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日本人の知らない日本語 ep. 1

Author (public: access, edit)

Vocabulary from episode 1 of YTV Drama: 日本人の知らない日本語 (Nihonjin no shiranai nihongo). A great show for Japanese (semi-)beginners.



506 entriesCreated by Public Domain — Last modified: 2013-10-28 16:18:27
お金 【おかね】money
そんなsuch (about the actions of the listener, or about ideas expressed or understood by the listener), like that, that sort of
どんなwhat, what kind of
もっと(some) more, even more, longer, further
安い 【やすい】① cheap, inexpensive ② calm, peaceful, quiet
一つ 【ひとつ】① one ② for one thing (often used in itemized lists) ③ (after a noun) only ④ (with a verb in negative form) (not) even ⑤ just (i.e. "just try it")
飲む 【のむ】① to drink, to gulp, to swallow ② to smoke (tobacco) ③ to engulf, to overwhelm ④ to keep down, to suppress ⑤ to accept (e.g. demand, condition) ⑥ to make light of, to conceal
下さい 【ください】① please give me ② (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-) please do for me
外国 【がいこく】foreign country
学校 【がっこう】school
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
口 【くち】① mouth ② opening, hole, gap, orifice ③ mouth (of a bottle), spout, nozzle, mouthpiece ④ gate, door, entrance, exit ⑤ speaking, speech, talk (i.e. gossip) ⑥ taste, palate ⑦ mouth (to feed) ⑧ opening (i.e. vacancy), available position ⑨ invitation, summons ⑩ kind, sort, type ⑪ opening (i.e. beginning) ⑫ counter for mouthfuls, shares (of money), and swords
今 【いま】now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more
時 【とき】① time, hour ② occasion, moment
時間 【じかん】① time ② hours
耳 【みみ】① ear ② hearing ③ edge, crust ④ selvedge (non-fray machined edge of fabrics), selvage
手 【て】① hand, arm ② handle ③ hand, worker, help ④ trouble, care, effort ⑤ means, way, trick, move, technique, workmanship ⑥ hand, handwriting ⑦ kind, type, sort ⑧ one's hands, one's possession ⑨ ability to cope ⑩ hand (of cards) ⑪ direction
週間 【しゅうかん】week, weekly
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
出来る 【できる】① to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task ② to be ready, to be completed ③ to be made, to be built ④ to be good at, to be permitted (to do) ⑤ to become intimate, to take up (with somebody) ⑥ to grow, to be raised
書く 【かく】to write
小さい 【ちいさい】small, little, tiny
少し 【すこし】① small quantity, little, few, something ② little while ③ short distance
上 【うえ】① above, up, over ② top, summit ③ surface, on ④ before, previous ⑤ superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder) ⑥ on top of that, besides, what's more ⑦ upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after) ⑧ matters concerning..., as concerns ... ⑨ since (i.e. "for that reason") ⑩ suffix indicating higher social standing
上げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to do up (one's hair) ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to show someone (into a room) ⑥ (uk) to summon (for geishas, etc.) ⑦ to send someone (away) ⑧ to enrol (one's child in school) (enroll) ⑨ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑩ to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice) ⑪ to earn (something desirable) ⑫ to praise ⑬ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑭ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑮ to arrest ⑯ to nominate ⑰ to give ⑱ to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) ⑲ to bear (a child) ⑳ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) ○ (of the tide) to come in ○ to vomit ○ (after the -te form of a verb) to do for (the sake of someone else) ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to complete ○ used after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility
食べる 【たべる】to eat
人 【じん】① -ian (e.g. Italian, etc.) (attaches to name of country to denote nationality), -er (e.g. performer, etc.) (attaches to name of occupation) ② (usu. in compound words) man, person, people
先 【さき】① previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding ② point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle ③ head (of a line), front ④ ahead, the other side ⑤ the future, hereafter ⑥ destination ⑦ the other party
先生 【せんせい】① teacher, master, doctor ② with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific
前 【まえ】① ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour) ② in front (of), before (e.g. the house) ③ head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part ④ in the presence of ⑤ helping, portion ⑥ privates, private parts
長い 【ながい】① long (distance) ② long (time), lengthy
電話 【でんわ】telephone
読む 【よむ】to read
二 【に】two
二つ 【ふたつ】two
日本語 【にほんご】Japanese (language)
入る 【はいる】① to enter ② to break into ③ to join, to enroll ④ to contain, to hold, to accommodate ⑤ to have (an income of)
入れる 【いれる】① to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.) ② to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire ③ to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to ④ to include ⑤ to pay (one's rent, etc.) ⑥ to cast (a vote) ⑦ to make (tea, coffee, etc.) ⑧ to turn on (a switch, etc.) ⑨ to send (a fax), to call
本 【ほん】① book, volume ② main, head, this, our, present, real ③ counter for long cylindrical things
名前 【なまえ】① name, full name ② given name, first name
木 【き】tree, wood, timber
来る 【くる】① to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive ② to come back, to do ... and come back ③ to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue ④ to come from, to be caused by, to derive from ⑤ to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
来週 【らいしゅう】next week
何 【なに】① what ② how many (some counter)
何 【なん】① what ② how many (some counter)
魚 【さかな】fish
行く 【いく】① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
今日 【きょう】today, this day
人 【ひと】① man, person ② human being, mankind, people ③ character, personality ④ man of talent, true man ⑤ other people ⑥ adult
言う 【いう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
大きい 【おおきい】big, large, great, loud
聞く 【きく】① to hear ② to listen (e.g. to music) ③ to ask, to enquire, to query
立つ 【たつ】① to stand, to rise, to stand up ② to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position) ③ to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
話 【はなし】① talk, speech, chat, story, conversation ② discussions, negotiation, argument
分かる 【わかる】① to be understood, to be comprehended, to be grasped ② to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
ですpolite copula in Japanese
いるauxillary verb for continuing action or state
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
お茶 【おちゃ】① tea (usu. green) ② tea break (at work) ③ tea ceremony
意味 【いみ】meaning, significance
英語 【えいご】English (language)
海 【うみ】sea, beach
漢字 【かんじ】Chinese characters, kanji
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
教える 【おしえる】to teach, to inform, to instruct
教室 【きょうしつ】classroom
犬 【いぬ】① dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris) ② snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.) ③ counterfeit, inferior, useless, wasteful
ご飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
考える 【かんがえる】to consider, to think about
有る 【ある】① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
仕事 【しごと】① work, job, business, occupation, employment, vocation, task ② work
使う 【つかう】① to use (a thing, method, etc.), to make use of, to put to use ② to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.), to employ, to handle, to manage, to manipulate ③ to use (time, money, etc.), to spend, to consume ④ to use (language), to speak ⑤ to take (one's lunch), to circulate (bad money)
始まる 【はじまる】to begin
私 【わたし】① I, me ② private affairs, personal matter, secrecy ③ selfishness
持つ 【もつ】① to hold, to carry ② to possess
質問 【しつもん】question, inquiry, enquiry
借りる 【かりる】① to borrow, to have a loan ② to rent, to hire
重い 【おもい】① heavy, massive ② serious, important, severe, oppressed
所 【ところ】① place, spot, scene, site ② address ③ district, area, locality ④ one's house ⑤ point ⑥ part ⑦ space, room ⑧ whereupon, as a result ⑨ (after present form of a verb) about to, on the verge of
新しい 【あたらしい】new
洗う 【あらう】① to wash ② to investigate
走る 【はしる】① to run ② to travel (movement of vehicles) ③ to hurry to ④ to retreat (from battle), to take flight ⑤ to run away from home ⑥ to elope ⑦ to tend heavily toward
早い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
待つ 【まつ】① to wait ② to await, to look forward to, to anticipate ③ (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
知る 【しる】to know, to understand, to be acquainted with, to feel
働く 【はたらく】① to work, to labor, to labour ② to function, to operate, to be effective, to work (i.e. ... works), to come into play ③ to commit (e.g. a crime), to perpetrate, to do, to act, to practise, to practice ④ to be conjugated
物 【もの】① thing, object ② the natural thing, a frequently done thing ③ used to express emotional involvement ④ used in giving a reason
勉強 【べんきょう】① study ② diligence ③ discount, reduction
方 【ほう】side, direction, way
門 【もん】① gate ② branch of learning based on the teachings of a single master ③ (biological) division ④ counter for cannons
色々 【いろいろ】various
思う 【おもう】① to think, to consider, to believe ② to think (of doing), to plan (to do) ③ to judge, to assess, to regard ④ to imagine, to suppose, to dream ⑤ to expect, to look forward to ⑥ to feel, to desire, to want ⑦ to recall, to remember
終わる 【おわる】to finish, to end, to close
作る 【つくる】① to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct ② to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol) ③ to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train ④ to till ⑤ to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write ⑥ to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose ⑦ to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found ⑧ to have (a child) ⑨ to make up (one's face, etc.) ⑩ to fabricate (an excuse, etc.) ⑪ to form (a line, etc.) ⑫ to set (a record) ⑬ to commit (a sin, etc.)
易しい 【やさしい】easy, plain, simple
泳ぐ 【およぐ】to swim
家庭 【かてい】home, family, household
ヶ月 【かげつ】(number of) months
荷物 【にもつ】① luggage, baggage ② burden ③ payload (of a packet, cell, etc.)
君 【きみ】you, buddy, pal
言葉 【ことば】① language, dialect ② word, words, phrase, term, expression, remark ③ speech, (manner of) speaking
細い 【ほそい】thin, slender, fine
皿 【さら】① plate, dish, platter, disc ② serving, helping, course ③ kanji radical 108 (at the bottom)
全部 【ぜんぶ】all, entire, whole, altogether
美味しい 【おいしい】① delicious, tasty ② nice (move in sport, trick, etc., nuance of being easy or a bit lucky), sweet
辺 【へん】① area, vicinity ② side (of triangle, rectangle, etc.) ③ circumstances
方 【かた】① direction, way ② person, lady, gentleman ③ method of, manner of, way of ④ care of .. ⑤ person in charge of .. ⑥ side (e.g. "on my mother's side")
面白い 【おもしろい】interesting, amusing
留学生 【りゅうがくせい】overseas student, exchange student
昨日 【きのう】yesterday
違う 【ちがう】① to differ (from), to vary ② to not be in the usual condition ③ to not match the correct (answer, etc.) ④ to be different from promised
一緒 【いっしょ】① together ② at the same time ③ same, identical
過ぎ 【すぎ】① past, after ② too (much), over (e.g. eating)
皆 【みんな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
覚える 【おぼえる】① to remember, to recollect, to memorize, to memorise ② to feel
結構 【けっこう】① splendid, nice, wonderful, delicious, sweet ② sufficient, fine (in the sense of "I'm fine"), (by implication) no thank you ③ well enough, OK, tolerable ④ reasonably, fairly, tolerably
個 【こ】① counter for articles ② counter for military units ③ individual
座る 【すわる】① to sit, to squat ② to assume (a position) ③ to hold steady, to hold still
冊 【さつ】counter for books
子供 【こども】child, children
授業 【じゅぎょう】lesson, class work
生徒 【せいと】pupil
置く 【おく】① to put, to place ② to leave (behind) ③ to do something in advance (usu. following te-form verb)
難しい 【むずかしい】difficult
必要 【ひつよう】① necessary, needed, essential, indispensable ② necessity, need, requirement
忘れる 【わすれる】to forget, to leave carelessly, to be forgetful of, to forget about, to forget (an article)
欲しい 【ほしい】① wanted, wished for, in need of, desired ② (after the -te form of a verb) I want (you) to
頼む 【たのむ】① to request, to beg, to ask ② to call, to order, to reserve ③ to entrust to ④ to rely on
ころ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
匹 【ひき】① counter for small animals ② counter for rolls of cloth (two han in size) ③ roll of cloth
ありがとうThank you
良く 【よく】① nicely, properly, well, skillfully ② frequently, often
達 【たち】pluralizing suffix (esp. for people & animals; formerly honorific)
幾ら 【いくら】how much?, how many?
大丈夫 【だいじょうぶ】safe, all right, OK, okay
誰 【だれ】who
なぜwhy, how
良い 【よい】① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
あそこ① there (place physically distant from both speaker and listener), over there, that place, yonder ② that far (something psychologically distant from both speaker and listener), that much, that point
あのthat (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
あれ① that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly) ② that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors) ③ hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh? ④ that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
こっち① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
そしてand, and then, thus, and now
その① that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the ② um..., er..., uh...
どうhow, in what way, how about
どっち① which way, which direction, where ② which one (esp. of two alternatives) ③ who
やる① to do ② to have sexual intercourse ③ to kill ④ to give (to inferiors, animals, etc.) ⑤ to do for (inferiors) ⑥ to send (e.g. somebody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g. letter) (despatch) ⑦ to move (something to), to row (a boat) ⑧ (used in place of other verb) to have (eat, drink, smoke), to study, to run or operate (a restaurant)
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
ちょっと① just a minute, short time, just a little ② somewhat, easily, readily, rather ③ (before a verb in negative form) (will not) easily ④ hey!
いつwhen, how soon
いくつ① how many? ② how old?
くれるto give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
ここ① here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place ② these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker) ③ these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
ことthing, matter, fact, circumstances, business, reason, experience
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
まだ① as yet, hitherto, still ② not yet (with negative verb)
どこ① where, what place ② how much (long, far), what extent
このthis (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
醤油 【しょうゆ】soy sauce, shoyu
どのwhich, what (way)
もう一度 【もういちど】once more, again
あんなsuch (about something or someone distant from both speaker and listener, or about a situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener), so, that, sort of
いらっしゃる① to come, to go, to be (somewhere) ② (after a -te form, or the particle "de") is (doing), are (doing)
けどbut, however, although
さっきsome time ago
だからso, therefore
ちゃんsuffix for familiar person
そろそろ① gradually, steadily, quietly, slowly ② soon, momentarily, before long, any time now
日本 【にっぽん】Japan
なさいdo (imperative form often used after ~masu base of verbs)
アルバイト① part-time job, side job ② albite
以上 【いじょう】① not less than, ... and more, ... and upwards ② beyond ... (e.g. one's means), further (e.g. nothing further to say), more than ... (e.g. cannot pay more than that) ③ above-mentioned, foregoing ④ since ..., seeing that ... ⑤ this is all, that is the end, the end
員 【いん】member
下さる 【くださる】to give, to confer
家 【うち】① house, home (one's own) ② (one's) family, (one's) household
会話 【かいわ】conversation
見える 【みえる】① to be seen, to be in sight ② to look, to seem, to appear ③ to come
校長 【こうちょう】principal, headmaster
高校 【こうこう】senior high school
始める 【はじめる】① to start, to begin, to commence, to initiate, to originate ② to open (e.g. a store), to start up, to establish (business. etc.) ③ to start (doing something), to begin to ...
試験 【しけん】examination, test, study, trial, experiment
字 【じ】① character (i.e. kanji) ② hand-writing, penmanship ③ the ... word (i.e. "the L word" = "love")
食事 【しょくじ】① meal ② to eat
生きる 【いきる】to live, to exist
店員 【てんいん】shop assistant, employee, clerk, salesperson
入院 【にゅういん】hospitalization, hospitalisation
文学 【ぶんがく】literature
別 【べつ】distinction, difference, different, another, particular, separate, extra, exception
力 【ちから】① force, strength, might, vigour (vigor), energy ② capability, ability, proficiency, capacity, faculty ③ efficacy, effect ④ effort, endeavours (endeavors), exertions ⑤ power, authority, influence, good offices, agency ⑥ support, help, aid, assistance ⑦ stress, emphasis ⑧ means, resources
一度 【いちど】① once, one time, on one occasion ② temporarily, for a moment ③ one degree, one tone, one musical interval
音 【おと】① sound, noise, report ② note (music) ③ fame
教育 【きょういく】training, education
形 【かたち】① form, shape, figure ② visage
決める 【きめる】to decide
お礼 【おれい】thanking, expression of gratitude
光 【ひかり】light
生活 【せいかつ】living, life (one's daily existence), livelihood
昔 【むかし】olden days, former
道具 【どうぐ】implement, tool, means
無理 【むり】unreasonable, impossible, overdoing
確か 【たしか】① certain, sure, definite ② if I'm not mistaken, if I remember correctly
汚れる 【よごれる】① to get dirty, to become dirty ② to become sullied
過ぎる 【すぎる】① to pass through, to pass by, to go beyond ② to pass (i.e. of time), to elapse ③ to have expired, to have ended, to be over ④ to exceed, to surpass, to be above ⑤ to be no more than ... ⑥ (often used after adjective stems or the -masu stems of verbs) to be excessive, to be too much, to be too ...
慣れる 【なれる】① to grow accustomed to, to get too familiar with ② to become domesticated, to become tame
簡単 【かんたん】simple
規則 【きそく】rules, regulations, conventions
経験 【けいけん】experience
警察 【けいさつ】police
似る 【にる】to resemble, to be similar
失礼 【しつれい】① discourtesy, impoliteness ② Excuse me, Goodbye ③ to leave ④ to be rude
席 【せき】① seat ② location (of a gathering, etc.), place ③ position, post
専門 【せんもん】speciality, specialty, subject of study, expert
卒業 【そつぎょう】graduation, completion (e.g. of a course)
熱 【ねつ】fever, temperature
必ず 【かならず】always, without exception, necessarily, certainly, without fail, positively, invariably
付く 【つく】① to be attached, to be connected with, to adhere, to stick, to cling ② to remain imprinted, to scar, to stain, to dye ③ to bear (fruit, interest, etc.) ④ to be acquired (of a habit, ability, etc.), to increase (of strength, etc.) ⑤ to take root ⑥ to accompany, to attend, to follow, to study with ⑦ to side with, to belong to ⑧ to possess, to haunt ⑨ to be lit, to be lighted ⑩ to be settled, to be resolved, to be decided ⑪ to be given (of a name, price, etc.) ⑫ to be sensed, to be perceived ⑬ to be lucky ⑭ (after -masu stems, onomatopoeic and mimetic words) to become (a state, condition, etc.)
普通 【ふつう】① general, ordinary, usual ② normally, generally, usually ③ train that stops at every station
変える 【かえる】to change, to alter, to vary, to convert, to revise, to amend, to transform
変わる 【かわる】to change, to be transformed, to vary, to be revised, to be different, to move location
法律 【ほうりつ】law
夢 【ゆめ】dream
戻る 【もどる】to turn back, to return, to go back, to recover, to rebound
約束 【やくそく】① arrangement, promise, appointment, pact, engagement ② convention, rule
探す 【さがす】to search (for something desired, needed), to look for
背 【せ】① back, spine ② reverse, rear side ③ height ④ ridge (of a mountain)
為 【ため】① good, advantage, benefit, welfare ② sake, purpose, objective, aim ③ consequence, result, effect ④ affecting, regarding, concerning
嘘 【うそ】lie, falsehood, incorrect fact
頑張る 【がんばる】to persist, to insist on, to stand firm, to try one's best
宜しい 【よろしい】good, OK, all right, fine, very well, will do, may, can
邪魔 【じゃま】hindrance, intrusion
致す 【いたす】to do
こう① in this way (used for something or someone close to the speaker, including the speaker himself, or for the opinions of the speaker), thus, such ② uh... (interjection used as a verbal pause)
それでand, thereupon, because of that
おかしいstrange, funny, amusing, ridiculous
しばらく① little while, short while, moment, instant ② a while, quite a time ③ it's been a long time
つもり① intention, plan ② conviction, belief
わけconclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard, reason, cause, meaning, circumstances, situation
ひどいcruel, awful, severe, very bad, serious, terrible, heavy, violent
お前 【おまえ】① you (masc) (formerly honorific, now sometimes derog. term referring to an equal or inferior) ② presence (of a god, nobleman, etc.)
ちゃんとperfectly, properly, exactly
だって① after all, because ② but, however ③ even, even if ④ too, as well, also ⑤ they say, I hear, you mean
なんかthings like ..., or something like that ... (often derogatory)
まあyou might say, Oh!, Wow!, Well!
金 【きん】① gold, golden (color), metaphor for (most) valuable, gold (medal, cup) ② money (written before an amount) ③ Friday ④ metal (fourth of the five elements) ⑤ Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE) ⑥ gold general (shogi) ⑦ karat, carat
人間 【にんげん】① human being, man, person ② character (of a person)
一生 【いっしょう】① whole life, a lifetime, all through life, one existence, a generation, an age, the whole world, the era ② (the only, the greatest, etc.) of one's life
食う 【くう】① to eat ② to live, to make a living, to survive ③ to bite, to sting (as insects do) ④ to tease, to torment, to taunt, to make light of, to make fun of ⑤ to encroach on, to eat into, to consume ⑥ to defeat a superior, to threaten a position ⑦ to consume time and-or resources ⑧ to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
何で 【なんで】① why?, what for? ② how?, by what means?
中 【ちゅう】① medium, average, middle ② moderation ③ middle school ④ China ⑤ in, out of (e.g. three out of ten people) ⑥ during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while
そんなにso much, so, like that
切れる 【きれる】① to cut well, to be sharp ② to break (off), to snap, to wear out ③ to be injured ④ to burst, to collapse ⑤ to be disconnected, to be out of, to expire, to sever (connections) with ⑥ to be shrewd, to have a sharp mind ⑦ to drop under (a certain figure), to beat (e.g. a time) ⑧ to flip, to lose one's temper ⑨ to be able to do completely
注目 【ちゅうもく】notice, attention, observation
立ち上がる 【たちあがる】① to stand up, to get up ② to rise ③ to recover ④ to take action, to start ⑤ to make the initial charge (in sumo)
計る 【はかる】① to measure, to weigh, to survey, to time (sound, gauge, estimate) ② to conjecture, to infer, to surmise
者 【しゃ】someone of that nature, someone doing that work
羽 【はね】① feather, plume, wing ② blade (fan, propeller, etc.)
教科書 【きょうかしょ】textbook, text book
禁止 【きんし】prohibition, inhibition, ban
区別 【くべつ】distinction, differentiation, classification
事情 【じじょう】circumstances, consideration, conditions, situation, reasons
取れる 【とれる】① to come off, to be removed ② (of pain, a fever, etc.) to disappear ③ to be caught, to be harvested ④ to be interpreted (as), to be taken as ⑤ (of balance, etc.) to be attained ⑥ to be obtainable
守る 【まもる】① to protect, to guard, to defend ② to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow
身 【み】① body ② oneself ③ one's place, one's position ④ main part, meat (as opposed to bone, skin, etc.), wood (as opposed to bark), blade (as opposed to its handle), container(as opposed to its lid)
進める 【すすめる】to advance, to promote, to hasten
数える 【かぞえる】to count, to enumerate
生き物 【いきもの】living thing, animal
全員 【ぜんいん】all members (unanimity), all hands, the whole crew, everyone, everybody
相手 【あいて】① companion, partner, company ② other party, addressee ③ opponent (sports, etc.)
追う 【おう】① to chase, to run after, to pursue ② to follow (i.e. a set order, a trend) ③ to drive out, to oust, to expel ④ to drive (i.e. a herd) ⑤ (in passive voice) to be pressed (for time, etc.)
頭 【とう】counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle)
馬 【うま】① horse ② promoted bishop (shogi)
不自由 【ふじゆう】① discomfort, inconvenience ② poverty, want, destitution ③ disability, impairment (physical, mental, etc.)
無事 【ぶじ】safety, peace, quietness
役 【やく】① use, service, role ② post, position ③ scoring combination (e.g. in mahjong, card games, etc.), hand
王 【おう】① king, ruler, sovereign, monarch ② king (for senior player) (shogi)
他 【た】other (esp. people and abstract matters)
奥 【おく】interior, inner part, inside
給料 【きゅうりょう】salary, wages
教師 【きょうし】teacher (classroom)
減る 【へる】to decrease (in size or number), to diminish, to abate
限る 【かぎる】to restrict, to limit, to confine
更に 【さらに】furthermore, again, after all, more and more, moreover
合格 【ごうかく】success, passing (e.g. exam), eligibility
辞める 【やめる】to resign, to retire, to quit, to leave (one's job, etc.)
集団 【しゅうだん】group, mass
笑い 【わらい】① laugh, laughter ② smile ③ sneer
象 【ぞう】elephant
職 【しょく】employment
責任 【せきにん】① duty, responsibility (incl. supervision of staff) ② liability, onus
絶対 【ぜったい】① absolutely, unconditionally ② absolute, unconditional, unmistakable ③ absoluteness
遅刻 【ちこく】lateness, late coming
努力 【どりょく】great effort, exertion, endeavour, endeavor, effort
怒鳴る 【どなる】to shout, to yell
任せる 【まかせる】① to entrust (e.g. a task) to another, to leave to ② to passively leave to someone else's facilities ③ to leave to take its natural course ④ to continue (something) in a natural fashion (without particular aim) ⑤ to rely fully on one's (full strength, great ability, long time taken) to get something done
破る 【やぶる】to tear, to violate, to defeat, to smash, to destroy, to break (e.g. password)
抜く 【ぬく】① to extract, to omit, to surpass, to overtake, to draw out, to unplug ② to do something to the end
販売 【はんばい】sales, selling, marketing
戻す 【もどす】to restore, to put back, to return, to give back
余計 【よけい】too much, unnecessary, extraneous, abundance, surplus, excess, superfluity
雇う 【やとう】① to employ ② to hire, to charter
案 【あん】① idea, plan, thought ② draft plan, motion, rough copy ③ expectation
我慢 【がまん】patience, endurance, perseverance, tolerance, self-control, self-denial
種 【しゅ】① kind, variety ② (biological) species ③ (logical) species
従う 【したがう】to abide (by the rules), to obey, to follow, to accompany
詳しい 【くわしい】knowing very well, detailed, full, accurate
冗談 【じょうだん】jest, joke
譲る 【ゆずる】to turn over, to assign, to hand over, to transmit, to convey, to sell, to dispose of, to yield, to surrender
侵入 【しんにゅう】penetration, invasion, raid, aggression, trespass
訴える 【うったえる】① to sue (a person), to take someone to court ② to resort to (e.g. arms, violence) ③ to appeal to, to call for ④ to raise, to bring to (someone's attention) ⑤ to complain
第 【だい】ordinal
釣り 【つり】① fishing, angling ② change (e.g. for a purchase)
やつ① (derog) fellow, guy, chap ② thing, object ③ (derogatory or familiar) he, she, him, her
拍手 【はくしゅ】clapping hands, applause
迫る 【せまる】to draw near, to press (someone for something)
文句 【もんく】① phrase ② complaint
免許 【めんきょ】license, permit, licence, certificate
黙る 【だまる】to be silent
俺 【おれ】(masc) I, me (rough or arrogant-sounding first-person pronoun, formerly also used by women)
よろしく① well, properly, suitably ② best regards, please remember me, please treat me favorably (favourably), please take care of
ごちそうさま① word used after one has been treated (esp. used after a meal) ② used after hearing something lovey-dovey
私 【あたし】I, me
まさに① exactly, surely, certainly ② just (about to), on the verge (of doing or happening) ③ duly, naturally
しゃべるto talk, to chat, to chatter
すぐ① immediately, at once, directly ② soon, before long, shortly ③ easily, without difficulty ④ right (near), nearby, just (handy)
諦める 【あきらめる】to give up, to abandon
鍋 【なべ】saucepan, pot
しかもmoreover, furthermore, nevertheless, and yet
ただ① ordinary, common, usual ② free of charge ③ unaffected, as is, safe ④ only, merely, just, simply ⑤ but, however, nevertheless
茹でる 【ゆでる】to boil
いやno, nay, well
かなりconsiderably, fairly, quite
小学生 【しょうがくせい】elementary school student, primary school student, grade school student
がる① to feel (on adj-stem to represent a third party's apparent emotion) ② to behave as if one were
よいしょ① (expression of) effort or strain, Yo-heave-ho! ② to butter up, to suck up to
はあ① yes, indeed, well ② ha! ③ what?, huh? ④ sigh
とくto do something in readiness for, to get something (needful) done
切れ 【きれ】① piece, slice, strip, scrap ② cloth ③ sharpness ④ counter for scraps, pieces, etc.
料 【りょう】material, charge, rate, fee
お早う 【おはよう】Good morning
館 【かん】house, hall, building
四角い 【しかくい】square, rectangular
日常 【にちじょう】ordinary, regular, everyday, usual
用語 【ようご】term, terminology
機関 【きかん】① engine ② agency, organisation, organization, institution, organ ③ system, facility, facilities
腰掛ける 【こしかける】to sit (down)
腰掛け 【こしかけ】seat, bench
刺身 【さしみ】sashimi (sliced raw fish)
児童 【じどう】children, juvenile
照る 【てる】to shine
略す 【りゃくす】① to abbreviate, to omit ② to take, to capture
勘違い 【かんちがい】misunderstanding, wrong guess
市場 【しじょう】(the) market (as a concept)
受け入れる 【うけいれる】to accept, to receive
載る 【のる】① to get on, to ride in, to board, to mount, to get up on ② to spread (paints), to be taken in ③ to share in, to join, to feel like doing, to be mentioned in, to be in harmony with ④ to appear (in print), to be recorded, to be found in (a dictionary)
惜しい 【おしい】① regrettable, disappointing ② precious, dear, valuable ③ too good for, deserving better ④ almost but not quite
包丁 【ほうちょう】kitchen knife, carving knife
面倒臭い 【めんどうくさい】bother(some) to do, tiresome
廊下 【ろうか】corridor
塊 【かたまり】lump, mass, bundle, clump, clod, cluster
悔しい 【くやしい】regrettable, mortifying, vexing
丼 【どんぶり】① porcelain bowl ② bowl of rice with food on top
ふざけるto romp, to gambol, to frolic, to joke, to make fun of, to flirt, to mess around, to screw around, to josh
ずるいsly, cunning, dishonest, sneaky, crafty
てっきりsurely, certainly, beyond doubt
でかいhuge, gargantuan
ひょっとpossibly, accidentally
扱い 【あつかい】treatment, service
叶える 【かなえる】to grant (request, wish)
慣れ 【なれ】practice, practise, experience
看護 【かんご】nursing, (army) nurse
強制 【きょうせい】obligation, coercion, compulsion, enforcement
脅す 【おどす】to threaten, to menace
愚痴 【ぐち】① idle complaint, grumble ② moha (ignorance, folly)
採用 【さいよう】① use, adoption, acceptance ② appointment, employment, engagement
塾 【じゅく】coaching school, cramming school, juku
勝手 【かって】① one's own convenience, one's way ② convenience or ease of use, knowledge of how to use ③ circumstances, situation (e.g. financial), environment ④ kitchen ⑤ arbitrary
上がり 【あがり】① ascent, rise, slope ② freshly-drawn green tea (esp. in sushi shops) ③ advance income, crop yield ④ death, spinning, completion, stop, finish ⑤ after (rain), ex (official, etc.) ⑥ (end) results (e.g. of crafts like painting, pottery, etc.), how something comes out
達者 【たっしゃ】skillful, in good health
描写 【びょうしゃ】depiction, description, portrayal
負担 【ふたん】burden, charge, responsibility
冷やかす 【ひやかす】① to banter, to make fun of, to jeer at ② to cool, to refrigerate
濯ぐ 【すすぐ】① to rinse, to wash out ② to have one's revenge, to wipe out a disgrace
著 【ちょ】① work, book ② (a book) by ③ obvious, striking
条 【じょう】① article (in document), provision ② stripe, streak, line
よしcommon reed (Phragmites australis)
ついでopportunity, occasion
ちょうsuper-, ultra-, hyper-, very, really (conversational)
むらunevenness, inconsistency, erraticness, irregularity
いやいやreluctantly, by no means, unwillingly
きっかけchance, start, cue, excuse, motive, impetus, occasion
わざわざexpressly, specially, doing something especially rather than incidentally
おい① hey!, oi! ② me
ほらlook!, look out!, look at me!
イン① in ② inn
ウエスト① waist ② west ③ waste
シック① chic ② sick ③ thick
スーパー① super ② supermarket ③ superimpose ④ superheterodyne ⑤ (film with) subtitles
フフgiggling sound, laugh, ha ha
ブラジャーbra, brassiere
レベル① level ② rebel ③ revel
後 【のち】① later, afterwards, since ② future ③ after one's death
今さら 【いまさら】now (after such a long time), at this late hour (i.e. it is too late for something)
上げ 【あげ】rise in price, making a tuck
川 【かわ】① river, stream ② the .... river, (suffix used with the names of rivers)
中国 【ちゅうごく】① China ② South-west most region of Honshu, middle of a country, the Hiroshima area
日本人 【にっぽんじん】Japanese person, Japanese people
八 【やつ】eight
すいませんexcuse me;
ううん① no ② er, well, ... ③ groan
アッoh, ah
ウッoof, ough, ulp
やる気 【やるき】willingness (e.g. to do something), eagerness, motivation, inspiration, determination, high aspirations
食わせる 【くわせる】① to feed ② to provide ③ to inflict ④ to cheat
ばあちゃんgranny, grandma, gran, female senior-citizen (familiar form of address)
ちゃうto do something completely
へえoh, yes?, really?
うふふchuckling, giggling
っぽい-ish, -like
かよsentence-ending particle expressing doubt
そりゃ① very, extremely ② that is
えっHuh?, What's up?
それthere! (used to call someone's attention to something)
れる① auxiliary verb indicating passive voice (inc. the "suffering passive") ② auxiliary verb indicating the potential form ③ auxiliary verb indicating spontaneous occurrence ④ auxiliary verb used as an honorific for others' actions
こう言う 【こういう】such, like this
教員 【きょういん】teaching staff
近づく 【ちかづく】to approach, to get near, to get acquainted with, to get closer
元 【もと】① origin, source ② base, foundation ③ cause ④ ingredient ⑤ (somebody's) side, (somebody's) location ⑥ original cost (or capital, principal, etc.) ⑦ trunk ⑧ first section of a waka ⑨ counter for blades of grass, tree trunks, etc., and for falcons (in falconry)
広東 【かんとん】① Guangdong (China), Kwangtung ② Guangzhou, Kwangchow, Canton (China)
仕切り 【しきり】partition, division, boundary, compartment, settlement of accounts, toeing the mark
出花 【でばな】first brew of tea
親方 【おやかた】① master ② coach in professional sumo
切り分ける 【きりわける】to cut up, to cut and discard, to eliminate systematically (in fault-finding), to isolate
そう言う 【そういう】such, like that, that sort of, very
早まる 【はやまる】to be hasty, to be rash
知れる 【しれる】to become known, to come to light, to be discovered
北京 【ぺきん】Beijing (China), Peking
立ち 【たち】stand
店 【てん】-store, -shop
使える 【つかえる】to be useful, to be serviceable
持ち出し 【もちだし】an item carried out, provide money (oneself)
姉 【ねえ】① used after the name of someone who is an older sister figure ② used with various honorifics to mean (older) sister
みる① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ to try ⑥ to see that..., to find that...
真顔 【まがお】serious look
体形 【たいけい】form, figure
大昔 【おおむかし】great antiquity, old-fashioned, long ago
本当 【ほんと】truth, reality
鼻血 【はなぢ】nosebleed
話し声 【はなしごえ】speaking voice, talking voice
受け 【うけ】① popularity, favour, favor, reception ② defense, defence, reputation ③ agreement ④ submissive partner of a homosexual relationship ⑤ receiver of technique (e.g. in martial arts)
目線 【めせん】① one's gaze ② from the point of view of
詰め 【つめ】① stuffing, packing ② end (esp. the foot of a bridge) ③ lowest-ranking guest at tea ceremony ④ tea master ⑤ endgame (esp. in shogi or used figuratively) ⑥ sweet eel sauce ⑦ appointment to a particular workplace ⑧ using as the sole ground of judgement (judgment) ⑨ (after the -masu stem of a verb) continuing, keep doing for period of time
競る 【せる】to compete, to bid, to sell at auction
最悪 【さいあく】the worst
初日 【しょにち】first or opening day
仲良く 【なかよく】making friends with, getting along well with, on cordial terms
あなたbeyond, across, the other side, the distance
不法 【ふほう】lawlessness, injustice, illegality, unlawfulness
連 【れん】① (taxonomical) tribe ② quinella (quiniela) ③ party, company, group ④ two reams (i.e. 1000 sheets of paper)
大将 【たいしょう】general, admiral, boss, leader
隅々 【すみずみ】every nook and corner
師 【し】① teacher, master, one's mentor ② religious leader ③ specialist
機 【き】① chance, opportunity ② machine ③ aircraft ④ counter for aircraft ⑤ counter for remaining lives (in video games)
お陰 【おかげ】(your) backing, assistance, thanks or owing to
おちょこ① small cup, sake cup ② cup-shaped
どういうsomehow, how, in what way, why, what kind of
一丁 【いっちょう】① one block (city) ② piece, an order
郷に入っては郷に従え 【ごうにいってはごうにしたがえ】when in Rome, do as the Romans do
御免なさい 【ごめんなさい】I beg your pardon, excuse me
蛇 【へび】① snake ② serpent, large snake
従える 【したがえる】① to be accompanied by ② to subdue
送還 【そうかん】sending home, repatriation, deportation
大雑把 【おおざっぱ】rough (as in not precise), broad, sketchy
中華 【ちゅうか】Chinese (e.g. food)
丁 【ちょう】① counter for sheets, pages, leaves, etc. ② counter for blocks of tofu, counter for servings in a restaurant ③ counter for long and narrow things such as guns, scissors, spades, hoes, inksticks, palanquins, candles, jinrikishas, shamisen, oars, etc. ④ even number ⑤ 109.09 m
釣り上げる 【つりあげる】① to raise, to lift, to hang up, to suspend ② to (artificially, deliberately) raise prices ③ to pull in (fish)
とるto take, to catch (fish), to capture
いく① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
すしsushi, anything made with vinegared rice (may also contain vegetables, spices, fish, or other delicacies)
とりあえずat once, first of all, for the time being, for now
またまた① again (and again), once again ② You're kidding!
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
嘉納 【かのう】accepting with pleasure
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
あんたyou (familiar form of anata)
かけるto suspend between two points, to build (a bridge, etc.), to put up on something (e.g. legs up on table)
かも① duck ② easy mark, sucker, sitting duck
失踪 【しっそう】absconding, disappearance
麺 【めん】noodles
ああ① Ah!, Oh!, Alas! ② Yes, Indeed, That is correct ③ Hey!, Yo! ④ Uh huh, Yeah yeah, Right, Gotcha
つるto cramp, to be cramped, to contract
すねshin, shank, lower leg
こいつthis fellow, this guy, this person
鮭 【さけ】① salmon (any fish of the family Salmonidae) ② chum salmon (Oncorhynchus keta)
わしI, me (used by elderly males)
ない① not (verb-negating suffix; may indicate question or invitation with rising intonation) ② emphatic suffix (used after the root of an adjective)