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Doraemon [‘ドラえもん’] Vol. 0 (Most Common Vocab)

Author (public: access, edit)

List of most common vocab words occuring throughout the entire run of ‘Doraemon’ [‘ドラえもん’]. Check out separate volumes for list of words related to specific episodes.



543 entriesCreated by Public Domain — Last modified: 1928-11-03 00:00:00
ええ① yes, that is correct, right ② um, errr ③ huh? ④ grrr, gah, Must I? ⑤ good
お金 【おかね】money
こんなsuch (about something/someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or about ideas expressed by the speaker), like this
さあcome, come now
さん① Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms ② honorific used with occupational titles
じゃあ① then, well, so, well then ② combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles ③ plain copula
じゃ① then, well, so, well then ② combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles ③ plain copula
そう① so, really, seeming ② (after masu stem and adj-stem) appearing that, seeming that, looking like, having the appearance of
そんなsuch (about the actions of the listener, or about ideas expressed or understood by the listener), like that, that sort of
でも① but, however, still, yet, although, even though ② even, even if ③ or something
どうも① thanks ② much (thanks), very (sorry), quite (regret) ③ quite, really ④ somehow ⑤ no matter how hard one may try ⑥ greetings, hello, goodbye
どんなwhat, what kind of
はい① yes ② OK (used to get attention prior to an utterance), okay ③ giddy-up, giddap
もう① already, anymore ② soon, shortly ③ more, further, other, again ④ interjection used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation)
もっと(some) more, even more, longer, further
ゆっくりslowly, at ease, restful
テレビtelevision, TV
ドアdoor (Western-style)
一 【いち】① one ② best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective follows)
一つ 【ひとつ】① one ② for one thing (often used in itemized lists) ③ (after a noun) only ④ (with a verb in negative form) (not) even ⑤ just (i.e. "just try it")
飲む 【のむ】① to drink, to gulp, to swallow ② to smoke (tobacco) ③ to engulf, to overwhelm ④ to keep down, to suppress ⑤ to accept (e.g. demand, condition) ⑥ to make light of, to conceal
雨 【あめ】rain
円 【えん】① Yen, money ② circle
下さい 【ください】① please give me ② (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-) please do for me
どうぞ① please, kindly ② by all means
外 【そと】① outside, exterior ② open air ③ other place
学校 【がっこう】school
空 【そら】sky, the heavens
見せる 【みせる】to show, to display
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
後 【あと】① behind, rear ② after, later ③ after one's death ④ remainder, the rest ⑤ descendant, successor, heir ⑥ more (i.e. five more minutes)
口 【くち】① mouth ② opening, hole, gap, orifice ③ mouth (of a bottle), spout, nozzle, mouthpiece ④ gate, door, entrance, exit ⑤ speaking, speech, talk (i.e. gossip) ⑥ taste, palate ⑦ mouth (to feed) ⑧ opening (i.e. vacancy), available position ⑨ invitation, summons ⑩ kind, sort, type ⑪ opening (i.e. beginning) ⑫ counter for mouthfuls, shares (of money), and swords
高い 【たかい】① high, tall ② expensive
今 【いま】now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more
時 【とき】① time, hour ② occasion, moment
時間 【じかん】① time ② hours
手 【て】① hand, arm ② handle ③ hand, worker, help ④ trouble, care, effort ⑤ means, way, trick, move, technique, workmanship ⑥ hand, handwriting ⑦ kind, type, sort ⑧ one's hands, one's possession ⑨ ability to cope ⑩ hand (of cards) ⑪ direction
出す 【だす】① to take out, to get out ② to put out, to reveal, to show ③ to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in ④ to publish, to make public ⑤ to send (e.g. letter) ⑥ to produce (a sound), to start (fire) ⑦ to serve (food) ⑧ to begin
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
出来る 【できる】① to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task ② to be ready, to be completed ③ to be made, to be built ④ to be good at, to be permitted (to do) ⑤ to become intimate, to take up (with somebody) ⑥ to grow, to be raised
書く 【かく】to write
小さい 【ちいさい】small, little, tiny
少し 【すこし】① small quantity, little, few, something ② little while ③ short distance
上 【うえ】① above, up, over ② top, summit ③ surface, on ④ before, previous ⑤ superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder) ⑥ on top of that, besides, what's more ⑦ upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after) ⑧ matters concerning..., as concerns ... ⑨ since (i.e. "for that reason") ⑩ suffix indicating higher social standing
上げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to do up (one's hair) ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to show someone (into a room) ⑥ (uk) to summon (for geishas, etc.) ⑦ to send someone (away) ⑧ to enrol (one's child in school) (enroll) ⑨ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑩ to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice) ⑪ to earn (something desirable) ⑫ to praise ⑬ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑭ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑮ to arrest ⑯ to nominate ⑰ to give ⑱ to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) ⑲ to bear (a child) ⑳ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) ○ (of the tide) to come in ○ to vomit ○ (after the -te form of a verb) to do for (the sake of someone else) ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to complete ○ used after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility
食べる 【たべる】to eat
人 【じん】① -ian (e.g. Italian, etc.) (attaches to name of country to denote nationality), -er (e.g. performer, etc.) (attaches to name of occupation) ② (usu. in compound words) man, person, people
水 【みず】water (cold, fresh)
先 【さき】① previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding ② point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle ③ head (of a line), front ④ ahead, the other side ⑤ the future, hereafter ⑥ destination ⑦ the other party
先生 【せんせい】① teacher, master, doctor ② with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific
前 【まえ】① ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour) ② in front (of), before (e.g. the house) ③ head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part ④ in the presence of ⑤ helping, portion ⑥ privates, private parts
男 【おとこ】man
中 【なか】① inside, in ② among, within ③ center (centre), middle ④ during, while
長い 【ながい】① long (distance) ② long (time), lengthy
読む 【よむ】to read
入る 【はいる】① to enter ② to break into ③ to join, to enroll ④ to contain, to hold, to accommodate ⑤ to have (an income of)
入れる 【いれる】① to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.) ② to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire ③ to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to ④ to include ⑤ to pay (one's rent, etc.) ⑥ to cast (a vote) ⑦ to make (tea, coffee, etc.) ⑧ to turn on (a switch, etc.) ⑨ to send (a fax), to call
買う 【かう】① to buy ② to value, to have a high opinion ③ to stir, to provoke
分 【ふん】minute
本 【ほん】① book, volume ② main, head, this, our, present, real ③ counter for long cylindrical things
毎日 【まいにち】every day
名前 【なまえ】① name, full name ② given name, first name
木 【き】tree, wood, timber
来る 【くる】① to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive ② to come back, to do ... and come back ③ to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue ④ to come from, to be caused by, to derive from ⑤ to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
何 【なに】① what ② how many (some counter)
何 【なん】① what ② how many (some counter)
九 【く】nine
行く 【いく】① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
今日 【きょう】today, this day
人 【ひと】① man, person ② human being, mankind, people ③ character, personality ④ man of talent, true man ⑤ other people ⑥ adult
言う 【いう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
大きい 【おおきい】big, large, great, loud
聞く 【きく】① to hear ② to listen (e.g. to music) ③ to ask, to enquire, to query
立つ 【たつ】① to stand, to rise, to stand up ② to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position) ③ to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
出かける 【でかける】to depart, to go out (e.g. on an excursion or outing), to set out, to start, to be going out
話 【はなし】① talk, speech, chat, story, conversation ② discussions, negotiation, argument
目 【め】① eye, eyeball ② eyesight ③ look ④ experience ⑤ viewpoint ⑥ ordinal number suffix ⑦ somewhat, -ish
分かる 【わかる】① to be understood, to be comprehended, to be grasped ② to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
ですpolite copula in Japanese
日 【にち】① Sunday ② day (of the month) ③ counter for days
年 【ねん】① year (e.g. AD) ② counter for years
いるauxillary verb for continuing action or state
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
悪い 【わるい】① bad, poor, inferior ② evil, sinful ③ unprofitable, unbeneficial ④ at fault, to blame, in the wrong ⑤ sorry
意味 【いみ】meaning, significance
映画 【えいが】movie, film
家 【いえ】① house, residence, dwelling ② family, household ③ lineage, family name
歌 【うた】① song ② classical Japanese poetry (esp. tanka) ③ modern poetry
会う 【あう】① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
回 【かい】① counter for occurrences ② counter for innings (baseball)
海 【うみ】sea, beach
開ける 【あける】① to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package) ② to open (for business, etc.)
楽しい 【たのしい】enjoyable, fun
顔 【かお】face (person)
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
起きる 【おきる】① to get up, to rise ② to wake up ③ to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents), to happen, to take place
強い 【つよい】① strong, powerful, mighty, potent ② resistant, resilient, durable
教える 【おしえる】to teach, to inform, to instruct
月 【つき】① moon ② month
元気 【げんき】health(y), robust, vigor, vigour, energy, vitality, vim, stamina, spirit, courage, pep
ご飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
好き 【すき】liking, fondness, love
広い 【ひろい】spacious, vast, wide
考える 【かんがえる】to consider, to think about
仕事 【しごと】① work, job, business, occupation, employment, vocation, task ② work
使う 【つかう】① to use (a thing, method, etc.), to make use of, to put to use ② to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.), to employ, to handle, to manage, to manipulate ③ to use (time, money, etc.), to spend, to consume ④ to use (language), to speak ⑤ to take (one's lunch), to circulate (bad money)
始まる 【はじまる】to begin
止まる 【とまる】① to stop, to halt ② to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place) ③ to come to a halt ④ to be limited to
死ぬ 【しぬ】to die
持つ 【もつ】① to hold, to carry ② to possess
自分 【じぶん】① myself, yourself, oneself, himself, herself ② I, me
借りる 【かりる】① to borrow, to have a loan ② to rent, to hire
住む 【すむ】to live (of humans), to reside, to inhabit, to dwell, to abide
重い 【おもい】① heavy, massive ② serious, important, severe, oppressed
所 【ところ】① place, spot, scene, site ② address ③ district, area, locality ④ one's house ⑤ point ⑥ part ⑦ space, room ⑧ whereupon, as a result ⑨ (after present form of a verb) about to, on the verge of
乗る 【のる】① to get on, to ride in, to board, to mount, to get up on ② to spread (paints), to be taken in ③ to share in, to join, to feel like doing, to be mentioned in, to be in harmony with ④ to appear (in print), to be recorded, to be found in (a dictionary)
新しい 【あたらしい】new
声 【こえ】voice
切る 【きる】① to cut (usu. to cut through) ② to sever (connections, ties) ③ to turn off (i.e. the light) ④ to terminate (i.e. a conversation), to hang up (the phone), to disconnect ⑤ to punch (a ticket), to tear off (a stub) ⑥ to open (something sealed) ⑦ to start ⑧ to set (a limit) ⑨ to reduce, to decrease, to discount ⑩ to shake off (water, etc.), to let drip-dry (or drain) ⑪ to cross ⑫ to do (something noticeable) ⑬ to turn (a vehicle) ⑭ to cut (the ball) ⑮ to shuffle (cards) ⑯ to trump ⑰ (in Go) to isolate (an opponent's stone) ⑱ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to finish, to complete
走る 【はしる】① to run ② to travel (movement of vehicles) ③ to hurry to ④ to retreat (from battle), to take flight ⑤ to run away from home ⑥ to elope ⑦ to tend heavily toward
早い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
太い 【ふとい】① fat, thick ② deep (of a voice) ③ daring, shameless, brazen
体 【からだ】① body ② health
待つ 【まつ】① to wait ② to await, to look forward to, to anticipate ③ (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
貸す 【かす】① to lend, to loan ② to rent out, to hire out
大きな 【おおきな】big, large, great
大好き 【だいすき】loveable, very likeable, like very much
知る 【しる】to know, to understand, to be acquainted with, to feel
池 【いけ】pond
着く 【つく】① to arrive at, to reach ② to sit on, to sit at (e.g. the table)
朝 【あさ】morning
度 【ど】① degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.) ② counter for occurrences and times ③ strength (of alcohol)
同じ 【おなじ】① same, identical, equal, uniform, equivalent, similar, common (origin), changeless, alike ② (usu. part of a 'nara' conditional) anyway, anyhow, in either case
売る 【うる】to sell
風 【かぜ】wind, breeze
服 【ふく】① clothes (esp. Western clothes) ② counter for doses of medicine, gulps of tea, drags of a cigarette, etc.
物 【もの】① thing, object ② the natural thing, a frequently done thing ③ used to express emotional involvement ④ used in giving a reason
勉強 【べんきょう】① study ② diligence ③ discount, reduction
歩く 【あるく】to walk
方 【ほう】side, direction, way
問題 【もんだい】problem, question
夜 【よる】evening, night
頭 【あたま】① head ② mind, brain, intellect ③ top ④ hair (on one's head) ⑤ bangs, fringe ⑥ top structural component of a kanji
明日 【あした】tomorrow
門 【もん】① gate ② branch of learning based on the teachings of a single master ③ (biological) division ④ counter for cannons
色々 【いろいろ】various
歌う 【うたう】① to sing ② to sing (one's praises in a poem, etc.)
思う 【おもう】① to think, to consider, to believe ② to think (of doing), to plan (to do) ③ to judge, to assess, to regard ④ to imagine, to suppose, to dream ⑤ to expect, to look forward to ⑥ to feel, to desire, to want ⑦ to recall, to remember
終わる 【おわる】to finish, to end, to close
作る 【つくる】① to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct ② to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol) ③ to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train ④ to till ⑤ to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write ⑥ to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose ⑦ to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found ⑧ to have (a child) ⑨ to make up (one's face, etc.) ⑩ to fabricate (an excuse, etc.) ⑪ to form (a line, etc.) ⑫ to set (a record) ⑬ to commit (a sin, etc.)
町 【まち】① town, block, neighbourhood, neighborhood ② street, road ③ 109.09 m ④ 0.99 hectares
屋 【や】① (something) shop ② somebody who sells (something) or works as (something) ③ somebody with a (certain) personality trait ④ house ⑤ roof
一番 【いちばん】① best, first, number one ② game, round, bout, fall, event (in a meet)
絵 【え】picture, drawing, painting, sketch
次 【つぎ】① next, following, subsequent ② stage, station
取る 【とる】① to take, to pick up, to harvest, to earn, to choose ② to steal ③ to eat, to have (a meal) ④ to remove (one's glasses, etc.)
宿題 【しゅくだい】homework
消える 【きえる】to go out, to vanish, to disappear
全部 【ぜんぶ】all, entire, whole, altogether
速い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
飛ぶ 【とぶ】to fly, to soar
美味しい 【おいしい】① delicious, tasty ② nice (move in sport, trick, etc., nuance of being easy or a bit lucky), sweet
部屋 【へや】① room ② sumo stable
返す 【かえす】① to return (something), to restore, to put back ② to pay back, to retaliate, to reciprocate
本当 【ほんとう】truth, reality
面白い 【おもしろい】interesting, amusing
遊ぶ 【あそぶ】① to play, to enjoy oneself, to have a good time ② to mess about (with alcohol, gambling, philandery, etc.) ③ to be idle, to do nothing, to be unused ④ to go to (for pleasure or for study) ⑤ (in baseball) to intentionally throw a ball to lower the batter's concentration
練習 【れんしゅう】practice, practise
本当に 【ほんとうに】really, truly
お腹 【おなか】stomach
違う 【ちがう】① to differ (from), to vary ② to not be in the usual condition ③ to not match the correct (answer, etc.) ④ to be different from promised
一緒 【いっしょ】① together ② at the same time ③ same, identical
押す 【おす】① to push, to press ② to apply pressure from above, to press down ③ to stamp (i.e. a passport), to apply a seal
過ぎ 【すぎ】① past, after ② too (much), over (e.g. eating)
皆 【みんな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
覚える 【おぼえる】① to remember, to recollect, to memorize, to memorise ② to feel
危ない 【あぶない】① dangerous, risky, hazardous, perilous, precarious ② in danger, in jeopardy, critical, grave, at risk ③ uncertain, unreliable, insecure, unsteady, doubtful ④ close (i.e. a close call), narrow ⑤ look out!, watch out!
結構 【けっこう】① splendid, nice, wonderful, delicious, sweet ② sufficient, fine (in the sense of "I'm fine"), (by implication) no thank you ③ well enough, OK, tolerable ④ reasonably, fairly, tolerably
個 【こ】① counter for articles ② counter for military units ③ individual
呼ぶ 【よぶ】① to call out (to), to call, to invoke ② to summon (a doctor, etc.) ③ to invite ④ to designate, to name, to brand ⑤ to garner (support, etc.), to gather
困る 【こまる】to be troubled, to be worried, to be bothered, to be embarrassed, to be stumped
子供 【こども】child, children
初めて 【はじめて】① for the first time ② only after ... is it ..., only when ... do you ...
寝る 【ねる】① to lie down ② to go to bed, to lie in bed ③ to sleep (lying down) ④ to sleep (with someone, i.e. have intercourse) ⑤ to lie idle
静か 【しずか】quiet, peaceful
大変 【たいへん】① very, greatly ② immense, enormous, great ③ serious, grave, dreadful, terrible ④ difficult, hard
置く 【おく】① to put, to place ② to leave (behind) ③ to do something in advance (usu. following te-form verb)
遅い 【おそい】① slow ② late (e.g. "late at night") ③ too late
痛い 【いたい】① painful, sore ② exceeding
難しい 【むずかしい】difficult
疲れる 【つかれる】① to get tired, to tire ② to be worn out (e.g. of well used objects)
忘れる 【わすれる】to forget, to leave carelessly, to be forgetful of, to forget about, to forget (an article)
友達 【ともだち】friend, companion
欲しい 【ほしい】① wanted, wished for, in need of, desired ② (after the -te form of a verb) I want (you) to
頼む 【たのむ】① to request, to beg, to ask ② to call, to order, to reserve ③ to entrust to ④ to rely on
可愛い 【かわいい】① cute, adorable, charming, lovely, pretty ② dear, precious, darling, pet ③ cute little, tiny
ころ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
ありがとうThank you
良い 【いい】① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
良く 【よく】① nicely, properly, well, skillfully ② frequently, often
達 【たち】pluralizing suffix (esp. for people & animals; formerly honorific)
幾ら 【いくら】how much?, how many?
嫌い 【きらい】① dislike, hate ② suspicion, tendency, smack (of)
撮る 【とる】to take (a photo), to make (a film)
大丈夫 【だいじょうぶ】safe, all right, OK, okay
沢山 【たくさん】many, a lot, much
誰 【だれ】who
あそこ① there (place physically distant from both speaker and listener), over there, that place, yonder ② that far (something psychologically distant from both speaker and listener), that much, that point
あのthat (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
あれ① that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly) ② that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors) ③ hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh? ④ that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
こちら① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
こっち① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
そしてand, and then, thus, and now
そっち① that way (direction distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ② there (place distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ③ that one (something close to the listener) ④ you, your family ⑤ that person (someone close to the listener)
その① that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the ② um..., er..., uh...
それ① that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it ② that time, then
どうhow, in what way, how about
どっち① which way, which direction, where ② which one (esp. of two alternatives) ③ who
どれ① which (of three or more) ② whichever, any ③ well, now, let me see
やる① to do ② to have sexual intercourse ③ to kill ④ to give (to inferiors, animals, etc.) ⑤ to do for (inferiors) ⑥ to send (e.g. somebody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g. letter) (despatch) ⑦ to move (something to), to row (a boat) ⑧ (used in place of other verb) to have (eat, drink, smoke), to study, to run or operate (a restaurant)
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
ちょっと① just a minute, short time, just a little ② somewhat, easily, readily, rather ③ (before a verb in negative form) (will not) easily ④ hey!
いつwhen, how soon
いつも① always, usually, every time ② never (with neg. verb)
くれるto give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
ここ① here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place ② these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker) ③ these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
ことthing, matter, fact, circumstances, business, reason, experience
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
どうしてwhy?, for what reason, how, in what way, for what purpose, what for
うるさい① noisy, loud ② fussy ③ annoying, troublesome, tiresome, importunate ④ bossy
あっち① that way (direction distant from both speaker and listener), over there, yonder ② that one (something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener), that ③ that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener) ④ there (place distant from both speaker and listener), over there, foreign country (esp. a Western nation)
まずい① unappetising, unappetizing, unpleasant (taste, appearance, situation) ② unskillful, unskilful, bungling, clumsy ③ ugly, homely, plain, unattractive ④ awkward, untimely, inopportune, unfavorable, unwise
またagain, and, also, still (doing something)
まだ① as yet, hitherto, still ② not yet (with negative verb)
もちろんof course, certainly, naturally
どこ① where, what place ② how much (long, far), what extent
このthis (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
きれい① pretty, lovely, beautiful, fair ② clean, clear, pure, tidy, neat ③ completely, entirely
よう① (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) appearing ..., looking ... ② (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) way to ..., method of ...ing ③ (usu. after a noun) form, style, design ④ (usu. after a noun) like, similar to ⑤ thing (thought or spoken)
つけるto turn on, to switch on, to light up
もう一度 【もういちど】once more, again
そこ① there (place relatively near listener) ② there (place just mentioned), that place ③ then (of some incident just spoken of), that (of point just raised)
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
あんなsuch (about something or someone distant from both speaker and listener, or about a situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener), so, that, sort of
うん① yeah, uh huh ② some (at the start of a number in place of a digit)
さっきsome time ago
だからso, therefore
ちゃんsuffix for familiar person
やっとat last, at length
そろそろ① gradually, steadily, quietly, slowly ② soon, momentarily, before long, any time now
上がる 【あがる】① to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised ② to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in ③ to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade ④ to get out (of water), to come ashore ⑤ to increase ⑥ to improve, to make progress ⑦ to be promoted, to advance ⑧ to be made (of profit, etc.) ⑨ to occur (esp. of a favourable result) ⑩ to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.) ⑪ to be finished, to be done, to be over ⑫ (of rain) to stop, to lift ⑬ to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die ⑭ to win (in a card game, etc.) ⑮ to be arrested ⑯ to turn up (of evidence, etc.) ⑰ to be deep fried ⑱ to be spoken loudly ⑲ to get stage fright ⑳ to be offered (to the gods, etc.) ○ to go, to visit ○ to eat, to drink ○ to be listed (as a candidate) ○ to serve (in one's master's home) ○ (in Kyoto) to go north ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) indicates completion
なさいdo (imperative form often used after ~masu base of verbs)
ママ① Mama ② female proprietress (of a bar, etc.)
安心 【あんしん】relief, peace of mind
家 【うち】① house, home (one's own) ② (one's) family, (one's) household
火 【ひ】fire, flame, blaze
開く 【ひらく】① to open (e.g. a bank-account, festival, etc.) ② to spread out, to open up (flower bud, umbrella, etc.), to widen (gap, distance, width) ③ to hold, to give (party, conference, etc.)
楽しみ 【たのしみ】① enjoyment, pleasure, diversion, amusement, hobby ② anticipation, looking forward to
間に合う 【まにあう】① to be in time for ② to serve (suit, meet) the purpose, to be good enough, to be enough
気 【き】① spirit, mind, heart ② nature, disposition ③ motivation, intention ④ mood, feelings ⑤ atmosphere, essence
気分 【きぶん】feeling, mood
急 【きゅう】① urgent, sudden, abrupt ② sharp, steep, precipitous ③ rapid, swift, fast ④ emergency, crisis ⑤ hurrying, haste ⑥ (in gagaku or noh) end of a song
急ぐ 【いそぐ】to hurry, to rush, to hasten, to make something happen sooner
見える 【みえる】① to be seen, to be in sight ② to look, to seem, to appear ③ to come
今度 【こんど】now, this time, next time, another time
今夜 【こんや】this evening, tonight
始める 【はじめる】① to start, to begin, to commence, to initiate, to originate ② to open (e.g. a store), to start up, to establish (business. etc.) ③ to start (doing something), to begin to ...
子 【こ】① child ② young (animal) ③ young woman, young geisha ④ offshoot ⑤ interest ⑥ new shares ⑦ (after a noun or -masu stem) -er (often of young women)
上手い 【うまい】① skillful, clever, expert, wise, successful ② delicious, appetizing, appetising ③ fortunate, splendid, promising
止める 【とめる】① to stop (something or someone), to turn off ② to concentrate on, to pay attention to ③ to remember, to bear in mind ④ to fix into place ⑤ to park, to leave somewhere for a time
場合 【ばあい】case, situation
心 【こころ】① mind, heart, spirit ② the meaning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
世界 【せかい】the world, society, the universe
生きる 【いきる】to live, to exist
大事 【だいじ】important, valuable, serious matter
大体 【だいたい】general, substantially, outline, main point, approximately, about
通り 【とおり】avenue, street, way
動く 【うごく】① to move, to stir, to shift, to shake, to swing ② to operate, to run, to go, to work ③ to be touched, to be influenced ④ to change, to vary, to fluctuate, to waver ⑤ certain, factual ⑥ to be transferred
日 【ひ】① day, days ② sun, sunshine, sunlight ③ case (esp. unfortunate), event
別 【べつ】distinction, difference, different, another, particular, separate, extra, exception
用 【よう】① task, business ② use, duty, service ③ call of nature, excretion
力 【ちから】① force, strength, might, vigour (vigor), energy ② capability, ability, proficiency, capacity, faculty ③ efficacy, effect ④ effort, endeavours (endeavors), exertions ⑤ power, authority, influence, good offices, agency ⑥ support, help, aid, assistance ⑦ stress, emphasis ⑧ means, resources
行う 【おこなう】to perform, to do, to conduct oneself, to carry out
代わり 【かわり】① substitute, deputy, proxy, alternate, relief, compensation, second helping ② in place of, as a substitute for
聞こえる 【きこえる】① to be heard, to be audible ② to be said to be, to be reputed
気持ち 【きもち】feeling, sensation, mood
仕方 【しかた】way, method, means, resource, course
見つかる 【みつかる】to be found, to be discovered
見つける 【みつける】① to discover, to find (e.g. an error in a book), to come across, to detect ② to locate, to find (e.g. something missing), to find fault ③ to be used to seeing, to be familiar with
泣く 【なく】to cry, to weep, to sob, to howl
君 【くん】Mr (junior), master, boy
決める 【きめる】to decide
血 【ち】blood, consanguinity
手伝う 【てつだう】to help, to assist, to take part in
場所 【ばしょ】① place, location, spot, position ② room, space ③ basho (sumo wrestling tournament)
心配 【しんぱい】① worry, concern, anxiety ② care, help, aid, assistance
進む 【すすむ】① to advance, to go forward ② to precede, to go ahead (of) ③ to make progress, to improve ④ to deepen, to heighten ⑤ to do of one's own free will
昔 【むかし】olden days, former
全然 【ぜんぜん】① not at all (with neg. verb) ② wholly, entirely, completely
点 【てん】① spot, mark ② point, dot ③ mark (e.g. in exam), score, points ④ counter for goods or items
島 【しま】① island ② territory (of a prostitute, organized crime gang, etc.), turf
道具 【どうぐ】implement, tool, means
負ける 【まける】to lose, to be defeated
無理 【むり】unreasonable, impossible, overdoing
遊び 【あそび】① playing ② play (margin between on and off, gap before pressing button or lever has an effect)
様 【さま】① Mr, Mrs or Ms ② used (gen. in fixed expressions) to make words more polite ③ manner, kind, appearance
落ちる 【おちる】① to fall down, to drop ② to fail (e.g. exam) ③ to crash, to degenerate, to degrade ④ to fade, to come out (e.g. a stain)
例えば 【たとえば】for example, e.g.
選ぶ 【えらぶ】to choose, to select
決まる 【きまる】① to be decided, to be settled ② to look good in (clothes)
確か 【たしか】① certain, sure, definite ② if I'm not mistaken, if I remember correctly
一杯 【いっぱい】① amount necessary to fill a container (e.g. a cupful, spoonful, etc.), a drink (i.e. an alcoholic beverage) ② full ③ one squid, octopus, crab, etc., one boat ④ fully, to capacity ⑤ a lot, much ⑥ all of ..., the entire ...
過ぎる 【すぎる】① to pass through, to pass by, to go beyond ② to pass (i.e. of time), to elapse ③ to have expired, to have ended, to be over ④ to exceed, to surpass, to be above ⑤ to be no more than ... ⑥ (often used after adjective stems or the -masu stems of verbs) to be excessive, to be too much, to be too ...
慣れる 【なれる】① to grow accustomed to, to get too familiar with ② to become domesticated, to become tame
簡単 【かんたん】simple
喜ぶ 【よろこぶ】① to be delighted, to be glad, to be pleased ② to congratulate ③ to gratefully accept
最後 【さいご】① last, end, conclusion ② (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga") no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences)
最初 【さいしょ】beginning, outset, first, onset
失礼 【しつれい】① discourtesy, impoliteness ② Excuse me, Goodbye ③ to leave ④ to be rude
捨てる 【すてる】to throw away, to cast aside, to abandon, to resign, to break up with (someone)
準備 【じゅんび】preparation, setup, arrangements, provision, reserve
笑う 【わらう】① to laugh ② to smile ③ to sneer, to ridicule
恥ずかしい 【はずかしい】shy, ashamed, embarrassed
珍しい 【めずらしい】① unusual, rare, curious ② new, novel ③ fine (e.g. gift)
怒る 【おこる】① to get angry, to get mad ② to tell someone off, to scold ③ to be angular, to be square
逃げる 【にげる】to escape, to run away
夫 【おっと】husband
変 【へん】① strange, odd, peculiar, weird, curious, queer, eccentric, funny, suspicious, fishy ② unexpected ③ change ④ incident, disturbance, disaster, accident ⑤ flat (music)
変わる 【かわる】to change, to be transformed, to vary, to be revised, to be different, to move location
夢 【ゆめ】dream
戻る 【もどる】to turn back, to return, to go back, to recover, to rebound
約束 【やくそく】① arrangement, promise, appointment, pact, engagement ② convention, rule
連れる 【つれる】to lead, to take (a person)
怖い 【こわい】① scary, frightening, eerie, dreadful ② (I'm) afraid
探す 【さがす】to search (for something desired, needed), to look for
捕まえる 【つかまえる】to catch, to arrest, to seize
背 【せ】① back, spine ② reverse, rear side ③ height ④ ridge (of a mountain)
為 【ため】① good, advantage, benefit, welfare ② sake, purpose, objective, aim ③ consequence, result, effect ④ affecting, regarding, concerning
壊れる 【こわれる】① to be broken, to break ② to fall through, to come to nothing
頑張る 【がんばる】to persist, to insist on, to stand firm, to try one's best
嬉しい 【うれしい】happy, glad, pleasant
驚く 【おどろく】to be surprised, to be astonished
謝る 【あやまる】to apologize, to apologise
邪魔 【じゃま】hindrance, intrusion
随分 【ずいぶん】① very, extremely, surprisingly, considerably ② contemptible, reprehensible
是非 【ぜひ】① certainly, without fail ② right and wrong, pros and cons
素晴らしい 【すばらしい】wonderful, splendid, magnificent
きっとsurely, undoubtedly, almost certainly, most likely (e.g. 90 percent)
こう① in this way (used for something or someone close to the speaker, including the speaker himself, or for the opinions of the speaker), thus, such ② uh... (interjection used as a verbal pause)
これからafter this
それでand, thereupon, because of that
ちっともnot at all (neg. verb)
やっぱりalso, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
おかしいstrange, funny, amusing, ridiculous
しばらく① little while, short while, moment, instant ② a while, quite a time ③ it's been a long time
しまうto finish, to close, to do something completely, to put away, to put an end to
すごい① terrible, dreadful ② amazing (e.g. of strength), great (e.g. of skills), wonderful, terrific ③ to a great extent, vast (in numbers)
なるほどI see, That's right!, Indeed
つもり① intention, plan ② conviction, belief
はず① expectation that something took place, will take place or was in some state, it should be so, bound to be, expected to be, must be ② nock (of a bow) ③ nock (of an arrow) ④ nock-shaped grip (between thumb and forefinger) (Sumo)
もらう① to receive, to take, to accept ② to get somebody to do something (follows a verb in "te" form)
わけconclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard, reason, cause, meaning, circumstances, situation
まま① as it is, as one likes, because, as ② condition, state
しっかりfirmly, tightly, reliable, level-headed, steady
なかなか① very, considerably, easily, readily, fairly, quite, highly, rather ② by no means (with negative verb)
ひどいcruel, awful, severe, very bad, serious, terrible, heavy, violent
もうすぐvery soon
お前 【おまえ】① you (masc) (formerly honorific, now sometimes derog. term referring to an equal or inferior) ② presence (of a god, nobleman, etc.)
こんなにso, like this, in this way
ずっと① continuously in some state (for a long time, distance), throughout, all along, the whole time, all the way ② much (better, etc.), by far, far and away ③ far away, long ago ④ direct, straight
たっぷりfull, in plenty, ample
ちゃんとperfectly, properly, exactly
どうせanyhow, in any case, at any rate, after all, at best, at most, at all
どんどん① drumming (noise) ② rapidly, steadily
なんかthings like ..., or something like that ... (often derogatory)
まあyou might say, Oh!, Wow!, Well!
何とか 【なんとか】① something, something or other, so-and-so ② somehow, anyhow, one way or another
今日は 【こんにちは】hello, good day (daytime greeting)
人間 【にんげん】① human being, man, person ② character (of a person)
ただ今 【ただいま】① Here I am, I'm home! ② presently, right away, right now, just now
食う 【くう】① to eat ② to live, to make a living, to survive ③ to bite, to sting (as insects do) ④ to tease, to torment, to taunt, to make light of, to make fun of ⑤ to encroach on, to eat into, to consume ⑥ to defeat a superior, to threaten a position ⑦ to consume time and-or resources ⑧ to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
何で 【なんで】① why?, what for? ② how?, by what means?
中 【ちゅう】① medium, average, middle ② moderation ③ middle school ④ China ⑤ in, out of (e.g. three out of ten people) ⑥ during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while
どうかplease, somehow or other
あんなにto that extent, to that degree
そんなにso much, so, like that
みたい-like, sort of, similar to, resembling
大 【おお】big, large
大 【だい】① the large part of ② big, large, great ③ approximate size, no larger than ④ -university ⑤ large (e.g. serving size), loud (e.g. volume setting)
一体 【いったい】① ...the heck (e.g. "what the heck?"), ...in the world (e.g. "why in the world?"), ...on earth (e.g. "who on earth?") ② one object, one body, unity ③ one form, one style ④ one Buddhist image (or carving, etc.) ⑤ generally, in general
者 【もの】person (rarely used w.o. a qualifier)
先ず 【まず】① first (of all), to start with, about, almost, anyway, well, now ② hardly (with neg. verb)
貸し 【かし】loan, lending
風 【ふう】① method, manner, way, style ② appearance, air ③ tendency ④ folk song (genre of the Shi Jing) ⑤ wind (one of the five elements)
不 【ふ】un-, non-, negative prefix
者 【しゃ】someone of that nature, someone doing that work
元 【もと】former, ex-
羽 【はね】① feather, plume, wing ② blade (fan, propeller, etc.)
合わせる 【あわせる】① to match (rhythm, speed, etc.) ② to join together, to unite, to combine, to add up ③ to face, to be opposite (someone) ④ to compare, to check with ⑤ to cause to meet (e.g. an unpleasant fate) ⑥ to place together, to connect, to overlap ⑦ to mix, to combine ⑧ to put blade to blade, to fight
試す 【ためす】to attempt, to test, to try out
実は 【じつは】as a matter of fact, by the way, to tell you the truth, to be honest, frankly
守る 【まもる】① to protect, to guard, to defend ② to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow
助かる 【たすかる】to be saved, to be rescued, to survive, to be helpful
助ける 【たすける】to help, to save, to rescue, to give relief to, to spare (life), to reinforce, to promote, to abet
全く 【まったく】① really, truly, entirely, completely, wholly, perfectly ② indeed ③ good grief (expression of exasperation)
相手 【あいて】① companion, partner, company ② other party, addressee ③ opponent (sports, etc.)
調子 【ちょうし】① tune, tone, key, pitch, time, rhythm ② vein, mood, way, manner, style, knack ③ condition, state of health ④ impetus, spur of the moment, strain ⑤ trend
追う 【おう】① to chase, to run after, to pursue ② to follow (i.e. a set order, a trend) ③ to drive out, to oust, to expel ④ to drive (i.e. a herd) ⑤ (in passive voice) to be pressed (for time, etc.)
的 【てき】-like, typical
当たる 【あたる】① to be hit, to strike ② to touch, to be in contact, to be affixed ③ to be equivalent to, to be applicable, to apply to ④ to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.) ⑤ to be selected (in a lottery, etc.), to win ⑥ to be successful, to go well, to be a hit ⑦ to face, to confront ⑧ to lie (in the direction of) ⑨ to undertake, to be assigned ⑩ to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.), to be afflicted ⑪ to be called upon (by the teacher) ⑫ to treat (esp. harshly), to lash out at ⑬ to be unnecessary ⑭ (in baseball) to be hitting well, to be on a hitting streak ⑮ (in fishing) to feel a bite ⑯ (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised, to spoil ⑰ to feel (something) out, to probe into, to check (i.e. by comparison) ⑱ to shave
馬 【うま】① horse ② promoted bishop (shogi)
辺り 【あたり】① on the bank of, by the side of (e.g. a river, pond) ② (in the) neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity, nearby
本物 【ほんもの】genuine article
野球 【やきゅう】baseball
幸せ 【しあわせ】happiness, good fortune, luck, blessing
他 【た】other (esp. people and abstract matters)
偉い 【えらい】① great, excellent, admirable, remarkable, distinguished, important, celebrated, famous, eminent ② awful, terrible
間違い 【まちがい】mistake
許す 【ゆるす】① to permit, to allow, to approve ② to exempt (from fine), to excuse (from), to pardon, to forgive, to release, to let off ③ to confide in ④ to give up, to yield
最高 【さいこう】highest, supreme, the most
信じる 【しんじる】to believe, to believe in, to place trust in, to confide in, to have faith in
絶対 【ぜったい】① absolutely, unconditionally ② absolute, unconditional, unmistakable ③ absoluteness
損 【そん】loss, disadvantage
動詞 【どうし】verb
任せる 【まかせる】① to entrust (e.g. a task) to another, to leave to ② to passively leave to someone else's facilities ③ to leave to take its natural course ④ to continue (something) in a natural fashion (without particular aim) ⑤ to rely fully on one's (full strength, great ability, long time taken) to get something done
濃い 【こい】① deep (colour), dark ② strong (flavour, smell, etc.) ③ thick (consistency), dense ④ strong (possibility, etc.) ⑤ thick (i.e. "as thick as thieves"), close, deep (love, etc.)
未来 【みらい】① the future (usually distant) ② future tense ③ the world to come
戻す 【もどす】to restore, to put back, to return, to give back
余計 【よけい】too much, unnecessary, extraneous, abundance, surplus, excess, superfluity
捜す 【さがす】to search (for something lost), to seek (a suspect in a crime)
隠す 【かくす】to hide, to conceal
隠れる 【かくれる】to hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself, to disappear
殴る 【なぐる】to strike, to hit
素敵 【すてき】lovely, dreamy, beautiful, great, fantastic, superb, cool, capital
やつ① (derog) fellow, guy, chap ② thing, object ③ (derogatory or familiar) he, she, him, her
癖 【くせ】a habit (often a bad habit, i.e. vice), peculiarity
描く 【えがく】to draw, to paint, to sketch, to depict, to describe
まるでquite, entirely, completely, at all, as if, as though, so to speak, just like
よろしく① well, properly, suitably ② best regards, please remember me, please treat me favorably (favourably), please take care of
しかるto scold
まさかby no means, never!, well, I never!, you don't say!
ついに① finally, at last ② (with neg) in the end
しゃべるto talk, to chat, to chatter
すぐ① immediately, at once, directly ② soon, before long, shortly ③ easily, without difficulty ④ right (near), nearby, just (handy)
とにかくanyhow, at any rate, anyway, somehow or other, generally speaking, in any case
ただ① ordinary, common, usual ② free of charge ③ unaffected, as is, safe ④ only, merely, just, simply ⑤ but, however, nevertheless
いやno, nay, well
せっかくwith trouble, at great pains, long-awaited
かかるto suffer from
せいcause, reason, fault
つまりin short, in brief, in other words, that is to say, in the long run, after all, blockade, stuffing, ultimate
あらoh, ah
がる① to feel (on adj-stem to represent a third party's apparent emotion) ② to behave as if one were
よいしょ① (expression of) effort or strain, Yo-heave-ho! ② to butter up, to suck up to
はあ① yes, indeed, well ② ha! ③ what?, huh? ④ sigh
とくto do something in readiness for, to get something (needful) done
歩 【ほ】① step, stride ② counter for steps
早速 【さっそく】at once, immediately, without delay, promptly
落ち着く 【おちつく】to calm down, to settle down, to be steady, to settle in, to take up one's residence, to harmonize with, to harmonise with, to match, to restore presence of mind
照る 【てる】to shine
昼寝 【ひるね】nap (afternoon), siesta
余り 【あんまり】① remainder, rest, balance, remains, scraps, residue, remnant ② not very (with negative sentence), not much ③ surplus, excess, fullness, too much ④ overjoyed, overwhelmed ⑤ more than, over
老い 【おい】old age, old person, the old, the aged
家 【か】-ist (used after a noun indicating someone's occupation, pursuits, disposition, etc.), -er
ご免なさい 【ごめんなさい】I beg your pardon, excuse me
杉 【すぎ】Japanese cedar, Cryptomeria japonica
あう① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
よる① to be due to, to be caused by ② to depend on, to turn on ③ to be based on, to come from
ごめんyour pardon, declining (something), dismissal, permission
頂戴 【ちょうだい】① receiving, reception, getting, being given ② eating, drinking, having ③ (also used after -te forms) please, please do for me
さすが① as one would expect ② still, all the same ③ even... (e.g. "even a genius...")
ひょっとpossibly, accidentally
間 【ま】space, room, time, pause
床 【とこ】① bed, bedding ② sickbed ③ alcove ④ riverbed ⑤ seedbed ⑥ straw "core" of a tatami mat ⑦ floor
何だか 【なんだか】(a) little, somewhat, somehow
勝手 【かって】① one's own convenience, one's way ② convenience or ease of use, knowledge of how to use ③ circumstances, situation (e.g. financial), environment ④ kitchen ⑤ arbitrary
対 【つい】① pair, couple, set ② antithesis ③ counter for items that come in pairs ④ counter for sets (of clothes, small furniture, utensils, etc.)
美 【び】beauty
行ける 【いける】to look (taste, etc.) good
著 【ちょ】① work, book ② (a book) by ③ obvious, striking
よしcommon reed (Phragmites australis)
頂 【いただき】crown (of head), summit (of mountain), spire
おい① hey!, oi! ② me
こら① interjection meant to scold or reprove someone, hey! ② interjection to call out to someone, hey!
させるto make (someone) do
ほらlook!, look out!, look at me!
やれやれexclamation of relief or disappointment
タイム① time ② thyme
フフgiggling sound, laugh, ha ha
何と 【なんと】what, how, whatever
今 【こん】① the current ..., this ② today's ...
出来 【でき】① workmanship, craftsmanship, execution, finish ② grades, results, score, record ③ quality (e.g. of a crop) ④ dealings, transactions
上 【うわ】upper, upward, outer, surface, top
上げ 【あげ】rise in price, making a tuck
ふん① hmm, well ..., humph, huh, pshaw, pish ② roughly, harshly, violently
アッoh, ah
ウッoof, ough, ulp
ちゃうto do something completely
ああlike that (used for something or someone distant from both speaker and listener), so
わあ① wow! (surprise) ② yeah!, alright! (joy) ③ waah! (crying)
やあ① Yo! (greeting) ② Wow! (expression of surprise)
だい① marks wh-question (what, where, who) ② strengthens one's judgment or conclusion
うむyea, uh huh;
そりゃ① very, extremely ② that is
えっHuh?, What's up?
うーんhmm, well
フッ① hah (derisively), pooh ② pfft (of something disappearing), poof ③ huff, puff
れる① auxiliary verb indicating passive voice (inc. the "suffering passive") ② auxiliary verb indicating the potential form ③ auxiliary verb indicating spontaneous occurrence ④ auxiliary verb used as an honorific for others' actions
こう言う 【こういう】such, like this
言える 【いえる】to be possible to say, to be able to say
ボール① ball ② bowl ③ board (e.g. cardboard, pasteboard)
近づく 【ちかづく】to approach, to get near, to get acquainted with, to get closer
そう言う 【そういう】such, like that, that sort of, very
通り 【どおり】① in accordance with ..., following ... ② .. Street, .. Avenue
多々 【たた】very much, very many, more and more
もう少し 【もうすこし】a bit more, a bit longer
姉 【ねえ】① used after the name of someone who is an older sister figure ② used with various honorifics to mean (older) sister
みる① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ to try ⑥ to see that..., to find that...
次 【じ】① next ② hypo- (i.e. containing an element with low valence) ③ order, sequence, time, times
競る 【せる】to compete, to bid, to sell at auction
あなたbeyond, across, the other side, the distance
伸び 【のび】① growth, development ② stretching (e.g. body when waking up) ③ spread, elongation, extension, carry (e.g. of sound), sustain
お願い 【おねがい】① request, wish ② please
たまoccasional, rare
お陰 【おかげ】(your) backing, assistance, thanks or owing to
どういうsomehow, how, in what way, why, what kind of
してやるto do for (someone)
旨く 【うまく】① skilfully, skillfully, well, aptly, cleverly ② successfully, smoothly ③ deliciously
とるto take, to catch (fish), to capture
いく① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
かわいそうpoor, pitiable, pathetic, pitiful
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
かけるto suspend between two points, to build (a bridge, etc.), to put up on something (e.g. legs up on table)
ちょうどjust, right, exactly
こいつthis fellow, this guy, this person
ない① not (verb-negating suffix; may indicate question or invitation with rising intonation) ② emphatic suffix (used after the root of an adjective)
られる① auxiliary verb indicating passive voice (inc. the "suffering passive") ② auxiliary verb indicating the potential form ③ auxiliary verb indicating spontaneous occurrence ④ auxiliary verb used as an honorific for others' actions