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Minna no Nihongo Intermediate I

Minna no Nihongo Chuukyuu Lesson 1-12


858 entriesCreated by Buch . — Last modified: 2014-07-19 04:44:40
お金 【おかね】money
そう① so, really, seeming ② (after masu stem and adj-stem) appearing that, seeming that, looking like, having the appearance of
もう① already, anymore ② soon, shortly ③ more, further, other, again ④ interjection used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation)
シャツshirt, singlet
ノート① notebook, copy-book, exercise book ② note ③ notebook PC
レストランrestaurant (esp. Western-style)
一 【いち】① one ② best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective follows)
一つ 【ひとつ】① one ② for one thing (often used in itemized lists) ③ (after a noun) only ④ (with a verb in negative form) (not) even ⑤ just (i.e. "just try it")
右 【みぎ】① right, right hand side ② afore-mentioned (esp. in vertical Japanese writing), foregoing, forgoing, above
花 【はな】① flower, blossom, bloom, petal ② blooming (esp. of cherry blossoms), cherry blossom ③ ikebana ④ Japanese playing cards ⑤ beauty ⑥ (the) best
学生 【がくせい】student (esp. a university student)
空 【そら】sky, the heavens
語 【ご】① language ② word
今 【いま】now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more
時間 【じかん】① time ② hours
出す 【だす】① to take out, to get out ② to put out, to reveal, to show ③ to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in ④ to publish, to make public ⑤ to send (e.g. letter) ⑥ to produce (a sound), to start (fire) ⑦ to serve (food) ⑧ to begin
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
出来る 【できる】① to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task ② to be ready, to be completed ③ to be made, to be built ④ to be good at, to be permitted (to do) ⑤ to become intimate, to take up (with somebody) ⑥ to grow, to be raised
人 【じん】① -ian (e.g. Italian, etc.) (attaches to name of country to denote nationality), -er (e.g. performer, etc.) (attaches to name of occupation) ② (usu. in compound words) man, person, people
先 【さき】① previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding ② point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle ③ head (of a line), front ④ ahead, the other side ⑤ the future, hereafter ⑥ destination ⑦ the other party
電話 【でんわ】telephone
道 【みち】① road, street, way, path, course, route, lane ② distance, ways (e.g. "a long ways") ③ the way (of proper conduct, etc.), one's way, morals ④ teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma ⑤ field (of medicine, etc.), subject ⑥ way, method, means
入る 【はいる】① to enter ② to break into ③ to join, to enroll ④ to contain, to hold, to accommodate ⑤ to have (an income of)
百 【ひゃく】100, hundred
名前 【なまえ】① name, full name ② given name, first name
来る 【くる】① to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive ② to come back, to do ... and come back ③ to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue ④ to come from, to be caused by, to derive from ⑤ to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
何 【なん】① what ② how many (some counter)
人 【ひと】① man, person ② human being, mankind, people ③ character, personality ④ man of talent, true man ⑤ other people ⑥ adult
目 【め】① eye, eyeball ② eyesight ③ look ④ experience ⑤ viewpoint ⑥ ordinal number suffix ⑦ somewhat, -ish
時 【じ】① hour, o'clock ② (specified) time, when ..., during ...
日 【にち】① Sunday ② day (of the month) ③ counter for days
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
暗い 【くらい】① dark, gloomy ② dark (in colour), dull ③ depressed, dispirited ④ sorrowful, bitter (as in a dark past) ⑤ unclear, unfamiliar, unknown
引く 【ひく】① to pull ② to draw (attention, etc.), to attract (interest, etc.) ③ to draw back ④ to draw (a card) ⑤ to draw (plan, line, etc.) ⑥ to catch (cold) ⑦ to play (string instr.) ⑧ to look up (e.g. dictionary), to consult ⑨ to haul, to pull (vehicles) ⑩ to subtract ⑪ to ebb, to fade ⑫ to descend (from), to inherit (a characteristic) ⑬ to quote, to raise (as evidence) ⑭ to lay (a cable), to draw (a cable)
遠い 【とおい】far, distant
音楽 【おんがく】music, musical movement
家族 【かぞく】family, members of a family
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
牛肉 【ぎゅうにく】beef
教室 【きょうしつ】classroom
元気 【げんき】health(y), robust, vigor, vigour, energy, vitality, vim, stamina, spirit, courage, pep
仕事 【しごと】① work, job, business, occupation, employment, vocation, task ② work
持つ 【もつ】① to hold, to carry ② to possess
時計 【とけい】watch, clock, timepiece
自分 【じぶん】① myself, yourself, oneself, himself, herself ② I, me
所 【ところ】① place, spot, scene, site ② address ③ district, area, locality ④ one's house ⑤ point ⑥ part ⑦ space, room ⑧ whereupon, as a result ⑨ (after present form of a verb) about to, on the verge of
声 【こえ】voice
切る 【きる】① to cut (usu. to cut through) ② to sever (connections, ties) ③ to turn off (i.e. the light) ④ to terminate (i.e. a conversation), to hang up (the phone), to disconnect ⑤ to punch (a ticket), to tear off (a stub) ⑥ to open (something sealed) ⑦ to start ⑧ to set (a limit) ⑨ to reduce, to decrease, to discount ⑩ to shake off (water, etc.), to let drip-dry (or drain) ⑪ to cross ⑫ to do (something noticeable) ⑬ to turn (a vehicle) ⑭ to cut (the ball) ⑮ to shuffle (cards) ⑯ to trump ⑰ (in Go) to isolate (an opponent's stone) ⑱ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to finish, to complete
多い 【おおい】many, numerous
同じ 【おなじ】① same, identical, equal, uniform, equivalent, similar, common (origin), changeless, alike ② (usu. part of a 'nara' conditional) anyway, anyhow, in either case
服 【ふく】① clothes (esp. Western clothes) ② counter for doses of medicine, gulps of tea, drags of a cigarette, etc.
勉強 【べんきょう】① study ② diligence ③ discount, reduction
方 【ほう】side, direction, way
明るい 【あかるい】① bright, colourful ② cheerful ③ familiar (with), knowledgeable (about) ④ fair (e.g. politics), clean
旅行 【りょこう】travel, trip
料理 【りょうり】① cooking, cookery, cuisine ② dealing with something, handling, administration, management
明日 【あした】tomorrow
家庭 【かてい】home, family, household
言葉 【ことば】① language, dialect ② word, words, phrase, term, expression, remark ③ speech, (manner of) speaking
向こう 【むこう】① opposite side, other side, opposite direction ② over there, that way, far away, beyond ③ the other party, the other person ④ future (starting now)
取る 【とる】① to take, to pick up, to harvest, to earn, to choose ② to steal ③ to eat, to have (a meal) ④ to remove (one's glasses, etc.)
酒 【さけ】alcohol, sake
消える 【きえる】to go out, to vanish, to disappear
飛ぶ 【とぶ】to fly, to soar
豚肉 【ぶたにく】pork
部屋 【へや】① room ② sumo stable
文章 【ぶんしょう】① sentence, article, composition ② (writing) style
無い 【ない】① nonexistent, not being (there) ② unpossessed, unowned, not had ③ unique ④ indicates negation, inexperience, unnecessariness or impossibility ⑤ (after the ren'youkei form of an adjective) not ... ⑥ (after the -te form of a verb) to not be..., to have not ...
留学生 【りゅうがくせい】overseas student, exchange student
側 【がわ】① side (of something, or taking someone's side), part ② (watch) case
丸い 【まるい】① round, circular, spherical ② harmonious, calm
お菓子 【おかし】confections, sweets, candy
過ぎ 【すぎ】① past, after ② too (much), over (e.g. eating)
困る 【こまる】to be troubled, to be worried, to be bothered, to be embarrassed, to be stumped
辞書 【じしょ】dictionary, lexicon
授業 【じゅぎょう】lesson, class work
遅い 【おそい】① slow ② late (e.g. "late at night") ③ too late
必要 【ひつよう】① necessary, needed, essential, indispensable ② necessity, need, requirement
枚 【まい】counter for flat objects (e.g. sheets of paper)
ごろ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
余り 【あまり】① remainder, rest, balance, remains, scraps, residue, remnant ② not very (with negative sentence), not much ③ surplus, excess, fullness, too much ④ overjoyed, overwhelmed ⑤ more than, over
丁度 【ちょうど】just, right, exactly
立派 【りっぱ】splendid, fine, handsome, elegant, imposing, prominent, legal, legitimate
風邪 【かぜ】cold (illness), common cold
嫌 【いや】disagreeable, detestable, unpleasant, reluctant
良い 【よい】① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
その① that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the ② um..., er..., uh...
それ① that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it ② that time, then
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
いくつ① how many? ② how old?
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
またagain, and, also, still (doing something)
よう① (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) appearing ..., looking ... ② (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) way to ..., method of ...ing ③ (usu. after a noun) form, style, design ④ (usu. after a noun) like, similar to ⑤ thing (thought or spoken)
つけるto turn on, to switch on, to light up
どのwhich, what (way)
そこ① there (place relatively near listener) ② there (place just mentioned), that place ③ then (of some incident just spoken of), that (of point just raised)
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
アルバイト① part-time job, side job ② albite
タイプ① type, kind, sort, style ② typewriter, typing
ベル① bell ② bel, B
以下 【いか】① not exceeding, and downward, ... and below ② below (e.g. standard), under (e.g. a level) ③ the below-mentioned, the following, the rest
以外 【いがい】with the exception of, excepting
以上 【いじょう】① not less than, ... and more, ... and upwards ② beyond ... (e.g. one's means), further (e.g. nothing further to say), more than ... (e.g. cannot pay more than that) ③ above-mentioned, foregoing ④ since ..., seeing that ... ⑤ this is all, that is the end, the end
員 【いん】member
運転 【うんてん】operation, motion, driving
運動 【うんどう】motion, exercise
会 【かい】① meeting, assembly, party ② association, club
気 【き】① spirit, mind, heart ② nature, disposition ③ motivation, intention ④ mood, feelings ⑤ atmosphere, essence
急 【きゅう】① urgent, sudden, abrupt ② sharp, steep, precipitous ③ rapid, swift, fast ④ emergency, crisis ⑤ hurrying, haste ⑥ (in gagaku or noh) end of a song
計画 【けいかく】plan, project, schedule, scheme, program, programme
見える 【みえる】① to be seen, to be in sight ② to look, to seem, to appear ③ to come
見物 【けんぶつ】sightseeing, sightseer, watching, watcher
高校生 【こうこうせい】senior high school student
時代 【じだい】① period, epoch, era, age ② the times, those days ③ oldness, ancientness, antiquity ④ antique, period piece
社会 【しゃかい】society, public
少年 【しょうねん】boys, juveniles
場合 【ばあい】case, situation
世界 【せかい】the world, society, the universe
生きる 【いきる】to live, to exist
送る 【おくる】① to send (a thing), to dispatch, to despatch ② to take or escort (a person somewhere), to see off (a person) ③ to bid farewell (to the departed), to bury ④ to spend (time), to live one's life ⑤ to pass (down the line) ⑥ to affix okurigana
店員 【てんいん】shop assistant, employee, clerk, salesperson
入学 【にゅうがく】entry to school or university, matriculation
別 【べつ】distinction, difference, different, another, particular, separate, extra, exception
用 【よう】① task, business ② use, duty, service ③ call of nature, excretion
立てる 【たてる】① to stand (something) up, to erect (something) ② to make (a noise, a sound) ③ to put (tooth, claw, pointed object) to ④ to set (a plan, etc.), to decide (objective, schedule)
音 【おと】① sound, noise, report ② note (music) ③ fame
乗り物 【のりもの】vehicle
代 【だい】① charge, cost, price ② generation, age, reign ③ (geological) era ④ (after someone's name or title) a representative of, on behalf of, for (someone) ⑤ used after a phone number to indicate that it is a switchboard number ⑥ counter for decades of ages, eras, etc. ⑦ counter for generations (of inheritors to a throne, etc.) ⑧ proxy application company
安全 【あんぜん】① safety ② security
雲 【くも】cloud
客 【きゃく】① guest, visitor ② customer, client, shopper, spectator, audience, tourist, sightseer, passenger
泣く 【なく】to cry, to weep, to sob, to howl
近所 【きんじょ】neighbourhood, neighborhood
血 【ち】blood, consanguinity
湖 【みずうみ】lake
お礼 【おれい】thanking, expression of gratitude
指 【ゆび】finger, toe, digit
自由 【じゆう】freedom, liberty, as it pleases you
受ける 【うける】① to receive, to accept, to get, to inherit ② to catch (e.g. a ball), to parry (e.g. a blow), to take (lesson, test, damage), to sustain (damage), to incur (loss) ③ to become popular, to be well-received, to go down well
焼く 【やく】① to bake, to grill ② to develop (photos) ③ to suntan ④ to burn (in flames, down, CD, DVD, etc.), to scorch ⑤ to be jealous, to be envious
森 【もり】① forest ② shrine grove
深い 【ふかい】deep, profound, thick, close
生活 【せいかつ】living, life (one's daily existence), livelihood
線 【せん】line (also telephone, railway), wire, beam
虫 【むし】insect, bug, cricket, moth, worm
反対 【はんたい】opposition, resistance, antagonism, hostility, contrast, objection, dissension, reverse, opposite, vice versa
美しい 【うつくしい】beautiful, lovely
鳴る 【なる】to sound, to ring, to resound, to echo, to roar, to rumble
留守 【るす】① absence, being away from home ② house-sitting, house-sitter ③ being left unattended to (of one's studies, etc.), neglecting
例えば 【たとえば】for example, e.g.
決まる 【きまる】① to be decided, to be settled ② to look good in (clothes)
島 【とう】island (in placenames)
湖 【こ】lake (in place names)
案内 【あんない】① information, guidance, leading ② to guide, to show (around), to conduct
引っ越す 【ひっこす】to move (house), to change residence
関係 【かんけい】relation, connection
危険 【きけん】① danger, peril, hazard ② dangerous, hazardous
喜ぶ 【よろこぶ】① to be delighted, to be glad, to be pleased ② to congratulate ③ to gratefully accept
競争 【きょうそう】① competition, contest ② to compete
差し上げる 【さしあげる】① to give, to offer ② to lift up, to hold up, to raise
最後 【さいご】① last, end, conclusion ② (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga") no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences)
済む 【すむ】① to finish, to end, to be completed ② to merely result in something less severe than expected ③ to feel at ease ④ (neg) to feel unease or guilt for troubling someone, to be sorry
残念 【ざんねん】deplorable, bad luck, regret, disappointment
市民 【しみん】citizen, townspeople
失礼 【しつれい】① discourtesy, impoliteness ② Excuse me, Goodbye ③ to leave ④ to be rude
招待 【しょうたい】invitation
畳 【たたみ】tatami mat (Japanese straw floor coverings)
専門 【せんもん】speciality, specialty, subject of study, expert
戦争 【せんそう】war
怒る 【おこる】① to get angry, to get mad ② to tell someone off, to scold ③ to be angular, to be square
盗む 【ぬすむ】to steal
比べる 【くらべる】① to compare, to make a comparison ② to compete, to vie
付く 【つく】① to be attached, to be connected with, to adhere, to stick, to cling ② to remain imprinted, to scar, to stain, to dye ③ to bear (fruit, interest, etc.) ④ to be acquired (of a habit, ability, etc.), to increase (of strength, etc.) ⑤ to take root ⑥ to accompany, to attend, to follow, to study with ⑦ to side with, to belong to ⑧ to possess, to haunt ⑨ to be lit, to be lighted ⑩ to be settled, to be resolved, to be decided ⑪ to be given (of a name, price, etc.) ⑫ to be sensed, to be perceived ⑬ to be lucky ⑭ (after -masu stems, onomatopoeic and mimetic words) to become (a state, condition, etc.)
普通 【ふつう】① general, ordinary, usual ② normally, generally, usually ③ train that stops at every station
眠る 【ねむる】① to sleep (not necessarily lying down) ② to die
連絡 【れんらく】① to contact, to get in touch ② contacting, getting in touch, communication, call, message ③ connection, coordination, junction ④ intercalary, intercalaris, internuncial
腕 【うで】① arm ② skill
頂く 【いただく】① to receive, to get, to accept, to take, to buy ② to eat, to drink ③ to be crowned with, to wear (on one's head), to have (on top) ④ to have (as one's leader), to live under (a ruler), to install (a president)
嘘 【うそ】lie, falsehood, incorrect fact
驚く 【おどろく】to be surprised, to be astonished
先輩 【せんぱい】senior (at work or school), superior, elder, older graduate, progenitor, old-timer
注射 【ちゅうしゃ】injection
やっぱりalso, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
いじめるto tease, to torment, to persecute, to chastise
ごみrubbish, trash, garbage, refuse
またはor, otherwise
しっかりfirmly, tightly, reliable, level-headed, steady
髭 【ひげ】① moustache, beard, whiskers ② extremely short pulse appearing on an electrical signal
うっかりcarelessly, thoughtlessly, inadvertently
お前 【おまえ】① you (masc) (formerly honorific, now sometimes derog. term referring to an equal or inferior) ② presence (of a god, nobleman, etc.)
きつい① intense, severe, hard ② determined, forceful, formidable ③ strong ④ tight, close
ぐっすりsound asleep, fast asleep
さっぱり① feeling refreshed, feeling relieved ② neat, trimmed ③ plain, simple ④ completely, entirely ⑤ not in the least (in sentence with negative verb), not at all ⑥ completely ignorant, not doing at all
しつこいinsistent, obstinate
そっくりall, altogether, entirely, just like, the spitting image of
どんどん① drumming (noise) ② rapidly, steadily
どんなにhow, how much
のんびりcarefree, at leisure
やって来る 【やってくる】to come along, to come around, to turn up
何とか 【なんとか】① something, something or other, so-and-so ② somehow, anyhow, one way or another
学ぶ 【まなぶ】to study (in depth), to learn, to take lessons in
金 【きん】① gold, golden (color), metaphor for (most) valuable, gold (medal, cup) ② money (written before an amount) ③ Friday ④ metal (fourth of the five elements) ⑤ Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE) ⑥ gold general (shogi) ⑦ karat, carat
今後 【こんご】from now on, hereafter
左右 【さゆう】① left and right ② influence, control, domination
週 【しゅう】week
上 【じょう】① from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of ② aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above ③ first volume (e.g. book) ④ superior quality, best, top, high class ⑤ going up ⑥ governmental, imperial ⑦ presenting, showing
人間 【にんげん】① human being, man, person ② character (of a person)
人生 【じんせい】(human) life (i.e. conception to death)
大した 【たいした】considerable, great, important, significant, a big deal
分ける 【わける】to divide, to separate, to make distinctions, to differentiate (between)
友人 【ゆうじん】friend
話しかける 【はなしかける】to accost a person, to talk (to someone)
一生 【いっしょう】① whole life, a lifetime, all through life, one existence, a generation, an age, the whole world, the era ② (the only, the greatest, etc.) of one's life
分かれる 【わかれる】① to branch, to fork, to diverge ② to separate, to split, to divide ③ to disperse, to scatter
中 【ちゅう】① medium, average, middle ② moderation ③ middle school ④ China ⑤ in, out of (e.g. three out of ten people) ⑥ during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while
社 【しゃ】① company, association, society ② regional Chinese god of the earth (or a village built in its honour) ③ counter for companies, shrines, etc.
間 【かん】① interval, period of time ② among, between, inter-
大 【だい】① the large part of ② big, large, great ③ approximate size, no larger than ④ -university ⑤ large (e.g. serving size), loud (e.g. volume setting)
生 【せい】① life, living ② I, me, myself
一方 【いっぽう】① one (esp. of two), the other, one way, the other way, one direction, the other direction, one side, the other side, one party, the other party ② on the one hand, on the other hand ③ whereas, although, but at the same time, meanwhile, in turn ④ (after noun, adjective-stem or plain verb) just keeps, being inclined to ..., tending to be ..., tending to do ..., continuously ..., just keeps on ...ing, only
家事 【かじ】① housework, domestic chores ② family affairs, household matters
学者 【がくしゃ】scholar
学習 【がくしゅう】study, learning, tutorial
後者 【こうしゃ】the latter
行動 【こうどう】action, conduct, behaviour, behavior, mobilization, mobilisation
作家 【さっか】author, writer, novelist, artist
作業 【さぎょう】work, operation, manufacturing, fatigue duty
使用 【しよう】use, application, employment, utilization, utilisation
室 【しつ】① room ② Chinese "Encampment" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
出来事 【できごと】incident, affair, happening, event
親しい 【したしい】intimate, close (e.g. friend)
世の中 【よのなか】society, the world, the times
切れる 【きれる】① to cut well, to be sharp ② to break (off), to snap, to wear out ③ to be injured ④ to burst, to collapse ⑤ to be disconnected, to be out of, to expire, to sever (connections) with ⑥ to be shrewd, to have a sharp mind ⑦ to drop under (a certain figure), to beat (e.g. a time) ⑧ to flip, to lose one's temper ⑨ to be able to do completely
前者 【ぜんしゃ】the former
地 【ち】① earth, ground, land, soil ② place ③ territory ④ bottom (of a package, book, etc.) ⑤ earth (one of the five elements)
動かす 【うごかす】① to move, to shift, to operate, to set in motion, to mobilize, to mobilise ② to inspire, to rouse, to move (e.g. feeling), to influence ③ to deny, to change
発車 【はっしゃ】departure of a vehicle
不安 【ふあん】anxiety, uneasiness, insecurity, suspense
父親 【ちちおや】father
文 【ぶん】sentence, text
歩道 【ほどう】footpath, walkway, sidewalk
味わう 【あじわう】to taste, to savor, to relish
料金 【りょうきん】fee, charge, fare
少女 【しょうじょ】young lady, little girl, virgin, maiden, daughter
転ぶ 【ころぶ】to fall down, to fall over
空く 【すく】① to become less crowded, to thin out, to get empty ② to be hungry
少なくとも 【すくなくとも】at least
建つ 【たつ】to be erected, to be built
者 【しゃ】someone of that nature, someone doing that work
横断 【おうだん】① crossing ② transverse
屋根 【やね】roof
加える 【くわえる】to append, to sum up, to add (up), to include, to increase, to inflict
感じる 【かんじる】to feel, to sense, to experience
感心 【かんしん】admiration, Well done!
感動 【かんどう】being deeply moved emotionally, excitement, passion, deep emotion, impression
観光 【かんこう】sightseeing
丸 【まる】① circle ② full (e.g. month, day, etc.) ③ perfection, purity ④ suffix for ship names
期間 【きかん】period, term, interval
期待 【きたい】expectation, anticipation, hope
気温 【きおん】atmospheric temperature
記事 【きじ】article, news story, report, account
記者 【きしゃ】reporter
逆 【ぎゃく】① reverse, opposite ② converse (of a hypothesis, etc.)
教科書 【きょうかしょ】textbook, text book
苦しい 【くるしい】painful, difficult
苦手 【にがて】poor (at), weak (in), dislike (of)
欠点 【けってん】faults, defect, weakness
合わせる 【あわせる】① to match (rhythm, speed, etc.) ② to join together, to unite, to combine, to add up ③ to face, to be opposite (someone) ④ to compare, to check with ⑤ to cause to meet (e.g. an unpleasant fate) ⑥ to place together, to connect, to overlap ⑦ to mix, to combine ⑧ to put blade to blade, to fight
今回 【こんかい】now, this time, lately
参加 【さんか】participation
指す 【さす】① to point ② to nominate, to select someone, to specify some person ③ to identify, to indicate, to point out
事情 【じじょう】circumstances, consideration, conditions, situation, reasons
自身 【じしん】by oneself, personally
自然 【しぜん】① nature, spontaneity ② naturally, spontaneously
式 【しき】① equation, formula, expression ② ceremony ③ style
取り消す 【とりけす】to cancel, to revoke
取れる 【とれる】① to come off, to be removed ② (of pain, a fever, etc.) to disappear ③ to be caught, to be harvested ④ to be interpreted (as), to be taken as ⑤ (of balance, etc.) to be attained ⑥ to be obtainable
守る 【まもる】① to protect, to guard, to defend ② to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow
手術 【しゅじゅつ】surgical operation
首都 【しゅと】capital city, metropolis
助ける 【たすける】to help, to save, to rescue, to give relief to, to spare (life), to reinforce, to promote, to abet
商品 【しょうひん】commodity, article of commerce, goods, stock, merchandise
身長 【しんちょう】height (of body), stature
進める 【すすめる】to advance, to promote, to hasten
正確 【せいかく】accurate, punctual, exact, authentic, veracious
選手 【せんしゅ】player (in game), team member
全く 【まったく】① really, truly, entirely, completely, wholly, perfectly ② indeed ③ good grief (expression of exasperation)
全員 【ぜんいん】all members (unanimity), all hands, the whole crew, everyone, everybody
全体 【ぜんたい】whole, entirety, whatever (is the matter)
対 【たい】① opposite, opposition ② versus, vs ③ to (i.e. "we won the game five to three") ④ equal footing, equal terms ⑤ against ..., anti-, toward ..., to ...
代表 【だいひょう】representative, representation, delegation, type, example, model
単なる 【たんなる】mere, simple, sheer
断る 【ことわる】① to refuse, to reject, to dismiss, to turn down, to decline ② to inform, to give notice, to tell in advance ③ to ask leave, to excuse oneself (from)
地球 【ちきゅう】the earth, the globe
中央 【ちゅうおう】centre, central, center, middle
通じる 【つうじる】to run to, to lead to, to communicate, to understand, to be well-informed
的 【てき】-like, typical
登山 【とざん】mountain climbing
都会 【とかい】city
都市 【とし】town, city, municipal, urban
当たる 【あたる】① to be hit, to strike ② to touch, to be in contact, to be affixed ③ to be equivalent to, to be applicable, to apply to ④ to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.) ⑤ to be selected (in a lottery, etc.), to win ⑥ to be successful, to go well, to be a hit ⑦ to face, to confront ⑧ to lie (in the direction of) ⑨ to undertake, to be assigned ⑩ to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.), to be afflicted ⑪ to be called upon (by the teacher) ⑫ to treat (esp. harshly), to lash out at ⑬ to be unnecessary ⑭ (in baseball) to be hitting well, to be on a hitting streak ⑮ (in fishing) to feel a bite ⑯ (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised, to spoil ⑰ to feel (something) out, to probe into, to check (i.e. by comparison) ⑱ to shave
当てる 【あてる】① to hit ② to expose ③ to apply (e.g. patch) ④ to allot, to call on someone (e.g. in class) ⑤ to guess (an answer) ⑥ to make a hit (e.g. in a lottery)
道路 【どうろ】road, highway
能力 【のうりょく】ability, faculty
発表 【はっぴょう】announcement, publication
犯人 【はんにん】offender, criminal
費用 【ひよう】cost, expense
表 【ひょう】table (e.g. Tab 1), chart, list
部分 【ぶぶん】portion, section, part
平等 【びょうどう】equality, impartiality, evenness
平和 【へいわ】peace, harmony
辺り 【あたり】① on the bank of, by the side of (e.g. a river, pond) ② (in the) neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity, nearby
本物 【ほんもの】genuine article
命 【いのち】(mortal) life
迷う 【まよう】① to lose one's way ② to waver, to hesitate, to be of two minds over, to be puzzled, to be perplexed ③ to give into temptation, to lose control of oneself ④ to turn in one's grave
迷子 【まいご】lost (stray) child
目指す 【めざす】to aim at, to have an eye on
理想 【りそう】ideal, dream
流れる 【ながれる】to stream, to flow (liquid, time, etc.), to run (ink), to be washed away
量 【りょう】quantity, amount, volume, portion (of food)
話し合う 【はなしあう】to discuss, to talk together
乗客 【じょうきゃく】passenger
数 【すう】① several, a number of ② number, numeral, figure ③ destiny, fate ④ law
面 【めん】① face ② mask, face guard ③ (in kendo) striking the head ④ surface (esp. a geometrical surface) ⑤ page ⑥ aspect, facet, side ⑦ chamfer ⑧ counter for broad, flat objects, levels or stages, e.g. in a video game
例 【れい】① custom, practice, habit, usual ② said, aforementioned ③ instance, example, case, illustration, usage ④ precedent ⑤ annual
表す 【あらわす】① to reveal, to show, to display ② to express ③ to represent, to signify, to stand for ④ to make widely known
様々 【さまざま】varied, various
幸せ 【しあわせ】happiness, good fortune, luck, blessing
次々 【つぎつぎ】in succession, one by one
引き受ける 【ひきうける】① to be responsible for ② to take over, to take up ③ to guarantee, to undertake ④ to contract (a disease)
化 【か】action of making something, -ification
愛する 【あいする】to love
意識 【いしき】① consciousness ② awareness, sense ③ mano-vijnana (mental consciousness, cognizer of sensory information)
印象 【いんしょう】impression
延期 【えんき】postponement, adjournment
過去 【かこ】the past, bygone days, the previous
快適 【かいてき】pleasant, agreeable, comfortable
覚める 【さめる】① to wake, to wake up ② to become sober, to sober up, to regain consciousness (e.g. after anaesthesia) ③ to come to one's senses, to be disillusioned
乾燥 【かんそう】dry, arid, insipid, dehydrated
完成 【かんせい】① complete, completion ② perfection, accomplishment
患者 【かんじゃ】(a) patient
観察 【かんさつ】observation, survey
関心 【かんしん】concern, interest
含む 【ふくむ】① to contain, to comprise, to have, to hold, to include, to embrace ② to hold in the mouth ③ to bear in mind, to understand, to harbor (grudge, etc.), to harbour ④ to express (emotion, etc.), to imply
願う 【ねがう】① to desire, to wish, to hope ② to beg, to request, to implore, to pray ③ to have something done for oneself
機能 【きのう】function, facility, faculty, feature
気候 【きこう】climate
居間 【いま】living room (western style)
共通 【きょうつう】① commonness, community ② -wide
恐ろしい 【おそろしい】terrible, dreadful
苦労 【くろう】troubles, hardships
掘る 【ほる】to dig, to excavate
傾向 【けいこう】tendency, trend, inclination
景気 【けいき】condition, state, business (condition)
芸術 【げいじゅつ】(fine) art, the arts
肩 【かた】shoulder
減らす 【へらす】to abate, to decrease, to diminish, to shorten
現在 【げんざい】now, current, present, present time, as of
現実 【げんじつ】reality
個人 【こじん】individual, private person, personal, private
呼吸 【こきゅう】① breath, respiration ② knack, trick, secret (of doing something)
枯れる 【かれる】to wither (plant), to be blasted, to die
誤解 【ごかい】misunderstanding
広告 【こうこく】advertisement
更に 【さらに】furthermore, again, after all, more and more, moreover
講演 【こうえん】lecture, address, speech
差別 【さべつ】discrimination, distinction, differentiation
最も 【もっとも】most, extremely
最高 【さいこう】highest, supreme, the most
事件 【じけん】event, affair, incident, case, plot, trouble, scandal
似合う 【にあう】to suit, to match, to become, to be like
湿気 【しっけ】moisture, humidity, dampness
実現 【じつげん】implementation (e.g. of a system), materialization, materialisation, realization, realisation
実際 【じっさい】① practicality, practical ② reality, actuality, actual conditions ③ bhutakoti (limit of reality)
住宅 【じゅうたく】residence, housing, residential building
出席 【しゅっせき】① attendance, presence, appearance ② to attend, to be present, to appear
述べる 【のべる】to state, to express, to mention
順 【じゅん】order, turn
順番 【じゅんばん】turn (in line), order of things, sequential order
床 【ゆか】① floor ② stage (for the narrator and the shamisen player) ③ dining platform built across a river
城 【しろ】castle
常識 【じょうしき】common knowledge, conventional wisdom, general knowledge, common sense
伸びる 【のびる】① to stretch, to extend, to lengthen, to spread ② to make progress, to grow (beard, body height) ③ to grow stale (soba) ④ to be straightened, to be flattened, to be smoothed ⑤ to be exhausted ⑥ to be postponed, to be prolonged
震える 【ふるえる】to shiver, to shake, to quake, to tremble, to quaver, to quiver
制度 【せいど】system, institution, organization, organisation
性 【せい】① nature (of a person) ② sex ③ gender ④ -ty (suffix indicating quality or condition), -ity, -ness
性格 【せいかく】character, personality
積もる 【つもる】① to pile up, to accumulate ② to estimate
対象 【たいしょう】target, object (of worship, study, etc.), subject (of taxation, etc.)
担当 【たんとう】(in) charge (of an area of responsibility, but not necessarily supervision of staff)
地域 【ちいき】area, region
仲間 【なかま】company, fellow, colleague, associate, comrade, mate, group, circle of friends, partner
調査 【ちょうさ】investigation, examination, inquiry, enquiry, survey
努力 【どりょく】great effort, exertion, endeavour, endeavor, effort
内容 【ないよう】subject, contents, matter, substance, detail, import
南極 【なんきょく】① South Pole ② the Antarctic, Antarctica
認める 【みとめる】① to recognize, to recognise, to appreciate ② to observe, to notice ③ to admit, to approve
否定 【ひてい】① negation, denial, repudiation ② NOT operation
非常 【ひじょう】emergency, extraordinary, unusual
必ずしも 【かならずしも】(not) always, (not) necessarily, (not) all, (not) entirely
表現 【ひょうげん】① expression, presentation ② representation, notation
不思議 【ふしぎ】wonder, miracle, strange, mystery, marvel, curiosity
付ける 【つける】① to attach, to join, to add, to append, to affix, to stick, to glue, to fasten, to sew on, to apply (ointment) ② to furnish (a house with) ③ to wear, to put on ④ to keep a diary, to make an entry ⑤ to appraise, to set (a price) ⑥ to bring alongside ⑦ to place (under guard or doctor) ⑧ to follow, to shadow ⑨ to load, to give (courage to) ⑩ to keep (an eye on) ⑪ to establish (relations or understanding) ⑫ to turn on (light)
普段 【ふだん】usual, habitual, ordinary, everyday, always
腹 【はら】① abdomen, belly, stomach ② one's mind, one's real intentions, one's true motive ③ loop (physics) ④ counter for hard roe
閉じる 【とじる】to close (e.g. book, eyes, meeting, etc.), to shut
変更 【へんこう】change, modification, alteration, revision, amendment
暮らし 【くらし】living, livelihood, subsistence, circumstances
暮らす 【くらす】① to live, to get along ② to spend (time)
報告 【ほうこく】report, information
豊か 【ゆたか】abundant, wealthy, plentiful, rich, affluent
未来 【みらい】① the future (usually distant) ② future tense ③ the world to come
与える 【あたえる】① to give (esp. to someone of lower status), to bestow, to grant, to confer, to present, to award ② to provide, to afford, to offer, to supply ③ to assign ④ to cause ⑤ to pass (a variable to a function)
零す 【こぼす】① to spill ② to grumble
恋 【こい】love, tender passion
台詞 【せりふ】speech, words, one's lines, remarks
夫婦 【ふうふ】married couple, spouses, husband and wife, couple, pair
平均 【へいきん】① average, mean ② balance, equilibrium
位置 【いち】place, situation, position, location
寄付 【きふ】contribution, donation
郵便 【ゆうびん】mail, postal service
追いかける 【おいかける】to chase, to run after, to pursue
悪戯 【いたずら】tease, prank, trick, practical joke, mischief
宇宙 【うちゅう】universe, cosmos, space
影響 【えいきょう】influence, effect
栄養 【えいよう】nutrition, nourishment
遠慮 【えんりょ】diffidence, restraint, reserve, discretion, tact, thoughtfulness
温暖 【おんだん】warmth
価値 【かち】value, worth, merit
歓迎 【かんげい】welcome, reception
環境 【かんきょう】environment, circumstance
企業 【きぎょう】enterprise, undertaking, corporation, business
記憶 【きおく】① memory, recollection, remembrance ② storage
輝く 【かがやく】to shine, to glitter, to sparkle
鬼 【おに】① ogre, demon ② spirit of a deceased person ③ ogre-like person (i.e. fierce, relentless, merciless, etc.) ④ it (i.e. in a game of tag) ⑤ Chinese "ghost" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
教授 【きょうじゅ】① professor ② teaching, instruction
結果 【けっか】① result, consequence, outcome, effect ② coming to fruition, bearing fruit
結局 【けっきょく】after all, eventually, in the end
検査 【けんさ】inspection (e.g. customs, factory), examination, scan (e.g. MRI, PET, etc.)
慌てる 【あわてる】① to become confused (disconcerted, disorganized, disorganised), to be flustered, to panic ② to be in a hurry, to rush
資源 【しげん】resources
自慢 【じまん】pride, boast
芝居 【しばい】play, drama
種 【しゅ】① kind, variety ② (biological) species ③ (logical) species
就職 【しゅうしょく】finding employment, inauguration
修理 【しゅうり】repairing, mending, servicing
渋滞 【じゅうたい】congestion (e.g. traffic), delay, stagnation
瞬間 【しゅんかん】moment, second, instant
挙げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to show someone (into a room) ③ to send someone (away) ④ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑤ to praise ⑥ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑦ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑧ to arrest ⑨ to nominate ⑩ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding)
上司 【じょうし】superior authorities, boss
冗談 【じょうだん】jest, joke
条件 【じょうけん】condition, conditions, term, terms, requirement, requirements
譲る 【ゆずる】to turn over, to assign, to hand over, to transmit, to convey, to sell, to dispose of, to yield, to surrender
振る 【ふる】① to wave, to shake, to swing ② to sprinkle, to throw (dice) ③ to cast (actor), to allocate (work) ④ to turn down (somebody), to reject, to jilt, to dump ⑤ to abandon, to give up, to ruin ⑥ to add kana indicating a reading of a word ⑦ to slightly change headings, to change directions ⑧ to extract by broiling, to prepare an infusion of, to decoct ⑨ to carry with great vigor (e.g. a portable shrine) ⑩ to bring up the main topic ⑪ to replace, to substitute ⑫ to set up a joke for somebody else
推薦 【すいせん】recommendation
酔う 【よう】to get drunk, to become intoxicated
世紀 【せいき】century, era
清潔 【せいけつ】① clean, hygenic, sanitary ② pure, virtuous, immaculate
製造 【せいぞう】manufacture, production
製品 【せいひん】manufactured goods, finished goods, product
第 【だい】ordinal
奪う 【うばう】to snatch away, to dispossess, to steal
誕生 【たんじょう】birth, creation, formation
抵抗 【ていこう】electrical resistance, resistance, opposition
提案 【ていあん】proposal, proposition, suggestion
伝統 【でんとう】tradition, convention
投票 【とうひょう】voting, poll
同僚 【どうりょう】coworker, colleague, associate
特徴 【とくちょう】feature, trait, characteristic, pecularity
俳優 【はいゆう】actor, actress, player, performer
発展 【はってん】① development, growth, advancement, unfurling ② expansion, extension, enlargement ③ playing around, having an active sex life
敷く 【しく】① to spread out, to lay out ② to take a position ③ to impose widely (e.g. over a city)
文句 【もんく】① phrase ② complaint
魅力 【みりょく】charm, fascination, glamour, glamor, attraction, appeal
迷惑 【めいわく】trouble, bother, annoyance
免許 【めんきょ】license, permit, licence, certificate
黙る 【だまる】to be silent
誘う 【さそう】① to invite, to ask, to call (for) ② to tempt, to lure, to induce
俺 【おれ】(masc) I, me (rough or arrogant-sounding first-person pronoun, formerly also used by women)
避ける 【さける】① to avoid (physical contact with) ② to avoid (situation) ③ to ward off, to avert
雷 【かみなり】thunder
ますますincreasingly, more and more
演奏 【えんそう】musical performance
噂 【うわさ】rumour, rumor, report, hearsay, gossip, common talk
つながるto be tied together, to be connected to, to be related to
つなぐto tie, to fasten, to connect, to transfer (phone call)
親戚 【しんせき】relative
わざとon purpose
おとなしいobedient, docile, quiet
しゃべるto talk, to chat, to chatter
掴む 【つかむ】to seize, to catch, to grasp, to grip, to grab, to hold, to catch hold of, to lay one's hands on
釘 【くぎ】nail (i.e. small metal spike)
鍋 【なべ】saucepan, pot
どうしてもby all means, at any cost, no matter what, after all, in the long run, cravingly, at any rate, surely
儲ける 【もうける】to get, to earn, to gain, to have (bear, beget) a child
せっかくwith trouble, at great pains, long-awaited
かかるto suffer from
小学生 【しょうがくせい】elementary school student, primary school student, grade school student
上下 【じょうげ】high and low, up and down, unloading and loading, praising and blaming
前 【ぜん】① the last (i.e. immediately preceding) (e.g. "the last mayor"), previous, one-time, former ② (before the name of an era) pre- (e.g. "premodern") ③ before, earlier
前後 【ぜんご】around, throughout, front and back, before and behind, before and after, about that (time), longitudinal, context, nearly, approximately
東西 【とうざい】① East and West ② whole country ③ Orient and Occident, Western and Eastern ④ Your attention, please!
南北 【なんぼく】south and north
日時 【にちじ】date and time
人々 【ひとびと】each person, people, men, human, everybody
工事 【こうじ】construction work, construction, work (related to construction, e.g. painting, concrete-pouring, etc.)
重ねる 【かさねる】to pile up, to put something on another, to heap up, to add, to repeat
書道 【しょどう】calligraphy (esp. Chinese)
心理 【しんり】mentality
送別 【そうべつ】farewell, send-off
地味 【じみ】plain, simple, subdued, sober
売り切れ 【うりきれ】sold-out
方言 【ほうげん】dialect
料 【りょう】material, charge, rate, fee
会館 【かいかん】meeting hall, assembly hall
住まい 【すまい】dwelling, house, residence, address
元々 【もともと】originally, by nature, from the start
感想 【かんそう】impressions, thoughts
客間 【きゃくま】parlor, parlour, guest room
苦情 【くじょう】complaint, troubles, objection, grievance
交流 【こうりゅう】① intercourse, (cultural) exchange, intermingling ② alternating current, AC
国語 【こくご】① Japanese (language) ② national language ③ native Japanese words (as opposed to loanwords)
四角い 【しかくい】square, rectangular
取り入れる 【とりいれる】① to harvest, to reap ② to take in, to gather in ③ to adopt
線路 【せんろ】line, track, roadbed
早速 【さっそく】at once, immediately, without delay, promptly
待ち合わせる 【まちあわせる】to rendezvous, to meet at a prearranged place and time, to arrange to meet
大通り 【おおどおり】main street
断水 【だんすい】water outage
通勤 【つうきん】commuting to work
点数 【てんすう】marks, points, score, runs, number of items, credits
日常 【にちじょう】ordinary, regular, everyday, usual
筆者 【ひっしゃ】writer (often in self-reference), author
平日 【へいじつ】① weekday, ordinary days (i.e. non-holiday) ② kanji radical 73
無地 【むじ】plain, unfigured
予防 【よぼう】prevention, precaution, protection against
留守番 【るすばん】① care-taking, house-sitting, house-watching ② caretaker, house-sitter
録音 【ろくおん】(audio) recording
落ち着く 【おちつく】to calm down, to settle down, to be steady, to settle in, to take up one's residence, to harmonize with, to harmonise with, to match, to restore presence of mind
残らず 【のこらず】all, entirely, completely, without exception
解説 【かいせつ】explanation, commentary, exposition, elucidation
改めて 【あらためて】another time, again, over again, anew, formally
改札 【かいさつ】① examination of tickets ② ticket gate, ticket barrier
詰まる 【つまる】① to be blocked, to be packed ② to hit the ball near the handle of the bat (baseball)
偶数 【ぐうすう】even number
経度 【けいど】longitude
軒 【のき】① eaves ② narrow aisle surrounding the core of a temple building
座布団 【ざぶとん】zabuton (flat floor cushion used when sitting or kneeling; usu. rectangular)
治める 【おさめる】① to govern, to manage ② to subdue
自治 【じち】self-government, autonomy
自宅 【じたく】one's home
畳む 【たたむ】① to fold (clothes) ② to close (a shop) ③ to vacate
寝坊 【ねぼう】sleeping in late
性能 【せいのう】ability, performance, efficiency
接続 【せつぞく】① connection, attachment, union, join, joint, link ② changing trains ③ conjunction
宅 【たく】house, home, husband
昼寝 【ひるね】nap (afternoon), siesta
突き当たる 【つきあたる】to run into, to collide with
背負う 【せおう】to be burdened with, to carry on back or shoulder
美容 【びよう】beauty of figure or form
亡くす 【なくす】① to lose something ② to get rid of ③ to lose someone (wife, child, etc.)
目覚まし 【めざまし】① alarm clock ② opening one's eyes, keeping one's eyes open ③ type of candy given to a child after it wakes up from a nap
紅葉 【こうよう】① autumn colours, fall colors, leaves changing color (colour) ② leaves turning red, red leaves ③ leaves turning yellow, yellow leaves ④ (Japanese) maple (Acer japonicum)
年寄り 【としより】① old people, the aged ② sumo coaches
治す 【なおす】① to cure, to heal ② to fix, to correct, to repair ③ to do over again (after -masu base of verb) ④ to replace, to put back as it was ⑤ to convert (into a different state), to transform
増やす 【ふやす】to increase, to add to, to augment
編集 【へんしゅう】editing, compilation, editorial (e.g. committee)
干す 【ほす】① to air, to dry, to desiccate ② to drain (off) ③ to drink up ④ to deprive of a role, job, etc. (usu. in the passive)
道順 【みちじゅん】itinerary, route
家 【か】-ist (used after a noun indicating someone's occupation, pursuits, disposition, etc.), -er
お辞儀 【おじぎ】bow, bowing
威張る 【いばる】to be proud, to swagger
緯度 【いど】latitude (nav.)
あくびyawn, yawning (and stretching)
研修 【けんしゅう】training (esp. in-service), induction course
娯楽 【ごらく】pleasure, amusement
司会 【しかい】chairmanship, leading a meeting
将棋 【しょうぎ】shogi, Japanese chess, xianqi
焦げる 【こげる】to burn, to be burned
載る 【のる】① to get on, to ride in, to board, to mount, to get up on ② to spread (paints), to be taken in ③ to share in, to join, to feel like doing, to be mentioned in, to be in harmony with ④ to appear (in print), to be recorded, to be found in (a dictionary)
倉庫 【そうこ】storehouse, warehouse, godown
太鼓 【たいこ】drum
体操 【たいそう】gymnastics, physical exercises, calisthenics
派手 【はで】showy, loud, gay, flashy, gaudy
普及 【ふきゅう】diffusion, spread
平凡 【へいぼん】common, commonplace, ordinary, mediocre
柄 【がら】pattern, design
幼稚園 【ようちえん】kindergarten
騒々しい 【そうぞうしい】noisy, boisterous
沿い 【ぞい】along
そば① buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) ② soba (Japanese buckwheat noodles)
稽古 【けいこ】practice, practise, training, study
姪 【めい】niece
飢饉 【ききん】famine, drought, shortage, crop failure
きっかけchance, start, cue, excuse, motive, impetus, occasion
芯 【しん】① wick, marrow, staple (for stapler), (pencil) lead, stuffing, pith ② core, heart, centre, center
てっきりsurely, certainly, beyond doubt
向き 【むき】direction, orientation, aspect, situation, exposure, suitability, tendency
兆 【ちょう】① sign, omen, indication, portent ② 10^12, 1,000,000,000,000, trillion (American), (obs) billion (British)
異論 【いろん】different opinion, objection
遺跡 【いせき】historic ruins (remains, relics)
印鑑 【いんかん】stamp, seal
引き起こす 【ひきおこす】to cause, to induce
沿う 【そう】① to run along, to run beside ② to follow (a plan, etc.), to act in accordance with
黄金 【おうごん】gold
会見 【かいけん】interview, audience
外来 【がいらい】① external origin, imported ② outpatient
協会 【きょうかい】association, society, organization, organisation
愚痴 【ぐち】① idle complaint, grumble ② moha (ignorance, folly)
権力 【けんりょく】(political) power, authority, influence
原爆 【げんばく】atomic bomb, A-bomb
誇る 【ほこる】to boast of, to be proud of
交渉 【こうしょう】① negotiations, discussions ② connection
降水 【こうすい】rainfall, precipitation
取り付ける 【とりつける】to furnish, to install, to get someone's agreement
申し出る 【もうしでる】to report to, to tell, to suggest, to submit, to request, to make an offer, to come forward with information
染める 【そめる】to dye, to colour, to color
組み合わせる 【くみあわせる】to join together, to combine, to join up
創造 【そうぞう】creation
多様 【たよう】diverse, varied
退職 【たいしょく】retirement (from office)
着陸 【ちゃくりく】landing, alighting, touch down
抽選 【ちゅうせん】lottery, raffle, drawing (of lots)
伝説 【でんせつ】tradition, legend, folklore
電源 【でんげん】① source of electricity, electrical power ② power (button on TV, etc.)
途上 【とじょう】① en route, half-way ② on the road, in the street
倒産 【とうさん】(corporate) bankruptcy, insolvency, commercial failure, failed business
特許 【とっきょ】① patent, special permission, licence (license), concession, franchise, charter ② proprietary
配慮 【はいりょ】consideration, concern, forethought
発掘 【はっくつ】① excavation, exhumation ② discovery (e.g. new talent)
悲観 【ひかん】pessimism, disappointment
秘書 【ひしょ】(private) secretary
美 【び】beauty
不在 【ふざい】absence
付け加える 【つけくわえる】to add one thing to another
浮力 【ふりょく】buoyancy, floating power
紛らわしい 【まぎらわしい】confusing, misleading, equivocal, ambiguous
柄 【え】① handle, grip ② stalk (of a mushroom, leaf, etc.)
保管 【ほかん】charge, custody, safekeeping, deposit, storage
矢 【や】arrow
要望 【ようぼう】demand for, request
掌 【てのひら】the palm (of one's hand)
伝言 【でんごん】verbal message, rumor, rumour, word
本文 【ほんぶん】text (of document), body (of letter)
心 【しん】① heart, mind ② spirit, vitality, inner strength ③ Chinese "Heart" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
探検 【たんけん】exploration, expedition
取引 【とりひき】transactions, dealings, business
書 【しょ】① document, book ② penmanship, handwriting, calligraphy (esp. Chinese)
嘘つき 【うそつき】liar (sometimes said with not much seriousness), fibber
奇数 【きすう】odd number
今更 【いまさら】now (after such a long time), at this late hour (i.e. it is too late for something)
役立つ 【やくだつ】to be useful, to be helpful, to serve the purpose
藁 【わら】straw
おい① hey!, oi! ② me
ごっこsomething done together, game of make-believe
アドレス① address ② email address
アナウンス① announcement ② to announce
アニメ① animated film, animated cartoon, anime (when referring to Japanese cartoons) ② animation
アンケートquestionnaire, survey
イメージ① (one's) image ② (computer) image ③ artist's impression
インタビューinterview (i.e. television, newspaper, etc.)
カウンター① counter ② service counter (e.g. at a bank) ③ counter (at a bar, cafe, etc.) ④ automatically responding with an upload slot to someone who allows you to download (e.g. in P2P systems)
コマーシャルcommercial (e.g. TV)
コメント① comment ② (blog) comment
コンビニconvenience store
サービス① service, support system ② goods or services without charge
サイン① autograph, signature ② sign ③ sine
シャッター① camera shutter ② shutter (door, window, etc.)
スープ(Western) soup
タイム① time ② thyme
チェックcheck, plaid
テーマtopic, theme, project
バザーbazaar, bazar
パーセントpercent, percentage
パジャマpajamas, pyjamas
ホーム① platform ② home
ポイント① point ② points (of a railway), switch
ミス① mistake, error, failure ② Miss ③ myth
メール① email ② mail (usu. in phrases and compound words) ③ male
ライスrice (esp. when served on a plate)
リスト① list ② wrist
リモコンremote control
レベル① level ② rebel ③ revel
休日 【きゅうじつ】holiday, day off
金メダル 【きんめだる】gold medal
後半 【こうはん】second half, latter half
省エネenergy conservation, economical use of energy
食パンplain bread, white bread
川 【かわ】① river, stream ② the .... river, (suffix used with the names of rivers)
入国 【にゅうこく】entry to a country
来社 【らいしゃ】visit to a company
前半 【ぜんはん】first half
見かける 【みかける】to (happen to) see, to notice, to catch sight of
ホームページweb site, home page
ぽつり① isolated, standing alone ② falling in drops (e.g. rain) ③ sighing (when saying something)
メールアドレスemail address
カ国counter for countries
こう言う 【こういう】such, like this
バイクbike, motorcycle
一族 【いちぞく】① family, relatives, dependents ② household
会長 【かいちょう】president (of a society), chairman
帰国 【きこく】return to one's country
急用 【きゅうよう】urgent business
近づく 【ちかづく】to approach, to get near, to get acquainted with, to get closer
校歌 【こうか】school song
住み着く 【すみつく】to settle (in a place), to settle down
人気者 【にんきもの】popular person, favorite, favourite
水色 【みずいろ】light blue
そう言う 【そういう】such, like that, that sort of, very
貸し出す 【かしだす】to lend, to loan, to let out on hire
通り 【どおり】① in accordance with ..., following ... ② .. Street, .. Avenue
店長 【てんちょう】shop manager
不注意 【ふちゅうい】carelessness, inattention, thoughtlessness
有名人 【ゆうめいじん】celebrity
悪口 【わるぐち】abuse, insult, slander, evil speaking
手がかり 【てがかり】① clue, key, trail, scent, track, contact ② handhold, on hand
大金持ち 【おおがねもち】very rich person
お化け 【おばけ】goblin, apparition, monster, ghost
医学部 【いがくぶ】medical faculty
一期一会 【いちごいちえ】once-in-a-lifetime encounter (hence should be cherished as such)
一戸建て 【いっこだて】(separate) house
一等 【いっとう】first-class, first-rank, A1, the most, the best
火薬 【かやく】gunpowder, powder
画面 【がめん】terminal screen, scene, picture, the field (in TV), photo
具体 【ぐたい】concrete, tangible, material
君子 【くんし】man of virtue, person of high rank, wise man
型 【がた】① model, type (e.g. of machine, goods, etc.) ② type, style, pattern ③ mold (mould), template, model ④ kata (standard form of a movement, posture, etc. in martial arts, sport, etc.) ⑤ form (i.e. customary procedure) ⑥ size (i.e. clothing, shoes)
表れる 【あらわれる】① to appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to come out, to embody, to materialize, to materialise ② to be expressed (e.g. emotions), to become apparent (e.g. trends, effects)
向き合う 【むきあう】to be opposite, to face each other
車内 【しゃない】inside a carriage
新 【しん】① new, neo- ② Gregorian calendar ③ Xin (dynasty of China)
石 【こく】① measure of volume (approx. 180.39 liters, 6.37 cub. ft.) ② measure of a Japanese-style boat's loading capacity (approx. 278.26 liters)
先進 【せんしん】seniority, advance, leadership
全額 【ぜんがく】total, full amount, sum
村人 【むらびと】villager
大雪 【おおゆき】① heavy snow ② "major snow" solar term (approx. Dec. 7)
通行人 【つうこうにん】passerby, pedestrian, foot passenger
読み取る 【よみとる】① to read (someone's) mind, to read between the lines ② to read (a calibration, a tape, etc.), to read (out)
半額 【はんがく】half, half amount, half fare
聞き取る 【ききとる】to catch (a person's words), to follow, to understand
北半球 【きたはんきゅう】northern hemisphere
毛虫 【けむし】① hairy caterpillar, woolly bear ② pest, nudnik (nudnick)
役員 【やくいん】officer, official, executive, staff
落語 【らくご】rakugo story, (telling) a comic story
落書き 【らくがき】scrawl, scribble, graffiti
流氷 【りゅうひょう】drift ice, ice floe
例文 【れいぶん】model sentence
夜中 【やちゅう】during the night, at night
来客 【らいきゃく】visitor, caller
落し物 【おとしもの】lost property
持ち物 【もちもの】one's property, personal effects
表れ 【あらわれ】embodiment, manifestation, materialization, materialisation, expression, indication
奥様 【おくさま】wife, your wife, his wife, married lady, madam
居酒屋 【いざかや】bar, pub, tavern
互いに 【たがいに】mutually, with each other, reciprocally, together
誌 【し】magazine
若者 【わかもの】young man, youth, lad
笑い話 【わらいばなし】funny story
乗り遅れる 【のりおくれる】to miss (train, bus, etc.)
状 【じょう】① shape, state ② letter, correspondence
折り畳む 【おりたたむ】to fold up, to fold into layers
層 【そう】① layer, seam, bed, stream, class ② sheaf ③ storey (of a building), story, floor
中略 【ちゅうりゃく】omission, ellipsis
髪型 【かみがた】hairdo
宝くじ 【たからくじ】lottery
未だに 【いまだに】still, even now, until this very day
無意識 【むいしき】① unconsciousness ② the unconscious
灯 【とう】① light, lamp ② counter for electric lights
折り紙 【おりがみ】origami (paper folding)
書き換える 【かきかえる】to rewrite, to overwrite, to renew, to transfer
書き込み 【かきこみ】① writing ② entry (e.g. to a form) ③ posting (e.g. to a blog)
広報 【こうほう】PR, public relations, publicity, information
正座 【せいざ】kneeling with the tops of the feet flat on the floor, and sitting on the soles
一周 【いっしゅう】once around, a revolution, a lap, a turn, a round, one full year
買い換える 【かいかえる】to buy a replacement, to replace by buying something new
杯 【はい】① sake cup, cup for alcoholic beverages ② counter for cupfuls ③ counter for ships, octopuses and squid
遺産 【いさん】inheritance, bequest, legacy, heritage
仮想 【かそう】imagination, supposition, virtual, potential (enemy)
警護 【けいご】bodyguard, escort
検索 【けんさく】looking up (e.g. a word in a dictionary), retrieval (e.g. data), searching for, referring to
かいこsilkworm (Bombyx Mori)
蛇 【へび】① snake ② serpent, large snake
聖人 【せいじん】saint, sage, holy man
素足 【すあし】bare feet
大嫌い 【だいきらい】very dislikeable, hate, loathe, abhor
中華 【ちゅうか】Chinese (e.g. food)
踏み切る 【ふみきる】to make a bold start, to take a plunge, to take off
年貢 【ねんぐ】annual tribute, land tax
めったthoughtless, reckless, seldom (neg. verb), careless
古里 【ふるさと】home town, birthplace, old village, historic village, native place, one's old home
奨学 【しょうがく】encouragement to study
張り 【ばり】① in the style of (esp. literary, artistic, etc. works), reminiscent of ② attached or stretched on
かけるto suspend between two points, to build (a bridge, etc.), to put up on something (e.g. legs up on table)
たまるto bear (often adds emphasis), to endure
車椅子 【くるまいす】wheelchair, folding push-chair
初詣で 【はつもうで】first shrine visit of New Year
ふくろうowl (esp. the Ural owl, Strix uralensis)
かえる① frog ② kajika frog (Buergeria buergeri)
うがいgargling, rinsing one's mouth
阿呆 【あほう】fool, simpleton, idiot
ない① not (verb-negating suffix; may indicate question or invitation with rising intonation) ② emphatic suffix (used after the root of an adjective)