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Basic Kanji Book Vol 1


561 entriesCreated by Merve K. — Last modified: 2011-11-14 11:48:55
お金 【おかね】money
お父さん 【おとうさん】father
お母さん 【おかあさん】mother
一 【いち】① one ② best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective follows)
右 【みぎ】① right, right hand side ② afore-mentioned (esp. in vertical Japanese writing), foregoing, forgoing, above
雨 【あめ】rain
駅 【えき】station
円 【えん】① Yen, money ② circle
下手 【へた】① unskillful, poor, awkward ② imprudent, untactful
花 【はな】① flower, blossom, bloom, petal ② blooming (esp. of cherry blossoms), cherry blossom ③ ikebana ④ Japanese playing cards ⑤ beauty ⑥ (the) best
会社 【かいしゃ】① company, corporation ② workplace
外国 【がいこく】foreign country
学校 【がっこう】school
学生 【がくせい】student (esp. a university student)
休み 【やすみ】① rest, recess, respite ② vacation, holiday, absence, suspension ③ dormancy (of a silkworm prior to moulting)
五 【ご】five
午後 【ごご】afternoon, p.m.
午前 【ごぜん】morning, a.m.
後ろ 【うしろ】back, behind, rear
今 【いま】now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more
今月 【こんげつ】this month
左 【ひだり】left, left hand side
時間 【じかん】① time ② hours
耳 【みみ】① ear ② hearing ③ edge, crust ④ selvedge (non-fray machined edge of fabrics), selvage
七 【なな】seven
週間 【しゅうかん】week, weekly
出口 【でぐち】exit, gateway, way out, outlet, leak, vent
女の子 【おんなのこ】girl
少し 【すこし】① small quantity, little, few, something ② little while ③ short distance
上手 【じょうず】① skill, skillful, dexterity ② flattery
新聞 【しんぶん】newspaper
西 【にし】west
先 【さき】① previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding ② point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle ③ head (of a line), front ④ ahead, the other side ⑤ the future, hereafter ⑥ destination ⑦ the other party
先月 【せんげつ】last month
先週 【せんしゅう】last week, the week before
先生 【せんせい】① teacher, master, doctor ② with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific
千 【せん】1,000, thousand
川 【がわ】① river, stream ② the .... river, (suffix used with the names of rivers)
足 【あし】① foot ② leg ③ gait ④ pace
大学 【だいがく】① post-secondary education institution, incl. university, college, etc. ② the Great Learning - one of the Four Books
大人 【おとな】adult
男 【おとこ】man
男の子 【おとこのこ】boy, male child, baby boy
中 【なか】① inside, in ② among, within ③ center (centre), middle ④ during, while
天気 【てんき】① weather, the elements ② fair weather, fine weather
電気 【でんき】① electricity ② (electric) light
電車 【でんしゃ】(electric) train
電話 【でんわ】telephone
東 【ひがし】east
道 【みち】① road, street, way, path, course, route, lane ② distance, ways (e.g. "a long ways") ③ the way (of proper conduct, etc.), one's way, morals ④ teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma ⑤ field (of medicine, etc.), subject ⑥ way, method, means
南 【みなみ】south
二 【に】two
日本語 【にほんご】Japanese (language)
半分 【はんぶん】half
百 【ひゃく】100, hundred
父 【ちち】father
母 【はは】mother
北 【きた】north
本 【ほん】① book, volume ② main, head, this, our, present, real ③ counter for long cylindrical things
毎週 【まいしゅう】every week
毎日 【まいにち】every day
名前 【なまえ】① name, full name ② given name, first name
木 【き】tree, wood, timber
来月 【らいげつ】next month
来週 【らいしゅう】next week
来年 【らいねん】next year
何 【なん】① what ② how many (some counter)
九 【きゅう】nine
今年 【ことし】this year
三 【さん】three
四 【よん】four
十 【じゅう】10, ten
八 【はち】eight
万 【まん】① 10,000, ten thousand ② myriads ③ everything, all
六 【ろく】six
目 【め】① eye, eyeball ② eyesight ③ look ④ experience ⑤ viewpoint ⑥ ordinal number suffix ⑦ somewhat, -ish
時 【じ】① hour, o'clock ② (specified) time, when ..., during ...
日 【にち】① Sunday ② day (of the month) ③ counter for days
年 【ねん】① year (e.g. AD) ② counter for years
山 【さん】Mt (suffix used with the names of mountains), Mount
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
お茶 【おちゃ】① tea (usu. green) ② tea break (at work) ③ tea ceremony
医者 【いしゃ】(medical) doctor, physician
映画 【えいが】movie, film
英語 【えいご】English (language)
家族 【かぞく】family, members of a family
歌 【うた】① song ② classical Japanese poetry (esp. tanka) ③ modern poetry
漢字 【かんじ】Chinese characters, kanji
牛肉 【ぎゅうにく】beef
去年 【きょねん】last year
強い 【つよい】① strong, powerful, mighty, potent ② resistant, resilient, durable
教室 【きょうしつ】classroom
近く 【ちかく】① near, neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity ② nearly (i.e. "it took nearly one year"), close to ③ shortly, soon
兄さん 【にいさん】① older brother, elder brother ② brother (as older-brother figure in friendly and or work relationship) ③ (vocative) young man, buddy, fella, laddie
兄弟 【きょうだい】siblings, brothers and sisters
月 【つき】① moon ② month
元気 【げんき】health(y), robust, vigor, vigour, energy, vitality, vim, stamina, spirit, courage, pep
ご飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
好き 【すき】liking, fondness, love
作文 【さくぶん】① writing (an essay, prose, etc.), composition ② formal writing with little real meaning
姉 【あね】older sister, elder sister
姉さん 【ねえさん】① elder sister ② (vocative) young lady ③ miss (referring to a waitress, etc.) ④ ma'am (used by geisha to refer to their superiors)
私 【わたし】① I, me ② private affairs, personal matter, secrecy ③ selfishness
時計 【とけい】watch, clock, timepiece
自動車 【じどうしゃ】automobile
質問 【しつもん】question, inquiry, enquiry
手紙 【てがみ】letter
習う 【ならう】to learn
食べ物 【たべもの】food
図書館 【としょかん】library
水曜日 【すいようび】Wednesday
切手 【きって】stamp (postage), merchandise certificate
台所 【だいどころ】kitchen
大使館 【たいしかん】embassy
大切 【たいせつ】important, valuable, worthy of care
地図 【ちず】map
昼 【ひる】① noon, midday ② daytime ③ lunch
朝 【あさ】morning
鳥 【とり】① bird ② bird meat (esp. chicken meat), fowl, poultry
度 【ど】① degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.) ② counter for occurrences and times ③ strength (of alcohol)
答える 【こたえる】to answer, to reply
動物 【どうぶつ】animal
肉 【にく】① flesh ② meat ③ the physical body (as opposed to the spirit) ④ thickness ⑤ ink pad
病院 【びょういん】hospital
病気 【びょうき】illness, disease, sickness
勉強 【べんきょう】① study ② diligence ③ discount, reduction
妹 【いもうと】younger sister
問題 【もんだい】problem, question
夜 【よる】evening, night
有名 【ゆうめい】① famous ② fame
夕べ 【ゆうべ】① evening ② last night
夕方 【ゆうがた】evening
旅行 【りょこう】travel, trip
料理 【りょうり】① cooking, cookery, cuisine ② dealing with something, handling, administration, management
門 【もん】① gate ② branch of learning based on the teachings of a single master ③ (biological) division ④ counter for cannons
買い物 【かいもの】shopping, purchased goods
飲み物 【のみもの】drink, beverage
町 【まち】① town, block, neighbourhood, neighborhood ② street, road ③ 109.09 m ④ 0.99 hectares
荷物 【にもつ】① luggage, baggage ② burden ③ payload (of a packet, cell, etc.)
言葉 【ことば】① language, dialect ② word, words, phrase, term, expression, remark ③ speech, (manner of) speaking
交番 【こうばん】① police box ② alternation, alternating (e.g. current)
公園 【こうえん】(public) park
宿題 【しゅくだい】homework
晴れ 【はれ】① clear weather ② public, formal ③ cleared of suspicion
雪 【ゆき】snow
地下鉄 【ちかてつ】underground train, subway
番号 【ばんごう】number, series of digits
部屋 【へや】① room ② sumo stable
方 【かた】① direction, way ② person, lady, gentleman ③ method of, manner of, way of ④ care of .. ⑤ person in charge of .. ⑥ side (e.g. "on my mother's side")
練習 【れんしゅう】practice, practise
弟 【おとうと】younger brother
奥さん 【おくさん】wife, your wife, his wife, married lady, madam
喫茶店 【きっさてん】coffee lounge, coffee shop, (rather formal) cafe
牛乳 【ぎゅうにゅう】(cow's) milk
紅茶 【こうちゃ】black tea
今晩 【こんばん】tonight, this evening
静か 【しずか】quiet, peaceful
切符 【きっぷ】ticket
晩 【ばん】① evening ② counter for nights
彼 【かれ】① he, him ② boyfriend
彼ら 【かれら】they (usually male), them
彼女 【かのじょ】① she, her ② girl friend, girlfriend, sweetheart
便利 【べんり】convenient, handy, useful
honourable, honorable
日本 【にっぽん】Japan
安心 【あんしん】relief, peace of mind
意見 【いけん】opinion, view
医学 【いがく】medical science, medicine
運動 【うんどう】motion, exercise
屋上 【おくじょう】rooftop
火 【ひ】fire, flame, blaze
会話 【かいわ】conversation
気分 【きぶん】feeling, mood
教会 【きょうかい】church
計画 【けいかく】plan, project, schedule, scheme, program, programme
研究 【けんきゅう】study, research, investigation
見物 【けんぶつ】sightseeing, sightseer, watching, watcher
好く 【すく】to like, to love, to be fond of
工業 【こうぎょう】(manufacturing) industry
校長 【こうちょう】principal, headmaster
高校 【こうこう】senior high school
今度 【こんど】now, this time, next time, another time
今夜 【こんや】this evening, tonight
字 【じ】① character (i.e. kanji) ② hand-writing, penmanship ③ the ... word (i.e. "the L word" = "love")
社会 【しゃかい】society, public
社長 【しゃちょう】company president, manager, director
小学校 【しょうがっこう】primary school, elementary school, grade school
少年 【しょうねん】boys, juveniles
場合 【ばあい】case, situation
食事 【しょくじ】① meal ② to eat
親 【おや】① parent, parents ② dealer (in cards) ③ founder ④ (pet) owner
親切 【しんせつ】kindness, gentleness
人口 【じんこう】① population ② common talk
水道 【すいどう】water service, water supply
西洋 【せいよう】the west, Western countries
村 【むら】village
着物 【きもの】① clothing, clothes ② kimono (or other trad. Japanese clothing)
昼休み 【ひるやすみ】lunch break, noon recess, noon rest period
店員 【てんいん】shop assistant, employee, clerk, salesperson
入院 【にゅういん】hospitalization, hospitalisation
入学 【にゅうがく】entry to school or university, matriculation
不便 【ふべん】inconvenience, inexpediency, unhandiness
文学 【ぶんがく】literature
工場 【こうじょう】factory, plant, mill, workshop
夕飯 【ゆうはん】evening meal
売り場 【うりば】place where things are sold, point of sale, POS, sales floor, counter (in shop)
気持ち 【きもち】feeling, sensation, mood
安全 【あんぜん】① safety ② security
育てる 【そだてる】to raise, to rear, to bring up
雲 【くも】cloud
家内 【かない】① (my) wife ② inside the home, one's family
科学 【かがく】science
客 【きゃく】① guest, visitor ② customer, client, shopper, spectator, audience, tourist, sightseer, passenger
教育 【きょういく】training, education
近所 【きんじょ】neighbourhood, neighborhood
交通 【こうつう】communication, transportation, traffic, intercourse
市 【し】city
糸 【いと】thread, yarn, string
寺 【てら】temple (Buddhist)
住所 【じゅうしょ】address (e.g. of house), residence, domicile
場所 【ばしょ】① place, location, spot, position ② room, space ③ basho (sumo wrestling tournament)
森 【もり】① forest ② shrine grove
神社 【じんじゃ】Shinto shrine
水泳 【すいえい】swimming
数学 【すうがく】mathematics, arithmetic
番組 【ばんぐみ】program (e.g. TV), programme
文化 【ぶんか】① culture, civilization, civilisation ② Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)
様 【さま】① Mr, Mrs or Ms ② used (gen. in fixed expressions) to make words more polite ③ manner, kind, appearance
理由 【りゆう】reason, pretext, motive
島 【とう】island (in placenames)
経済 【けいざい】economics, business, finance, economy
妻 【つま】① wife ② garnish (esp. one served with sashimi) ③ embellishment
済む 【すむ】① to finish, to end, to be completed ② to merely result in something less severe than expected ③ to feel at ease ④ (neg) to feel unease or guilt for troubling someone, to be sorry
市民 【しみん】citizen, townspeople
習慣 【しゅうかん】custom, habit, manners
招待 【しょうたい】invitation
政治 【せいじ】politics, government
専門 【せんもん】speciality, specialty, subject of study, expert
夫 【おっと】husband
利用 【りよう】use, utilization, utilisation, application
歴史 【れきし】history
辞典 【じてん】dictionary
火山 【かざん】volcano
外出 【がいしゅつ】outing, trip, going out
金 【きん】① gold, golden (color), metaphor for (most) valuable, gold (medal, cup) ② money (written before an amount) ③ Friday ④ metal (fourth of the five elements) ⑤ Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE) ⑥ gold general (shogi) ⑦ karat, carat
左右 【さゆう】① left and right ② influence, control, domination
上 【じょう】① from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of ② aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above ③ first volume (e.g. book) ④ superior quality, best, top, high class ⑤ going up ⑥ governmental, imperial ⑦ presenting, showing
男子 【だんし】youth, young man
読み 【よみ】reading
読書 【どくしょ】reading
年間 【ねんかん】year (period of)
毎 【ごと】each respectively
友人 【ゆうじん】friend
中 【ちゅう】① medium, average, middle ② moderation ③ middle school ④ China ⑤ in, out of (e.g. three out of ten people) ⑥ during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while
間 【かん】① interval, period of time ② among, between, inter-
後 【ご】after
歌手 【かしゅ】singer
花火 【はなび】fireworks
海外 【かいがい】foreign, abroad, overseas
学習 【がくしゅう】study, learning, tutorial
牛 【うし】① cattle, cow, ox, oxen ② beef ③ Chinese "Ox" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
広場 【ひろば】plaza
行動 【こうどう】action, conduct, behaviour, behavior, mobilization, mobilisation
国家 【こっか】state, country, nation
作品 【さくひん】work (e.g. book, film, composition, etc.), opus, performance, production
室 【しつ】① room ② Chinese "Encampment" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
質 【しつ】quality
書店 【しょてん】bookshop, bookstore
上京 【じょうきょう】proceeding to the capital (Tokyo)
親友 【しんゆう】close friend, bosom (old, intimate) friend, buddy, crony, chum
図 【ず】figure (e.g. Fig 1), drawing, picture, illustration
正午 【しょうご】noon, mid-day
青年 【せいねん】youth, young man
多少 【たしょう】more or less, somewhat, a little, some
大家 【おおや】landlord, landlady
地 【ち】① earth, ground, land, soil ② place ③ territory ④ bottom (of a package, book, etc.) ⑤ earth (one of the five elements)
地下 【ちか】① basement, cellar, underground place ② underground, below ground ③ secret, under cover
地方 【ちほう】① area, locality, district, region, province ② countryside, rural area ③ coast (esp. as seen from the water) ④ person singing ballads in Noh, person in charge of music in a Japanese dance performance
中止 【ちゅうし】suspension, stoppage, discontinuance, interruption
中心 【ちゅうしん】center, centre, middle, heart, core, focus, pivot, emphasis, balance
土地 【とち】plot of land, lot, soil
動作 【どうさ】action, movements, motions, bearing, behaviour, behavior, execution, actuation, operation, manners
不運 【ふうん】unlucky, misfortune, bad luck, fate
不足 【ふそく】insufficiency, shortage, deficiency, lack, dearth
父親 【ちちおや】father
文 【ぶん】sentence, text
文字 【もじ】① letter (of alphabet), character ② literal
歩道 【ほどう】footpath, walkway, sidewalk
母親 【ははおや】mother
夕食 【ゆうしょく】evening meal, dinner
力 【りょく】strength, power
話題 【わだい】topic, subject
姉妹 【しまい】sisters
主人 【しゅじん】① head (of a household), proprietor (of a store), proprietress, landlord, landlady ② one's husband ③ (one's) employer, (one's) master ④ host, hostess
少女 【しょうじょ】young lady, little girl, virgin, maiden, daughter
昼食 【ちゅうしょく】① lunch, midday meal ② food served at a tea party (tea ceremony)
者 【しゃ】someone of that nature, someone doing that work
遠足 【えんそく】excursion, outing, trip
温度 【おんど】temperature
化学 【かがく】① chemistry ② chemical company (e.g. Acme Chemical Co.)
岩 【いわ】rock, crag
強調 【きょうちょう】emphasis, highlight, stress, stressed point
教科書 【きょうかしょ】textbook, text book
区別 【くべつ】distinction, differentiation, classification
県 【けん】① prefecture (of Japan) ② county (of China)
言語 【げんご】language
高速 【こうそく】① high speed, high gear ② highway, freeway, expressway, motorway
号 【ごう】① number, edition, make, model, issue, part of that group ② sobriquet, pen-name
進歩 【しんぽ】progress, development
数える 【かぞえる】to count, to enumerate
生物 【せいぶつ】living things, creature
石油 【せきゆ】oil, petroleum, kerosene
速度 【そくど】speed, velocity, rate
地区 【ちく】district, section, sector
通学 【つうがく】commuting to school, school commute
低下 【ていか】fall, decline, lowering, deterioration, degradation
鉄道 【てつどう】railroad
都会 【とかい】city
都市 【とし】town, city, municipal, urban
部 【ぶ】① department (in an organization), division, bureau ② club ③ part, component, element ④ category ⑤ counter for copies of a newspaper or magazine
部分 【ぶぶん】portion, section, part
物語 【ものがたり】tale, story, legend
物理 【ぶつり】physics, law of nature
友情 【ゆうじょう】friendship, fellowship, camaraderie
様子 【ようす】① state, state of affairs, situation, circumstances ② appearance, look, aspect ③ sign, indication
留学 【りゅうがく】studying abroad (usu. at university level)
乗客 【じょうきゃく】passenger
数 【かず】number, amount
数 【すう】① several, a number of ② number, numeral, figure ③ destiny, fate ④ law
奥 【おく】interior, inner part, inside
帰宅 【きたく】returning home
経営 【けいえい】management, administration
広告 【こうこく】advertisement
航空 【こうくう】aviation, flying
困難 【こんなん】difficulty, distress
週末 【しゅうまつ】weekend
住宅 【じゅうたく】residence, housing, residential building
住民 【じゅうみん】citizens, inhabitants, residents, population
宿泊 【しゅくはく】lodging
信号 【しんごう】traffic lights, signal, semaphore
性質 【せいしつ】nature, property, disposition
政府 【せいふ】government, administration
遅刻 【ちこく】lateness, late coming
到着 【とうちゃく】arrival
頭痛 【ずつう】headache
疲れ 【つかれ】tiredness, fatigue
夫妻 【ふさい】man and wife, married couple
夫人 【ふじん】wife, Mrs, madam
便り 【たより】① news, tidings, information, correspondence, letter ② news from ...
方法 【ほうほう】method, process, manner, way, means, technique
訪問 【ほうもん】call, visit
夫婦 【ふうふ】married couple, spouses, husband and wife, couple, pair
痛み 【いたみ】pain, ache, sore, grief, distress
有利 【ゆうり】advantageous, better, profitable, lucrative
労働 【ろうどう】① manual labor, manual labour, toil, work ② Labour Party
下車 【げしゃ】alighting (from train, bus, etc.), getting off
前 【ぜん】① the last (i.e. immediately preceding) (e.g. "the last mayor"), previous, one-time, former ② (before the name of an era) pre- (e.g. "premodern") ③ before, earlier
長男 【ちょうなん】eldest son
南北 【なんぼく】south and north
来日 【らいにち】arrival in Japan, coming to Japan, visit to Japan
下町 【したまち】Shitamachi, lower parts of town
開会 【かいかい】opening of a meeting
金魚 【きんぎょ】goldfish
元日 【がんじつ】New Year's Day
工事 【こうじ】construction work, construction, work (related to construction, e.g. painting, concrete-pouring, etc.)
国立 【こくりつ】national
私立 【しりつ】private (establishment)
書道 【しょどう】calligraphy (esp. Chinese)
大学院 【だいがくいん】graduate school
題名 【だいめい】title
中古 【ちゅうこ】① used, second-hand, old ② Middle Ages
田んぼ 【たんぼ】paddy field, farm
売店 【ばいてん】shop, stand
飯 【めし】① meals, food ② cooked rice ③ one's livelihood
目上 【めうえ】superior, superiors, senior
問い 【とい】question, query
弟子 【でし】pupil, disciple, adherent, follower, apprentice, young person, teacher's student-helper
館 【かん】house, hall, building
園 【えん】① garden (esp. man-made), orchard, park, plantation ② place, location
貝 【かい】shell, shellfish
外科 【げか】surgical department
記号 【きごう】symbol, code, sign, notation
実力 【じつりょく】① (real) ability, true strength, merit, efficiency, competency ② arms, force
乗車 【じょうしゃ】taking a train, bus, etc., entraining
森林 【しんりん】forest, woods
体育 【たいいく】physical education, gymnastics, athletics
待合室 【まちあいしつ】waiting room
竹 【たけ】① bamboo ② middle (of a three-tier ranking system)
内科 【ないか】① internal medicine, i.e. treatment by medical procedures rather than surgical procedures ② department of internal medicine (hospital, etc.)
南米 【なんべい】South America
農村 【のうそん】agricultural community, farm village, rural
畑 【はたけ】① field (for fruits, vegetables, etc.), cultivated land, vegetable plot, kitchen garden, plantation ② field (of specialization), sphere, area
半島 【はんとう】peninsula
名所 【めいしょ】① famous place ② name of a part (of an instrument, etc.) ③ name and address
名物 【めいぶつ】famous product, special product, speciality, specialty
毛糸 【けいと】knitting wool
目次 【もくじ】table of contents
薬局 【やっきょく】pharmacy, chemist (shop), drugstore
書留 【かきとめ】① registered mail ② registration (e.g. of mail), writing down, putting on record, recording, making a note of
都 【と】metropolitan, municipal
関西 【かんさい】Kansai (south-western half of Japan, including Osaka)
関東 【かんとう】Kantou (eastern half of Japan, including Tokyo)
県庁 【けんちょう】prefectural office
治める 【おさめる】① to govern, to manage ② to subdue
自宅 【じたく】one's home
速達 【そくたつ】express, special delivery
宅 【たく】house, home, husband
昼寝 【ひるね】nap (afternoon), siesta
閉会 【へいかい】closure (of a ceremony, event, meeting, etc.)
便所 【べんじょ】toilet, lavatory, rest room, latrine, comfort station
治す 【なおす】① to cure, to heal ② to fix, to correct, to repair ③ to do over again (after -masu base of verb) ④ to replace, to put back as it was ⑤ to convert (into a different state), to transform
家 【か】-ist (used after a noun indicating someone's occupation, pursuits, disposition, etc.), -er
研修 【けんしゅう】training (esp. in-service), induction course
市場 【しじょう】(the) market (as a concept)
公開 【こうかい】open to the public, exhibit
主 【おも】① chief, main, principal, important ② main secondary or supporting role (in kyogen)
読者 【どくしゃ】reader
私鉄 【してつ】private railway
医院 【いいん】doctor's office (surgery), clinic, dispensary
雨天 【うてん】rainy weather
化石 【かせき】fossil, petrifaction, fossilization, fossilisation
学歴 【がくれき】academic background
岩石 【がんせき】rock
区 【く】ward, district, section
経る 【へる】to pass, to elapse, to experience
公立 【こうりつ】public (institution)
工学 【こうがく】engineering
行政 【ぎょうせい】administration
持続 【じぞく】continuation
所有 【しょゆう】one's possessions, ownership
水田 【すいでん】(water-filled) paddy field
晴天 【せいてん】fine weather
静止 【せいし】stillness, repose, standing still
多忙 【たぼう】busy, pressure of work
体力 【たいりょく】physical strength
退学 【たいがく】dropping out of school
短大 【たんだい】junior college
土木 【どぼく】public works
肉体 【にくたい】the body, the flesh
疲労 【ひろう】fatigue, weariness
返済 【へんさい】repayment, reimbursement, refund, redemption
返答 【へんとう】reply
母国 【ぼこく】one's homeland
問い合わせる 【といあわせる】to enquire, to inquire, to seek information
油絵 【あぶらえ】oil painting
有力 【ゆうりょく】① influential, prominent ② strong, likely, plausible, potent
様式 【ようしき】style, form, pattern
利子 【りし】interest (bank)
林業 【りんぎょう】forestry
左利き 【ひだりきき】left-handedness, sake drinker, left-hander
学長 【がくちょう】university president
休日 【きゅうじつ】holiday, day off
五分 【ごぶ】① half, 50%, tie, evenness ② 5 parts, 5%
後半 【こうはん】second half, latter half
子ども 【こども】child, children
小川 【おがわ】streamlet, brook
年下 【としした】younger, junior
年上 【としうえ】older, senior
父母 【ちちはは】father and mother, parents
本日 【ほんじつ】today
万国 【ばんこく】all countries, the whole world, universal, all nations
友だち 【ともだち】friend, companion
前半 【ぜんはん】first half
半年 【はんとし】half year
外 【がい】outside of, not covered by
土 【ど】① Saturday ② earth (third of the five elements)
安売り 【やすうり】discount, bargain sale, selling cheaply
右手 【みぎて】right hand
英国 【えいこく】Great Britain, the United Kingdom
駅員 【えきいん】station attendant
海水 【かいすい】ocean water
開店 【かいてん】opening (of a shop)
帰国 【きこく】return to one's country
魚屋 【さかなや】fish market, fish dealer
研究者 【けんきゅうしゃ】researcher
子弟 【してい】young(er) people
車道 【しゃどう】roadway
新車 【しんしゃ】new car
新年 【しんねん】New Year
図書 【としょ】books
西口 【にしぐち】west entrance
早朝 【そうちょう】early morning
走者 【そうしゃ】runner
体 【たい】① body, physique, posture ② shape, form, style ③ substance, identity, reality ④ field ⑤ counter for humanoid forms (e.g. dolls, statues, corpses, etc.)
地理学 【ちりがく】geography
茶 【ちゃ】① tea ② tea plant (Camellia sinensis) ③ tea preparation, making tea ④ brown
朝食 【ちょうしょく】breakfast
朝日 【あさひ】morning sun
町長 【ちょうちょう】town headman, town mayor
通行止め 【つうこうどめ】closure (of a road), dead end, blind alley, cul-de-sac, No Through Road (e.g. on a sign)
東京 【とうきょう】Tokyo (current capital of Japan)
東口 【ひがしぐち】east entrance
南口 【みなみぐち】south entrance
日本海 【にほんかい】Sea of Japan
白鳥 【はくちょう】① swan (Cygnus Bechstein, Cygnus ssp.) ② white-feathered bird
病人 【びょうにん】sick person, patient
不親切 【ふしんせつ】unkindness, unfriendliness
北海道 【ほっかいどう】Hokkaido (northernmost of the four main islands of Japan)
北口 【きたぐち】north entrance
本屋 【ほんや】① bookstore, bookshop ② publisher ③ main building
本店 【ほんてん】head office
野鳥 【やちょう】wild bird
夕 【ゆう】① evening ② last night
止め 【とめ】① (a) stop (e.g. in a timber joint, or at the end of a kanji stroke) ② remaining (e.g. poste-restante) ③ forty-five degree angle
力学 【りきがく】mechanics, dynamics
古本 【ふるほん】① secondhand book ② ancient book, antiquarian books
店 【てん】-store, -shop
入口 【いりぐち】entrance, entry, gate, approach, mouth
持ち主 【もちぬし】owner, proprietor
名古屋 【なごや】Nagoya (city)
飲酒 【いんしゅ】drinking alcohol (sake)
英和 【えいわ】English-Japanese (e.g. dictionary)
化学 【ばけがく】① chemistry ② chemical company (e.g. Acme Chemical Co.)
科 【か】① department, section ② (taxonomical) family
岩山 【いわやま】rocky mountain
近代化 【きんだいか】modernization, modernisation, modernize, modernise
区役所 【くやくしょ】ward office, council (regional)
国内 【こくない】internal, domestic
市長 【しちょう】mayor
室内 【しつない】indoor, inside the room
手荷物 【てにもつ】hand luggage, hand baggage
酒屋 【さかや】① liquor store, wine shop, bottle shop ② sake dealer, liquor-store owner, brewer
焼き魚 【やきざかな】grilled fish
数人 【すうにん】several people
雪国 【ゆきぐに】snow country
多数 【たすう】① great number ② countless, majority
体温計 【たいおんけい】medical thermometer
短時間 【たんじかん】short time
内側 【うちがわ】inside, interior, inner part
馬車 【ばしゃ】coach, carriage, wagon, cart
馬力 【ばりき】horse-power, h.p., HP
米国 【べいこく】America, USA
北米 【ほくべい】North America
目薬 【めぐすり】eye drops, eyewash
夜食 【やしょく】supper, night meal, late-night snack, "fourth meal", midnight snack
洋酒 【ようしゅ】Western liquor
右側 【みぎがわ】right side, right hand
研究所 【けんきゅうじょ】research establishment (institute, laboratory, etc.)
左側 【ひだりがわ】left, left (hand) side
島国 【しまぐに】island country (sometimes used as a metaphor for Japan)
持ち物 【もちもの】one's property, personal effects
京都 【きょうと】Kyoto
米 【べい】America, American
近代史 【きんだいし】modern history
経営者 【けいえいしゃ】manager, proprietor
経済学 【けいざいがく】economics
御飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
史学 【しがく】study of history
若者 【わかもの】young man, youth, lad
政治家 【せいじか】politician, statesman
青信号 【あおしんごう】green light
渡米 【とべい】going to USA, going to America
日本史 【にほんし】history of Japan
腹痛 【はらいた】stomach ache, abdominal pain
文部省 【もんぶしょう】Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
閉店 【へいてん】closing shop
明治 【めいじ】Meiji era (1868.9.8-1912.7.30)
宿舎 【しゅくしゃ】lodging house
富士山 【ふじさん】Mt Fuji
履歴書 【りれきしょ】personal history, curriculum vitae, resume
大阪 【おおさか】Osaka