充実 【じゅうじつ】① fullness, completion, perfection, substantiality, enrichment ② replenishment, repletion
従事 【じゅうじ】engaging, pursuing, following (e.g. profession or occupation)
従来 【じゅうらい】up to now, so far, traditional, existing (e.g. equipment)
柔軟 【じゅうなん】flexible, lithe, soft, pliable
宿命 【しゅくめい】fate, destiny, predestination
塾 【じゅく】coaching school, cramming school, juku
出演 【しゅつえん】① performance, stage appearance ② to act (in a play)
出血 【しゅっけつ】bleeding, haemorrhage, hemorrhage
出現 【しゅつげん】appearance, arrival, make one's appearance
出産 【しゅっさん】(child)birth, delivery, production (of goods)
出世 【しゅっせ】promotion, successful career, eminence
出動 【しゅつどう】sailing, marching, going out, dispatch
出費 【しゅっぴ】expenses, disbursements
出品 【しゅっぴん】exhibit, display
盾 【たて】shield, buckler, escutcheon, pretext
処置 【しょち】treatment, measure, step
処罰 【しょばつ】punishment
処分 【しょぶん】disposal, dealing, punishment
所在 【しょざい】whereabouts
所持 【しょじ】possession, owning
所属 【しょぞく】attached to, belong to, member
所定 【しょてい】fixed, prescribed, certain, given
所得 【しょとく】income, earnings
所有 【しょゆう】one's possessions, ownership
庶民 【しょみん】masses, common people
書評 【しょひょう】book review
諸君 【しょくん】Gentlemen!, Ladies!
女史 【じょし】① Ms (nuance of status), Miss, Madame ② highbrow (woman), cerebral
除外 【じょがい】exception, exclusion
勝手 【かって】① one's own convenience, one's way ② convenience or ease of use, knowledge of how to use ③ circumstances, situation (e.g. financial), environment ④ kitchen ⑤ arbitrary
勝利 【しょうり】victory, triumph, conquest, success, win
奨励 【しょうれい】encouragement, promotion, message, address, inducement, incitement, stimulation
小児科 【しょうにか】pediatrics
小切手 【こぎって】cheque, check
小柄 【こがら】short (build)
承諾 【しょうだく】consent, acquiescence, agreement
昇進 【しょうしん】promotion
沼 【ぬま】swamp, bog, pond, lake
照明 【しょうめい】illumination
症 【しょう】illness
衝撃 【しょうげき】shock, crash, impact, ballistic
証拠 【しょうこ】evidence, proof
証言 【しょうげん】evidence, testimony
証人 【しょうにん】witness
詳細 【しょうさい】detail, particulars
象徴 【しょうちょう】symbol
障る 【さわる】to hinder, to interfere with, to affect, to do one harm, to be harmful to
上がり 【あがり】① ascent, rise, slope ② freshly-drawn green tea (esp. in sushi shops) ③ advance income, crop yield ④ death, spinning, completion, stop, finish ⑤ after (rain), ex (official, etc.) ⑥ (end) results (e.g. of crafts like painting, pottery, etc.), how something comes out
上位 【じょうい】① superior (rank not class) ② higher order (e.g. byte) ③ host computer (of connected device)
上演 【じょうえん】performance (e.g. music, theatre, opera), staging
上空 【じょうくう】sky, the skies, high-altitude sky, upper air
上昇 【じょうしょう】rising, ascending, climbing
上陸 【じょうりく】landing, disembarkation
丈 【たけ】height, stature, length, measure, all (one has)
情 【じょう】feelings, emotion, passion
情勢 【じょうせい】state of things, state of affairs, condition, situation, circumstances
情熱 【じょうねつ】passion, enthusiasm, zeal
条約 【じょうやく】treaty, pact
譲歩 【じょうほ】concession, conciliation, compromise
職員 【しょくいん】staff member, personnel
職務 【しょくむ】professional duties
色彩 【しきさい】colour, color, hue, tints
信者 【しんじゃ】believer, adherent, devotee
審議 【しんぎ】deliberation
審査 【しんさ】judging, inspection, examination, investigation
心情 【しんじょう】sentiment, emotions, one's feelings, one's heart
心地 【ここち】① feeling, sensation, mood ② sensation of doing (usu. after -masu stem of verb)
心中 【しんじゅう】double suicide, lovers suicide
振り返る 【ふりかえる】to turn head, to look over one's shoulder, to turn around, to look back
振興 【しんこう】promotion, encouragement
振動 【しんどう】oscillation, vibration
新興 【しんこう】rising, developing, emergent
新婚 【しんこん】newly-wed
新人 【しんじん】① new face, newcomer ② modern humans (from Cro-Magnon man onwards)
新築 【しんちく】new building, new construction
新入生 【しんにゅうせい】freshman, first-year student
深める 【ふかめる】to deepen, to heighten, to intensify
申告 【しんこく】report, statement, filing a return, notification
真珠 【しんじゅ】pearl
真相 【しんそう】truth, real situation
真理 【しんり】truth
紳士 【しんし】gentleman
親しむ 【したしむ】to be intimate with, to befriend
親善 【しんぜん】friendship
診療 【しんりょう】medical examination and treatment, diagnosis
身の回り 【みのまわり】one's personal belongings, one's vicinity, one's daily life, everyday necessities
進化 【しんか】evolution, progress
進行 【しんこう】advance, progress
進出 【しんしゅつ】advance, step forward
進展 【しんてん】progress, development
人格 【じんかく】personality, character, individuality
人材 【じんざい】man of talent, capable person, talented person
人質 【ひとじち】hostage, prisoner
人体 【じんたい】human body
人柄 【ひとがら】personality, character, personal appearance, gentility
人民 【じんみん】people, public
迅速 【じんそく】quick, fast, rapid, swift, prompt, streamlined, expedited, expeditious
推進 【すいしん】① propulsion, driving force ② implementation, promotion (e.g. of a government policy)
水田 【すいでん】(water-filled) paddy field
世帯 【せたい】household, home, family, housekeeping
世代 【せだい】generation, the world, the age
是正 【ぜせい】correction, revision
制 【せい】system, organization, organisation, imperial command, laws, regulation, control, government, suppression, restraint, holding back, establishment
制裁 【せいさい】restraint, sanctions, punishment
制定 【せいてい】enactment, establishment, creation
制服 【せいふく】uniform
制約 【せいやく】limitation, restriction, condition, constraints
勢力 【せいりょく】influence, power, might, strength, potency, force, energy
成り立つ 【なりたつ】① to consist of ② to be practical (logical, feasible, viable), to be concluded, to hold true
成果 【せいか】results, fruits
成熟 【せいじゅく】maturity, ripeness
政権 【せいけん】(political) administration, political power
政策 【せいさく】political measures, policy
整える 【ととのえる】① to put in order, to arrange, to adjust ② to get ready, to prepare ③ to raise money
正解 【せいかい】correct, right, correct interpretation (answer, solution)
正規 【せいき】regular, normal, legal, formal, established, legitimate
正義 【せいぎ】justice, right, righteousness, correct meaning
正常 【せいじょう】normalcy, normality, normal
正体 【しょうたい】natural shape, one's true colors, one's true colours, true character, consciousness, senses
正当 【せいとう】just, justifiable, right, due, proper, equitable, reasonable, legitimate, legal, lawful
生涯 【しょうがい】one's lifetime (i.e. one's existence until death), one's career
盛る 【もる】① to serve (food, etc.) ② to fill up ③ to prescribe
精密 【せいみつ】precise, exact, detailed, minute, close
聖書 【せいしょ】Bible, scriptures
声明 【せいめい】declaration, statement, proclamation
誠実 【せいじつ】sincere, honest, faithful
青春 【せいしゅん】youth, springtime of life, adolescent
静止 【せいし】stillness, repose, standing still
税務署 【ぜいむしょ】tax office
責務 【せきむ】duty, obligation
赤字 【あかじ】① deficit, (being in or going into) the red ② red text, red letters
切ない 【せつない】① painful, heartrending, trying ② oppressive, suffocating, miserable
切実 【せつじつ】compelling, serious, severe, acute, earnest, pressing, urgent
接触 【せっしょく】touch, contact
折 【おり】chance, suitable time
設置 【せっち】establishment, institution
設定 【せってい】① establishment, creation ② options or preference settings (in computer software), configuration, assignment, setup
設立 【せつりつ】establishment, foundation, incorporation (of a business)
節 【せつ】① occasion, time ② section (of a literary work), verse, stanza ③ node (of a plant stem) ④ clause ⑤ (taxonomical) section
説く 【とく】to explain, to advocate, to preach, to persuade
仙 【せん】hermit, wizard
先行 【せんこう】preceding, going first, leading, going ahead, taking priority
先着 【せんちゃく】first arrival
占領 【せんりょう】occupation, capture, possession, have a room to oneself
宣言 【せんげん】declaration, proclamation, announcement
戦術 【せんじゅつ】tactics
戦闘 【せんとう】battle, fight, combat
戦力 【せんりょく】war potential
繊維 【せんい】fibre, fiber, textile
船舶 【せんぱく】ship
選挙 【せんきょ】election
選考 【せんこう】selection, screening
鮮やか 【あざやか】vivid, clear, brilliant
前提 【ぜんてい】preamble, premise, reason, prerequisite, condition, assumption, hypothesis, given
前例 【ぜんれい】precedent
措置 【そち】measure, measures, step
素材 【そざい】raw materials, subject matter
素朴 【そぼく】simplicity, artlessness, naivete
組み合わせる 【くみあわせる】to join together, to combine, to join up
組み込む 【くみこむ】to insert, to include, to cut in (printing)
訴訟 【そしょう】litigation, lawsuit
阻む 【はばむ】to keep someone from doing, to stop, to prevent, to check, to hinder, to obstruct, to oppose, to thwart
阻止 【そし】obstruction, check, hindrance, prevention, interdiction
僧 【そう】monk, priest
創刊 【そうかん】launching (e.g. newspaper), first issue
創造 【そうぞう】creation
創立 【そうりつ】establishment, founding, organization, organisation
壮大 【そうだい】magnificent, grand, majestic, splendid
捜査 【そうさ】search (esp. in criminal investigations), investigation, inquiry, enquiry
捜索 【そうさく】search (esp. for someone or something missing), investigation
操縦 【そうじゅう】① flying (a plane) ② management, handling, control, manipulation
争い 【あらそい】dispute, strife, quarrel, dissension, conflict, rivalry, contest
相応しい 【ふさわしい】appropriate
相場 【そうば】① market price ② speculation (e.g. on stocks) ③ reputation (according to conventional wisdom), estimation, esteem
相対 【そうたい】relative
総会 【そうかい】general meeting
装飾 【そうしょく】ornament
装備 【そうび】equipment
走行 【そうこう】running a wheeled vehicle (e.g. car), running to program, job, etc., traveling, travelling
送金 【そうきん】remittance, sending money
騒動 【そうどう】strife, riot, rebellion, turmoil
像 【ぞう】statue, image, figure, picture, portrait
増強 【ぞうきょう】augment, reinforce, increase
増進 【ぞうしん】promoting, increase, advance
促進 【そくしん】promotion, acceleration, encouragement, facilitation, spurring on
側面 【そくめん】side, flank, sidelight, lateral
速やか 【すみやか】speedy, prompt, smooth
存続 【そんぞく】duration, continuance
損失 【そんしつ】loss (e.g. assets or profits)
他方 【たほう】① one (esp. of two), the other, one way, the other way, one direction, the other direction, one side, the other side, one party, the other party ② on the other hand
多様 【たよう】diverse, varied
妥協 【だきょう】compromise, giving in
打開 【だかい】break in the deadlock
打撃 【だげき】① blow, shock, strike, damage ② batting (baseball)
体格 【たいかく】physique, constitution
体験 【たいけん】personal experience
体力 【たいりょく】physical strength
対応 【たいおう】① interaction, correspondence, coping with, dealing with, support ② software support, ability of a computer system to run specific software
対決 【たいけつ】confrontation, showdown
対抗 【たいこう】opposition, antagonism
対処 【たいしょ】deal with, cope
対談 【たいだん】talk, dialogue, conversation
対等 【たいとう】equivalent
対面 【たいめん】interview, meeting
対話 【たいわ】interactive, interaction, conversation, dialogue
待遇 【たいぐう】treatment, reception
待望 【たいぼう】① expectant waiting ② long-awaited
態勢 【たいせい】attitude, conditions, preparations
退職 【たいしょく】retirement (from office)
台本 【だいほん】script, libretto, scenario
大衆 【たいしゅう】general public
大胆 【だいたん】bold, daring, audacious
大幅 【おおはば】full width, large scale, drastic
大方 【おおかた】perhaps, almost all, majority
達成 【たっせい】achievement
脱出 【だっしゅつ】escape
脱退 【だったい】secession, retirement, withdrawal (e.g. from a lawsuit)
単一 【たんいつ】single, simple, sole, individual, unitary
単調 【たんちょう】monotony, monotone, dullness
単独 【たんどく】sole, independence, single, solo (flight)
嘆く 【なげく】to sigh, to lament, to grieve
炭素 【たんそ】carbon (C)
短歌 【たんか】tanka, 31-syllable Japanese poem
短縮 【たんしゅく】shortening, abbreviation, reduction
短大 【たんだい】junior college
団結 【だんけつ】unity, union, combination
弾力 【だんりょく】elasticity, flexibility
断言 【だんげん】assertion, declaration, affirmation
知的 【ちてき】intellectual
地形 【ちけい】terrain, geographical features, topography
地元 【じもと】① home area, home town ② local
地獄 【じごく】hell
地主 【じぬし】landlord, landowner
恥 【はじ】shame, embarrassment
築く 【きずく】to build, to pile up, to amass
畜産 【ちくさん】animal husbandry
蓄積 【ちくせき】accumulation, accumulate, store
秩序 【ちつじょ】order, regularity, system, method
着工 【ちゃっこう】start of (construction) work
着目 【ちゃくもく】attention
着陸 【ちゃくりく】landing, alighting, touch down
中継 【ちゅうけい】relay, hook-up
中枢 【ちゅうすう】centre, center, pivot, mainstay, nucleus, backbone, central figure, pillar, key man
中断 【ちゅうだん】interruption, suspension, break
中毒 【ちゅうどく】① poisoning ② addiction
中立 【ちゅうりつ】neutrality
抽選 【ちゅうせん】lottery, raffle, drawing (of lots)
著書 【ちょしょ】literary work, book
著名 【ちょめい】well-known, noted, celebrated
徴収 【ちょうしゅう】collection, levy
挑戦 【ちょうせん】challenge, defiance
潮 【しお】① tide, current ② salt water ③ opportunity
腸 【ちょう】guts, bowels, intestines
調べ 【しらべ】① investigation, inspection, examination ② tune, note, melody
調印 【ちょういん】signature, signing, sealing
調停 【ちょうてい】arbitration, conciliation, mediation
調理 【ちょうり】cooking, food preparation
調和 【ちょうわ】harmony
長官 【ちょうかん】secretary (government), director, chief
長編 【ちょうへん】long (e.g. novel, film)
直面 【ちょくめん】① confrontation ② to face, to confront, to encounter
沈黙 【ちんもく】silence, reticence
賃金 【ちんぎん】wages
津波 【つなみ】tsunami, tidal wave
墜落 【ついらく】falling, crashing
追い込む 【おいこむ】to herd, to corner, to drive
追及 【ついきゅう】① investigation (e.g. into someone's guilt), questioning, pressing, hounding, pinning down ② catching up, overtaking
追跡 【ついせき】pursuit, tracking (e.g. in computer graphics), keeping records on, tracing
追放 【ついほう】exile, banishment
痛感 【つうかん】feeling keenly, fully realizing
通常 【つうじょう】common, general, normal, usual
停滞 【ていたい】stagnation, tie-up, congestion, retention, accumulation, falling into arrears
堤防 【ていぼう】bank, weir
定める 【さだめる】to decide, to establish, to determine
定義 【ていぎ】definition
定年 【ていねん】retirement age
提供 【ていきょう】offer, tender, program sponsoring, programme sponsoring, furnishing, provisioning, supply
提携 【ていけい】cooperation, tie-up, joint business, link-up
提示 【ていじ】presentation, exhibit, suggest, citation
訂正 【ていせい】correction, revision, amendment
摘む 【つむ】to pluck, to pick, to trim
的 【まと】mark, target
適応 【てきおう】adaptation, accommodation, conformity
鉄鋼 【てっこう】iron and steel
天 【てん】① sky ② heaven ③ svarga (heaven-like realm visited as a stage of death and rebirth) ④ deva (divine being of Buddhism)
天井 【てんじょう】ceiling, ceiling price
天下 【てんか】the world, whole country, descent from heaven, having one's own way, the public, the ruling power
天国 【てんごく】paradise, heaven, Kingdom of Heaven
天体 【てんたい】heavenly body
展示 【てんじ】exhibition, display
展望 【てんぼう】view, outlook, prospect
転じる 【てんじる】to turn, to shift, to alter, to distract
転換 【てんかん】convert, divert
転勤 【てんきん】job transfer, job relocation, intra-company transfer
転落 【てんらく】fall, degradation, slump, spill
点検 【てんけん】inspection, examination, checking
伝説 【でんせつ】tradition, legend, folklore
伝達 【でんたつ】transmission (e.g. news), communication, delivery, conveyance, transfer, relay, propagation, conduction
田園 【でんえん】① country, rural districts ② cultivated land, fields
電源 【でんげん】① source of electricity, electrical power ② power (button on TV, etc.)
吐く 【つく】① to breathe ② to tell (lies) ③ to vomit, to disgorge
徒歩 【とほ】walking, going on foot
斗 【と】① square bearing block (at the top of a pillar) ② Chinese "Dipper" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
登校 【とうこう】attendance (at school), going to school
登録 【とうろく】registration, accession, register, entry, record
途上 【とじょう】① en route, half-way ② on the road, in the street
土台 【どだい】foundation, base, basis
土俵 【どひょう】① arena, esp. in sumo ② forum (e.g. for discussion) ③ sandbag, gabion
土木 【どぼく】public works
倒産 【とうさん】(corporate) bankruptcy, insolvency, commercial failure, failed business
投資 【とうし】investment
投入 【とうにゅう】① throwing (e.g. something into somewhere) ② investment, putting in (personnel, etc.) ③ release of a product ④ making (an electrical circuit)
棟 【とう】① large building ② counter for buildings, apartments, etc.
当て 【あて】object, aim, end, hopes, expectations
当選 【とうせん】① being elected ② being selected (to win a prize, etc.) ③ winning (in a lottery, raffle, etc.)
統合 【とうごう】① integration, unification, synthesis ② integrated, built-in
統治 【とうち】rule, reign, government, governing
統制 【とうせい】regulation, control
到達 【とうたつ】reaching, attaining, arrival
討議 【とうぎ】debate, discussion
討論 【とうろん】debate, discussion
踏まえる 【ふまえる】to be based on, to have origin in
逃走 【とうそう】flight, desertion, escape
逃亡 【とうぼう】escape, flight, running away, elopement, fleeing
陶器 【とうき】pottery, ceramics
動き 【うごき】movement, activity, trend, development, change
動員 【どういん】mobilization, mobilisation
動機 【どうき】motive, incentive, motif
動向 【どうこう】trend, tendency, movement, attitude
動揺 【どうよう】disturbance, unrest, shaking, trembling, pitching, rolling, oscillation, agitation, excitement, commotion
同居 【どうきょ】coexistence, living together
同士 【どうし】fellow, mutual, companion, comrade, bonding
同志 【どうし】same mind, comrade, kindred soul
同情 【どうじょう】sympathy, compassion, sympathize, sympathise, pity, feel for
同調 【どうちょう】sympathy, agreement with, alignment, conformity, tuning
導く 【みちびく】① to guide, to lead, to show the way, to conduct ② to derive, to deduce
導入 【どうにゅう】introduction, bringing in, leading in, installation
道場 【どうじょう】① dojo (hall used for martial arts training) ② manda (place of Buddhist practice or meditation, esp. the place under the bodhi tree where Buddha attained enlightenment)
得点 【とくてん】score, points made, marks obtained, runs
特許 【とっきょ】① patent, special permission, licence (license), concession, franchise, charter ② proprietary
特権 【とっけん】privilege, special right
特産 【とくさん】specialty, special product
特集 【とくしゅう】feature (e.g. newspaper), special edition, report
特有 【とくゆう】characteristic (of), peculiar (to)
独裁 【どくさい】dictatorship, despotism
独自 【どくじ】original, peculiar, characteristic, proprietary
独占 【どくせん】① monopoly ② to monopolize, to hog
突破 【とっぱ】breaking through, breakthrough, penetration
内閣 【ないかく】cabinet, (government) ministry
内緒 【ないしょ】① secrecy, confidentiality, privacy, secret ② one's circumstances (esp. fiscal) ③ inner realization, personal enlightenment ④ kitchen
内心 【ないしん】innermost thoughts, real intention, inmost heart, one's mind, in the heart
内蔵 【ないぞう】internal (e.g. disk), built-in, equipped (with)
内部 【ないぶ】interior, inside, internal
内訳 【うちわけ】the items, breakdown, classification
内陸 【ないりく】inland
難 【なん】difficulty, hardships, defect
肉体 【にくたい】the body, the flesh
日の丸 【ひのまる】① outline of the sun (esp. represented as a red circle) ② the Japanese flag
乳 【ちち】① milk ② breast ③ loop ④ decorative bump (on a hanging bell)
入手 【にゅうしゅ】obtaining, coming to hand
入賞 【にゅうしょう】winning a prize or place (in a contest)
入浴 【にゅうよく】bathe, bathing
尿 【にょう】urine
任す 【まかす】to entrust, to leave to a person
任務 【にんむ】duty, function, office, mission, task
任命 【にんめい】appointment, nomination, ordination, commission, designation
妊娠 【にんしん】conception, pregnancy
認識 【にんしき】recognition, cognizance, cognisance
熱意 【ねつい】zeal, enthusiasm
念 【ねん】sense, idea, thought, feeling, desire, concern, attention, care
念願 【ねんがん】one's heart's desire, earnest petition
燃焼 【ねんしょう】burning, combustion
燃料 【ねんりょう】fuel
悩ます 【なやます】to afflict, to torment, to harass, to molest
納入 【のうにゅう】payment, supply
脳 【のう】brain, memory
農場 【のうじょう】farm (agriculture)
農地 【のうち】agricultural land
把握 【はあく】grasp, catch, understanding
派 【は】clique, faction, school
派遣 【はけん】dispatch, despatch, send
破壊 【はかい】① destruction, disruption ② (application) crash
廃棄 【はいき】annulment, disposal, abandon, scrap, discarding, repeal
廃止 【はいし】abolition, repeal
排除 【はいじょ】exclusion, removal, rejection, elimination, abatement, lifting (sanctions, etc.)
排水 【はいすい】drainage
敗戦 【はいせん】defeat, losing a war
敗北 【はいぼく】① defeat ② to be defeated
背景 【はいけい】background, scenery, setting, circumstance
背後 【はいご】① back, rear ② background, behind the scenes
肺 【はい】lung
配給 【はいきゅう】① distribution (e.g. films, rice) ② rationing (e.g. food, gasoline) ③ food ration
配置 【はいち】arrangement (of resources), deployment, stationing, posting, disposition
配布 【はいふ】distribution
配分 【はいぶん】distribution, allotment
配慮 【はいりょ】consideration, concern, forethought
倍率 【ばいりつ】magnification, leverage, amplification, scaling factor, scale factor
賠償 【ばいしょう】reparations, indemnity, compensation
迫害 【はくがい】persecution
爆弾 【ばくだん】bomb
爆破 【ばくは】destructive blast, explosion, blow up
発掘 【はっくつ】① excavation, exhumation ② discovery (e.g. new talent)
発言 【はつげん】utterance, speech, proposal
発作 【ほっさ】fit, spasm
発生 【はっせい】① outbreak, spring forth, occurrence, incidence, origin ② ontogeny, development of complex multicellular structures from cell(s) in a simple state
発病 【はつびょう】attack (disease)
罰 【ばつ】punishment, penalty
判決 【はんけつ】judicial decision, judgement, judgment, sentence, decree
判定 【はんてい】judgement, judgment, decision, award, verdict, determination
半端 【はんぱ】remnant, fragment, incomplete set, fraction, odd sum, incompleteness
反応 【はんのう】reaction, response
反響 【はんきょう】echo, reverberation, repercussion, reaction, influence
反撃 【はんげき】counterattack, counteroffensive, counterblow
反発 【はんぱつ】① to repel, to oppose, to revolt, to react sharply (against) ② opposition, rebellion, resistance, backlash ③ rally, recovery (e.g. in stock prices), rebound ④ to rally, to recover, to rebound
反乱 【はんらん】insurrection, mutiny, rebellion, revolt, uprising
班 【はん】group, party, section (mil)
繁栄 【はんえい】prospering, prosperity, thriving, flourishing
繁殖 【はんしょく】breed, multiply, increase, propagation
晩年 【ばんねん】(one's) last years
否決 【ひけつ】rejection, negation, voting down
彼等 【かれら】they (usually male), them
悲観 【ひかん】pessimism, disappointment
悲惨 【ひさん】disastrous, tragic, miserable, wretched, pitiful
悲鳴 【ひめい】shriek, scream
扉 【とびら】① door, gate, opening ② title page
比重 【ひじゅう】① specific gravity, weight, part ② relative weight, relative importance
比率 【ひりつ】ratio, proportion, percentage
比例 【ひれい】proportion
疲労 【ひろう】fatigue, weariness
秘書 【ひしょ】(private) secretary
避難 【ひなん】taking refuge, finding shelter, evacuation, escape
非行 【ひこう】delinquency, misconduct
尾 【お】tail, ridge
美 【び】beauty
美術 【びじゅつ】art, fine arts
匹敵 【ひってき】comparing with, match, rival, equal
票 【ひょう】label, ballot, ticket, sign
描写 【びょうしゃ】depiction, description, portrayal
苗 【なえ】seedling
品質 【ひんしつ】(material) quality
品種 【ひんしゅ】① kind (of goods), brand ② (taxonomical) form ③ breed, cultivar
浜 【はま】beach, seashore
貧困 【ひんこん】poverty, lack
頻繁 【ひんぱん】frequent, incessant
敏感 【びんかん】sensibility, susceptibility, sensitive (to), well attuned to
不可欠 【ふかけつ】indispensable, essential
不況 【ふきょう】recession, depression, slump
不景気 【ふけいき】business recession, hard times, depression, gloom, sullenness, cheerlessness
不在 【ふざい】absence
不審 【ふしん】incomplete understanding, doubt, question, distrust, suspicion, strangeness, infidelity
不振 【ふしん】dullness, depression, slump, stagnation
不調 【ふちょう】bad condition, not to work out (i.e. a deal), disagreement, break-off, disorder, slump, out of form
不当 【ふとう】injustice, impropriety, unreasonableness, undeserved, unfair, invalid
不動産 【ふどうさん】real estate
不服 【ふふく】dissatisfaction, discontent, disapproval, objection, complaint, protest, disagreement
不明 【ふめい】unknown, obscure, indistinct, uncertain, ambiguous, ignorant, lack of wisdom, anonymous, unidentified
不良 【ふりょう】badness, inferiority, delinquency, failure, defect, blemish
富 【とみ】wealth, fortune
扶養 【ふよう】support, maintenance
腐敗 【ふはい】decay, depravity
負う 【おう】① to bear, to carry on one's back ② to take responsibility for, to accept a duty ③ to be injured ④ to owe
負債 【ふさい】debt, liabilities
負傷 【ふしょう】injury, wound
負担 【ふたん】burden, charge, responsibility
赴く 【おもむく】to go, to proceed, to repair to, to become
赴任 【ふにん】(proceeding to) new appointment
武装 【ぶそう】arms, armament, armed
武力 【ぶりょく】armed might, military power, the sword, force
舞う 【まう】① to dance (orig. a whirling dance) ② to flutter about, to revolve
部下 【ぶか】subordinate person
部門 【ぶもん】class, group, category, department, field, branch
封鎖 【ふうさ】① blockade ② freezing (funds)
風俗 【ふうぞく】① manners, customs ② sex service, sex industry
風土 【ふうど】natural features, topography, climate, spiritual features
復活 【ふっかつ】① revival (e.g. musical), come-back ② restoration, rebirth, resurrection
復旧 【ふっきゅう】restoration, restitution, rehabilitation
復興 【ふっこう】revival, renaissance, reconstruction
福 【ふく】good fortune
福祉 【ふくし】welfare, well-being, social welfare, social security, social service
複合 【ふくごう】composite, combined, complex
覆す 【くつがえす】to overturn, to upset, to overthrow, to undermine
物資 【ぶっし】goods, materials
物体 【ぶったい】body, object
分散 【ぶんさん】dispersion, decentralization, decentralisation, variance (statistics), distribution, dissemination, allocation
分子 【ぶんし】① numerator ② molecule ③ member, element
分担 【ぶんたん】apportionment, allotment, share
分配 【ぶんぱい】division, sharing, distribution, dissemination, allocation
分離 【ぶんり】separation, partition, detachment, segregation, isolation, decollation
分裂 【ぶんれつ】split, division, break up
紛争 【ふんそう】dispute, trouble, strife
文化財 【ぶんかざい】cultural assets, cultural property
兵器 【へいき】arms, weapons, ordnance
兵士 【へいし】soldier
平常 【へいじょう】normal, usual
柄 【え】① handle, grip ② stalk (of a mushroom, leaf, etc.)
並びに 【ならびに】and (also), both ... and, as well as
閉鎖 【へいさ】closing, closure, shutdown, lockout, unsociable
偏 【へん】left-hand radical of a character
偏見 【へんけん】prejudice, narrow view
変革 【へんかく】① change, reform, revolution, upheaval ② Reformation
変遷 【へんせん】change, transition, vicissitudes
変動 【へんどう】change, fluctuation
返還 【へんかん】return, restoration
返済 【へんさい】repayment, reimbursement, refund, redemption
便宜 【べんぎ】convenience, accommodation, advantage, expedience
弁 【べん】Oversight Department (division of the daijokan responsible for controlling central and provincial governmental offices)
弁護 【べんご】defense, defence, pleading, advocacy
弁論 【べんろん】discussion, debate, argument
保つ 【たもつ】to keep, to preserve, to hold, to retain, to maintain, to support, to sustain, to last, to endure, to keep well (food), to wear well, to be durable
保育 【ほいく】nursing, nurturing, rearing, lactation, suckling
保管 【ほかん】charge, custody, safekeeping, deposit, storage
保険 【ほけん】insurance, guarantee
保護 【ほご】care, protection, shelter, safeguard, guardianship, favor, favour, patronage
保守 【ほしゅ】maintenance, conservation
捕獲 【ほかく】capture, seizure
捕虜 【ほりょ】prisoner (of war)
補給 【ほきゅう】supply, supplying, replenishment
補強 【ほきょう】compensation, reinforcement
補充 【ほじゅう】① supplementation, supplement, replenishment, replenishing, replacement, refilling ② to replace, to refill, to replenish
補助 【ほじょ】assistance, support, aid, auxiliary
補償 【ほしょう】compensation, reparation
穂 【ほ】① ear (of plant), head (of plant) ② point, tip ③ scion (in grafting), cion
募る 【つのる】① to invite contributions, etc., to solicit help, participation, etc., to recruit (e.g. soldiers) ② to grow violent, to become stronger, to become worse
募金 【ぼきん】fund-raising, collection of funds
母校 【ぼこう】alma mater
母国 【ぼこく】one's homeland
報酬 【ほうしゅう】remuneration, recompense, reward, toll
報道 【ほうどう】information, report, journalism
奉仕 【ほうし】attendance, service, ministry, church work
崩壊 【ほうかい】① collapse, crumbling, breaking down, caving in ② decay (physics)
抱っこ 【だっこ】(child's) hug, carrying a baby in one's arms
放り込む 【ほうりこむ】to throw into
放棄 【ほうき】abandonment, renunciation, resignation, abdication (responsibility, right)
放射能 【ほうしゃのう】radioactivity
放出 【ほうしゅつ】release, emit
方策 【ほうさく】plan, policy
方式 【ほうしき】form, method, system, formula
法案 【ほうあん】bill (law)
法学 【ほうがく】law, jurisprudence
法廷 【ほうてい】courtroom
砲 【ほう】gun, cannon, artillery, ordnance
妨害 【ぼうがい】disturbance, obstruction, hindrance, jamming, interference
暴動 【ぼうどう】insurrection, rebellion, revolt, riot, uprising
暴力 【ぼうりょく】violence, mayhem
冒頭 【ぼうとう】beginning, start, outset
膨張 【ぼうちょう】expansion, swelling, increase, growth
防衛 【ぼうえい】defense, defence, protection, self-defense, self-defence
牧師 【ぼくし】pastor, minister, clergyman, reverend
本音 【ほんね】real intention, motive
本格 【ほんかく】① original method or procedure ② serious, orthodox, classical, genuine
本館 【ほんかん】main building
本国 【ほんごく】one's own country
本質 【ほんしつ】essence, true nature, substance, reality
本場 【ほんば】home, habitat, center, centre, best place, genuine
本体 【ほんたい】① substance, real form ② body (of a machine) ③ object of worship (at a shrine, temple, etc.) ④ noumenon
本名 【ほんみょう】real name
麻 【あさ】flax, linen, hemp
埋める 【うずめる】① to cover, to bury (e.g. one's face in hands), to submerge ② to fill (completely), to stuff, to pack, to cram, to fill up
埋め込む 【うめこむ】to bury, to embed
膜 【まく】membrane, film
末 【まつ】① the end of ② powder
満たす 【みたす】① to satisfy, to ingratiate, to fulfill ② to fill (e.g. a cup) ③ to reach (a certain number)
味わい 【あじわい】① flavour, flavor ② meaning, significance
味覚 【みかく】taste, palate, sense of taste
未だ 【いまだ】① as yet, hitherto, still ② not yet (with negative verb)
未知 【みち】not yet known
未定 【みてい】not yet fixed, undecided, pending
密接 【みっせつ】related, connected, close, intimate
密度 【みつど】density
民謡 【みんよう】folk song, popular song
無言 【むごん】silence
無効 【むこう】invalid, no effect, unavailable, illegal
無線 【むせん】wireless, radio
無断 【むだん】without permission, without notice
無難 【ぶなん】safety, security
無念 【むねん】① chagrin, regret ② free from obstructive thoughts
無用 【むよう】useless, futility, needlessness, unnecessariness
名称 【めいしょう】name, title
名簿 【めいぼ】register of names
名誉 【めいよ】honor, honour, credit, prestige
免除 【めんじょ】exemption, exoneration, discharge
面会 【めんかい】meeting (face-to-face), interview
模型 【もけい】model, dummy, maquette
模索 【もさく】groping (for), exploring for a solution
猛烈 【もうれつ】violent, vehement, rage
問い合わせる 【といあわせる】to enquire, to inquire, to seek information
問う 【とう】① to ask, to question, to inquire ② to charge (i.e. with a crime), to accuse ③ to care (about) ④ without regard to (with negative verb)
野外 【やがい】fields, outskirts, open air, suburbs
野心 【やしん】ambition, aspiration, designs, treachery
野生 【やせい】wild, growing wild
野党 【やとう】opposition party, political opposition, opposition
矢 【や】arrow
役場 【やくば】town hall
役職 【やくしょく】post, managerial position, official position
優 【ゆう】① gentle ② elegant, classy ③ superior, skilled ④ excellent (in marking, grading, etc.) ⑤ actor
優位 【ゆうい】predominance, ascendancy, superiority
優勢 【ゆうせい】superiority, superior power, predominance, preponderance
優先 【ゆうせん】preference, priority, precedence
幽霊 【ゆうれい】ghost, specter, spectre, apparition, phantom
有益 【ゆうえき】beneficial, profitable
有機 【ゆうき】organic
有望 【ゆうぼう】good prospects, full of hope, promising
有力 【ゆうりょく】① influential, prominent ② strong, likely, plausible, potent
誘導 【ゆうどう】guidance, leading, induction, introduction, incitement, inducement
融資 【ゆうし】financing, loan
予め 【あらかじめ】beforehand, in advance, previously
予感 【よかん】presentiment, premonition
予想 【よそう】expectation, anticipation, prediction, forecast, conjecture
余地 【よち】place, room, margin, scope
与党 【よとう】government party, (ruling) party in power, government
預金 【よきん】deposit, bank account
様式 【ようしき】style, form, pattern
様相 【ようそう】aspect
用紙 【ようし】① blank form ② sheets of paper, sheet of paper
用品 【ようひん】articles, supplies, parts
要する 【ようする】to need, to demand, to take, to require
要因 【よういん】main cause, primary factor
要請 【ようせい】claim, demand, request, application
要望 【ようぼう】demand for, request
養成 【ようせい】training, development
抑圧 【よくあつ】check, restraint, oppression, suppression
抑制 【よくせい】control, restraint, suppression, constraint, curtailment, inhibition, check, curb
欲 【よく】greed, craving, desire, avarice, wants
欲望 【よくぼう】desire, appetite, lust
落ち込む 【おちこむ】① to feel down (sad) ② to be in a slump (e.g. business, economy), to be in an unfavourable condition ③ to fall into (e.g. a hole)
濫用 【らんよう】abuse, misuse, misappropriation, using to excess
利子 【りし】interest (bank)
利息 【りそく】interest (bank)
利点 【りてん】advantage, point in favor, point in favour
立体 【りったい】① solid body, three-dimensional object ② multi-storey car park
立法 【りっぽう】legislation, lawmaking
流通 【りゅうつう】① circulation of money or goods, flow of water or air, distribution ② negotiable (e.g. shares)
旅客 【りょかく】passenger (transport)
了解 【りょうかい】comprehension, consent, understanding, roger (on the radio)
両立 【りょうりつ】compatibility, coexistence, standing together
良好 【りょうこう】favorable, favourable, satisfactory
良識 【りょうしき】good sense
良質 【りょうしつ】good quality, superior quality
領域 【りょういき】area, domain, territory, field, range, region, regime
領土 【りょうど】dominion, territory, possession
林業 【りんぎょう】forestry
類 【るい】kind, sort, class, family, genus
類似 【るいじ】① resemblance, similarity, analogous, quasi ② to resemble, to be similar, to be alike
暦 【こよみ】calendar, almanac
恋愛 【れんあい】love, love-making, passion, emotion, affections
連休 【れんきゅう】consecutive holidays
連帯 【れんたい】① solidarity, collective ② joint
連中 【れんちゅう】colleagues, company, a lot, those guys (slightly impolite)
連日 【れんじつ】every day, prolonged
連邦 【れんぽう】commonwealth, federation of states
連盟 【れんめい】league, union, alliance
露 【つゆ】dew
露骨 【ろこつ】① frank, blunt, plain, outspoken ② conspicuous, open ③ broad, suggestive, lewd
朗読 【ろうどく】reading aloud, recitation
論議 【ろんぎ】discussion, argument, debate
論理 【ろんり】① logic ② logical
惑星 【わくせい】planet
枠 【わく】frame, slide, border
駆ける 【かける】① to soar, to fly ② to run, to dash
依存 【いぞん】dependence, dependent, reliance
円滑 【えんかつ】smooth, undisturbed, uninterrupted, harmonious
音色 【ねいろ】① tone color, tone colour, tone quality, timbre ② synthesizer patch, synthesiser patch
幹 【みき】(tree) trunk, (arrow) shaft, (tool) handle, backbone, base
管 【かん】pipe, tube
共存 【きょうぞん】coexistence
溝 【みぞ】ditch, drain, gutter, gap
合併 【がっぺい】combination, union, amalgamation, consolidation, merger, coalition, fusion, annexation, affiliation, incorporation
施行 【しこう】① execution, enforcing, carrying out ② giving alms, giving food to the poor or monks
出生 【しゅっしょう】birth
情緒 【じょうちょ】① emotion, feeling ② spirit
誠 【まこと】① truth, reality ② sincerity, honesty, integrity, fidelity
早急 【そうきゅう】urgent
発足 【ほっそく】starting, inauguration, launch, founding, establishment, start-up
避ける 【よける】① to avoid (physical contact with) ② to avoid (situation) ③ to ward off, to avert
描く 【かく】to draw, to paint, to sketch, to depict, to describe
文書 【ぶんしょ】document, writing, letter, paperwork, note, records, archives
墓地 【ぼち】cemetery, graveyard
本文 【ほんぶん】text (of document), body (of letter)
万能 【ばんのう】① all-purpose, utility ② almighty, omnipotent
問屋 【とんや】wholesale store
言い訳 【いいわけ】① excuse ② explanation
生かす 【いかす】① to make (the best) use of, to leverage (skills, attributes, experience, etc.), to capitalise on (experience, etc) ② to let live, to keep alive ③ to revive, to resuscitate
育成 【いくせい】rearing, training, nurture, cultivation, promotion
意向 【いこう】intention, idea, inclination
意欲 【いよく】will, desire, ambition
威力 【いりょく】power, might, authority, influence
運送 【うんそう】transport, freight, shipping
箇所 【かしょ】passage, place, point, part
傍ら 【かたわら】① side, edge, beside, besides, nearby ② while (doing)
肝心 【かんじん】essential, fundamental, crucial, vital, main
起源 【きげん】origin, beginning, rise
規範 【きはん】model, standard, pattern, norm, criterion, example
綺麗 【きれい】① pretty, lovely, beautiful, fair ② clean, clear, pure, tidy, neat ③ completely, entirely
区画 【くかく】division, section, compartment, boundary, area, block
小売 【こうり】retail
個々 【ここ】individual, one by one, separate
収集 【しゅうしゅう】gathering up, collection, accumulation
侵略 【しんりゃく】aggression, invasion, raid
専用 【せんよう】① exclusive use, personal use, dedicated ② private (e.g. network)
総合 【そうごう】① synthesis, coordination, putting together, integration, composite ② comprehensive
添える 【そえる】① to garnish, to accompany (as a card does a gift) ② to add to as support, to prop up ③ to accompany (as an aid, guide, translator, etc.)
建前 【たてまえ】① face, official stance, public position or attitude (as opposed to private thoughts) ② ceremony for the erection of the framework of a house ③ tea ceremony procedures, tea ceremony etiquette
探検 【たんけん】exploration, expedition
貯蓄 【ちょちく】savings
手当 【てあて】① allowance, compensation ② treatment, medical care
尊い 【とうとい】precious, valuable, priceless, noble, exalted, sacred
時折 【ときおり】sometimes
届 【とどけ】report, notification, registration
取扱 【とりあつかい】treatment, service, handling, management
取り締まり 【とりしまり】control, management, supervision
取引 【とりひき】transactions, dealings, business
堂々 【どうどう】① magnificent, grand, impressive, dignified, majestic, imposing, stately ② fair, square, open ③ grandly, boldly, confidently ④ fairly, squarely ⑤ unreservedly, without apology, without hesitation
同盟 【どうめい】alliance, union, league
並 【なみ】average, medium, common, ordinary
値引き 【ねびき】price reduction, discount
図る 【はかる】① to plot, to attempt, to plan, to devise, to design ② to take in, to deceive ③ to aim for, to have something in mind ④ to refer A to B
華やか 【はなやか】showy, brilliant, gorgeous, florid, gay
引き上げる 【ひきあげる】① to pull up, to drag up, to lift up ② to increase, to raise (e.g. taxes) ③ to withdraw, to leave, to pull out, to retire ④ to return home
附属 【ふぞく】attached, belonging (to), included, enclosed, affiliated, annexed, associated, subordinate, incidental, dependent, auxiliary
普遍 【ふへん】universal, ubiquitous, omnipresent
保障 【ほしょう】guarantee, security, assurance, pledge, warranty
勝る 【まさる】① to excel, to surpass, to exceed, to have an edge, to be superior, to outrival ② to outweigh, to preponderate
麻酔 【ますい】anaesthesia, anesthesia
末期 【まっき】① closing years (period, days), last stage, end stage, end-of-life (care, decision making, etc.) ② terminal (e.g. cancer, disease, etc.), final
見通し 【みとおし】perspective, unobstructed view, outlook, forecast, prospect, insight, foresight, visibility
見なす 【みなす】to consider as, to regard (as equivalent), to deem (as), to equate
民族 【みんぞく】people, race, nation
民俗 【みんぞく】folk customs, folkways, ethnic customs
申込 【もうしこみ】application, entry, request, subscription, offer, proposal, overture, challenge
漏れる 【もれる】to leak out, to escape, to come through, to shine through, to filter out, to be omitted
屋敷 【やしき】residence, estate, grounds, premises, mansion
世 【よ】world, society, age, generation
養護 【ようご】nursing, (protective) care
世論 【せろん】public opinion
理屈 【りくつ】theory, reason
略奪 【りゃくだつ】pillage, plunder, looting, robbery
了承 【りょうしょう】acknowledgement, acknowledgment, understanding (e.g. "please be understanding of the mess during our renovation"), noting, acceptance
割 【わり】① rate, ratio, proportion, percentage ② profit ③ assignment ④ 10%, unit of ten percent ⑤ sumo match, schedule of sumo matches ⑥ diluted with (of drinks), mixed with
汚れ 【よごれ】dirt, filth
密か 【ひそか】secret, private, surreptitious
衣類 【いるい】clothes, clothing, garments
共和 【きょうわ】republicanism, cooperation
行ける 【いける】to look (taste, etc.) good
碑 【いしぶみ】stone monument bearing an inscription
菌 【きん】① fungus ② germ, bacterium, bacillus
芸 【げい】art, craft, accomplishment, artistic skill, technique, performance
隊 【たい】party, company, body (of troops), corps
官 【かん】government service, the bureaucracy
強 【きょう】① a little over, a little more than ② powerhouse, one of the biggest, one of the most powerful
苦 【く】① pain, anguish, suffering, distress, anxiety, worry, trouble, difficulty, hardship ② duhkha (suffering)
書 【しょ】① document, book ② penmanship, handwriting, calligraphy (esp. Chinese)
異 【い】① difference (of opinion) ② strange, odd, unusual ③ different
条 【じょう】① article (in document), provision ② stripe, streak, line
寄り 【より】① pushing back one's opponent while locked in close quarters (sumo) ② having a tendency towards, being close to
当 【とう】this (business organisation or place)
意 【い】① feelings, thoughts ② meaning
界 【かい】① (biological) kingdom ② erathem (rock layer corresponding to the era in which it was deposited) ③ partition of land ④ the world of (some category)
被 【ひ】indicates the target of an activity
遍 【へん】number of times
亜 【あ】① sub- ② -ous (indicating a low oxidation state), -ite
ずらすto shift, to slide (e.g., something away from something else), to move (e.g., something out of the way), to put off, to delay
どきどきthrob, beat (fast)
川 【かわ】① river, stream ② the .... river, (suffix used with the names of rivers)
いずれ① where, which, who ② anyway, anyhow, at any rate, sooner or later, eventually, at some future date or time
おば(used with suffix -san or -sama) endearing term for unrelated older woman, (with suffix -san) term used by a child to address unrelated adult female
下 【か】under (being in said condition or environment)
起す 【おこす】to raise, to cause, to wake someone
計 【けい】① plan ② meter, measuring device ③ (in) total, total (of)
図書 【としょ】books
正 【せい】① (logical) true, regular ② 10^40 ③ original ④ positive, greater than zero
茶 【ちゃ】① tea ② tea plant (Camellia sinensis) ③ tea preparation, making tea ④ brown
田 【た】rice field
入口 【いりぐち】entrance, entry, gate, approach, mouth
売上 【うりあげ】amount sold, proceeds
終る 【おわる】to finish, to end, to close
英和 【えいわ】English-Japanese (e.g. dictionary)
科 【か】① department, section ② (taxonomical) family
具体 【ぐたい】concrete, tangible, material
合理 【ごうり】rational
留まる 【とどまる】① to stop, to halt ② to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place) ③ to come to a halt ④ to be limited to
曜日 【ようび】day of the week
どこ① where, what place ② how much (long, far), what extent
打合せ 【うちあわせ】business meeting, previous arrangement, appointment
もったいない① too good, more than one deserves, unworthy of ② wasteful
ぶつ① stock, products ② stolen goods, loot, spoils
菓子 【かし】pastry, confectionery
換気 【かんき】ventilation
間接 【かんせつ】indirection, indirectness
共産 【きょうさん】① communism ② Communist Party
御飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
状 【じょう】① shape, state ② letter, correspondence
全般 【ぜんぱん】(the) whole, universal, wholly, general
すなわちthat is, namely, i.e.
庁 【ちょう】government office, agency, board
暮れ 【くれ】year end, sunset, nightfall, end
またagain, and, also, still (doing something)
民主 【みんしゅ】① democracy, popular sovereignty ② democratic
友好 【ゆうこう】friendship
有難い 【ありがたい】grateful, thankful, welcome, appreciated, evoking gratitude
浴 【よく】bath
領収 【りょうしゅう】receipt, voucher
零 【れい】zero, nought
押える 【おさえる】① to pin something down, to hold something down, to hold something back, to stop, to restrain, to curb ② to seize, to grasp, to arrest ③ to gain control of something, to govern, to keep down (e.g. information), to suppress ④ to catch happening, to determine (important points), to find (proof), to understand
支払 【しはらい】payment
ひどいcruel, awful, severe, very bad, serious, terrible, heavy, violent
訓 【くん】native Japanese reading (rendering) of a Chinese character
翌 【よく】the following, next
たまoccasional, rare
仰る 【おっしゃる】to say, to speak, to tell, to talk
討つ 【うつ】① to shoot (at) ② to attack, to defeat, to destroy, to avenge
素 【もと】ingredient
ごめんyour pardon, declining (something), dismissal, permission
擦る 【かする】to touch lightly, to take a percentage (from)
松 【まつ】① pine tree ② highest (of a three-tier ranking system)
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
おおよそabout, roughly, as a rule, approximately
抽象 【ちゅうしょう】abstract
堀 【ほり】moat, canal
締切 【しめきり】closing, cut-off, end, deadline, Closed, No Entrance
徐々に 【じょじょに】slowly, little by little, gradually, steadily, quietly
振舞う 【ふるまう】① to behave, to conduct oneself ② to entertain, to treat someone (to a drink), to make tea for someone (tea ceremony)
我 【わが】my, our, one's own
滑る 【ぬめる】① to be slippery, to be slimy ② to behave charmingly, to walk merrily
器 【き】① device, instrument ② vessel, container
あのsay, well, errr ...
斬る 【きる】to kill (a human) using a blade (sword, machete, knife, etc.), to slice (off), to lop (off), to cut (off)
しばらく① little while, short while, moment, instant ② a while, quite a time ③ it's been a long time
手頃 【てごろ】moderate, handy
ごみrubbish, trash, garbage, refuse
そのままwithout change, as it is (i.e. now)
ほとんどmostly, almost
さてwell, now, then
たばこtobacco, cigarettes
たばこtobacco, cigarettes
やせる① to become thin, to lose weight, to reduce (one's) weight, to slim ② to be barren, to be infertile, to be sterile