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Most frequent words part 2

This completes the four frequency lists up to 5500.

First 500 entries [show all] — Created by Ryan M. — Last modified: 2015-03-10 16:05:19
うっかりcarelessly, thoughtlessly, inadvertently
しつこいinsistent, obstinate
じっと① motionlessly ② fixedly (e.g. of staring) ③ patiently ④ firmly (e.g. hold), restrained
そっとsoftly, gently, quietly, secretly
だらけ① implying (negatively) that something is full of (e.g. mistakes) ② covered all over (e.g. with blood)
ちゃんとperfectly, properly, exactly
ぼんやりabsent-minded, blockhead, dim, faint, vague
まあyou might say, Oh!, Wow!, Well!
やって来る 【やってくる】to come along, to come around, to turn up
オーバー① overcoat ② over, exceeding, going beyond, exaggeration ③ ball hit over the head of an outfielder (baseball)
見上げる 【みあげる】to look up at, to raise one's eyes, to admire
左右 【さゆう】① left and right ② influence, control, domination
週 【しゅう】week
女子 【じょし】woman, girl
上 【じょう】① from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of ② aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above ③ first volume (e.g. book) ④ superior quality, best, top, high class ⑤ going up ⑥ governmental, imperial ⑦ presenting, showing
生える 【はえる】① to grow, to spring up ② to cut (teeth)
生じる 【しょうじる】① to produce, to yield ② to result from, to arise, to be generated
大半 【たいはん】majority, mostly, generally
中学 【ちゅうがく】middle school, junior high school
読書 【どくしょ】reading
年生 【ねんせい】pupil in ... year, student in ... year
半ば 【なかば】middle, half, semi, halfway, partly
分ける 【わける】to divide, to separate, to make distinctions, to differentiate (between)
毎 【ごと】each respectively
一方 【いっぽう】① one (esp. of two), the other, one way, the other way, one direction, the other direction, one side, the other side, one party, the other party ② on the one hand, on the other hand ③ whereas, although, but at the same time, meanwhile, in turn ④ (after noun, adjective-stem or plain verb) just keeps, being inclined to ..., tending to be ..., tending to do ..., continuously ..., just keeps on ...ing, only
家事 【かじ】① housework, domestic chores ② family affairs, household matters
海外 【かいがい】foreign, abroad, overseas
行動 【こうどう】action, conduct, behaviour, behavior, mobilization, mobilisation
高度 【こうど】① altitude, height ② advanced, high-grade, strong
国会 【こっかい】National Diet, parliament, congress
作家 【さっか】author, writer, novelist, artist
作業 【さぎょう】work, operation, manufacturing, fatigue duty
作品 【さくひん】work (e.g. book, film, composition, etc.), opus, performance, production
使用 【しよう】use, application, employment, utilization, utilisation
持ち上げる 【もちあげる】to raise, to lift up, to flatter
室 【しつ】① room ② Chinese "Encampment" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
質 【しつ】quality
出会い 【であい】meeting, rendezvous, encounter
小屋 【こや】hut, cabin, shed, (animal) pen
場 【ば】① place ② occasion, situation ③ field (physics)
食品 【しょくひん】commodity, foodstuff
真っ赤 【まっか】① bright red, deep red, flushed (of face) ② downright (e.g. lie), complete, utter
世の中 【よのなか】society, the world, the times
世間 【せけん】world, society
正午 【しょうご】noon, mid-day
青年 【せいねん】youth, young man
切れる 【きれる】① to cut well, to be sharp ② to break (off), to snap, to wear out ③ to be injured ④ to burst, to collapse ⑤ to be disconnected, to be out of, to expire, to sever (connections) with ⑥ to be shrewd, to have a sharp mind ⑦ to drop under (a certain figure), to beat (e.g. a time) ⑧ to flip, to lose one's temper ⑨ to be able to do completely
前者 【ぜんしゃ】the former
体重 【たいじゅう】body weight (usu. one's own)
代理 【だいり】representation, agency, proxy, deputy, agent, attorney, substitute, alternate, acting (principal, etc.)
大家 【おおや】landlord, landlady
大使 【たいし】ambassador
度 【たび】time (three times, each time, etc.), times
動かす 【うごかす】① to move, to shift, to operate, to set in motion, to mobilize, to mobilise ② to inspire, to rouse, to move (e.g. feeling), to influence ③ to deny, to change
動作 【どうさ】action, movements, motions, bearing, behaviour, behavior, execution, actuation, operation, manners
発 【はつ】① departure, departing (from ...), departing (at time ...) ② beginning ③ issued by (e.g. document) ④ counter for gunshots, counter for blows (punches)
立ち上がる 【たちあがる】① to stand up, to get up ② to rise ③ to recover ④ to take action, to start ⑤ to make the initial charge (in sumo)
注ぐ 【そそぐ】① to pour (into), to fill ② to sprinkle on from above, to shed (e.g. tears) ③ to concentrate one's spirit or strength on ④ to fall onto (of rain, snow)
転ぶ 【ころぶ】to fall down, to fall over
計る 【はかる】① to measure, to weigh, to survey, to time (sound, gauge, estimate) ② to conjecture, to infer, to surmise
易い 【やすい】easy
一流 【いちりゅう】first-class, top grade, school (of art), foremost, top-notch, unique
営業 【えいぎょう】business, trade, sales, operations
横断 【おうだん】① crossing ② transverse
加える 【くわえる】to append, to sum up, to add (up), to include, to increase, to inflict
家具 【かぐ】furniture
他 【ほか】other (esp. places and things), the rest
確かめる 【たしかめる】to ascertain, to check, to make sure
額 【ひたい】forehead, brow
期間 【きかん】period, term, interval
記入 【きにゅう】entry, filling in of forms
逆らう 【さからう】to go against, to oppose, to disobey, to defy
求める 【もとめる】to seek, to request, to demand, to want, to wish for, to search for, to pursue (pleasure), to hunt (a job), to buy
金曜 【きんよう】Friday
語る 【かたる】to talk, to tell, to recite
向け 【むけ】intended for ..., oriented towards ..., aimed at ...
考え 【かんがえ】thinking, thought, ideas, intention
号 【ごう】① number, edition, make, model, issue, part of that group ② sobriquet, pen-name
合計 【ごうけい】sum total, total amount
合図 【あいず】sign, signal
国王 【こくおう】king
今回 【こんかい】now, this time, lately
根 【ね】① root (of a plant) ② root (of a tooth, hair, etc.), center (of a pimple, etc.) ③ root root (of all evil, etc.), source, origin, cause, basis ④ one's true nature ⑤ (fishing) reef
参加 【さんか】participation
残り 【のこり】remnant, residue, remaining, left-over
指導 【しどう】① leadership, guidance, coaching ② shido (disciplinary action for a minor infringement of the rules of judo)
試す 【ためす】to attempt, to test, to try out
事情 【じじょう】circumstances, consideration, conditions, situation, reasons
実は 【じつは】as a matter of fact, by the way, to tell you the truth, to be honest, frankly
実験 【じっけん】experiment
実行 【じっこう】practice, practise, performance, execution (e.g. program) (programme), realization, realisation, implementation
取り出す 【とりだす】① to take out, to produce, to pick out ② to fetch, to retrieve
守る 【まもる】① to protect, to guard, to defend ② to keep (i.e. a promise), to abide (by the rules), to observe, to obey, to follow
首相 【しゅしょう】Prime Minister, Chancellor (Germany, Austria, etc.), Premier
終える 【おえる】to finish
集会 【しゅうかい】meeting, assembly
集中 【しゅうちゅう】concentration, convergence, centralization, integration, gathering together
出身 【しゅっしん】① person's origin (town, city, country, etc.) ② institution from which one graduated ③ director in charge of employee relations
ところで① by the way, incidentally ② even if, no matter (who, what, when, where, why, how)
書物 【しょもつ】books
書類 【しょるい】documents, official papers
助かる 【たすかる】to be saved, to be rescued, to survive, to be helpful
助手 【じょしゅ】helper, helpmeet, assistant, tutor
勝負 【しょうぶ】victory or defeat, match, contest, game, bout
消費 【しょうひ】consumption, expenditure
上等 【じょうとう】superiority, first-class, very good
場面 【ばめん】scene, setting (e.g. of novel)
常に 【つねに】always, constantly
新た 【あらた】① new, fresh, novel ② newly, freshly, re-
神 【かみ】god, deity, divinity, spirit, kami
身長 【しんちょう】height (of body), stature
身分 【みぶん】social position, social status
進学 【しんがく】entering a higher-level school, esp. going on to university
人類 【じんるい】mankind, humanity
数字 【すうじ】numeral, figure, digit, numeric character
生命 【せいめい】life, existence
石油 【せきゆ】oil, petroleum, kerosene
組む 【くむ】① to cross (legs or arms), to link (arms) ② to put together, to construct, to assemble, to produce (e.g. TV program) ③ to braid, to plait ④ to grapple, to wrestle ⑤ to unite, to link up, to form an alliance ⑥ to set (e.g. type) ⑦ to issue (e.g. money order)
対 【たい】① opposite, opposition ② versus, vs ③ to (i.e. "we won the game five to three") ④ equal footing, equal terms ⑤ against ..., anti-, toward ..., to ...
単なる 【たんなる】mere, simple, sheer
単に 【たんに】simply, merely, only, solely
単語 【たんご】word, vocabulary, (usually) single-character word
調子 【ちょうし】① tune, tone, key, pitch, time, rhythm ② vein, mood, way, manner, style, knack ③ condition, state of health ④ impetus, spur of the moment, strain ⑤ trend
長期 【ちょうき】long time period
追う 【おう】① to chase, to run after, to pursue ② to follow (i.e. a set order, a trend) ③ to drive out, to oust, to expel ④ to drive (i.e. a herd) ⑤ (in passive voice) to be pressed (for time, etc.)
通 【つう】① connoisseur, authority ② counter for letters, notes, documents, etc.
通じる 【つうじる】to run to, to lead to, to communicate, to understand, to be well-informed
低下 【ていか】fall, decline, lowering, deterioration, degradation
鉄 【てつ】iron
鉄道 【てつどう】railroad
伝わる 【つたわる】to be handed down, to be introduced, to be transmitted, to be circulated, to go along, to walk along
登山 【とざん】mountain climbing
都会 【とかい】city
当たり前 【あたりまえ】① natural, reasonable, obvious ② usual, common, ordinary
当たる 【あたる】① to be hit, to strike ② to touch, to be in contact, to be affixed ③ to be equivalent to, to be applicable, to apply to ④ to be right on the money (of a prediction, criticism, etc.) ⑤ to be selected (in a lottery, etc.), to win ⑥ to be successful, to go well, to be a hit ⑦ to face, to confront ⑧ to lie (in the direction of) ⑨ to undertake, to be assigned ⑩ to be stricken (by food poisoning, heat, etc.), to be afflicted ⑪ to be called upon (by the teacher) ⑫ to treat (esp. harshly), to lash out at ⑬ to be unnecessary ⑭ (in baseball) to be hitting well, to be on a hitting streak ⑮ (in fishing) to feel a bite ⑯ (of fruit, etc.) to be bruised, to spoil ⑰ to feel (something) out, to probe into, to check (i.e. by comparison) ⑱ to shave
等しい 【ひとしい】equal, similar, like, equivalent
日曜 【にちよう】Sunday
番目 【ばんめ】cardinal number suffix
飛ばす 【とばす】① to fly, to fire, to hurl ② to skip over, to omit, to drop (e.g. stitch) ③ to run or drive fast, to gallop ④ to spread a rumour (rumor), to tell a story ⑤ to remove, to get rid of, to transfer ⑥ to attack, to jeer at
部 【ぶ】① department (in an organization), division, bureau ② club ③ part, component, element ④ category ⑤ counter for copies of a newspaper or magazine
文明 【ぶんめい】① civilization, civilisation, culture ② Bummei era (1469.4.28-1487.7.20)
平等 【びょうどう】equality, impartiality, evenness
辺り 【あたり】① on the bank of, by the side of (e.g. a river, pond) ② (in the) neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity, nearby
満足 【まんぞく】① satisfaction ② sufficiency
無事 【ぶじ】safety, peace, quietness
夜明け 【よあけ】dawn, daybreak
野球 【やきゅう】baseball
陽気 【ようき】① cheerful, merry ② season, weather
理想 【りそう】ideal, dream
列 【れつ】queue, line, row, column, sequence, string, train
列車 【れっしゃ】train (ordinary)
話し合う 【はなしあう】to discuss, to talk together
毎月 【まいつき】every month, each month, monthly
流行 【りゅうこう】fashion, fad, vogue, craze
以降 【いこう】on and after, as from, hereafter, thereafter, since
位 【くらい】① throne, crown, (nobleman's) seat ② government position, court rank ③ social standing, rank, class, echelon, rung ④ grade (of quality, etc.), level, tier, rank ⑤ digit (e.g. the tens, the hundreds, etc.), place ⑥ degree, extent, amount
違い 【ちがい】difference, discrepancy
鋭い 【するどい】pointed, sharp
演技 【えんぎ】acting, performance
煙 【けむり】smoke, fumes
可能 【かのう】possible, practicable, feasible
過去 【かこ】the past, bygone days, the previous
解ける 【とける】① to be solved ② to loosen, to come untied ③ to be removed (e.g. restrictions), to be cleared (e.g. misunderstandings), to be broken (e.g. spells, curses) ④ to melt
確認 【かくにん】affirmation, confirmation, validation
完全 【かんぜん】perfection, completeness
缶 【かん】can, tin
観念 【かんねん】① idea, notion, conception ② sense (e.g. of duty) ③ resignation, preparedness, acceptance ④ observation and contemplation
関連 【かんれん】relation, connection, relevance
記念 【きねん】commemoration, memory
技師 【ぎし】engineer, technician
強盗 【ごうとう】① robber, mugger ② robbery, burglary
軍 【ぐん】army, force, troops
経由 【けいゆ】go by the way, via
迎え 【むかえ】meeting, greeting, welcome
現在 【げんざい】now, current, present, present time, as of
現状 【げんじょう】present condition, existing state, status quo
呼吸 【こきゅう】① breath, respiration ② knack, trick, secret (of doing something)
枯れる 【かれる】to wither (plant), to be blasted, to die
誤り 【あやまり】error, mistake, slip, bug
光景 【こうけい】scene, spectacle
効果 【こうか】effect, effectiveness, efficacy, result
更に 【さらに】furthermore, again, after all, more and more, moreover
構う 【かまう】① to mind, to care about, to be concerned about ② to care for, to look after ③ to prepare for ④ to intefere with, to meddle in ⑤ to tease
硬い 【かたい】① hard, solid, tough ② stiff, tight, wooden, unpolished (e.g. writing) ③ strong, firm (not viscous or easily moved) ④ safe, steady, honest, steadfast ⑤ obstinate, stubborn ⑥ bookish, formal, stuffy
航空 【こうくう】aviation, flying
荒れる 【あれる】to be stormy, to be rough, to lose one's temper
講演 【こうえん】lecture, address, speech
合格 【ごうかく】success, passing (e.g. exam), eligibility
刻む 【きざむ】to mince, to carve, to engrave, to cut fine, to chop up, to hash, to chisel, to notch
国境 【こっきょう】national or state border
国民 【こくみん】nation, nationality, people, citizen
骨折 【こっせつ】bone fracture
困難 【こんなん】difficulty, distress
混乱 【こんらん】disorder, chaos, confusion, mayhem
差 【さ】difference, variation
差す 【さす】① to raise (e.g. hands, umbrella), to stretch out ② to be tinged ③ to wear at one's side (e.g. sword) ④ to shine ⑤ to provoke a feeling
再び 【ふたたび】again, once more, a second time
最高 【さいこう】highest, supreme, the most
最低 【さいてい】① least, lowest, worst ② nasty, disgusting, horrible, yuck!
罪 【つみ】crime, fault, indiscretion, sin
作成 【さくせい】framing, drawing up, making, producing, creating, creation, preparing, writing
殺す 【ころす】to kill
賛成 【さんせい】approval, agreement, support, favour, favor
支える 【ささえる】① to support, to prop, to sustain, to underlay, to hold up ② to hold at bay, to stem, to check
支給 【しきゅう】provision, supply, payment, allowance, grant
支配 【しはい】rule, control, direction
支払う 【しはらう】to pay
死亡 【しぼう】death, mortality
資料 【しりょう】materials, data, document
似合う 【にあう】to suit, to match, to become, to be like
時刻 【じこく】instant, time, moment
実現 【じつげん】implementation (e.g. of a system), materialization, materialisation, realization, realisation
主要 【しゅよう】chief, main, principal, major
手段 【しゅだん】means, way, measure
種類 【しゅるい】① variety, kind, type, category ② counter for different sorts of things
収入 【しゅうにゅう】income, receipts, revenue
周囲 【しゅうい】① surroundings, environs ② circumference
周辺 【しゅうへん】① circumference, outskirts, environs, around, in the area of, in the vicinity of ② (computer) peripheral
集団 【しゅうだん】group, mass
重要 【じゅうよう】important, momentous, essential, principal, major
宿泊 【しゅくはく】lodging
出版 【しゅっぱん】publication
述べる 【のべる】to state, to express, to mention
署名 【しょめい】signature
除く 【のぞく】to remove, to exclude, to except
承認 【しょうにん】recognition, acknowledgement, acknowledgment, approval, consent, agreement
昇る 【のぼる】① to ascend, to go up, to climb ② to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise ③ to go to (the capital) ④ to be promoted ⑤ to add up to ⑥ to advance (in price) ⑦ to swim up (a river), to sail up ⑧ to come up (on the agenda)
常識 【じょうしき】common knowledge, conventional wisdom, general knowledge, common sense
職 【しょく】employment
職場 【しょくば】one's post, place of work, workplace
伸びる 【のびる】① to stretch, to extend, to lengthen, to spread ② to make progress, to grow (beard, body height) ③ to grow stale (soba) ④ to be straightened, to be flattened, to be smoothed ⑤ to be exhausted ⑥ to be postponed, to be prolonged
信じる 【しんじる】to believe, to believe in, to place trust in, to confide in, to have faith in
信号 【しんごう】traffic lights, signal, semaphore
信頼 【しんらい】reliance, trust, faith, confidence
深刻 【しんこく】serious
真似 【まね】mimicry, imitation, behavior, behaviour, pretense, pretence
神経 【しんけい】nerve, sensitivity
震える 【ふるえる】to shiver, to shake, to quake, to tremble, to quaver, to quiver
性 【せい】① nature (of a person) ② sex ③ gender ④ -ty (suffix indicating quality or condition), -ity, -ness
性格 【せいかく】character, personality
成人 【せいじん】① adult ② to grow up, to mature ③ to come of age
税金 【ぜいきん】tax, duty
責める 【せめる】to condemn, to blame, to criticize, to criticise
設計 【せっけい】plan, design, layout
説 【せつ】theory
占める 【しめる】① to comprise (some part of the whole), to account for, to make up (of) ② to hold, to occupy
相続 【そうぞく】succession, inheritance
孫 【まご】grandchild
大臣 【だいじん】cabinet minister
単位 【たんい】① unit, denomination ② credit (in school)
担当 【たんとう】(in) charge (of an area of responsibility, but not necessarily supervision of staff)
地域 【ちいき】area, region
仲 【なか】relation, relationship
仲間 【なかま】company, fellow, colleague, associate, comrade, mate, group, circle of friends, partner
駐車 【ちゅうしゃ】parking (e.g. car)
泥 【どろ】mud
努力 【どりょく】great effort, exertion, endeavour, endeavor, effort
党 【とう】① party (political) ② faction, -ite
塔 【とう】tower, pagoda
到着 【とうちゃく】arrival
働き 【はたらき】work, workings, activity, ability, talent, function, labor, labour, action, operation, movement, motion, conjugation, inflection, achievement
得意 【とくい】① triumph, prosperity ② pride ③ one's strong point, one's forte, one's specialty ④ frequent customer (client, etc.)
突っ込む 【つっこむ】① to thrust something into something ② to plunge into, to go into deeply ③ to meddle, to interfere ④ to retort ⑤ to riposte
届く 【とどく】① to reach, to arrive, to get through, to get at ② to be attentive, to pay attention ③ to be delivered, to carry (e.g. sound)
南極 【なんきょく】① South Pole ② the Antarctic, Antarctica
任せる 【まかせる】① to entrust (e.g. a task) to another, to leave to ② to passively leave to someone else's facilities ③ to leave to take its natural course ④ to continue (something) in a natural fashion (without particular aim) ⑤ to rely fully on one's (full strength, great ability, long time taken) to get something done
熱心 【ねっしん】zeal, enthusiasm
抜ける 【ぬける】① to come out, to fall out, to be omitted, to be missing, to escape ② to exit (a program loop)
貧しい 【まずしい】poor, needy
夫妻 【ふさい】man and wife, married couple
風景 【ふうけい】scenery
腹 【はら】① abdomen, belly, stomach ② one's mind, one's real intentions, one's true motive ③ loop (physics) ④ counter for hard roe
閉じる 【とじる】to close (e.g. book, eyes, meeting, etc.), to shut
法則 【ほうそく】law, rule
役割 【やくわり】part, assigning (allotment of) parts, role, duties
優れる 【すぐれる】to surpass, to outstrip, to excel
予測 【よそく】prediction, estimation
余る 【あまる】to remain, to be left over, to be in excess, to be too many
幼い 【おさない】① very young ② childish, immature
冷静 【れいせい】calm, composure, coolness, serenity
論じる 【ろんじる】to argue, to discuss, to debate
最中 【さいちゅう】in the middle of, height of, in course of, midst
夫婦 【ふうふ】married couple, spouses, husband and wife, couple, pair
包帯 【ほうたい】bandage, dressing
慰める 【なぐさめる】to comfort, to console, to amuse
井戸 【いど】water well
稲 【いね】rice-plant
隠れる 【かくれる】to hide, to be hidden, to conceal oneself, to disappear
温暖 【おんだん】warmth
穏やか 【おだやか】calm, gentle, quiet
家賃 【やちん】rent
芽 【め】sprout
街 【がい】.. street, .. quarter, .. district
覚悟 【かくご】resolution, resignation, readiness, preparedness
奇妙 【きみょう】strange, queer, curious
休暇 【きゅうか】holiday, day off, furlough, absence (from work)
急激 【きゅうげき】sudden, precipitous, radical
救助 【きゅうじょ】relief, aid, rescue
金銭 【きんせん】money, cash
欠陥 【けっかん】① defect, fault, deficiency, deformity ② shortage, gap
結果 【けっか】① result, consequence, outcome, effect ② coming to fruition, bearing fruit
憲法 【けんぽう】constitution
誇り 【ほこり】pride, boast
攻撃 【こうげき】attack, strike, offensive, criticism, censure
考慮 【こうりょ】consideration, taking into account
貢献 【こうけん】contribution, services
裁判 【さいばん】trial, judgement, judgment
姿 【すがた】figure, shape, appearance
至る 【いたる】① to arrive at (e.g. a decision), to reach (a stage), to attain ② to lead to (a place), to get to
資源 【しげん】resources
自慢 【じまん】pride, boast
芝居 【しばい】play, drama
主義 【しゅぎ】doctrine, rule, principle
主張 【しゅちょう】claim, request, insistence, assertion, advocacy, emphasis, contention, opinion, tenet
就く 【つく】① to ascend (the throne), to accede ② to take (seat, position, course, etc.), to assume ③ to start (on a journey), to commence, to depart ④ to study (under teacher), to be an apprentice
就職 【しゅうしょく】finding employment, inauguration
修正 【しゅうせい】amendment, correction, revision, modification, alteration, retouching, update, fix
臭い 【くさい】① stinking, smelly ② suspicious, fishy ③ clumsy
渋滞 【じゅうたい】congestion (e.g. traffic), delay, stagnation
銃 【じゅう】gun, rifle, small arms
助け 【たすけ】assistance
女房 【にょうぼう】① wife ② court lady, female court attache, woman who served at the imperial palace
徐々 【じょじょ】① gradually, steadily, quietly, slowly ② soon
衝突 【しょうとつ】collision, conflict
障害 【しょうがい】① obstacle, impediment, hindrance, difficulty, barrier ② handicap, impairment, disability, disorder, malfunction
条件 【じょうけん】condition, conditions, term, terms, requirement, requirements
食糧 【しょくりょう】provisions, rations, food supply
信仰 【しんこう】(religious) faith, belief, creed
申し訳 【もうしわけ】apology, excuse
真実 【しんじつ】truth, reality
睡眠 【すいみん】sleep
専攻 【せんこう】major subject, special study
善 【ぜん】good, goodness, right, virtue
訴える 【うったえる】① to sue (a person), to take someone to court ② to resort to (e.g. arms, violence) ③ to appeal to, to call for ④ to raise, to bring to (someone's attention) ⑤ to complain
喪失 【そうしつ】loss, forfeit
巣 【す】① nest, rookery, breeding place, hive ② den ③ haunt ④ (spider's) web
相撲 【すもう】① sumo wrestling ② sumo wrestler, rikishi
騒ぎ 【さわぎ】uproar, disturbance
態度 【たいど】attitude, manner, behaviour
滞在 【たいざい】stay, sojourn
第 【だい】ordinal
張る 【はる】① to stick, to paste, to affix ② to stretch, to spread, to strain, to tighten ③ to form (e.g. ice on a pond) ④ to fill, to swell ⑤ to stick out, to put, to slap ⑥ to be expensive
眺める 【ながめる】to view, to gaze at
釣り 【つり】① fishing, angling ② change (e.g. for a purchase)
哲学 【てつがく】philosophy
伝統 【でんとう】tradition, convention
当然 【とうぜん】natural, as a matter of course
統計 【とうけい】statistics
豆 【まめ】① legume (esp. edible legumes or their seeds, such as beans, peas, pulses, etc.), beans, peas ② soya bean (soybean), soy (Glycine max) ③ miniature, tiny ④ child
憧れる 【あこがれる】to long for, to yearn after, to admire, to be attracted by
特徴 【とくちょう】feature, trait, characteristic, pecularity
独身 【どくしん】bachelorhood, single, unmarried, celibate
独特 【どくとく】peculiarity, uniqueness, characteristic
独立 【どくりつ】independence (e.g. Independence Day), self-support
拍手 【はくしゅ】clapping hands, applause
発展 【はってん】① development, growth, advancement, unfurling ② expansion, extension, enlargement ③ playing around, having an active sex life
反抗 【はんこう】opposition, resistance, insubordination, defiance, hostility, rebellion
微笑む 【ほほえむ】to smile
分析 【ぶんせき】analysis
無視 【むし】disregard, ignore
矛盾 【むじゅん】contradiction, inconsistency
霧 【きり】fog, mist
迷惑 【めいわく】trouble, bother, annoyance
黙る 【だまる】to be silent
優秀 【ゆうしゅう】superiority, excellence
誘う 【さそう】① to invite, to ask, to call (for) ② to tempt, to lure, to induce
要素 【ようそ】① component, factor, item (e.g. in list) ② element (e.g. in array), member (e.g. data structure)
利益 【りえき】① profit, gains ② benefit, advantage, interest (of the public, etc.) ③ grace (of God, Buddha, etc.) (esp. as attained through rightful actions, prayer, adherence to one's faith, etc.), blessing, miracle
逸れる 【それる】to stray (turn) from subject, to get lost, to go astray
化粧 【けしょう】make-up, cosmetics
傷 【きず】① wound, injury, cut, gash, bruise, scratch, scrape, scar ② chip, crack, scratch, nick ③ flaw, defect, weakness, weak point ④ stain (on one's reputation), disgrace, dishonor, dishonour ⑤ (emotional) hurt, hurt feelings
敵 【てき】① opponent, rival, adversary ② menace, danger, threat, enemy
梅雨 【つゆ】① rainy season ② rain during the rainy season
雷 【かみなり】thunder
飽きる 【あきる】to get tired of, to lose interest in, to have enough
丘 【おか】hill, height, knoll, rising ground
褒める 【ほめる】to praise, to admire, to speak well
おしゃべりchattering, talk, idle talk, chat, chitchat, gossip, chatty, talkative, chatterbox, blabbermouth
くっつくto adhere to, to keep close to
ぶつかるto strike, to collide with, to bump into
たちまちat once, in a moment, suddenly, all at once
しかるto scold
ついに① finally, at last ② (with neg) in the end
ようやく① finally, at last ② barely, narrowly, hardly, only just ③ gradually, little by little, by degrees
しゃべるto talk, to chat, to chatter
潰す 【つぶす】① to smash, to crush ② to shut down ③ to thwart, to block ④ to kill (time) ⑤ to waste (e.g. talents)
諦める 【あきらめる】to give up, to abandon
釘 【くぎ】nail (i.e. small metal spike)
纏める 【まとめる】to put in order, to collect, to bring to a conclusion, to put (it all) together
謎 【なぞ】① riddle, puzzle, enigma, mystery ② enigmatic, mysterious
鍋 【なべ】saucepan, pot
しかもmoreover, furthermore, nevertheless, and yet
脇 【わき】① side, aside ② armpit ③ back-burner
曖昧 【あいまい】① vague, ambiguous, unclear ② fuzzy
しゃがむto squat, to crouch
しゃぶるto suck, to chew
すっきり① clearly, refreshed ② shapely, neatly, refinedly ③ cleanly, without trouble ④ clearly, plainly, distinctly ⑤ completely, thoroughly ⑥ not at all (with negative sentence), not even slightly
すっとstraight, quickly, directly, all of a sudden, quietly, gently, softly
何時の間にか 【いつのまにか】before one knows, before one becomes aware of, unnoticed, unawares
学年 【がくねん】year in school, grade in school
見出し 【みだし】heading, caption, subtitle, index
小学 【しょうがく】elementary school, primary school, grade school
上り 【のぼり】① ascent, climbing, ascending (path), climb ② up-train (e.g. going to Tokyo) ③ northward (towards Tokyo)
上る 【のぼる】① to ascend, to go up, to climb ② to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise ③ to go to (the capital) ④ to be promoted ⑤ to add up to ⑥ to advance (in price) ⑦ to swim up (a river), to sail up ⑧ to come up (on the agenda)
上下 【じょうげ】high and low, up and down, unloading and loading, praising and blaming
前後 【ぜんご】around, throughout, front and back, before and behind, before and after, about that (time), longitudinal, context, nearly, approximately
大小 【だいしょう】① sizes (various), large and small ② daisho (matched pair of long and short swords) ③ large and small drums ④ long months and short months
入社 【にゅうしゃ】entry to a company
英文 【えいぶん】① sentence in English, article in English, English text ② English literature (study of)
休業 【きゅうぎょう】closed (e.g. store), business suspended, shutdown, holiday
強気 【つよき】firm, strong
とどまる① to stop, to halt ② to remain, to abide, to stay (in the one place) ③ to come to a halt ④ to be limited to
写生 【しゃせい】sketching, drawing from nature, portrayal, description
集まる 【あつまる】to gather, to collect, to assemble
重ねる 【かさねる】to pile up, to put something on another, to heap up, to add, to repeat
書道 【しょどう】calligraphy (esp. Chinese)
青少年 【せいしょうねん】youth, young person
切れ 【きれ】① piece, slice, strip, scrap ② cloth ③ sharpness ④ counter for scraps, pieces, etc.
送料 【そうりょう】postage, carriage
大学院 【だいがくいん】graduate school
着せる 【きせる】① to put clothes on (someone) ② to plate, to gild, to veneer ③ to accuse (of some crime), to give (a bad name)
中世 【ちゅうせい】Middle Ages, mediaeval times
電力 【でんりょく】electric power
同時 【どうじ】simultaneous(ly), concurrent, same time, synchronous, together
発電 【はつでん】generation (e.g. power)
飯 【めし】① meals, food ② cooked rice ③ one's livelihood
安易 【あんい】① easy, simple ② easy-going
引き返す 【ひきかえす】to repeat, to send back, to bring back, to retrace one's steps
外科 【げか】surgical department
曲げる 【まげる】to bend, to crook, to lean, to yield (a point), to depart (from a principle)
行列 【ぎょうれつ】① line, procession ② matrix
合同 【ごうどう】combination, incorporation, union, amalgamation, fusion, congruence
合流 【ごうりゅう】confluence, union, linking up, merge, recombining
国語 【こくご】① Japanese (language) ② national language ③ native Japanese words (as opposed to loanwords)
参考 【さんこう】reference, consultation
指定 【してい】designation, specification, assignment, appointment, pointing at
次ぐ 【つぐ】to rank next to, to come after
主語 【しゅご】subject
手首 【てくび】wrist
重量 【じゅうりょう】① weight ② heavyweight boxer
少数 【しょうすう】minority, few
消化 【しょうか】① digestion ② thorough understanding ③ selling accumulated (excess) products, dealing with a large amount of work ④ losing one's form and turning into something else
乗車 【じょうしゃ】taking a train, bus, etc., entraining
神話 【しんわ】myth, legend
水準 【すいじゅん】① level, standard ② water level
水平 【すいへい】level, horizontality
体育 【たいいく】physical education, gymnastics, athletics
竹 【たけ】① bamboo ② middle (of a three-tier ranking system)
直後 【ちょくご】immediately following
通勤 【つうきん】commuting to work
通用 【つうよう】① popular use, circulation ② to pass as
定員 【ていいん】fixed number of regular personnel, capacity (of boat, hall, aeroplane, airplane, etc.)
定期 【ていき】① fixed term ② fixed-term commutation pass ③ fixed-term deposit
電波 【でんぱ】electro-magnetic wave, radio wave
能 【のう】① talent, gift, function ② noh (theatre)
飛行 【ひこう】aviation
運河 【うんが】canal, waterway
超す 【こす】① to cross over (e.g. mountain), to go across ② to go over (e.g. with audience) ③ to pass time (e.g. a winter) ④ to surpass, to be better than, to exceed ⑤ to move house ⑥ to go, to come
灰 【はい】ash, ashes
覚ます 【さます】① to awaken ② to disabuse ③ to sober up
気圧 【きあつ】atmospheric pressure
見舞う 【みまう】to ask after (health), to visit
現す 【あらわす】① to reveal, to show, to display ② to express ③ to represent, to signify, to stand for ④ to make widely known
現に 【げんに】actually, really
限度 【げんど】limit, bounds
講師 【こうし】lecturer
高層 【こうそう】multistory, multistoried, high-rise, high, tall
腰掛ける 【こしかける】to sit (down)
再三 【さいさん】again and again, repeatedly
散る 【ちる】① to fall (e.g. blossoms, leaves) ② to scatter, to be dispersed ③ to disappear, to dissolve, to break up ④ to spread, to run, to blur ⑤ to die a noble death
資本 【しほん】funds, capital
児童 【じどう】children, juvenile
自治 【じち】self-government, autonomy
自宅 【じたく】one's home
実績 【じっせき】achievements, actual results
終了 【しゅうりょう】end, close, termination
書籍 【しょせき】book, publication
承る 【うけたまわる】① to hear, to be told, to know ② to receive (order), to undertake, to comply, to take (a reservation, etc.)
省略 【しょうりゃく】omission, abbreviation, abridgment, abridgement
蒸気 【じょうき】steam, vapour, vapor
職人 【しょくにん】worker, mechanic, artisan, craftsman
制作 【せいさく】work (film, book)
性能 【せいのう】ability, performance, efficiency
生存 【せいぞん】① existence, being, survival ② to exist, to live, to survive
浅い 【あさい】shallow, superficial
争う 【あらそう】① to compete, to contest, to contend ② to quarrel, to argue, to dispute, to be at variance, to oppose ③ (usu. in negative form) to deny (e.g. evidence)
窓口 【まどぐち】① ticket window, teller window, counter ② contact person, point of contact
増大 【ぞうだい】enlargement, increase
探る 【さぐる】to search, to look for, to sound out
停止 【ていし】suspension, interruption, stoppage, ban, standstill, halt, hang-up, deadlock, stalemate, abeyance
灯台 【とうだい】lighthouse
濃度 【のうど】① concentration, thickness, density ② cardinality
美容 【びよう】beauty of figure or form
方程式 【ほうていしき】equation, formula
輸送 【ゆそう】transport, transportation
翌年 【よくねん】following year
粒 【つぶ】grain, bead
圧縮 【あっしゅく】compression, condensation, constriction, compaction
下旬 【げじゅん】month (last third of)
仮定 【かてい】assumption, supposition, hypothesis