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Minna no Nihongo Beginner II

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Minna no Nihongo Shoukyuu Lesson 26-50



759 entriesCreated by Public Domain — Last modified: 2015-09-16 09:11:01
こんなsuch (about something/someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or about ideas expressed by the speaker), like this
さあcome, come now
そんなsuch (about the actions of the listener, or about ideas expressed or understood by the listener), like that, that sort of
どうも① thanks ② much (thanks), very (sorry), quite (regret) ③ quite, really ④ somehow ⑤ no matter how hard one may try ⑥ greetings, hello, goodbye
もう① already, anymore ② soon, shortly ③ more, further, other, again ④ interjection used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation)
もっと(some) more, even more, longer, further
エレベーターelevator, lift
カレンダー① calendar ② calender (machine for flattening things)
キロkilo-, kilogram, kilogramme, kilometre, kilometer, 10^3
グラムgram, gramme
コップglass (i.e. drinking vessel), tumbler
ドアdoor (Western-style)
バス① bus ② bath ③ bass
パン① bread, pastries (e.g. croissants), pastry-based products ② pan, frying pan ③ panning (in a film)
円 【えん】① Yen, money ② circle
どうぞ① please, kindly ② by all means
会社 【かいしゃ】① company, corporation ② workplace
休む 【やすむ】① to be absent, to take a day off ② to rest, to have a break ③ to go to bed, to (lie down to) sleep, to turn in, to retire ④ to stop doing some ongoing activity for a time, to suspend business
空 【そら】sky, the heavens
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
後 【あと】① behind, rear ② after, later ③ after one's death ④ remainder, the rest ⑤ descendant, successor, heir ⑥ more (i.e. five more minutes)
語 【ご】① language ② word
高い 【たかい】① high, tall ② expensive
時間 【じかん】① time ② hours
車 【くるま】① car, automobile, vehicle ② wheel
出す 【だす】① to take out, to get out ② to put out, to reveal, to show ③ to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in ④ to publish, to make public ⑤ to send (e.g. letter) ⑥ to produce (a sound), to start (fire) ⑦ to serve (food) ⑧ to begin
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
出口 【でぐち】exit, gateway, way out, outlet, leak, vent
出来る 【できる】① to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task ② to be ready, to be completed ③ to be made, to be built ④ to be good at, to be permitted (to do) ⑤ to become intimate, to take up (with somebody) ⑥ to grow, to be raised
上手 【じょうず】① skill, skillful, dexterity ② flattery
上げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to do up (one's hair) ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to show someone (into a room) ⑥ (uk) to summon (for geishas, etc.) ⑦ to send someone (away) ⑧ to enrol (one's child in school) (enroll) ⑨ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑩ to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice) ⑪ to earn (something desirable) ⑫ to praise ⑬ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑭ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑮ to arrest ⑯ to nominate ⑰ to give ⑱ to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) ⑲ to bear (a child) ⑳ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) ○ (of the tide) to come in ○ to vomit ○ (after the -te form of a verb) to do for (the sake of someone else) ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to complete ○ used after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility
新聞 【しんぶん】newspaper
人 【じん】① -ian (e.g. Italian, etc.) (attaches to name of country to denote nationality), -er (e.g. performer, etc.) (attaches to name of occupation) ② (usu. in compound words) man, person, people
西 【にし】west
先 【さき】① previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding ② point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle ③ head (of a line), front ④ ahead, the other side ⑤ the future, hereafter ⑥ destination ⑦ the other party
前 【まえ】① ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour) ② in front (of), before (e.g. the house) ③ head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part ④ in the presence of ⑤ helping, portion ⑥ privates, private parts
大学 【だいがく】① post-secondary education institution, incl. university, college, etc. ② the Great Learning - one of the Four Books
大人 【おとな】adult
長い 【ながい】① long (distance) ② long (time), lengthy
天気 【てんき】① weather, the elements ② fair weather, fine weather
電気 【でんき】① electricity ② (electric) light
電話 【でんわ】telephone
東 【ひがし】east
道 【みち】① road, street, way, path, course, route, lane ② distance, ways (e.g. "a long ways") ③ the way (of proper conduct, etc.), one's way, morals ④ teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma ⑤ field (of medicine, etc.), subject ⑥ way, method, means
南 【みなみ】south
二 【に】two
入れる 【いれる】① to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.) ② to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire ③ to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to ④ to include ⑤ to pay (one's rent, etc.) ⑥ to cast (a vote) ⑦ to make (tea, coffee, etc.) ⑧ to turn on (a switch, etc.) ⑨ to send (a fax), to call
白 【しろ】① white ② good guy, 'white hat'
半分 【はんぶん】half
分 【ふん】minute
北 【きた】north
本 【ほん】① book, volume ② main, head, this, our, present, real ③ counter for long cylindrical things
木 【き】tree, wood, timber
来る 【くる】① to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive ② to come back, to do ... and come back ③ to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue ④ to come from, to be caused by, to derive from ⑤ to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
何 【なに】① what ② how many (some counter)
何 【なん】① what ② how many (some counter)
今日 【きょう】today, this day
十 【じゅう】10, ten
言う 【いう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
大きい 【おおきい】big, large, great, loud
目 【め】① eye, eyeball ② eyesight ③ look ④ experience ⑤ viewpoint ⑥ ordinal number suffix ⑦ somewhat, -ish
ですpolite copula in Japanese
時 【じ】① hour, o'clock ② (specified) time, when ..., during ...
plain copula
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
悪い 【わるい】① bad, poor, inferior ② evil, sinful ③ unprofitable, unbeneficial ④ at fault, to blame, in the wrong ⑤ sorry
家 【いえ】① house, residence, dwelling ② family, household ③ lineage, family name
会う 【あう】① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
起きる 【おきる】① to get up, to rise ② to wake up ③ to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents), to happen, to take place
教室 【きょうしつ】classroom
銀行 【ぎんこう】bank
月 【つき】① moon ② month
黒 【くろ】① black ② dark ③ bad guy, 'black hat'
作文 【さくぶん】① writing (an essay, prose, etc.), composition ② formal writing with little real meaning
止まる 【とまる】① to stop, to halt ② to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place) ③ to come to a halt ④ to be limited to
死ぬ 【しぬ】to die
私 【わたし】① I, me ② private affairs, personal matter, secrecy ③ selfishness
紙 【かみ】paper
自分 【じぶん】① myself, yourself, oneself, himself, herself ② I, me
質問 【しつもん】question, inquiry, enquiry
重い 【おもい】① heavy, massive ② serious, important, severe, oppressed
始め 【はじめ】beginning, start, origin
所 【ところ】① place, spot, scene, site ② address ③ district, area, locality ④ one's house ⑤ point ⑥ part ⑦ space, room ⑧ whereupon, as a result ⑨ (after present form of a verb) about to, on the verge of
青 【あお】① blue ② green ③ green light ④ black (horse coat color) ⑤ immature, unripe, young
切る 【きる】① to cut (usu. to cut through) ② to sever (connections, ties) ③ to turn off (i.e. the light) ④ to terminate (i.e. a conversation), to hang up (the phone), to disconnect ⑤ to punch (a ticket), to tear off (a stub) ⑥ to open (something sealed) ⑦ to start ⑧ to set (a limit) ⑨ to reduce, to decrease, to discount ⑩ to shake off (water, etc.), to let drip-dry (or drain) ⑪ to cross ⑫ to do (something noticeable) ⑬ to turn (a vehicle) ⑭ to cut (the ball) ⑮ to shuffle (cards) ⑯ to trump ⑰ (in Go) to isolate (an opponent's stone) ⑱ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to finish, to complete
走る 【はしる】① to run ② to travel (movement of vehicles) ③ to hurry to ④ to retreat (from battle), to take flight ⑤ to run away from home ⑥ to elope ⑦ to tend heavily toward
太い 【ふとい】① fat, thick ② deep (of a voice) ③ daring, shameless, brazen
台所 【だいどころ】kitchen
短い 【みじかい】short
池 【いけ】pond
茶色 【ちゃいろ】light brown, tawny
鳥 【とり】① bird ② bird meat (esp. chicken meat), fowl, poultry
答える 【こたえる】to answer, to reply
動物 【どうぶつ】animal
病気 【びょうき】illness, disease, sickness
風 【かぜ】wind, breeze
服 【ふく】① clothes (esp. Western clothes) ② counter for doses of medicine, gulps of tea, drags of a cigarette, etc.
方 【ほう】side, direction, way
夕方 【ゆうがた】evening
洋服 【ようふく】Western-style clothes (cf traditional Japanese clothes)
旅行 【りょこう】travel, trip
赤 【あか】① red, crimson, scarlet ② red-containing colour (e.g. brown, pink, orange) ③ red light ④ red ink (i.e. in finance or proof-reading), (in) the red ⑤ complete, total, perfect, obvious
勤める 【つとめる】① to work (for), to be employed (at), to serve (in) ② to serve (as), to act (as), to fill (the position of), to play the role (of) ③ to conduct a religious service
交番 【こうばん】① police box ② alternation, alternating (e.g. current)
向こう 【むこう】① opposite side, other side, opposite direction ② over there, that way, far away, beyond ③ the other party, the other person ④ future (starting now)
細い 【ほそい】thin, slender, fine
皿 【さら】① plate, dish, platter, disc ② serving, helping, course ③ kanji radical 108 (at the bottom)
取る 【とる】① to take, to pick up, to harvest, to earn, to choose ② to steal ③ to eat, to have (a meal) ④ to remove (one's glasses, etc.)
消える 【きえる】to go out, to vanish, to disappear
晴れる 【はれる】① to clear up, to clear away, to be sunny, to stop raining ② to refresh (e.g. spirits) ③ to be cleared (e.g. of a suspicion) ④ to be dispelled, to be banished
本当 【ほんとう】truth, reality
一昨年 【いっさくねん】year before last
黄色 【きいろ】yellow, amber
違う 【ちがう】① to differ (from), to vary ② to not be in the usual condition ③ to not match the correct (answer, etc.) ④ to be different from promised
汚い 【きたない】dirty, unclean, filthy
灰皿 【はいざら】ashtray
靴下 【くつした】socks, sock, stockings, stocking
警官 【けいかん】policeman
個 【こ】① counter for articles ② counter for military units ③ individual
呼ぶ 【よぶ】① to call out (to), to call, to invoke ② to summon (a doctor, etc.) ③ to invite ④ to designate, to name, to brand ⑤ to garner (support, etc.), to gather
厚い 【あつい】① thick, deep, heavy ② kind, cordial, hospitable, warm, faithful ③ serious (of an illness) ④ abundant
困る 【こまる】to be troubled, to be worried, to be bothered, to be embarrassed, to be stumped
再来年 【さらいねん】year after next
財布 【さいふ】purse, handbag, wallet
授業 【じゅぎょう】lesson, class work
吹く 【ふく】① to blow (wind, etc.), to play a wind instrument ② to emit, to spout ③ to whistle
生徒 【せいと】pupil
洗濯 【せんたく】washing, laundry
遅い 【おそい】① slow ② late (e.g. "late at night") ③ too late
閉まる 【しまる】to be shut, to close, to be closed
渡す 【わたす】① to ferry across (a river, etc.), to carry across, to traverse ② to lay across, to build across ③ to hand over, to hand in, to pass, to give, to transfer
薄い 【うすい】① thin ② pale, light ③ watery, dilute, sparse ④ weak (taste, etc.) ⑤ slim (probability, etc.), small
必要 【ひつよう】① necessary, needed, essential, indispensable ② necessity, need, requirement
並ぶ 【ならぶ】① to line up, to stand in a line ② to rival, to match, to equal
並べる 【ならべる】① to line up, to set up ② to enumerate, to itemize
磨く 【みがく】① to polish, to shine, to brush (e.g. teeth) ② to refine, to improve
頼む 【たのむ】① to request, to beg, to ask ② to call, to order, to reserve ③ to entrust to ④ to rely on
可愛い 【かわいい】① cute, adorable, charming, lovely, pretty ② dear, precious, darling, pet ③ cute little, tiny
居る 【いる】① to be (of animate objects), to exist ② to stay ③ (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing)
ころ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
匹 【ひき】① counter for small animals ② counter for rolls of cloth (two han in size) ③ roll of cloth
椅子 【いす】① chair ② post, office, position
花瓶 【かびん】(flower) vase
掛かる 【かかる】① to take ② to hang ③ to come into view, to arrive ④ to come under (a contract, a tax) ⑤ to start (engines, motors) ⑥ to attend, to deal with, to handle ⑦ to have started to, to be on the verge of ⑧ to overlap (e.g. information in a manual), to cover ⑨ to (come) at ⑩ to be fastened ⑪ to be covered (e.g. with dust, a table-cloth, etc.) ⑫ to be caught in ⑬ to get a call ⑭ to depend on
鍵 【かぎ】① key ② lock
撮る 【とる】to take (a photo), to make (a film)
傘 【かさ】umbrella, parasol
誰 【だれ】who
丁度 【ちょうど】just, right, exactly
貼る 【はる】to stick, to paste, to affix
殆ど 【ほとんど】mostly, almost
なぜwhy, how
丈夫 【じょうぶ】healthy, robust, strong, solid, durable
嫌 【いや】disagreeable, detestable, unpleasant, reluctant
良い 【よい】① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
伯父 【おじ】uncle (older than one's parent)
伯母 【おば】aunt (older than one's parent)
叔母 【おば】aunt (younger than one's parent)
こっち① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
その① that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the ② um..., er..., uh...
それ① that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it ② that time, then
どうhow, in what way, how about
やる① to do ② to have sexual intercourse ③ to kill ④ to give (to inferiors, animals, etc.) ⑤ to do for (inferiors) ⑥ to send (e.g. somebody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g. letter) (despatch) ⑦ to move (something to), to row (a boat) ⑧ (used in place of other verb) to have (eat, drink, smoke), to study, to run or operate (a restaurant)
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
ことthing, matter, fact, circumstances, business, reason, experience
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
石鹸 【せっけん】soap
うるさい① noisy, loud ② fussy ③ annoying, troublesome, tiresome, importunate ④ bossy
まずい① unappetising, unappetizing, unpleasant (taste, appearance, situation) ② unskillful, unskilful, bungling, clumsy ③ ugly, homely, plain, unattractive ④ awkward, untimely, inopportune, unfavorable, unwise
どこ① where, what place ② how much (long, far), what extent
このthis (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
醤油 【しょうゆ】soy sauce, shoyu
あんなsuch (about something or someone distant from both speaker and listener, or about a situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener), so, that, sort of
いらっしゃる① to come, to go, to be (somewhere) ② (after a -te form, or the particle "de") is (doing), are (doing)
さっきsome time ago
はっきりclearly, plainly, distinctly
上がる 【あがる】① to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised ② to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in ③ to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade ④ to get out (of water), to come ashore ⑤ to increase ⑥ to improve, to make progress ⑦ to be promoted, to advance ⑧ to be made (of profit, etc.) ⑨ to occur (esp. of a favourable result) ⑩ to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.) ⑪ to be finished, to be done, to be over ⑫ (of rain) to stop, to lift ⑬ to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die ⑭ to win (in a card game, etc.) ⑮ to be arrested ⑯ to turn up (of evidence, etc.) ⑰ to be deep fried ⑱ to be spoken loudly ⑲ to get stage fright ⑳ to be offered (to the gods, etc.) ○ to go, to visit ○ to eat, to drink ○ to be listed (as a candidate) ○ to serve (in one's master's home) ○ (in Kyoto) to go north ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) indicates completion
なさいdo (imperative form often used after ~masu base of verbs)
お子さん 【おこさん】(someone else's) child
カーテンcurtain, curtains
ガソリンgasoline, petrol
安心 【あんしん】relief, peace of mind
以下 【いか】① not exceeding, and downward, ... and below ② below (e.g. standard), under (e.g. a level) ③ the below-mentioned, the following, the rest
以上 【いじょう】① not less than, ... and more, ... and upwards ② beyond ... (e.g. one's means), further (e.g. nothing further to say), more than ... (e.g. cannot pay more than that) ③ above-mentioned, foregoing ④ since ..., seeing that ... ⑤ this is all, that is the end, the end
医学 【いがく】medical science, medicine
運ぶ 【はこぶ】① to carry, to transport, to move, to convey ② to come, to go ③ to wield (a tool, etc.), to use ④ to go (well, etc.), to proceed, to progress
運動 【うんどう】motion, exercise
屋上 【おくじょう】rooftop
下げる 【さげる】to hang, to lower, to move back, to wear, to dismiss, to grant
下さる 【くださる】to give, to confer
会 【かい】① meeting, assembly, party ② association, club
会場 【かいじょう】assembly hall, meeting place, the grounds
開く 【ひらく】① to open (e.g. a bank-account, festival, etc.) ② to spread out, to open up (flower bud, umbrella, etc.), to widen (gap, distance, width) ③ to hold, to give (party, conference, etc.)
楽しみ 【たのしみ】① enjoyment, pleasure, diversion, amusement, hobby ② anticipation, looking forward to
間に合う 【まにあう】① to be in time for ② to serve (suit, meet) the purpose, to be good enough, to be enough
気 【き】① spirit, mind, heart ② nature, disposition ③ motivation, intention ④ mood, feelings ⑤ atmosphere, essence
気分 【きぶん】feeling, mood
起こす 【おこす】to raise, to cause, to wake someone
急 【きゅう】① urgent, sudden, abrupt ② sharp, steep, precipitous ③ rapid, swift, fast ④ emergency, crisis ⑤ hurrying, haste ⑥ (in gagaku or noh) end of a song
教会 【きょうかい】church
空気 【くうき】air, atmosphere
建てる 【たてる】to build, to construct
見える 【みえる】① to be seen, to be in sight ② to look, to seem, to appear ③ to come
合う 【あう】① to come together, to merge, to unite, to meet ② to fit, to match, to suit, to agree with, to be correct ③ to be profitable, to be equitable ④ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to do ... to each other, to do ... together
今度 【こんど】now, this time, next time, another time
今夜 【こんや】this evening, tonight
上手い 【うまい】① skillful, clever, expert, wise, successful ② delicious, appetizing, appetising ③ fortunate, splendid, promising
止む 【やむ】to cease, to stop, to be over
試験 【しけん】examination, test, study, trial, experiment
試合 【しあい】match, game, bout, contest
社会 【しゃかい】society, public
出発 【しゅっぱつ】departure
小学校 【しょうがっこう】primary school, elementary school, grade school
小説 【しょうせつ】novel, (short) story
親切 【しんせつ】kindness, gentleness
人口 【じんこう】① population ② common talk
水道 【すいどう】water service, water supply
世話 【せわ】looking after, help, aid, assistance
正しい 【ただしい】right, just, correct, righteous, honest, truthful, proper, straightforward, perfect
西洋 【せいよう】the west, Western countries
赤ちゃん 【あかちゃん】baby, infant
説明 【せつめい】explanation, exposition
太る 【ふとる】to grow fat (stout, plump), to become fat, to gain weight
知らせる 【しらせる】to notify, to advise, to inform
中学校 【ちゅうがっこう】junior high school, middle school, lower secondary school
注意 【ちゅうい】caution, being careful, attention (heed), warning, advice
通う 【かよう】① to go back and forth, to ply between ② to commute, to attend (school, church, etc.)
通る 【とおる】to pass (by), to go through, to walk along, to pass exams, to attend (e.g. school)
都合 【つごう】circumstances, condition, convenience
特別 【とくべつ】special
入院 【にゅういん】hospitalization, hospitalisation
入学 【にゅうがく】entry to school or university, matriculation
発音 【はつおん】pronunciation
品物 【しなもの】goods, article, thing
文学 【ぶんがく】literature
用意 【ようい】preparation
旅館 【りょかん】Japanese hotel, inn, ryokan
工場 【こうじょう】factory, plant, mill, workshop
昼間 【ひるま】daytime, during the day
行う 【おこなう】to perform, to do, to conduct oneself, to carry out
聞こえる 【きこえる】① to be heard, to be audible ② to be said to be, to be reputed
気持ち 【きもち】feeling, sensation, mood
台風 【たいふう】typhoon, hurricane
乗り物 【のりもの】vehicle
引き出し 【ひきだし】① drawer ② withdrawal, drawing out
真ん中 【まんなか】middle, centre, center, mid-way
見つかる 【みつかる】to be found, to be discovered
見つける 【みつける】① to discover, to find (e.g. an error in a book), to come across, to detect ② to locate, to find (e.g. something missing), to find fault ③ to be used to seeing, to be familiar with
別れる 【わかれる】to be divided, to part from, to separate, to bid farewell
代 【だい】① charge, cost, price ② generation, age, reign ③ (geological) era ④ (after someone's name or title) a representative of, on behalf of, for (someone) ⑤ used after a phone number to indicate that it is a switchboard number ⑥ counter for decades of ages, eras, etc. ⑦ counter for generations (of inheritors to a throne, etc.) ⑧ proxy application company
安全 【あんぜん】① safety ② security
育てる 【そだてる】to raise, to rear, to bring up
科学 【かがく】science
海岸 【かいがん】coast, beach
客 【きゃく】① guest, visitor ② customer, client, shopper, spectator, audience, tourist, sightseer, passenger
泣く 【なく】to cry, to weep, to sob, to howl
教育 【きょういく】training, education
近所 【きんじょ】neighbourhood, neighborhood
苦い 【にがい】bitter
決める 【きめる】to decide
血 【ち】blood, consanguinity
細かい 【こまかい】① small ② fine, minute ③ minor, trivial ④ sensitive, attentive
参る 【まいる】① to go, to come, to call ② to be defeated, to collapse, to die ③ to be annoyed, to be nonplussed ④ to be madly in love ⑤ to visit (shrine, grave)
指 【ゆび】finger, toe, digit
自由 【じゆう】freedom, liberty, as it pleases you
受ける 【うける】① to receive, to accept, to get, to inherit ② to catch (e.g. a ball), to parry (e.g. a blow), to take (lesson, test, damage), to sustain (damage), to incur (loss) ③ to become popular, to be well-received, to go down well
拾う 【ひろう】to pick up, to find, to gather
焼く 【やく】① to bake, to grill ② to develop (photos) ③ to suntan ④ to burn (in flames, down, CD, DVD, etc.), to scorch ⑤ to be jealous, to be envious
焼ける 【やける】① to burn, to be roasted, to be heated, to be sunburnt, to fade (in the sun), to glow red (i.e. of the sky at sunset) ② to be jealous, to be envious
場所 【ばしょ】① place, location, spot, position ② room, space ③ basho (sumo wrestling tournament)
植える 【うえる】to plant, to grow
心配 【しんぱい】① worry, concern, anxiety ② care, help, aid, assistance
申す 【もうす】to be called, to say
真面目 【まじめ】diligent, serious, honest, sober, grave, earnest, steady
人形 【にんぎょう】doll, puppet, figure
水泳 【すいえい】swimming
製 【せい】-made, make
昔 【むかし】olden days, former
相談 【そうだん】consultation, discussion
息子 【むすこ】son
打つ 【うつ】① to hit (something inanimate), to strike, to beat (on something) ② to type, to tap (e.g. a key) ③ to inject ④ to indulge in gambling ⑤ to visit (on a pilgrimage)
点 【てん】① spot, mark ② point, dot ③ mark (e.g. in exam), score, points ④ counter for goods or items
点く 【つく】① to be lit (e.g. electricity comes on), to be lighted ② to catch fire
伝える 【つたえる】to convey, to report, to transmit, to communicate, to tell, to impart, to propagate, to teach, to bequeath
投げる 【なげる】① to throw, to cast away ② to face defeat, to give up
道具 【どうぐ】implement, tool, means
倍 【ばい】① twice, double ② times, -fold
反対 【はんたい】opposition, resistance, antagonism, hostility, contrast, objection, dissension, reverse, opposite, vice versa
番組 【ばんぐみ】program (e.g. TV), programme
悲しい 【かなしい】sad, sorrowful
文化 【ぶんか】① culture, civilization, civilisation ② Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)
返事 【へんじ】reply, answer, response
貿易 【ぼうえき】trade (foreign)
予習 【よしゅう】preparation for a lesson
予定 【よてい】plans, arrangement, schedule, program, programme, expectation, estimate
様 【さま】① Mr, Mrs or Ms ② used (gen. in fixed expressions) to make words more polite ③ manner, kind, appearance
葉 【は】leaf
落ちる 【おちる】① to fall down, to drop ② to fail (e.g. exam) ③ to crash, to degenerate, to degrade ④ to fade, to come out (e.g. a stain)
理由 【りゆう】reason, pretext, motive
留守 【るす】① absence, being away from home ② house-sitting, house-sitter ③ being left unattended to (of one's studies, etc.), neglecting
選ぶ 【えらぶ】to choose, to select
直る 【なおる】to get mended, to be repaired, to be fixed
島 【とう】island (in placenames)
案内 【あんない】① information, guidance, leading ② to guide, to show (around), to conduct
汚れる 【よごれる】① to get dirty, to become dirty ② to become sullied
過ぎる 【すぎる】① to pass through, to pass by, to go beyond ② to pass (i.e. of time), to elapse ③ to have expired, to have ended, to be over ④ to exceed, to surpass, to be above ⑤ to be no more than ... ⑥ (often used after adjective stems or the -masu stems of verbs) to be excessive, to be too much, to be too ...
会議 【かいぎ】meeting, conference, session, assembly, council, convention, congress
掛ける 【かける】① to hang (e.g. picture), to hoist (e.g. sail), to raise (e.g. flag) ② to sit ③ to be partway (verb), to begin (but not complete) ④ to take (time, money), to expend (money, time, etc.) ⑤ to make (a call) ⑥ to multiply ⑦ to secure (e.g. lock) ⑧ to put on (glasses, etc.) ⑨ to cover ⑩ to burden someone ⑪ to apply (insurance) ⑫ to turn on (an engine, etc.), to set (a dial, an alarm clock, etc.) ⑬ to put an effect (spell, anaesthetic, etc.) on ⑭ to hold an emotion for (pity, hope, etc.) ⑮ to bind ⑯ to pour (or sprinkle, spray, etc.) onto ⑰ to argue (in court), to deliberate (in a meeting), to present (e.g. idea to a conference, etc.) ⑱ to increase further ⑲ to catch (in a trap, etc.) ⑳ to set atop ○ to erect (a makeshift building) ○ to hold (a play, festival, etc.) ○ (after -masu stem of verb) indicates (verb) is being directed to (someone)
割れる 【われる】① to break, to be smashed ② to split, to crack, to fissure, to be torn ③ to be divided, to cleave ④ to come to light
乾く 【かわく】to get dry
慣れる 【なれる】① to grow accustomed to, to get too familiar with ② to become domesticated, to become tame
間違える 【まちがえる】① to make a mistake (in), to commit an error (e.g. in calculation) ② to confuse, to mistake something for something else
関係 【かんけい】relation, connection
危険 【きけん】① danger, peril, hazard ② dangerous, hazardous
寄る 【よる】to visit, to drop in, to approach
機会 【きかい】chance, opportunity
規則 【きそく】rules, regulations, conventions
技術 【ぎじゅつ】art, craft, technique, technology, engineering, skill
隅 【すみ】corner, nook, recess
景色 【けしき】scenery, scene, landscape
経験 【けいけん】experience
警察 【けいさつ】police
固い 【かたい】① hard, solid, tough ② stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing) ③ strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved) ④ safe, steady, honest, steadfast ⑤ obstinate, stubborn ⑥ bookish, formal, stuffy
原因 【げんいん】cause, origin, source
郊外 【こうがい】suburb, outskirts
再来週 【さらいしゅう】week after next
最後 【さいご】① last, end, conclusion ② (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga") no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences)
最初 【さいしょ】beginning, outset, first, onset
枝 【えだ】branch, bow, bough, twig, limb
事故 【じこ】① accident, incident, trouble ② circumstances, reasons
失敗 【しっぱい】failure, mistake, blunder
取り替える 【とりかえる】to exchange, to replace
手袋 【てぶくろ】glove, mitten, mitt
習慣 【しゅうかん】custom, habit, manners
柔道 【じゅうどう】judo
女性 【じょせい】① woman, female ② feminine gender
召し上がる 【めしあがる】to eat
将来 【しょうらい】future (usually near), prospects
招待 【しょうたい】invitation
笑う 【わらう】① to laugh ② to smile ③ to sneer, to ridicule
席 【せき】① seat ② location (of a gathering, etc.), place ③ position, post
折れる 【おれる】to break, to be folded, to give in, to turn (a corner)
戦争 【せんそう】war
祖父 【そふ】① grandfather ② old man ③ kyogen mask used for the role of an old man
祖母 【そぼ】grandmother
続く 【つづく】① to continue, to last, to go on ② to be unbroken ③ to occur again and again ④ to lead to, to connect to
続ける 【つづける】to continue, to keep up, to keep on
卒業 【そつぎょう】graduation, completion (e.g. of a course)
男性 【だんせい】① man, male ② masculine gender
恥ずかしい 【はずかしい】shy, ashamed, embarrassed
珍しい 【めずらしい】① unusual, rare, curious ② new, novel ③ fine (e.g. gift)
適当 【てきとう】① suitable, adequate, relevant, appropriate, fit ② random, halfhearted, on the spot, whatever works
土産 【みやげ】present, souvenir
倒れる 【たおれる】① to fall, to collapse, to drop, to fall senseless ② to be forced to bed (by illness, etc.) ③ to die ④ to go bankrupt, to be ruined, to have a bad debt ⑤ to be defeated (in a game) ⑥ to fall (of governments, dictators, etc.)
逃げる 【にげる】to escape, to run away
届ける 【とどける】to deliver, to forward, to send, to report, to file notice (to the authorities)
曇る 【くもる】to become cloudy, to become dim
必ず 【かならず】always, without exception, necessarily, certainly, without fail, positively, invariably
付く 【つく】① to be attached, to be connected with, to adhere, to stick, to cling ② to remain imprinted, to scar, to stain, to dye ③ to bear (fruit, interest, etc.) ④ to be acquired (of a habit, ability, etc.), to increase (of strength, etc.) ⑤ to take root ⑥ to accompany, to attend, to follow, to study with ⑦ to side with, to belong to ⑧ to possess, to haunt ⑨ to be lit, to be lighted ⑩ to be settled, to be resolved, to be decided ⑪ to be given (of a name, price, etc.) ⑫ to be sensed, to be perceived ⑬ to be lucky ⑭ (after -masu stems, onomatopoeic and mimetic words) to become (a state, condition, etc.)
復習 【ふくしゅう】review, revision
複雑 【ふくざつ】complex, complicated
沸かす 【わかす】① to boil, to heat ② to excite
文法 【ぶんぽう】grammar, syntax
変 【へん】① strange, odd, peculiar, weird, curious, queer, eccentric, funny, suspicious, fishy ② unexpected ③ change ④ incident, disturbance, disaster, accident ⑤ flat (music)
変わる 【かわる】to change, to be transformed, to vary, to be revised, to be different, to move location
片付ける 【かたづける】① to tidy up, to put in order, to straighten up, to put away ② to settle (problem), to clear (dispute) ③ to finish, to bring something to an end ④ to marry off (e.g. a daughter) ⑤ to do away with someone, to bump someone off
法律 【ほうりつ】law
亡くなる 【なくなる】to die
娘 【むすめ】① (my) daughter ② girl (i.e. a young, unmarried woman)
戻る 【もどる】to turn back, to return, to go back, to recover, to rebound
踊る 【おどる】to dance (orig. a hopping dance)
輸出 【ゆしゅつ】① export ② efferent (medical)
優しい 【やさしい】tender, kind, gentle, graceful, affectionate, amiable, suave
利用 【りよう】use, utilization, utilisation, application
裏 【うら】① bottom (or another side that is hidden from view), undersurface, opposite side, reverse side ② rear, back, behind (the house) ③ lining, inside ④ out of sight, behind the scenes ⑤ proof ⑥ opposite (of a prediction, common sense, etc.) ⑦ inverse (of a hypothesis, etc.) ⑧ bottom (of an inning), last half (of an inning)
歴史 【れきし】history
包む 【つつむ】① to wrap up, to tuck in, to pack, to do up, to cover with, to dress in ② to conceal, to hide, to be engulfed in, to be enveloped by
頂く 【いただく】① to receive, to get, to accept, to take, to buy ② to eat, to drink ③ to be crowned with, to wear (on one's head), to have (on top) ④ to have (as one's leader), to live under (a ruler), to install (a president)
贈り物 【おくりもの】present, gift
遅れる 【おくれる】to be late, to be delayed, to fall behind schedule, to be overdue
込む 【こむ】① to be crowded, to be packed ② to be complex ③ to go into, to put into, to remain (seated), to be plunged into (silence), to do thoroughly ④ to do intently ⑤ to continue in the same state
怖い 【こわい】① scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful ② (I'm) afraid
ご存じ 【ごぞんじ】① knowing ② (an) acquaintance
探す 【さがす】to search (for something desired, needed), to look for
泥棒 【どろぼう】thief, burglar, robber, theft
治る 【なおる】to be cured, to get well, to be healed
値段 【ねだん】price, cost
増える 【ふえる】to increase, to multiply
柔らかい 【やわらかい】soft, tender, limp
お祝い 【おいわい】congratulation, congratulations, celebration, festival, congratulatory gift
挨拶 【あいさつ】① greeting, greetings, salutation, salute ② speech (congratulatory or appreciative), address ③ reply, response ④ a fine thing to say (used as part of a sarcastic response to a rude remark) ⑤ (orig. meaning) dialoging (with another Zen practitioner to ascertain their level of enlightenment)
一生懸命 【いっしょうけんめい】very hard, with utmost effort, with all one's might, for dear life
嘘 【うそ】lie, falsehood, incorrect fact
壊す 【こわす】① to break, to destroy, to demolish ② to wreck, to ruin, to spoil, to damage ③ to break (a bill, etc.)
壊れる 【こわれる】① to be broken, to break ② to fall through, to come to nothing
滑る 【すべる】① to glide, to slide (e.g. on skis), to slip ② to bomb (when telling a joke)
噛む 【かむ】① to bite, to chew, to gnaw ② to fumble or falter with one's words
嬉しい 【うれしい】happy, glad, pleasant
興味 【きょうみ】interest (in something)
喧嘩 【けんか】quarrel, brawl, fight, squabble, scuffle
厳しい 【きびしい】① severe, strict, rigid, unsparing, relentless ② stern, austere, grave, solemn, majestic ③ intense (cold)
故障 【こしょう】break-down, failure, fault, accident, out of order
講義 【こうぎ】lecture
邪魔 【じゃま】hindrance, intrusion
飾る 【かざる】to decorate, to ornament, to adorn
随分 【ずいぶん】① very, extremely, surprisingly, considerably ② contemptible, reprehensible
騒ぐ 【さわぐ】① to make noise, to make racket, to be noisy ② to rustle, to swoosh ③ to make merry ④ to clamor, to clamour, to make a fuss, to kick up a fuss ⑤ to lose one's cool, to panic, to act flustered ⑥ to feel tense, to be uneasy, to be excited
駄目 【だめ】useless, no good, hopeless
暖房 【だんぼう】heating
注射 【ちゅうしゃ】injection
丁寧 【ていねい】polite, courteous, careful, care, kind, close, thorough, conscientious
踏む 【ふむ】① to step on, to tread on ② to experience, to undergo ③ to estimate, to value, to appraise ④ to rhyme ⑤ to follow (rules, morals, principles, etc.)
濡れる 【ぬれる】to get wet
翻訳 【ほんやく】① translation ② de-encryption, deciphering ③ rendering
冷房 【れいぼう】cooling, air-conditioning
お見舞い 【おみまい】calling on someone who is ill, enquiry, inquiry
ちっともnot at all (neg. verb)
もしif, in case, supposing
おかしいstrange, funny, amusing, ridiculous
いじめるto tease, to torment, to persecute, to chastise
びっくり① to be surprised, to be amazed, to be frightened, to be astonished ② surprise (e.g. surprise party) ③ surprise
honourable, honorable
しばらく① little while, short while, moment, instant ② a while, quite a time ③ it's been a long time
しまうto finish, to close, to do something completely, to put away, to put an end to
ごみrubbish, trash, garbage, refuse
ひどいcruel, awful, severe, very bad, serious, terrible, heavy, violent
痩せる 【やせる】① to become thin, to lose weight, to reduce (one's) weight, to slim ② to be barren, to be infertile, to be sterile
がっかりfeel disappointed, dejected, lose heart, feel emotionally drained, feel let down
ずっと① continuously in some state (for a long time, distance), throughout, all along, the whole time, all the way ② much (better, etc.), by far, far and away ③ far away, long ago ④ direct, straight
ちゃんとperfectly, properly, exactly
ぴったりexactly, neatly, sharp
外す 【はずす】① to unfasten, to undo ② to remove, to take off, to deinstall ③ to leave, to step out, to slip away ④ to miss (a target)
外れる 【はずれる】to be disconnected, to get out of place, to be off, to be out (e.g. of gear)
今にも 【いまにも】at any time, soon
人気 【にんき】popularity, popular feeling, business conditions
先日 【せんじつ】the other day, a few days ago
電子 【でんし】① electron ② (esp. as a prefix) electronic, electronics
ただ今 【ただいま】① Here I am, I'm home! ② presently, right away, right now, just now
中 【ちゅう】① medium, average, middle ② moderation ③ middle school ④ China ⑤ in, out of (e.g. three out of ten people) ⑥ during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while
社 【しゃ】① company, association, society ② regional Chinese god of the earth (or a village built in its honour) ③ counter for companies, shrines, etc.
間 【かん】① interval, period of time ② among, between, inter-
下がる 【さがる】to hang down, to abate, to retire, to fall, to step back
家事 【かじ】① housework, domestic chores ② family affairs, household matters
歌手 【かしゅ】singer
花火 【はなび】fireworks
会員 【かいいん】member, the membership
海外 【かいがい】foreign, abroad, overseas
楽 【らく】comfort, ease
使用 【しよう】use, application, employment, utilization, utilisation
自動 【じどう】① automatic, self-motion ② intransitive verb
室 【しつ】① room ② Chinese "Encampment" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
食品 【しょくひん】commodity, foodstuff
図 【ず】figure (e.g. Fig 1), drawing, picture, illustration
切れる 【きれる】① to cut well, to be sharp ② to break (off), to snap, to wear out ③ to be injured ④ to burst, to collapse ⑤ to be disconnected, to be out of, to expire, to sever (connections) with ⑥ to be shrewd, to have a sharp mind ⑦ to drop under (a certain figure), to beat (e.g. a time) ⑧ to flip, to lose one's temper ⑨ to be able to do completely
貸し 【かし】loan, lending
大会 【たいかい】convention, tournament, mass meeting, rally
中止 【ちゅうし】suspension, stoppage, discontinuance, interruption
売れる 【うれる】① to sell (well) ② to be well known, to be popular, to be famous
発見 【はっけん】discovery, detection, finding
風 【ふう】① method, manner, way, style ② appearance, air ③ tendency ④ folk song (genre of the Shi Jing) ⑤ wind (one of the five elements)
力 【りょく】strength, power
姉妹 【しまい】sisters
者 【しゃ】someone of that nature, someone doing that work
元 【もと】former, ex-
営業 【えいぎょう】business, trade, sales, operations
家具 【かぐ】furniture
確かめる 【たしかめる】to ascertain, to check, to make sure
丸 【まる】① circle ② full (e.g. month, day, etc.) ③ perfection, purity ④ suffix for ship names
禁止 【きんし】prohibition, inhibition, ban
計算 【けいさん】① calculation, reckoning, count ② forecast
号 【ごう】① number, edition, make, model, issue, part of that group ② sobriquet, pen-name
混ぜる 【まぜる】to mix, to stir, to blend
参加 【さんか】participation
自身 【じしん】by oneself, personally
式 【しき】① equation, formula, expression ② ceremony ③ style
実 【み】① fruit, nut ② seed ③ (in broth) pieces of meat, vegetable, etc. ④ content, substance
実験 【じっけん】experiment
取れる 【とれる】① to come off, to be removed ② (of pain, a fever, etc.) to disappear ③ to be caught, to be harvested ④ to be interpreted (as), to be taken as ⑤ (of balance, etc.) to be attained ⑥ to be obtainable
守る 【まもる】① to protect, to guard, to defend ② to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow
書類 【しょるい】documents, official papers
数える 【かぞえる】to count, to enumerate
石油 【せきゆ】oil, petroleum, kerosene
組み立てる 【くみたてる】to assemble, to set up, to construct
太陽 【たいよう】sun, solar
地球 【ちきゅう】the earth, the globe
波 【なみ】wave
発表 【はっぴょう】announcement, publication
発明 【はつめい】invention
表 【ひょう】table (e.g. Tab 1), chart, list
平和 【へいわ】peace, harmony
辺り 【あたり】① on the bank of, by the side of (e.g. a river, pond) ② (in the) neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity, nearby
無料 【むりょう】free, no charge
目的 【もくてき】purpose, goal, aim, objective, intention
様子 【ようす】① state, state of affairs, situation, circumstances ② appearance, look, aspect ③ sign, indication
量 【りょう】quantity, amount, volume, portion (of food)
数 【すう】① several, a number of ② number, numeral, figure ③ destiny, fate ④ law
幸せ 【しあわせ】happiness, good fortune, luck, blessing
乗せる 【のせる】① to give (someone) a ride, to give a lift, to pick up, to help on board ② to deceive, to take for a ride
回り 【まわり】① circumference, perimeter, edge ② surroundings, locality, neighborhood ③ rotation, circulation
他 【た】other (esp. people and abstract matters)
化 【か】action of making something, -ification
色 【しょく】counter for colours
位 【くらい】① throne, crown, (nobleman's) seat ② government position, court rank ③ social standing, rank, class, echelon, rung ④ grade (of quality, etc.), level, tier, rank ⑤ digit (e.g. the tens, the hundreds, etc.), place ⑥ degree, extent, amount
偉い 【えらい】① great, excellent, admirable, remarkable, distinguished, important, celebrated, famous, eminent ② awful, terrible
温泉 【おんせん】spa, hot spring, onsen
過ごす 【すごす】① to pass (time), to spend ② to overdo (esp. of one's alcohol consumption), to drink (alcohol) ③ to overdo, to do too much ④ to ... without acting on it
汗 【あせ】① sweat, perspiration ② moisture, condensation
管理 【かんり】control, management (e.g. of a business)
間違い 【まちがい】mistake
給料 【きゅうりょう】salary, wages
許可 【きょか】permission, approval, authorization
建築 【けんちく】construction, architecture
減る 【へる】to decrease (in size or number), to diminish, to abate
合格 【ごうかく】success, passing (e.g. exam), eligibility
婚約 【こんやく】engagement, betrothal
材料 【ざいりょう】ingredients, material
札 【さつ】note, paper money
賛成 【さんせい】approval, agreement, support, favour, favor
伺う 【うかがう】① to visit, to ask, to inquire, to hear, to be told ② to implore (a god for an oracle), to seek direction (from your superior) ③ to visit ④ to speak to (a large crowd at a theatre, etc.)
支店 【してん】branch store (office)
収入 【しゅうにゅう】income, receipts, revenue
祝い 【いわい】congratulation, congratulations, celebration, festival, congratulatory gift
出席 【しゅっせき】① attendance, presence, appearance ② to attend, to be present, to appear
情報 【じょうほう】① news, gossip, (military) intelligence ② information (data contained in characters, signals, code, etc.)
食欲 【しょくよく】appetite (for food)
信じる 【しんじる】to believe, to believe in, to place trust in, to confide in, to have faith in
申し込む 【もうしこむ】to apply for, to make an application, to propose (marriage), to offer (mediation), to make an overture (of peace), to challenge, to lodge (objections), to request (an interview), to subscribe for, to book, to reserve
成人 【せいじん】① adult ② to grow up, to mature ③ to come of age
成績 【せいせき】results, record, grades
設計 【せっけい】plan, design, layout
設備 【せつび】equipment, device, facilities, installation
絶対 【ぜったい】① absolutely, unconditionally ② absolute, unconditional, unmistakable ③ absoluteness
双子 【ふたご】twins, a twin
存じる 【ぞんじる】to think, feel, consider, know, etc.
孫 【まご】grandchild
損 【そん】loss, disadvantage
遅刻 【ちこく】lateness, late coming
貯金 【ちょきん】(bank) savings
調査 【ちょうさ】investigation, examination, inquiry, enquiry, survey
直接 【ちょくせつ】direct, immediate, personal, firsthand
到着 【とうちゃく】arrival
届く 【とどく】① to reach, to arrive, to get through, to get at ② to be attentive, to pay attention ③ to be delivered, to carry (e.g. sound)
熱心 【ねっしん】zeal, enthusiasm
濃い 【こい】① deep (colour), dark ② strong (flavour, smell, etc.) ③ thick (consistency), dense ④ strong (possibility, etc.) ⑤ thick (i.e. "as thick as thieves"), close, deep (love, etc.)
販売 【はんばい】sales, selling, marketing
付ける 【つける】① to attach, to join, to add, to append, to affix, to stick, to glue, to fasten, to sew on, to apply (ointment) ② to furnish (a house with) ③ to wear, to put on ④ to keep a diary, to make an entry ⑤ to appraise, to set (a price) ⑥ to bring alongside ⑦ to place (under guard or doctor) ⑧ to follow, to shadow ⑨ to load, to give (courage to) ⑩ to keep (an eye on) ⑪ to establish (relations or understanding) ⑫ to turn on (light)
便 【びん】① flight (e.g. airline flight), trip (e.g. train trip), service ② mail, post, letter ③ opportunity, chance
暮らす 【くらす】① to live, to get along ② to spend (time)
方法 【ほうほう】method, process, manner, way, means, technique
戻す 【もどす】to restore, to put back, to return, to give back
輸入 【ゆにゅう】importation, import, introduction
涙 【なみだ】① tear, tears, lachrymal secretion ② sympathy
論文 【ろんぶん】thesis, essay, treatise, paper, article
降ろす 【おろす】① to take down (e.g. flag), to launch (e.g. boat), to drop, to lower (e.g. ladder), to let (a person) off, to unload, to discharge ② to drop off (a passenger from a vehicle), to let (a person) off ③ to withdraw money from an account ④ to wear (clothing) for the first time ⑤ to fillet (e.g. a fish)
年齢 【ねんれい】age, years
宇宙 【うちゅう】universe, cosmos, space
猿 【さる】① monkey (esp. the Japanese macaque, Macaca fuscata) ② sly person ③ sliding wooden bolt (for holding a door or window shut) ④ clasp used to control the height of a pot-hook
遠慮なく 【えんりょなく】without reservation
怪我 【けが】injury (to animate object), hurt
休憩 【きゅうけい】rest, break, recess, intermission
健康 【けんこう】health, sound, wholesome
飼う 【かう】to keep, to raise, to feed
臭い 【くさい】① stinking, smelly ② suspicious, fishy ③ clumsy
詳しい 【くわしい】knowing very well, detailed, full, accurate
酔う 【よう】to get drunk, to become intoxicated
成功 【せいこう】success, hit
大抵 【たいてい】① mostly, ordinarily, usually, generally ② probably ③ most, almost all ④ (before a neg. form) ordinary ⑤ proper, appropriate, moderate
霧 【きり】fog, mist
誘う 【さそう】① to invite, to ask, to call (for) ② to tempt, to lure, to induce
離婚 【りこん】divorce
化粧 【けしょう】make-up, cosmetics
傷 【きず】① wound, injury, cut, gash, bruise, scratch, scrape, scar ② chip, crack, scratch, nick ③ flaw, defect, weakness, weak point ④ stain (on one's reputation), disgrace, dishonor, dishonour ⑤ (emotional) hurt, hurt feelings
褒める 【ほめる】to praise, to admire, to speak well
餌 【えさ】feed, bait
蓋 【ふた】cover, lid, cap
ことわざproverb, maxim
ご覧 【ごらん】① (after the -te form of a verb) (please) try to ② (please) look ③ seeing, looking, watching
しかるto scold
かく① to scratch ② to perspire ③ to shovel, to paddle
そのままwithout change, as it is (i.e. now)
誰か 【だれか】someone, somebody
諦める 【あきらめる】to give up, to abandon
纏める 【まとめる】to put in order, to collect, to bring to a conclusion, to put (it all) together
鍋 【なべ】saucepan, pot
紐 【ひも】① string, cord ② man who is financially dependent on a woman (such as a gigolo or, in the case of a prostitute, a pimp), pimp
かなりconsiderably, fairly, quite
かかるto suffer from
せいcause, reason, fault
おじさん① uncle ② old man, mister (vocative)
お先に 【おさきに】① before, previously ② ahead ③ Pardon me for leaving (before you)
休業 【きゅうぎょう】closed (e.g. store), business suspended, shutdown, holiday
集まる 【あつまる】to gather, to collect, to assemble
大学院 【だいがくいん】graduate school
園 【えん】① garden (esp. man-made), orchard, park, plantation ② place, location
期 【き】① period, time ② (geological) age
局 【きょく】① channel (i.e. TV or radio), station, department ② affair, situation
原料 【げんりょう】raw materials
退院 【たいいん】leaving hospital, discharge from hospital
夜間 【やかん】at night, nighttime
留守番 【るすばん】① care-taking, house-sitting, house-watching ② caretaker, house-sitter
夜行 【やこう】walking around at night, night train, night travel
港 【こう】harbour (in location names)
灰 【はい】ash, ashes
缶詰 【かんづめ】packing (in cans), canning, canned goods, tin can
詰まる 【つまる】① to be blocked, to be packed ② to hit the ball near the handle of the bat (baseball)
再 【さい】re-, again, repeated
再来月 【さらいげつ】month after next
宅 【たく】house, home, husband
通信 【つうしん】correspondence, communication, transmission, news, signal
破れる 【やぶれる】to get torn, to wear out
拝見 【はいけん】seeing, look at
判子 【はんこ】seal (used for signature)
予報 【よほう】forecast, prediction
冷やす 【ひやす】to cool, to chill, to refrigerate
家 【か】-ist (used after a noun indicating someone's occupation, pursuits, disposition, etc.), -er
休養 【きゅうよう】rest, break, recreation
紺 【こん】navy blue, deep blue
煮る 【にる】to boil, to cook
葬式 【そうしき】funeral
あう① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
調節 【ちょうせつ】regulation, adjustment, control
風呂敷 【ふろしき】wrapping cloth, cloth wrapper
矢印 【やじるし】arrow (mark or symbol), directional marker or indicator
算盤 【そろばん】abacus
茶碗 【ちゃわん】rice bowl, tea cup, teacup
栓 【せん】stopper, cork, stopcock
よる① to be due to, to be caused by ② to depend on, to turn on ③ to be based on, to come from
咳 【せき】cough, coughing, tussis
たんすchest of drawers, bureau, cabinet, tansu, dresser
叔母さん 【おばさん】aunt (younger than one's parent)
間 【ま】space, room, time, pause
携帯 【けいたい】something carried (in the hand), handheld
誤る 【あやまる】① to make a mistake, to err ② to mislead, to misguide
交わる 【まじわる】to cross, to intersect, to associate with, to mingle with, to interest, to join
策 【さく】plan, policy
塾 【じゅく】coaching school, cramming school, juku
仙 【せん】hermit, wizard
捜査 【そうさ】search (esp. in criminal investigations), investigation, inquiry, enquiry
電源 【でんげん】① source of electricity, electrical power ② power (button on TV, etc.)
美 【び】beauty
弁 【べん】Oversight Department (division of the daijokan responsible for controlling central and provincial governmental offices)
未だ 【いまだ】① as yet, hitherto, still ② not yet (with negative verb)
連休 【れんきゅう】consecutive holidays
図る 【はかる】① to plot, to attempt, to plan, to devise, to design ② to take in, to deceive ③ to aim for, to have something in mind ④ to refer A to B
書 【しょ】① document, book ② penmanship, handwriting, calligraphy (esp. Chinese)
汚す 【けがす】to disgrace, to dishonour, to dishonor, to defile
キー① key ② long squealing sound
クリーニングcleaning, dry cleaning, laundry service
シングル① single ② single-digit handicap (e.g. golf)
センスgood taste (for music, style, tact, etc.) (from sense)
センチ① centimeter ② centi-, 10^-2 ③ sentimental
ソース① sauce (esp. Worcestershire sauce) ② source
タオル(hand) towel
データdata, datum
デートdate, go on a date
トラック① truck ② track (running, CD, DVD, etc.)
ドライバー① driver (of a vehicle) ② screwdriver ③ driver (golf) ④ driver (device driver)
ドラマ① drama ② TV drama, teledrama, play
バス停bus stop
パトカーpatrol car
パンフレットbrochure, pamphlet
フロント① front ② reception (hotel, etc.), front desk
マーク① mark ② markup ③ Mach (OS kernel)
マラソンmarathon, long-distance race
マンションlarge apartment (from mansion), apartment house
ミリ① milli-, 10^-3 ② millimetre, millimeter
レバー① lever, joystick ② liver
入国 【にゅうこく】entry to a country
母子 【ぼし】mother and child
本日 【ほんじつ】today
半年 【はんとし】half year
長生き 【ながいき】longevity, long life
たった今 【たったいま】just now, a moment ago, this very minute
カットcut, cutting
ガイドtour guide
ガムchewing gum
シートベルトseat belt, seatbelt
ペット① pet ② trumpet
ボール① ball ② bowl ③ board (e.g. cardboard, pasteboard)
運動会 【うんどうかい】athletic meet
駅員 【えきいん】station attendant
新年 【しんねん】New Year
茶道 【さどう】tea ceremony, Way of Tea
本社 【ほんしゃ】① head office, main office, headquarters ② main shrine ③ this company, this shrine
夕 【ゆう】① evening ② last night
洋食 【ようしょく】Western-style meal
入り口 【いりくち】entrance, entry, gate, approach, mouth
音楽家 【おんがくか】musician
立ち入り 【たちいり】entering
ごみ箱 【ごみばこ】garbage can, garbage box, rubbish bin, trash can, dust bin, dustbin
絵本 【えほん】picture book
玉ねぎ 【たまねぎ】onion (edible plant, Allium cepa)
型 【がた】① model, type (e.g. of machine, goods, etc.) ② type, style, pattern ③ mold (mould), template, model ④ kata (standard form of a movement, posture, etc. in martial arts, sport, etc.) ⑤ form (i.e. customary procedure) ⑥ size (i.e. clothing, shoes)
お年玉 【おとしだま】New Year's gift
山登り 【やまのぼり】mountain climbing, mountaineering
早退 【そうたい】leave early
体温計 【たいおんけい】medical thermometer
大勢 【たいせい】general trend, current thought
麦 【むぎ】wheat, barley, oat (oats)
和食 【わしょく】Japanese-style meal
次 【じ】① next ② hypo- (i.e. containing an element with low valence) ③ order, sequence, time, times
絵葉書 【えはがき】picture postcard
落す 【おとす】① to drop, to lose, to let fall ② to clean off (dirt, makeup, paint, etc.), to remove (e.g. stains) ③ to download
悲しみ 【かなしみ】sadness, sorrow, grief
ぶつ① stock, products ② stolen goods, loot, spoils
米 【べい】America, American
刺し 【さし】① sharpened tube for testing rice in bags ② sashimi (sliced raw fish)
宅配 【たくはい】home delivery
報せ 【しらせ】notice, notification
仲良く 【なかよく】making friends with, getting along well with, on cordial terms
非常口 【ひじょうぐち】emergency exit
忘年会 【ぼうねんかい】year-end party
領収 【りょうしゅう】receipt, voucher
申し込み 【もうしこみ】application, entry, request, subscription, offer, proposal, overture, challenge
抜き 【ぬき】① without, not including, dispensed with ② (beating) in succession
機 【き】① chance, opportunity ② machine ③ aircraft ④ counter for aircraft ⑤ counter for remaining lives (in video games)
たまoccasional, rare
仮称 【かしょう】temporary name
救急 【きゅうきゅう】first-aid, emergency (aid)
結婚式 【けっこんしき】marriage ceremony, wedding
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
漬かる 【つかる】to be pickled, to be well seasoned
罰金 【ばっきん】fine, penalty
弁護士 【べんごし】lawyer, attorney
いく① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
展覧 【てんらん】exhibition, show
鐶 【たまき】bracer (for the elbow of an archer)