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WaniKani Vocabulary 21-30

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WaniKani Vocabulary 21-30



967 entriesCreated by Public Domain — Last modified: 2014-02-22 05:40:16
さん① Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms ② honorific used with occupational titles
そう① so, really, seeming ② (after masu stem and adj-stem) appearing that, seeming that, looking like, having the appearance of
はい① yes ② OK (used to get attention prior to an utterance), okay ③ giddy-up, giddap
もう① already, anymore ② soon, shortly ③ more, further, other, again ④ interjection used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation)
くらい① approximately, about, around, or so ② to (about) the extent that, (almost) enough that, so ... that ..., at least ③ as ... as ..., like
一 【いち】① one ② best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective follows)
人 【じん】① -ian (e.g. Italian, etc.) (attaches to name of country to denote nationality), -er (e.g. performer, etc.) (attaches to name of occupation) ② (usu. in compound words) man, person, people
読む 【よむ】to read
二 【に】two
三 【さん】three
日 【にち】① Sunday ② day (of the month) ③ counter for days
いるauxillary verb for continuing action or state
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
質問 【しつもん】question, inquiry, enquiry
貸す 【かす】① to lend, to loan ② to rent out, to hire out
旅行 【りょこう】travel, trip
屋 【や】① (something) shop ② somebody who sells (something) or works as (something) ③ somebody with a (certain) personality trait ④ house ⑤ roof
豚肉 【ぶたにく】pork
番号 【ばんごう】number, series of digits
遊ぶ 【あそぶ】① to play, to enjoy oneself, to have a good time ② to mess about (with alcohol, gambling, philandery, etc.) ③ to be idle, to do nothing, to be unused ④ to go to (for pleasure or for study) ⑤ (in baseball) to intentionally throw a ball to lower the batter's concentration
お菓子 【おかし】confections, sweets, candy
お腹 【おなか】stomach
違う 【ちがう】① to differ (from), to vary ② to not be in the usual condition ③ to not match the correct (answer, etc.) ④ to be different from promised
押す 【おす】① to push, to press ② to apply pressure from above, to press down ③ to stamp (i.e. a passport), to apply a seal
過ぎ 【すぎ】① past, after ② too (much), over (e.g. eating)
階段 【かいだん】stairs, stairway, staircase
吸う 【すう】① to smoke, to breathe in, to inhale ② to suck, to sip, to slurp ③ to absorb, to soak up ④ to kiss
牛乳 【ぎゅうにゅう】(cow's) milk
狭い 【せまい】narrow, confined, small
靴 【くつ】shoes, footwear
靴下 【くつした】socks, sock, stockings, stocking
結構 【けっこう】① splendid, nice, wonderful, delicious, sweet ② sufficient, fine (in the sense of "I'm fine"), (by implication) no thank you ③ well enough, OK, tolerable ④ reasonably, fairly, tolerably
結婚 【けっこん】marriage
呼ぶ 【よぶ】① to call out (to), to call, to invoke ② to summon (a doctor, etc.) ③ to invite ④ to designate, to name, to brand ⑤ to garner (support, etc.), to gather
再来年 【さらいねん】year after next
子供 【こども】child, children
授業 【じゅぎょう】lesson, class work
寝る 【ねる】① to lie down ② to go to bed, to lie in bed ③ to sleep (lying down) ④ to sleep (with someone, i.e. have intercourse) ⑤ to lie idle
切符 【きっぷ】ticket
置く 【おく】① to put, to place ② to leave (behind) ③ to do something in advance (usu. following te-form verb)
痛い 【いたい】① painful, sore ② exceeding
渡す 【わたす】① to ferry across (a river, etc.), to carry across, to traverse ② to lay across, to build across ③ to hand over, to hand in, to pass, to give, to transfer
渡る 【わたる】① to cross over, to go across ② to extend, to cover, to range, to span
並ぶ 【ならぶ】① to line up, to stand in a line ② to rival, to match, to equal
並べる 【ならべる】① to line up, to set up ② to enumerate, to itemize
冷たい 【つめたい】① cold (to the touch), chilly, icy, freezing ② coldhearted, unfeeling
居る 【いる】① to be (of animate objects), to exist ② to stay ③ (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing)
交差点 【こうさてん】crossing, intersection
段々 【だんだん】gradually, by degrees
鉛筆 【えんぴつ】pencil
掛かる 【かかる】① to take ② to hang ③ to come into view, to arrive ④ to come under (a contract, a tax) ⑤ to start (engines, motors) ⑥ to attend, to deal with, to handle ⑦ to have started to, to be on the verge of ⑧ to overlap (e.g. information in a manual), to cover ⑨ to (come) at ⑩ to be fastened ⑪ to be covered (e.g. with dust, a table-cloth, etc.) ⑫ to be caught in ⑬ to get a call ⑭ to depend on
撮る 【とる】to take (a photo), to make (a film)
傘 【かさ】umbrella, parasol
脱ぐ 【ぬぐ】to take off (clothes, shoes, etc.), to undress
締める 【しめる】① to tie, to fasten ② to total, to sum ③ to be strict with ④ to economize (economise), to cut down on
立派 【りっぱ】splendid, fine, handsome, elegant, imposing, prominent, legal, legitimate
暇 【ひま】① spare time, free time, leisure ② time off, day off, vacation, holiday, leave ③ quitting (one's job), firing someone, divorcing (one's spouse) ④ (of one's time) free, (of one's business) slow ⑤ leaving, departing
どうhow, in what way, how about
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
いくつ① how many? ② how old?
くれるto give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
きれい① pretty, lovely, beautiful, fair ② clean, clear, pure, tidy, neat ③ completely, entirely
よう① (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) appearing ..., looking ... ② (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) way to ..., method of ...ing ③ (usu. after a noun) form, style, design ④ (usu. after a noun) like, similar to ⑤ thing (thought or spoken)
うん① yeah, uh huh ② some (at the start of a number in place of a digit)
日本 【にっぽん】Japan
会 【かい】① meeting, assembly, party ② association, club
時代 【じだい】① period, epoch, era, age ② the times, those days ③ oldness, ancientness, antiquity ④ antique, period piece
客 【きゃく】① guest, visitor ② customer, client, shopper, spectator, audience, tourist, sightseer, passenger
形 【かたち】① form, shape, figure ② visage
製 【せい】-made, make
案内 【あんない】① information, guidance, leading ② to guide, to show (around), to conduct
移る 【うつる】① to move (house), to transfer (department) ② to change the target of interest or concern ③ to elapse (passage of time) ④ to be permeated by a colour or scent ⑤ to be infected, to be contagious, to spread (as in fire)
過ぎる 【すぎる】① to pass through, to pass by, to go beyond ② to pass (i.e. of time), to elapse ③ to have expired, to have ended, to be over ④ to exceed, to surpass, to be above ⑤ to be no more than ... ⑥ (often used after adjective stems or the -masu stems of verbs) to be excessive, to be too much, to be too ...
掛ける 【かける】① to hang (e.g. picture), to hoist (e.g. sail), to raise (e.g. flag) ② to sit ③ to be partway (verb), to begin (but not complete) ④ to take (time, money), to expend (money, time, etc.) ⑤ to make (a call) ⑥ to multiply ⑦ to secure (e.g. lock) ⑧ to put on (glasses, etc.) ⑨ to cover ⑩ to burden someone ⑪ to apply (insurance) ⑫ to turn on (an engine, etc.), to set (a dial, an alarm clock, etc.) ⑬ to put an effect (spell, anaesthetic, etc.) on ⑭ to hold an emotion for (pity, hope, etc.) ⑮ to bind ⑯ to pour (or sprinkle, spray, etc.) onto ⑰ to argue (in court), to deliberate (in a meeting), to present (e.g. idea to a conference, etc.) ⑱ to increase further ⑲ to catch (in a trap, etc.) ⑳ to set atop ○ to erect (a makeshift building) ○ to hold (a play, festival, etc.) ○ (after -masu stem of verb) indicates (verb) is being directed to (someone)
割れる 【われる】① to break, to be smashed ② to split, to crack, to fissure, to be torn ③ to be divided, to cleave ④ to come to light
乾く 【かわく】to get dry
慣れる 【なれる】① to grow accustomed to, to get too familiar with ② to become domesticated, to become tame
機会 【きかい】chance, opportunity
規則 【きそく】rules, regulations, conventions
景色 【けしき】scenery, scene, landscape
経済 【けいざい】economics, business, finance, economy
国際 【こくさい】international
差し上げる 【さしあげる】① to give, to offer ② to lift up, to hold up, to raise
再来週 【さらいしゅう】week after next
済む 【すむ】① to finish, to end, to be completed ② to merely result in something less severe than expected ③ to feel at ease ④ (neg) to feel unease or guilt for troubling someone, to be sorry
産業 【さんぎょう】industry
事故 【じこ】① accident, incident, trouble ② circumstances, reasons
事務所 【じむしょ】office
取り替える 【とりかえる】to exchange, to replace
習慣 【しゅうかん】custom, habit, manners
準備 【じゅんび】preparation, setup, arrangements, provision, reserve
招待 【しょうたい】invitation
触る 【さわる】to touch, to feel
赤ん坊 【あかんぼう】baby
続ける 【つづける】to continue, to keep up, to keep on
朝寝坊 【あさねぼう】oversleeping, late riser
適当 【てきとう】① suitable, adequate, relevant, appropriate, fit ② random, halfhearted, on the spot, whatever works
怒る 【おこる】① to get angry, to get mad ② to tell someone off, to scold ③ to be angular, to be square
倒れる 【たおれる】① to fall, to collapse, to drop, to fall senseless ② to be forced to bed (by illness, etc.) ③ to die ④ to go bankrupt, to be ruined, to have a bad debt ⑤ to be defeated (in a game) ⑥ to fall (of governments, dictators, etc.)
盗む 【ぬすむ】to steal
届ける 【とどける】to deliver, to forward, to send, to report, to file notice (to the authorities)
復習 【ふくしゅう】review, revision
法律 【ほうりつ】law
訪ねる 【たずねる】to visit
眠い 【ねむい】sleepy, drowsy, somnolent
眠る 【ねむる】① to sleep (not necessarily lying down) ② to die
娘 【むすめ】① (my) daughter ② girl (i.e. a young, unmarried woman)
輸出 【ゆしゅつ】① export ② efferent (medical)
優しい 【やさしい】tender, kind, gentle, graceful, affectionate, amiable, suave
腕 【うで】① arm ② skill
途中 【とちゅう】① on the way, en route ② in the middle of, midway
怖い 【こわい】① scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful ② (I'm) afraid
値段 【ねだん】price, cost
増える 【ふえる】to increase, to multiply
割合 【わりあい】① rate, ratio, percentage, proportion ② comparatively ③ contrary to expectations
背 【せ】① back, spine ② reverse, rear side ③ height ④ ridge (of a mountain)
壊す 【こわす】① to break, to destroy, to demolish ② to wreck, to ruin, to spoil, to damage ③ to break (a bill, etc.)
頑張る 【がんばる】to persist, to insist on, to stand firm, to try one's best
故障 【こしょう】break-down, failure, fault, accident, out of order
飾る 【かざる】to decorate, to ornament, to adorn
先輩 【せんぱい】senior (at work or school), superior, elder, older graduate, progenitor, old-timer
素晴らしい 【すばらしい】wonderful, splendid, magnificent
騒ぐ 【さわぐ】① to make noise, to make racket, to be noisy ② to rustle, to swoosh ③ to make merry ④ to clamor, to clamour, to make a fuss, to kick up a fuss ⑤ to lose one's cool, to panic, to act flustered ⑥ to feel tense, to be uneasy, to be excited
我々 【われわれ】we
こう① in this way (used for something or someone close to the speaker, including the speaker himself, or for the opinions of the speaker), thus, such ② uh... (interjection used as a verbal pause)
ごみrubbish, trash, garbage, refuse
ぶつto hit (a person), to strike, to beat
金 【きん】① gold, golden (color), metaphor for (most) valuable, gold (medal, cup) ② money (written before an amount) ③ Friday ④ metal (fourth of the five elements) ⑤ Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE) ⑥ gold general (shogi) ⑦ karat, carat
中 【ちゅう】① medium, average, middle ② moderation ③ middle school ④ China ⑤ in, out of (e.g. three out of ten people) ⑥ during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while
学 【がく】learning, scholarship, erudition, knowledge
大 【だい】① the large part of ② big, large, great ③ approximate size, no larger than ④ -university ⑤ large (e.g. serving size), loud (e.g. volume setting)
自動 【じどう】① automatic, self-motion ② intransitive verb
質 【しつ】quality
貸し 【かし】loan, lending
地 【ち】① earth, ground, land, soil ② place ③ territory ④ bottom (of a package, book, etc.) ⑤ earth (one of the five elements)
力 【りょく】strength, power
者 【しゃ】someone of that nature, someone doing that work
委員 【いいん】committee member
営業 【えいぎょう】business, trade, sales, operations
確かめる 【たしかめる】to ascertain, to check, to make sure
観客 【かんきゃく】audience, spectator, spectators
観光 【かんこう】sightseeing
記録 【きろく】① record, minutes, document ② a record (e.g. in sports), results, score ③ to record, to document ④ to set a record (e.g. in sports), to show a result, to reach a value
逆 【ぎゃく】① reverse, opposite ② converse (of a hypothesis, etc.)
逆らう 【さからう】to go against, to oppose, to disobey, to defy
金庫 【きんこ】safe, vault, treasury, provider of funds
県 【けん】① prefecture (of Japan) ② county (of China)
参加 【さんか】participation
指導 【しどう】① leadership, guidance, coaching ② shido (disciplinary action for a minor infringement of the rules of judo)
車庫 【しゃこ】garage, car shed, carport
消費 【しょうひ】consumption, expenditure
断る 【ことわる】① to refuse, to reject, to dismiss, to turn down, to decline ② to inform, to give notice, to tell in advance ③ to ask leave, to excuse oneself (from)
的 【てき】-like, typical
板 【いた】① board, plank ② sheet (of metal), plate (of glass), pane, slab ③ cutting board, chopping board ④ stage (i.e. at a theatre)
費用 【ひよう】cost, expense
飛ばす 【とばす】① to fly, to fire, to hurl ② to skip over, to omit, to drop (e.g. stitch) ③ to run or drive fast, to gallop ④ to spread a rumour (rumor), to tell a story ⑤ to remove, to get rid of, to transfer ⑥ to attack, to jeer at
満足 【まんぞく】① satisfaction ② sufficiency
迷う 【まよう】① to lose one's way ② to waver, to hesitate, to be of two minds over, to be puzzled, to be perplexed ③ to give into temptation, to lose control of oneself ④ to turn in one's grave
迷子 【まいご】lost (stray) child
量 【りょう】quantity, amount, volume, portion (of food)
満点 【まんてん】perfect score
感 【かん】feeling, sensation, emotion, admiration, impression
違い 【ちがい】difference, discrepancy
医師 【いし】doctor, physician
一層 【いっそう】① much more, still more, all the more, (would) rather, sooner, might as well ② single layer (or storey, etc.)
印 【しるし】① mark ② symbol ③ evidence
印象 【いんしょう】impression
延期 【えんき】postponement, adjournment
加減 【かげん】① addition and subtraction ② allowance for ③ degree, extent, measure ④ condition, state of health ⑤ seasoning, flavor, flavour, moderation, adjustment ⑥ influence (of the weather) ⑦ chance
過ごす 【すごす】① to pass (time), to spend ② to overdo (esp. of one's alcohol consumption), to drink (alcohol) ③ to overdo, to do too much ④ to ... without acting on it
過去 【かこ】the past, bygone days, the previous
解く 【とく】① to solve, to answer ② to untie ③ to comb, to untangle (hair)
解ける 【とける】① to be solved ② to loosen, to come untied ③ to be removed (e.g. restrictions), to be cleared (e.g. misunderstandings), to be broken (e.g. spells, curses) ④ to melt
解決 【かいけつ】settlement, solution, resolution
回復 【かいふく】recovery (from illness), improvement, rehabilitation, restoration, convalescence
各 【かく】each, every, all
確認 【かくにん】affirmation, confirmation, validation
割る 【わる】to divide, to cut, to break, to halve, to separate, to split, to rip, to crack, to smash, to dilute
巻く 【まく】to wind, to coil, to roll
汗 【あせ】① sweat, perspiration ② moisture, condensation
管理 【かんり】control, management (e.g. of a business)
観念 【かんねん】① idea, notion, conception ② sense (e.g. of duty) ③ resignation, preparedness, acceptance ④ observation and contemplation
間違い 【まちがい】mistake
含む 【ふくむ】① to contain, to comprise, to have, to hold, to include, to embrace ② to hold in the mouth ③ to bear in mind, to understand, to harbor (grudge, etc.), to harbour ④ to express (emotion, etc.), to imply
気候 【きこう】climate
詰める 【つめる】① to pack, to fill, to plug, to stop up ② to shorten (length or distance), to move over, to make room (for someone) ③ to work out (details)
吸収 【きゅうしゅう】absorption, suction, attraction
給料 【きゅうりょう】salary, wages
巨大 【きょだい】huge, gigantic, enormous
供給 【きょうきゅう】supply, provision
強盗 【ごうとう】① robber, mugger ② robbery, burglary
恐ろしい 【おそろしい】terrible, dreadful
恐怖 【きょうふ】fear, dread, dismay, terror
教師 【きょうし】teacher (classroom)
備える 【そなえる】① to furnish, to provide for, to equip, to install ② to have ready, to prepare for ③ to possess, to have, to be endowed with, to be armed with
券 【けん】ticket, coupon, bond, certificate
建設 【けんせつ】construction, establishment
権利 【けんり】right, privilege
肩 【かた】shoulder
減らす 【へらす】to abate, to decrease, to diminish, to shorten
減る 【へる】to decrease (in size or number), to diminish, to abate
現れる 【あらわれる】① to appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to come out, to embody, to materialize, to materialise ② to be expressed (e.g. emotions), to become apparent (e.g. trends, effects)
現在 【げんざい】now, current, present, present time, as of
現実 【げんじつ】reality
現象 【げんしょう】phenomenon
現場 【げんば】actual spot, scene, scene of the crime
限る 【かぎる】to restrict, to limit, to confine
限界 【げんかい】limit, bound
光景 【こうけい】scene, spectacle
効果 【こうか】effect, effectiveness, efficacy, result
更に 【さらに】furthermore, again, after all, more and more, moreover
構う 【かまう】① to mind, to care about, to be concerned about ② to care for, to look after ③ to prepare for ④ to intefere with, to meddle in ⑤ to tease
構成 【こうせい】organization, organisation, configuration, composition
航空 【こうくう】aviation, flying
国境 【こっきょう】national or state border
腰 【こし】① back, lower back, waist, hips, lumbar region ② body (of hair, noodle, paper, etc.), resilience, spring
混乱 【こんらん】disorder, chaos, confusion, mayhem
差す 【さす】① to raise (e.g. hands, umbrella), to stretch out ② to be tinged ③ to wear at one's side (e.g. sword) ④ to shine ⑤ to provoke a feeling
差別 【さべつ】discrimination, distinction, differentiation
再び 【ふたたび】again, once more, a second time
刺す 【さす】to pierce, to stab, to prick, to thrust, to bite, to sting, to pin down, to stitch, to put (a runner) out, to pole (a boat), to catch (with a line), to stick
資料 【しりょう】materials, data, document
事件 【じけん】event, affair, incident, case, plot, trouble, scandal
示す 【しめす】to denote, to show, to point out, to indicate, to exemplify
実際 【じっさい】① practicality, practical ② reality, actuality, actual conditions ③ bhutakoti (limit of reality)
主婦 【しゅふ】housewife, mistress (of the house), homemaker
収入 【しゅうにゅう】income, receipts, revenue
住宅 【じゅうたく】residence, housing, residential building
祝う 【いわう】to congratulate, to celebrate
出版 【しゅっぱん】publication
述べる 【のべる】to state, to express, to mention
処理 【しょり】processing, dealing with, treatment, disposition, disposal
女優 【じょゆう】actress
招く 【まねく】to invite
照らす 【てらす】to shine on, to illuminate
省く 【はぶく】to omit, to eliminate, to curtail, to economize, to economise
象 【ぞう】elephant
昇る 【のぼる】① to ascend, to go up, to climb ② to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise ③ to go to (the capital) ④ to be promoted ⑤ to add up to ⑥ to advance (in price) ⑦ to swim up (a river), to sail up ⑧ to come up (on the agenda)
状況 【じょうきょう】state of affairs (around you), situation, circumstances
職業 【しょくぎょう】occupation, business
職場 【しょくば】one's post, place of work, workplace
触れる 【ふれる】① to touch, to feel ② to experience, to come in contact with, to be emotionally moved (by), to perceive ③ to touch on a subject, to allude to ④ to be in conflict (with), to violate (law, copyright, etc.) ⑤ to proclaim
針 【はり】① needle, pin, hook ② stinger, thorn ③ hand (e.g. clock, etc.), pointer ④ staple (for a stapler) ⑤ needlework, sewing ⑥ malice ⑦ counter for stitches
制度 【せいど】system, institution, organization, organisation
精神 【せいしん】mind, soul, heart, spirit, intention
税金 【ぜいきん】tax, duty
積もる 【つもる】① to pile up, to accumulate ② to estimate
責める 【せめる】to condemn, to blame, to criticize, to criticise
責任 【せきにん】① duty, responsibility (incl. supervision of staff) ② liability, onus
絶対 【ぜったい】① absolutely, unconditionally ② absolute, unconditional, unmistakable ③ absoluteness
占める 【しめる】① to comprise (some part of the whole), to account for, to make up (of) ② to hold, to occupy
河 【かわ】① river, stream ② the .... river, (suffix used with the names of rivers)
増加 【ぞうか】increase, increment, addition
存在 【そんざい】existence, being
対象 【たいしょう】target, object (of worship, study, etc.), subject (of taxation, etc.)
大臣 【だいじん】cabinet minister
担当 【たんとう】(in) charge (of an area of responsibility, but not necessarily supervision of staff)
地域 【ちいき】area, region
貯金 【ちょきん】(bank) savings
直接 【ちょくせつ】direct, immediate, personal, firsthand
程度 【ていど】degree, amount, grade, standard, of the order of (following a number)
天候 【てんこう】weather
怒鳴る 【どなる】to shout, to yell
頭痛 【ずつう】headache
突然 【とつぜん】abrupt, sudden, unexpected, all at once
届く 【とどく】① to reach, to arrive, to get through, to get at ② to be attentive, to pay attention ③ to be delivered, to carry (e.g. sound)
南極 【なんきょく】① South Pole ② the Antarctic, Antarctica
認める 【みとめる】① to recognize, to recognise, to appreciate ② to observe, to notice ③ to admit, to approve
燃える 【もえる】to burn, to get fired up
悩む 【なやむ】to be worried, to be troubled
濃い 【こい】① deep (colour), dark ② strong (flavour, smell, etc.) ③ thick (consistency), dense ④ strong (possibility, etc.) ⑤ thick (i.e. "as thick as thieves"), close, deep (love, etc.)
抜く 【ぬく】① to extract, to omit, to surpass, to overtake, to draw out, to unplug ② to do something to the end
抜ける 【ぬける】① to come out, to fall out, to be omitted, to be missing, to escape ② to exit (a program loop)
判断 【はんだん】judgement, judgment, decision, adjudication, conclusion, decipherment, divination
販売 【はんばい】sales, selling, marketing
被害 【ひがい】damage
表現 【ひょうげん】① expression, presentation ② representation, notation
貧しい 【まずしい】poor, needy
婦人 【ふじん】woman, lady, adult female
腹 【はら】① abdomen, belly, stomach ② one's mind, one's real intentions, one's true motive ③ loop (physics) ④ counter for hard roe
変更 【へんこう】change, modification, alteration, revision, amendment
捕まる 【つかまる】① to be caught, to be arrested ② to hold on to, to grasp ③ to find (e.g. proof), to get (e.g. a taxi) ④ to be detained by
法則 【ほうそく】law, rule
訪問 【ほうもん】call, visit
豊か 【ゆたか】abundant, wealthy, plentiful, rich, affluent
面接 【めんせつ】interview
役割 【やくわり】part, assigning (allotment of) parts, role, duties
輸入 【ゆにゅう】importation, import, introduction
優勝 【ゆうしょう】overall victory, championship
与える 【あたえる】① to give (esp. to someone of lower status), to bestow, to grant, to confer, to present, to award ② to provide, to afford, to offer, to supply ③ to assign ④ to cause ⑤ to pass (a variable to a function)
預ける 【あずける】① to give into custody, to leave (a child) in the care of, to entrust, to deposit ② to lean on, to put one's weight on
幼い 【おさない】① very young ② childish, immature
幼児 【ようじ】infant, baby, child
理解 【りかい】understanding, comprehension, appreciation, sympathy
両替 【りょうがえ】change, money exchange
冷静 【れいせい】calm, composure, coolness, serenity
居る 【おる】① to be (animate), to be, to exist ② (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing) ③ (after -masu base of verb) indicates contempt or disdain for another's actions
燃やす 【もやす】to burn
夫婦 【ふうふ】married couple, spouses, husband and wife, couple, pair
痛み 【いたみ】pain, ache, sore, grief, distress
位置 【いち】place, situation, position, location
替える 【かえる】① to replace ② to exchange, to interchange ③ to substitute
乾杯 【かんぱい】① toast, drink (in celebration or in honor of something) ② drinking one's glass dry ③ cheers
効く 【きく】① to be effective, to show effect ② to do its work, to carry out its function well ③ to be possible to use
越える 【こえる】① to cross over, to cross, to pass through, to pass over (out of) ② to exceed
凍る 【こおる】to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal
捜す 【さがす】to search (for something lost), to seek (a suspect in a crime)
手続き 【てつづき】procedure, (legal) process, formalities
郵便 【ゆうびん】mail, postal service
隠す 【かくす】to hide, to conceal
隠れる 【かくれる】to hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself, to disappear
宇宙 【うちゅう】universe, cosmos, space
影響 【えいきょう】influence, effect
援助 【えんじょ】assistance, aid, support
応じる 【おうじる】to respond, to satisfy, to accept, to comply with, to apply for
価値 【かち】value, worth, merit
懐かしい 【なつかしい】dear, desired, missed
街 【がい】.. street, .. quarter, .. district
株 【かぶ】share, stock, stump (of tree)
環境 【かんきょう】environment, circumstance
奇妙 【きみょう】strange, queer, curious
鬼 【おに】① ogre, demon ② spirit of a deceased person ③ ogre-like person (i.e. fierce, relentless, merciless, etc.) ④ it (i.e. in a game of tag) ⑤ Chinese "ghost" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
義務 【ぎむ】duty, obligation, responsibility
休暇 【きゅうか】holiday, day off, furlough, absence (from work)
教授 【きょうじゅ】① professor ② teaching, instruction
響く 【ひびく】① to resound, to be heard far away ② to reverberate, to shake, to vibrate ③ to come (home), to remain (with someone) ④ to have an affect, to make an impression
緊張 【きんちょう】tension, mental strain, nervousness
金属 【きんぞく】metal
軍隊 【ぐんたい】army, troops
撃つ 【うつ】① to shoot (at) ② to attack, to defeat, to destroy, to avenge
健康 【けんこう】health, sound, wholesome
憲法 【けんぽう】constitution
検査 【けんさ】inspection (e.g. customs, factory), examination, scan (e.g. MRI, PET, etc.)
検討 【けんとう】consideration, examination, investigation, study, scrutiny, discussion
攻撃 【こうげき】attack, strike, offensive, criticism, censure
裁判 【さいばん】trial, judgement, judgment
姿 【すがた】figure, shape, appearance
主義 【しゅぎ】doctrine, rule, principle
宗教 【しゅうきょう】religion
就く 【つく】① to ascend (the throne), to accede ② to take (seat, position, course, etc.), to assume ③ to start (on a journey), to commence, to depart ④ to study (under teacher), to be an apprentice
就職 【しゅうしょく】finding employment, inauguration
修理 【しゅうり】repairing, mending, servicing
臭い 【くさい】① stinking, smelly ② suspicious, fishy ③ clumsy
従う 【したがう】to abide (by the rules), to obey, to follow, to accompany
症状 【しょうじょう】symptoms, condition
詳しい 【くわしい】knowing very well, detailed, full, accurate
障害 【しょうがい】① obstacle, impediment, hindrance, difficulty, barrier ② handicap, impairment, disability, disorder, malfunction
挙げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to show someone (into a room) ③ to send someone (away) ④ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑤ to praise ⑥ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑦ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑧ to arrest ⑨ to nominate ⑩ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding)
条件 【じょうけん】condition, conditions, term, terms, requirement, requirements
状態 【じょうたい】current status, condition, situation, circumstances, state
審判 【しんぱん】refereeing, trial, judgement, judgment, umpire, referee
振る 【ふる】① to wave, to shake, to swing ② to sprinkle, to throw (dice) ③ to cast (actor), to allocate (work) ④ to turn down (somebody), to reject, to jilt, to dump ⑤ to abandon, to give up, to ruin ⑥ to add kana indicating a reading of a word ⑦ to slightly change headings, to change directions ⑧ to extract by broiling, to prepare an infusion of, to decoct ⑨ to carry with great vigor (e.g. a portable shrine) ⑩ to bring up the main topic ⑪ to replace, to substitute ⑫ to set up a joke for somebody else
新鮮 【しんせん】fresh
診る 【みる】to examine (medically)
診察 【しんさつ】medical examination
睡眠 【すいみん】sleep
清潔 【せいけつ】① clean, hygenic, sanitary ② pure, virtuous, immaculate
製造 【せいぞう】manufacture, production
製品 【せいひん】manufactured goods, finished goods, product
請求 【せいきゅう】claim, demand, charge, application, request, billing (for a service)
説得 【せっとく】persuasion
専攻 【せんこう】major subject, special study
素敵 【すてき】lovely, dreamy, beautiful, great, fantastic, superb, cool, capital
組織 【そしき】① organization, organisation ② structure, construction ③ tissue ④ system
訴える 【うったえる】① to sue (a person), to take someone to court ② to resort to (e.g. arms, violence) ③ to appeal to, to call for ④ to raise, to bring to (someone's attention) ⑤ to complain
騒音 【そうおん】noise
属する 【ぞくする】① to entrust ② to send (a message, etc.)
態度 【たいど】attitude, manner, behaviour
逮捕 【たいほ】arrest, apprehension, capture
大統領 【だいとうりょう】president, chief executive
第 【だい】ordinal
誕生 【たんじょう】birth, creation, formation
張る 【はる】① to stick, to paste, to affix ② to stretch, to spread, to strain, to tighten ③ to form (e.g. ice on a pond) ④ to fill, to swell ⑤ to stick out, to put, to slap ⑥ to be expensive
提案 【ていあん】proposal, proposition, suggestion
提出 【ていしゅつ】① to present, to submit (e.g. a report or a thesis), to hand in, to file, to turn in ② presentation, submission, filing
伝統 【でんとう】tradition, convention
投票 【とうひょう】voting, poll
同僚 【どうりょう】coworker, colleague, associate
特徴 【とくちょう】feature, trait, characteristic, pecularity
独身 【どくしん】bachelorhood, single, unmarried, celibate
独特 【どくとく】peculiarity, uniqueness, characteristic
独立 【どくりつ】independence (e.g. Independence Day), self-support
俳優 【はいゆう】actor, actress, player, performer
博物館 【はくぶつかん】museum
迫る 【せまる】to draw near, to press (someone for something)
発展 【はってん】① development, growth, advancement, unfurling ② expansion, extension, enlargement ③ playing around, having an active sex life
罰する 【ばっする】to punish, to penalize, to penalise
批判 【ひはん】criticism, judgement, judgment, comment
比較 【ひかく】comparison
比較的 【ひかくてき】comparative, relative
微妙 【びみょう】① delicate, subtle, sensitive ② difficult, delicate (situation), complicated ③ doubtful, questionable, dicey
評価 【ひょうか】① valuation, estimation, assessment, evaluation ② to value, to assess, to estimate value ③ to appreciate, to value highly, to acknowledge the value (of something)
評判 【ひょうばん】① fame, reputation, popularity ② rumour (rumor), talk
貧乏 【びんぼう】poverty, destitute, poor
武器 【ぶき】weapon, arms, ordnance
物価 【ぶっか】prices of commodities, prices (in general), cost-of-living
訪れる 【おとずれる】to visit
魅力 【みりょく】charm, fascination, glamour, glamor, attraction, appeal
無視 【むし】disregard, ignore
迷惑 【めいわく】trouble, bother, annoyance
模様 【もよう】pattern, figure, design
優秀 【ゆうしゅう】superiority, excellence
誘う 【さそう】① to invite, to ask, to call (for) ② to tempt, to lure, to induce
利益 【りえき】① profit, gains ② benefit, advantage, interest (of the public, etc.) ③ grace (of God, Buddha, etc.) (esp. as attained through rightful actions, prayer, adherence to one's faith, etc.), blessing, miracle
敵 【てき】① opponent, rival, adversary ② menace, danger, threat, enemy
怪しい 【あやしい】① suspicious, dubious, doubtful, dodgy ② charming, bewitching
影 【かげ】① shadow, silhouette ② reflection, image ③ presence, sign ④ light (stars, moon)
刺激 【しげき】stimulus, impetus, incentive, encouragement, motivation, provocation
絞る 【しぼる】to press, to wring, to squeeze, to narrow (down), to whittle (down), to tighten
退屈 【たいくつ】tedium, boredom
激しい 【はげしい】violent, vehement, intense, furious, tempestuous
ぶつかるto strike, to collide with, to bump into
おめでとうcongratulations!, an auspicious occasion!
ご覧 【ごらん】① (after the -te form of a verb) (please) try to ② (please) look ③ seeing, looking, watching
かく① to scratch ② to perspire ③ to shovel, to paddle
わざとon purpose
枕 【まくら】① pillow, bolster ② introduction (e.g. to a rakugo story), lead-in
みょう① strange, unusual ② (something) superb, (something) excellent
贅沢 【ぜいたく】① luxury, extravagance ② to live in luxury
いやno, nay, well
あるa certain ..., some ...
かかるto suffer from
せいcause, reason, fault
とくto do something in readiness for, to get something (needful) done
回数 【かいすう】number of times, frequency, count
局 【きょく】① channel (i.e. TV or radio), station, department ② affair, situation
商店 【しょうてん】shop, small store, business, firm
勢い 【いきおい】① force, vigor, vigour, energy, spirit, life ② influence, authority, power, might ③ impetus, momentum, course (of events) ④ naturally, necessarily
清い 【きよい】clear, pure, noble
退院 【たいいん】leaving hospital, discharge from hospital
防犯 【ぼうはん】prevention of crime
満員 【まんいん】full house, no vacancy, sold out, standing room only, full (of people), crowded
録音 【ろくおん】(audio) recording
逆さま 【さかさま】inversion, upside down
退く 【どく】① to step aside, to move (i.e. out of the way), to make way ② to resign, to retire, to quit, to secede
量る 【はかる】① to measure, to weigh, to survey, to time (sound, gauge, estimate) ② to conjecture, to infer, to surmise
混じる 【まじる】to be mixed, to be blended with, to associate with, to mingle with, to interest, to join
移す 【うつす】① to change, to swap, to substitute, to transfer ② to change the object of one's interest or focus ③ to spend or take time ④ to infect ⑤ to permeate something with the smell or colour of something ⑥ to move on to the next or different stage of (a plan, etc.)
運河 【うんが】canal, waterway
延長 【えんちょう】① extension, elongation, prolongation, lengthening ② Enchou era (923.4.11-931.4.26)
過程 【かてい】process
解く 【ほどく】to unfasten, to untie, to unwrap (e.g. parcel)
改造 【かいぞう】① remodeling, remodelling, restructuring ② modding
各自 【かくじ】individual, each
各地 【かくち】every place, various places
官庁 【かんちょう】government office, authorities
期限 【きげん】① term, period, time frame ② time limit, deadline, cutoff (date)
規律 【きりつ】① order, observance, discipline ② rules, law, regulations
詰まる 【つまる】① to be blocked, to be packed ② to hit the ball near the handle of the bat (baseball)
給与 【きゅうよ】pay, salary, wages, allowance, grant, supply
境 【さかい】border, boundary, mental state
境界 【きょうかい】boundary
務める 【つとめる】① to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in) ② to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of) ③ to conduct a religious service
区域 【くいき】① limits, boundary, domain, zone, sphere, territory ② area (e.g. in programming languages)
血圧 【けつあつ】blood pressure
現す 【あらわす】① to reveal, to show, to display ② to express ③ to represent, to signify, to stand for ④ to make widely known
限度 【げんど】limit, bounds
候補 【こうほ】① candidate, contender, prospect, pick, choice, list ② candidacy, candidature, nomination
効力 【こうりょく】effect, efficacy, validity, potency
構造 【こうぞう】structure, construction
再来月 【さらいげつ】month after next
刺身 【さしみ】sashimi (sliced raw fish)
資本 【しほん】funds, capital
児童 【じどう】children, juvenile
自宅 【じたく】one's home
祝日 【しゅくじつ】national holiday
省略 【しょうりゃく】omission, abbreviation, abridgment, abridgement
寝坊 【ねぼう】sleeping in late
針金 【はりがね】wire
人造 【じんぞう】man-made, synthetic, artificial
先程 【さきほど】some time ago
占う 【うらなう】to tell someone's fortune, to forecast, to predict, to divine
体積 【たいせき】capacity, volume
宅 【たく】house, home, husband
担ぐ 【かつぐ】① to shoulder, to carry on one's shoulder ② to take (someone) for a ride, to deceive, to take in
段階 【だんかい】gradation, grade, stage, steps, order, class, phase
着替え 【きがえ】changing clothes, change of clothes
昼寝 【ひるね】nap (afternoon), siesta
停止 【ていし】suspension, interruption, stoppage, ban, standstill, halt, hang-up, deadlock, stalemate, abeyance
停車 【ていしゃ】stopping (e.g. train)
停電 【ていでん】power outage, electricity outage, blackout, failure of electricity supply
突く 【つく】① to prick, to stab ② to poke, to prod, to push, to thrust, to nudge, to hit, to strike ③ to use (a cane), to prop oneself up with, to press against (the floor, etc.) ④ to attack ⑤ to brave (the rain, etc.)
日程 【にってい】schedule, program, programme, agenda
濃度 【のうど】① concentration, thickness, density ② cardinality
判子 【はんこ】seal (used for signature)
反省 【はんせい】reflection, reconsideration, introspection, meditation, contemplation
革 【かわ】leather
浮く 【うく】① to float ② to become merry ③ to become loose
武道 【ぶどう】martial arts, military arts, Bushido
副 【ふく】① assistant, associate, vice-, sub-, deputy, substitute, auxiliary, supplementary, additional, collateral ② duplicate, copy
副詞 【ふくし】adverb
分解 【ぶんかい】① disassembly, dismantling, disaggregating, analysis, disintegrating, decomposing, degrading ② factorization ③ decomposition, resolution ④ deblocking
並行 【へいこう】(going) side by side, concurrent, abreast, at the same time, occurring together, parallel, parallelism
補う 【おぎなう】to compensate for, to supplement
坊さん 【ぼうさん】Buddhist priest, monk
無限 【むげん】infinite
名刺 【めいし】business card
迷信 【めいしん】superstition
面積 【めんせき】area
輸血 【ゆけつ】blood transfusion
翌月 【よくげつ】following month
翌日 【よくじつ】next day
翌年 【よくねん】following year
略す 【りゃくす】① to abbreviate, to omit ② to take, to capture
冷やす 【ひやす】to cool, to chill, to refrigerate
翌朝 【よくあさ】the next morning
造る 【つくる】① to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct ② to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol) ③ to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train ④ to till ⑤ to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write ⑥ to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose ⑦ to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found ⑧ to have (a child) ⑨ to make up (one's face, etc.) ⑩ to fabricate (an excuse, etc.) ⑪ to form (a line, etc.) ⑫ to set (a record) ⑬ to commit (a sin, etc.)
延ばす 【のばす】to postpone
人差し指 【ひとさしゆび】index finger
増やす 【ふやす】to increase, to add to, to augment
割引 【わりびき】discount, reduction, rebate, tenths discounted
欧米 【おうべい】Europe and America, the West
段 【だん】① step, stair, (flight of) steps, (row of) stitches, columns (of print) ② grade, rank, level ③ counter for breaks in written language (or speech, etc.)
巻 【かん】volume (of book), reel (of film)
団 【だん】body, group, party, company, troupe
省 【しょう】① ministry, department ② province (of China) ③ saving, conserving
案外 【あんがい】unexpectedly
一応 【いちおう】once, tentatively, in outline, for the time being, just in case
宴会 【えんかい】party, banquet
往復 【おうふく】round trip, coming and going, return ticket
応援 【おうえん】aid, assistance, help, reinforcement, rooting, barracking, support, cheering
看板 【かんばん】sign, signboard, doorplate, poster, billboard, appearance, figurehead, policy, attraction, closing time
研修 【けんしゅう】training (esp. in-service), induction course
後輩 【こうはい】junior (at work or school)
攻める 【せめる】to attack, to assault
催促 【さいそく】request, demand, claim, urge (action), press for
索引 【さくいん】index, indices, indexes
撮影 【さつえい】photographing
姿勢 【しせい】attitude, posture
市場 【しじょう】(the) market (as a concept)
障子 【しょうじ】shoji (paper sliding door)
載る 【のる】① to get on, to ride in, to board, to mount, to get up on ② to spread (paints), to be taken in ③ to share in, to join, to feel like doing, to be mentioned in, to be in harmony with ④ to appear (in print), to be recorded, to be found in (a dictionary)
振り 【ふり】① pretence (pretense), show ② appearance, behaviour ③ swing, swinging ④ lacking a reservation or introduction (at a restaurant, etc.) ⑤ unsewn part of a hanging sleeve on a traditional Japanese woman's garment
新幹線 【しんかんせん】bullet train (very high speed), Shinkansen
診断 【しんだん】diagnosis
製作 【せいさく】manufacture, production
先端 【せんたん】pointed end, tip, fine point, spearhead, cusp, vanguard, advanced, leading edge
体系 【たいけい】system, organization, organisation, architecture
対策 【たいさく】counter-plan, counter-measure
脱線 【だっせん】derailment, digression
典型 【てんけい】type, pattern, archetypal
展開 【てんかい】① development ② expansion (opposite of compression)
怒り 【いかり】anger, hatred, rage, wrath
独り 【ひとり】alone, unmarried, solitary
独り言 【ひとりごと】soliloquy, monologue, speaking to oneself
派手 【はで】showy, loud, gay, flashy, gaudy
俳句 【はいく】haiku poetry (17-syllable poem usually in 3 lines of 5, 7 and 5 syllables)
非難 【ひなん】blame, attack, criticism
評論 【ひょうろん】criticism, critique
不潔 【ふけつ】unclean, dirty, filthy, impure
兵隊 【へいたい】soldier, sailor
面倒臭い 【めんどうくさい】bother(some) to do, tiresome
矢印 【やじるし】arrow (mark or symbol), directional marker or indicator
幼稚 【ようち】infancy, childish, infantile
幼稚園 【ようちえん】kindergarten
武士 【ぶし】warrior, samurai
基準 【きじゅん】standard, basis, criterion, norm, reference, datum
載せる 【のせる】to load (luggage), to carry, to take on board
こするto rub, to scrub
いざnow, come (now), well
はるto do
指示 【しじ】indication, instruction, designation, directions
圧倒 【あっとう】overwhelm, overpower, overwhelming
圧迫 【あっぱく】pressure, coercion, oppression
移住 【いじゅう】migration, immigration
移民 【いみん】① emigration, immigration ② emigrant, immigrant
隠居 【いんきょ】① retirement ② retired person
営む 【いとなむ】to carry on (e.g. in ceremony), to run a business
英雄 【えいゆう】hero, great man
鉛 【なまり】lead (the metal)
解ける 【ほどける】to come untied, to come apart
快い 【こころよい】pleasant, agreeable
怪獣 【かいじゅう】monster
外観 【がいかん】appearance, exterior, facade
街道 【かいどう】highway (esp. one existing from the Edo period), main road
革命 【かくめい】① revolution ② 58th year of the sexagenary cycle (in onmyou-dou)
株式 【かぶしき】stock (company)
官僚 【かんりょう】bureaucrat, bureaucracy
感触 【かんしょく】sense of touch, feeling, sensation, texture (of food while chewing)
看護 【かんご】nursing, (army) nurse
観 【かん】① look, appearance ② spectacle, sight ③ observation meditation ④ outlook on ..., view of ...
観覧 【かんらん】viewing
企画 【きかく】planning, project, plan, design
気象 【きしょう】weather, climate
規模 【きぼ】scale, scope, plan, structure
記載 【きさい】record, statement, description, mention, listing, registration, booking, entry
記述 【きじゅつ】description, descriptor
義理 【ぎり】duty, sense of duty, honor, honour, decency, courtesy, debt of gratitude, social obligation
究極 【きゅうきょく】ultimate, extreme, final, eventual
強制 【きょうせい】obligation, coercion, compulsion, enforcement
強烈 【きょうれつ】strong, intense, severe
極めて 【きわめて】exceedingly, extremely, decisively
極楽 【ごくらく】① Sukhavati (Amitabha's Pure Land) ② paradise
極端 【きょくたん】extreme, extremity
緊急 【きんきゅう】urgent, pressing, emergency
近視 【きんし】myopia, shortsightedness, nearsightedness
系 【けい】① system, lineage, group ② corollary ③ (geological) system (range of strata that correspond to a particular time period) ④ (taxonomical) series
激励 【げきれい】encouragement
欠乏 【けつぼう】want, shortage, famine
血管 【けっかん】blood vessel
原型 【げんけい】prototype, model, pattern, archetypal
限定 【げんてい】limit, restriction
効率 【こうりつ】efficiency, efficacy, performance, utility factor
構える 【かまえる】① to set up (e.g. a building) ② to prepare in advance (e.g. a meal), to prepare to use something (e.g. a camera) ③ to plan, to scheme ④ to fabricate in order to deceive ⑤ to stiffen, to become formal
購読 【こうどく】paid subscription (e.g. magazine)
購入 【こうにゅう】purchase, buy
購買 【こうばい】purchase, buy
再建 【さいけん】rebuilding, reconstruction, rehabilitation
済ます 【すます】① to finish, to get it over with, to conclude ② to settle, to pay back ③ to get along (without something), to make do with (without)
裁く 【さばく】to judge
策 【さく】plan, policy
施設 【しせつ】① institution, establishment, facility ② (army) engineer
視覚 【しかく】sense of sight, vision
資金 【しきん】funds, capital
時差 【じさ】time difference
辞職 【じしょく】resignation
主 【ぬし】① head (of a household, etc.), leader, master ② owner, proprietor, proprietress ③ subject (of a rumour, etc.), doer (of a deed) ④ guardian spirit (e.g. long-resident beast, usu. with mystical powers), long-time resident (or employee, etc.) ⑤ husband ⑥ you
主観 【しゅかん】① subjectivity, subject, ego ② one's personal opinion, one's own idea
主催 【しゅさい】organization, organisation, sponsorship
就業 【しゅうぎょう】employment, starting work
修士 【しゅうし】Masters degree program (programme)
衆議院 【しゅうぎいん】lower house, House of Representatives
従来 【じゅうらい】up to now, so far, traditional, existing (e.g. equipment)
処置 【しょち】treatment, measure, step
処分 【しょぶん】disposal, dealing, punishment
初版 【しょはん】first edition
所属 【しょぞく】attached to, belong to, member
書評 【しょひょう】book review
昇進 【しょうしん】promotion
照明 【しょうめい】illumination
症 【しょう】illness
詳細 【しょうさい】detail, particulars
象徴 【しょうちょう】symbol
障る 【さわる】to hinder, to interfere with, to affect, to do one harm, to be harmful to
条約 【じょうやく】treaty, pact
織る 【おる】to weave
織物 【おりもの】textile, fabric
職員 【しょくいん】staff member, personnel
審査 【しんさ】judging, inspection, examination, investigation
振動 【しんどう】oscillation, vibration
新婚 【しんこん】newly-wed
身振り 【みぶり】gesture
制服 【せいふく】uniform
勢力 【せいりょく】influence, power, might, strength, potency, force, energy
政策 【せいさく】political measures, policy
正解 【せいかい】correct, right, correct interpretation (answer, solution)
正義 【せいぎ】justice, right, righteousness, correct meaning
設ける 【もうける】to create, to establish
設定 【せってい】① establishment, creation ② options or preference settings (in computer software), configuration, assignment, setup
絶える 【たえる】① to die out, to peter out, to become extinct ② to cease, to be stopped, to be discontinued, to be cut off
選挙 【せんきょ】election
鮮やか 【あざやか】vivid, clear, brilliant
素材 【そざい】raw materials, subject matter
訴訟 【そしょう】litigation, lawsuit
創造 【そうぞう】creation
創立 【そうりつ】establishment, founding, organization, organisation
捜査 【そうさ】search (esp. in criminal investigations), investigation, inquiry, enquiry
促す 【うながす】to urge, to press, to prompt, to suggest, to demand, to stimulate, to quicken, to incite, to invite (attention to)
他動詞 【たどうし】transitive verb (direct obj.)
大衆 【たいしゅう】general public
定義 【ていぎ】definition
提供 【ていきょう】offer, tender, program sponsoring, programme sponsoring, furnishing, provisioning, supply
展示 【てんじ】exhibition, display
登録 【とうろく】registration, accession, register, entry, record
投資 【とうし】investment
統合 【とうごう】① integration, unification, synthesis ② integrated, built-in
討論 【とうろん】debate, discussion
導く 【みちびく】① to guide, to lead, to show the way, to conduct ② to derive, to deduce
独占 【どくせん】① monopoly ② to monopolize, to hog
独創 【どくそう】originality
任務 【にんむ】duty, function, office, mission, task
悩み 【なやみ】trouble, troubles, worry, distress, sorrows, anguish, agony, problem
背景 【はいけい】background, scenery, setting, circumstance
迫害 【はくがい】persecution
罰 【ばつ】punishment, penalty
反応 【はんのう】reaction, response
票 【ひょう】label, ballot, ticket, sign
品質 【ひんしつ】(material) quality
浜 【はま】beach, seashore
不況 【ふきょう】recession, depression, slump
不振 【ふしん】dullness, depression, slump, stagnation
浮気 【うわき】① extramarital sex, affair, fooling around ② infidelity, wantonness, unfaithfulness, inconstancy, fickleness, caprice
負担 【ふたん】burden, charge, responsibility
並列 【へいれつ】arrangement, parallel, abreast
保護 【ほご】care, protection, shelter, safeguard, guardianship, favor, favour, patronage
保守 【ほしゅ】maintenance, conservation
満月 【まんげつ】full moon
未婚 【みこん】unmarried
模型 【もけい】model, dummy, maquette
猛烈 【もうれつ】violent, vehement, rage
優先 【ゆうせん】preference, priority, precedence
有益 【ゆうえき】beneficial, profitable
誘惑 【ゆうわく】temptation, allurement, lure, seduction
預金 【よきん】deposit, bank account
要請 【ようせい】claim, demand, request, application
乱す 【みだす】to throw out of order, to disarrange, to disturb
略語 【りゃくご】abbreviation, acronym
旅券 【りょけん】passport
了解 【りょうかい】comprehension, consent, understanding, roger (on the radio)
良質 【りょうしつ】good quality, superior quality
領域 【りょういき】area, domain, territory, field, range, region, regime
領土 【りょうど】dominion, territory, possession
励ます 【はげます】to encourage, to cheer, to raise (the voice)
幹 【みき】(tree) trunk, (arrow) shaft, (tool) handle, backbone, base
管 【かん】pipe, tube
施行 【しこう】① execution, enforcing, carrying out ② giving alms, giving food to the poor or monks
乏しい 【とぼしい】meagre, meager, scarce, limited, destitute, hard up, lacking, scanty, poor
微か 【かすか】faint, dim, weak, indistinct, hazy, poor, wretched
綺麗 【きれい】① pretty, lovely, beautiful, fair ② clean, clear, pure, tidy, neat ③ completely, entirely
心 【しん】① heart, mind ② spirit, vitality, inner strength ③ Chinese "Heart" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
総合 【そうごう】① synthesis, coordination, putting together, integration, composite ② comprehensive
添える 【そえる】① to garnish, to accompany (as a card does a gift) ② to add to as support, to prop up ③ to accompany (as an aid, guide, translator, etc.)
断つ 【たつ】to sever, to cut off, to suppress, to abstain (from)
手掛かり 【てがかり】① clue, key, trail, scent, track, contact ② handhold, on hand
並 【なみ】average, medium, common, ordinary
担う 【になう】to carry on shoulder, to bear (burden), to shoulder (gun)
保障 【ほしょう】guarantee, security, assurance, pledge, warranty
漏れる 【もれる】to leak out, to escape, to come through, to shine through, to filter out, to be omitted
割 【わり】① rate, ratio, proportion, percentage ② profit ③ assignment ④ 10%, unit of ten percent ⑤ sumo match, schedule of sumo matches ⑥ diluted with (of drinks), mixed with
隊 【たい】party, company, body (of troops), corps
書 【しょ】① document, book ② penmanship, handwriting, calligraphy (esp. Chinese)
かつyet, moreover, and
奇数 【きすう】odd number
ちょうsuper-, ultra-, hyper-, very, really (conversational)
つつく① to poke (repeatedly, lightly), to nudge ② to peck at (one's food), to pick at ③ to peck at (someone's faults, etc.) ④ to egg on, to put up to
くじlottery, lot
混む 【こむ】① to be crowded, to be packed ② to be complex ③ to go into, to put into, to remain (seated), to be plunged into (silence), to do thoroughly ④ to do intently ⑤ to continue in the same state
退く 【しりぞく】① to step back, to move back ② to leave (the presence of a superior), to withdraw, to retreat, to concede ③ to resign, to retire, to quit
バス停bus stop
中国 【ちゅうごく】① China ② South-west most region of Honshu, middle of a country, the Hiroshima area
かむto blow (one's nose)
高 【だか】quantity, amount, volume, number, amount of money
がかる(after a noun, used as a godan verb) inclining to, leaning to
かいmarks yes-no question
だい① marks wh-question (what, where, who) ② strengthens one's judgment or conclusion
はむ① to eat (fodder, grass, etc.) ② to receive (a salary) ③ to receive a stipend from one's lord
医 【い】medicine, the healing art, healing, curing, doctor
族 【ぞく】① tribe, clan, band ② (taxonomical) tribe ③ group (of the periodic table)
特質 【とくしつ】characteristic, feature, special quality
止め 【とめ】① (a) stop (e.g. in a timber joint, or at the end of a kanji stroke) ② remaining (e.g. poste-restante) ③ forty-five degree angle
貸し切り 【かしきり】reserved, reservation
前売り 【まえうり】advance sale, booking
たて① central, main, head, chief ② just (done), freshly (baked), indicates activity only just occurred ③ counter for consecutive losses
道 【どう】① road ② way ③ Buddhist teachings ④ Taoism ⑤ modern administrative region of Japan (Hokkaido) ⑥ historical administrative region of Japan (Tokaido, Tosando, etc.) ⑦ province (Tang-era administrative region of China) ⑧ province (modern administrative region of Korea)
快感 【かいかん】pleasant feeling
快速 【かいそく】high speed, celerity, mobility, express (train that bypasses many stations)
型 【がた】① model, type (e.g. of machine, goods, etc.) ② type, style, pattern ③ mold (mould), template, model ④ kata (standard form of a movement, posture, etc. in martial arts, sport, etc.) ⑤ form (i.e. customary procedure) ⑥ size (i.e. clothing, shoes)
月額 【げつがく】monthly amount (sum)
県営 【けんえい】prefectural, under prefectural management
公営 【こうえい】public management
市営 【しえい】municipal management
自家製 【じかせい】home-made
くわしいknowing very well, detailed, full, accurate
早退 【そうたい】leave early
多額 【たがく】large amount of money
大勢 【たいせい】general trend, current thought
大量 【たいりょう】large quantity
定額 【ていがく】ration, fixed amount
定量 【ていりょう】fixed quantity
年額 【ねんがく】yearly amount
半額 【はんがく】half, half amount, half fare
不快 【ふかい】unpleasant, displeasure, discomfort
迷路 【めいろ】maze, labyrinth, blind alley
退く 【ひく】① to move back, to draw back, to recede ② to lessen, to subside, to ebb ③ to resign, to retire, to quit
残額 【ざんがく】remaining amount, balance (of an account)
こく① to let loose (e.g. a fart) ② to utter (e.g. a lie)
ぶつ① stock, products ② stolen goods, loot, spoils
安値 【やすね】low price
胃痛 【いつう】stomach-ache, stomach pain, gastralgia
河童 【かっぱ】① kappa (mythical water-dwelling creatures) ② excellent swimmer ③ cucumber ④ rolled sushi containing a stick of cucumber
菓子 【かし】pastry, confectionery
各駅 【かくえき】every station
間接 【かんせつ】indirection, indirectness
まぬけstupidity, idiot, dunce, blockhead
気違い 【きちがい】① madness, madman ② enthusiast, freak, junkie
気象庁 【きしょうちょう】Meteorological Agency
逆説 【ぎゃくせつ】paradox
急増 【きゅうぞう】explosion, proliferation, surge
求婚 【きゅうこん】marriage proposal, courtship
求職 【きゅうしょく】job hunting, seeking employment
居酒屋 【いざかや】bar, pub, tavern
巨人 【きょじん】① giant, great man ② Tokyo Giants (baseball team)
供える 【そなえる】to offer, to sacrifice, to dedicate
景観 【けいかん】scenery
警察官 【けいさつかん】policemen, policeman, police officer
警察庁 【けいさつちょう】National Police Agency
見極める 【みきわめる】to see through, to probe, to make sure of
見抜く 【みぬく】to see through
公示 【こうじ】edict, public announcement
公設 【こうせつ】public (institution)
いいかげん① irresponsible, perfunctory, careless ② lukewarm, half-baked, halfhearted, vague ③ reasonable, moderate (usu. in suggestions or orders) ④ considerably, quite, rather, pretty
更新 【こうしん】renewal, update, innovation, renovation
更生 【こうせい】rehabilitation, regeneration, rebirth, resuscitation, reorganization, reorganisation
航法 【こうほう】sailing, navigation
高値 【たかね】high price
腰抜け 【こしぬけ】coward
再開 【さいかい】reopening, resumption, restarting
再度 【さいど】twice, again, second time
時限 【じげん】① (school) period ② period or division of time, time limit
自制 【じせい】self control, self restraint
自販機 【じはんき】vending machine
酒造 【しゅぞう】sake brewing
受領 【じゅりょう】receipt (of letter), acknowledgement, acceptance
昇給 【しょうきゅう】salary raise
照れる 【てれる】to be shy, to feel awkward
賞与 【しょうよ】reward, prize, bonus
上述 【じょうじゅつ】above-mentioned, foregoing, forgoing
寝不足 【ねぶそく】lack of sleep
人違い 【ひとちがい】mistaking one person for another
人権 【じんけん】human rights, civil liberties
精一杯 【せいいっぱい】with all one's might
精度 【せいど】precision, accuracy
絶望 【ぜつぼう】despair, hopelessness
占い 【うらない】fortune-telling, divination
全景 【ぜんけい】panoramic view, bird's-eye view
層 【そう】① layer, seam, bed, stream, class ② sheaf ③ storey (of a building), story, floor
総体 【そうたい】the whole, originally
総理 【そうり】prime minister, leader, overseer (of national affairs), president
総理府 【そうりふ】Prime Minister's office, PMO
増税 【ぞうぜい】tax increase
男優 【だんゆう】actor
置き場 【おきば】a place for something, storehouse
直接的 【ちょくせつてき】direct
痛む 【いたむ】to hurt, to feel a pain, to be injured
都庁 【とちょう】Tokyo Government Office
怒る 【いかる】① to get angry, to get mad ② to tell someone off, to scold ③ to be angular, to be square
怒気 【どき】anger, wrath
凍死 【とうし】death from cold, freezing to death
盗品 【とうひん】stolen goods, loot, spoils
任意 【にんい】any, arbitrary, optional, discretion, non-specific, unspecified, free will
反則 【はんそく】foul play (sport), transgression, default, balk, irregularity
版権 【はんけん】copyright
皮革 【ひかく】leather, hide
氷河 【ひょうが】glacier
不可能 【ふかのう】impossible
浮世絵 【うきよえ】ukiyoe (color print of everyday life in the Edo period) (colour)
副業 【ふくぎょう】side job, sideline, subsidiary business
副題 【ふくだい】subtitle, subheading
法規 【ほうき】the law, laws and regulations
暴走 【ぼうそう】running wildly, reckless driving, runaway, rampage
暴力団 【ぼうりょくだん】gangster organization (organisation), crime syndicate, yakuza (Japanese mafia), band of thugs, group of hoodlums
無職 【むしょく】without an occupation
無税 【むぜい】duty-free, tax-free
容疑 【ようぎ】suspect, charge
領収 【りょうしゅう】receipt, voucher
冷凍庫 【れいとうこ】freezer
腕時計 【うでどけい】wristwatch
乳首 【ちくび】nipple, teat
乾季 【かんき】dry season
規準 【きじゅん】standard, basis, criterion, norm, reference, datum
極める 【きわめる】① to carry to extremes, to go to the end of something ② to investigate thoroughly, to master
絶つ 【たつ】to sever, to cut off, to suppress, to abstain (from)
捕える 【とらえる】① to seize, to capture, to arrest ② to grasp, to perceive, to treat (as)
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
減給 【げんきゅう】pay cut, salary cut
絶景 【ぜっけい】superb view, picturesque scenery
郵便箱 【ゆうびんばこ】mailbox
略図 【りゃくず】rough sketch, rough map
造園 【ぞうえん】landscape gardening
師 【し】① teacher, master, one's mentor ② religious leader ③ specialist
通販 【つうはん】mail order
杯 【はい】① sake cup, cup for alcoholic beverages ② counter for cupfuls ③ counter for ships, octopuses and squid
機 【き】① chance, opportunity ② machine ③ aircraft ④ counter for aircraft ⑤ counter for remaining lives (in video games)
城 【じょう】castle (in place names)
腹立つ 【はらだつ】to get angry
悪影響 【あくえいきょう】bad influence, negative influence
一覧 【いちらん】① at a glance, (a) look, (a) glance, (a) summary ② (school) catalog, catalogue
宇宙船 【うちゅうせん】space ship
ふぐpuffer fish, blow fish, fugu, globefish, swellfish
怪談 【かいだん】ghost story
閣議 【かくぎ】cabinet meeting
閣僚 【かくりょう】cabinet ministers
渇く 【かわく】to be thirsty
株式会社 【かぶしきがいしゃ】public company, corporation, KK, formula for an incorporated public company
企てる 【くわだてる】to plan, to plot, to propose, to design, to intend, to contemplate, to attempt, to undertake
吸血鬼 【きゅうけつき】vampire, bloodsucker
挙がる 【あがる】to be listed (as a candidate)
警視庁 【けいしちょう】Metropolitan Police Department (esp. Tokyo)
潔い 【いさぎよい】manly, sportsmanlike, pure, upright
憲政 【けんせい】constitutional government
検索 【けんさく】looking up (e.g. a word in a dictionary), retrieval (e.g. data), searching for, referring to
検問 【けんもん】inspection, examination
ゆえにtherefore, consequently
故意 【こい】① intention, purpose, bad faith ② mens rea (guilty mind)
公益 【こうえき】public, public good
口笛 【くちぶえ】whistle
江戸 【えど】old name of Tokyo
告訴 【こくそ】accusation, complaint, charge, legal action
国益 【こくえき】national interest
国旗 【こっき】national flag
崎 【さき】small peninsula
支援 【しえん】support, backing, aid, assistance
請ける 【うける】① to receive, to accept, to get, to inherit ② to catch (e.g. a ball), to parry (e.g. a blow), to take (lesson, test, damage), to sustain (damage), to incur (loss) ③ to become popular, to be well-received, to go down well
宗派 【しゅうは】sect, denomination
秀でる 【ひいでる】to excel, to surpass
獣 【じゅう】beast, brute
獣医 【じゅうい】veterinarian
小規模 【しょうきぼ】small scale
睡眠薬 【すいみんやく】sleeping pill, sleep medication
請願 【せいがん】petition
切迫 【せっぱく】pressure, urgency, tension, imminence, acuteness
鮮魚 【せんぎょ】fresh fish
大嫌い 【だいきらい】very dislikeable, hate, loathe, abhor
大敵 【たいてき】great rival, powerful enemy
沢 【さわ】① swamp, marsh ② mountain stream, valley, dale
脱字 【だつじ】omitted word or character
脱税 【だつぜい】tax evasion
地価 【ちか】the price of land
中途半端 【ちゅうとはんぱ】halfway, half measures, unfinished, incomplete, by halves, half-baked, half-cocked
締結 【ていけつ】① conclusion, execution (of a contract), entering (into treaty) ② fastening (as in a joint)
添付 【てんぷ】attachment (e.g. email), appendix (e.g. of a report, document, etc), annex, appendage, annexure
凍結 【とうけつ】freeze (e.g. program, food, etc.)
藤 【ふじ】wisteria, Wisteria floribunda
独学 【どくがく】self-education, self-instruction, self-study
豚 【ぶた】pig
日系 【にっけい】(of) Japanese descent
入隊 【にゅうたい】enlistment
熱烈 【ねつれつ】ardent, passionate, vehement
年賀状 【ねんがじょう】New Year's card
年輩 【ねんぱい】elderly, age, years
罰金 【ばっきん】fine, penalty
端 【たん】① variable measure of fabric (28.8 cm in width), for kimonos: at least 10 m in length, for haori: at least 7.27 m in length, for other clothes: at least 6.06 m in length ② 300 tsubo (991.74 meters square, 0.24506 acres) ③ six ken (10.91 m)
肥満 【ひまん】corpulence, fatness, obesity
肥料 【ひりょう】manure, fertilizer, fertiliser
微生物 【びせいぶつ】microbe, germ
不健康 【ふけんこう】poor health, ill health, unhealthy
不詳 【ふしょう】unknown, unidentified, unspecified
不眠症 【ふみんしょう】sleeplessness, insomnia, wakefulness
服飾 【ふくしょく】clothing and accessories, attire
弁護士 【べんごし】lawyer, attorney
無我夢中 【むがむちゅう】being absorbed in, losing oneself in
木製 【もくせい】wooden, made of wood
野獣 【やじゅう】beast, monster, wild animal
野郎 【やろう】rascal
誘う 【いざなう】① to invite, to ask, to call (for) ② to tempt, to lure, to induce
仮名 【かめい】alias, pseudonym, pen name, nom de plume
嫌味 【いやみ】disagreeableness, disagreeability, gaudiness, sarcasm
入江 【いりえ】inlet, cove, creek, bay
失態 【しったい】mismanagement, fault, error, failure, disgrace, discredit
締切 【しめきり】closing, cut-off, end, deadline, Closed, No Entrance
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
我 【わが】my, our, one's own
脱走 【だっそう】desertion, escape
太陽系 【たいようけい】solar system
好奇 【こうき】inquisitiveness
倒壊 【とうかい】destruction, collapse, crumbling
宮 【みや】① shrine ② palace, imperial residence ③ member of the imperial family
横浜 【よこはま】Yokohama (city)
かけるto suspend between two points, to build (a bridge, etc.), to put up on something (e.g. legs up on table)
韓国 【かんこく】(South) Korea
ごみrubbish, trash, garbage, refuse
かんちょう① (giving an) enema ② prank where the anal region of another person is poked with index fingers
すねshin, shank, lower leg
かえる① frog ② kajika frog (Buergeria buergeri)
あるa certain ..., some ...
きじgreen pheasant (Phasianus versicolor), Japanese pheasant
かわすto dodge, to evade, to avoid, to sidestep