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CSN JPN 120 vocabulary

To help remember vocab in JPN 120


74 entriesCreated by #50778 — Last modified: 2015-04-01 02:51:10
右 【みぎ】① right, right hand side ② afore-mentioned (esp. in vertical Japanese writing), foregoing, forgoing, above
下 【した】① below, down, under ② bottom ③ beneath, underneath ④ just after, right after ⑤ inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), younger (e.g. of siblings) ⑥ trade-in ⑦ preliminary, preparatory
金 【かね】① money ② metal
口 【くち】① mouth ② opening, hole, gap, orifice ③ mouth (of a bottle), spout, nozzle, mouthpiece ④ gate, door, entrance, exit ⑤ speaking, speech, talk (i.e. gossip) ⑥ taste, palate ⑦ mouth (to feed) ⑧ opening (i.e. vacancy), available position ⑨ invitation, summons ⑩ kind, sort, type ⑪ opening (i.e. beginning) ⑫ counter for mouthfuls, shares (of money), and swords
左 【ひだり】left, left hand side
女 【おんな】woman
女の子 【おんなのこ】girl
上 【うえ】① above, up, over ② top, summit ③ surface, on ④ before, previous ⑤ superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder) ⑥ on top of that, besides, what's more ⑦ upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after) ⑧ matters concerning..., as concerns ... ⑨ since (i.e. "for that reason") ⑩ suffix indicating higher social standing
水 【みず】water (cold, fresh)
男 【おとこ】man
男の子 【おとこのこ】boy, male child, baby boy
中 【なか】① inside, in ② among, within ③ center (centre), middle ④ during, while
本 【ほん】① book, volume ② main, head, this, our, present, real ③ counter for long cylindrical things
木 【き】tree, wood, timber
人 【ひと】① man, person ② human being, mankind, people ③ character, personality ④ man of talent, true man ⑤ other people ⑥ adult
日本 【にほん】Japan
月 【つき】① moon ② month
青 【あお】① blue ② green ③ green light ④ black (horse coat color) ⑤ immature, unripe, young
町 【まち】① town, block, neighbourhood, neighborhood ② street, road ③ 109.09 m ④ 0.99 hectares
赤 【あか】① red, crimson, scarlet ② red-containing colour (e.g. brown, pink, orange) ③ red light ④ red ink (i.e. in finance or proof-reading), (in) the red ⑤ complete, total, perfect, obvious
地下鉄 【ちかてつ】underground train, subway
火 【ひ】fire, flame, blaze
火事 【かじ】fire, conflagration
赤ちゃん 【あかちゃん】baby, infant
村 【むら】village
力 【ちから】① force, strength, might, vigour (vigor), energy ② capability, ability, proficiency, capacity, faculty ③ efficacy, effect ④ effort, endeavours (endeavors), exertions ⑤ power, authority, influence, good offices, agency ⑥ support, help, aid, assistance ⑦ stress, emphasis ⑧ means, resources
森 【もり】① forest ② shrine grove
石 【いし】① stone ② gem, jewel
林 【はやし】woods, forest, copse, thicket
一休み 【ひとやすみ】rest
左右 【さゆう】① left and right ② influence, control, domination
女子 【じょし】woman, girl
男子 【だんし】youth, young man
土 【つち】① earth, soil, dirt ② the earth (historically, esp. as opposed to the heavens), the ground, the land ③ low-quality torinoko-gami (containing mud) ④ (period of) refraining from construction in the direction of the god of the earth (in On'youdou)
土地 【とち】plot of land, lot, soil
悪口 【わるくち】abuse, insult, slander, evil speaking
金庫 【きんこ】safe, vault, treasury, provider of funds
石油 【せきゆ】oil, petroleum, kerosene
宝石 【ほうせき】gem, jewel
三日月 【みかづき】new moon, crescent moon
長女 【ちょうじょ】eldest daughter
長男 【ちょうなん】eldest son
お休み 【おやすみ】① holiday, day off, absence ② sleep, rest ③ Good night
下町 【したまち】Shitamachi, lower parts of town
田んぼ 【たんぼ】paddy field, farm
四角い 【しかくい】square, rectangular
森林 【しんりん】forest, woods
針金 【はりがね】wire
磁石 【じしゃく】① magnet ② compass
噴火 【ふんか】eruption
岩石 【がんせき】rock
水田 【すいでん】(water-filled) paddy field
体力 【たいりょく】physical strength
田園 【でんえん】① country, rural districts ② cultivated land, fields
日の丸 【ひのまる】① outline of the sun (esp. represented as a red circle) ② the Japanese flag
シャボン玉soap bubble
休日 【きゅうじつ】holiday, day off
子ども 【こども】child, children
水上 【すいじょう】aquatic, on the water
川 【かわ】① river, stream ② the .... river, (suffix used with the names of rivers)
川下 【かわしも】downstream
川上 【かわかみ】upper reaches of a river
日本人 【にほんじん】Japanese person, Japanese people
たき火 【たきび】① open-air fire (e.g. for garden refuse), bonfire ② open fire (e.g. in a kitchen)
本日 【ほんじつ】today
右左 【みぎひだり】right and left
村人 【むらびと】villager
村長 【そんちょう】village headman
右折 【うせつ】turning to the right, right turn
左折 【させつ】turning to the left, left turn
青信号 【あおしんごう】green light
石垣 【いしがき】stone wall
木陰 【こかげ】shade of tree, bower
力士 【りきし】① sumo wrestler, rikishi ② strong man