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Most frequent words part 5

Continued; from four different frequency lists. Excludes N5 and N4 vocabulary.


848 entriesCreated by Ryan M. — Last modified: 2015-06-07 04:51:09
読み 【よみ】reading
手品 【てじな】sleight of hand, conjuring trick, magic, juggling
少しも 【すこしも】anything of, not one bit (with negative sentence)
足る 【たる】to be sufficient, to be enough, to be worthy of
特急 【とっきゅう】① limited express (train, faster than an express) ② great hurry
不運 【ふうん】unlucky, misfortune, bad luck, fate
勤め 【つとめ】① service, duty, business, responsibility, task ② Buddhist religious services
試し 【ためし】trial, test
小麦 【こむぎ】wheat
相当 【そうとう】① befitting, becoming, worthy of, proportionate, in keeping with, suitable ② considerable, substantial ③ to be worthy of, to be proportionate to ④ to correspond to (in meaning, function, etc.), to be equivalent ⑤ extremely, considerably
体温 【たいおん】temperature, body temperature (human, animal)
頭 【とう】counter for large animals (e.g. head of cattle)
悲しむ 【かなしむ】to be sad, to mourn for, to regret
費 【ひ】cost, expense
表情 【ひょうじょう】facial expression
秒 【びょう】second (60th min)
湿気 【しっけ】moisture, humidity, dampness
実際 【じっさい】① practicality, practical ② reality, actuality, actual conditions ③ bhutakoti (limit of reality)
省く 【はぶく】to omit, to eliminate, to curtail, to economize, to economise
総 【そう】whole, all, general, gross
憎む 【にくむ】to hate, to detest
適切 【てきせつ】pertinent, appropriate, adequate, relevance
怒鳴る 【どなる】to shout, to yell
販売 【はんばい】sales, selling, marketing
悔やむ 【くやむ】① to mourn, to lament ② to be sorry, to regret, to repent
死 【し】death, decease
状態 【じょうたい】current status, condition, situation, circumstances, state
振り向く 【ふりむく】to turn one's face, to turn around, to look over one's shoulder
請求 【せいきゅう】claim, demand, charge, application, request, billing (for a service)
博物館 【はくぶつかん】museum
べき① should (suf. to verbs), must, that one ought to, to be done ② (passive ending) -able
おめでとうcongratulations!, an auspicious occasion!
じかにdirectly, in person, headlong
下水 【げすい】① drainage, ditch, gutter, sewerage ② sewage, black water
言いつける 【いいつける】① to tell (to do), to order, to charge, to direct ② to tell on (someone), to report ③ to often say
思い切り 【おもいきり】with all one's strength, with all one's heart, resignation, resolution
赤道 【せきどう】equator
田んぼ 【たんぼ】paddy field, farm
苦心 【くしん】pain, trouble, anxiety, diligence, hard work
山林 【さんりん】mountain forest, mountains and forest
四角 【しかく】square
実用 【じつよう】practical use, utility
主役 【しゅやく】leading part, leading actor (actress)
受け持つ 【うけもつ】to take (be in) charge of
真っ暗 【まっくら】① total darkness, pitch dark ② bleak future, poor prospects
待合室 【まちあいしつ】waiting room
退ける 【どける】to remove, to take away, to dislodge, to put something out of the way
大通り 【おおどおり】main street
通路 【つうろ】passage, pathway
童話 【どうわ】fairy-tale
漁師 【りょうし】fisherman
月給 【げっきゅう】monthly salary
香水 【こうすい】perfume
作法 【さほう】manners, etiquette, propriety
散らす 【ちらす】to scatter, to disperse, to distribute
お出掛け 【おでかけ】about to start out, just about to leave or go out
蒸発 【じょうはつ】① evaporation ② disappearance (of people intentionally concealing their whereabouts), unexplained disappearance
信ずる 【しんずる】to believe, to believe in, to place trust in, to confide in, to have faith in
人造 【じんぞう】man-made, synthetic, artificial
税関 【ぜいかん】customs house
体積 【たいせき】capacity, volume
盗難 【とうなん】theft, robbery
突き 【つき】a thrust, a pass, a lunge, a stab
破片 【はへん】fragment, splinter, broken piece
薄暗い 【うすぐらい】dim, gloomy
看病 【かんびょう】nursing (a patient)
ご無沙汰 【ごぶさた】not writing or contacting for a while, neglecting (failing) to write (call, visit, etc.), long silence
孝行 【こうこう】filial piety
鎖 【くさり】chain, chains
索引 【さくいん】index, indices, indexes
至急 【しきゅう】urgent, pressing
射す 【さす】to shine
縮む 【ちぢむ】to shrink, to contract, to diminish (in size)
図鑑 【ずかん】illustrated reference book, illustrated encyclopedia (esp. for children), picture book
素質 【そしつ】character, qualities, genius, the makings of
張り切る 【はりきる】to be in high spirits, to be full of vigor (vigour), to be enthusiastic, to be eager, to stretch to breaking point
伝染 【でんせん】contagion
峠 【とうげ】ridge, (mountain) pass, difficult part
鉢 【はち】① bowl, pot, basin ② flowerpot ③ crown, brainpan
標本 【ひょうほん】example, specimen, sample
くれぐれもrepeatedly, sincerely, earnestly
とっくにlong ago, already, a long time ago
狙い 【ねらい】aim
たんすchest of drawers, bureau, cabinet, tansu, dresser
這う 【はう】to creep, to crawl
がっしりfirmly, solidly, tough
ぼやけるto become dim, to become blurred
なんだかんだsomething or other
小数 【しょうすう】fraction (part of), decimal fraction
市庁 【しちょう】municipal office
床 【とこ】① bed, bedding ② sickbed ③ alcove ④ riverbed ⑤ seedbed ⑥ straw "core" of a tatami mat ⑦ floor
針路 【しんろ】course, direction, compass bearing
殿 【しんがり】① rear, rear unit guard ② anchor (man)
お宮 【おみや】Shinto shrine
英字 【えいじ】English letter, alphabetic character
介抱 【かいほう】nursing, looking after
改まる 【あらたまる】① to be renewed ② to stand on ceremony, to be formal ③ to take a turn for the worse
街頭 【がいとう】in the street
学説 【がくせつ】theory
叶える 【かなえる】to grant (request, wish)
観覧 【かんらん】viewing
帰京 【ききょう】returning to Tokyo
詰る 【なじる】to rebuke, to scold, to tell off
共働き 【ともばたらき】(husband and wife) both working, dual income
凶作 【きょうさく】bad harvest, poor crop
見合い 【みあい】formal marriage interview
顧みる 【かえりみる】① to look back (e.g. over shoulder or at the past), to turn around, to review ② to reflect, to reconsider ③ to consider (usu. used in negative), to concern oneself about
語源 【ごげん】word root, word derivation, etymology
公然 【こうぜん】open (e.g. secret), public, official, overt
荒らす 【あらす】① to lay waste, to devastate, to damage ② to invade, to break into
裁く 【さばく】to judge
産婦人科 【さんふじんか】maternity and gynaecology department (gynecology), department of obstetrics and gynaecology (gynecology)
賛美 【さんび】praise, adoration, glorification
賜る 【たまわる】to be given, to be granted, to be honored with, to be honoured with
字体 【じたい】type, font, lettering
治まる 【おさまる】to be at peace, to clamp down, to lessen (storm, terror, anger)
磁気 【じき】magnetism
自ずから 【おのずから】naturally, as a matter of course
自尊心 【じそんしん】self-respect, conceit
辞職 【じしょく】resignation
失格 【しっかく】disqualification, elimination, incapacity (legal)
質素 【しっそ】simplicity, modesty, frugality
社交 【しゃこう】social life, social intercourse
取り寄せる 【とりよせる】to order, to send away for
手本 【てほん】① copybook ② model, pattern
趣 【おもむき】① meaning, tenor, gist ② effect, influence ③ appearance, aspect ④ taste ⑤ grace, charm, refinement
受かる 【うかる】to pass (examination)
納まる 【おさまる】to be delivered, to be obtained, to be paid
宿命 【しゅくめい】fate, destiny, predestination
出直し 【でなおし】adjustment, touch up
出費 【しゅっぴ】expenses, disbursements
消去 【しょうきょ】elimination, erasure, dying out, clearing, purge, melting away
情勢 【じょうせい】state of things, state of affairs, condition, situation, circumstances
侵す 【おかす】to invade, to raid, to trespass, to violate, to intrude on
申し入れる 【もうしいれる】to propose, to suggest
身なり 【みなり】personal appearance
身振り 【みぶり】gesture
辛うじて 【かろうじて】barely, narrowly, just manage to do something
人材 【じんざい】man of talent, capable person, talented person
人民 【じんみん】people, public
粋 【いき】① chic, stylish, refined, sophisticated, smart ② understanding, sympathetic ③ the best
制裁 【せいさい】restraint, sanctions, punishment
清らか 【きよらか】clean, pure, chaste
生き甲斐 【いきがい】something one lives for, purpose in life, raison d'etre
聖書 【せいしょ】Bible, scriptures
製鉄 【せいてつ】iron manufacture
青春 【せいしゅん】youth, springtime of life, adolescent
税務署 【ぜいむしょ】tax office
切実 【せつじつ】compelling, serious, severe, acute, earnest, pressing, urgent
先着 【せんちゃく】first arrival
宣教 【せんきょう】religious mission, religious proclamation
戦災 【せんさい】war damage
潜入 【せんにゅう】infiltration, sneaking in
善良 【ぜんりょう】goodness, excellence, virtue
全快 【ぜんかい】complete recovery of health
全盛 【ぜんせい】height of prosperity
組み合わせる 【くみあわせる】to join together, to combine, to join up
操縦 【そうじゅう】① flying (a plane) ② management, handling, control, manipulation
遭難 【そうなん】disaster, shipwreck, accident, being stranded
増進 【ぞうしん】promoting, increase, advance
太刀 【たち】long sword
待望 【たいぼう】① expectant waiting ② long-awaited
大概 【たいがい】① in general, almost all ② mainly, mostly, most likely ③ moderately, suitably
大方 【おおかた】perhaps, almost all, majority
短歌 【たんか】tanka, 31-syllable Japanese poem
壇 【だん】platform, podium, rostrum
断然 【だんぜん】firmly, absolutely, definitely
畜産 【ちくさん】animal husbandry
窒息 【ちっそく】suffocation, choking
着席 【ちゃくせき】sit down, seat
聴覚 【ちょうかく】the sense of hearing
聴講 【ちょうこう】lecture attendance, auditing
長閑 【のどか】tranquil, calm, quiet, peaceful
長編 【ちょうへん】long (e.g. novel, film)
沈没 【ちんぼつ】sinking, foundering, going down, submersion
定食 【ていしょく】set meal, special (of the day)
鉄鋼 【てっこう】iron and steel
天体 【てんたい】heavenly body
展示 【てんじ】exhibition, display
転勤 【てんきん】job transfer, job relocation, intra-company transfer
転校 【てんこう】change schools
伝来 【でんらい】ancestral, hereditary, imported, transmitted, handed down
逃亡 【とうぼう】escape, flight, running away, elopement, fleeing
動的 【どうてき】dynamic, kinetic
同封 【どうふう】enclosure (e.g. in a letter)
特産 【とくさん】specialty, special product
内緒 【ないしょ】① secrecy, confidentiality, privacy, secret ② one's circumstances (esp. fiscal) ③ inner realization, personal enlightenment ④ kitchen
内陸 【ないりく】inland
入浴 【にゅうよく】bathe, bathing
尿 【にょう】urine
粘る 【ねばる】to be sticky, to be adhesive, to persevere, to persist, to stick to
納入 【のうにゅう】payment, supply
破棄 【はき】tearing up and discarding (e.g. documents), disposal (e.g. weaponry), revocation, annulment, breaking (e.g. treaty), reversing (e.g. an original judgment) (judgement), discard
破損 【はそん】damage
馬鹿馬鹿しい 【ばかばかしい】stupid
爆破 【ばくは】destructive blast, explosion, blow up
罰 【ばつ】punishment, penalty
抜け出す 【ぬけだす】① to slip out, to sneak away, to excel ② to break (out of a loop)
反する 【はんする】to be inconsistent with, to oppose, to contradict, to transgress, to rebel
反乱 【はんらん】insurrection, mutiny, rebellion, revolt, uprising
晩年 【ばんねん】(one's) last years
否決 【ひけつ】rejection, negation, voting down
悲観 【ひかん】pessimism, disappointment
費やす 【ついやす】to spend, to devote, to waste
眉 【まゆ】eyebrow, eyebrows
匹敵 【ひってき】comparing with, match, rival, equal
票 【ひょう】label, ballot, ticket, sign
描写 【びょうしゃ】depiction, description, portrayal
病む 【やむ】to fall ill, to be ill
汚れ 【けがれ】uncleanness, impurity, disgrace
蒸留 【じょうりゅう】distillation
蛋白質 【たんぱくしつ】protein
はじく① to flip, to snap ② to repel
ちょうsuper-, ultra-, hyper-, very, really (conversational)
日頃 【ひごろ】normally, habitually
むらunevenness, inconsistency, erraticness, irregularity
微塵 【みじん】particle, atom
あしらうto arrange, to treat, to handle, to deal with
いそいそcheerfully, excitedly
おろおろnervous, flustered, in a dither, all shook up
ガタガタrattle, clatter
くしゃくしゃcrumpled, disheveled, dishevelled, feel gloomy
ぐいぐいdoing something forcefully and continuously (pulling hard, gulping drink)
ごっこsomething done together, game of make-believe
さえeven, if only, if just, as long as, the only thing needed
たかがit's only ... (something), at most
だらだら① pouring liquid ② prevaricating ③ long, gentle slope ④ sluggishly, endlessly
ぼうっと① doing nothing, being stupefied, flushingly, abstractedly, dazedly, blankly, dreamily ② dimly, hazily, faintly, vaguely, indistinctly ③ with a roar (e.g. flames), with a whoosh
もじもじbashfully, hesitantly, fidgety, restlessly, squirming, wriggling, haltingly
アイスクリームice cream, icecream
アクセル① accelerator ② Axel (figure skating jump), axel
カーン① kern ② Kahn
カラフルcolorful, colourful
キーワードkeyword, buzzword, catch-phrase
キュー① queue ② cue
グリーンピース① green peas ② Greenpeace
サードthird (base, baseman, gear)
サボるto be truant, to play hooky, to skip school, to skip out, to be idle, to sabotage by slowness
スキン① skin ② skin (e.g. alternative look and feel for interface of a program)
スコットランド① Scotland ② Scottish
ステッカー① sticker ② stacker
ストライクstrike (e.g. with bowling, baseball)
テール① tail ② tael (Chinese unit of mass & currency)
バージョンアップupdating a software version, version upgrade
ばたばた① flapping, rattling (sound), noisily, clattering noise ② commotion, kerfuffle
ピリオド① period, dot character ② period (era, amount of time) ③ period (sports)
ファウルfoul (sports)
ファックスfacsimile, FAX
ベタbetta (esp. the Siamese fighting fish, Betta splendens)
ホーン① horn ② phon (unit of loudness level of sound)
ポーチ① porch ② pouch
マニアックmaniac (as in rabid sport fan), enthusiast
ミサ(Catholic) mass
ミシンsewing machine
ランニング① running ② tank top
一千 【いっせん】1,000, one thousand
何時 【なんじ】what time?
見あたる 【みあたる】to be found
見分ける 【みわける】① to distinguish, to recognize, to recognise, to tell apart, to differentiate (both figuratively and visually) ② to identify (whether an object is positive or negative in some aspect), to know the difference between something of superior and inferior quality (on sight or figuratively)
行き先 【ゆきさき】① destination ② whereabouts, address
山川 【やまかわ】mountains and rivers
子女 【しじょ】child
女子大 【じょしだい】women's college, women's university
小国 【しょうこく】small country
人前 【ひとまえ】the public, company
水車 【すいしゃ】water wheel
先ず先ず 【まずまず】tolerable, passable, adequate, so-so
東北 【とうほく】① north-east ② Northern most six prefectures of Honshu
日ごろ 【ひごろ】normally, habitually
入れ 【いれ】container, receptacle
入金 【にゅうきん】deposit, payment, money received, money due
ガムchewing gum
ピントfocus point, focus
悪用 【あくよう】abuse, misuse, perversion
安楽 【あんらく】ease, comfort, carefree, cosy, cozy
医長 【いちょう】medical director, chief physician
一堂 【いちどう】one building (hall, temple, shrine, room)
引ける 【ひける】to close, to be over, to break up (e.g. school)
駅員 【えきいん】station attendant
夏場 【なつば】summertime
画する 【かくする】① to draw (a line) ② to demarcate, to mark, to divide, to map out ③ to plan
学業 【がくぎょう】studies, schoolwork, classwork
休場 【きゅうじょう】① theater closure, theatre closure, stage absence ② (sumo) wrestler's absence from the tournament
急ぎ 【いそぎ】haste, hurry, expedition, speed, dispatch
近親 【きんしん】near relative
空前 【くうぜん】unprecedented, record-breaking
空転 【くうてん】① racing (an engine), idling (an engine) ② arguing in circles with no result
元本 【がんぽん】principal (invest.), capital
古書 【こしょ】old book, rare book
古本屋 【ふるほんや】second hand bookstore (bookshop)
ご用 【ごよう】your order, your business, official business
公会堂 【こうかいどう】town hall, public hall
公私 【こうし】public and private, official and personal, government and people
公文書 【こうぶんしょ】official document, archives
行き着く 【ゆきつく】to arrive at, to end up
高台 【たかだい】elevation, high ground
今し方 【いましがた】moment ago
仕事場 【しごとば】place where one works, construction site, working area
仕入れ 【しいれ】stocking, buying up
使いこなす 【つかいこなす】to handle (men), to master (a tool), to manage, to acquire a command of (a language)
試作 【しさく】trial manufacture, experiment, test piece, prototype
借用 【しゃくよう】borrowing, loan
出足 【であし】① start, turnout ② constant forward movement (sumo)
書院 【しょいん】drawing room, study, publishing house, writing alcove
書体 【しょたい】calligraphic style, calligraphic styles, typeface
上海 【しゃんはい】Shanghai (China)
心がける 【こころがける】to keep in mind, to bear in mind, to try, to aim to do, to endeavor, to endeavour
新聞紙 【しんぶんし】newsprint, newspaper
真夏 【まなつ】midsummer
人家 【じんか】house, houses, human habitation
青空 【あおぞら】blue sky
青色 【あおいろ】blue
切らす 【きらす】to be out of, to run out of, to be short of, to be out of stock
切り口 【きりくち】cut end, section, opening, slit
前方 【ぜんぽう】forward, frontward
送電 【そうでん】electric supply
多年 【たねん】many years
体質 【たいしつ】constitution (physical), genetic make-up, predisposition (to disease)
代人 【だいにん】substitute, deputy, proxy, representative, agent
注入 【ちゅうにゅう】pouring, injection
朝夕 【あさゆう】morning and evening, from morning until night, constantly
長者 【ちょうじゃ】millionaire
転出 【てんしゅつ】moving-out
転売 【てんばい】resale
東方 【とうほう】① eastern direction ② the Orient
同族 【どうぞく】same family (race, tribe)
道楽 【どうらく】hobby, pastime, dissipation, dissipated
ひとりでにby itself, automatically, naturally
南海 【なんかい】southern sea
日立 【ひたち】Hitachi (company)
年始 【ねんし】New Year's call, beginning of the year, New Year's greetings
白黒 【しろくろ】① black and white, monochrome ② good and evil, right and wrong, guilt and innocence
不動 【ふどう】immobility, firmness, fixed, steadfastness, motionless, idle
お化け 【おばけ】goblin, apparition, monster, ghost
すすり泣く 【すすりなく】to sob
悪役 【あくやく】villain, baddie, the villain's part
暗に 【あんに】implicitly
医局 【いきょく】medical office, dispensary
一期 【いちご】one's life time, lifetime
一体化 【いったいか】unification, integration
羽毛 【うもう】feathers, plumage, down
遠ざける 【とおざける】to keep away, to keep at a distance
遠退く 【とおのく】to become distant, to recede
王さま 【おうさま】king
下校 【げこう】coming home from school, end of school day
回生 【かいせい】resurrection, resuscitation, regeneration
学内 【がくない】within the school
起草 【きそう】drafting, draughting, drawing up a bill
客船 【きゃくせん】passenger boat
泣きじゃくる 【なきじゃくる】to sob
決めつける 【きめつける】① to fix upon (one-sidedly), to (ignore somebody's position and) arbitrarily decide something is the case ② to scold, to take (a person) to task
決別 【けつべつ】separation, farewell
血友病 【けつゆうびょう】haemophilia
月例 【げつれい】monthly
県下 【けんか】prefecture
見物人 【けんぶつにん】spectator, sightseer, onlookers
交易 【こうえき】trade, commerce
光学 【こうがく】optics
光明 【こうみょう】glory, hope, bright future
高水準 【こうすいじゅん】high level
細分 【さいぶん】divide into small portions
市営 【しえい】municipal management
思い直す 【おもいなおす】to re-think, to think back upon, to change one's mind
死球 【しきゅう】hit a batter by pitching a ball (baseball)
私生活 【しせいかつ】one's private life
糸口 【いとぐち】thread end, beginning, clue
持ち合わせる 【もちあわせる】to happen to have on hand or in stock
自営 【じえい】independent, self-employed, self-supporting, operating own business
取り外す 【とりはずす】to dismantle, to demount, to take something away, to detach
取り合う 【とりあう】① to take each other's hands, to clasp (hands) ② to compete, to scramble for ③ to pay attention (to someone), to respond
酒屋 【さかや】① liquor store, wine shop, bottle shop ② sake dealer, liquor-store owner, brewer
すべway, method, means
消火 【しょうか】fire fighting, extinguishing a fire
乗り上げる 【のりあげる】to run aground, to be stranded
乗馬 【じょうば】① horse riding ② riding horse, saddle horse
場内 【じょうない】on the grounds
常用 【じょうよう】habitual use, daily use
星空 【ほしぞら】starry sky
正反対 【せいはんたい】bipolar, polar, polarity, exactly opposite
生き返る 【いきかえる】to revive, to come to oneself, to be restored to life
赤面 【せきめん】① blushing, getting red in the face ② embarassment
先決 【せんけつ】previous decision, predetermination, deciding in advance, first priority
先導 【せんどう】guidance, leadership
船首 【せんしゅ】bow (of boat), prow, stem
選曲 【せんきょく】① chosen song, choosing a song ② to choose a song
前記 【ぜんき】aforesaid, above-mentioned, said, above
全社 【ぜんしゃ】whole company
相手方 【あいてがた】other (opposite) party
足取り 【あしどり】① gait, manner of walking (swimming) ② trace (e.g. of route taken by hunted criminal)
速記 【そっき】shorthand, stenography
村人 【むらびと】villager
他者 【たしゃ】another person, others
多勢 【たぜい】great numbers, numerical superiority
多量 【たりょう】large quantity
太もも 【ふともも】thigh
対向 【たいこう】counter-, corresponding, face, opposite
大勝 【たいしょう】great victory, crushing victory
断じて 【だんじて】absolutely, positively, decidedly
断ち切る 【たちきる】① to cut apart (cloth, paper, etc.) ② to sever (ties), to break off (a relationship) ③ to cut off (an enemy's retreat), to block (a road, etc.), to disconnect
断食 【だんじき】fasting
直し 【なおし】① correction, rectification ② mending, repair
追いやる 【おいやる】① to drive away, to order off, to chase away ② to force into an unpleasant situation (bankruptcy, prostitution, suicide, etc.)
通行人 【つうこうにん】passerby, pedestrian, foot passenger
通例 【つうれい】usually, customarily
低速 【ていそく】low gear, slow speed
低調 【ていちょう】inactive, slow, sluggish, slack, low tone, undertone, dullness, (market) weakness
的中 【てきちゅう】strike home, hit the mark, become realized, become realised
伝導 【でんどう】conduction, transmission
電光 【でんこう】lightning
土石 【どせき】earth and stones
当たり 【あたり】hit, success, reaching the mark, per ..., vicinity, neighborhood, neighbourhood
当期 【とうき】current term (period)
当面 【とうめん】① current, urgent, pressing, impending ② to confront (an issue), to face (up to something) ③ for the meantime, at present
同乗 【どうじょう】riding together, riding with
読み取る 【よみとる】① to read (someone's) mind, to read between the lines ② to read (a calibration, a tape, etc.), to read (out)
内申 【ないしん】unofficial report, confidential report
内定 【ないてい】unofficial offer, tentative decision
内面 【ないめん】inside, interior
南部 【なんぶ】southern part
入港 【にゅうこう】entry into port
年次 【ねんじ】① annual ② fiscal year, school year ③ year (in some sequence)
年数 【ねんすう】number of years
年配 【ねんぱい】elderly, age, years
農園 【のうえん】plantation
配線 【はいせん】wiring
買取 【かいとり】purchase, sale (transaction)
発光 【はっこう】luminescence, radiation
半額 【はんがく】half, half amount, half fare
飛び交う 【とびかう】to fly about, to flutter about, to flit about, to fly past each other
美学 【びがく】esthetics, aesthetics
表向き 【おもてむき】outward appearance, ostensible, public, official
不死身 【ふじみ】invulnerability, immortality, insensibility to pain
一段落 【いちだんらく】completing the first stage, reaching a point where one can pause
引責 【いんせき】taking responsibility
延命 【えんめい】① long life, longevity ② macrobiotics
奥歯 【おくば】molars, back teeth
押し掛ける 【おしかける】to intrude on
圧す 【おす】① to push, to press ② to apply pressure from above, to press down ③ to stamp (i.e. a passport), to apply a seal
温床 【おんしょう】hotbed, breeding ground
家政 【かせい】household economy
果てしない 【はてしない】endless, boundless, everlasting
花束 【はなたば】bunch of flowers, bouquet
過信 【かしん】trusting too much, overestimating ability
過大 【かだい】excessive, too much, unreasonable
介在 【かいざい】mediation, interposition, intervention
改新 【かいしん】reformation
海難 【かいなん】shipwreck
確約 【かくやく】firm promise, definite promise
割り切る 【わりきる】① to find a clear solution, to come to a clean decision, to give a clear explanation ② to divide
換金 【かんきん】realize, realise, turn into money
寄席 【よせ】musical hall, vaudeville
機首 【きしゅ】nose (of plane)
希少 【きしょう】scarce, rare
規程 【きてい】official regulations, inner rules
吸い取る 【すいとる】to suck up, to absorb, to squeeze (money)
泣き叫ぶ 【なきさけぶ】to cry and shout, to scream
共著 【きょうちょ】collaboration, co-authorship
曲折 【きょくせつ】windings, meanderings, complications
禁固 【きんこ】imprisonment, confinement
空き缶 【あきかん】empty can
空輸 【くうゆ】air transport
軍医 【ぐんい】military physician or surgeon
形跡 【けいせき】traces, evidence
劇作 【げきさく】play writing
欠片 【かけら】fragment, broken pieces, splinter
月収 【げっしゅう】monthly income
見越す 【みこす】to anticipate, to foresee
賢人 【けんじん】wise man
元祖 【がんそ】originator, founder, pioneer, inventor
呼び寄せる 【よびよせる】to call, to summon, to send for, to call together
互角 【ごかく】equality, evenness, par, good match
御飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
交信 【こうしん】telecommunications, correspondence
公民館 【こうみんかん】public hall, community center, community centre
厚み 【あつみ】thickness, profound
口論 【こうろん】dispute, quarrel
好色 【こうしょく】lust, sensuality, lewdness
工務 【こうむ】engineering, engineering works
更生 【こうせい】rehabilitation, regeneration, rebirth, resuscitation, reorganization, reorganisation
構文 【こうぶん】syntax, sentence structure
硬直 【こうちょく】stiffening, rigidity, rigor, stiffness, ossification, petrification
高官 【こうかん】high official
高性能 【こうせいのう】high efficiency, high fidelity, high power
最前線 【さいぜんせん】foremost line
歳月 【さいげつ】time, years
材質 【ざいしつ】material properties, lumber quality
財宝 【ざいほう】treasure
冊子 【さっし】book, booklet, story book, pamphlet, notebook
三枚 【さんまい】① three flat objects (e.g. tickets, pieces of cloth, etc.) ② filleting (a fish)
散布 【さんぷ】dissemination, scattering, sprinkling, spraying
史家 【しか】historian
史料 【しりょう】historical records, archives
指し示す 【さししめす】to indicate, to show, to point to
持ち掛ける 【もちかける】to offer a suggestion, to propose an idea
次席 【じせき】associate, junior, assistant, runner-up
失跡 【しっせき】absconding, disappearance
失速 【しっそく】stall (in flying)
主査 【しゅさ】chief examiner or investigator
主治医 【しゅじい】attending physician, physician in charge, (one's) family doctor
取り掛かる 【とりかかる】to begin, to set about, to start
取り乱す 【とりみだす】to scatter about, to be distracted
手渡す 【てわたす】to hand over, to surrender
手抜き 【てぬき】① omitting crucial steps, cutting corners, skimping ② intentional negligence
受精卵 【じゅせいらん】fertilized eggs, fertilised eggs
授かる 【さずかる】① to be awarded (e.g. a prize), to be given an award, to receive (e.g. a title) ② to be gifted or endowed (e.g. with a talent) ③ to be blessed (e.g. with a child) ④ to be initiated (e.g. into a secret)
重圧 【じゅうあつ】pressure
出遅れる 【でおくれる】to get a late start
初出 【しょしゅつ】first appearance
初場所 【はつばしょ】New Year's (January) sumo tournament, held in Tokyo
初心者 【しょしんしゃ】beginner
初対面 【しょたいめん】first meeting, first interview with
床下 【ゆかした】under the floor
消え失せる 【きえうせる】to disappear, to get out of sight, to die, (in imperative) to fuck off
省令 【しょうれい】ministerial ordinance
上段 【じょうだん】dais, raised part of floor, place of honor, place of honour, upper tier (row, step, grade, column of print, berth)
食い違い 【くいちがい】discrepancy, different or conflicting opinions
寝かす 【ねかす】to put to sleep, to lay (something) on its side
新制 【しんせい】new system
震度 【しんど】Japanese earthquake scale (level 1: weak to level 7: devastation)
人妻 【ひとづま】① married woman ② another's wife
性 【さが】① one's nature, one's destiny ② custom, tradition, habit
正則 【せいそく】correct, proper, formal, regular, systematic, normal
生まれ変わる 【うまれかわる】to be born again, to make a fresh start in life
精子 【せいし】sperm
西武 【せいぶ】Seibu (conglomerate: stores, railway, etc.), Western military
税法 【ぜいほう】taxation law
積雪 【せきせつ】fallen snow
接着 【せっちゃく】fastening with glue
設問 【せつもん】① posing a question ② question
絶大 【ぜつだい】tremendous, immense
占有 【せんゆう】exclusive possession, occupation, monopolization
戦く 【おののく】to shake, to shudder
戦国 【せんごく】belligerent country, country in civil war, warring states
総体 【そうたい】the whole, originally
総領事 【そうりょうじ】consul general
送信 【そうしん】transmission, sending
蔵書 【ぞうしょ】book collection, library
続出 【ぞくしゅつ】appearance one after another
存分 【ぞんぶん】to one's heart's content, as much as one wants
多種 【たしゅ】many kinds, various
打ち破る 【うちやぶる】to break, to smash, to defeat, to destroy, to eliminate
対戦 【たいせん】waging war, competition
貸し付け 【かしつけ】loan
台座 【だいざ】pedestal
大仏 【だいぶつ】large statue of Buddha
断層 【だんそう】dislocation
段取り 【だんどり】programme, program, plans, arrangements
地層 【ちそう】stratum, geological formation, layer, bed (coal, gravel, etc.)
地蔵 【じぞう】Ksitigarbha (bodhisattva who looks over children, travellers and the underworld) (travelers)
著述 【ちょじゅつ】writing, literary work
調達 【ちょうたつ】supply, provision, raising
値下がり 【ねさがり】price decline, a fall in price
低利 【ていり】low interest
適格 【てきかく】eligible, qualified, competent
転機 【てんき】turning point
点灯 【てんとう】lighting (a lamp), turning on a light
殿下 【でんか】your Highness, his (or her) Highness
電話機 【でんわき】telephone instrument
塗り替える 【ぬりかえる】to repaint
塗料 【とりょう】paints, painting material
途方 【とほう】way, destination, reason
怒る 【いかる】① to get angry, to get mad ② to tell someone off, to scold ③ to be angular, to be square
怒鳴りつける 【どなりつける】to shout at
党員 【とういん】party member
投げ掛ける 【なげかける】to throw at, to turn, to raise
到来 【とうらい】arrival
頭髪 【とうはつ】hair (of head)
同窓 【どうそう】the same school
得意気 【とくいげ】proud, elated
毒性 【どくせい】toxicity, toxic, virulence, virulent
突き止める 【つきとめる】to make sure, to locate, to find out, to ascertain
突き破る 【つきやぶる】to break through, to penetrate, to pierce
届出 【とどけで】report, notification
内政 【ないせい】municipal, internal administration, domestic affairs
難解 【なんかい】difficult to understand, unintelligible, abstruse
難航 【なんこう】① difficult voyage, hard flight ② rough going, rough passage, running into trouble, stormy passage
年初 【ねんしょ】beginning of the year, New Year's greetings
念入り 【ねんいり】careful, scrupulous, thorough, conscientious
農夫 【のうふ】peasant
敗走 【はいそう】take flight, take to one's heels
売り込む 【うりこむ】to build a market for, to become well-known, to sell
薄れる 【うすれる】to fade, to become dim
発効 【はっこう】coming into effect
発散 【はっさん】letting feelings out, emitting, emanating, divergence (physics)
非合法 【ひごうほう】illegal, unlawful
必着 【ひっちゃく】must arrive, must be received
お盆 【おぼん】O-Bon, Bon Festival, Lantern Festival, Festival of the Dead
すれすれon the verge of, very close to, just in time, on the margin
悪徳 【あくとく】vice, immorality, corruption
暗礁 【あんしょう】reef, sunken rock
威信 【いしん】dignity
異物 【いぶつ】foreign substance, foreign body, xeno
遺書 【いしょ】will, testament, testamentary letter
一幕 【ひとまく】one act
宇宙船 【うちゅうせん】space ship
炎症 【えんしょう】inflammation, irritation
応酬 【おうしゅう】① exchange, reciprocation, give-and-take, return ② reply, riposte
押し黙る 【おしだまる】to keep silent
王冠 【おうかん】① crown, diadem ② bottle cap
華麗 【かれい】splendor, splendour, magnificence
画策 【かくさく】plan, scheme, program formulation, programme formulation, maneuver, manoeuvre
会計士 【かいけいし】(certified public) accountant
快挙 【かいきょ】brilliant achievement
怪しげ 【あやしげ】questionable, doubtful, suspicious
いるかdolphin (or other small toothed whales, such as porpoises, belugas, etc.)
外傷 【がいしょう】external wound, (physical) trauma
垣間見る 【かいまみる】to take a peep at, to catch a glimpse of
核弾頭 【かくだんとう】nuclear warhead
確証 【かくしょう】positive proof
滑り込む 【すべりこむ】to slide into (base), to slip into (ditch)
滑降 【かっこう】descent (in skiing)
感銘 【かんめい】deep impression
眼光 【がんこう】glint in eye, discernment
企図 【きと】plan, project, scheme
寄り添う 【よりそう】to get close, to cuddle close together, to nestle close to, to snuggle up to
軌跡 【きせき】① locus ② wagon tracks
義弟 【ぎてい】younger brother-in-law
逆襲 【ぎゃくしゅう】counterattack
弓道 【きゅうどう】(Japanese) archery
漁獲 【ぎょかく】fishing, catch, haul
狂人 【きょうじん】lunatic, madman
狂暴 【きょうぼう】rage, frenzy
驚嘆 【きょうたん】wonder, admiration
句集 【くしゅう】collection of haiku poems
屈託 【くったく】① worry, care, concern ② ennui, boredom
恵比寿 【えびす】Ebisu (god of fishing and commerce)
ほたるfirefly (Luciola cruciata), lightning bug, glowworm
警視 【けいし】police superintendent, metropolitan police
穴埋め 【あなうめ】filling in gaps, filling in blanks (in a form, etc.)
結う 【ゆう】to do up (hair), to braid, to fasten, to fix
結集 【けっしゅう】concentration, regimentation
結党 【けっとう】formation of a party
剣士 【けんし】swordsman, swordswoman, fencer
検閲 【けんえつ】① censorship, inspection, examination ② to censor, to inspect (in order to censor), to review (in order to censor)
原子核 【げんしかく】nucleus (atomic)
減免 【げんめん】reduction and exemption (e.g. taxes), mitigation and remission (e.g. in criminal law)
玄米 【げんまい】unpolished rice, unmilled rice, brown rice
呼応 【こおう】① hailing each other ② acting in concert ③ agreement, concord
故意 【こい】① intention, purpose, bad faith ② mens rea (guilty mind)
湖畔 【こはん】lake shore
誇示 【こじ】ostentation, display
語尾 【ごび】(inflected) end of a word
抗体 【こうたい】antibody
控え目 【ひかえめ】moderate, reserved, conservative, humble, mild-mannered, self-effacing, unassuming, well-behaved, low-key, temperate, in small quantities
綱引き 【つなひき】① tug of war ② forward puller (of a rickshaw)
考案 【こうあん】plan, device, idea, invention
高揚 【こうよう】enhancement, exaltation, promotion, uplift
豪快 【ごうかい】hearty, exciting, stirring, lively, heroic, largehearted, splendid
今宵 【こよい】this evening, tonight
彩る 【いろどる】to colour, to color, to paint, to make up
削ぐ 【そぐ】① to chip, to slice off, to sharpen ② to thin down, to reduce, to weaken
搾取 【さくしゅ】exploitation, squeezing, sweating
惨事 【さんじ】disaster, horrible accident
残忍 【ざんにん】cruelty, atrocity, brutality
子宮 【しきゅう】womb, uterus
視力 【しりょく】eyesight
試案 【しあん】tentative
慈善 【じぜん】charity, philanthropy
自閉症 【じへいしょう】① autism ② autistic
漆 【うるし】① lacquer, varnish, japan ② lacquer tree (Toxicodendron vernicifluum)
偲ぶ 【しのぶ】to recollect, to remember
尺度 【しゃくど】linear measure, scale
殊勲 【しゅくん】meritorious deeds
首尾 【しゅび】issue, course of events, beginning and end
授与 【じゅよ】award, conferment
宗派 【しゅうは】sect, denomination
就学 【しゅうがく】entering school, school attendance
従える 【したがえる】① to be accompanied by ② to subdue
従者 【じゅうしゃ】follower, attendant, valet, servant
獣医 【じゅうい】veterinarian
縦断 【じゅうだん】flying through, cutting across, longitudinal slice
重症 【じゅうしょう】serious illness
宿舎 【しゅくしゃ】lodging house
出塁 【しゅつるい】on base (baseball)
瞬く 【またたく】① to twinkle (e.g. stars), to flicker, to waver ② to blink (one's eyes), to wink
小惑星 【しょうわくせい】asteroid
衝撃波 【しょうげきは】shock wave
浄水 【じょうすい】clean water
醸成 【じょうせい】brew, foment, breed
植樹 【しょくじゅ】tree-planting
色素 【しきそ】pigment, coloring, colouring
信条 【しんじょう】creed, belief, article of faith
振り込む 【ふりこむ】to make a payment via bank deposit transfer
人垣 【ひとがき】crowd of people
甚大 【じんだい】very great, enormous, serious
図柄 【ずがら】design, pattern
推挙 【すいきょ】recommendation
推察 【すいさつ】guess, conjecture, surmise
水没 【すいぼつ】submerge
衰弱 【すいじゃく】weakness, debility, breakdown, prostration
酔っ払う 【よっぱらう】to get drunk
据え置く 【すえおく】to leave as it is, to defer
盛況 【せいきょう】success, prosperity
聖域 【せいいき】sacred precincts, sanctuary, consecrated ground
請け負う 【うけおう】to contract, to undertake
石碑 【せきひ】stone monument
雪辱 【せつじょく】vindication of honour, vindication of honor, making up for loss, revenge
絶縁 【ぜつえん】① breaking off relations, disconnection ② insulation (esp. electrical), isolation
宣誓 【せんせい】oath, abjuration, pledge
川端 【かわばた】riverbank
川柳 【せんりゅう】comic haiku
洗浄 【せんじょう】washing, cleaning, laundering
染色 【せんしょく】staining, stain, dyeing
銭 【せん】① hundredth of a yen ② coin made of non-precious materials
素顔 【すがお】① face with no make-up, unpainted face ② honesty, frankness
素手 【すで】unarmed, bare hands
素性 【すじょう】birth, lineage, parentage, origin, identity, background, history
双眼鏡 【そうがんきょう】binoculars, field glasses
争奪 【そうだつ】struggle, contest
総督 【そうとく】governor-general, governor, viceroy
ざわめくto be noisy, to be astir, to rustle, to murmur
即興 【そっきょう】improvisation, improvization, impromptu, off the cuff, without a score
即死 【そくし】instant death
即時 【そくじ】prompt, immediate, in real time
即答 【そくとう】immediate reply
退陣 【たいじん】retreat, withdrawal, retirement
代償 【だいしょう】compensation, indemnification, reparation, consideration
大嫌い 【だいきらい】very dislikeable, hate, loathe, abhor
大志 【たいし】ambition, aspiration
大豆 【だいず】soya bean (soybean), soy (Glycine max)
奪い取る 【うばいとる】to plunder
奪回 【だっかい】recovery, rescue, recapture
奪取 【だっしゅ】usurpation, taking back, dispossession
丹念 【たんねん】assiduity, diligence, application
淡い 【あわい】light, faint, pale, fleeting
短距離 【たんきょり】short distance, short range, short-haul
端末 【たんまつ】computer terminal
弾頭 【だんとう】warhead
弾薬 【だんやく】ammunition
断末魔 【だんまつま】death agony
致命傷 【ちめいしょう】fatal wound
中級 【ちゅうきゅう】intermediate level
中継ぎ 【なかつぎ】intermediary, agency, brokerage, (electric) relay
帳簿 【ちょうぼ】account book, register
張り出す 【はりだす】① to project, to overhang, to stick out, to jut out, to overlie ② to put up (a notice), to post
張り上げる 【はりあげる】to raise (one's voice)
朝鮮民主主義人民共和国 【ちょうせんみんしゅしゅぎじんみんきょうわこく】Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea), DPRK
直系 【ちょっけい】direct descent, direct line
直訳 【ちょくやく】literal translation, direct translation
鎮圧 【ちんあつ】suppression, subjugation
鎮静 【ちんせい】calm, quiet, tranquility, tranquillity, appeasement, pacification
抵当 【ていとう】mortgage, security, hypothec, pledge
締め括る 【しめくくる】to bind firmly, to superintend, to bring to a finish
泥沼 【どろぬま】bog, marsh
摘発 【てきはつ】exposing, unmasking, laying bare
鉄筋 【てっきん】rebar, (concrete) iron reinforcing bar
電器 【でんき】electric (goods)
唐突 【とうとつ】abrupt, sudden
盗聴 【とうちょう】interception (email), wiretap, bug
統括 【とうかつ】① unification, bringing together, generalization ② control, supervision
豆腐 【とうふ】tofu, bean-curd
透かす 【すかす】① to look through ② to hold up to the light ③ to make an opening, to leave space, to space (lines), to prune (trees) ④ to fart without making a sound
動態 【どうたい】movement, vital (statistics)
洞察 【どうさつ】discernment, insight
特異 【とくい】unique, singular
独奏 【どくそう】a solo
凪ぐ 【なぐ】to become calm, to die down
粘土 【ねんど】clay
納品 【のうひん】delivery of goods
納付 【のうふ】payment, supply
覇権 【はけん】hegemony
破滅 【はめつ】ruin, destruction, fall
廃絶 【はいぜつ】extinction, abolition
縛りつける 【しばりつける】to tie
発狂 【はっきょう】madness, craziness, insanity
発酵 【はっこう】fermentation, zymosis
発端 【ほったん】origin, genesis, opening, start, beginning
鳩 【はと】pigeon, dove
あいつhe, she, that guy
較べる 【くらべる】① to compare, to make a comparison ② to compete, to vie
微生物 【びせいぶつ】microbe, germ
標的 【ひょうてき】target
評 【ひょう】criticism, commentary, a council
評議 【ひょうぎ】conference, discussion
禿び 【ちび】① small child, pipsqueak, small fry, small, cute versions of manga, anime, etc. characters, typically with oversized heads ② short person, midget, dwarf ③ small animal, runt ④ worn down (pencil, etc.)
阿弥陀 【あみだ】Amitabha
愛嬌 【あいきょう】love and respect, charm, attractiveness, courtesy
あぶhorsefly, gadfly
押し潰す 【おしつぶす】to squash, to crush, to flatten
あう① to meet, to encounter ② to have an accident, to have a bad experience
咳嗽 【がいそう】coughing
噛み付く 【かみつく】to bite (at), to snap at, to snarl at
関脇 【せきわけ】sumo wrestler of the third highest rank
氣儘 【きまま】willful, wilful, selfish, selfishness, one's own way
鍬 【くわ】hoe
嫂 【あによめ】elder brother's wife, sister-in-law
鍵盤 【けんばん】keyboard (e.g. piano, computer)
巷 【ちまた】① the public ② street, district, quarters ③ location (of a battle, etc.) ④ divide (e.g. between life and death) ⑤ (orig. meaning) fork (in a road), crossroads
合祀 【ごうし】enshrining together
麹 【こうじ】mould grown on rice, etc. as a starter to make sake (mold)
混沌 【こんとん】① confusion, chaos, disorder ② chaotic, confused, uncertain, disarrayed
斬新 【ざんしん】novel, original, newness
腎臓 【じんぞう】kidney
先鋒 【せんぽう】advance guard
相槌 【あいづち】sounds given during a conversation to indicate comprehension, back-channeling
叩き込む 【たたきこむ】to drive into, to throw into, to hit into
叩き付ける 【たたきつける】to strike, to throw, to slap something onto
狸 【たぬき】① raccoon dog, tanuki (Nyctereutes procyonoides) ② craftiness, sly person, someone who makes evil plans without ever breaking their poker face
断崖 【だんがい】palisade, cliff
篁 【たかむら】bamboo grove
鍔 【つば】① guard on sword, polearms, etc., flange ② brim, visor (e.g. of a hat)
鼎 【かなえ】three-legged kettle
轍 【わだち】rut, wheel track, furrow
憧憬 【しょうけい】longing, aspiration
汎用 【はんよう】generic, general purpose, all-purpose
琵琶 【びわ】biwa (Japanese lute)
標榜 【ひょうぼう】advocate, champion cause
壜 【びん】bottle