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10,000 Frequently Used Japanese Words (pt. 2)

A list of most frequently used Japanese words by a company that scanned over 250 million Japanese words on the Internet. (second half)

First 500 entries [show all] — Created by Bryse M. — Last modified: 2013-09-08 16:12:08
鶏肉 【けいにく】chicken meat
いいえ① no, nay ② well, er, why
落とす 【おとす】① to drop, to lose, to let fall ② to clean off (dirt, makeup, paint, etc.), to remove (e.g. stains) ③ to download
背 【せ】① back, spine ② reverse, rear side ③ height ④ ridge (of a mountain)
味噌汁 【みそしる】miso soup
間違う 【まちがう】to make a mistake, to be incorrect, to be mistaken
間もなく 【まもなく】① soon, before long, in a short time ② (after verb) lacking time to ..., without time to ...
夕食 【ゆうしょく】evening meal, dinner
野球 【やきゅう】baseball
週末 【しゅうまつ】weekend
寝室 【しんしつ】bedroom
支払い 【しはらい】payment
忠告 【ちゅうこく】advice, warning
貧乏 【びんぼう】poverty, destitute, poor
訪れる 【おとずれる】to visit
抑える 【おさえる】① to pin something down, to hold something down, to hold something back, to stop, to restrain, to curb ② to seize, to grasp, to arrest ③ to gain control of something, to govern, to keep down (e.g. information), to suppress ④ to catch happening, to determine (important points), to find (proof), to understand
俺 【おれ】(masc) I, me (rough or arrogant-sounding first-person pronoun, formerly also used by women)
振る舞う 【ふるまう】① to behave, to conduct oneself ② to entertain, to treat someone (to a drink), to make tea for someone (tea ceremony)
そのままwithout change, as it is (i.e. now)
すぐ① immediately, at once, directly ② soon, before long, shortly ③ easily, without difficulty ④ right (near), nearby, just (handy)
小学 【しょうがく】elementary school, primary school, grade school
人々 【ひとびと】each person, people, men, human, everybody
近づける 【ちかづける】to bring near, to put close, to let come near, to associate with
とどまる① to stop, to halt ② to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place) ③ to come to a halt ④ to be limited to
田んぼ 【たんぼ】paddy field, farm
売り上げ 【うりあげ】amount sold, proceeds
課する 【かする】to levy, to charge, to assess, to impose, to assign
呼びかける 【よびかける】to call out to, to accost, to address (crowd), to appeal
当初 【とうしょ】at first
翌日 【よくじつ】next day
翌朝 【よくあさ】the next morning
捕らえる 【とらえる】① to seize, to capture, to arrest ② to grasp, to perceive, to treat (as)
日差し 【ひざし】sunlight, rays of the sun
ひっくり返す 【ひっくりかえす】to turn over, to overturn, to knock over, to upset, to turn inside out
果たす 【はたす】to accomplish, to fulfill, to carry out, to achieve
仰ぐ 【あおぐ】① to look up (at) ② to look up (to), to respect, to revere ③ to ask for, to seek ④ to turn to someone, to depend on ⑤ to drink, to take
勤勉 【きんべん】industry, diligence
愚か 【おろか】foolish, stupid
後悔 【こうかい】regret, repentance
取り戻す 【とりもどす】to take back, to regain, to get back, to recover
遅れ 【おくれ】delay, lag, postponement, falling behind
犯す 【おかす】① to commit (e.g. crime), to perpetrate ② to transgress, to contravene ③ to violate, to ravish, to rape, to deflower
ずらす① to shift, to slide (e.g. something away from something else), to move (e.g. something out of the way) ② to put off, to delay, to postpone, to stagger (e.g. working hours)
癌 【がん】cancer
軽蔑 【けいべつ】scorn, disdain
なおfurthermore, still, yet, more, still more, in addition, greater, further
すなわちthat is, namely, i.e.
頂戴 【ちょうだい】① receiving, reception, getting, being given ② eating, drinking, having ③ (also used after -te forms) please, please do for me
いずれ① where, which, who ② anyway, anyhow, at any rate, sooner or later, eventually, at some future date or time
もたらすto bring, to take, to bring about
かつて① once, before, formerly, ever, former, ex- ② never (with negative verb)
さてwell, now, then
思いがけない 【おもいがけない】unexpected, contrary to expectations, by chance, casual
共産党 【きょうさんとう】Communist Party
暗示 【あんじ】hint, suggestion
案の定 【あんのじょう】just as one thought, as usual
意気込む 【いきごむ】to be enthusiastic about
異性 【いせい】the opposite sex
一見 【いっけん】① look, glimpse, glance ② to glance, to glimpse ③ apparently, seemingly
一息 【ひといき】① one breath, pause, rest ② one go (i.e. in a short time) ③ small amount of effort
一目 【いちもく】① (a) glance, (a) look, (a) glimpse ② (a) stone (in Go) ③ complete view, bird's-eye view
引き起こす 【ひきおこす】to cause, to induce
引きずる 【ひきずる】① to drag along, to pull ② to force someone along ③ to prolong, to drag out ④ to influence strongly, to seduce
営む 【いとなむ】to carry on (e.g. in ceremony), to run a business
液 【えき】liquid, fluid
閲覧 【えつらん】① inspection, reading ② browsing (the WWW, internet), web browsing
延べ 【のべ】① futures ② credit (buying) ③ stretching ④ total, gross
沿う 【そう】① to run along, to run beside ② to follow (a plan, etc.), to act in accordance with
演じる 【えんじる】to perform (a play), to play (a part), to act (a part), to commit (a blunder)
遠ざかる 【とおざかる】to go far off
押し寄せる 【おしよせる】to advance on, to close in, to march on, to descend on (the enemy), to move towards, to surge forward (crowd, wave of nostalgia, wave, etc.), to rush for (the door), to inundate, to overwhelm, to push aside
押し込む 【おしこむ】① to push into, to crowd into ② to break in, to burglarize
乙 【おつ】① second (party to an agreement), the B party (e.g. in a contract), the latter ② strange, quaint, stylish, chic, spicy, queer, witty, tasty, romantic
下地 【したじ】groundwork, foundation, inclination, aptitude, elementary knowledge of, grounding in, prearrangement, spadework, signs, symptoms, first coat of plastering, soy
何だか 【なんだか】(a) little, somewhat, somehow
果てる 【はてる】① to end, to be finished, to be exhausted, to die, to perish ② indicates an extreme has been reached
花びら 【はなびら】(flower) petal
貨幣 【かへい】money, currency, coinage
快い 【こころよい】pleasant, agreeable
怪獣 【かいじゅう】monster
改悪 【かいあく】deterioration, changing for the worse
改訂 【かいてい】revision
概略 【がいりゃく】outline, summary, gist, in brief
該当 【がいとう】corresponding, answering to, coming under, applying to
格 【かく】status, character, case
獲物 【えもの】game, spoils, trophy
学説 【がくせつ】theory
掛け 【かけ】① credit ② partially, half
滑らか 【なめらか】smoothness, glassiness
勘弁 【かんべん】pardon, forgiveness, forbearance
感度 【かんど】sensitivity, reception (e.g. radio and television), severity (quake)
甘える 【あまえる】① to behave like a spoiled child, to behave like a spoilt child, to fawn on ② to depend and presume upon another's benevolence
簡潔 【かんけつ】brevity, conciseness, simplicity
緩む 【ゆるむ】to become loose, to slacken
観覧 【かんらん】viewing
丸ごと 【まるごと】in its entirety, whole, wholly
器官 【きかん】organ (of body), instrument
寄与 【きよ】contribution, service
久しい 【ひさしい】long, long-continued, old (story)
及び 【および】and, as well as
窮屈 【きゅうくつ】narrow, tight, stiff, rigid, uneasy, formal, constrained
拒絶 【きょぜつ】refusal, rejection
共鳴 【きょうめい】resonance, sympathetic (sound), (being in) sympathy
叫び 【さけび】shout, scream, outcry
境遇 【きょうぐう】environment, circumstances
強いる 【しいる】to force, to compel, to coerce
強まる 【つよまる】to get strong, to gain strength
恐れ 【おそれ】fear, horror, anxiety, concern, uneasiness
脅す 【おどす】to threaten, to menace
凝らす 【こらす】to concentrate, to devote, to apply, to strain, to rack
凝る 【こる】① to grow stiff ② to be absorbed in, to be devoted to, to be a fanatic, to elaborate
禁じる 【きんじる】to prohibit
吟味 【ぎんみ】testing, scrutiny, careful investigation
愚痴 【ぐち】① idle complaint, grumble ② moha (ignorance, folly)
空腹 【くうふく】hunger
君主 【くんしゅ】ruler, monarch
刑罰 【けいばつ】judgement, judgment, penalty, punishment
恵み 【めぐみ】blessing, grace
携わる 【たずさわる】to engage in, to participate, to take part
継ぐ 【つぐ】to succeed (someone in a business or inheritance)
軽快 【けいかい】① casual (e.g. dress), light, nimble, jaunty, rhythmical (e.g. melody) ② taking a turn for the better, receding of symptoms
結び付ける 【むすびつける】to combine, to join, to tie on, to attach with a knot, to bind (e.g. an address)
結合 【けつごう】combination, union, binding, catenation, coupling, joining
健在 【けんざい】in good health, well, going strong
懸賞 【けんしょう】offering prizes, winning, reward
見合い 【みあい】formal marriage interview
見習う 【みならう】to follow another's example
見渡す 【みわたす】to look out over, to survey (scene), to take an extensive view of
見落とす 【みおとす】to overlook, to fail to notice, to miss (seeing)
元来 【がんらい】originally, primarily, essentially, logically, naturally
原文 【げんぶん】the text, original
現像 【げんぞう】developing (film)
誇る 【ほこる】to boast of, to be proud of
誇張 【こちょう】exaggeration
顧みる 【かえりみる】① to look back (e.g. over shoulder or at the past), to turn around, to review ② to reflect, to reconsider ③ to consider (usu. used in negative), to concern oneself about
後回し 【あとまわし】putting off, postponing
悟る 【さとる】① to understand, to comprehend, to realize, to perceive, to sense, to discern ② to attain enlightenment
語句 【ごく】words, phrases
語源 【ごげん】word root, word derivation, etymology
誤る 【あやまる】① to make a mistake, to err ② to mislead, to misguide
誤差 【ごさ】measurement error, calculation error
交える 【まじえる】① to mix, to combine ② to exchange (words, fire, etc.) ③ to cross (e.g. swords), to join together
広まる 【ひろまる】to spread, to be propagated
荒らす 【あらす】① to lay waste, to devastate, to damage ② to invade, to break into
荒廃 【こうはい】ruin, destruction, devastation, waste, decay
購読 【こうどく】paid subscription (e.g. magazine)
購買 【こうばい】purchase, buy
告げる 【つげる】to inform
告白 【こくはく】① confession, acknowledgement, acknowledgment ② profession of love ③ confession of sins (e.g. the confessional)
根気 【こんき】patience, perseverance, persistence, tenacity, energy
混同 【こんどう】confusion, mixing, merger
佐 【さ】help
差し支える 【さしつかえる】to interfere, to hinder, to become impeded
差し出す 【さしだす】to present, to submit, to tender, to hold out
差異 【さい】difference, disparity
催す 【もよおす】① to hold (a meeting), to give (a dinner), to show signs of ② to feel (sensation, emotion, etc.)
採掘 【さいくつ】mining
採集 【さいしゅう】collecting, gathering
済ます 【すます】① to finish, to get it over with, to conclude ② to settle, to pay back ③ to get along (without something), to make do with (without)
雑 【ざつ】① rough, crude, sloppy, messy ② miscellaneous
雑談 【ざつだん】chatting, idle talk
山脈 【さんみゃく】mountain range
賛美 【さんび】praise, adoration, glorification
仕える 【つかえる】to serve, to work for
仕掛ける 【しかける】to commence, to lay (mines), to set (traps), to wage (war), to challenge
仕上げる 【しあげる】to finish up, to complete
仕切る 【しきる】① to partition, to divide, to mark off, to itemize ② to direct, to take control, to manage, to take responsibility ③ to settle accounts ④ to toe the mark
仕入れる 【しいれる】to lay in stock, to replenish stock, to procure
仕立てる 【したてる】to tailor, to make, to prepare, to train, to send (a messenger)
使い道 【つかいみち】a use, purpose to which something is put
志す 【こころざす】to plan, to intend, to aspire to, to set aims (sights on)
施す 【ほどこす】to donate, to give, to conduct, to apply, to perform
試みる 【こころみる】to try, to test
侍 【さむらい】warrior (esp. of military retainers of daimyos in the Edo period), samurai
自我 【じが】self, the ego
失格 【しっかく】disqualification, elimination, incapacity (legal)
社交 【しゃこう】social life, social intercourse
弱る 【よわる】to weaken, to be troubled, to be downcast, to be emaciated, to be dejected, to be perplexed, to impair
主観 【しゅかん】① subjectivity, subject, ego ② one's personal opinion, one's own idea
取り扱う 【とりあつかう】to treat, to handle, to deal in
取り寄せる 【とりよせる】to order, to send away for
取り組む 【とりくむ】to tackle, to wrestle with, to engage in a bout, to come to grips with, to make effort, to strive for, to deal with
取り締まる 【とりしまる】to manage, to control, to supervise, to crack down on
手掛ける 【てがける】to handle, to manage, to work with, to rear, to look after, to have experience with
手配 【てはい】arrangement, search (by police)
受かる 【うかる】to pass (examination)
受け継ぐ 【うけつぐ】to inherit, to succeed, to take over
受け付ける 【うけつける】to be accepted, to receive (an application)
収まる 【おさまる】① to be in one's place, to be installed, to settle into ② to be delivered, to be obtained, to be paid ③ to be settled, to be sorted out ④ to lessen (e.g. of storms, pain), to calm down ⑤ to be fit tightly into (e.g. a frame), to be sheathed (in a scabbard)
修士 【しゅうし】Masters degree program (programme)
衆 【しゅう】masses, great number, the people
重んじる 【おもんじる】to respect, to honor, to honour, to esteem, to prize
出くわす 【でくわす】to happen to meet, to come across
出社 【しゅっしゃ】going to work (e.g. in the morning), coming to work
出題 【しゅつだい】proposing a question
初版 【しょはん】first edition
召す 【めす】① to call, to invite, to send for, to summon ② to eat, to drink ③ to put on, to wear ④ to ride ⑤ to catch (a cold), to take (a bath), to tickle (one's fancy), to put on (years), to commit (seppuku) ⑥ to do
唱える 【となえる】① to recite, to chant ② to call upon
小銭 【こぜに】coins, small change
消去 【しょうきょ】elimination, erasure, dying out, clearing, purge, melting away
焦る 【あせる】to be in a hurry, to be impatient
称する 【しょうする】① to take the name of, to call oneself ② to pretend, to feign, to purport
上回る 【うわまわる】to exceed
乗っ取る 【のっとる】to capture, to hijack, to commandeer, to occupy, to usurp
乗り込む 【のりこむ】① to board, to embark on, to get into (a car), to ship (passengers), to man (a ship), to help (someone) into ② to march into, to enter
嬢 【じょう】① unmarried woman ② (after a name) Miss ③ (after a line of work) -ess, -ette
織る 【おる】to weave
侵す 【おかす】to invade, to raid, to trespass, to violate, to intrude on
寝かせる 【ねかせる】to put to bed, to lay down, to ferment
心強い 【こころづよい】heartening, reassuring
申し出る 【もうしでる】to report to, to tell, to suggest, to submit, to request, to make an offer, to come forward with information
神聖 【しんせい】holiness, sacredness, dignity
神殿 【しんでん】temple, sacred place
神秘 【しんぴ】mystery
親父 【おやじ】one's father, old man, one's boss
身近 【みぢか】near oneself, close to one, familiar
刃 【は】edge (of a knife or sword)
尽きる 【つきる】to be used up, to be run out, to be exhausted, to be consumed, to come to an end
尽くす 【つくす】① to exhaust, to run out ② to devote, to serve (a person), to befriend ③ to do to exhaustion
垂れる 【たれる】① to hang, to droop, to dangle, to sag, to lower, to pull down ② to leave behind (at death), to give, to confer ③ to drip, to ooze, to trickle, to drop
推測 【すいそく】guess, conjecture
推理 【すいり】reasoning, inference, mystery or detective genre (movie, novel, etc.)
粋 【いき】① chic, stylish, refined, sophisticated, smart ② understanding, sympathetic ③ the best
衰える 【おとろえる】to become weak, to decline, to wear, to abate, to decay, to wither, to waste away
遂げる 【とげる】to accomplish, to achieve, to carry out
崇拝 【すうはい】worship, adoration, admiration, cult
雛 【ひな】① young bird, chick ② doll ③ green, wet behind the ears, juvenile
据える 【すえる】① to place (in position), to fix, to set (e.g. table), to lay (foundation) ② to install, to seat (someone) ③ to settle (upon something), to fix (e.g. one's gaze) ④ to apply (moxa)
征服 【せいふく】conquest, subjugation, overcoming
星座 【せいざ】constellation
晴天 【せいてん】fine weather
生育 【せいいく】growth, development, breeding
生計 【せいけい】livelihood, living
生死 【せいし】① life and death ② samsara (cycle of death and rebirth) ③ death
生理 【せいり】① physiology ② menstruation, one's period, menses
盛り上がる 【もりあがる】① to swell, to rise, to bulge, to be piled up ② to rouse, to get excited
盛大 【せいだい】grand, prosperous, magnificent
惜しむ 【おしむ】① to be frugal, to be sparing ② to value, to hold dear ③ to regret (e.g. a loss), to feel sorry (for) ④ to be unwilling, to be reluctant
設ける 【もうける】to create, to establish
絶える 【たえる】① to die out, to peter out, to become extinct ② to cease, to be stopped, to be discontinued, to be cut off
絶版 【ぜっぱん】out of print
宣教 【せんきょう】religious mission, religious proclamation
染まる 【そまる】to be dyed
染める 【そめる】to dye, to colour, to color
潜水 【せんすい】diving
潜入 【せんにゅう】infiltration, sneaking in
前置き 【まえおき】preface, introduction
全滅 【ぜんめつ】annihilation
禅 【ぜん】① dhyana (profound meditation) ② Zen (Buddhism)
素早い 【すばやい】① fast, quick, prompt, nimble, agile ② quick (to understand), sharp (judgement)
操る 【あやつる】to manipulate, to operate, to pull strings
相応 【そうおう】suitability, fitness
葬る 【ほうむる】to bury, to inter, to entomb, to consign to oblivion, to shelve
憎しみ 【にくしみ】hatred
促す 【うながす】to urge, to press, to prompt, to suggest, to demand, to stimulate, to quicken, to incite, to invite (attention to)
束縛 【そくばく】restraint, shackles, restriction, confinement, binding
多忙 【たぼう】busy, pressure of work
打ち切る 【うちきる】to stop, to abort, to discontinue, to close
体裁 【ていさい】decency, style, form, appearance, show, get-up, format
対比 【たいひ】contrast, comparison
帯びる 【おびる】① to wear (sword, decoration, etc.), to carry ② to be entrusted (e.g. with a mission), to take on ③ to have a trace of, to be tinged with
待ち合わせ 【まちあわせ】appointment
怠慢 【たいまん】negligence, procrastination, carelessness
滞る 【とどこおる】to stagnate, to be delayed
退治 【たいじ】extermination
代弁 【だいべん】pay by proxy, act for another, speak for another
代用 【だいよう】substitution
台無し 【だいなし】mess, spoiled, spoilt, (come to) nothing
旦那 【だんな】husband (informal), master (of house, shop, etc.), word used to address a male patron or customer (sir, boss, master, governor), patron of a mistress, geisha, bar or nightclub hostess
鍛える 【きたえる】to forge, to drill, to temper, to train, to discipline
弾む 【はずむ】to spring, to bound, to bounce, to be stimulated, to be encouraged, to get lively, to treat oneself to, to splurge on
断然 【だんぜん】firmly, absolutely, definitely
断面 【だんめん】cross-section
知性 【ちせい】intelligence
恥じる 【はじる】to feel ashamed
着手 【ちゃくしゅ】① to start work (on), to undertake ② embarkation, launch
着席 【ちゃくせき】sit down, seat
中傷 【ちゅうしょう】slander, libel, defamation
昼飯 【ひるめし】lunch, midday meal
著しい 【いちじるしい】remarkable, considerable
懲りる 【こりる】to learn by experience, to be disgusted with
挑む 【いどむ】① to challenge, to throw down the gauntlet, to contend for, to tackle ② to pressure someone for sex, to woo, to make love to
聴覚 【ちょうかく】the sense of hearing
蝶 【ちょう】butterfly
鳥居 【とりい】torii (Shinto shrine archway)
直感 【ちょっかん】intuition, instinct, insight, hunch
沈没 【ちんぼつ】sinking, foundering, going down, submersion
陳列 【ちんれつ】exhibition, display, show
追い出す 【おいだす】to expel, to drive out
定まる 【さだまる】to become settled, to be fixed
定食 【ていしょく】set meal, special (of the day)
適宜 【てきぎ】① suitable, appropriate ② appropriately
適性 【てきせい】aptitude
投げ出す 【なげだす】to throw down, to abandon, to sacrifice, to throw out
当人 【とうにん】the one concerned, the said person
等級 【とうきゅう】① grade, class ② (astronomical) magnitude
到底 【とうてい】(cannot) possibly, no matter how
踏み込む 【ふみこむ】① to step into (e.g. someone else's territory), to break into, to raid ② to come to grips with, to get to the core of
逃げ出す 【にげだす】to run away, to escape from
逃す 【のがす】to let loose, to set free, to let escape
逃れる 【のがれる】to escape
動的 【どうてき】dynamic, kinetic
動力 【どうりょく】power, motive power, dynamic force
同感 【どうかん】agreement, same opinion, same feeling, sympathy, concurrence
同等 【どうとう】equality, equal, same rights, same rank, equivalence
胴 【どう】① trunk, torso, body, abdomen, waist ② plastron (in kendo), touching the plastron (kimari-te in kendo) ③ frame (of a drum, etc.), sound box (of a shamisen, etc.), hull (of a ship)
特派 【とくは】send specially, special envoy
独創 【どくそう】originality
読み上げる 【よみあげる】to read out loud (and clearly), to call a roll
突如 【とつじょ】suddenly, all of a sudden
年月日 【ねんがっぴ】date
年長 【ねんちょう】seniority
粘る 【ねばる】to be sticky, to be adhesive, to persevere, to persist, to stick to
破棄 【はき】tearing up and discarding (e.g. documents), disposal (e.g. weaponry), revocation, annulment, breaking (e.g. treaty), reversing (e.g. an original judgment) (judgement), discard
破損 【はそん】damage
配列 【はいれつ】① arrangement, disposition ② array (programming, programing)
売り出す 【うりだす】to put on sale, to market, to become popular
抜け出す 【ぬけだす】① to slip out, to sneak away, to excel ② to break (out of a loop)
伴う 【ともなう】to accompany, to bring with, to be accompanied by, to be involved in, to be consequent upon
反する 【はんする】to be inconsistent with, to oppose, to contradict, to transgress, to rebel
反感 【はんかん】antipathy, revolt, animosity
反射 【はんしゃ】① reflection, reverberation ② reflex (medical)
繁盛 【はんじょう】prosperity, flourishing, thriving
費やす 【ついやす】to spend, to devote, to waste
眉 【まゆ】eyebrow, eyebrows
必修 【ひっしゅう】required (subject)
必然 【ひつぜん】inevitable, necessary
漂う 【ただよう】to drift about, to float, to hang in air
病む 【やむ】to fall ill, to be ill
貧弱 【ひんじゃく】poor, meagre, meager, insubstantial
不意 【ふい】sudden, abrupt, unexpected, unforeseen
付け加える 【つけくわえる】to add one thing to another
富む 【とむ】to be rich, to become rich
富豪 【ふごう】wealthy person, millionaire
布告 【ふこく】edict, ordinance, proclamation
浮気 【うわき】① extramarital sex, affair, fooling around ② infidelity, wantonness, unfaithfulness, inconstancy, fickleness, caprice
侮辱 【ぶじょく】insult, contempt, slight
封建 【ほうけん】feudalistic
風習 【ふうしゅう】custom
覆い 【おおい】mantle, cover, shroud, hood
沸騰 【ふっとう】boiling, seething
仏像 【ぶつぞう】Buddhist image (statue)
物足りない 【ものたりない】unsatisfied, unsatisfactory
分業 【ぶんぎょう】division of labor, division of labour, specialization, specialisation, assembly-line production
噴出 【ふんしゅつ】spewing, gushing, spouting, eruption, effusion
奮闘 【ふんとう】hard struggle, strenuous effort
紛失 【ふんしつ】losing something
並列 【へいれつ】arrangement, parallel, abreast
片付け 【かたづけ】tidying up, finishing
返答 【へんとう】reply
舗装 【ほそう】pavement, road surface
歩む 【あゆむ】to walk, to go on foot
補足 【ほそく】supplement, complement
慕う 【したう】to yearn for, to miss, to adore, to love dearly
報じる 【ほうじる】to inform, to report
放射 【ほうしゃ】radiation, emission
放置 【ほうち】leave as is, leave to chance, leave alone, neglect
褒美 【ほうび】reward, prize
望ましい 【のぞましい】desirable, hoped for
没収 【ぼっしゅう】forfeiture, seizure, confiscation, impounding
本能 【ほんのう】instinct
満月 【まんげつ】full moon
未熟 【みじゅく】inexperience, unripeness, raw, unskilled, immature, inexperienced
無意味 【むいみ】nonsense, no meaning, meaningless
無邪気 【むじゃき】innocence, simple-mindedness
無駄遣い 【むだづかい】wasting ... on (e.g. money), squandering, waste, frittering away
無知 【むち】ignorance
無茶 【むちゃ】absurd, unreasonable, excessive, rash, absurdity, nonsense
無能 【むのう】inefficiency, incompetence
無論 【むろん】of course, naturally
名付ける 【なづける】to name (someone)
明かす 【あかす】① to pass (e.g. the night), to spend ② to reveal, to divulge
明瞭 【めいりょう】clarity, clearness
滅亡 【めつぼう】downfall, ruin, collapse, destruction
模範 【もはん】exemplar, exemplification, exemplum, model, example
模倣 【もほう】imitation, copying
目覚める 【めざめる】to wake up
目録 【もくろく】① catalogue, catalog, inventory, index, list ② certificate indicating an impending gift
優越 【ゆうえつ】supremacy, predominance, being superior to
有する 【ゆうする】to own, to be endowed with
有様 【ありさま】state, condition, circumstances, the way things are or should be, truth
誘惑 【ゆうわく】temptation, allurement, lure, seduction
夕暮れ 【ゆうぐれ】evening, (evening) twilight
揺さぶる 【ゆさぶる】to shake, to jolt, to rock, to swing
揺らぐ 【ゆらぐ】to swing, to sway, to shake, to tremble
用法 【ようほう】directions, rules of use
遥か 【はるか】far, far away, distant, remote, far off
養う 【やしなう】to rear, to maintain, to support (e.g. family), to cultivate
絡む 【からむ】① to entangle, to entwine ② to pick a quarrel, to find fault ③ to be involved with, to be influenced by, to develop a connection with
落下 【らっか】fall, drop, come down
落胆 【らくたん】discouragement, despondency, dejection
乱す 【みだす】to throw out of order, to disarrange, to disturb
乱れる 【みだれる】① to be disordered, to be disarranged, to be disarrayed, to be disheveled, to be dishevelled ② to be discomposed, to be upset, to get confused, to be disturbed ③ to lapse into chaos (due to war, etc.)
利潤 【りじゅん】profit, returns
履歴 【りれき】personal history, background, career, log, record
理性 【りせい】reason, sense
率いる 【ひきいる】to lead, to spearhead (a group), to command (troops)
立ち寄る 【たちよる】to stop by, to drop in for a short visit
立ち去る 【たちさる】to leave, to depart, to take one's leave
臨む 【のぞむ】① to look out on ② to face ③ to deal with ④ to attend (e.g. function), to appear (e.g. in court)
励ます 【はげます】to encourage, to cheer, to raise (the voice)
励む 【はげむ】to be zealous, to brace oneself, to endeavour, to endeavor, to strive, to make an effort
練る 【ねる】① to knead, to work over ② to polish up (e.g. a plan) ③ to drill, to train
連なる 【つらなる】to extend, to stretch out, to stand in a row
連ねる 【つらねる】to link, to join, to put together
労力 【ろうりょく】labour, labor, effort, toil, trouble
浪費 【ろうひ】waste, extravagance
賄う 【まかなう】to give board to, to provide meals, to pay, to cover (the cost)
寄贈 【きぞう】donation, presentation, gift
偽物 【にせもの】spurious article, forgery, counterfeit, imitation, sham
脅かす 【おびやかす】① to intimidate, to scare ② to jeopardize, to endanger, to imperil
重複 【じゅうふく】duplication, repetition, overlapping, redundancy, restoration
重宝 【ちょうほう】priceless treasure, convenience, usefulness
打ち込む 【うちこむ】to drive in (e.g. nail, stake), to devote oneself to, to shoot into, to smash, to throw into, to cast into
天地 【てんち】① heaven and earth, the universe, nature, top and bottom, realm, sphere, world ② top and bottom ③ gods of heaven and earth
伝言 【でんごん】verbal message, rumor, rumour, word
乏しい 【とぼしい】meagre, meager, scarce, limited, destitute, hard up, lacking, scanty, poor
埋まる 【うまる】to be buried, to be surrounded, to overflow, to be filled
免れる 【まぬかれる】to escape from, to be rescued from, to avoid, to evade, to avert, to elude, to be exempted, to be relieved from pain, to get rid of
融通 【ゆうずう】① lending (money), finance ② adaptability, versatility, flexibility, accommodation
予言 【よげん】prediction, promise, prognostication
来場 【らいじょう】attendance
打ち明ける 【うちあける】to be frank, to speak one's mind, to open one's heart
産む 【うむ】to give birth, to deliver, to produce
大げさ 【おおげさ】grandiose, exaggerated
傷つく 【きずつく】① to be wounded, to get injured ② to get hurt feelings ③ to chip, to scratch, to damage
元素 【げんそ】chemical element
執着 【しゅうちゃく】attachment, adhesion, tenacity
種々 【しゅじゅ】variety
心 【しん】① heart, mind ② spirit, vitality, inner strength ③ Chinese "Heart" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
擦る 【する】① to rub, to chafe, to strike (match), to file, to frost (glass) ② to lose (e.g. a match), to forfeit, to squander one's money (e.g. through gambling, Pachinko, etc.)
備わる 【そなわる】① to be furnished with, to be endowed with ② to be among, to be one of, to be possessed of
貴い 【とうとい】precious, valuable, priceless, noble, exalted, sacred
止める 【とどめる】① to stop, to stay (e.g. the night), to cease, to put an end to ② to contain, to keep (in position, in place), to limit ③ to record (e.g. a fact), to retain
何気ない 【なにげない】casual, unconcerned, nonchalant
担う 【になう】to carry on shoulder, to bear (burden), to shoulder (gun)
飲み込む 【のみこむ】① to gulp down, to swallow deeply ② to understand, to take in, to catch on to, to learn, to digest
暴露 【ばくろ】disclosure, exposure, revelation
左利き 【ひだりきき】left-handedness, sake drinker, left-hander
日焼け 【ひやけ】① sunburn ② suntan
付録 【ふろく】appendix, supplement, annex
滅びる 【ほろびる】to be ruined, to go under, to perish, to be destroyed
滅ぼす 【ほろぼす】to destroy, to overthrow, to wreck, to ruin
前もって 【まえもって】in advance, beforehand, previously
見積もり 【みつもり】estimation, quotation
見逃す 【みのがす】to miss, to overlook, to leave at large
漏らす 【もらす】to let leak, to reveal
値する 【あたいする】to be worth, to deserve, to merit
模試 【もし】mock examination, trial examination
陣 【じん】battle formation, camp, encampment
あからさまplain, frank, candid, open, direct, straightforward, unabashed, blatant, flagrant
いかにもindeed, really, phrase meaning agreement
こだわる① to fuss over, to be particular about ② to be obsessive, to be fixated
ことごとくaltogether, entirely
さっと① quickly (esp. actions) ② suddenly (esp. wind, rain, etc.)
しばしばoften, again and again, frequently
しみじみ① earnestly, keenly, fully, deeply, heartily, seriously ② calmly
だるいsluggish, feel heavy, languid, dull
ひいてはnot only ... but also, in addition to, consequently
ひたすらnothing but, earnest, intent, determined, set on (something)
よしcommon reed (Phragmites australis)
斡旋 【あっせん】① kind offices, services, through the good offices of, influence ② intercession, mediation
闇 【やみ】darkness, the dark, black-marketeering, dark, shady, illegal
汚す 【けがす】to disgrace, to dishonour, to dishonor, to defile
汚れる 【けがれる】to be violated, to be corrupted, to be polluted, to be stained
崖 【がけ】cliff
顎 【あご】chin, jaw
滑稽 【こっけい】funny, humorous, humourous, comical, laughable, ridiculous, joking
かつyet, moreover, and
あえてdare (to do something), venture (often overcoming reluctance, or in the face of probable failure), take upon oneself, challenge, presume, (there is no) need to, (don't) go as far as, definitely (not)
竿 【さお】① rod, pole ② neck (of a shamisen, etc.), shamisen ③ beam (i.e. the crossbar of a balance) ④ single line (esp. as a flying formation for geese) ⑤ counter for flags (on poles), counter for long, thin Japanese sweets (e.g. youkan)
怯える 【おびえる】to become frightened, to be frightened (of), to be scared (of)
凝らす 【こごらす】① to freeze, to congeal ② to concentrate one's attention on, to devote oneself to something, to ponder, to meditate
凝る 【こごる】to congeal, to freeze
近付く 【ちかづく】① to approach, to draw near, to get close ② to get acquainted with, to get closer to, to get to know
戸惑う 【とまどう】to be bewildered, to be perplexed
語彙 【ごい】vocabulary, lexicon, lexis, terminology
垢 【あか】dirt, filth, grime
今更 【いまさら】now (after such a long time), at this late hour (i.e. it is too late for something)
差し引く 【さしひく】① to deduct, to take away, to dock ② to make allowances for something, to bear something in mind ③ to ebb and flow
刺繍 【ししゅう】embroidery
嫉妬 【しっと】jealousy, envy
もしくはor, otherwise
渋い 【しぶい】① tasteful (clothing), cool, an aura of refined masculinity ② astringent, sullen, bitter (taste), raspy (voice) ③ grim, quiet ④ sober, stingy
ついでopportunity, occasion
杖 【つえ】cane, walking stick, staff
蒸留 【じょうりゅう】distillation
盛る 【さかる】① to prosper, to flourish ② to copulate (animals)
漕ぐ 【こぐ】① to row, to scull, to paddle ② to pedal (e.g. bicycle) ③ to swing (on a swing) ④ to operate a hand pump ⑤ to push through (deep snow, the jungle, etc.)
揃い 【そろい】set, suit, uniform
叩く 【はたく】① to strike, to clap, to dust, to beat ② to play drums ③ to abuse, to flame (e.g. on the Internet), to insult ④ to use up money
辿る 【たどる】to follow (road), to pursue (course), to follow up, to follow (hyperlink)
はじく① to flip, to snap ② to repel
ちょうsuper-, ultra-, hyper-, very, really (conversational)
賭ける 【かける】to wager, to bet, to risk, to stake, to gamble
つつく① to poke (repeatedly, lightly), to nudge ② to peck at (one's food), to pick at ③ to peck at (someone's faults, etc.) ④ to egg on, to put up to
賑わう 【にぎわう】to prosper, to flourish, to do thriving business, to be crowded with people
日頃 【ひごろ】normally, habitually