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Gitaigo & Giongo (mimetic)

Consists of all words of the class 擬態語 or 擬音語 also commonly referred to as mimetic (and sometimes deceptively as onomatopoeia) that are tagged as priority in Jim Breen's Edict project.


111 entriesCreated by Sean M. — Last modified: 2013-01-29 08:48:39
もっと(some) more, even more, longer, further
ゆっくりslowly, at ease, restful
はっきりclearly, plainly, distinctly
やっとat last, at length
きっとsurely, undoubtedly, almost certainly, most likely (e.g. 90 percent)
びっくり① to be surprised, to be amazed, to be frightened, to be astonished ② surprise (e.g. surprise party) ③ surprise
がっかりfeel disappointed, dejected, lose heart, feel emotionally drained, feel let down
きちんとprecisely, accurately, neatly
ぐっすりsound asleep, fast asleep
こっそりstealthily, secretly
さっぱり① feeling refreshed, feeling relieved ② neat, trimmed ③ plain, simple ④ completely, entirely ⑤ not in the least (in sentence with negative verb), not at all ⑥ completely ignorant, not doing at all
ざっとroughly, in round numbers
そっくりall, altogether, entirely, just like, the spitting image of
そっとsoftly, gently, quietly, secretly
たっぷりfull, in plenty, ample
どんどん① drumming (noise) ② rapidly, steadily
ぴったりexactly, neatly, sharp
ぶつぶつ① grunt, grumble, complaint, mutter ② pimples, spots, eruption, rash ③ cutting into small pieces ④ simmering
ぼんやりabsent-minded, blockhead, dim, faint, vague
まあyou might say, Oh!, Wow!, Well!
にっこりsmile sweetly, smile, grin
せっせとdiligently, assiduously
うろうろloiteringly, aimless wandering
すっきり① clearly, refreshed ② shapely, neatly, refinedly ③ cleanly, without trouble ④ clearly, plainly, distinctly ⑤ completely, thoroughly ⑥ not at all (with negative sentence), not even slightly
すっとstraight, quickly, directly, all of a sudden, quietly, gently, softly
のろのろslowly, sluggishly
ぴかぴかglitter, sparkle
あっさりeasily, readily, quickly
あべこべcontrary, opposite, inverse
あやふやuncertain, vague, ambiguous
おどおどcoweringly, hesitantly
がっくりheartbroken, crestfallen
がっしりfirmly, solidly, tough
きちっとexactly, perfectly
きっぱりclearly, plainly, decisively, distinctly, flatly
くっきりdistinctly, clearly, boldly
じっくりdeliberately, carefully
ずるずるsound or act of dragging, loose, inconclusive but unwanted situation, trailingly
だぶだぶloose, baggy
ちらっとat a glance, by accident
ひょっとpossibly, accidentally
びっしょりwet through, drenched
ふらふらunsteady on one's feet, stagger, reel, totter, dizzy
ぶかぶかtoo big, baggy
ぶらぶらdangle heavily, swing, sway to and fro, aimlessly, idly, lazily, loiter, loaf, stroll idly
ぺこぺこ① fawning, being obsequious, cringing ② being very hungry ③ giving in, being dented
ほっとfeeling relieved, (sigh of) relief
いそいそcheerfully, excitedly
うずうずsorely tempted, itching to do something
うとうとfalling in a doze, dozing
おろおろnervous, flustered, in a dither, all shook up
かちかちtick-tock, knocking (stones together), frozen solid, set rock hard, obstinate, scared stiff
がさがさrustling, dry or rough feeling
ガタガタrattle, clatter
がぶがぶgulping down, guzzling
きらきらglitter, sparkle, glisten, twinkle
ぎざぎざjagged, notched, corrugated, milled, serrated
ぎゅっとhard, tight(ly)
ぎょっとbeing startled
ぎりぎり① at the last moment, just barely ② grinding sound
くしゃくしゃcrumpled, disheveled, dishevelled, feel gloomy
くたくた① exhausted, tired ② withered, worn out ③ boiling until shapeless or mushy ④ tediously, repetitively, wordily
くどくどtediously, repetitively
くよくよworry about, mope, brood over
くるくるlike a small spinning object, winding up a long string, etc.
ぐったりcompletely exhausted, dead tired, limp, senseless
こちこちdry, hard, puritanical, frightened
こつこつ① unflaggingly, steadily, untiringly, laboriously ② clicking, drumming
ころころ① small and round thing rolling ② pleasant, high-pitched sound ③ something that changes frequently, something fickle
さらさら① rustling, murmuring ② fluently ③ silky (hair)
しゃぶしゃぶ① shabu-shabu (thinly sliced meat boiled quickly with vegetables, and dipped in sauce) ② sound of this dish being prepared
じめじめdamp and humid, sodden, wet, clammy
ずきずきthrobbing pain, heartbreakingly
せかせかimpetuously, hastily
そわそわfidgety, restless, nervous, uneasy
ぞくぞくshiver, feel chilly, shudder, thrill
たらたら① drop-by-drop, dribbling, in a trickle ② incessantly, in great profusion
ちらちらfluttering, flickering, intermittently
つるつるslippery, smooth
てくてくtrudgingly, going long way at steady pace
どきどきthrob, beat (fast)
どしどしrapidly, constantly, one after the other, without hesitation, sound of tramping
どたばた① noisily (esp. the noise of heavy feet) ② slapstick
どろどろsyrupy, muddled
ニヤニヤgrinning, broad grin, smirk
ばりばりtearing, crunching (sound), work hard, actively
ひっそりquiet, still, silent, deserted
びしょびしょsaturated, wet through
ぶるぶるshivering with cold or fear, shaking, trembling
べたべた① sticky ② all over ③ clinging (e.g. of a person), following around ④ cliched, hackneyed
むかむかnausea, queasy, surge of anger
むっつり① sullenly, taciturnly, morosely, gloomily, silently ② taciturn person, uncommunicative person
よろよろunsteady on its feet, tottering
わくわくtremble, get nervous, excitedly, thrilled
ばたばた① flapping, rattling (sound), noisily, clattering noise ② commotion, kerfuffle
フワフワlight, airy, fluffy
プンプン① intense smell (hanging around) ② state of being furious or angry
ポンポン① pompon, pompons, bobbles ② tummy, tumtum ③ bang-bang, pop-pop, tap-tap ④ without reservation, unreservedly, snappishly, outspokenly
ぐるっとturning in a circle, going around, turning about, surrounding, encircling
ふんわりgently, airily, fluffily
すっぽり① entirely, completely ② cleanly, snugly
びっくり① to be surprised, to be amazed, to be frightened, to be astonished ② surprise (e.g. surprise party) ③ surprise