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化物語 上 ひたぎクラブ

First part of 化物語 上

3066 entriesCreated by #45979 — Last modified: 2015-12-17 12:59:41
お金 【おかね】money
お父さん 【おとうさん】father
お母さん 【おかあさん】mother
こんなsuch (about something/someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or about ideas expressed by the speaker), like this
さあcome, come now
さん① Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms ② honorific used with occupational titles
じゃあ① then, well, so, well then ② combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles ③ plain copula
じゃ① then, well, so, well then ② combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles ③ plain copula
そう① so, really, seeming ② (after masu stem and adj-stem) appearing that, seeming that, looking like, having the appearance of
そんなsuch (about the actions of the listener, or about ideas expressed or understood by the listener), like that, that sort of
ではthen, well, so, well then
でも① but, however, still, yet, although, even though ② even, even if ③ or something
どうも① thanks ② much (thanks), very (sorry), quite (regret) ③ quite, really ④ somehow ⑤ no matter how hard one may try ⑥ greetings, hello, goodbye
どんなwhat, what kind of
はい① yes ② OK (used to get attention prior to an utterance), okay ③ giddy-up, giddap
もう① already, anymore ② soon, shortly ③ more, further, other, again ④ interjection used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation)
もしもし① hello (e.g. on phone) ② excuse me! (when calling out to someone)
もっと(some) more, even more, longer, further
ゆっくりslowly, at ease, restful
より① from, out of, since, at ② than ③ other than, except, but ④ more
アパート① apartment building, apartment block, apartment house ② apartment
エレベーターelevator, lift
キロkilo-, kilogram, kilogramme, kilometre, kilometer, 10^3
グラムgram, gramme
コート① coat ② court (i.e. tennis, basketball, etc.)
シャツshirt, singlet
スポーツsport, sports
テレビtelevision, TV
デパートdepartment store
トイレtoilet, restroom, bathroom, lavatory
ノート① notebook, copy-book, exercise book ② note ③ notebook PC
バス① bus ② bath ③ bass
ボールペンball-point pen
マッチ① match (contest, lighting fires. etc.) ② to match with, to go well with
メートルmetre, meter, meter (i.e., a gauge), gauge
レコード① record (e.g. LP) ② record (e.g. athletics)
安い 【やすい】① cheap, inexpensive ② calm, peaceful, quiet
一 【いち】① one ② best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective follows)
一つ 【ひとつ】① one ② for one thing (often used in itemized lists) ③ (after a noun) only ④ (with a verb in negative form) (not) even ⑤ just (i.e. "just try it")
飲む 【のむ】① to drink, to gulp, to swallow ② to smoke (tobacco) ③ to engulf, to overwhelm ④ to keep down, to suppress ⑤ to accept (e.g. demand, condition) ⑥ to make light of, to conceal
右 【みぎ】① right, right hand side ② afore-mentioned (esp. in vertical Japanese writing), foregoing, forgoing, above
雨 【あめ】rain
円 【えん】① Yen, money ② circle
下 【した】① below, down, under ② bottom ③ beneath, underneath ④ just after, right after ⑤ inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), younger (e.g. of siblings) ⑥ trade-in ⑦ preliminary, preparatory
下手 【へた】① unskillful, poor, awkward ② imprudent, untactful
どうぞ① please, kindly ② by all means
花 【はな】① flower, blossom, bloom, petal ② blooming (esp. of cherry blossoms), cherry blossom ③ ikebana ④ Japanese playing cards ⑤ beauty ⑥ (the) best
会社 【かいしゃ】① company, corporation ② workplace
外 【そと】① outside, exterior ② open air ③ other place
学校 【がっこう】school
学生 【がくせい】student (esp. a university student)
休み 【やすみ】① rest, recess, respite ② vacation, holiday, absence, suspension ③ dormancy (of a silkworm prior to moulting)
休む 【やすむ】① to be absent, to take a day off ② to rest, to have a break ③ to go to bed, to (lie down to) sleep, to turn in, to retire ④ to stop doing some ongoing activity for a time, to suspend business
空 【そら】sky, the heavens
見せる 【みせる】to show, to display
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
古い 【ふるい】old (not person), aged, ancient, antiquated, stale, threadbare, outmoded, obsolete article
五 【ご】five
午後 【ごご】afternoon, p.m.
午前 【ごぜん】morning, a.m.
後ろ 【うしろ】back, behind, rear
語 【ご】① language ② word
口 【くち】① mouth ② opening, hole, gap, orifice ③ mouth (of a bottle), spout, nozzle, mouthpiece ④ gate, door, entrance, exit ⑤ speaking, speech, talk (i.e. gossip) ⑥ taste, palate ⑦ mouth (to feed) ⑧ opening (i.e. vacancy), available position ⑨ invitation, summons ⑩ kind, sort, type ⑪ opening (i.e. beginning) ⑫ counter for mouthfuls, shares (of money), and swords
高い 【たかい】① high, tall ② expensive
今 【いま】now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more
左 【ひだり】left, left hand side
三つ 【みっつ】three
山 【やま】① mountain ② pile, heap ③ climax, critical point ④ speculated area covered by an examination
四つ 【よっつ】four
時 【とき】① time, hour ② occasion, moment
時間 【じかん】① time ② hours
耳 【みみ】① ear ② hearing ③ edge, crust ④ selvedge (non-fray machined edge of fabrics), selvage
七 【なな】seven
手 【て】① hand, arm ② handle ③ hand, worker, help ④ trouble, care, effort ⑤ means, way, trick, move, technique, workmanship ⑥ hand, handwriting ⑦ kind, type, sort ⑧ one's hands, one's possession ⑨ ability to cope ⑩ hand (of cards) ⑪ direction
週間 【しゅうかん】week, weekly
出す 【だす】① to take out, to get out ② to put out, to reveal, to show ③ to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in ④ to publish, to make public ⑤ to send (e.g. letter) ⑥ to produce (a sound), to start (fire) ⑦ to serve (food) ⑧ to begin
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
出来る 【できる】① to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task ② to be ready, to be completed ③ to be made, to be built ④ to be good at, to be permitted (to do) ⑤ to become intimate, to take up (with somebody) ⑥ to grow, to be raised
書く 【かく】to write
女 【おんな】woman
女の子 【おんなのこ】girl
小さい 【ちいさい】small, little, tiny
少し 【すこし】① small quantity, little, few, something ② little while ③ short distance
上 【うえ】① above, up, over ② top, summit ③ surface, on ④ before, previous ⑤ superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder) ⑥ on top of that, besides, what's more ⑦ upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after) ⑧ matters concerning..., as concerns ... ⑨ since (i.e. "for that reason") ⑩ suffix indicating higher social standing
上げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to do up (one's hair) ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to show someone (into a room) ⑥ (uk) to summon (for geishas, etc.) ⑦ to send someone (away) ⑧ to enrol (one's child in school) (enroll) ⑨ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑩ to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice) ⑪ to earn (something desirable) ⑫ to praise ⑬ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑭ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑮ to arrest ⑯ to nominate ⑰ to give ⑱ to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) ⑲ to bear (a child) ⑳ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) ○ (of the tide) to come in ○ to vomit ○ (after the -te form of a verb) to do for (the sake of someone else) ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to complete ○ used after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility
上手 【じょうず】① skill, skillful, dexterity ② flattery
食べる 【たべる】to eat
新聞 【しんぶん】newspaper
人 【じん】① -ian (e.g. Italian, etc.) (attaches to name of country to denote nationality), -er (e.g. performer, etc.) (attaches to name of occupation) ② (usu. in compound words) man, person, people
水 【みず】water (cold, fresh)
生まれる 【うまれる】to be born
西 【にし】west
先 【さき】① previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding ② point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle ③ head (of a line), front ④ ahead, the other side ⑤ the future, hereafter ⑥ destination ⑦ the other party
先週 【せんしゅう】last week, the week before
先生 【せんせい】① teacher, master, doctor ② with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific
千 【せん】1,000, thousand
川 【がわ】① river, stream ② the .... river, (suffix used with the names of rivers)
前 【まえ】① ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour) ② in front (of), before (e.g. the house) ③ head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part ④ in the presence of ⑤ helping, portion ⑥ privates, private parts
足 【あし】① foot ② leg ③ gait ④ pace
大学 【だいがく】① post-secondary education institution, incl. university, college, etc. ② the Great Learning - one of the Four Books
大人 【おとな】adult
男 【おとこ】man
男の子 【おとこのこ】boy, male child, baby boy
中 【なか】① inside, in ② among, within ③ center (centre), middle ④ during, while
長い 【ながい】① long (distance) ② long (time), lengthy
電気 【でんき】① electricity ② (electric) light
電車 【でんしゃ】(electric) train
電話 【でんわ】telephone
東 【ひがし】east
道 【みち】① road, street, way, path, course, route, lane ② distance, ways (e.g. "a long ways") ③ the way (of proper conduct, etc.), one's way, morals ④ teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma ⑤ field (of medicine, etc.), subject ⑥ way, method, means
読む 【よむ】to read
二 【に】two
二つ 【ふたつ】two
日本語 【にほんご】Japanese (language)
入る 【はいる】① to enter ② to break into ③ to join, to enroll ④ to contain, to hold, to accommodate ⑤ to have (an income of)
入れる 【いれる】① to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.) ② to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire ③ to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to ④ to include ⑤ to pay (one's rent, etc.) ⑥ to cast (a vote) ⑦ to make (tea, coffee, etc.) ⑧ to turn on (a switch, etc.) ⑨ to send (a fax), to call
年 【とし】① year ② age
買う 【かう】① to buy ② to value, to have a high opinion ③ to stir, to provoke
白 【しろ】① white ② good guy, 'white hat'
白い 【しろい】white
半 【はん】half, semi-
半分 【はんぶん】half
百 【ひゃく】100, hundred
父 【ちち】father
分 【ふん】minute
カタカナkatakana, one of the Japanese syllabaries
母 【はは】mother
本 【ほん】① book, volume ② main, head, this, our, present, real ③ counter for long cylindrical things
毎日 【まいにち】every day
名前 【なまえ】① name, full name ② given name, first name
木 【き】tree, wood, timber
来る 【くる】① to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive ② to come back, to do ... and come back ③ to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue ④ to come from, to be caused by, to derive from ⑤ to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
来週 【らいしゅう】next week
来年 【らいねん】next year
話す 【はなす】to speak
何 【なに】① what ② how many (some counter)
何 【なん】① what ② how many (some counter)
魚 【さかな】fish
九 【きゅう】nine
行く 【いく】① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
今日 【きょう】today, this day
今年 【ことし】this year
三 【さん】three
四 【よん】four
十 【じゅう】10, ten
人 【ひと】① man, person ② human being, mankind, people ③ character, personality ④ man of talent, true man ⑤ other people ⑥ adult
八 【はち】eight
八つ 【やっつ】eight
万 【まん】① 10,000, ten thousand ② myriads ③ everything, all
六 【ろく】six
言う 【いう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
大きい 【おおきい】big, large, great, loud
聞く 【きく】① to hear ② to listen (e.g. to music) ③ to ask, to enquire, to query
国 【くに】① country, (the) state ② region ③ home (i.e. hometown, home country)
立つ 【たつ】① to stand, to rise, to stand up ② to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position) ③ to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
話 【はなし】① talk, speech, chat, story, conversation ② discussions, negotiation, argument
目 【め】① eye, eyeball ② eyesight ③ look ④ experience ⑤ viewpoint ⑥ ordinal number suffix ⑦ somewhat, -ish
分かる 【わかる】① to be understood, to be comprehended, to be grasped ② to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
時 【じ】① hour, o'clock ② (specified) time, when ..., during ...
日 【にち】① Sunday ② day (of the month) ③ counter for days
年 【ねん】① year (e.g. AD) ② counter for years
いるauxillary verb for continuing action or state
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
お茶 【おちゃ】① tea (usu. green) ② tea break (at work) ③ tea ceremony
悪い 【わるい】① bad, poor, inferior ② evil, sinful ③ unprofitable, unbeneficial ④ at fault, to blame, in the wrong ⑤ sorry
暗い 【くらい】① dark, gloomy ② dark (in colour), dull ③ depressed, dispirited ④ sorrowful, bitter (as in a dark past) ⑤ unclear, unfamiliar, unknown
意味 【いみ】meaning, significance
医者 【いしゃ】(medical) doctor, physician
引く 【ひく】① to pull ② to draw (attention, etc.), to attract (interest, etc.) ③ to draw back ④ to draw (a card) ⑤ to draw (plan, line, etc.) ⑥ to catch (cold) ⑦ to play (string instr.) ⑧ to look up (e.g. dictionary), to consult ⑨ to haul, to pull (vehicles) ⑩ to subtract ⑪ to ebb, to fade ⑫ to descend (from), to inherit (a characteristic) ⑬ to quote, to raise (as evidence) ⑭ to lay (a cable), to draw (a cable)
映画 【えいが】movie, film
英語 【えいご】English (language)
遠い 【とおい】far, distant
音楽 【おんがく】music, musical movement
夏休み 【なつやすみ】summer vacation, summer holiday
家 【いえ】① house, residence, dwelling ② family, household ③ lineage, family name
家族 【かぞく】family, members of a family
火曜日 【かようび】Tuesday
会う 【あう】① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
回 【かい】① counter for occurrences ② counter for innings (baseball)
海 【うみ】sea, beach
開ける 【あける】① to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package) ② to open (for business, etc.)
楽しい 【たのしい】enjoyable, fun
寒い 【さむい】① cold (e.g. weather) ② dull, uninteresting, lame
漢字 【かんじ】Chinese characters, kanji
顔 【かお】face (person)
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
起きる 【おきる】① to get up, to rise ② to wake up ③ to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents), to happen, to take place
去年 【きょねん】last year
強い 【つよい】① strong, powerful, mighty, potent ② resistant, resilient, durable
教える 【おしえる】to teach, to inform, to instruct
教室 【きょうしつ】classroom
近い 【ちかい】near, close, short (distance)
近く 【ちかく】① near, neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity ② nearly (i.e. "it took nearly one year"), close to ③ shortly, soon
金曜日 【きんようび】Friday
兄さん 【にいさん】① older brother, elder brother ② brother (as older-brother figure in friendly and or work relationship) ③ (vocative) young man, buddy, fella, laddie
軽い 【かるい】① light (i.e. not heavy), feeling light (i.e. offering little resistance, moving easily) ② light (i.e. of foot), nimble, agile ③ non-serious, minor, unimportant, trivial ④ slight, small, gentle, soft ⑤ easy, simple ⑥ indiscriminate
月 【つき】① moon ② month
月曜日 【げつようび】Monday
建物 【たてもの】building
犬 【いぬ】① dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris) ② snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.) ③ counterfeit, inferior, useless, wasteful
元気 【げんき】health(y), robust, vigor, vigour, energy, vitality, vim, stamina, spirit, courage, pep
ご飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
好き 【すき】liking, fondness, love
広い 【ひろい】spacious, vast, wide
考える 【かんがえる】to consider, to think about
黒 【くろ】① black ② dark ③ bad guy, 'black hat'
黒い 【くろい】① black ② dark ③ illicit, wicked, underground
仕事 【しごと】① work, job, business, occupation, employment, vocation, task ② work
使う 【つかう】① to use (a thing, method, etc.), to make use of, to put to use ② to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.), to employ, to handle, to manage, to manipulate ③ to use (time, money, etc.), to spend, to consume ④ to use (language), to speak ⑤ to take (one's lunch), to circulate (bad money)
始まる 【はじまる】to begin
姉 【あね】older sister, elder sister
姉さん 【ねえさん】① elder sister ② (vocative) young lady ③ miss (referring to a waitress, etc.) ④ ma'am (used by geisha to refer to their superiors)
止まる 【とまる】① to stop, to halt ② to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place) ③ to come to a halt ④ to be limited to
死ぬ 【しぬ】to die
私 【わたし】① I, me ② private affairs, personal matter, secrecy ③ selfishness
持つ 【もつ】① to hold, to carry ② to possess
時計 【とけい】watch, clock, timepiece
自転車 【じてんしゃ】bicycle
自動車 【じどうしゃ】automobile
自分 【じぶん】① myself, yourself, oneself, himself, herself ② I, me
質問 【しつもん】question, inquiry, enquiry
写真 【しゃしん】① photograph, photo ② movie
借りる 【かりる】① to borrow, to have a loan ② to rent, to hire
弱い 【よわい】weak, frail, delicate, tender, unskilled, weak (wine)
手紙 【てがみ】letter
習う 【ならう】to learn
住む 【すむ】to live (of humans), to reside, to inhabit, to dwell, to abide
重い 【おもい】① heavy, massive ② serious, important, severe, oppressed
春 【はる】① spring, springtime ② new year ③ prime (of one's life, etc.) ④ adolescence, puberty ⑤ sexuality
始め 【はじめ】beginning, start, origin
所 【ところ】① place, spot, scene, site ② address ③ district, area, locality ④ one's house ⑤ point ⑥ part ⑦ space, room ⑧ whereupon, as a result ⑨ (after present form of a verb) about to, on the verge of
少ない 【すくない】few, a little, scarce, insufficient, seldom
乗る 【のる】① to get on, to ride in, to board, to mount, to get up on ② to spread (paints), to be taken in ③ to share in, to join, to feel like doing, to be mentioned in, to be in harmony with ④ to appear (in print), to be recorded, to be found in (a dictionary)
色 【いろ】① colour, color ② complexion ③ appearance, look ④ love, lust, sensuality, love affair, lover ⑤ kind, type, variety
食べ物 【たべもの】food
新しい 【あたらしい】new
図書館 【としょかん】library
声 【こえ】voice
青い 【あおい】① blue, green ② pale ③ unripe, inexperienced
赤い 【あかい】① red ② Red (i.e. communist)
切る 【きる】① to cut (usu. to cut through) ② to sever (connections, ties) ③ to turn off (i.e. the light) ④ to terminate (i.e. a conversation), to hang up (the phone), to disconnect ⑤ to punch (a ticket), to tear off (a stub) ⑥ to open (something sealed) ⑦ to start ⑧ to set (a limit) ⑨ to reduce, to decrease, to discount ⑩ to shake off (water, etc.), to let drip-dry (or drain) ⑪ to cross ⑫ to do (something noticeable) ⑬ to turn (a vehicle) ⑭ to cut (the ball) ⑮ to shuffle (cards) ⑯ to trump ⑰ (in Go) to isolate (an opponent's stone) ⑱ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to finish, to complete
走る 【はしる】① to run ② to travel (movement of vehicles) ③ to hurry to ④ to retreat (from battle), to take flight ⑤ to run away from home ⑥ to elope ⑦ to tend heavily toward
早い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
多い 【おおい】many, numerous
多分 【たぶん】① perhaps, probably ② generous, many, much, great
太い 【ふとい】① fat, thick ② deep (of a voice) ③ daring, shameless, brazen
体 【からだ】① body ② health
待つ 【まつ】① to wait ② to await, to look forward to, to anticipate ③ (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
貸す 【かす】① to lend, to loan ② to rent out, to hire out
大きな 【おおきな】big, large, great
大好き 【だいすき】loveable, very likeable, like very much
大切 【たいせつ】important, valuable, worthy of care
短い 【みじかい】short
知る 【しる】to know, to understand, to be acquainted with, to feel
地図 【ちず】map
着く 【つく】① to arrive at, to reach ② to sit on, to sit at (e.g. the table)
着る 【きる】① to wear (in modern Japanese, from the shoulders down), to put on ② to bear (guilt, etc.)
昼 【ひる】① noon, midday ② daytime ③ lunch
朝 【あさ】morning
低い 【ひくい】low (height, tone, rank, degree, cost, etc.), short
度 【ど】① degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.) ② counter for occurrences and times ③ strength (of alcohol)
土曜日 【どようび】Saturday
冬 【ふゆ】winter
答える 【こたえる】to answer, to reply
働く 【はたらく】① to work, to labor, to labour ② to function, to operate, to be effective, to work (i.e. ... works), to come into play ③ to commit (e.g. a crime), to perpetrate, to do, to act, to practise, to practice ④ to be conjugated
動物 【どうぶつ】animal
同じ 【おなじ】① same, identical, equal, uniform, equivalent, similar, common (origin), changeless, alike ② (usu. part of a 'nara' conditional) anyway, anyhow, in either case
肉 【にく】① flesh ② meat ③ the physical body (as opposed to the spirit) ④ thickness ⑤ ink pad
日曜日 【にちようび】Sunday
売る 【うる】to sell
病院 【びょういん】hospital
病気 【びょうき】illness, disease, sickness
風 【かぜ】wind, breeze
服 【ふく】① clothes (esp. Western clothes) ② counter for doses of medicine, gulps of tea, drags of a cigarette, etc.
物 【もの】① thing, object ② the natural thing, a frequently done thing ③ used to express emotional involvement ④ used in giving a reason
勉強 【べんきょう】① study ② diligence ③ discount, reduction
歩く 【あるく】to walk
方 【ほう】side, direction, way
妹 【いもうと】younger sister
毎朝 【まいあさ】every morning
明るい 【あかるい】① bright, colourful ② cheerful ③ familiar (with), knowledgeable (about) ④ fair (e.g. politics), clean
問題 【もんだい】problem, question
夜 【よる】evening, night
有名 【ゆうめい】① famous ② fame
夕方 【ゆうがた】evening
旅行 【りょこう】travel, trip
料理 【りょうり】① cooking, cookery, cuisine ② dealing with something, handling, administration, management
今朝 【けさ】this morning
上着 【うわぎ】coat, tunic, jacket, outer garment
頭 【あたま】① head ② mind, brain, intellect ③ top ④ hair (on one's head) ⑤ bangs, fringe ⑥ top structural component of a kanji
明日 【あした】tomorrow
開く 【あく】① to open (e.g. doors) ② to open (e.g. business, etc.)
色々 【いろいろ】various
思う 【おもう】① to think, to consider, to believe ② to think (of doing), to plan (to do) ③ to judge, to assess, to regard ④ to imagine, to suppose, to dream ⑤ to expect, to look forward to ⑥ to feel, to desire, to want ⑦ to recall, to remember
終わる 【おわる】to finish, to end, to close
買い物 【かいもの】shopping, purchased goods
作る 【つくる】① to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct ② to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol) ③ to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train ④ to till ⑤ to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write ⑥ to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose ⑦ to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found ⑧ to have (a child) ⑨ to make up (one's face, etc.) ⑩ to fabricate (an excuse, etc.) ⑪ to form (a line, etc.) ⑫ to set (a record) ⑬ to commit (a sin, etc.)
町 【まち】① town, block, neighbourhood, neighborhood ② street, road ③ 109.09 m ④ 0.99 hectares
屋 【や】① (something) shop ② somebody who sells (something) or works as (something) ③ somebody with a (certain) personality trait ④ house ⑤ roof
小さな 【ちいさな】small, little, tiny
一番 【いちばん】① best, first, number one ② game, round, bout, fall, event (in a meet)
横 【よこ】① horizontal (as opposed to vertical), lying down ② side-to-side (as opposed to front-to-back), width, breadth ③ side (of a box, etc.) ④ beside, aside, next to ⑤ unconnected
家庭 【かてい】home, family, household
荷物 【にもつ】① luggage, baggage ② burden ③ payload (of a packet, cell, etc.)
絵 【え】picture, drawing, painting, sketch
階 【かい】① stories, storeys ② counter for storeys and floors of a building
橋 【はし】bridge
勤める 【つとめる】① to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in) ② to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of) ③ to conduct a religious service
言葉 【ことば】① language, dialect ② word, words, phrase, term, expression, remark ③ speech, (manner of) speaking
戸 【と】door (esp. Japanese-style)
交番 【こうばん】① police box ② alternation, alternating (e.g. current)
公園 【こうえん】(public) park
向こう 【むこう】① opposite side, other side, opposite direction ② over there, that way, far away, beyond ③ the other party, the other person ④ future (starting now)
細い 【ほそい】thin, slender, fine
歯 【は】tooth
次 【つぎ】① next, following, subsequent ② stage, station
取る 【とる】① to take, to pick up, to harvest, to earn, to choose ② to steal ③ to eat, to have (a meal) ④ to remove (one's glasses, etc.)
酒 【さけ】alcohol, sake
宿題 【しゅくだい】homework
消える 【きえる】to go out, to vanish, to disappear
消す 【けす】① to erase, to delete, to cross out ② to turn off power ③ to extinguish, to put out
全部 【ぜんぶ】all, entire, whole, altogether
速い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
飛ぶ 【とぶ】to fly, to soar
庭 【にわ】garden
番号 【ばんごう】number, series of digits
鼻 【はな】nose
部屋 【へや】① room ② sumo stable
文章 【ぶんしょう】① sentence, article, composition ② (writing) style
返す 【かえす】① to return (something), to restore, to put back ② to pay back, to retaliate, to reciprocate
方 【かた】① direction, way ② person, lady, gentleman ③ method of, manner of, way of ④ care of .. ⑤ person in charge of .. ⑥ side (e.g. "on my mother's side")
本当 【ほんとう】truth, reality
万年筆 【まんねんひつ】fountain pen
無い 【ない】① nonexistent, not being (there) ② unpossessed, unowned, not had ③ unique ④ indicates negation, inexperience, unnecessariness or impossibility ⑤ (after the ren'youkei form of an adjective) not ... ⑥ (after the -te form of a verb) to not be..., to have not ...
無くす 【なくす】① to lose something ② to get rid of ③ to lose someone (wife, child, etc.)
面白い 【おもしろい】interesting, amusing
遊ぶ 【あそぶ】① to play, to enjoy oneself, to have a good time ② to mess about (with alcohol, gambling, philandery, etc.) ③ to be idle, to do nothing, to be unused ④ to go to (for pleasure or for study) ⑤ (in baseball) to intentionally throw a ball to lower the batter's concentration
練習 【れんしゅう】practice, practise
一昨年 【いっさくねん】year before last
黄色 【きいろ】yellow, amber
昨日 【きのう】yesterday
真っ直ぐ 【まっすぐ】① straight (ahead), direct, upright, erect ② straightforward, honest, frank
側 【がわ】① side (of something, or taking someone's side), part ② (watch) case
箱 【はこ】① box ② car (of a train, etc.) ③ shamisen case, shamisen
両親 【りょうしん】parents, both parents
本当に 【ほんとうに】really, truly
番 【ばん】① number (in a series) ② (one's) turn ③ watch, guard, lookout ④ bout, match (sumo)
お腹 【おなか】stomach
違う 【ちがう】① to differ (from), to vary ② to not be in the usual condition ③ to not match the correct (answer, etc.) ④ to be different from promised
一緒 【いっしょ】① together ② at the same time ③ same, identical
汚い 【きたない】dirty, unclean, filthy
奥さん 【おくさん】wife, your wife, his wife, married lady, madam
押す 【おす】① to push, to press ② to apply pressure from above, to press down ③ to stamp (i.e. a passport), to apply a seal
過ぎ 【すぎ】① past, after ② too (much), over (e.g. eating)
皆 【みな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
階段 【かいだん】stairs, stairway, staircase
覚える 【おぼえる】① to remember, to recollect, to memorize, to memorise ② to feel
甘い 【あまい】① sweet, delicious ② fragrant (smelling), sweet (music) ③ lightly salted ④ naive, overly optimistic, soft on, generous, indulgent, easy-going ⑤ half-hearted, not finished properly ⑥ tempting (e.g. words), promising
危ない 【あぶない】① dangerous, risky, hazardous, perilous, precarious ② in danger, in jeopardy, critical, grave, at risk ③ uncertain, unreliable, insecure, unsteady, doubtful ④ close (i.e. a close call), narrow ⑤ look out!, watch out!
机 【つくえ】desk
喫茶店 【きっさてん】coffee lounge, coffee shop, (rather formal) cafe
吸う 【すう】① to smoke, to breathe in, to inhale ② to suck, to sip, to slurp ③ to absorb, to soak up ④ to kiss
狭い 【せまい】narrow, confined, small
靴 【くつ】shoes, footwear
靴下 【くつした】socks, sock, stockings, stocking
結構 【けっこう】① splendid, nice, wonderful, delicious, sweet ② sufficient, fine (in the sense of "I'm fine"), (by implication) no thank you ③ well enough, OK, tolerable ④ reasonably, fairly, tolerably
結婚 【けっこん】marriage
個 【こ】① counter for articles ② counter for military units ③ individual
呼ぶ 【よぶ】① to call out (to), to call, to invoke ② to summon (a doctor, etc.) ③ to invite ④ to designate, to name, to brand ⑤ to garner (support, etc.), to gather
降る 【ふる】to precipitate, to fall (e.g. rain)
今晩 【こんばん】tonight, this evening
困る 【こまる】to be troubled, to be worried, to be bothered, to be embarrassed, to be stumped
座る 【すわる】① to sit, to squat ② to assume (a position) ③ to hold steady, to hold still
歳 【さい】① -years-old ② ability, gift, talent, aptitude, genius
財布 【さいふ】purse, handbag, wallet
咲く 【さく】to bloom
冊 【さつ】counter for books
雑誌 【ざっし】journal, magazine, periodical
子供 【こども】child, children
若い 【わかい】young
授業 【じゅぎょう】lesson, class work
初めて 【はじめて】① for the first time ② only after ... is it ..., only when ... do you ...
寝る 【ねる】① to lie down ② to go to bed, to lie in bed ③ to sleep (lying down) ④ to sleep (with someone, i.e. have intercourse) ⑤ to lie idle
辛い 【つらい】painful, bitter, heart-breaking
吹く 【ふく】① to blow (wind, etc.), to play a wind instrument ② to emit, to spout ③ to whistle
生徒 【せいと】pupil
静か 【しずか】quiet, peaceful
洗濯 【せんたく】washing, laundry
掃除 【そうじ】cleaning, sweeping
窓 【まど】window
大変 【たいへん】① very, greatly ② immense, enormous, great ③ serious, grave, dreadful, terrible ④ difficult, hard
置く 【おく】① to put, to place ② to leave (behind) ③ to do something in advance (usu. following te-form verb)
遅い 【おそい】① slow ② late (e.g. "late at night") ③ too late
痛い 【いたい】① painful, sore ② exceeding
渡す 【わたす】① to ferry across (a river, etc.), to carry across, to traverse ② to lay across, to build across ③ to hand over, to hand in, to pass, to give, to transfer
渡る 【わたる】① to cross over, to go across ② to extend, to cover, to range, to span
難しい 【むずかしい】difficult
猫 【ねこ】① cat ② shamisen ③ geisha ④ wheelbarrow ⑤ clay bed-warmer
熱い 【あつい】hot (thing)
薄い 【うすい】① thin ② pale, light ③ watery, dilute, sparse ④ weak (taste, etc.) ⑤ slim (probability, etc.), small
晩 【ばん】① evening ② counter for nights
彼 【かれ】① he, him ② boyfriend
彼ら 【かれら】they (usually male), them
彼女 【かのじょ】① she, her ② girl friend, girlfriend, sweetheart
疲れる 【つかれる】① to get tired, to tire ② to be worn out (e.g. of well used objects)
必要 【ひつよう】① necessary, needed, essential, indispensable ② necessity, need, requirement
封筒 【ふうとう】envelope
並ぶ 【ならぶ】① to line up, to stand in a line ② to rival, to match, to equal
並べる 【ならべる】① to line up, to set up ② to enumerate, to itemize
閉める 【しめる】to close, to shut
便利 【べんり】convenient, handy, useful
忘れる 【わすれる】to forget, to leave carelessly, to be forgetful of, to forget about, to forget (an article)
忙しい 【いそがしい】busy, hectic, occupied, engaged
磨く 【みがく】① to polish, to shine, to brush (e.g. teeth) ② to refine, to improve
枚 【まい】counter for flat objects (e.g. sheets of paper)
毎晩 【まいばん】every night
友達 【ともだち】friend, companion
欲しい 【ほしい】① wanted, wished for, in need of, desired ② (after the -te form of a verb) I want (you) to
浴びる 【あびる】to bathe, to bask in the sun, to shower
頼む 【たのむ】① to request, to beg, to ask ② to call, to order, to reserve ③ to entrust to ④ to rely on
涼しい 【すずしい】cool (of weather), refreshing
冷たい 【つめたい】① cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing ② coldhearted, unfeeling
塩 【しお】salt
可愛い 【かわいい】① cute, adorable, charming, lovely, pretty ② dear, precious, darling, pet ③ cute little, tiny
居る 【いる】① to be (of animate objects), to exist ② to stay ③ (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing)
ころ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
ごろ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
匹 【ひき】① counter for small animals ② counter for rolls of cloth (two han in size) ③ roll of cloth
余り 【あまり】① remainder, rest, balance, remains, scraps, residue, remnant ② not very (with negative sentence), not much ③ surplus, excess, fullness, too much ④ overjoyed, overwhelmed ⑤ more than, over
降りる 【おりる】① to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount ② to quit, to withdraw, to pull back (from a position, a job) ③ to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.)
達 【たち】pluralizing suffix (esp. for people & animals; formerly honorific)
椅子 【いす】① chair ② post, office, position
鉛筆 【えんぴつ】pencil
花瓶 【かびん】(flower) vase
掛かる 【かかる】① to take ② to hang ③ to come into view, to arrive ④ to come under (a contract, a tax) ⑤ to start (engines, motors) ⑥ to attend, to deal with, to handle ⑦ to have started to, to be on the verge of ⑧ to overlap (e.g. information in a manual), to cover ⑨ to (come) at ⑩ to be fastened ⑪ to be covered (e.g. with dust, a table-cloth, etc.) ⑫ to be caught in ⑬ to get a call ⑭ to depend on
鞄 【かばん】bag, satchel, briefcase, basket
嫌い 【きらい】① dislike, hate ② suspicion, tendency, smack (of)
鍵 【かぎ】① key ② lock
大丈夫 【だいじょうぶ】safe, all right, OK, okay
脱ぐ 【ぬぐ】to take off (clothes, shoes, etc.), to undress
誰 【だれ】who
弾く 【ひく】to play (piano, guitar)
丁度 【ちょうど】just, right, exactly
貼る 【はる】to stick, to paste, to affix
締める 【しめる】① to tie, to fasten ② to total, to sum ③ to be strict with ④ to economize (economise), to cut down on
箸 【はし】chopsticks
風呂 【ふろ】① bath, bathtub ② bathroom, bathhouse ③ room for drying lacquerware ④ base (wooden joint connecting the blade of a hoe, spade, etc., to the handle)
僕 【ぼく】① I, me ② you (used addressing young children) ③ manservant
本棚 【ほんだな】bookshelves, bookshelf, bookcase
立派 【りっぱ】splendid, fine, handsome, elegant, imposing, prominent, legal, legitimate
隣 【となり】neighbor (neighbour), next to (esp. living next door to)
なぜwhy, how
暇 【ひま】① spare time, free time, leisure ② time off, day off, vacation, holiday, leave ③ quitting (one's job), firing someone, divorcing (one's spouse) ④ (of one's time) free, (of one's business) slow ⑤ leaving, departing
眼鏡 【めがね】① spectacles, glasses ② judgement, discrimination, discernment, insight
丈夫 【じょうぶ】healthy, robust, strong, solid, durable
嫌 【いや】disagreeable, detestable, unpleasant, reluctant
煙草 【たばこ】tobacco, cigarettes
良い 【よい】① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
あれ① that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly) ② that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors) ③ hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh? ④ that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
こちら① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
こっち① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
そしてand, and then, thus, and now
そちら① that way (direction distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ② there (place distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ③ that one (something close to the listener) ④ you, your family ⑤ that person (someone close to the listener)
そっち① that way (direction distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ② there (place distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ③ that one (something close to the listener) ④ you, your family ⑤ that person (someone close to the listener)
その① that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the ② um..., er..., uh...
それ① that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it ② that time, then
それからand then, after that
つまらない① dull, uninteresting, boring ② insignificant, trifling
とても① very, awfully, exceedingly ② (before a negative form) (not) at all, by no means, simply (cannot)
どうhow, in what way, how about
どっち① which way, which direction, where ② which one (esp. of two alternatives) ③ who
どれ① which (of three or more) ② whichever, any ③ well, now, let me see
やる① to do ② to have sexual intercourse ③ to kill ④ to give (to inferiors, animals, etc.) ⑤ to do for (inferiors) ⑥ to send (e.g. somebody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g. letter) (despatch) ⑦ to move (something to), to row (a boat) ⑧ (used in place of other verb) to have (eat, drink, smoke), to study, to run or operate (a restaurant)
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
ちょっと① just a minute, short time, just a little ② somewhat, easily, readily, rather ③ (before a verb in negative form) (will not) easily ④ hey!
いつwhen, how soon
いつも① always, usually, every time ② never (with neg. verb)
どちら① which way, which direction, where ② which one (esp. of two alternatives) ③ who
いくつ① how many? ② how old?
くれるto give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
ここ① here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place ② these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker) ③ these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
ことthing, matter, fact, circumstances, business, reason, experience
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
それでは① well then ... ② in that situation, in which case
どうしてwhy?, for what reason, how, in what way, for what purpose, what for
うるさい① noisy, loud ② fussy ③ annoying, troublesome, tiresome, importunate ④ bossy
あちら① that way (direction distant from both speaker and listener), over there, yonder ② that one (something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener), that ③ that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener) ④ there (place distant from both speaker and listener), over there, foreign country (esp. a Western nation)
まずい① unappetising, unappetizing, unpleasant (taste, appearance, situation) ② unskillful, unskilful, bungling, clumsy ③ ugly, homely, plain, unattractive ④ awkward, untimely, inopportune, unfavorable, unwise
しかしhowever, but
またagain, and, also, still (doing something)
まだ① as yet, hitherto, still ② not yet (with negative verb)
もちろんof course, certainly, naturally
どこ① where, what place ② how much (long, far), what extent
いかがhow, in what way, how about
このthis (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
きれい① pretty, lovely, beautiful, fair ② clean, clear, pure, tidy, neat ③ completely, entirely
よう① (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) appearing ..., looking ... ② (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) way to ..., method of ...ing ③ (usu. after a noun) form, style, design ④ (usu. after a noun) like, similar to ⑤ thing (thought or spoken)
つけるto turn on, to switch on, to light up
どのwhich, what (way)
もう一度 【もういちど】once more, again
そこ① there (place relatively near listener) ② there (place just mentioned), that place ③ then (of some incident just spoken of), that (of point just raised)
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
あんなsuch (about something or someone distant from both speaker and listener, or about a situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener), so, that, sort of
いらっしゃる① to come, to go, to be (somewhere) ② (after a -te form, or the particle "de") is (doing), are (doing)
うん① yeah, uh huh ② some (at the start of a number in place of a digit)
かな① I wonder (sentence ending prt) ② should I? (question prt when thinking out loud), is it? ③ I wish that (with a negative), I hope that
けれどもbut, however, although
けれどbut, however, although
さっきsome time ago
すっかりall, completely, thoroughly
だからso, therefore
ちゃんsuffix for familiar person
はっきりclearly, plainly, distinctly
やっとat last, at length
そろそろ① gradually, steadily, quietly, slowly ② soon, momentarily, before long, any time now
上がる 【あがる】① to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised ② to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in ③ to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade ④ to get out (of water), to come ashore ⑤ to increase ⑥ to improve, to make progress ⑦ to be promoted, to advance ⑧ to be made (of profit, etc.) ⑨ to occur (esp. of a favourable result) ⑩ to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.) ⑪ to be finished, to be done, to be over ⑫ (of rain) to stop, to lift ⑬ to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die ⑭ to win (in a card game, etc.) ⑮ to be arrested ⑯ to turn up (of evidence, etc.) ⑰ to be deep fried ⑱ to be spoken loudly ⑲ to get stage fright ⑳ to be offered (to the gods, etc.) ○ to go, to visit ○ to eat, to drink ○ to be listed (as a candidate) ○ to serve (in one's master's home) ○ (in Kyoto) to go north ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) indicates completion
日本 【にっぽん】Japan
アルバイト① part-time job, side job ② albite
カーテンcurtain, curtains
タイプ① type, kind, sort, style ② typewriter, typing
ビル① building ② bill
ママ① Mama ② female proprietress (of a bar, etc.)
安心 【あんしん】relief, peace of mind
以外 【いがい】with the exception of, excepting
以上 【いじょう】① not less than, ... and more, ... and upwards ② beyond ... (e.g. one's means), further (e.g. nothing further to say), more than ... (e.g. cannot pay more than that) ③ above-mentioned, foregoing ④ since ..., seeing that ... ⑤ this is all, that is the end, the end
意見 【いけん】opinion, view
医学 【いがく】medical science, medicine
員 【いん】member
運ぶ 【はこぶ】① to carry, to transport, to move, to convey ② to come, to go ③ to wield (a tool, etc.), to use ④ to go (well, etc.), to proceed, to progress
運動 【うんどう】motion, exercise
遠く 【とおく】far away, distant, at a distance, distant place, by far
屋上 【おくじょう】rooftop
下げる 【さげる】to hang, to lower, to move back, to wear, to dismiss, to grant
下着 【したぎ】underwear
火 【ひ】fire, flame, blaze
火事 【かじ】fire, conflagration
会 【かい】① meeting, assembly, party ② association, club
会話 【かいわ】conversation
開く 【ひらく】① to open (e.g. a bank-account, festival, etc.) ② to spread out, to open up (flower bud, umbrella, etc.), to widen (gap, distance, width) ③ to hold, to give (party, conference, etc.)
楽しむ 【たのしむ】to enjoy oneself
間に合う 【まにあう】① to be in time for ② to serve (suit, meet) the purpose, to be good enough, to be enough
帰り 【かえり】return, coming back
気 【き】① spirit, mind, heart ② nature, disposition ③ motivation, intention ④ mood, feelings ⑤ atmosphere, essence
気分 【きぶん】feeling, mood
起こす 【おこす】to raise, to cause, to wake someone
急 【きゅう】① urgent, sudden, abrupt ② sharp, steep, precipitous ③ rapid, swift, fast ④ emergency, crisis ⑤ hurrying, haste ⑥ (in gagaku or noh) end of a song
急ぐ 【いそぐ】to hurry, to rush, to hasten, to make something happen sooner
金持ち 【かねもち】rich man
空気 【くうき】air, atmosphere
計画 【けいかく】plan, project, schedule, scheme, program, programme
見える 【みえる】① to be seen, to be in sight ② to look, to seem, to appear ③ to come
好く 【すく】to like, to love, to be fond of
校長 【こうちょう】principal, headmaster
高校 【こうこう】senior high school
高校生 【こうこうせい】senior high school student
合う 【あう】① to come together, to merge, to unite, to meet ② to fit, to match, to suit, to agree with, to be correct ③ to be profitable, to be equitable ④ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to do ... to each other, to do ... together
今度 【こんど】now, this time, next time, another time
始める 【はじめる】① to start, to begin, to commence, to initiate, to originate ② to open (e.g. a store), to start up, to establish (business. etc.) ③ to start (doing something), to begin to ...
子 【こ】① child ② young (animal) ③ young woman, young geisha ④ offshoot ⑤ interest ⑥ new shares ⑦ (after a noun or -masu stem) -er (often of young women)
思い出す 【おもいだす】to recall, to remember
止める 【とめる】① to stop (something or someone), to turn off ② to concentrate on, to pay attention to ③ to remember, to bear in mind ④ to fix into place ⑤ to park, to leave somewhere for a time
止める 【やめる】to end, to stop, to cease, to resign
試験 【しけん】examination, test, study, trial, experiment
試合 【しあい】match, game, bout, contest
字 【じ】① character (i.e. kanji) ② hand-writing, penmanship ③ the ... word (i.e. "the L word" = "love")
時代 【じだい】① period, epoch, era, age ② the times, those days ③ oldness, ancientness, antiquity ④ antique, period piece
社会 【しゃかい】society, public
集める 【あつめる】to collect, to assemble, to gather
十分 【じゅうぶん】① plenty, enough, sufficient, satisfactory, adequate ② division into ten ③ perfectly, thoroughly, fully, in full
出発 【しゅっぱつ】departure
小学校 【しょうがっこう】primary school, elementary school, grade school
小説 【しょうせつ】novel, (short) story
少年 【しょうねん】boys, juveniles
場合 【ばあい】case, situation
心 【こころ】① mind, heart, spirit ② the meaning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
親 【おや】① parent, parents ② dealer (in cards) ③ founder ④ (pet) owner
親切 【しんせつ】kindness, gentleness
水道 【すいどう】water service, water supply
世界 【せかい】the world, society, the universe
世話 【せわ】looking after, help, aid, assistance
正しい 【ただしい】right, just, correct, righteous, honest, truthful, proper, straightforward, perfect
生きる 【いきる】to live, to exist
赤ちゃん 【あかちゃん】baby, infant
説明 【せつめい】explanation, exposition
送る 【おくる】① to send (a thing), to dispatch, to despatch ② to take or escort (a person somewhere), to see off (a person) ③ to bid farewell (to the departed), to bury ④ to spend (time), to live one's life ⑤ to pass (down the line) ⑥ to affix okurigana
足す 【たす】① to add (numbers) ② to add (something), to top up (with something) ③ to take care of (e.g. one's business)
足りる 【たりる】① to be sufficient, to be enough ② to be worth doing, to be worthy ③ to be sufficient, to answer, to do
村 【むら】village
大事 【だいじ】important, valuable, serious matter
大体 【だいたい】general, substantially, outline, main point, approximately, about
地理 【ちり】geography
着物 【きもの】① clothing, clothes ② kimono (or other trad. Japanese clothing)
中学校 【ちゅうがっこう】junior high school, middle school, lower secondary school
昼休み 【ひるやすみ】lunch break, noon recess, noon rest period
注意 【ちゅうい】caution, being careful, attention (heed), warning, advice
通う 【かよう】① to go back and forth, to ply between ② to commute, to attend (school, church, etc.)
通り 【とおり】avenue, street, way
通る 【とおる】to pass (by), to go through, to walk along, to pass exams, to attend (e.g. school)
都合 【つごう】circumstances, condition, convenience
動く 【うごく】① to move, to stir, to shift, to shake, to swing ② to operate, to run, to go, to work ③ to be touched, to be influenced ④ to change, to vary, to fluctuate, to waver ⑤ certain, factual ⑥ to be transferred
特に 【とくに】particularly, especially
特別 【とくべつ】special
日 【ひ】① day, days ② sun, sunshine, sunlight ③ case (esp. unfortunate), event
入学 【にゅうがく】entry to school or university, matriculation
発音 【はつおん】pronunciation
不便 【ふべん】inconvenience, inexpediency, unhandiness
別 【べつ】distinction, difference, different, another, particular, separate, extra, exception
別に 【べつに】① (not) particularly, nothing ② separately, apart
味 【あじ】① flavor, flavour, taste ② charm, style ③ experience ④ smart, clever, witty, strange
用 【よう】① task, business ② use, duty, service ③ call of nature, excretion
用意 【ようい】preparation
用事 【ようじ】tasks, things to do, errand, business (to take care of), affairs, engagement
立てる 【たてる】① to stand (something) up, to erect (something) ② to make (a noise, a sound) ③ to put (tooth, claw, pointed object) to ④ to set (a plan, etc.), to decide (objective, schedule)
力 【ちから】① force, strength, might, vigour (vigor), energy ② capability, ability, proficiency, capacity, faculty ③ efficacy, effect ④ effort, endeavours (endeavors), exertions ⑤ power, authority, influence, good offices, agency ⑥ support, help, aid, assistance ⑦ stress, emphasis ⑧ means, resources
一度 【いちど】① once, one time, on one occasion ② temporarily, for a moment ③ one degree, one tone, one musical interval
音 【おと】① sound, noise, report ② note (music) ③ fame
行く 【ゆく】① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
昼間 【ひるま】daytime, during the day
夕飯 【ゆうはん】evening meal
空く 【あく】① to be empty ② to be vacant, to be available, to be free
行う 【おこなう】to perform, to do, to conduct oneself, to carry out
代わり 【かわり】① substitute, deputy, proxy, alternate, relief, compensation, second helping ② in place of, as a substitute for
聞こえる 【きこえる】① to be heard, to be audible ② to be said to be, to be reputed
気持ち 【きもち】feeling, sensation, mood
首 【くび】① neck ② head ③ unemployed person
仕方 【しかた】way, method, means, resource, course
台風 【たいふう】typhoon, hurricane
引き出し 【ひきだし】① drawer ② withdrawal, drawing out
引き出す 【ひきだす】to pull out, to take out, to draw out, to withdraw
回る 【まわる】① to turn, to revolve ② to visit several places ③ to function well ④ to pass a certain time
真ん中 【まんなか】middle, centre, center, mid-way
見つける 【みつける】① to discover, to find (e.g. an error in a book), to come across, to detect ② to locate, to find (e.g. something missing), to find fault ③ to be used to seeing, to be familiar with
別れる 【わかれる】to be divided, to part from, to separate, to bid farewell
代 【だい】① charge, cost, price ② generation, age, reign ③ (geological) era ④ (after someone's name or title) a representative of, on behalf of, for (someone) ⑤ used after a phone number to indicate that it is a switchboard number ⑥ counter for decades of ages, eras, etc. ⑦ counter for generations (of inheritors to a throne, etc.) ⑧ proxy application company
安全 【あんぜん】① safety ② security
以内 【いない】within, inside of, less than
育てる 【そだてる】to raise, to rear, to bring up
科学 【かがく】science
泣く 【なく】to cry, to weep, to sob, to howl
教育 【きょういく】training, education
近所 【きんじょ】neighbourhood, neighborhood
形 【かたち】① form, shape, figure ② visage
決して 【けっして】never, by no means, decidedly, indisputably
決める 【きめる】to decide
血 【ち】blood, consanguinity
お礼 【おれい】thanking, expression of gratitude
交通 【こうつう】communication, transportation, traffic, intercourse
光 【ひかり】light
細かい 【こまかい】① small ② fine, minute ③ minor, trivial ④ sensitive, attentive
参る 【まいる】① to go, to come, to call ② to be defeated, to collapse, to die ③ to be annoyed, to be nonplussed ④ to be madly in love ⑤ to visit (shrine, grave)
残る 【のこる】to remain, to be left
指 【ゆび】finger, toe, digit
糸 【いと】thread, yarn, string
寺 【てら】temple (Buddhist)
自由 【じゆう】freedom, liberty, as it pleases you
手伝う 【てつだう】to help, to assist, to take part in
受ける 【うける】① to receive, to accept, to get, to inherit ② to catch (e.g. a ball), to parry (e.g. a blow), to take (lesson, test, damage), to sustain (damage), to incur (loss) ③ to become popular, to be well-received, to go down well
拾う 【ひろう】to pick up, to find, to gather
住所 【じゅうしょ】address (e.g. of house), residence, domicile
勝つ 【かつ】to win, to gain victory
焼く 【やく】① to bake, to grill ② to develop (photos) ③ to suntan ④ to burn (in flames, down, CD, DVD, etc.), to scorch ⑤ to be jealous, to be envious
焼ける 【やける】① to burn, to be roasted, to be heated, to be sunburnt, to fade (in the sun), to glow red (i.e. of the sky at sunset) ② to be jealous, to be envious
場所 【ばしょ】① place, location, spot, position ② room, space ③ basho (sumo wrestling tournament)
植える 【うえる】to plant, to grow
心配 【しんぱい】① worry, concern, anxiety ② care, help, aid, assistance
深い 【ふかい】deep, profound, thick, close
申し上げる 【もうしあげる】① to say, to tell, to state ② to do for
真面目 【まじめ】diligent, serious, honest, sober, grave, earnest, steady
神社 【じんじゃ】Shinto shrine
進む 【すすむ】① to advance, to go forward ② to precede, to go ahead (of) ③ to make progress, to improve ④ to deepen, to heighten ⑤ to do of one's own free will
数学 【すうがく】mathematics, arithmetic
星 【ほし】① star, any light-emitting (or reflecting) heavenly body (except for the sun and the moon) ② suspect (police slang)
生活 【せいかつ】living, life (one's daily existence), livelihood
製 【せい】-made, make
昔 【むかし】olden days, former
石 【いし】① stone ② gem, jewel
線 【せん】line (also telephone, railway), wire, beam
全然 【ぜんぜん】① not at all (with neg. verb) ② wholly, entirely, completely
相談 【そうだん】consultation, discussion
草 【くさ】grass
息子 【むすこ】son
打つ 【うつ】① to hit (something inanimate), to strike, to beat (on something) ② to type, to tap (e.g. a key) ③ to inject ④ to indulge in gambling ⑤ to visit (on a pilgrimage)
虫 【むし】insect, bug, cricket, moth, worm
調べる 【しらべる】to examine, to investigate, to check up, to sense, to study, to inquire, to search
点 【てん】① spot, mark ② point, dot ③ mark (e.g. in exam), score, points ④ counter for goods or items
伝える 【つたえる】to convey, to report, to transmit, to communicate, to tell, to impart, to propagate, to teach, to bequeath
島 【しま】① island ② territory (of a prostitute, organized crime gang, etc.), turf
投げる 【なげる】① to throw, to cast away ② to face defeat, to give up
湯 【ゆ】① hot water ② hot bath, hot spring
道具 【どうぐ】implement, tool, means
倍 【ばい】① twice, double ② times, -fold
反対 【はんたい】opposition, resistance, antagonism, hostility, contrast, objection, dissension, reverse, opposite, vice versa
悲しい 【かなしい】sad, sorrowful
美しい 【うつくしい】beautiful, lovely
負ける 【まける】to lose, to be defeated
文化 【ぶんか】① culture, civilization, civilisation ② Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)
返事 【へんじ】reply, answer, response
無くなる 【なくなる】to disappear, to get lost
無理 【むり】unreasonable, impossible, overdoing
毛 【け】hair, fur
役に立つ 【やくにたつ】to be helpful, to be useful
遊び 【あそび】① playing ② play (margin between on and off, gap before pressing button or lever has an effect)
予定 【よてい】plans, arrangement, schedule, program, programme, expectation, estimate
様 【さま】① Mr, Mrs or Ms ② used (gen. in fixed expressions) to make words more polite ③ manner, kind, appearance
葉 【は】leaf
落ちる 【おちる】① to fall down, to drop ② to fail (e.g. exam) ③ to crash, to degenerate, to degrade ④ to fade, to come out (e.g. a stain)
理由 【りゆう】reason, pretext, motive
留守 【るす】① absence, being away from home ② house-sitting, house-sitter ③ being left unattended to (of one's studies, etc.), neglecting
両方 【りょうほう】both sides, both parties
礼 【れい】thanking, expression of gratitude
選ぶ 【えらぶ】to choose, to select
落とす 【おとす】① to drop, to lose, to let fall ② to clean off (dirt, makeup, paint, etc.), to remove (e.g. stains) ③ to download
決まる 【きまる】① to be decided, to be settled ② to look good in (clothes)
具合 【ぐあい】condition, state, manner, health
全て 【すべて】all, the whole, entirely, in general, wholly, overall
確か 【たしか】① certain, sure, definite ② if I'm not mistaken, if I remember correctly
直す 【なおす】① to cure, to heal ② to fix, to correct, to repair ③ to do over again (after -masu base of verb) ④ to replace, to put back as it was ⑤ to convert (into a different state), to transform
向かう 【むかう】① to face ② to go towards
案内 【あんない】① information, guidance, leading ② to guide, to show (around), to conduct
移る 【うつる】① to move (house), to transfer (department) ② to change the target of interest or concern ③ to elapse (passage of time) ④ to be permeated by a colour or scent ⑤ to be infected, to be contagious, to spread (as in fire)
引っ越す 【ひっこす】to move (house), to change residence
過ぎる 【すぎる】① to pass through, to pass by, to go beyond ② to pass (i.e. of time), to elapse ③ to have expired, to have ended, to be over ④ to exceed, to surpass, to be above ⑤ to be no more than ... ⑥ (often used after adjective stems or the -masu stems of verbs) to be excessive, to be too much, to be too ...
掛ける 【かける】① to hang (e.g. picture), to hoist (e.g. sail), to raise (e.g. flag) ② to sit ③ to be partway (verb), to begin (but not complete) ④ to take (time, money), to expend (money, time, etc.) ⑤ to make (a call) ⑥ to multiply ⑦ to secure (e.g. lock) ⑧ to put on (glasses, etc.) ⑨ to cover ⑩ to burden someone ⑪ to apply (insurance) ⑫ to turn on (an engine, etc.), to set (a dial, an alarm clock, etc.) ⑬ to put an effect (spell, anaesthetic, etc.) on ⑭ to hold an emotion for (pity, hope, etc.) ⑮ to bind ⑯ to pour (or sprinkle, spray, etc.) onto ⑰ to argue (in court), to deliberate (in a meeting), to present (e.g. idea to a conference, etc.) ⑱ to increase further ⑲ to catch (in a trap, etc.) ⑳ to set atop ○ to erect (a makeshift building) ○ to hold (a play, festival, etc.) ○ (after -masu stem of verb) indicates (verb) is being directed to (someone)
割れる 【われる】① to break, to be smashed ② to split, to crack, to fissure, to be torn ③ to be divided, to cleave ④ to come to light
慣れる 【なれる】① to grow accustomed to, to get too familiar with ② to become domesticated, to become tame
簡単 【かんたん】simple
間違える 【まちがえる】① to make a mistake (in), to commit an error (e.g. in calculation) ② to confuse, to mistake something for something else
関係 【かんけい】relation, connection
危険 【きけん】① danger, peril, hazard ② dangerous, hazardous
喜ぶ 【よろこぶ】① to be delighted, to be glad, to be pleased ② to congratulate ③ to gratefully accept
寄る 【よる】to visit, to drop in, to approach
機会 【きかい】chance, opportunity
機械 【きかい】① machine, mechanism ② instrument, appliance, apparatus
祈る 【いのる】to pray, to wish
季節 【きせつ】season
隅 【すみ】corner, nook, recess
景色 【けしき】scenery, scene, landscape
経験 【けいけん】experience
警察 【けいさつ】police
迎える 【むかえる】① to go out to meet ② to receive, to welcome ③ to accept (e.g. as a member of a group or family) ④ to call for, to summon, to invite ⑤ to approach (a certain time, a point in one's life, etc.)
原因 【げんいん】cause, origin, source
郊外 【こうがい】suburb, outskirts
国際 【こくさい】international
最近 【さいきん】latest, most recent, nowadays
最後 【さいご】① last, end, conclusion ② (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga") no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences)
最初 【さいしょ】beginning, outset, first, onset
妻 【つま】① wife ② garnish (esp. one served with sashimi) ③ embellishment
済む 【すむ】① to finish, to end, to be completed ② to merely result in something less severe than expected ③ to feel at ease ④ (neg) to feel unease or guilt for troubling someone, to be sorry
残念 【ざんねん】deplorable, bad luck, regret, disappointment
市民 【しみん】citizen, townspeople
事故 【じこ】① accident, incident, trouble ② circumstances, reasons
似る 【にる】to resemble, to be similar
失敗 【しっぱい】failure, mistake, blunder
失礼 【しつれい】① discourtesy, impoliteness ② Excuse me, Goodbye ③ to leave ④ to be rude
捨てる 【すてる】to throw away, to cast aside, to abandon, to resign, to break up with (someone)
手袋 【てぶくろ】glove, mitten, mitt
習慣 【しゅうかん】custom, habit, manners
柔道 【じゅうどう】judo
準備 【じゅんび】preparation, setup, arrangements, provision, reserve
女性 【じょせい】① woman, female ② feminine gender
将来 【しょうらい】future (usually near), prospects
招待 【しょうたい】invitation
笑う 【わらう】① to laugh ② to smile ③ to sneer, to ridicule
紹介 【しょうかい】introduction, referral
畳 【たたみ】tatami mat (Japanese straw floor coverings)
触る 【さわる】to touch, to feel
政治 【せいじ】politics, government
席 【せき】① seat ② location (of a gathering, etc.), place ③ position, post
折れる 【おれる】to break, to be folded, to give in, to turn (a corner)
専門 【せんもん】speciality, specialty, subject of study, expert
戦争 【せんそう】war
祖父 【そふ】① grandfather ② old man ③ kyogen mask used for the role of an old man
祖母 【そぼ】grandmother
続く 【つづく】① to continue, to last, to go on ② to be unbroken ③ to occur again and again ④ to lead to, to connect to
続ける 【つづける】to continue, to keep up, to keep on
卒業 【そつぎょう】graduation, completion (e.g. of a course)
男性 【だんせい】① man, male ② masculine gender
地震 【じしん】earthquake
恥ずかしい 【はずかしい】shy, ashamed, embarrassed
珍しい 【めずらしい】① unusual, rare, curious ② new, novel ③ fine (e.g. gift)
程 【ほど】① degree, extent, bounds, limit ② indicates approx. amount or maximum, upper limit
適当 【てきとう】① suitable, adequate, relevant, appropriate, fit ② random, halfhearted, on the spot, whatever works
電灯 【でんとう】electric light
土産 【みやげ】present, souvenir
怒る 【おこる】① to get angry, to get mad ② to tell someone off, to scold ③ to be angular, to be square
倒れる 【たおれる】① to fall, to collapse, to drop, to fall senseless ② to be forced to bed (by illness, etc.) ③ to die ④ to go bankrupt, to be ruined, to have a bad debt ⑤ to be defeated (in a game) ⑥ to fall (of governments, dictators, etc.)
盗む 【ぬすむ】to steal
逃げる 【にげる】to escape, to run away
届ける 【とどける】to deliver, to forward, to send, to report, to file notice (to the authorities)
熱 【ねつ】fever, temperature
背中 【せなか】back (of body)
泊まる 【とまる】① to stay at (e.g. hotel) ② to be docked, to be berthed, to be moored
髪 【かみ】hair (on the head)
必ず 【かならず】always, without exception, necessarily, certainly, without fail, positively, invariably
付く 【つく】① to be attached, to be connected with, to adhere, to stick, to cling ② to remain imprinted, to scar, to stain, to dye ③ to bear (fruit, interest, etc.) ④ to be acquired (of a habit, ability, etc.), to increase (of strength, etc.) ⑤ to take root ⑥ to accompany, to attend, to follow, to study with ⑦ to side with, to belong to ⑧ to possess, to haunt ⑨ to be lit, to be lighted ⑩ to be settled, to be resolved, to be decided ⑪ to be given (of a name, price, etc.) ⑫ to be sensed, to be perceived ⑬ to be lucky ⑭ (after -masu stems, onomatopoeic and mimetic words) to become (a state, condition, etc.)
夫 【おっと】husband
布団 【ふとん】① futon (quilted Japanese-style mattress laid out on the floor) ② round cushion used for Zen meditation (traditionally made of woven bulrush leaves)
普通 【ふつう】① general, ordinary, usual ② normally, generally, usually ③ train that stops at every station
複雑 【ふくざつ】complex, complicated
払う 【はらう】① to pay ② to brush, to wipe
仏教 【ぶっきょう】Buddhism
文法 【ぶんぽう】grammar, syntax
壁 【かべ】① wall, barrier ② Chinese "Wall" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
変 【へん】① strange, odd, peculiar, weird, curious, queer, eccentric, funny, suspicious, fishy ② unexpected ③ change ④ incident, disturbance, disaster, accident ⑤ flat (music)
変える 【かえる】to change, to alter, to vary, to convert, to revise, to amend, to transform
変わる 【かわる】to change, to be transformed, to vary, to be revised, to be different, to move location
片付ける 【かたづける】① to tidy up, to put in order, to straighten up, to put away ② to settle (problem), to clear (dispute) ③ to finish, to bring something to an end ④ to marry off (e.g. a daughter) ⑤ to do away with someone, to bump someone off
暮れる 【くれる】to get dark, to end, to come to an end, to close, to run out
法律 【ほうりつ】law
訪ねる 【たずねる】to visit
亡くなる 【なくなる】to die
忘れ物 【わすれもの】lost article, something forgotten
眠い 【ねむい】sleepy, drowsy, somnolent
眠る 【ねむる】① to sleep (not necessarily lying down) ② to die
夢 【ゆめ】dream
娘 【むすめ】① (my) daughter ② girl (i.e. a young, unmarried woman)
戻る 【もどる】to turn back, to return, to go back, to recover, to rebound
約束 【やくそく】① arrangement, promise, appointment, pact, engagement ② convention, rule
優しい 【やさしい】tender, kind, gentle, graceful, affectionate, amiable, suave
利用 【りよう】use, utilization, utilisation, application
裏 【うら】① bottom (or another side that is hidden from view), undersurface, opposite side, reverse side ② rear, back, behind (the house) ③ lining, inside ④ out of sight, behind the scenes ⑤ proof ⑥ opposite (of a prediction, common sense, etc.) ⑦ inverse (of a hypothesis, etc.) ⑧ bottom (of an inning), last half (of an inning)
冷える 【ひえる】to grow cold, to get chilly, to cool down
歴史 【れきし】history
連れる 【つれる】to lead, to take (a person)
連絡 【れんらく】① to contact, to get in touch ② contacting, getting in touch, communication, call, message ③ connection, coordination, junction ④ intercalary, intercalaris, internuncial
腕 【うで】① arm ② skill
途中 【とちゅう】① on the way, en route ② in the middle of, midway
包む 【つつむ】① to wrap up, to tuck in, to pack, to do up, to cover with, to dress in ② to conceal, to hide, to be engulfed in, to be enveloped by
贈り物 【おくりもの】present, gift
遅れる 【おくれる】to be late, to be delayed, to fall behind schedule, to be overdue
格好 【かっこう】① shape, form, posture, appearance, manner ② suitability, moderateness (in price)
込む 【こむ】① to be crowded, to be packed ② to be complex ③ to go into, to put into, to remain (seated), to be plunged into (silence), to do thoroughly ④ to do intently ⑤ to continue in the same state
怖い 【こわい】① scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful ② (I'm) afraid
ご存じ 【ごぞんじ】① knowing ② (an) acquaintance
探す 【さがす】to search (for something desired, needed), to look for
捕まえる 【つかまえる】to catch, to arrest, to seize
治る 【なおる】to be cured, to get well, to be healed
値段 【ねだん】price, cost
乗り換える 【のりかえる】to transfer (trains), to change (bus, train)
増える 【ふえる】to increase, to multiply
柔らかい 【やわらかい】soft, tender, limp
割合 【わりあい】① rate, ratio, percentage, proportion ② comparatively ③ contrary to expectations
背 【せ】① back, spine ② reverse, rear side ③ height ④ ridge (of a mountain)
お嬢さん 【おじょうさん】① daughter ② young lady
挨拶 【あいさつ】① greeting, greetings, salutation, salute ② speech (congratulatory or appreciative), address ③ reply, response ④ a fine thing to say (used as part of a sarcastic response to a rude remark) ⑤ (orig. meaning) dialoging (with another Zen practitioner to ascertain their level of enlightenment)
一生懸命 【いっしょうけんめい】very hard, with utmost effort, with all one's might, for dear life
嘘 【うそ】lie, falsehood, incorrect fact
壊す 【こわす】① to break, to destroy, to demolish ② to wreck, to ruin, to spoil, to damage ③ to break (a bill, etc.)
壊れる 【こわれる】① to be broken, to break ② to fall through, to come to nothing
滑る 【すべる】① to glide, to slide (e.g. on skis), to slip ② to bomb (when telling a joke)
噛む 【かむ】① to bite, to chew, to gnaw ② to fumble or falter with one's words
頑張る 【がんばる】to persist, to insist on, to stand firm, to try one's best
嬉しい 【うれしい】happy, glad, pleasant
興味 【きょうみ】interest (in something)
鏡 【かがみ】mirror
驚く 【おどろく】to be surprised, to be astonished
喧嘩 【けんか】quarrel, brawl, fight, squabble, scuffle
厳しい 【きびしい】① severe, strict, rigid, unsparing, relentless ② stern, austere, grave, solemn, majestic ③ intense (cold)
謝る 【あやまる】to apologize, to apologise
邪魔 【じゃま】hindrance, intrusion
趣味 【しゅみ】hobby, tastes, preference
随分 【ずいぶん】① very, extremely, surprisingly, considerably ② contemptible, reprehensible
先輩 【せんぱい】senior (at work or school), superior, elder, older graduate, progenitor, old-timer
素晴らしい 【すばらしい】wonderful, splendid, magnificent
駄目 【だめ】useless, no good, hopeless
丁寧 【ていねい】polite, courteous, careful, care, kind, close, thorough, conscientious
田舎 【いなか】① rural area, countryside, the sticks ② hometown
踏む 【ふむ】① to step on, to tread on ② to experience, to undergo ③ to estimate, to value, to appraise ④ to rhyme ⑤ to follow (rules, morals, principles, etc.)
濡れる 【ぬれる】to get wet
漫画 【まんが】comic, cartoon
揺れる 【ゆれる】to shake, to sway
寂しい 【さびしい】lonely, lonesome, solitary, desolate
包む 【くるむ】to wrap up, to tuck in, to pack, to do up, to cover with, to dress in
きっとsurely, undoubtedly, almost certainly, most likely (e.g. 90 percent)
こう① in this way (used for something or someone close to the speaker, including the speaker himself, or for the opinions of the speaker), thus, such ② uh... (interjection used as a verbal pause)
これからafter this
それでand, thereupon, because of that
それにbesides, moreover
それほどto that degree, extent
ちっともnot at all (neg. verb)
もしif, in case, supposing
やっぱりalso, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
やはりalso, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
おかしいstrange, funny, amusing, ridiculous
いじめるto tease, to torment, to persecute, to chastise
びっくり① to be surprised, to be amazed, to be frightened, to be astonished ② surprise (e.g. surprise party) ③ surprise
しばらく① little while, short while, moment, instant ② a while, quite a time ③ it's been a long time
しまうto finish, to close, to do something completely, to put away, to put an end to
すごい① terrible, dreadful ② amazing (e.g. of strength), great (e.g. of skills), wonderful, terrific ③ to a great extent, vast (in numbers)
なるべくas much as possible, wherever practicable
なるほどI see, That's right!, Indeed
つもり① intention, plan ② conviction, belief
ぶつto hit (a person), to strike, to beat
とうとうfinally, at last, reaching a head
はず① expectation that something took place, will take place or was in some state, it should be so, bound to be, expected to be, must be ② nock (of a bow) ③ nock (of an arrow) ④ nock-shaped grip (between thumb and forefinger) (Sumo)
もらう① to receive, to take, to accept ② to get somebody to do something (follows a verb in "te" form)
わけconclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard, reason, cause, meaning, circumstances, situation
まま① as it is, as one likes, because, as ② condition, state
しっかりfirmly, tightly, reliable, level-headed, steady
なかなか① very, considerably, easily, readily, fairly, quite, highly, rather ② by no means (with negative verb)
のど① throat ② singing voice
ひどいcruel, awful, severe, very bad, serious, terrible, heavy, violent
間違う 【まちがう】to make a mistake, to be incorrect, to be mistaken
たまにoccasionally, once in a while
もうすぐvery soon
うっかりcarelessly, thoughtlessly, inadvertently
お前 【おまえ】① you (masc) (formerly honorific, now sometimes derog. term referring to an equal or inferior) ② presence (of a god, nobleman, etc.)
がっかりfeel disappointed, dejected, lose heart, feel emotionally drained, feel let down
さっぱり① feeling refreshed, feeling relieved ② neat, trimmed ③ plain, simple ④ completely, entirely ⑤ not in the least (in sentence with negative verb), not at all ⑥ completely ignorant, not doing at all
するとthereupon, hereupon
ずっと① continuously in some state (for a long time, distance), throughout, all along, the whole time, all the way ② much (better, etc.), by far, far and away ③ far away, long ago ④ direct, straight
そっとsoftly, gently, quietly, secretly
たっぷりfull, in plenty, ample
だらけ① implying (negatively) that something is full of (e.g. mistakes) ② covered all over (e.g. with blood)
ちゃんとperfectly, properly, exactly
だって① after all, because ② but, however ③ even, even if ④ too, as well, also ⑤ they say, I hear, you mean
どうせanyhow, in any case, at any rate, after all, at best, at most, at all
どんなにhow, how much
なんかthings like ..., or something like that ... (often derogatory)
ぴったりexactly, neatly, sharp
ぼんやりabsent-minded, blockhead, dim, faint, vague
まあyou might say, Oh!, Wow!, Well!
何とか 【なんとか】① something, something or other, so-and-so ② somehow, anyhow, one way or another
何とも 【なんとも】nothing (with neg. verb), quite, not a bit
外す 【はずす】① to unfasten, to undo ② to remove, to take off, to deinstall ③ to leave, to step out, to slip away ④ to miss (a target)
外れる 【はずれる】to be disconnected, to get out of place, to be off, to be out (e.g. of gear)
学ぶ 【まなぶ】to study (in depth), to learn, to take lessons in
気に入る 【きにいる】to be pleased with, to suit
金 【きん】① gold, golden (color), metaphor for (most) valuable, gold (medal, cup) ② money (written before an amount) ③ Friday ④ metal (fourth of the five elements) ⑤ Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE) ⑥ gold general (shogi) ⑦ karat, carat
見下ろす 【みおろす】to overlook, to command a view of, to look down on something
見上げる 【みあげる】to look up at, to raise one's eyes, to admire
今にも 【いまにも】at any time, soon
今後 【こんご】from now on, hereafter
左右 【さゆう】① left and right ② influence, control, domination
女子 【じょし】woman, girl
上 【じょう】① from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of ② aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above ③ first volume (e.g. book) ④ superior quality, best, top, high class ⑤ going up ⑥ governmental, imperial ⑦ presenting, showing
人間 【にんげん】① human being, man, person ② character (of a person)
人気 【にんき】popularity, popular feeling, business conditions
人生 【じんせい】(human) life (i.e. conception to death)
生 【なま】① raw, uncooked, fresh ② natural, unedited, unprocessed, crude ③ live (i.e. not recorded) ④ inexperienced, unpolished, green ⑤ impudence, sauciness ⑥ unpasteurized beer, draft beer, draught beer ⑦ partially, somewhat, half-, semi-
生える 【はえる】① to grow, to spring up ② to cut (teeth)
生じる 【しょうじる】① to produce, to yield ② to result from, to arise, to be generated
大いに 【おおいに】very, much, greatly, a lot of
大した 【たいした】considerable, great, important, significant, a big deal
大して 【たいして】(not so) much, (not) very
大半 【たいはん】majority, mostly, generally
男子 【だんし】youth, young man
中学 【ちゅうがく】middle school, junior high school
長 【ちょう】chief, head
読み 【よみ】reading
読書 【どくしょ】reading
年間 【ねんかん】year (period of)
年生 【ねんせい】pupil in ... year, student in ... year
半ば 【なかば】middle, half, semi, halfway, partly
分ける 【わける】to divide, to separate, to make distinctions, to differentiate (between)
本人 【ほんにん】the person himself
本来 【ほんらい】① originally, primarily ② essentially, naturally, by nature, in (and of) itself ③ proper, legal
名 【な】name, reputation
話しかける 【はなしかける】to accost a person, to talk (to someone)
一生 【いっしょう】① whole life, a lifetime, all through life, one existence, a generation, an age, the whole world, the era ② (the only, the greatest, etc.) of one's life
行き 【いき】① bound for ... ② going (to)
食う 【くう】① to eat ② to live, to make a living, to survive ③ to bite, to sting (as insects do) ④ to tease, to torment, to taunt, to make light of, to make fun of ⑤ to encroach on, to eat into, to consume ⑥ to defeat a superior, to threaten a position ⑦ to consume time and-or resources ⑧ to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
見つめる 【みつめる】to stare at, to gaze at, to look hard at, to watch intently, to fix one's eyes on
分かれる 【わかれる】① to branch, to fork, to diverge ② to separate, to split, to divide ③ to disperse, to scatter
生まれ 【うまれ】birth, birthplace
何で 【なんで】① why?, what for? ② how?, by what means?
中 【ちゅう】① medium, average, middle ② moderation ③ middle school ④ China ⑤ in, out of (e.g. three out of ten people) ⑥ during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while
どうかplease, somehow or other
学 【がく】learning, scholarship, erudition, knowledge
そんなにso much, so, like that
みたい-like, sort of, similar to, resembling
間 【かん】① interval, period of time ② among, between, inter-
大 【だい】① the large part of ② big, large, great ③ approximate size, no larger than ④ -university ⑤ large (e.g. serving size), loud (e.g. volume setting)
生 【せい】① life, living ② I, me, myself
なんて① such as, (things) like ② exclamation
後 【ご】after
名 【めい】① counter for people (usu. seating, reservations and such) ② first name ③ famous, great
以前 【いぜん】ago, since, before, previous
以来 【いらい】since, henceforth
意外 【いがい】unexpected, surprising
一体 【いったい】① ...the heck (e.g. "what the heck?"), ...in the world (e.g. "why in the world?"), ...on earth (e.g. "who on earth?") ② one object, one body, unity ③ one form, one style ④ one Buddhist image (or carving, etc.) ⑤ generally, in general
運 【うん】fortune, luck
下がる 【さがる】to hang down, to abate, to retire, to fall, to step back
海外 【かいがい】foreign, abroad, overseas
開始 【かいし】start, commencement, beginning, initiation
学習 【がくしゅう】study, learning, tutorial
楽 【らく】comfort, ease
起こる 【おこる】to occur, to happen
去る 【さる】① to leave, to go away ② to pass, to elapse ③ to be distant ④ to send away, to drive off, to divorce ⑤ (after a -masu stem, esp. of a suru verb) ... completely ⑥ last ... (e.g. "last April")
見事 【みごと】① splendid, magnificent, beautiful, admirable ② praiseworthy act, feat, commendable deed
後者 【こうしゃ】the latter
行動 【こうどう】action, conduct, behaviour, behavior, mobilization, mobilisation
作業 【さぎょう】work, operation, manufacturing, fatigue duty
作品 【さくひん】work (e.g. book, film, composition, etc.), opus, performance, production
使用 【しよう】use, application, employment, utilization, utilisation
思わず 【おもわず】unintentionally, reflexively, spontaneously, involuntarily, instinctively
持ち上げる 【もちあげる】to raise, to lift up, to flatter
自ら 【みずから】for one's self, personally
室 【しつ】① room ② Chinese "Encampment" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
質 【しつ】quality
者 【もの】person (rarely used w.o. a qualifier)
借金 【しゃっきん】debt, loan, liabilities
手間 【てま】time, labour, labor
出来事 【できごと】incident, affair, happening, event
場 【ば】① place ② occasion, situation ③ field (physics)
図 【ず】figure (e.g. Fig 1), drawing, picture, illustration
世間 【せけん】world, society
切れる 【きれる】① to cut well, to be sharp ② to break (off), to snap, to wear out ③ to be injured ④ to burst, to collapse ⑤ to be disconnected, to be out of, to expire, to sever (connections) with ⑥ to be shrewd, to have a sharp mind ⑦ to drop under (a certain figure), to beat (e.g. a time) ⑧ to flip, to lose one's temper ⑨ to be able to do completely
多少 【たしょう】more or less, somewhat, a little, some
体重 【たいじゅう】body weight (usu. one's own)
地 【ち】① earth, ground, land, soil ② place ③ territory ④ bottom (of a package, book, etc.) ⑤ earth (one of the five elements)
地方 【ちほう】① area, locality, district, region, province ② countryside, rural area ③ coast (esp. as seen from the water) ④ person singing ballads in Noh, person in charge of music in a Japanese dance performance
中止 【ちゅうし】suspension, stoppage, discontinuance, interruption
土地 【とち】plot of land, lot, soil
動かす 【うごかす】① to move, to shift, to operate, to set in motion, to mobilize, to mobilise ② to inspire, to rouse, to move (e.g. feeling), to influence ③ to deny, to change
動作 【どうさ】action, movements, motions, bearing, behaviour, behavior, execution, actuation, operation, manners
発 【はつ】① departure, departing (from ...), departing (at time ...) ② beginning ③ issued by (e.g. document) ④ counter for gunshots, counter for blows (punches)
発見 【はっけん】discovery, detection, finding
発行 【はっこう】① issue (publications), publishing ② raising an event (software)
父親 【ちちおや】father
風 【ふう】① method, manner, way, style ② appearance, air ③ tendency ④ folk song (genre of the Shi Jing) ⑤ wind (one of the five elements)
文字 【もじ】① letter (of alphabet), character ② literal
母親 【ははおや】mother
味わう 【あじわう】to taste, to savor, to relish
目立つ 【めだつ】to be conspicuous, to stand out
立ち上がる 【たちあがる】① to stand up, to get up ② to rise ③ to recover ④ to take action, to start ⑤ to make the initial charge (in sumo)
立場 【たちば】standpoint, position, situation
力 【りょく】strength, power
話題 【わだい】topic, subject
一言 【ひとこと】single word
少女 【しょうじょ】young lady, little girl, virgin, maiden, daughter
空く 【すく】① to become less crowded, to thin out, to get empty ② to be hungry
足元 【あしもと】① at one's feet, underfoot ② gait, pace, step ③ you, thou
言う 【ゆう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
思い出 【おもいで】memories, recollections, reminiscence
少なくとも 【すくなくとも】at least
建つ 【たつ】to be erected, to be built
出会う 【であう】to meet by chance, to come across, to happen to encounter, to hold a rendezvous, to have a date
広げる 【ひろげる】to spread, to extend, to expand, to enlarge, to widen, to broaden, to unfold, to open, to unroll
不 【ふ】un-, non-, negative prefix
者 【しゃ】someone of that nature, someone doing that work
元 【もと】former, ex-
委員 【いいん】committee member
育つ 【そだつ】to be raised (e.g. child), to be brought up, to grow (up)
引退 【いんたい】retire
羽 【はね】① feather, plume, wing ② blade (fan, propeller, etc.)
加える 【くわえる】to append, to sum up, to add (up), to include, to increase, to inflict
加わる 【くわわる】to join in, to accede to, to increase, to gain in (influence)
会費 【かいひ】membership fee
回す 【まわす】① to turn, to rotate, to gyrate ② to circulate, to send around ③ to surround ④ to put something to a new use (e.g. leftovers) ⑤ (after the -masu stem of a verb) ... around (i.e. to chase someone around) ⑥ to dial (e.g. telephone number)
他 【ほか】other (esp. places and things), the rest
学期 【がっき】school term, semester
額 【がく】① picture (framed) ② amount or sum (of money)
活動 【かつどう】action, activity
感じ 【かんじ】feeling, sense, impression
感じる 【かんじる】to feel, to sense, to experience
感心 【かんしん】admiration, Well done!
感動 【かんどう】being deeply moved emotionally, excitement, passion, deep emotion, impression
期待 【きたい】expectation, anticipation, hope
記録 【きろく】① record, minutes, document ② a record (e.g. in sports), results, score ③ to record, to document ④ to set a record (e.g. in sports), to show a result, to reach a value
逆 【ぎゃく】① reverse, opposite ② converse (of a hypothesis, etc.)
求める 【もとめる】to seek, to request, to demand, to want, to wish for, to search for, to pursue (pleasure), to hunt (a job), to buy
教科書 【きょうかしょ】textbook, text book
金額 【きんがく】amount of money
区別 【くべつ】distinction, differentiation, classification
苦しい 【くるしい】painful, difficult
苦手 【にがて】poor (at), weak (in), dislike (of)
型 【かた】① model, type (e.g. of machine, goods, etc.) ② type, style, pattern ③ mold (mould), template, model ④ kata (standard form of a movement, posture, etc. in martial arts, sport, etc.) ⑤ form (i.e. customary procedure) ⑥ size (i.e. clothing, shoes)
計算 【けいさん】① calculation, reckoning, count ② forecast
欠ける 【かける】① to be chipped, to be damaged, to be broken ② to be lacking, to be missing ③ to be insufficient, to be short, to be deficient, to be negligent toward ④ (of the moon) to wane, to go into eclipse
決定 【けってい】decision, determination
言語 【げんご】language
語る 【かたる】to talk, to tell, to recite
向く 【むく】① to face ② to turn toward ③ to be suited to, to be fit for
向ける 【むける】to turn towards, to point
幸い 【さいわい】happiness, blessedness
考え 【かんがえ】thinking, thought, ideas, intention
号 【ごう】① number, edition, make, model, issue, part of that group ② sobriquet, pen-name
合わせる 【あわせる】① to match (rhythm, speed, etc.) ② to join together, to unite, to combine, to add up ③ to face, to be opposite (someone) ④ to compare, to check with ⑤ to cause to meet (e.g. an unpleasant fate) ⑥ to place together, to connect, to overlap ⑦ to mix, to combine ⑧ to put blade to blade, to fight
黒板 【こくばん】blackboard
今回 【こんかい】now, this time, lately
根 【ね】① root (of a plant) ② root (of a tooth, hair, etc.), center (of a pimple, etc.) ③ root root (of all evil, etc.), source, origin, cause, basis ④ one's true nature ⑤ (fishing) reef
参加 【さんか】participation
残り 【のこり】remnant, residue, remaining, left-over
思想 【しそう】thought, idea, ideology
指す 【さす】① to point ② to nominate, to select someone, to specify some person ③ to identify, to indicate, to point out
試す 【ためす】to attempt, to test, to try out
事実 【じじつ】fact, truth, reality
事情 【じじょう】circumstances, consideration, conditions, situation, reasons
時期 【じき】time, season, period
自身 【じしん】by oneself, personally
自然 【しぜん】① nature, spontaneity ② naturally, spontaneously
実 【み】① fruit, nut ② seed ③ (in broth) pieces of meat, vegetable, etc. ④ content, substance
実は 【じつは】as a matter of fact, by the way, to tell you the truth, to be honest, frankly
取り出す 【とりだす】① to take out, to produce, to pick out ② to fetch, to retrieve
取り上げる 【とりあげる】① to take up, to pick up ② to accept, to adopt, to listen to ③ to disqualify, to confiscate, to deprive ④ to adopt (child)
取れる 【とれる】① to come off, to be removed ② (of pain, a fever, etc.) to disappear ③ to be caught, to be harvested ④ to be interpreted (as), to be taken as ⑤ (of balance, etc.) to be attained ⑥ to be obtainable
守る 【まもる】① to protect, to guard, to defend ② to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow
手術 【しゅじゅつ】surgical operation
手伝い 【てつだい】① helper, assistant ② help
受け取る 【うけとる】① to receive, to get, to accept ② to take, to interpret, to understand
終える 【おえる】to finish
集会 【しゅうかい】meeting, assembly
集中 【しゅうちゅう】concentration, convergence, centralization, integration, gathering together
出身 【しゅっしん】① person's origin (town, city, country, etc.) ② institution from which one graduated ③ director in charge of employee relations
ところで① by the way, incidentally ② even if, no matter (who, what, when, where, why, how)
助かる 【たすかる】to be saved, to be rescued, to survive, to be helpful
助ける 【たすける】to help, to save, to rescue, to give relief to, to spare (life), to reinforce, to promote, to abet
場面 【ばめん】scene, setting (e.g. of novel)
神 【かみ】god, deity, divinity, spirit, kami
身 【み】① body ② oneself ③ one's place, one's position ④ main part, meat (as opposed to bone, skin, etc.), wood (as opposed to bark), blade (as opposed to its handle), container(as opposed to its lid)
身長 【しんちょう】height (of body), stature
進める 【すすめる】to advance, to promote, to hasten
人物 【じんぶつ】character, personality, person, man, personage, talented man
数える 【かぞえる】to count, to enumerate
数字 【すうじ】numeral, figure, digit, numeric character
正確 【せいかく】accurate, punctual, exact, authentic, veracious
正直 【しょうじき】① honesty, integrity, frankness ② honestly, frankly
生物 【せいぶつ】living things, creature
全 【ぜん】all, whole, entire, complete, overall, pan-
全く 【まったく】① really, truly, entirely, completely, wholly, perfectly ② indeed ③ good grief (expression of exasperation)
全員 【ぜんいん】all members (unanimity), all hands, the whole crew, everyone, everybody
全身 【ぜんしん】① whole (body), full-length (e.g. portrait) ② systemic
全体 【ぜんたい】whole, entirety, whatever (is the matter)
全力 【ぜんりょく】all one's power, whole energy
組む 【くむ】① to cross (legs or arms), to link (arms) ② to put together, to construct, to assemble, to produce (e.g. TV program) ③ to braid, to plait ④ to grapple, to wrestle ⑤ to unite, to link up, to form an alliance ⑥ to set (e.g. type) ⑦ to issue (e.g. money order)
相手 【あいて】① companion, partner, company ② other party, addressee ③ opponent (sports, etc.)
相当 【そうとう】① befitting, becoming, worthy of, proportionate, in keeping with, suitable ② considerable, substantial ③ to be worthy of, to be proportionate to ④ to correspond to (in meaning, function, etc.), to be equivalent ⑤ extremely, considerably
速度 【そくど】speed, velocity, rate
身体 【しんたい】① body ② health
単なる 【たんなる】mere, simple, sheer
単に 【たんに】simply, merely, only, solely
単語 【たんご】word, vocabulary, (usually) single-character word
断る 【ことわる】① to refuse, to reject, to dismiss, to turn down, to decline ② to inform, to give notice, to tell in advance ③ to ask leave, to excuse oneself (from)
地球 【ちきゅう】the earth, the globe
調子 【ちょうし】① tune, tone, key, pitch, time, rhythm ② vein, mood, way, manner, style, knack ③ condition, state of health ④ impetus, spur of the moment, strain ⑤ trend
長期 【ちょうき】long time period
追う 【おう】① to chase, to run after, to pursue ② to follow (i.e. a set order, a trend) ③ to drive out, to oust, to expel ④ to drive (i.e. a herd) ⑤ (in passive voice) to be pressed (for time, etc.)
通じる 【つうじる】to run to, to lead to, to communicate, to understand, to be well-informed
通す 【とおす】to let pass, to overlook, to continue, to keep, to make way for, to persist in
通学 【つうがく】commuting to school, school commute
的 【てき】-like, typical
伝わる 【つたわる】to be handed down, to be introduced, to be transmitted, to be circulated, to go along, to walk along
都市 【とし】town, city, municipal, urban
当たり前 【あたりまえ】① natural, reasonable, obvious ② usual, common, ordinary
当たる 【あたる】① to be hit, to strike ② to touch, to be in contact, to be affixed ③ to be equivalent to, to be applicable, to apply to ④ to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.) ⑤ to be selected (in a lottery, etc.), to win ⑥ to be successful, to go well, to be a hit ⑦ to face, to confront ⑧ to lie (in the direction of) ⑨ to undertake, to be assigned ⑩ to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.), to be afflicted ⑪ to be called upon (by the teacher) ⑫ to treat (esp. harshly), to lash out at ⑬ to be unnecessary ⑭ (in baseball) to be hitting well, to be on a hitting streak ⑮ (in fishing) to feel a bite ⑯ (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised, to spoil ⑰ to feel (something) out, to probe into, to check (i.e. by comparison) ⑱ to shave
当てる 【あてる】① to hit ② to expose ③ to apply (e.g. patch) ④ to allot, to call on someone (e.g. in class) ⑤ to guess (an answer) ⑥ to make a hit (e.g. in a lottery)
当時 【とうじ】at that time, in those days
特定 【とくてい】specific, special, particular
内 【うち】① inside, within ② while ③ among, amongst, between ④ we (referring to one's in-group, i.e. company, etc.), our ⑤ my spouse ⑥ I (primarily used by women and children), me
日光 【にっこう】sunlight
能力 【のうりょく】ability, faculty
皮 【かわ】① skin, hide, pelt, fur ② rind, peel, husk, bark ③ shell, sheath, wrapping
皮肉 【ひにく】cynicism, sarcasm, irony, satire
費 【ひ】cost, expense
飛ばす 【とばす】① to fly, to fire, to hurl ② to skip over, to omit, to drop (e.g. stitch) ③ to run or drive fast, to gallop ④ to spread a rumour (rumor), to tell a story ⑤ to remove, to get rid of, to transfer ⑥ to attack, to jeer at
美人 【びじん】beautiful person (woman)
筆 【ふで】writing brush
表 【ひょう】table (e.g. Tab 1), chart, list
表情 【ひょうじょう】facial expression
秒 【びょう】second (60th min)
不自由 【ふじゆう】① discomfort, inconvenience ② poverty, want, destitution ③ disability, impairment (physical, mental, etc.)
部 【ぶ】① department (in an organization), division, bureau ② club ③ part, component, element ④ category ⑤ counter for copies of a newspaper or magazine
物語 【ものがたり】tale, story, legend
物理 【ぶつり】physics, law of nature
平気 【へいき】coolness, calmness, composure, unconcern
平等 【びょうどう】equality, impartiality, evenness
平和 【へいわ】peace, harmony
辺り 【あたり】① on the bank of, by the side of (e.g. a river, pond) ② (in the) neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity, nearby
望む 【のぞむ】to desire, to wish for, to see, to command (a view of)
満足 【まんぞく】① satisfaction ② sufficiency
命 【いのち】(mortal) life
命じる 【めいじる】to order, to command, to appoint
明ける 【あける】① to dawn, to grow light ② to end
明らか 【あきらか】obvious, evident, clear, plain
明確 【めいかく】clear, precise, definite, distinct
目指す 【めざす】to aim at, to have an eye on
目的 【もくてき】purpose, goal, aim, objective, intention
油 【あぶら】oil
昨夜 【さくや】① evening ② last night
様子 【ようす】① state, state of affairs, situation, circumstances ② appearance, look, aspect ③ sign, indication
流す 【ながす】① to drain, to pour, to spill, to shed (blood, tears) ② to wash away ③ to distribute (e.g. electricity over wires, music over a PA system, etc.), to circulate, to broadcast, to beam ④ to cruise (e.g. taxi) ⑤ to float, to set adrift
流れ 【ながれ】stream, current, flow
量 【りょう】quantity, amount, volume, portion (of food)
例外 【れいがい】exception
数 【かず】number, amount
数 【すう】① several, a number of ② number, numeral, figure ③ destiny, fate ④ law
他人 【たにん】another person, unrelated person, outsider, stranger
面 【めん】① face ② mask, face guard ③ (in kendo) striking the head ④ surface (esp. a geometrical surface) ⑤ page ⑥ aspect, facet, side ⑦ chamfer ⑧ counter for broad, flat objects, levels or stages, e.g. in a video game
流行 【りゅうこう】fashion, fad, vogue, craze
例 【れい】① custom, practice, habit, usual ② said, aforementioned ③ instance, example, case, illustration, usage ④ precedent ⑤ annual
明かり 【あかり】① light, illumination, glow, gleam ② lamp, light
表す 【あらわす】① to reveal, to show, to display ② to express ③ to represent, to signify, to stand for ④ to make widely known
科目 【かもく】(school) subject, curriculum, course
幸運 【こううん】good luck, fortune
様々 【さまざま】varied, various
満点 【まんてん】perfect score
満ちる 【みちる】① to be full ② to wax (e.g. moon) ③ to rise (e.g. tide) ④ to mature, to expire
虫歯 【むしば】cavity, tooth decay, decayed tooth, caries
他 【た】other (esp. people and abstract matters)
感 【かん】feeling, sensation, emotion, admiration, impression
無 【む】① nothing, naught, nought, nil, zero ② un-, non-
化 【か】action of making something, -ification
両 【りょう】① both (e.g. both shoulders, etc.) ② ryo (obsolete unit of currency) ③ 41-42 g (one sixteenth of a kin) ④ 2 tan (measure of fabric size) ⑤ counter for carriages (e.g. in a train)
色 【しょく】counter for colours
内 【ない】inside, within
位 【くらい】① throne, crown, (nobleman's) seat ② government position, court rank ③ social standing, rank, class, echelon, rung ④ grade (of quality, etc.), level, tier, rank ⑤ digit (e.g. the tens, the hundreds, etc.), place ⑥ degree, extent, amount
偉い 【えらい】① great, excellent, admirable, remarkable, distinguished, important, celebrated, famous, eminent ② awful, terrible
意識 【いしき】① consciousness ② awareness, sense ③ mano-vijnana (mental consciousness, cognizer of sensory information)
移動 【いどう】① removal, migration, movement ② mobile (e.g. communications)
違い 【ちがい】difference, discrepancy
一種 【いっしゅ】species, kind, variety
一般 【いっぱん】general, liberal, universal, ordinary, average
印象 【いんしょう】impression
鋭い 【するどい】pointed, sharp
液体 【えきたい】liquid, fluid
加減 【かげん】① addition and subtraction ② allowance for ③ degree, extent, measure ④ condition, state of health ⑤ seasoning, flavor, flavour, moderation, adjustment ⑥ influence (of the weather) ⑦ chance
解く 【とく】① to solve, to answer ② to untie ③ to comb, to untangle (hair)
解決 【かいけつ】settlement, solution, resolution
回復 【かいふく】recovery (from illness), improvement, rehabilitation, restoration, convalescence
確認 【かくにん】affirmation, confirmation, validation
巻く 【まく】to wind, to coil, to roll
完全 【かんぜん】perfection, completeness
汗 【あせ】① sweat, perspiration ② moisture, condensation
観察 【かんさつ】observation, survey
観念 【かんねん】① idea, notion, conception ② sense (e.g. of duty) ③ resignation, preparedness, acceptance ④ observation and contemplation
間違い 【まちがい】mistake
関心 【かんしん】concern, interest
願い 【ねがい】desire, wish, request, prayer, petition, application
希望 【きぼう】hope, wish, aspiration
機能 【きのう】function, facility, faculty, feature
帰宅 【きたく】returning home
気候 【きこう】climate
疑問 【ぎもん】question, problem, doubt, guess
議論 【ぎろん】argument, discussion, dispute, controversy
許す 【ゆるす】① to permit, to allow, to approve ② to exempt (from fine), to excuse (from), to pardon, to forgive, to release, to let off ③ to confide in ④ to give up, to yield
共に 【ともに】sharing with, participate in, both, alike, together, along with, with, including
共通 【きょうつう】① commonness, community ② -wide
恐らく 【おそらく】perhaps, likely, probably, I dare say
恐ろしい 【おそろしい】terrible, dreadful
恐怖 【きょうふ】fear, dread, dismay, terror
教師 【きょうし】teacher (classroom)
胸 【むね】breast, chest
苦痛 【くつう】pain, agony, bitterness
備える 【そなえる】① to furnish, to provide for, to equip, to install ② to have ready, to prepare for ③ to possess, to have, to be endowed with, to be armed with
偶然 【ぐうぜん】(by) chance, unexpectedly, suddenly, accident, fortuity
敬意 【けいい】respect, honour, honor
経営 【けいえい】management, administration
芸術 【げいじゅつ】(fine) art, the arts
欠席 【けっせき】absence, non-attendance
権利 【けんり】right, privilege
肩 【かた】shoulder
現在 【げんざい】now, current, present, present time, as of
現実 【げんじつ】reality
現象 【げんしょう】phenomenon
現状 【げんじょう】present condition, existing state, status quo
現代 【げんだい】nowadays, modern era, modern times, present-day
限り 【かぎり】① limit, limits, bounds ② degree, extent, scope ③ as far as possible, as much as possible, to the best of one's ability ④ unless (after neg. verb) ⑤ the end, the last
限る 【かぎる】to restrict, to limit, to confine
個人 【こじん】individual, private person, personal, private
呼吸 【こきゅう】① breath, respiration ② knack, trick, secret (of doing something)
誤解 【ごかい】misunderstanding
交換 【こうかん】exchange, interchange, switching, reciprocity, barter, substitution, replacement, clearing (of checks, cheques)
光景 【こうけい】scene, spectacle
効果 【こうか】effect, effectiveness, efficacy, result
好む 【このむ】to like, to prefer
更に 【さらに】furthermore, again, after all, more and more, moreover
構う 【かまう】① to mind, to care about, to be concerned about ② to care for, to look after ③ to prepare for ④ to intefere with, to meddle in ⑤ to tease
構成 【こうせい】organization, organisation, configuration, composition
骨 【ほね】bone
差 【さ】difference, variation
差す 【さす】① to raise (e.g. hands, umbrella), to stretch out ② to be tinged ③ to wear at one's side (e.g. sword) ④ to shine ⑤ to provoke a feeling
差別 【さべつ】discrimination, distinction, differentiation
座席 【ざせき】seat
再び 【ふたたび】again, once more, a second time
最も 【もっとも】most, extremely
最終 【さいしゅう】last, final, closing
最低 【さいてい】① least, lowest, worst ② nasty, disgusting, horrible, yuck!
済ませる 【すませる】to finish, to make an end of, to get through with, to let end
際 【さい】on the occasion of, circumstances
財産 【ざいさん】property, fortune, assets
殺す 【ころす】to kill
刺す 【さす】to pierce, to stab, to prick, to thrust, to bite, to sting, to pin down, to stitch, to put (a runner) out, to pole (a boat), to catch (with a line), to stick
支える 【ささえる】① to support, to prop, to sustain, to underlay, to hold up ② to hold at bay, to stem, to check
支配 【しはい】rule, control, direction
事件 【じけん】event, affair, incident, case, plot, trouble, scandal
示す 【しめす】to denote, to show, to point out, to indicate, to exemplify
自殺 【じさつ】suicide
辞める 【やめる】to resign, to retire, to quit, to leave (one's job, etc.)
失う 【うしなう】to lose, to part with
実現 【じつげん】implementation (e.g. of a system), materialization, materialisation, realization, realisation
実際 【じっさい】① practicality, practical ② reality, actuality, actual conditions ③ bhutakoti (limit of reality)
手段 【しゅだん】means, way, measure
種 【たね】① seed, pip, kind, variety, quality, tone ② material, matter, subject, theme, (news) copy, leaven (bread) ③ cause, source, trick, secret, inside story
周囲 【しゅうい】① surroundings, environs ② circumference
住宅 【じゅうたく】residence, housing, residential building
重要 【じゅうよう】important, momentous, essential, principal, major
出版 【しゅっぱん】publication
述べる 【のべる】to state, to express, to mention
順 【じゅん】order, turn
床 【ゆか】① floor ② stage (for the narrator and the shamisen player) ③ dining platform built across a river
招く 【まねく】to invite
照らす 【てらす】to shine on, to illuminate
笑い 【わらい】① laugh, laughter ② smile ③ sneer
笑顔 【えがお】smiling face, smile
賞 【しょう】prize, award
昇る 【のぼる】① to ascend, to go up, to climb ② to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise ③ to go to (the capital) ④ to be promoted ⑤ to add up to ⑥ to advance (in price) ⑦ to swim up (a river), to sail up ⑧ to come up (on the agenda)
常識 【じょうしき】common knowledge, conventional wisdom, general knowledge, common sense
状況 【じょうきょう】state of affairs (around you), situation, circumstances
畳 【じょう】① counter for tatami mats ② measure of room size (in mat units)
触れる 【ふれる】① to touch, to feel ② to experience, to come in contact with, to be emotionally moved (by), to perceive ③ to touch on a subject, to allude to ④ to be in conflict (with), to violate (law, copyright, etc.) ⑤ to proclaim
伸びる 【のびる】① to stretch, to extend, to lengthen, to spread ② to make progress, to grow (beard, body height) ③ to grow stale (soba) ④ to be straightened, to be flattened, to be smoothed ⑤ to be exhausted ⑥ to be postponed, to be prolonged
信じる 【しんじる】to believe, to believe in, to place trust in, to confide in, to have faith in
信用 【しんよう】confidence, dependence, credit, faith, reliance, belief, credence
信頼 【しんらい】reliance, trust, faith, confidence
心臓 【しんぞう】heart
深刻 【しんこく】serious
真似 【まね】mimicry, imitation, behavior, behaviour, pretense, pretence
神経 【しんけい】nerve, sensitivity
針 【はり】① needle, pin, hook ② stinger, thorn ③ hand (e.g. clock, etc.), pointer ④ staple (for a stapler) ⑤ needlework, sewing ⑥ malice ⑦ counter for stitches
制限 【せいげん】restriction, restraint, limitation, limit
性 【せい】① nature (of a person) ② sex ③ gender ④ -ty (suffix indicating quality or condition), -ity, -ness
性格 【せいかく】character, personality
性質 【せいしつ】nature, property, disposition
成績 【せいせき】results, record, grades
精神 【せいしん】mind, soul, heart, spirit, intention
責める 【せめる】to condemn, to blame, to criticize, to criticise
責任 【せきにん】① duty, responsibility (incl. supervision of staff) ② liability, onus
説 【せつ】theory
絶対 【ぜったい】① absolutely, unconditionally ② absolute, unconditional, unmistakable ③ absoluteness
想像 【そうぞう】imagination, guess
相変わらず 【あいかわらず】as ever, as usual, the same
憎む 【にくむ】to hate, to detest
存在 【そんざい】existence, being
尊敬 【そんけい】respect, esteem, reverence, honour, honor
損 【そん】loss, disadvantage
対象 【たいしょう】target, object (of worship, study, etc.), subject (of taxation, etc.)
単純 【たんじゅん】simplicity
団体 【だんたい】organization, organisation, association
知識 【ちしき】knowledge, information
地域 【ちいき】area, region
遅刻 【ちこく】lateness, late coming
仲間 【なかま】company, fellow, colleague, associate, comrade, mate, group, circle of friends, partner
調査 【ちょうさ】investigation, examination, inquiry, enquiry, survey
通り過ぎる 【とおりすぎる】to pass, to pass through
底 【そこ】bottom, sole
程度 【ていど】degree, amount, grade, standard, of the order of (following a number)
努力 【どりょく】great effort, exertion, endeavour, endeavor, effort
到着 【とうちゃく】arrival
得る 【うる】① (after the -masu stem of a verb) to be able to ..., can ... ② to get, to acquire, to obtain, to procure, to earn, to win, to gain, to secure, to attain
得意 【とくい】① triumph, prosperity ② pride ③ one's strong point, one's forte, one's specialty ④ frequent customer (client, etc.)
突っ込む 【つっこむ】① to thrust something into something ② to plunge into, to go into deeply ③ to meddle, to interfere ④ to retort ⑤ to riposte
届く 【とどく】① to reach, to arrive, to get through, to get at ② to be attentive, to pay attention ③ to be delivered, to carry (e.g. sound)
内容 【ないよう】subject, contents, matter, substance, detail, import
任せる 【まかせる】① to entrust (e.g. a task) to another, to leave to ② to passively leave to someone else's facilities ③ to leave to take its natural course ④ to continue (something) in a natural fashion (without particular aim) ⑤ to rely fully on one's (full strength, great ability, long time taken) to get something done
認める 【みとめる】① to recognize, to recognise, to appreciate ② to observe, to notice ③ to admit, to approve
熱中 【ねっちゅう】nuts!, enthusiasm, zeal, mania
悩む 【なやむ】to be worried, to be troubled
肌 【はだ】① skin ② body (in the context of intimate bodily contact) ③ surface, grain (e.g. of wood), texture ④ disposition, temperament, character, type
抜く 【ぬく】① to extract, to omit, to surpass, to overtake, to draw out, to unplug ② to do something to the end
抜ける 【ぬける】① to come out, to fall out, to be omitted, to be missing, to escape ② to exit (a program loop)
判断 【はんだん】judgement, judgment, decision, adjudication, conclusion, decipherment, divination
否定 【ひてい】① negation, denial, repudiation ② NOT operation
疲れ 【つかれ】tiredness, fatigue
被害 【ひがい】damage
非 【ひ】① fault, error, mistake ② going poorly, being disadvantageous, being unfavorable ③ un-, non-
表現 【ひょうげん】① expression, presentation ② representation, notation
不思議 【ふしぎ】wonder, miracle, strange, mystery, marvel, curiosity
付ける 【つける】① to attach, to join, to add, to append, to affix, to stick, to glue, to fasten, to sew on, to apply (ointment) ② to furnish (a house with) ③ to wear, to put on ④ to keep a diary, to make an entry ⑤ to appraise, to set (a price) ⑥ to bring alongside ⑦ to place (under guard or doctor) ⑧ to follow, to shadow ⑨ to load, to give (courage to) ⑩ to keep (an eye on) ⑪ to establish (relations or understanding) ⑫ to turn on (light)
布 【ぬの】① cloth ② bujian (spade-shaped bronze coin of ancient China)
浮かべる 【うかべる】① to float ② to express, to look (sad, glad) ③ to think, to imagine, to remember
服装 【ふくそう】garments, attire
腹 【はら】① abdomen, belly, stomach ② one's mind, one's real intentions, one's true motive ③ loop (physics) ④ counter for hard roe
閉じる 【とじる】to close (e.g. book, eyes, meeting, etc.), to shut
変更 【へんこう】change, modification, alteration, revision, amendment
暮らす 【くらす】① to live, to get along ② to spend (time)
抱える 【かかえる】① to hold or carry under or in the arms ② to have (esp. problems, debts, etc.) ③ to employ, to engage, to hire
方針 【ほうしん】objective, plan, policy
方法 【ほうほう】method, process, manner, way, means, technique
法 【ほう】① law, act, principle ② method ③ mood ④ dharma
未来 【みらい】① the future (usually distant) ② future tense ③ the world to come
面倒 【めんどう】trouble, difficulty, care, attention
役割 【やくわり】part, assigning (allotment of) parts, role, duties
余計 【よけい】too much, unnecessary, extraneous, abundance, surplus, excess, superfluity
与える 【あたえる】① to give (esp. to someone of lower status), to bestow, to grant, to confer, to present, to award ② to provide, to afford, to offer, to supply ③ to assign ④ to cause ⑤ to pass (a variable to a function)
預かる 【あずかる】① to look after, to take care of, to keep, to hold on to, to keep in custody ② to take charge of, to be entrusted with, to receive on deposit ③ to reserve (judgment), to leave undecided
容易 【ようい】easy, simple, plain
要するに 【ようするに】in a word, after all, the point is ..., in short ...
要求 【ようきゅう】demand, firm request, requisition, requirement, desire
要領 【ようりょう】① point, gist, essentials, tenets, outline ② knack, trick, the ropes
理解 【りかい】understanding, comprehension, appreciation, sympathy
連続 【れんぞく】serial, consecutive, continuity, occurring in succession, continuing
老人 【ろうじん】the aged, old person
居る 【おる】① to be (animate), to be, to exist ② (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing) ③ (after -masu base of verb) indicates contempt or disdain for another's actions
鈍い 【にぶい】dull (e.g. a knife), thickheaded, obtuse, slow, stupid
平均 【へいきん】① average, mean ② balance, equilibrium
抱く 【いだく】① to embrace, to hold in the arms (e.g. a baby), to hug ② to harbour (e.g. grudge) (harbor), to bear (e.g. a grudge), to entertain (e.g. suspicion) ③ to sleep with ④ to sit on eggs
痛み 【いたみ】pain, ache, sore, grief, distress
位置 【いち】place, situation, position, location
得る 【える】① to get, to acquire, to obtain, to procure, to earn, to win, to gain, to secure, to attain ② (after the -masu stem of a verb) to be able to ..., can ...
収める 【おさめる】① to dedicate, to make an offering, to pay (fees) ② to supply ③ to store ④ to finish, to bring to a close ⑤ to restore (something to its place) ⑥ to achieve (e.g. a result)
替える 【かえる】① to replace ② to exchange, to interchange ③ to substitute
効く 【きく】① to be effective, to show effect ② to do its work, to carry out its function well ③ to be possible to use
気付く 【きづく】to notice, to recognize, to recognise, to become aware of, to perceive, to realize, to realise
凍る 【こおる】to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal
戦う 【たたかう】to fight, to battle, to combat, to struggle against, to wage war, to engage in contest
頼る 【たよる】to rely on, to have recourse to, to depend on
付き合う 【つきあう】① to associate with, to keep company with, to go out with, to go steady with, to get on with ② to go along with, to follow someone's lead, to accompany someone, to compromise
飛び込む 【とびこむ】to jump in, to leap in, to plunge into, to dive
年齢 【ねんれい】age, years
伸ばす 【のばす】① to grow long (beard, hair, etc.) ② to lengthen, to extend, to stretch ③ to reach out, to hold out ④ to straighten, to smooth out ⑤ to spread evenly (dough, cream, etc.) ⑥ to dilute, to thin out ⑦ to postpone ⑧ to prolong ⑨ to strengthen, to develop, to expand
包帯 【ほうたい】bandage, dressing
追いかける 【おいかける】to chase, to run after, to pursue
最 【さい】① the most, the extreme ② prime, conspicuous
論 【ろん】① argument, discussion, dispute, controversy, discourse, debate ② theory, doctrine ③ essay, treatise, comment
史 【し】history (e.g. of some country)
悪魔 【あくま】devil, demon, fiend, Satan, evil spirit
握る 【にぎる】to grasp, to seize, to mould sushi, to mold sushi
異常 【いじょう】strangeness, abnormality, disorder
一瞬 【いっしゅん】moment, instant
隠す 【かくす】to hide, to conceal
隠れる 【かくれる】to hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself, to disappear
宇宙 【うちゅう】universe, cosmos, space
影響 【えいきょう】influence, effect
栄養 【えいよう】nutrition, nourishment
猿 【さる】① monkey (esp. the Japanese macaque, Macaca fuscata) ② sly person ③ sliding wooden bolt (for holding a door or window shut) ④ clasp used to control the height of a pot-hook
応じる 【おうじる】to respond, to satisfy, to accept, to comply with, to apply for
殴る 【なぐる】to strike, to hit
価値 【かち】value, worth, merit
家賃 【やちん】rent
解釈 【かいしゃく】explanation, interpretation
怪我 【けが】injury (to animate object), hurt
街 【がい】.. street, .. quarter, .. district
覚悟 【かくご】resolution, resignation, readiness, preparedness
感謝 【かんしゃ】thanks, gratitude
企業 【きぎょう】enterprise, undertaking, corporation, business
器用 【きよう】skillful, handy
基本 【きほん】foundation, basis, standard
奇妙 【きみょう】strange, queer, curious
既に 【すでに】already, too late
記憶 【きおく】① memory, recollection, remembrance ② storage
鬼 【おに】① ogre, demon ② spirit of a deceased person ③ ogre-like person (i.e. fierce, relentless, merciless, etc.) ④ it (i.e. in a game of tag) ⑤ Chinese "ghost" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
儀式 【ぎしき】ceremony, rite, ritual, service
救う 【すくう】to rescue from, to help out of, to save
響く 【ひびく】① to resound, to be heard far away ② to reverberate, to shake, to vibrate ③ to come (home), to remain (with someone) ④ to have an affect, to make an impression
筋 【すじ】① muscle ② string, sinew, line, stripe ③ plot, plan ④ source (of business information) ⑤ reason, logic
筋肉 【きんにく】muscle, sinew
緊張 【きんちょう】tension, mental strain, nervousness
金銭 【きんせん】money, cash
繰り返す 【くりかえす】to repeat, to do something over again
穴 【あな】① hole ② deficit, shortage, missing person (in a team, meeting, etc.) ③ vacancy, opening ④ flaw ⑤ profitable place (or item, etc.) not well known by others ⑥ upset victory (with a large payoff)
結果 【けっか】① result, consequence, outcome, effect ② coming to fruition, bearing fruit
結局 【けっきょく】after all, eventually, in the end
結論 【けつろん】conclusion
件 【けん】matter, case, item
嫌う 【きらう】to hate, to dislike, to loathe
検査 【けんさ】inspection (e.g. customs, factory), examination, scan (e.g. MRI, PET, etc.)
攻撃 【こうげき】attack, strike, offensive, criticism, censure
貢献 【こうけん】contribution, services
姿 【すがた】figure, shape, appearance
至る 【いたる】① to arrive at (e.g. a decision), to reach (a stage), to attain ② to lead to (a place), to get to
次第 【しだい】① dependent upon ② as soon as, immediately (upon) ③ circumstances ④ order, precedence, program, programme, agenda
自慢 【じまん】pride, boast
主義 【しゅぎ】doctrine, rule, principle
主張 【しゅちょう】claim, request, insistence, assertion, advocacy, emphasis, contention, opinion, tenet
宗教 【しゅうきょう】religion
就職 【しゅうしょく】finding employment, inauguration
修正 【しゅうせい】amendment, correction, revision, modification, alteration, retouching, update, fix
瞬間 【しゅんかん】moment, second, instant
助け 【たすけ】assistance
詳しい 【くわしい】knowing very well, detailed, full, accurate
障害 【しょうがい】① obstacle, impediment, hindrance, difficulty, barrier ② handicap, impairment, disability, disorder, malfunction
挙げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to show someone (into a room) ③ to send someone (away) ④ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑤ to praise ⑥ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑦ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑧ to arrest ⑨ to nominate ⑩ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding)
揚げる 【あげる】① to deep-fry ② to raise, to elevate ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑥ to earn (something desirable) ⑦ (of the tide) to come in
冗談 【じょうだん】jest, joke
条件 【じょうけん】condition, conditions, term, terms, requirement, requirements
状態 【じょうたい】current status, condition, situation, circumstances, state
信仰 【しんこう】(religious) faith, belief, creed
唇 【くちびる】lips
慎重 【しんちょう】discretion, prudence, caution, care
振り向く 【ふりむく】to turn one's face, to turn around, to look over one's shoulder
振る 【ふる】① to wave, to shake, to swing ② to sprinkle, to throw (dice) ③ to cast (actor), to allocate (work) ④ to turn down (somebody), to reject, to jilt, to dump ⑤ to abandon, to give up, to ruin ⑥ to add kana indicating a reading of a word ⑦ to slightly change headings, to change directions ⑧ to extract by broiling, to prepare an infusion of, to decoct ⑨ to carry with great vigor (e.g. a portable shrine) ⑩ to bring up the main topic ⑪ to replace, to substitute ⑫ to set up a joke for somebody else
新鮮 【しんせん】fresh
申し訳 【もうしわけ】apology, excuse
真剣 【しんけん】① seriousness, earnestness ② real sword (as opposed to unsharpened or wooden practice weapon) (practise)
酔う 【よう】to get drunk, to become intoxicated
世紀 【せいき】century, era
清潔 【せいけつ】① clean, hygenic, sanitary ② pure, virtuous, immaculate
誓う 【ちかう】to swear, to vow, to take an oath, to pledge
説得 【せっとく】persuasion
絶滅 【ぜつめつ】destruction, extinction
舌 【した】① tongue ② tongue-like object, clapper (of a bell), talon (of a lock)
選択 【せんたく】selection, choice, option
粗末 【そまつ】crude, rough, plain, humble
喪失 【そうしつ】loss, forfeit
態度 【たいど】attitude, manner, behaviour
大抵 【たいてい】① mostly, ordinarily, usually, generally ② probably ③ most, almost all ④ (before a neg. form) ordinary ⑤ proper, appropriate, moderate
第 【だい】ordinal
奪う 【うばう】to snatch away, to dispossess, to steal
誕生 【たんじょう】birth, creation, formation
知恵 【ちえ】① wisdom, wit, sagacity, sense, intelligence ② prajna (insight leading to enlightenment)
忠告 【ちゅうこく】advice, warning
張る 【はる】① to stick, to paste, to affix ② to stretch, to spread, to strain, to tighten ③ to form (e.g. ice on a pond) ④ to fill, to swell ⑤ to stick out, to put, to slap ⑥ to be expensive
眺める 【ながめる】to view, to gaze at
抵抗 【ていこう】electrical resistance, resistance, opposition
やつ① (derog) fellow, guy, chap ② thing, object ③ (derogatory or familiar) he, she, him, her
投票 【とうひょう】voting, poll
当然 【とうぜん】natural, as a matter of course
同意 【どうい】① agreement, consent, same opinion, approval ② same meaning
納得 【なっとく】consent, assent, understanding, agreement, comprehension, grasp
縛る 【しばる】to tie, to bind
反抗 【はんこう】opposition, resistance, insubordination, defiance, hostility, rebellion
秘密 【ひみつ】secret, secrecy
微妙 【びみょう】① delicate, subtle, sensitive ② difficult, delicate (situation), complicated ③ doubtful, questionable, dicey
評価 【ひょうか】① valuation, estimation, assessment, evaluation ② to value, to assess, to estimate value ③ to appreciate, to value highly, to acknowledge the value (of something)
貧乏 【びんぼう】poverty, destitute, poor
武器 【ぶき】weapon, arms, ordnance
雰囲気 【ふんいき】atmosphere (e.g. musical), mood, ambience, ambiance
文句 【もんく】① phrase ② complaint
癖 【くせ】a habit (often a bad habit, i.e. vice), peculiarity
崩す 【くずす】to destroy, to pull down, to make change (money)
無視 【むし】disregard, ignore
無駄 【むだ】futility, uselessness, pointlessness
迷惑 【めいわく】trouble, bother, annoyance
模様 【もよう】pattern, figure, design
黙る 【だまる】to be silent
厄介 【やっかい】trouble, burden, care, bother, worry, dependence, support, kindness, obligation
唯一 【ゆいいつ】only, sole, unique
要素 【ようそ】① component, factor, item (e.g. in list) ② element (e.g. in array), member (e.g. data structure)
翼 【つばさ】① wing ② Chinese "Wings" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
裸 【はだか】naked, nude, bare
離す 【はなす】to part, to divide, to separate, to release
離れる 【はなれる】to be separated from, to leave, to go away, to be a long way off
離婚 【りこん】divorce
礼儀 【れいぎ】manners, courtesy, etiquette
化粧 【けしょう】make-up, cosmetics
傷 【きず】① wound, injury, cut, gash, bruise, scratch, scrape, scar ② chip, crack, scratch, nick ③ flaw, defect, weakness, weak point ④ stain (on one's reputation), disgrace, dishonor, dishonour ⑤ (emotional) hurt, hurt feelings
敵 【てき】① opponent, rival, adversary ② menace, danger, threat, enemy
避ける 【さける】① to avoid (physical contact with) ② to avoid (situation) ③ to ward off, to avert
飽きる 【あきる】to get tired of, to lose interest in, to have enough
怪しい 【あやしい】① suspicious, dubious, doubtful, dodgy ② charming, bewitching
影 【かげ】① shadow, silhouette ② reflection, image ③ presence, sign ④ light (stars, moon)
陰 【かげ】① shade, shadow ② other side, back, background
絞る 【しぼる】to press, to wring, to squeeze, to narrow (down), to whittle (down), to tighten
勧める 【すすめる】to recommend, to advise, to encourage, to offer (wine)
激しい 【はげしい】violent, vehement, intense, furious, tempestuous
馬鹿 【ばか】① fool, idiot, trivial matter, folly, absurdity ② foolish, stupid, dull, absurd, ridiculous
引っ張る 【ひっぱる】① to pull, to draw, to stretch, to drag ② to pull the ball (baseball)
街 【まち】① town, block, neighbourhood, neighborhood ② street, road ③ 109.09 m ④ 0.99 hectares
おしゃべりchattering, talk, idle talk, chat, chitchat, gossip, chatty, talkative, chatterbox, blabbermouth
それともor, or else
ぶつかるto strike, to collide with, to bump into
やがてbefore long, soon, at length
噂 【うわさ】rumour, rumor, report, hearsay, gossip, common talk
いつかsometime, someday, one day, some time or other, the other day, in due course, in time
まるでquite, entirely, completely, at all, as if, as though, so to speak, just like
よろしく① well, properly, suitably ② best regards, please remember me, please treat me favorably (favourably), please take care of
ごく① quite, very ② quindecillion (US), octillion (Europe), 10^48
しかるto scold
いわゆるwhat is called, as it is called, the so-called, so to speak
尻 【しり】① buttocks, behind, rump, bottom ② undersurface, bottom ③ last place, end ④ consequence
尻尾 【しっぽ】tail (animal)
まさかby no means, never!, well, I never!, you don't say!
まさに① exactly, surely, certainly ② just (about to), on the verge (of doing or happening) ③ duly, naturally
ようやく① finally, at last ② barely, narrowly, hardly, only just ③ gradually, little by little, by degrees
かく① to scratch ② to perspire ③ to shovel, to paddle
そのままwithout change, as it is (i.e. now)
それでもbut (still), and yet, nevertheless, even so, notwithstanding
そこでso, accordingly, now, then, thereupon, therefore
わざとon purpose
叩く 【たたく】① to strike, to clap, to dust, to beat ② to play drums ③ to abuse, to flame (e.g. on the Internet), to insult ④ to use up money
誰か 【だれか】someone, somebody
しゃべるto talk, to chat, to chatter
すぐ① immediately, at once, directly ② soon, before long, shortly ③ easily, without difficulty ④ right (near), nearby, just (handy)
潰す 【つぶす】① to smash, to crush ② to shut down ③ to thwart, to block ④ to kill (time) ⑤ to waste (e.g. talents)
諦める 【あきらめる】to give up, to abandon
うさぎrabbit, hare, cony
とにかくanyhow, at any rate, anyway, somehow or other, generally speaking, in any case
ともかくanyhow, anyway, somehow or other, generally speaking, in any case, be that as it may
覗く 【のぞく】① to peek (though a keyhole, gap, etc.) ② to look down into (a ravine, etc.) ③ to peek into (a shop, bookstore, etc.) ④ to sneak a look at, to take a quick look at ⑤ to peep (through a telescope, microscope, etc.) ⑥ to stick out (a scarf from a collar, etc.), to peek through (sky though a forest canopy, etc.)
膝 【ひざ】knee, lap
紐 【ひも】① string, cord ② man who is financially dependent on a woman (such as a gigolo or, in the case of a prostitute, a pimp), pimp
ふとsuddenly, casually, accidentally, incidentally, unexpectedly, unintentionally
しかもmoreover, furthermore, nevertheless, and yet
およそabout, roughly, as a rule, approximately
みょう① strange, unusual ② (something) superb, (something) excellent
ただ① ordinary, common, usual ② free of charge ③ unaffected, as is, safe ④ only, merely, just, simply ⑤ but, however, nevertheless
脇 【わき】① side, aside ② armpit ③ back-burner
囁く 【ささやく】to whisper, to murmur
埃 【ほこり】dust
からかうto ridicule, to tease, to mock, to chaff, to razz, to banter with, to make fun of, to poke fun at, to make cracks about
曖昧 【あいまい】① vague, ambiguous, unclear ② fuzzy
騙す 【だます】to trick, to cheat, to deceive
いやno, nay, well
頬 【ほお】cheek (of face)
あるa certain ..., some ...
かなりconsiderably, fairly, quite
せっかくwith trouble, at great pains, long-awaited
まれrare, seldom
かかるto suffer from
せいcause, reason, fault
つまりin short, in brief, in other words, that is to say, in the long run, after all, blockade, stuffing, ultimate
あちこち① here and there ② to get things in the wrong order (back to front), to become muddled up
あらoh, ah
おやoh!, oh?, my!
すっとstraight, quickly, directly, all of a sudden, quietly, gently, softly
せめてat least, at most
何しろ 【なにしろ】at any rate, anyhow, anyway, in any case
学年 【がくねん】year in school, grade in school
見学 【けんがく】inspection, study by observation, field trip
出入り 【でいり】in and out, coming and going, free association, income and expenditure, debits and credit
小学 【しょうがく】elementary school, primary school, grade school
小学生 【しょうがくせい】elementary school student, primary school student, grade school student
上る 【のぼる】① to ascend, to go up, to climb ② to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise ③ to go to (the capital) ④ to be promoted ⑤ to add up to ⑥ to advance (in price) ⑦ to swim up (a river), to sail up ⑧ to come up (on the agenda)
前 【ぜん】① the last (i.e. immediately preceding) (e.g. "the last mayor"), previous, one-time, former ② (before the name of an era) pre- (e.g. "premodern") ③ before, earlier
中年 【ちゅうねん】middle-age, middle age, midlife, one's middle years
分 【ぶん】① part, segment, share, ration ② rate ③ degree, one's lot, one's status, relation, duty, kind, lot ④ in proportion to, just as much as
がる① to feel (on adj-stem to represent a third party's apparent emotion) ② to behave as if one were
それなのにand yet, despite this, but even so, but even then, however, nevertheless, for all that, notwithstanding that
はあ① yes, indeed, well ② ha! ③ what?, huh? ④ sigh
下 【しも】① lower reaches (of a river) ② bottom, lower part ③ lower half (of the body, esp. the privates), feces (faeces), urine, menses ④ end, far from the imperial palace (i.e. far from Kyoto, esp. of western Japan) ⑤ dirty (e.g. dirty jokes, etc.)
小 【しょう】① smallness, small item ② short month (i.e. having fewer than 31 days) ③ elementary school ④ younger or inferior (of two items or people with the same name)
とくto do something in readiness for, to get something (needful) done
意地悪 【いじわる】malicious, ill-tempered, unkind
映る 【うつる】to be reflected, to harmonize with (harmonise), to come out (photo), to be projected
強引 【ごういん】overbearing, coercive, pushy, forcible, high-handed
強気 【つよき】firm, strong
言いつける 【いいつける】① to tell (to do), to order, to charge, to direct ② to tell on (someone), to report ③ to often say
行事 【ぎょうじ】event, function
作者 【さくしゃ】author, authoress
思い切り 【おもいきり】with all one's strength, with all one's heart, resignation, resolution
私立 【しりつ】private (establishment)
手前 【てまえ】① before, this side ② one's standpoint, one's appearance ③ we ④ you
重たい 【おもたい】heavy, massive, serious, important, severe, oppressed
重力 【じゅうりょく】gravity
切れ 【きれ】① piece, slice, strip, scrap ② cloth ③ sharpness ④ counter for scraps, pieces, etc.
大学院 【だいがくいん】graduate school
地名 【ちめい】place name
転がる 【ころがる】to roll, to tumble
同時 【どうじ】simultaneous(ly), concurrent, same time, synchronous, together
歩 【ほ】① step, stride ② counter for steps
弟子 【でし】pupil, disciple, adherent, follower, apprentice, young person, teacher's student-helper
別々 【べつべつ】separately, individually
元々 【もともと】originally, by nature, from the start
注す 【さす】to pour (drink), to serve (drinks)
問 【もん】counter for questions
気味 【ぎみ】-like, -looking, -looked
業 【ぎょう】① work, business ② study
安易 【あんい】① easy, simple ② easy-going
回答 【かいとう】reply, answer
絵の具 【えのぐ】colors, colours, paints
角 【かく】① angle ② square (or cube) ③ bishop (shogi) ④ third degree (of the Japanese & Chinese pentatonic scale) ⑤ Chinese "horn" constellation (one of the 28 mansions) ⑥ jiao (monetary unit of China; one-tenth of a yuan)
学科 【がっか】study subject, course of study
感想 【かんそう】impressions, thoughts
期 【き】① period, time ② (geological) age
見当 【けんとう】aim, mark, estimate, guess, approximation, direction
原 【はら】field, plain, prairie, tundra, moor, wilderness
祭る 【まつる】① to deify, to enshrine ② to pray, to worship
参考 【さんこう】reference, consultation
指定 【してい】designation, specification, assignment, appointment, pointing at
留める 【とめる】① to stop (something or someone), to turn off ② to concentrate on, to pay attention to ③ to remember, to bear in mind ④ to fix into place ⑤ to park, to leave somewhere for a time
実感 【じっかん】feelings (actual, true)
実用 【じつよう】practical use, utility
手首 【てくび】wrist
受験 【じゅけん】taking an examination
集合 【しゅうごう】① gathering, assembly, meeting ② set
重量 【じゅうりょう】① weight ② heavyweight boxer
真っ暗 【まっくら】① total darkness, pitch dark ② bleak future, poor prospects
神様 【かみさま】God
親指 【おやゆび】thumb
勢い 【いきおい】① force, vigor, vigour, energy, spirit, life ② influence, authority, power, might ③ impetus, momentum, course (of events) ④ naturally, necessarily
正面 【しょうめん】front, frontage, facade, main
体育 【たいいく】physical education, gymnastics, athletics
断定 【だんてい】conclusion, decision
直角 【ちょっかく】right angle, perpendicular
直線 【ちょくせん】straight line
電柱 【でんちゅう】telephone pole, telegraph pole, lightpole
日常 【にちじょう】ordinary, regular, everyday, usual
能 【のう】① talent, gift, function ② noh (theatre)
表紙 【ひょうし】front cover, binding
方面 【ほうめん】① direction, district, area ② field (e.g. of study)
満員 【まんいん】full house, no vacancy, sold out, standing room only, full (of people), crowded
用語 【ようご】term, terminology
和 【わ】① sum ② harmony, peace ③ Japanese-style
ため息 【ためいき】sigh
混じる 【まじる】to be mixed, to be blended with, to associate with, to mingle with, to interest, to join
移す 【うつす】① to change, to swap, to substitute, to transfer ② to change the object of one's interest or focus ③ to spend or take time ④ to infect ⑤ to permeate something with the smell or colour of something ⑥ to move on to the next or different stage of (a plan, etc.)
解く 【ほどく】to unfasten, to untie, to unwrap (e.g. parcel)
解説 【かいせつ】explanation, commentary, exposition, elucidation
解放 【かいほう】① release, unleashing, liberation, emancipation, setting free ② deallocation (of computer memory)
乾かす 【かわかす】to dry (clothes, etc.), to desiccate
含める 【ふくめる】to include, to instruct, to make one understand, to put in one's mouth
規律 【きりつ】① order, observance, discipline ② rules, law, regulations
詰まる 【つまる】① to be blocked, to be packed ② to hit the ball near the handle of the bat (baseball)
近寄る 【ちかよる】to approach, to draw near
候補 【こうほ】① candidate, contender, prospect, pick, choice, list ② candidacy, candidature, nomination
構造 【こうぞう】structure, construction
肯定 【こうてい】positive, affirmation
座布団 【ざぶとん】zabuton (flat floor cushion used when sitting or kneeling; usu. rectangular)
再 【さい】re-, again, repeated
作法 【さほう】manners, etiquette, propriety
刺さる 【ささる】to stick, to be stuck
四捨五入 【ししゃごにゅう】rounding half up (i.e. fractions)
自宅 【じたく】one's home
湿る 【しめる】to be wet, to become wet, to be damp
終了 【しゅうりょう】end, close, termination
心得る 【こころえる】to be informed, to have thorough knowledge
姓 【せい】① surname, family name ② hereditary title (used in ancient Japan to denote rank and political standing)
性別 【せいべつ】distinction by sex, sex, gender
成立 【せいりつ】① coming into existence, arrangements, establishment, conclusion, completion ② to come into existence, to be true, to hold (i.e. hold true)
先程 【さきほど】some time ago
浅い 【あさい】shallow, superficial
束 【たば】bundle, bunch, sheaf
体積 【たいせき】capacity, volume
対照 【たいしょう】contrast, antithesis, comparison
着替え 【きがえ】changing clothes, change of clothes
着替える 【きがえる】to change one's clothes
中途 【ちゅうと】in the middle, half-way
停止 【ていし】suspension, interruption, stoppage, ban, standstill, halt, hang-up, deadlock, stalemate, abeyance
定規 【じょうぎ】(measuring) ruler
突く 【つく】① to prick, to stab ② to poke, to prod, to push, to thrust, to nudge, to hit, to strike ③ to use (a cane), to prop oneself up with, to press against (the floor, etc.) ④ to attack ⑤ to brave (the rain, etc.)
破片 【はへん】fragment, splinter, broken piece
背負う 【せおう】to be burdened with, to carry on back or shoulder
薄暗い 【うすぐらい】dim, gloomy
反省 【はんせい】reflection, reconsideration, introspection, meditation, contemplation
副 【ふく】① assistant, associate, vice-, sub-, deputy, substitute, auxiliary, supplementary, additional, collateral ② duplicate, copy
民間 【みんかん】private, civilian, civil, popular, folk, unofficial
容積 【ようせき】capacity, volume
翌日 【よくじつ】next day
乱暴 【らんぼう】rude, violent, rough, lawless, unreasonable, reckless
冷める 【さめる】① to become cool, to come down (fever) ② to cool down (interest), to abate, to subside, to dampen
銅 【どう】copper
抱く 【だく】① to embrace, to hold in the arms (e.g. a baby), to hug ② to harbour (e.g. grudge) (harbor), to bear (e.g. a grudge), to entertain (e.g. suspicion) ③ to sleep with ④ to sit on eggs
組み合わせ 【くみあわせ】combination
測る 【はかる】① to measure, to weigh, to survey, to time (sound, gauge, estimate) ② to conjecture, to infer, to surmise
挟む 【はさむ】to interpose, to hold between, to insert
果たして 【はたして】① as was expected, just as one thought, sure enough, as a result ② really? (in questions), ever?
干す 【ほす】① to air, to dry, to desiccate ② to drain (off) ③ to drink up ④ to deprive of a role, job, etc. (usu. in the passive)
段 【だん】① step, stair, (flight of) steps, (row of) stitches, columns (of print) ② grade, rank, level ③ counter for breaks in written language (or speech, etc.)
済み 【ずみ】arranged, taken care of, settled, completed
家 【か】-ist (used after a noun indicating someone's occupation, pursuits, disposition, etc.), -er
案外 【あんがい】unexpectedly
一応 【いちおう】once, tentatively, in outline, for the time being, just in case
果たす 【はたす】to accomplish, to fulfill, to carry out, to achieve
過剰 【かじょう】excess, over-
確信 【かくしん】conviction, belief, confidence
隔てる 【へだてる】to be shut out, to separate, to isolate
勘 【かん】perception, intuition, the sixth sense
勘違い 【かんちがい】misunderstanding, wrong guess
看板 【かんばん】sign, signboard, doorplate, poster, billboard, appearance, figurehead, policy, attraction, closing time
及ぼす 【およぼす】to exert, to cause, to exercise
恐縮 【きょうしゅく】shame, very kind of you, sorry to trouble
教養 【きょうよう】culture, education, refinement, cultivation
驚かす 【おどろかす】to surprise, to frighten, to create a stir
句 【く】① section (i.e. of text), sentence, passage, paragraph ② phrase ③ verse (of 5 or 7 mora in Japanese poetry; of 4, 5, or 7 characters in Chinese poetry) ④ haiku, first 17 morae of a renga, etc. ⑤ maxim, saying, idiom, expression
系統 【けいとう】system, family line, geological formation, lineage, ancestry
堅い 【かたい】① hard, solid, tough ② stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing) ③ strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved) ④ safe, steady, honest, steadfast ⑤ obstinate, stubborn ⑥ bookish, formal, stuffy
謙虚 【けんきょ】modesty, humility
古典 【こてん】old book, classics, classic
後悔 【こうかい】regret, repentance
後輩 【こうはい】junior (at work or school)
御覧 【ごらん】① (after the -te form of a verb) (please) try to ② (please) look ③ seeing, looking, watching
校舎 【こうしゃ】school building
綱 【つな】① rope ② sumo grand champion's braided belt
殺人 【さつじん】murder
姿勢 【しせい】attitude, posture
煮る 【にる】to boil, to cook
取り戻す 【とりもどす】to take back, to regain, to get back, to recover
寿命 【じゅみょう】life span
縦 【たて】① the vertical, height ② front-to-back, length
縮める 【ちぢめる】to shorten, to reduce, to boil down, to shrink
純粋 【じゅんすい】pure, true, genuine, unmixed
順序 【じゅんじょ】order, sequence, procedure
節 【ふし】① joint, knuckle ② tune, melody ③ knot (in wood), node in a bamboo stem ④ part, notable characteristic
素人 【しろうと】amateur, novice
素直 【すなお】① obedient, meek, docile, unaffected ② honest, frank
爽やか 【さわやか】fresh, refreshing, invigorating, clear, fluent, eloquent
あう① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
妥当 【だとう】valid, proper, right, appropriate
体操 【たいそう】gymnastics, physical exercises, calisthenics
対策 【たいさく】counter-plan, counter-measure
濁る 【にごる】to become muddy, to get impure
彫刻 【ちょうこく】carving, engraving, sculpture
跳ぶ 【とぶ】① to jump, to leap, to spring, to bound, to hop ② to fly, to soar
典型 【てんけい】type, pattern, archetypal
吐く 【はく】① to breathe ② to tell (lies) ③ to vomit, to disgorge
峠 【とうげ】ridge, (mountain) pass, difficult part
日陰 【ひかげ】shade, shadow
半径 【はんけい】radius
犯す 【おかす】① to commit (e.g. crime), to perpetrate ② to transgress, to contravene ③ to violate, to ravish, to rape, to deflower
敷地 【しきち】site, plot, lot, grounds
物騒 【ぶっそう】dangerous, disturbed, insecure
文房具 【ぶんぼうぐ】stationery
文脈 【ぶんみゃく】context
平凡 【へいぼん】common, commonplace, ordinary, mediocre
保健 【ほけん】health preservation, hygiene, sanitation
崩れる 【くずれる】to collapse, to crumble
泡 【あわ】bubble, foam, froth, head on beer
本気 【ほんき】seriousness, truth, sanctity
愉快 【ゆかい】pleasant, happy
只 【ただ】free of charge
廊下 【ろうか】corridor
脅かす 【おどかす】① to threaten, to menace ② to startle, to surprise
基準 【きじゅん】standard, basis, criterion, norm, reference, datum
響き 【ひびき】echo, sound, reverberation, noise
いったん① once ② for a moment, temporarily
よる① to be due to, to be caused by ② to depend on, to turn on ③ to be based on, to come from
くだらないgood-for-nothing, stupid, trivial, worthless
そば① buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) ② soba (Japanese buckwheat noodles)
隙間 【すきま】crevice, crack, gap, opening
いきなりabruptly, suddenly, all of a sudden, without warning
こするto rub, to scrub
なおfurthermore, still, yet, more, still more, in addition, greater, further
尖る 【とがる】① to taper to a point, to become sharp ② to look displeased, to look sour
煎る 【いる】to parch, to fry, to fire, to broil, to roast, to boil down (in oil)
たんすchest of drawers, bureau, cabinet, tansu, dresser
頂戴 【ちょうだい】① receiving, reception, getting, being given ② eating, drinking, having ③ (also used after -te forms) please, please do for me
つぶれる① to be smashed ② to become useless, to cease functioning ③ to go bankrupt
爪 【つめ】① nail (e.g. fingernail, toenail), claw, talon, hoof ② plectrum, pick ③ hook, clasp
かぶせるto cover (with something), to put on (e.g. on someone else's head), to plate something (with a metal), to pour or dash a liquid (on something), to charge (a person with a guilt)
呆れる 【あきれる】to be amazed, to be shocked
あくまでto the end, to the bitter end, to the last, stubbornly, persistently, to the utmost
もちsticky rice cake
さすが① as one would expect ② still, all the same ③ even... (e.g. "even a genius...")
いずれ① where, which, who ② anyway, anyhow, at any rate, sooner or later, eventually, at some future date or time
ふざけるto romp, to gambol, to frolic, to joke, to make fun of, to flirt, to mess around, to screw around, to josh
洒落 【しゃれ】① joke, pun, witticism ② smartly dressed, stylish, fashion-conscious, refined
皺 【しわ】① wrinkle, crease ② ripple
睨む 【にらむ】to glare at, to scowl at, to keep an eye on
ややa little, partially, somewhat, a short time, a while
はさみscissors, tongs
かつて① once, before, formerly, ever, former, ex- ② never (with negative verb)
さてwell, now, then
匙 【さじ】spoon
あるいはor, possibly
かなJapanese syllabary (alphabets), kana
剥がす 【はがす】to tear off, to peel off, to rip off, to strip off, to skin, to flay, to disrobe, to deprive of, to detach, to disconnect
ひとまずfor the present, once, in outline
もったいない① too good, more than one deserves, unworthy of ② wasteful
なるto bear fruit
うなずくto nod, to bow one's head in assent
あっさりeasily, readily, quickly
いざnow, come (now), well
きっちり① punctually, on the dot, precisely ② closely, tightly, (fits) like a glove ③ without fail
じっくりdeliberately, carefully
すんなりpass with no objection, slim, slender
てっきりsurely, certainly, beyond doubt
でかいhuge, gargantuan
どうにかin some way or other, one way or another
どうやらit seems like, it appears that, somehow or other
ひょっとpossibly, accidentally
やけにawfully, frightfully, desperately, violently
入る 【いる】to get in, to go in, to come in, to flow into, to set, to set in
はるto do
間 【ま】space, room, time, pause
業 【ごう】karma (i.e. actions committed in a former life)
見方 【みかた】viewpoint
持てる 【もてる】① to be able to possess (hold, get, etc.) ② to be well liked, to be popular, to be pampered (spoiled, doted upon, etc.), to be welcomed ③ to endure (the tests of time, the elements, etc.), to last ④ possessed ⑤ possessing riches, having wealth
答 【こたえ】response, reply, answer, solution
同 【どう】the same, the said, ibid.
問答 【もんどう】questions and answers, dialogue
音 【おん】① sound, noise, report ② note (music) ③ Chinese-derived character reading
重 【じゅう】greater degree, heavy, serious
一部 【いちぶ】① one part, one portion, one section, some ② one copy (e.g. of a document)
引き取る 【ひきとる】to take charge of, to take over, to retire to a private place
実質 【じっしつ】substance, essence
交わす 【かわす】① to exchange (messages, greetings, arguments, etc.) ② to intersect, to cross ③ to dodge, to parry, to avoid, to turn aside
期末 【きまつ】end of term
喫茶 【きっさ】tea drinking, tea house
初 【はつ】first, new
兆 【ちょう】① sign, omen, indication, portent ② 10^12, 1,000,000,000,000, trillion (American), (obs) billion (British)
内臓 【ないぞう】internal organs, intestines, viscera
付き 【つき】① furnished with, including ② attached to ③ impression, appearance ④ luck ⑤ sociality ⑥ under, assistant (e.g. to a manager) ⑦ soup base
頼み 【たのみ】request, favor, favour, reliance, dependence
圧迫 【あっぱく】pressure, coercion, oppression
扱い 【あつかい】treatment, service
暗示 【あんじ】hint, suggestion
異議 【いぎ】objection, dissent, protest
衣装 【いしょう】clothing, costume, outfit, garment, dress
一概に 【いちがいに】unconditionally, as a rule
一見 【いっけん】① look, glimpse, glance ② to glance, to glimpse ③ apparently, seemingly
一切 【いっさい】all, everything, without exception, the whole, entirely, absolutely
一息 【ひといき】① one breath, pause, rest ② one go (i.e. in a short time) ③ small amount of effort
液 【えき】liquid, fluid
演じる 【えんじる】to perform (a play), to play (a part), to act (a part), to commit (a blunder)
縁 【えん】① fate, destiny (esp. as a mysterious force that binds two people together) ② relationship (e.g. between two people), bond, link, connection ③ family ties, affinity ④ opportunity, chance (to meet someone and start a relationship) ⑤ pratyaya (indirect conditions, as opposed to direct causes) ⑥ narrow open-air veranda
汚らわしい 【けがらわしい】filthy, unfair
何より 【なにより】most, best, above all
果てる 【はてる】① to end, to be finished, to be exhausted, to die, to perish ② indicates an extreme has been reached
各種 【かくしゅ】every kind, all sorts
覚え 【おぼえ】memory, sense, experience
学歴 【がくれき】academic background
活発 【かっぱつ】vigor, vigour, active, lively
叶う 【かなう】to come true (wish)
刊行 【かんこう】publication, issue
勘弁 【かんべん】pardon, forgiveness, forbearance
耐える 【たえる】① to bear, to stand, to endure, to put up with ② to support, to withstand, to resist, to brave ③ to be fit for, to be equal to
幹部 【かんぶ】management, (executive) staff, leaders, leadership, top brass, upper echelons
感触 【かんしょく】sense of touch, feeling, sensation, texture (of food while chewing)
簡易 【かんい】simplicity, convenience, easiness, quasi-
緩める 【ゆるめる】to loosen, to slow down
観点 【かんてん】point of view
間柄 【あいだがら】relation(ship)
器 【うつわ】① bowl, vessel, container ② ability, capacity, calibre, caliber
祈り 【いのり】prayer, supplication
記す 【しるす】① to write down, to note ② to remember
犠牲 【ぎせい】victim, sacrifice, scapegoat
及び 【および】and, as well as
拒絶 【きょぜつ】refusal, rejection
距離 【きょり】distance, range
協議 【きょうぎ】conference, consultation, discussion, negotiation
協定 【きょうてい】arrangement, pact, agreement
強いて 【しいて】by force
教科 【きょうか】subject, curriculum
脅す 【おどす】to threaten, to menace
極端 【きょくたん】extreme, extremity
禁じる 【きんじる】to prohibit
空間 【くうかん】space, room, airspace
空腹 【くうふく】hunger
群 【ぐん】① group (of animals) ② group
刑 【けい】penalty, sentence, punishment
形成 【けいせい】formation, molding, taking form
掲載 【けいさい】① publication (e.g. article in paper), appearance, insertion ② to insert (e.g. an article), to run (e.g. in a newspaper)
携帯 【けいたい】something carried (in the hand), handheld
系 【けい】① system, lineage, group ② corollary ③ (geological) system (range of strata that correspond to a particular time period) ④ (taxonomical) series
警戒 【けいかい】① vigilance, precaution, watch, lookout, alertness ② to be vigilant, to be cautious, to guard (against)
軽率 【けいそつ】rash, thoughtless, careless, hasty
結成 【けっせい】formation, combination
権限 【けんげん】power, authority, jurisdiction
見せびらかす 【みせびらかす】to show off, to flaunt
見落とす 【みおとす】to overlook, to fail to notice, to miss (seeing)
悟る 【さとる】① to understand, to comprehend, to realize, to perceive, to sense, to discern ② to attain enlightenment
誤る 【あやまる】① to make a mistake, to err ② to mislead, to misguide
公立 【こうりつ】public (institution)
いい加減 【いいかげん】① irresponsible, perfunctory, careless ② lukewarm, half-baked, halfhearted, vague ③ reasonable, moderate (usu. in suggestions or orders) ④ considerably, quite, rather, pretty
構える 【かまえる】① to set up (e.g. a building) ② to prepare in advance (e.g. a meal), to prepare to use something (e.g. a camera) ③ to plan, to scheme ④ to fabricate in order to deceive ⑤ to stiffen, to become formal
行為 【こうい】act, deed, conduct
行政 【ぎょうせい】administration
合わす 【あわす】① to match (rhythm, speed, etc.) ② to join together, to unite, to combine, to add up ③ to face, to be opposite (someone) ④ to compare, to check with ⑤ to cause to meet (e.g. an unpleasant fate) ⑥ to place together, to connect, to overlap ⑦ to mix, to combine ⑧ to put blade to blade, to fight
告白 【こくはく】① confession, acknowledgement, acknowledgment ② profession of love ③ confession of sins (e.g. the confessional)
込める 【こめる】to include, to put into
根本 【こんぽん】root, source, origin, foundation, base, principle
差し出す 【さしだす】to present, to submit, to tender, to hold out
詐欺 【さぎ】fraud, swindle, graft
再生 【さいせい】playback, regeneration, resuscitation, return to life, rebirth, reincarnation, refresh, narrow escape, reclamation, regrowth
作 【さく】a work, a harvest
思考 【しこう】thought, consideration, thinking
視点 【してん】opinion, point of view, visual point
事前 【じぜん】prior, beforehand, in advance
治療 【ちりょう】medical treatment, cure
自覚 【じかく】self-consciousness, self-awareness
自己 【じこ】self, oneself
自在 【じざい】freely, at will
実 【じつ】① truth, reality ② sincerity, honesty, fidelity ③ content, substance ④ (good) result
遮る 【さえぎる】to interrupt, to intercept, to obstruct
若干 【じゃっかん】some, few, number of
弱る 【よわる】to weaken, to be troubled, to be downcast, to be emaciated, to be dejected, to be perplexed, to impair
主任 【しゅにん】person in charge, responsible official, senior staff
手回し 【てまわし】preparations, arrangements
手際 【てぎわ】performance, skill, tact
手順 【てじゅん】process, procedure, sequence, protocol, instruction
受け止める 【うけとめる】to catch, to stop the blow, to react to, to take
襲う 【おそう】① to attack, to assail, to make an assault, to strike, to hunt down ② to succeed (someone in a post, role, etc.) ③ to make a sudden visit
襲撃 【しゅうげき】attack, charge, raid
柔軟 【じゅうなん】flexible, lithe, soft, pliable
塾 【じゅく】coaching school, cramming school, juku
処分 【しょぶん】disposal, dealing, punishment
所在 【しょざい】whereabouts
勝手 【かって】① one's own convenience, one's way ② convenience or ease of use, knowledge of how to use ③ circumstances, situation (e.g. financial), environment ④ kitchen ⑤ arbitrary
尚更 【なおさら】all the more, still less
衝撃 【しょうげき】shock, crash, impact, ballistic
証言 【しょうげん】evidence, testimony
障る 【さわる】to hinder, to interfere with, to affect, to do one harm, to be harmful to
上昇 【じょうしょう】rising, ascending, climbing
嬢 【じょう】① unmarried woman ② (after a name) Miss ③ (after a line of work) -ess, -ette
信者 【しんじゃ】believer, adherent, devotee
心掛ける 【こころがける】to keep in mind, to bear in mind, to try, to aim to do, to endeavor, to endeavour
心中 【しんじゅう】double suicide, lovers suicide
振り返る 【ふりかえる】to turn head, to look over one's shoulder, to turn around, to look back
新興 【しんこう】rising, developing, emergent
真相 【しんそう】truth, real situation
身なり 【みなり】personal appearance
身近 【みぢか】near oneself, close to one, familiar
身振り 【みぶり】gesture
進行 【しんこう】advance, progress
進出 【しんしゅつ】advance, step forward
刃 【は】edge (of a knife or sword)
推測 【すいそく】guess, conjecture
水洗 【すいせん】flushing
澄ます 【すます】to clear, to make clear, to be unruffled, to look unconcerned, to look demure, to look prim, to put on airs
世代 【せだい】generation, the world, the age
制服 【せいふく】uniform
成果 【せいか】results, fruits
成熟 【せいじゅく】maturity, ripeness
整える 【ととのえる】① to put in order, to arrange, to adjust ② to get ready, to prepare ③ to raise money
正しく 【まさしく】surely, no doubt, evidently
正解 【せいかい】correct, right, correct interpretation (answer, solution)
正義 【せいぎ】justice, right, righteousness, correct meaning
正体 【しょうたい】natural shape, one's true colors, one's true colours, true character, consciousness, senses
生身 【なまみ】① living flesh, flesh and blood ② physical body of Buddha or a bodhisattva
生理 【せいり】① physiology ② menstruation, one's period, menses
盛り上がる 【もりあがる】① to swell, to rise, to bulge, to be piled up ② to rouse, to get excited
切ない 【せつない】① painful, heartrending, trying ② oppressive, suffocating, miserable
切実 【せつじつ】compelling, serious, severe, acute, earnest, pressing, urgent
接触 【せっしょく】touch, contact
設ける 【もうける】to create, to establish
設置 【せっち】establishment, institution
設定 【せってい】① establishment, creation ② options or preference settings (in computer software), configuration, assignment, setup
宣言 【せんげん】declaration, proclamation, announcement
浅ましい 【あさましい】wretched, miserable, shameful, mean, despicable, abject
前提 【ぜんてい】preamble, premise, reason, prerequisite, condition, assumption, hypothesis, given
善良 【ぜんりょう】goodness, excellence, virtue
禅 【ぜん】① dhyana (profound meditation) ② Zen (Buddhism)
組み込む 【くみこむ】to insert, to include, to cut in (printing)
相応 【そうおう】suitability, fitness
相対 【そうたい】relative
装備 【そうび】equipment
造り 【つくり】make-up, structure, physique
体格 【たいかく】physique, constitution
対応 【たいおう】① interaction, correspondence, coping with, dealing with, support ② software support, ability of a computer system to run specific software
対処 【たいしょ】deal with, cope
対話 【たいわ】interactive, interaction, conversation, dialogue
怠慢 【たいまん】negligence, procrastination, carelessness
退治 【たいじ】extermination
大金 【たいきん】large amount of money, great cost
大胆 【だいたん】bold, daring, audacious
達成 【たっせい】achievement
断言 【だんげん】assertion, declaration, affirmation
知的 【ちてき】intellectual
地獄 【じごく】hell
恥 【はじ】shame, embarrassment
恥じらう 【はじらう】to feel shy, to be bashful, to blush
畜生 【ちくしょう】① beast (i.e. any animal other than man) ② person reborn into the animal realm ③ brute (i.e. a contemptible human being) ④ son of a bitch, for Christ's sake, damn it
挑戦 【ちょうせん】challenge, defiance
直感 【ちょっかん】intuition, instinct, insight, hunch
沈黙 【ちんもく】silence, reticence
追い込む 【おいこむ】to herd, to corner, to drive
追及 【ついきゅう】① investigation (e.g. into someone's guilt), questioning, pressing, hounding, pinning down ② catching up, overtaking
通常 【つうじょう】common, general, normal, usual
訂正 【ていせい】correction, revision, amendment
天井 【てんじょう】ceiling, ceiling price
天下 【てんか】the world, whole country, descent from heaven, having one's own way, the public, the ruling power
伝説 【でんせつ】tradition, legend, folklore
吐く 【つく】① to breathe ② to tell (lies) ③ to vomit, to disgorge
徒歩 【とほ】walking, going on foot
登録 【とうろく】registration, accession, register, entry, record
土台 【どだい】foundation, base, basis
土木 【どぼく】public works
統制 【とうせい】regulation, control
逃げ出す 【にげだす】to run away, to escape from
同感 【どうかん】agreement, same opinion, same feeling, sympathy, concurrence
同士 【どうし】fellow, mutual, companion, comrade, bonding
同情 【どうじょう】sympathy, compassion, sympathize, sympathise, pity, feel for
内緒 【ないしょ】① secrecy, confidentiality, privacy, secret ② one's circumstances (esp. fiscal) ③ inner realization, personal enlightenment ④ kitchen
難 【なん】difficulty, hardships, defect
肉体 【にくたい】the body, the flesh
任命 【にんめい】appointment, nomination, ordination, commission, designation
認識 【にんしき】recognition, cognizance, cognisance
悩み 【なやみ】trouble, troubles, worry, distress, sorrows, anguish, agony, problem
把握 【はあく】grasp, catch, understanding
派 【は】clique, faction, school
馬鹿馬鹿しい 【ばかばかしい】stupid
背後 【はいご】① back, rear ② background, behind the scenes
配慮 【はいりょ】consideration, concern, forethought
迫害 【はくがい】persecution
漠然 【ばくぜん】obscure, vague, equivocal
発言 【はつげん】utterance, speech, proposal
発生 【はっせい】① outbreak, spring forth, occurrence, incidence, origin ② ontogeny, development of complex multicellular structures from cell(s) in a simple state
半端 【はんぱ】remnant, fragment, incomplete set, fraction, odd sum, incompleteness
反する 【はんする】to be inconsistent with, to oppose, to contradict, to transgress, to rebel
反応 【はんのう】reaction, response
反射 【はんしゃ】① reflection, reverberation ② reflex (medical)
悲観 【ひかん】pessimism, disappointment
悲惨 【ひさん】disastrous, tragic, miserable, wretched, pitiful
悲鳴 【ひめい】shriek, scream
扉 【とびら】① door, gate, opening ② title page
比重 【ひじゅう】① specific gravity, weight, part ② relative weight, relative importance
微笑 【びしょう】smile
眉 【まゆ】eyebrow, eyebrows
匹敵 【ひってき】comparing with, match, rival, equal
必然 【ひつぜん】inevitable, necessary
描写 【びょうしゃ】depiction, description, portrayal
病む 【やむ】to fall ill, to be ill
貧弱 【ひんじゃく】poor, meagre, meager, insubstantial
不可欠 【ふかけつ】indispensable, essential
不審 【ふしん】incomplete understanding, doubt, question, distrust, suspicion, strangeness, infidelity
不当 【ふとう】injustice, impropriety, unreasonableness, undeserved, unfair, invalid
不明 【ふめい】unknown, obscure, indistinct, uncertain, ambiguous, ignorant, lack of wisdom, anonymous, unidentified
不良 【ふりょう】badness, inferiority, delinquency, failure, defect, blemish
付け加える 【つけくわえる】to add one thing to another
腐敗 【ふはい】decay, depravity
負う 【おう】① to bear, to carry on one's back ② to take responsibility for, to accept a duty ③ to be injured ④ to owe
舞う 【まう】① to dance (orig. a whirling dance) ② to flutter about, to revolve
分散 【ぶんさん】dispersion, decentralization, decentralisation, variance (statistics), distribution, dissemination, allocation
平たい 【ひらたい】① flat, even, level, simple ② plain (speech, etc.), simple
柄 【え】① handle, grip ② stalk (of a mushroom, leaf, etc.)
偏見 【へんけん】prejudice, narrow view
返還 【へんかん】return, restoration
弁 【べん】Oversight Department (division of the daijokan responsible for controlling central and provincial governmental offices)
保つ 【たもつ】to keep, to preserve, to hold, to retain, to maintain, to support, to sustain, to last, to endure, to keep well (food), to wear well, to be durable
保管 【ほかん】charge, custody, safekeeping, deposit, storage
報酬 【ほうしゅう】remuneration, recompense, reward, toll
峰 【みね】peak, ridge
崩壊 【ほうかい】① collapse, crumbling, breaking down, caving in ② decay (physics)
放置 【ほうち】leave as is, leave to chance, leave alone, neglect
暴力 【ぼうりょく】violence, mayhem
防衛 【ぼうえい】defense, defence, protection, self-defense, self-defence
本音 【ほんね】real intention, motive
本質 【ほんしつ】essence, true nature, substance, reality
本能 【ほんのう】instinct
密度 【みつど】density
無意味 【むいみ】nonsense, no meaning, meaningless
無論 【むろん】of course, naturally
名付ける 【なづける】to name (someone)
模範 【もはん】exemplar, exemplification, exemplum, model, example
問う 【とう】① to ask, to question, to inquire ② to charge (i.e. with a crime), to accuse ③ to care (about) ④ without regard to (with negative verb)
野外 【やがい】fields, outskirts, open air, suburbs
野生 【やせい】wild, growing wild
矢 【や】arrow
優先 【ゆうせん】preference, priority, precedence
勇敢 【ゆうかん】brave, heroic, gallant
幽霊 【ゆうれい】ghost, specter, spectre, apparition, phantom
有様 【ありさま】state, condition, circumstances, the way things are or should be, truth
予感 【よかん】presentiment, premonition
予想 【よそう】expectation, anticipation, prediction, forecast, conjecture
余地 【よち】place, room, margin, scope
揺らぐ 【ゆらぐ】to swing, to sway, to shake, to tremble
用品 【ようひん】articles, supplies, parts
遥か 【はるか】far, far away, distant, remote, far off
裸足 【はだし】① barefoot ② superior to (a professional)
落下 【らっか】fall, drop, come down
落胆 【らくたん】discouragement, despondency, dejection
裏返し 【うらがえし】inside out, upside down
類 【るい】kind, sort, class, family, genus
暦 【こよみ】calendar, almanac
裂ける 【さける】to split, to tear, to burst
練る 【ねる】① to knead, to work over ② to polish up (e.g. a plan) ③ to drill, to train
連中 【れんちゅう】colleagues, company, a lot, those guys (slightly impolite)
露 【つゆ】dew
露骨 【ろこつ】① frank, blunt, plain, outspoken ② conspicuous, open ③ broad, suggestive, lewd
駆ける 【かける】① to soar, to fly ② to run, to dash
脅かす 【おびやかす】① to intimidate, to scare ② to jeopardize, to endanger, to imperil
避ける 【よける】① to avoid (physical contact with) ② to avoid (situation) ③ to ward off, to avert
奉る 【たてまつる】to offer, to present, to revere, to do respectfully
本文 【ほんぶん】text (of document), body (of letter)
言い訳 【いいわけ】① excuse ② explanation
生かす 【いかす】① to make (the best) use of, to leverage (skills, attributes, experience, etc.), to capitalise on (experience, etc) ② to let live, to keep alive ③ to revive, to resuscitate
肝心 【かんじん】essential, fundamental, crucial, vital, main
傷つく 【きずつく】① to be wounded, to get injured ② to get hurt feelings ③ to chip, to scratch, to damage
綺麗 【きれい】① pretty, lovely, beautiful, fair ② clean, clear, pure, tidy, neat ③ completely, entirely
心 【しん】① heart, mind ② spirit, vitality, inner strength ③ Chinese "Heart" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
擦る 【する】① to rub, to chafe, to strike (match), to file, to frost (glass) ② to lose (e.g. a match), to forfeit, to squander one's money (e.g. through gambling, Pachinko, etc.)
添える 【そえる】① to garnish, to accompany (as a card does a gift) ② to add to as support, to prop up ③ to accompany (as an aid, guide, translator, etc.)
時折 【ときおり】sometimes
止める 【とどめる】① to stop, to stay (e.g. the night), to cease, to put an end to ② to contain, to keep (in position, in place), to limit ③ to record (e.g. a fact), to retain
取引 【とりひき】transactions, dealings, business
堂々 【どうどう】① magnificent, grand, impressive, dignified, majestic, imposing, stately ② fair, square, open ③ grandly, boldly, confidently ④ fairly, squarely ⑤ unreservedly, without apology, without hesitation
左利き 【ひだりきき】left-handedness, sake drinker, left-hander
見通し 【みとおし】perspective, unobstructed view, outlook, forecast, prospect, insight, foresight, visibility
屋敷 【やしき】residence, estate, grounds, premises, mansion
理屈 【りくつ】theory, reason
了承 【りょうしょう】acknowledgement, acknowledgment, understanding (e.g. "please be understanding of the mess during our renovation"), noting, acceptance
割 【わり】① rate, ratio, proportion, percentage ② profit ③ assignment ④ 10%, unit of ten percent ⑤ sumo match, schedule of sumo matches ⑥ diluted with (of drinks), mixed with
著 【ちょ】① work, book ② (a book) by ③ obvious, striking
強 【きょう】① a little over, a little more than ② powerhouse, one of the biggest, one of the most powerful
意 【い】① feelings, thoughts ② meaning
あからさまplain, frank, candid, open, direct, straightforward, unabashed, blatant, flagrant
いかにもindeed, really, phrase meaning agreement
だるいsluggish, feel heavy, languid, dull
ひたすらnothing but, earnest, intent, determined, set on (something)
もろにcompletely, all the way, altogether, bodily
引っ掛ける 【ひっかける】① to hang (something) on (something), to throw on (clothes) ② to hook, to catch, to trap, to ensnare ③ to cheat, to evade payment, to jump a bill ④ to drink (alcohol) ⑤ to splash someone (with) ⑥ to hit the ball off the end of the bat (baseball)
嘘つき 【うそつき】liar (sometimes said with not much seriousness), fibber
あえてdare (to do something), venture (often overcoming reluctance, or in the face of probable failure), take upon oneself, challenge, presume, (there is no) need to, (don't) go as far as, definitely (not)
まして① still more, to say nothing of, not to mention ② still less (with neg. verb)
近付く 【ちかづく】① to approach, to draw near, to get close ② to get acquainted with, to get closer to, to get to know
くだん① the above-mentioned, the said, (man, incident, etc.) in question ② the usual
戸惑う 【とまどう】to be bewildered, to be perplexed
垢 【あか】dirt, filth, grime
今更 【いまさら】now (after such a long time), at this late hour (i.e. it is too late for something)
嫉妬 【しっと】jealousy, envy
唾 【つば】saliva, spit, sputum
叩く 【はたく】① to strike, to clap, to dust, to beat ② to play drums ③ to abuse, to flame (e.g. on the Internet), to insult ④ to use up money
辿る 【たどる】to follow (road), to pursue (course), to follow up, to follow (hyperlink)
綴じる 【とじる】to bind, to file
つつく① to poke (repeatedly, lightly), to nudge ② to peck at (one's food), to pick at ③ to peck at (someone's faults, etc.) ④ to egg on, to put up to
年頃 【としごろ】① approximate age, apparent age ② marriageable age (esp. of a woman), age of independence, age of adulthood ③ (after modifying phrase) appropriate age (to ...), old enough (to ...)
返る 【かえる】① to return, to come back, to go back ② (after the -masu stem of a verb) (to become) extremely, (to become) completely
俯く 【うつむく】to hang one's head in shame, to look downward, to cast one's eyes down
呟く 【つぶやく】to mutter, to murmur
咄嗟 【とっさ】moment, instant
くじlottery, lot
かかとheel (of foot, shoe, stocking, etc.)
かつて① once, before, formerly, ever, former, ex- ② never (with negative verb)
歪む 【ゆがむ】to warp, to swerve, to deflect, to be crooked, to be distorted, to be bent, to incline, to slant, to be perverted, to be gross-grained, to get bent, to be strained
歪む 【いがむ】to warp, to swerve, to deflect, to be crooked, to be distorted, to be bent, to incline, to slant, to be perverted, to be gross-grained, to get bent, to be strained
歪む 【ひずむ】to warp, to swerve, to deflect, to be crooked, to be distorted, to be bent, to incline, to slant, to be perverted, to be gross-grained, to get bent, to be strained
いやいやreluctantly, by no means, unwillingly
完璧 【かんぺき】perfect, complete, flawless
留める 【とどめる】① to stop, to stay (e.g. the night), to cease, to put an end to ② to contain, to keep (in position, in place), to limit ③ to record (e.g. a fact), to retain
とりあえずat once, first of all, for the time being, for now
ばらまくto disseminate, to scatter, to give money freely
よっぽど① very, greatly, much, to a large extent, quite ② just about to
割り込む 【わりこむ】to cut in, to thrust oneself into, to wedge oneself in, to muscle in on, to interrupt, to disturb
あしらうto arrange, to treat, to handle, to deal with
あっという間に 【あっというまに】just like that (lit: in the time it takes to say "Ah!"), in the twinkling of an eye, in the blink of an eye
あどけないinnocent, cherubic
おい① hey!, oi! ② me
おっさん① rude term for middle-aged man ② Buddhist priest
ぎりぎり① at the last moment, just barely ② grinding sound
ぐいぐいdoing something forcefully and continuously (pulling hard, gulping drink)
ぐるぐる① turning round and round, going around in circles ② wrapped around
こら① interjection meant to scold or reprove someone, hey! ② interjection to call out to someone, hey!
ごっこsomething done together, game of make-believe
させるto make (someone) do
しかonly, nothing but
せっかちhasty, impatient
その後 【そのご】after that, afterwards, thereafter
ぞっとshiver, shudder
たったonly, merely, but, no more than
ちっぽけvery small, tiny
つい① just (now) ② quite (near) ③ unintentionally, unconsciously, by mistake, against one's better judgement (judgment)
つかつかwalking briskly, determinedly
つばさextra-high-speed Touhoku-line Shinkansen
ときregular (stops at every station) Jouetsu-line Shinkansen
とんとんtap, rap-tap, tapping
どたばた① noisily (esp. the noise of heavy feet) ② slapstick
なら① if, in case, if it is the case that, if it is true that ② as for, on the topic of ③ if possible, if circumstances allow
ならば① if, in case, if it is the case that, if it is true that ② as for, on the topic of ③ if possible, if circumstances allow
ねた① material, joke material, contents, proof ② topping of nigiri sushi
ひょいとby chance, suddenly, accidentally, with agility
ほらlook!, look out!, look at me!
やれやれexclamation of relief or disappointment
アニメ① animated film, animated cartoon, anime (when referring to Japanese cartoons) ② animation
アンケートquestionnaire, survey
イコール① equal ② the equality sign (=)
イメージ① (one's) image ② (computer) image ③ artist's impression
カラー① collar ② color, colour ③ calla (variety of arum lily)
クラブ① club (e.g. golf, tennis) ② clubs (card suit) ③ crab
ケース① case (e.g. receptacle, condition, event, legal action, letter style, etc.) ② Computer-Aided Software Engineering, CASE
コミックcomic books, comics
ゴールデンウィークGolden Week (early-May holiday season in Japan)
サービス① service, support system ② goods or services without charge
サボるto be truant, to play hooky, to skip school, to skip out, to be idle, to sabotage by slowness
シャープペンシルpropelling or mechanical pencil
シンク① sink ② sync (synchronous)
ジャケット① jacket ② book jacket, dust cover
ステップ① step ② steppe
スパッツgaiters, leggings, tights, spats
センスgood taste (for music, style, tact, etc.) (from sense)
センチ① centimeter ② centi-, 10^-2 ③ sentimental
タオル(hand) towel
チェックcheck, plaid
チャック① chuck (device for holding a workpiece in a lathe or a tool in a drill) ② fastener, zipper
デマ(false) rumor (rumour) (abbr. from demagogy)
トップ① top ② top position ③ senior management, senior bureaucrat
ドラマ① drama ② TV drama, teledrama, play
ニッケルnickel (Ni)
ハンガー① (aircraft) hangar ② (coat) hanger ③ hunger
バイト① work (esp. part time or casual) ② byte, octet ③ bite ④ cutting tool, bit
バス停bus stop
パーセントpercent, percentage
ファースト① first ② first baseman, first base ③ fast
フォロー① follow ② followup (e.g. netnews) ③ backing-up, covering for
ブラジャーbra, brassiere
ヘルメットhelmet, hard hat, protective headgear
ホップ① hop ② hops (Humulus lupulus)
ポイント① point ② points (of a railway), switch
マジック① magic ② magic marker
ミス① mistake, error, failure ② Miss ③ myth
メーター① meter (i.e. measuring device) ② metre (i.e. 100 cm), meter
ライト① light ② right ③ right field, right fielder
リュックサックrucksack, knapsack, backpack
レベル① level ② rebel ③ revel
ロッカー① locker ② rocker
一円 【いちえん】whole district, one yen, throughout
一気に 【いっきに】at once, at a breath (stroke, sitting)
何でもかんでも 【なんでもかんでも】anything and everything, all sorts of things, by all means
何ら 【なんら】① whatever, what, what sort of, any kind of ② nothing whatever (with neg. verb)
見下す 【みくだす】to despise, to look down on
五月 【ごがつ】May
後 【のち】① later, afterwards, since ② future ③ after one's death
後日 【ごじつ】in the future, another day, later
後半 【こうはん】second half, latter half
今や 【いまや】now
山間 【さんかん】among the mountains
だしfestival car (float)
七月 【しちがつ】July
出し 【だし】① dashi (Japanese soup stock made from fish and kelp) ② pretext, excuse, pretense (pretence), dupe, front man
女子高 【じょしこう】girls' high school
中学生 【ちゅうがくせい】junior high school student, middle school pupil
中国 【ちゅうごく】① China ② South-west most region of Honshu, middle of a country, the Hiroshima area
入り 【いり】① entering ② setting (of the sun) ③ containing, content, audience ④ income ⑤ beginning
年上 【としうえ】older, senior
本書 【ほんしょ】text, script, this book
六月 【ろくがつ】June
いずれ① where, which, who ② anyway, anyhow, at any rate, sooner or later, eventually, at some future date or time
なにせat any rate, anyhow
見え 【みえ】show, display, appearance, vanity, charm, attraction
行き来 【いきき】① coming and going, keeping in touch, visiting each other ② street traffic, highway
入 【にゅう】go in
食らう 【くらう】① to eat, to drink ② to receive (e.g. a blow)
なかなか① very, considerably, easily, readily, fairly, quite, highly, rather ② by no means (with negative verb)
ひとまずfor the present, once, in outline
ひとまずfor the present, once, in outline
おいおい① Hey!, Wait a minute!, Whoa! ② boohoo, waaaa
とも① certainly, of course, to be sure, rather ② even if, no matter (who, what, when, where, why, how) ③ at the (least, earliest, etc.)
ふん① hmm, well ..., humph, huh, pshaw, pish ② roughly, harshly, violently
かむto blow (one's nose)
毎食 【まいしょく】every meal
この上ない 【このうえない】the most, the best, peerless, the greatest, first-rate
ううん① no ② er, well, ... ③ groan
おいそれとat a moment's notice, readily
さてはand then, besides, on top of that
それにしてもnevertheless, at any rate, even so
だからこそfor this reason
ともすればapt to (do), liable to, prone to
ひょっとしたらpossibly, by some possibility, perhaps
ちゃうto do something completely
じゃうto do something completely
へえoh, yes?, really?
あれよあれよexpression of surprise, dumbfounded
っぽい-ish, -like
ぽいtossing something out, throwing something away
だい① marks wh-question (what, where, who) ② strengthens one's judgment or conclusion
そりゃ① very, extremely ② that is
なる① who is called, that is called ② that is
さらり① sleek, smooth ② thin (of a liquid) ③ without hesitation or delay
かもmay, might, perhaps, may be, possibly
はむ① to eat (fodder, grass, etc.) ② to receive (a salary) ③ to receive a stipend from one's lord
分の 【ぶんの】denominator bun no numerator (in writing common fractions), X Yth's (Y bun no X)
ふむhmm, I see, hrm
えっHuh?, What's up?
これ(used to get the attention of one's equals or inferiors) hey, oi, yo
それthere! (used to call someone's attention to something)
外 【がい】outside of, not covered by
しめ(Shinto) rope used to cordon off consecrated areas or as a talisman against evil
言える 【いえる】to be possible to say, to be able to say
やり方 【やりかた】manner of doing, way, method, means
ガムchewing gum
ポーズ① pose ② pause
メイン① main ② mane
悪意 【あくい】① ill will, spite, evil intention ② bad meaning ③ (criminal) malice ④ mala fides (criminal intent to deceive)
悪質 【あくしつ】bad quality, malignancy, vicious, malignant
一足 【いっそく】pair (footwear)
右手 【みぎて】right hand
運び出す 【はこびだす】to carry out
駅前 【えきまえ】in front of station
画集 【がしゅう】book of paintings in print
開ける 【ひらける】① to become opened up, to improve, to get better ② to develop, to progress, to become civilized (civilised), to be up-to-date ③ to be enlightened, to be sensible
間近 【まぢか】proximity, nearness, soon, nearby
気楽 【きらく】at ease, comfortable
計 【けい】① plan ② meter, measuring device ③ (in) total, total (of)
見知らぬ 【みしらぬ】unknown, unacquainted, strange
元 【もと】① origin, source ② base, foundation ③ cause ④ ingredient ⑤ (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location ⑥ original cost (or capital, principal, etc.) ⑦ trunk ⑧ first section of a waka ⑨ counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry)
言い方 【いいかた】way of talking, speaking style
古書 【こしょ】old book, rare book
考え方 【かんがえかた】way of thinking
行使 【こうし】use, exercise
左手 【ひだりて】left hand
作り 【づくり】① making, forming, cultivating, growing ② form, appearance
作り出す 【つくりだす】① to manufacture, to produce, to raise (crops) ② to invent, to dream up
使いこなす 【つかいこなす】to handle (men), to master (a tool), to manage, to acquire a command of (a language)
四方 【しほう】every direction
思いっきり 【おもいっきり】with all one's strength, with all one's heart, resignation, resolution
思い切る 【おもいきる】① to give up all thoughts of, to abandon, to despair of ② to make up one's mind, to take a momentous decision
思える 【おもえる】to seem, to appear likely
死者 【ししゃ】casualty, deceased
私有地 【しゆうち】demesne, estate, private land, private property
自体 【じたい】itself
手料理 【てりょうり】home cooking
住人 【じゅうにん】dweller, inhabitant, resident
春休み 【はるやすみ】spring break, spring vacation
真意 【しんい】real intention, true motive, true meaning
水色 【みずいろ】light blue
正す 【ただす】① to correct, to reform, to amend, to redress ② to adjust, to straighten ③ to ascertain, to confirm, to verify, to make sure of ④ to enquire of someone about something (inquire), to question
前方 【ぜんぽう】forward, frontward
走り書き 【はしりがき】scribbling, scrawl, hasty writing
足らず 【たらず】just under, a little less than, just short of
体 【たい】① body, physique, posture ② shape, form, style ③ substance, identity, reality ④ field ⑤ counter for humanoid forms (e.g. dolls, statues, corpses, etc.)
体質 【たいしつ】constitution (physical), genetic make-up, predisposition (to disease)
代わり映え 【かわりばえ】① successful substitution (vs usu. in the negative) ② change for the better
大手 【おおて】① front castle gate ② both arms open, outstretched arms ③ major companies
着用 【ちゃくよう】have on, wearing
中空 【ちゅうくう】① hollow, emptiness ② mid-air, the air
通り 【どおり】① in accordance with ..., following ... ② .. Street, .. Avenue
天文学 【てんもんがく】astronomy
入力 【にゅうりょく】input, (data) entry
発する 【はっする】to fire (a gun), to emit, to give forth
不気味 【ぶきみ】weird, ominous, eerie, uncanny, ghastly
不用意 【ふようい】unpreparedness, carelessness
文字通り 【もじどおり】① literal ② literally
北の方 【きたのかた】① northward, facing the north ② nobleman's true wife
北海道 【ほっかいどう】Hokkaido (northernmost of the four main islands of Japan)
有名人 【ゆうめいじん】celebrity
立ち 【たち】stand
正気 【しょうき】true character, true heart, true spirit, sanity, consciousness, soberness
店 【てん】-store, -shop
入り口 【いりくち】entrance, entry, gate, approach, mouth
思い 【おもい】thought, mind, heart, feelings, emotion, sentiment, love, affection, desire, wish, hope, expectation, imagination, experience
思いつく 【おもいつく】to think of, to hit upon, to come into one's mind, to be struck with an idea
重み 【おもみ】importance, weight, dignity, emphasis
多々 【たた】very much, very many, more and more
使える 【つかえる】to be useful, to be serviceable
見た目 【みため】appearance
着地 【ちゃくち】landing
近作 【きんさく】recent work
見せ場 【みせば】highlight scene (of play)
物言い 【ものいい】① manner of speaking ② verbal argument ③ objection, protesting a decision (esp. that of a sumo referee) ④ rumor, rumour
大口 【おおぐち】large amount, big mouth, tall talk
私服 【しふく】civilian clothes, plain clothes
大病 【たいびょう】serious illness, dangerous disease
後ろ手 【うしろで】① hands behind one's back, hands tied behind one's back ② behind (e.g. someone), rear, back ③ appearance from behind
手つき 【てつき】manner of using one's hands
新品 【しんぴん】(brand-)new article
キャラcharacter (e.g. in a manga, anime, game, etc.)
この世 【このよ】this world, the present life
もう少し 【もうすこし】a bit more, a bit longer
そういったlike that, this type
真っ白い 【まっしろい】pure white
手ぶら 【てぶら】empty-handed
二度と 【にどと】never again (with negative verb)
引き 【びき】-off (price reduction)
ありexistence (at the present moment)
道 【どう】① road ② way ③ Buddhist teachings ④ Taoism ⑤ modern administrative region of Japan (Hokkaido) ⑥ historical administrative region of Japan (Tokaido, Tosando, etc.) ⑦ province (Tang-era administrative region of China) ⑧ province (modern administrative region of Korea)
はだける① to open, to bare, to expose ② to stretch
お化け 【おばけ】goblin, apparition, monster, ghost
やり取り 【やりとり】giving and taking, exchange (of letters), arguing back and forth, (conversational) exchange
意表 【いひょう】surprise, something unexpected
一身上 【いっしんじょう】personal (affairs)
一命 【いちめい】(a) life, (a) command
遠回し 【とおまわし】indirect (roundabout) expression
横顔 【よこがお】face in profile, profile, face seen from the side
加筆 【かひつ】correction, improvement, revision
科 【か】① department, section ② (taxonomical) family
回想 【かいそう】reflection, reminiscence
快活 【かいかつ】cheerful, lively, lighthearted
楽天的 【らくてんてき】optimistic
気取る 【きどる】to affect, to put on airs
泣きじゃくる 【なきじゃくる】to sob
九州 【きゅうしゅう】Kyushu (southernmost of the four main islands of Japan)
苦学 【くがく】paying one's own school expenses by working
具体 【ぐたい】concrete, tangible, material
見回す 【みまわす】to look around, to survey
後ろ向き 【うしろむき】back facing, turning one's back to, pessimistic
後部 【こうぶ】rear, stern
お日様 【おひさま】the sun
口調 【くちょう】tone (e.g. of voice, etc.), (verbal) expression
校正 【こうせい】① proofreading, correction of press ② calibration
校内 【こうない】within a school
校門 【こうもん】school gate
細部 【さいぶ】details
三角 【さんかく】triangle, triangular
しまうto finish, to close, to do something completely, to put away, to put an end to
仕返し 【しかえし】being even with, reprisal, tit for tat, retaliation, revenge
死神 【しにがみ】god of death, Death
字形 【じけい】character style or form
時点 【じてん】point in time, occasion
次元 【じげん】① dimension ② perspective, point of reference, level (of something)
質量 【しつりょう】mass
弱気 【よわき】timid, faint-hearted, bearish sentiment
手放す 【てばなす】to release, to relinquish, to sell, to part with, to send away
出し物 【だしもの】program (e.g. theatre, theater), programme, performance
上半身 【じょうはんしん】upper half of body, bust
乗り 【のり】① riding, ride ② spread (of paints) ③ (two)-seater ④ mood (as in to pick up on and join in with someone's mood)
真顔 【まがお】serious look
神道 【しんとう】Shinto
身じろぐ 【みじろぐ】to stir, to move
身内 【みうち】one's whole body, relatives, friends, followers
人一倍 【ひといちばい】more than others, redoubled, unusual
人情 【にんじょう】① humanity, empathy, kindness, sympathy ② human nature, common sense, customs and manners
人当たり 【ひとあたり】one's manners, one's attitude
清める 【きよめる】to purify, to cleanse, to exorcise
昔話 【むかしばなし】folklore, legend, reminiscence
切り落とす 【きりおとす】to cut down, to lop off, to prune
先回り 【さきまわり】going on ahead, forestalling, anticipating, arrival before another
先導 【せんどう】guidance, leadership
全校 【ぜんこう】the whole school
早退 【そうたい】leave early
足取り 【あしどり】① gait, manner of walking (swimming) ② trace (e.g. of route taken by hunted criminal)
多額 【たがく】large amount of money
多数 【たすう】① great number ② countless, majority
退去 【たいきょ】① departure, leaving, going away, evacuation ② recession
代物 【しろもの】thing, article, goods, fellow, affair
大声 【おおごえ】large voice
断じて 【だんじて】absolutely, positively, decidedly
知り合う 【しりあう】to get to know (someone), to make acquaintance
中退 【ちゅうたい】leaving school during a term
中部 【ちゅうぶ】① center, centre, middle, heart ② Chubu region (inc. Aichi, Nagano, Shizuoka, Niigata, Toyama, Ishikawa, Fukui, Yamanashi and Gifu prefectures)
町内 【ちょうない】neighborhood, neighbourhood, street, block, town
通りすがり 【とおりすがり】on the way, passing, that happen to pass by
伝う 【つたう】to go along, to walk along, to follow
同然 【どうぜん】similar to, same, right, proper, just, natural
読み取る 【よみとる】① to read (someone's) mind, to read between the lines ② to read (a calibration, a tape, etc.), to read (out)
読み返す 【よみかえす】to reread, to read again
内側 【うちがわ】inside, interior, inner part
美的 【びてき】esthetic, aesthetic
筆頭 【ひっとう】brush tip, first on a list
病弱 【びょうじゃく】weak constitution
不快 【ふかい】unpleasant, displeasure, discomfort
不死身 【ふじみ】invulnerability, immortality, insensibility to pain
不自然 【ふしぜん】unnatural, artificial, affected, strained
風情 【ふぜい】appearance, air, taste, elegance, entertainment, hospitality
しかしhowever, but
平手打ち 【ひらてうち】slap, spanking
平然 【へいぜん】calm, composed, cool, quiet
放つ 【はなつ】① to fire (e.g. an arrow), to hit (e.g. baseball), to break wind ② to free, to release ③ to give off (e.g. a scent), to emit (e.g. light)
面食らう 【めんくらう】to be confused, to be bewildered, to be taken aback
面白 【おもしろ】amusing, interesting
目玉 【めだま】① eyeball ② special feature, centerpiece, showpiece, drawcard ③ special program, loss leader
由来 【ゆらい】origin, source, history, derivation, reason, destiny
立ち向かう 【たちむかう】to fight against, to oppose, to face
流血 【りゅうけつ】bloodshed
流用 【りゅうよう】diversion, appropriation (e.g. of funds), misappropriation
両手 【りょうて】① (with) both hands ② approvingly
下半身 【かはんしん】lower half of body
どこ① where, what place ② how much (long, far), what extent
外側 【そとがわ】exterior, outside
十八番 【じゅうはちばん】① No. 18, eighteenth ② repertoire of 18 kabuki plays ③ one's favourite stunt (favorite), one's specialty
夜中 【やちゅう】during the night, at night
顔合わせ 【かおあわせ】meeting together, introduction
気合 【きあい】scream, yell, fighting spirit
定型 【ていけい】fixed form, regular shape, stereotyped
情けない 【なさけない】miserable, pitiable, shameful, deplorable
不意打ち 【ふいうち】surprise attack
真っ平 【まっぴら】(not) by any means, (not) for anything, humbly, sincerely
もったいない① too good, more than one deserves, unworthy of ② wasteful
やり直す 【やりなおす】to do over again, to redo, to start over, to remake, to resume, to recommence
根っこ 【ねっこ】root, stub, stump
一時期 【いちじき】a period (of time)
部活 【ぶかつ】club activities
教頭 【きょうとう】deputy head teacher, vice principal
混じり 【まじり】mixed, mingled
定番 【ていばん】standard (goods, procedure, etc.), (one's) routine, product with consistent sales, staple (of a situation, of a fiction genre, etc.)
迷い 【まよい】① hesitation, bewilderment, doubt, indecision ② inability to reach enlightenment
受け 【うけ】① popularity, favour, favor, reception ② defense, defence, reputation ③ agreement ④ submissive partner of a homosexual relationship ⑤ receiver of technique (e.g. in martial arts)
受け手 【うけて】(referring to a person) receiver, receiving side, viewer, listener
取り留める 【とりとめる】to stop, to put a stop to, to check
見取る 【みとる】to perceive, to understand
気取る 【けどる】to suspect, to sense
真実味 【しんじつみ】truth (veracity, authenticity) (e.g. of a report)
取っ組み合い 【とっくみあい】grapple, scuffle
重石 【おもし】stone weight (as used on pickle-tub covers)
短め 【みじかめ】rather short, somewhat short
うめき声 【うめきごえ】groan, moan, moaning
向き直る 【むきなおる】to turn round, to face about, to turn about
根こそぎ 【ねこそぎ】root and branch, thoroughly, by the roots
こく① to let loose (e.g. a fart) ② to utter (e.g. a lie)
さして(with negative sentence) not much
悪党 【あくとう】scoundrel, rascal, villain
悪夢 【あくむ】nightmare, bad dream
囲い 【かこい】enclosure, paling, storage
衣 【ころも】① clothes, garment ② gown, robe ③ coating (e.g. glaze, batter, icing)
違和感 【いわかん】① uncomfortable feeling, feeling out of place, sense of discomfort ② malaise, physical unease
一人娘 【ひとりむすめ】an only daughter
ちょっと① just a minute, short time, just a little ② somewhat, easily, readily, rather ③ (before a verb in negative form) (will not) easily ④ hey!
一段 【いちだん】① more, much more, still more, all the more ② part (of a talk) ③ Japanese verb group ④ first rank (in martial arts, etc.)
一般人 【いっぱんじん】an ordinary person
一片 【いっぺん】(a) slice, (a) piece
ちなみにby the way, in this connection, incidentally, in passing
引き抜く 【ひきぬく】① to extract, to uproot, to pull out ② to headhunt, to lure away
右腕 【みぎうで】right arm
永久歯 【えいきゅうし】permanent tooth
押し付ける 【おしつける】to press, to push, to force
降る 【くだる】① to descend, to go down, to come down ② to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.) ③ to pass (of time) ④ to surrender, to capitulate ⑤ (often in neg. form) to be less than, to be inferior to ⑥ to have the runs, to have diarrhea
過言 【かごん】exaggeration, saying too much
過度 【かど】excess, immoderation
解体 【かいたい】disassembly, dismantling, deconstruction, dissolution, demolishing
皆無 【かいむ】nothing
外資 【がいし】foreign capital (e.g. in a company), foreign investment
割り切れる 【わりきれる】to be divisible (by), to be divided without residue
かなう① to come true (wish) ② to be suited ③ to match (implies competition), to rival, to bear (e.g. I can't bear the heat)
まぬけstupidity, idiot, dunce, blockhead
疑い 【うたがい】doubt, question, uncertainty, skepticism, scepticism, suspicion, distrust
供物 【くもつ】offering
金貨 【きんか】gold coin
金髪 【きんぱつ】blond hair
空き缶 【あきかん】empty can
形容 【けいよう】form, figure, qualification, description, modifying, figure of speech
軽薄 【けいはく】frivolous, superficial
月刊 【げっかん】monthly publication, monthly issue
見違える 【みちがえる】to be beyond recognition, to be quite different
見込む 【みこむ】to anticipate, to estimate
見積もる 【みつもる】to estimate
御飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
更生 【こうせい】rehabilitation, regeneration, rebirth, resuscitation, reorganization, reorganisation
いきなりabruptly, suddenly, all of a sudden, without warning
合戦 【かっせん】battle, engagement
骨格 【こっかく】① skeleton, skeletal structure, build, frame, physique ② framework
差し込む 【さしこむ】① to insert, to put in, to thrust in, to plug in ② to shine in, to flow in ③ to jam a batter (with an inside pitch) (baseball)
冊数 【さっすう】number of books
仕込む 【しこむ】① to train, to teach, to educate ② to acquire (information), to learn, to cram ③ to stock, to stock up on ④ to prepare (esp. ingredients for brewing) ⑤ to insert, to build into, to fit
しまうto finish, to close, to do something completely, to put away, to put an end to
思い悩む 【おもいなやむ】to worry
支え 【ささえ】support, stay, prop
似合い 【にあい】well-matched, becoming, suitable
失言 【しつげん】using improper words, verbal slip
失明 【しつめい】loss of eyesight
若者 【わかもの】young man, youth, lad
取り囲む 【とりかこむ】to surround, to crowd around
取り乱す 【とりみだす】to scatter about, to be distracted
手渡す 【てわたす】to hand over, to surrender
受賞 【じゅしょう】winning (a prize)
収録 【しゅうろく】① compilation, editing ② recording
集約 【しゅうやく】① intensive ② collect(ed), summarize(d), summarise(d)
順位 【じゅんい】order, rank, position (e.g. in a race), precedence
初める 【そめる】to begin to
初出 【しょしゅつ】first appearance
初恋 【はつこい】first love, puppy love
笑い声 【わらいごえ】laughter
常連 【じょうれん】① regular customer, regular patron, frequenter ② constant companion
食い込む 【くいこむ】① to eat into, to encroach, to erode ② to be wedged (a girl), i.e. underwear pulled from the back, driving it between the buttocks
震え 【ふるえ】shivering, trembling
人任せ 【ひとまかせ】leaving (it) to others
水際 【みずぎわ】beach, water's edge
数値 【すうち】① numerical value, numerics ② reading (on a meter, etc.)
性的 【せいてき】① (relating to) gender ② sex, sexual
なるべくas much as possible, wherever practicable
生まれ変わる 【うまれかわる】to be born again, to make a fresh start in life
絶望 【ぜつぼう】despair, hopelessness
先制 【せんせい】preempt, head-start (of several runs) (baseball)
戦場 【せんじょう】battlefield, battleground
洗い流す 【あらいながす】to wash away
洗面 【せんめん】wash up (one's face), have a wash
前髪 【まえがみ】forelock, bangs
全般 【ぜんぱん】(the) whole, universal, wholly, general
台湾 【たいわん】Taiwan
題材 【だいざい】subject, theme
担任 【たんにん】① in charge (of something) ② homeroom teacher
着衣 【ちゃくい】one's clothes
超人 【ちょうじん】① superman, superwoman ② Ubermensch (e.g. Nietzsche's ideal man of the future), overman
伝承 【でんしょう】transmission, hand down (information), legend, tradition, folklore
怒る 【いかる】① to get angry, to get mad ② to tell someone off, to scold ③ to be angular, to be square
同席 【どうせき】presence, sitting with, being with
突き破る 【つきやぶる】to break through, to penetrate, to pierce
入信 【にゅうしん】entering the faith
脳裏 【のうり】one's mind
破局 【はきょく】catastrophe, cataclysm
薄っぺら 【うすっぺら】very thin, flimsy, cheap, shallow
あなたbeyond, across, the other side, the distance
表示 【ひょうじ】indication, representation, manifestation
病状 【びょうじょう】condition of a disease (patient)
貧血 【ひんけつ】anemia, anaemia
不可能 【ふかのう】impossible
不仲 【ふなか】discord
付け 【つけ】① fixed ② bill, bill of sale ③ tab (for later payment), credit
部位 【ぶい】part, position (in a whole, i.e. body)
風格 【ふうかく】personality, style, appearance
並び 【ならび】line, row, rank, list
変わり者 【かわりもの】an eccentric, sport
変形 【へんけい】transformation, variation, metamorphosis, modification, deformation, variety, deformity, monster
片隅 【かたすみ】corner, nook
片手 【かたて】one hand
暮れ 【くれ】year end, sunset, nightfall, end
包み込む 【つつみこむ】to wrap up
放課後 【ほうかご】after school
法外 【ほうがい】exorbitant, outrageous
本性 【ほんしょう】true character, real nature
またagain, and, also, still (doing something)
民主 【みんしゅ】① democracy, popular sovereignty ② democratic
夢見る 【ゆめみる】to dream (of)
無責任 【むせきにん】irresponsibility
木造 【もくぞう】wooden, made of wood
問題児 【もんだいじ】problem child
優等生 【ゆうとうせい】honor student, honours student
あまりにtoo much, excessively, too
頼り 【たより】reliance, dependence
絡まる 【からまる】to be entwined, to be involved
落差 【らくさ】a head (of water), a difference
乱立 【らんりつ】flood (of candidates)
陸上 【りくじょう】land, ground, shore
療法 【りょうほう】remedy, medical treatment
冷水 【れいすい】cold water
零 【れい】zero, nought
連れ込む 【つれこむ】to bring (somebody into a place)
腕時計 【うでどけい】wristwatch
どれほどhow much (long, far)
格好いい 【かっこういい】attractive, good-looking, stylish, "cool"
見栄 【みえ】show, display, appearance, vanity, charm, attraction
いなno, nay, well
暴言 【ぼうげん】reckless remark, rash remark, abusive language, thoughtless words
いやいやreluctantly, by no means, unwillingly
折り曲げる 【おりまげる】to bend, to turn up, to turn down, to double
関わる 【かかわる】① to be affected, to be influenced ② to be concerned with, to have to do with ③ to stick to (opinions)
かなりconsiderably, fairly, quite
希薄 【きはく】thin (e.g. air), lean, rarified, diluted, sparse, weak, rarefied
切り替え 【きりかえ】exchange, conversion, replacement, switching (to), switchover
隅々 【すみずみ】every nook and corner
正座 【せいざ】kneeling with the tops of the feet flat on the floor, and sitting on the soles
飛び降りる 【とびおりる】to jump down, to jump off, to jump from, to jump out of
ひどいcruel, awful, severe, very bad, serious, terrible, heavy, violent
不要 【ふよう】unnecessary, unneeded
まれrare, seldom
未成年 【みせいねん】minor, not of age
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
よっぽど① very, greatly, much, to a large extent, quite ② just about to
解る 【わかる】① to be understood, to be comprehended, to be grasped ② to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
平成 【へいせい】Heisei era (1989.1.8- )
つまりin short, in brief, in other words, that is to say, in the long run, after all, blockade, stuffing, ultimate
呼び名 【よびな】given name, popular name, mnemonic name
一人暮らし 【ひとりぐらし】a single life, a solitary life, living alone
水浴び 【みずあび】bathing (swimming) in cold water
転倒 【てんとう】① falling down, tumbling, overturning, turning over ② reversing, inverting, inversion ③ getting upset
甘んじる 【あまんじる】to content oneself with, to be resigned to (one's fate), to be contented (satisfied) with (one's lot)
いただける① to receive (potential) ② to be pretty good, to be exquisite, to be approvable
個々人 【ここじん】an individual, individual people
呼ばわり 【よばわり】to call (e.g. somebody a thief), to denounce, to brand as
たまにoccasionally, once in a while
汚らしい 【きたならしい】dirty-looking, squalid
説法 【せっぽう】lecture, sermon, preaching, moralizing, moralising
座り 【すわり】① sitting ② stability
思い浮かべる 【おもいうかべる】to be reminded of, to call to mind
片足 【かたあし】one leg, one-legged
跡形 【あとかた】trace, vestige, evidence
物々交換 【ぶつぶつこうかん】bartering
論法 【ろんぽう】logic, reasoning
郵便受け 【ゆうびんうけ】mailbox
得意顔 【とくいがお】triumphant look
聞き覚え 【ききおぼえ】① learning by ear ② memory of having heard something before
埋め合わせ 【うめあわせ】compensation
言い逃れる 【いいのがれる】to explain away, to talk one's way out of, to excuse oneself, to evade
師 【し】① teacher, master, one's mentor ② religious leader ③ specialist
封じる 【ふうじる】① to seal (letter) ② to prevent, to forbid, to block
うっすら① thinly, lightly, slightly ② hazy, fuzzy ③ dim, faint, slight
招き入れる 【まねきいれる】to invite in, to show someone in
身構える 【みがまえる】to put oneself on guard, to stand ready, to square off
言い過ぎ 【いいすぎ】exaggeration, overstatement
杯 【はい】① sake cup, cup for alcoholic beverages ② counter for cupfuls ③ counter for ships, octopuses and squid
お願い 【おねがい】① request, wish ② please
たまoccasional, rare
込み 【こみ】including, inclusive of
よぎるto go by, to cross, to pass by, to float across
お陰 【おかげ】(your) backing, assistance, thanks or owing to
させる① to make (someone) do ② to allow (someone) to
そもそもin the first place, to begin with, from the start, originally, ab initio
どういうsomehow, how, in what way, why, what kind of
やりくりmaking do, getting by (somehow), managing
がらすglass, pane
亜鉛 【あえん】zinc (Zn)
悪循環 【あくじゅんかん】vicious circle
悪徳 【あくとく】vice, immorality, corruption
してやるto do for (someone)
維新 【いしん】restoration (e.g. Meiji), reformation, revolution
一筋縄 【ひとすじなわ】① (piece of) rope ② ordinary method
一覧 【いちらん】① at a glance, (a) look, (a) glance, (a) summary ② (school) catalog, catalogue
逸脱 【いつだつ】deviation, omission, departure
陰口 【かげぐち】malicious gossip, backbiting, speaking ill behind someone's back
縁遠い 【えんどおい】① lately married ② having little prospect of marriage ③ unconnected, weakly related
往来 【おうらい】coming and going, road, correspondence, street traffic, highway
応える 【こたえる】① to respond, to live up to, to reward ② to take its toll, to strike home
恩人 【おんじん】benefactor, patron
下劣 【げれつ】base, mean, vulgar
仮に 【かりに】temporarily, provisionally, for example, for argument's sake
稼ぎ 【かせぎ】earnings
過敏 【かびん】nervousness, oversensitivity
概算 【がいさん】approximation, rough estimate
株式会社 【かぶしきがいしゃ】public company, corporation, KK, formula for an incorporated public company
完結 【かんけつ】conclusion, completion
緩慢 【かんまん】slow, sluggish, dull
貫通 【かんつう】pierce, penetrate, perforate
陥る 【おちいる】to fall, to trap, to cave in, to collapse
気遣い 【きづかい】consideration, concern, fear, worry, solicitude
よろしく① well, properly, suitably ② best regards, please remember me, please treat me favorably (favourably), please take care of
よろしく① well, properly, suitably ② best regards, please remember me, please treat me favorably (favourably), please take care of
びっくり① to be surprised, to be amazed, to be frightened, to be astonished ② surprise (e.g. surprise party) ③ surprise
虐待 【ぎゃくたい】ill-treatment, oppression, abuse
吸血鬼 【きゅうけつき】vampire, bloodsucker
こぞってall, all together, unanimously
教義 【きょうぎ】creed, doctrine, dogma
狂気 【きょうき】madness
仰る 【おっしゃる】to say, to speak, to tell, to talk
金網 【かなあみ】wire netting, wire mesh, wire screen
屈辱 【くつじょく】disgrace, humiliation
繰り広げる 【くりひろげる】to unfold, to unroll, to open
繰る 【くる】① to reel, to wind, to spin (thread) ② to turn (pages), to flip through (a book), to leaf through (a book), to consult (a dictionary), to refer to (an encyclopedia) ③ to count (e.g. the days) ④ to open one-by-one, to close one-by-one (e.g. shutters)
掲示板 【けいじばん】bulletin board, display board, notice board, electronic bulletin board, BBS
系列 【けいれつ】① series, sequence, system, order of succession ② keiretsu (conglomeration of businesses linked by cross-shareholdings)
堅苦しい 【かたくるしい】formal, strict, ceremonious, stiff
嫌悪 【けんお】disgust, hate, repugnance
見え透く 【みえすく】to be transparent, to be easily seen through, to be obvious, to be apparent
厳守 【げんしゅ】strict observance, adherence, scrupulous compliance
幻想 【げんそう】illusions
己 【おのれ】① I (or me) ② you ③ by oneself (itself, etc.) ④ interjection expressing anger or chagrin
ゆえにtherefore, consequently
鼓動 【こどう】beat, palpitation, pulsation, throbbing
後ろ姿 【うしろすがた】retreating figure, appearance from behind
後遺症 【こういしょう】prognostic symptoms, after-effect
口振り 【くちぶり】way of speaking, intimation
貢ぐ 【みつぐ】to support, to finance
困惑 【こんわく】bewilderment, disturbance
懇願 【こんがん】entreaty, supplication, petition
催眠 【さいみん】hypnotism
祭壇 【さいだん】altar
錯覚 【さっかく】① optical illusion, hallucination ② misapprehension, delusion
擦る 【かする】to touch lightly, to take a percentage (from)
至極 【しごく】very, extremely, exceedingly
視線 【しせん】one's eyes, glance, look
謝罪 【しゃざい】apology
釈明 【しゃくめい】explanation, vindication
主軸 【しゅじく】main shaft
取り柄 【とりえ】worth, redeeming feature, merit, gain, profit
狩る 【かる】to hunt (e.g. animals), to go looking for (e.g. flowers, etc.), to gather (e.g. mushrooms), to pick (e.g. fruit)
狩人 【かりゅうど】hunter
首筋 【くびすじ】nape of the neck, back of the neck, scruff of the neck
宗派 【しゅうは】sect, denomination
修学旅行 【しゅうがくりょこう】excursion, field trip
修復 【しゅうふく】repair, mending
十字架 【じゅうじか】cross, the Cross (of Christ)
従える 【したがえる】① to be accompanied by ② to subdue
だし① dashi (Japanese soup stock made from fish and kelp) ② pretext, excuse, pretense (pretence), dupe, front man
傷つける 【きずつける】① to wound, to injure ② to hurt someone's feelings (pride, etc.) ③ to damage, to chip, to scratch
なおfurthermore, still, yet, more, still more, in addition, greater, further
消滅 【しょうめつ】① lapse, annihilation (physics) ② extinguishment, termination (e.g. of legal representation) ③ vanishing
浄化 【じょうか】purification, cleanup
信奉 【しんぽう】belief, faith, adherence, espousal
慎み 【つつしみ】modesty, self-control, discretion
神妙 【しんみょう】meek, faithful, quiet
推奨 【すいしょう】recommendation, endorsement
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
誠意 【せいい】sincerity, good faith
静寂 【せいじゃく】silence, stillness, quietness
切り裂く 【きりさく】to cut off, to cut up, to tear to pieces
選択肢 【せんたくし】choices, alternatives, options
即座 【そくざ】immediate, right there on the spot, impromptu
即答 【そくとう】immediate reply
脚 【あし】① foot ② leg ③ gait ④ pace ⑤ bottom structural component (i.e. radical) of a kanji ⑥ means of transportation
惰性 【だせい】inertia, habit, momentum
代償 【だいしょう】compensation, indemnification, reparation, consideration
大雑把 【おおざっぱ】rough (as in not precise), broad, sketchy
大嫌い 【だいきらい】very dislikeable, hate, loathe, abhor
致命傷 【ちめいしょう】fatal wound
中途半端 【ちゅうとはんぱ】halfway, half measures, unfinished, incomplete, by halves, half-baked, half-cocked
仲裁 【ちゅうさい】arbitration, intercession, mediation
張り出す 【はりだす】① to project, to overhang, to stick out, to jut out, to overlie ② to put up (a notice), to post
挑発 【ちょうはつ】provocation, stirring up, arousal
敵意 【てきい】hostility, animosity
敵対 【てきたい】hostility, antagonism, opposition
奴隷 【どれい】① slave, servant ② slavery
倒錯 【とうさく】perversion, inversion
唐突 【とうとつ】abrupt, sudden
等価 【とうか】equivalence
踏み外す 【ふみはずす】to miss one's footing
同級生 【どうきゅうせい】classmate, classmates
童貞 【どうてい】(Catholic) nun
毒舌 【どくぜつ】wicked tongue, abusive language
忍耐 【にんたい】endurance, perseverance, patience
派生 【はせい】derivation
拍車 【はくしゃ】(riding) spur
較べる 【くらべる】① to compare, to make a comparison ② to compete, to vie
標的 【ひょうてき】target
不器用 【ぶきよう】awkward, clumsy, unskillfulness, lack of ability
腐食 【ふしょく】① corrosion ② saprophagy
部隊 【ぶたい】force, unit, corps, echelon, element
風潮 【ふうちょう】① tide, current ② tendency
伏せる 【ふせる】to lay something upside down, to turn something over, to cover, to lay (pipes), to lay (an ambush), to hide
服従 【ふくじゅう】obedience, submission, resignation
凡俗 【ぼんぞく】mediocrity, the masses, ordinary run of men
またagain, and, also, still (doing something)
未遂 【みすい】attempt (at crime)
無理矢理 【むりやり】forcibly, against one's will
めったthoughtless, reckless, seldom (neg. verb), careless
門扉 【もんぴ】door(s) of a gate
野郎 【やろう】rascal
容姿 【ようし】appearance, one's face and figure
容赦 【ようしゃ】① pardon, forgiveness, mercy ② leniency, going easy (on someone)
揺るぐ 【ゆるぐ】to shake, to waver, to tremble
礼節 【れいせつ】decorum, propriety, politeness
暦 【れき】calendar, almanac
裂け目 【さけめ】tear, rip, rent, slit, crack, chasm, rift
連載 【れんさい】serialization, serialisation, serial story
ややa little, partially, somewhat, a short time, a while
戯言 【たわごと】nonsense, bullshit, silly things, joke
妄想 【もうそう】wild idea, delusion
意気揚々 【いきようよう】triumphant, exultant, in high and proud spirits
嫌味 【いやみ】disagreeableness, disagreeability, gaudiness, sarcasm
大袈裟 【おおげさ】grandiose, exaggerated
駆け出す 【かけだす】to run off, to break into a run, to start running
稼動 【かどう】operation (of machine), actual work
かわいそうpoor, pitiable, pathetic, pitiful
奇跡 【きせき】miracle, wonder, marvel
凶悪 【きょうあく】atrocious, fiendish, brutal, villainous
凶器 【きょうき】dangerous weapon
倉 【くら】warehouse, cellar, magazine, granary, godown, depository, treasury, elevator
搾る 【しぼる】to press, to wring, to squeeze, to narrow (down), to whittle (down), to tighten
淡々 【たんたん】disinterested, unconcerned, indifferent, plain, light
淡白 【たんぱく】① light (color, colour, taste), simple, plain ② frank, candid, ingenuous, indifferent
とりあえずat once, first of all, for the time being, for now
とりあえずat once, first of all, for the time being, for now
ばらまくto disseminate, to scatter, to give money freely
引っ繰り返す 【ひっくりかえす】to turn over, to overturn, to knock over, to upset, to turn inside out
噴き出す 【ふきだす】① to spout out, to spurt out, to gush out, to jet out ② to sprout, to bud ③ to burst into laughter ④ to blow (smoke, etc.) ⑤ to send out shoots (of a tree)
節々 【ふしぶし】① joints ② points (of a speech)
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
露見 【ろけん】discovery, detection, exposure
我 【わが】my, our, one's own
何故か 【なぜか】somehow, for some reason, without knowing why
酷 【こく】① severe, harsh, stringent, rigorous, strict, unfair ② body (esp. of food, wine, etc.), weight, substance
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
鎌 【かま】① sickle ② sickle-and-chain (weapon) ③ type of spear with curved cross-blades ④ gooseneck tenon and mortise joint ⑤ part of a fish around the gills
魔 【ま】① demon, devil, evil spirit, evil influence ② someone who (habitually) performs some (negative) act
ありったけall that one has, all that there is, the whole
背筋 【せすじ】① the muscles along the spine, dorsal muscles ② spinal column ③ seam in the back, back seam
拠り所 【よりどころ】grounds, foundation, authority, support, something upon which to rely
豪邸 【ごうてい】palatial residence, stately mansion
手持ち無沙汰 【てもちぶさた】being bored, being at a loose end
症例 【しょうれい】(medical) case
微動 【びどう】slight tremor or movement, a quiver
奨学 【しょうがく】encouragement to study
草刈り 【くさかり】mowing, mower
毅然 【きぜん】fortitude, firmness, resolution
好奇 【こうき】inquisitiveness
ずくめentire, complete, unqualified, without exception
ちょっとしたtrifling, petty
萌える 【もえる】to burst into bud, to sprout
滑る 【ぬめる】① to be slippery, to be slimy ② to behave charmingly, to walk merrily
徳 【とく】① virtue ② benevolence ③ profit, benefit, advantage
忍 【にん】endurance, forbearance, patience, self-restraint;
かけるto suspend between two points, to build (a bridge, etc.), to put up on something (e.g. legs up on table)
たまるto bear (often adds emphasis), to endure
さておくto set aside
そこらeverywhere, somewhere, approximately, that area, around there
そしてand, and then, thus, and now
それだけthat much, as much, to that extent, only that, that alone, no more than that
それなりin itself, as it is
とてつもないextravagant, absurd, unbelievable, preposterous, unreasonable
ひび① crack, (skin) fissure, flaw or roughness (esp. in skin) ② chaps
さながらjust like
暗闇 【くらやみ】darkness, the dark
いかcuttlefish, squid
うかつcareless, stupid, thoughtless, heedless, unobservant, inadvertant, incautious
我儘 【わがまま】① selfishness, egoism, self-indulgence, wilfulness, willfulness ② disobedience ③ whim
蟹 【かに】crab
鎧 【よろい】armor, armour
葛藤 【かっとう】conflict, complication, troubles, discord
かも① duck ② easy mark, sucker, sitting duck
急遽 【きゅうきょ】hurriedly, in a hurry
つなぎstopgap measure, filler (i.e. time, space), patch
姑息 【こそく】makeshift
痕跡 【こんせき】trace, traces, vestige, vestiges
しばらく① little while, short while, moment, instant ② a while, quite a time ③ it's been a long time
呪い 【のろい】curse, spell, malediction
辛辣 【しんらつ】bitter, sharp, acrimonious
青天の霹靂 【せいてんのへきれき】a bolt out of the blue
相槌 【あいづち】sounds given during a conversation to indicate comprehension, back-channeling
そのままwithout change, as it is (i.e. now)
ちょうどjust, right, exactly
頭蓋骨 【ずがいこつ】skull, cranium
ねぎWelsh onion (species of scallion, Allium fistulosum), green onion, spring onion
脳味噌 【のうみそ】brains, brain tissue
はず① expectation that something took place, will take place or was in some state, it should be so, bound to be, expected to be, must be ② nock (of a bow) ③ nock (of an arrow) ④ nock-shaped grip (between thumb and forefinger) (Sumo)
うるさい① noisy, loud ② fussy ③ annoying, troublesome, tiresome, importunate ④ bossy
片鱗 【へんりん】portion, part, snapshot, glimpse
ほとんどmostly, almost
悶着 【もんちゃく】trouble, quarrel, dispute
やたらat random, thoughtlessly, recklessly, excessively
歪 【いびつ】oval, elliptical, distorted, crooked, irregular, warped
驕る 【おごる】① to give (someone) a treat ② to be extravagant, to live luxuriously ③ to be proud, to be haughty
うずくto throb, to ache
つるto cramp, to be cramped, to contract
禊 【みそぎ】purification ceremony
竦む 【すくむ】to cower, to be cramped
すくめるto shrug (shoulders), to duck (head), to draw back (body)
うずくまるto crouch, to squat, to cower
躊躇 【ちゅうちょ】hesitation, indecision, vacillation
はさみscissors, tongs
すっぽんChinese soft-shelled turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis), soft-shelled turtle (Trionychidae)
こいつthis fellow, this guy, this person
まま① as it is, as one likes, because, as ② condition, state
さてwell, now, then
さてwell, now, then
あるa certain ..., some ...
あるいはor, possibly
危惧 【きぐ】fear, misgivings
しっかりfirmly, tightly, reliable, level-headed, steady
たばこtobacco, cigarettes
たばこtobacco, cigarettes
綴 【つづり】① spelling ② orthography ③ patching, binding
大蒜 【にんにく】garlic (edible plant, Allium sativum)
のど① throat ② singing voice
跨る 【またがる】① to extend over or into ② to straddle
穿く 【はく】① to put on (or wear) lower-body clothing (i.e. pants, skirt, etc.), to put on (or wear) footwear ② to affix a sword to one's hip ③ to affix a bowstring to a bow
横槍 【よこやり】interruption, interference, butting in
鞭 【むち】① whip, lash, scourge ② stick, cane, rod, pointer
臆病者 【おくびょうもの】coward
生贄 【いけにえ】sacrifice, scapegoat
穿つ 【うがつ】to drill, to bore, to pierce, to put on, to wear, to be true to (nature), to hit (the mark)
さぞかしcertainly, surely
たおやかwillowy, graceful
わしI, me (used by elderly males)