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NHK World Easy Japanese

From the podcast at www.nhk.or.jp/lesson/english. The complete course, but mostly just those terms that arent in every other introductory text.


281 entriesCreated by #52482 — Last modified: 2015-07-26 12:26:55
から① from (e.g. time, place, numerical quantity), since ② from (originator) ③ because ④ out of (constituent, part) ⑤ through (e.g. window, vestibule) ⑥ after, since (following te-form verb)
もしもし① hello (e.g. on phone) ② excuse me! (when calling out to someone)
トイレtoilet, restroom, bathroom, lavatory
どうぞ① please, kindly ② by all means
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
電話 【でんわ】telephone
読む 【よむ】to read
日本語 【にほんご】Japanese (language)
入れる 【いれる】① to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.) ② to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire ③ to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to ④ to include ⑤ to pay (one's rent, etc.) ⑥ to cast (a vote) ⑦ to make (tea, coffee, etc.) ⑧ to turn on (a switch, etc.) ⑨ to send (a fax), to call
毎日 【まいにち】every day
何 【なん】① what ② how many (some counter)
二十日 【はつか】① twentieth (day of the month) ② twenty days
分かる 【わかる】① to be understood, to be comprehended, to be grasped ② to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
起きる 【おきる】① to get up, to rise ② to wake up ③ to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents), to happen, to take place
教室 【きょうしつ】classroom
広い 【ひろい】spacious, vast, wide
使う 【つかう】① to use (a thing, method, etc.), to make use of, to put to use ② to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.), to employ, to handle, to manage, to manipulate ③ to use (time, money, etc.), to spend, to consume ④ to use (language), to speak ⑤ to take (one's lunch), to circulate (bad money)
私 【わたし】① I, me ② private affairs, personal matter, secrecy ③ selfishness
図書館 【としょかん】library
待つ 【まつ】① to wait ② to await, to look forward to, to anticipate ③ (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
着く 【つく】① to arrive at, to reach ② to sit on, to sit at (e.g. the table)
度 【ど】① degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.) ② counter for occurrences and times ③ strength (of alcohol)
勉強 【べんきょう】① study ② diligence ③ discount, reduction
有名 【ゆうめい】① famous ② fame
料理 【りょうり】① cooking, cookery, cuisine ② dealing with something, handling, administration, management
歌う 【うたう】① to sing ② to sing (one's praises in a poem, etc.)
易しい 【やさしい】easy, plain, simple
階 【かい】① stories, storeys ② counter for storeys and floors of a building
次 【つぎ】① next, following, subsequent ② stage, station
消す 【けす】① to erase, to delete, to cross out ② to turn off power ③ to extinguish, to put out
全部 【ぜんぶ】all, entire, whole, altogether
部屋 【へや】① room ② sumo stable
留学生 【りゅうがくせい】overseas student, exchange student
皆 【みんな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
皆さん 【みなさん】all, everyone, everybody
階段 【かいだん】stairs, stairway, staircase
覚える 【おぼえる】① to remember, to recollect, to memorize, to memorise ② to feel
机 【つくえ】desk
狭い 【せまい】narrow, confined, small
結婚 【けっこん】marriage
今晩は 【こんばんは】good evening
初めに 【はじめに】to begin with (used as an introduction), first of all, in the beginning
辞書 【じしょ】dictionary, lexicon
掃除 【そうじ】cleaning, sweeping
遅い 【おそい】① slow ② late (e.g. "late at night") ③ too late
郵便局 【ゆうびんきょく】post office
欲しい 【ほしい】① wanted, wished for, in need of, desired ② (after the -te form of a verb) I want (you) to
居る 【いる】① to be (of animate objects), to exist ② to stay ③ (after the -te form of a verb) verb indicating continuing action or state (i.e. to be ..ing, to have been ..ing)
良く 【よく】① nicely, properly, well, skillfully ② frequently, often
嫌い 【きらい】① dislike, hate ② suspicion, tendency, smack (of)
撮る 【とる】to take (a photo), to make (a film)
大丈夫 【だいじょうぶ】safe, all right, OK, okay
あそこ① there (place physically distant from both speaker and listener), over there, that place, yonder ② that far (something psychologically distant from both speaker and listener), that much, that point
こちら① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
それ① that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it ② that time, then
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
くれるto give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
ここ① here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place ② these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker) ③ these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...
きれい① pretty, lovely, beautiful, fair ② clean, clear, pure, tidy, neat ③ completely, entirely
もう一度 【もういちど】once more, again
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
かな① I wonder (sentence ending prt) ② should I? (question prt when thinking out loud), is it? ③ I wish that (with a negative), I hope that
でしょう① seems, I think, I guess, I wonder, I hope ② don't you agree?, I thought you'd say that!
上がる 【あがる】① to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised ② to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in ③ to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade ④ to get out (of water), to come ashore ⑤ to increase ⑥ to improve, to make progress ⑦ to be promoted, to advance ⑧ to be made (of profit, etc.) ⑨ to occur (esp. of a favourable result) ⑩ to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.) ⑪ to be finished, to be done, to be over ⑫ (of rain) to stop, to lift ⑬ to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die ⑭ to win (in a card game, etc.) ⑮ to be arrested ⑯ to turn up (of evidence, etc.) ⑰ to be deep fried ⑱ to be spoken loudly ⑲ to get stage fright ⑳ to be offered (to the gods, etc.) ○ to go, to visit ○ to eat, to drink ○ to be listed (as a candidate) ○ to serve (in one's master's home) ○ (in Kyoto) to go north ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) indicates completion
この間 【このあいだ】① the other day, lately, recently, during this period ② meanwhile, in the meantime
開く 【ひらく】① to open (e.g. a bank-account, festival, etc.) ② to spread out, to open up (flower bud, umbrella, etc.), to widen (gap, distance, width) ③ to hold, to give (party, conference, etc.)
間に合う 【まにあう】① to be in time for ② to serve (suit, meet) the purpose, to be good enough, to be enough
気 【き】① spirit, mind, heart ② nature, disposition ③ motivation, intention ④ mood, feelings ⑤ atmosphere, essence
急ぐ 【いそぐ】to hurry, to rush, to hasten, to make something happen sooner
今度 【こんど】now, this time, next time, another time
試験 【しけん】examination, test, study, trial, experiment
小説 【しょうせつ】novel, (short) story
特に 【とくに】particularly, especially
別 【べつ】distinction, difference, different, another, particular, separate, extra, exception
売り場 【うりば】place where things are sold, point of sale, POS, sales floor, counter (in shop)
苦い 【にがい】bitter
形 【かたち】① form, shape, figure ② visage
焼ける 【やける】① to burn, to be roasted, to be heated, to be sunburnt, to fade (in the sun), to glow red (i.e. of the sky at sunset) ② to be jealous, to be envious
心配 【しんぱい】① worry, concern, anxiety ② care, help, aid, assistance
生活 【せいかつ】living, life (one's daily existence), livelihood
点 【てん】① spot, mark ② point, dot ③ mark (e.g. in exam), score, points ④ counter for goods or items
お土産 【おみやげ】present, souvenir
慣れる 【なれる】① to grow accustomed to, to get too familiar with ② to become domesticated, to become tame
間違える 【まちがえる】① to make a mistake (in), to commit an error (e.g. in calculation) ② to confuse, to mistake something for something else
最後 【さいご】① last, end, conclusion ② (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga") no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences)
市民 【しみん】citizen, townspeople
捨てる 【すてる】to throw away, to cast aside, to abandon, to resign, to break up with (someone)
戦争 【せんそう】war
地震 【じしん】earthquake
熱 【ねつ】fever, temperature
布団 【ふとん】① futon (quilted Japanese-style mattress laid out on the floor) ② round cushion used for Zen meditation (traditionally made of woven bulrush leaves)
約束 【やくそく】① arrangement, promise, appointment, pact, engagement ② convention, rule
歴史 【れきし】history
連絡 【れんらく】① to contact, to get in touch ② contacting, getting in touch, communication, call, message ③ connection, coordination, junction ④ intercalary, intercalaris, internuncial
遅れる 【おくれる】to be late, to be delayed, to fall behind schedule, to be overdue
増える 【ふえる】to increase, to multiply
柔らかい 【やわらかい】soft, tender, limp
頑張る 【がんばる】to persist, to insist on, to stand firm, to try one's best
嬉しい 【うれしい】happy, glad, pleasant
趣味 【しゅみ】hobby, tastes, preference
是非 【ぜひ】① certainly, without fail ② right and wrong, pros and cons
駄目 【だめ】useless, no good, hopeless
濡れる 【ぬれる】to get wet
漫画 【まんが】comic, cartoon
寂しい 【さびしい】lonely, lonesome, solitary, desolate
ご覧になる 【ごらんになる】① to see, to look, to watch ② (after the -te form of a verb) try to
それほどto that degree, extent
ように① in order to (e.g. meet goal), so that, take care (so as) ② hoping or wishing for something
すごい① terrible, dreadful ② amazing (e.g. of strength), great (e.g. of skills), wonderful, terrific ③ to a great extent, vast (in numbers)
もらう① to receive, to take, to accept ② to get somebody to do something (follows a verb in "te" form)
さっぱり① feeling refreshed, feeling relieved ② neat, trimmed ③ plain, simple ④ completely, entirely ⑤ not in the least (in sentence with negative verb), not at all ⑥ completely ignorant, not doing at all
ぶつぶつ① grunt, grumble, complaint, mutter ② pimples, spots, eruption, rash ③ cutting into small pieces ④ simmering
まあyou might say, Oh!, Wow!, Well!
今日は 【こんにちは】hello, good day (daytime greeting)
人気 【にんき】popularity, popular feeling, business conditions
読書 【どくしょ】reading
ただ今 【ただいま】① Here I am, I'm home! ② presently, right away, right now, just now
体重 【たいじゅう】body weight (usu. one's own)
計る 【はかる】① to measure, to weigh, to survey, to time (sound, gauge, estimate) ② to conjecture, to infer, to surmise
ところで① by the way, incidentally ② even if, no matter (who, what, when, where, why, how)
助ける 【たすける】to help, to save, to rescue, to give relief to, to spare (life), to reinforce, to promote, to abet
身長 【しんちょう】height (of body), stature
全員 【ぜんいん】all members (unanimity), all hands, the whole crew, everyone, everybody
部分 【ぶぶん】portion, section, part
迷う 【まよう】① to lose one's way ② to waver, to hesitate, to be of two minds over, to be puzzled, to be perplexed ③ to give into temptation, to lose control of oneself ④ to turn in one's grave
毎月 【まいつき】every month, each month, monthly
幸せ 【しあわせ】happiness, good fortune, luck, blessing
教師 【きょうし】teacher (classroom)
象 【ぞう】elephant
城 【しろ】castle
袋 【ふくろ】① bag, sack ② skin of an orange (and other like fruits) ③ dead end ④ plot of land surrounded by water
遅刻 【ちこく】lateness, late coming
得意 【とくい】① triumph, prosperity ② pride ③ one's strong point, one's forte, one's specialty ④ frequent customer (client, etc.)
破る 【やぶる】to tear, to violate, to defeat, to smash, to destroy, to break (e.g. password)
粉 【こな】flour, meal, powder
香り 【かおり】aroma, fragrance, scent, smell
教授 【きょうじゅ】① professor ② teaching, instruction
資源 【しげん】resources
詳しい 【くわしい】knowing very well, detailed, full, accurate
いとこmale cousin
すぐ① immediately, at once, directly ② soon, before long, shortly ③ easily, without difficulty ④ right (near), nearby, just (handy)
痺れる 【しびれる】to become numb, to go to sleep (e.g. a limb)
うろうろloiteringly, aimless wandering
こちらこそit is I who should say so
すっきり① clearly, refreshed ② shapely, neatly, refinedly ③ cleanly, without trouble ④ clearly, plainly, distinctly ⑤ completely, thoroughly ⑥ not at all (with negative sentence), not even slightly
のろのろslowly, sluggishly
ぴかぴかglitter, sparkle
お世話になる 【おせわになる】to receive favor (favour), to be much obliged to someone, to be indebted, to be grateful
使い 【つかい】errand, message, messenger, bearer, use, usage, trainer, tamer, mission, familiar spirit, going as envoy
集まる 【あつまる】to gather, to collect, to assemble
別々 【べつべつ】separately, individually
曲 【きょく】tune, piece of music
当番 【とうばん】being on duty
風船 【ふうせん】balloon (esp. small, toy variety)
落ち着く 【おちつく】to calm down, to settle down, to be steady, to settle in, to take up one's residence, to harmonize with, to harmonise with, to match, to restore presence of mind
初めまして 【はじめまして】How do you do?, I am glad to meet you
どう致しまして 【どういたしまして】you are welcome, don't mention it, not at all, my pleasure
ご免なさい 【ごめんなさい】I beg your pardon, excuse me
寮 【りょう】hostel, dormitory
畏まりました 【かしこまりました】certainly!
咳 【せき】cough, coughing, tussis
さすが① as one would expect ② still, all the same ③ even... (e.g. "even a genius...")
あっさりeasily, readily, quickly
がっくりheartbroken, crestfallen
じっくりdeliberately, carefully
ふらふらunsteady on one's feet, stagger, reel, totter, dizzy
ぺこぺこ① fawning, being obsequious, cringing ② being very hungry ③ giving in, being dented
驚き 【おどろき】surprise, astonishment, wonder
収まる 【おさまる】① to be in one's place, to be installed, to settle into ② to be delivered, to be obtained, to be paid ③ to be settled, to be sorted out ④ to lessen (e.g. of storms, pain), to calm down ⑤ to be fit tightly into (e.g. a frame), to be sheathed (in a scabbard)
もしかしてperhaps, possibly
ええとlet me see, well, errr ...
おろおろnervous, flustered, in a dither, all shook up
ガタガタrattle, clatter
がぶがぶgulping down, guzzling
がみがみnagging, griping
がらがら① clattering, rattling, gargling ② empty, bare, uninhabited, vacant, unoccupied ③ raspy (voice), gravelly ④ rattle (e.g. baby's toy)
きらきらglitter, sparkle, glisten, twinkle
ぎりぎり① at the last moment, just barely ② grinding sound
くたくた① exhausted, tired ② withered, worn out ③ boiling until shapeless or mushy ④ tediously, repetitively, wordily
くらくらdizziness, giddiness
ぐらぐらloose, irregular movement, lolling, indecisiveness
ころころ① small and round thing rolling ② pleasant, high-pitched sound ③ something that changes frequently, something fickle
ごろごろ① thunder, purring, grumbling (e.g. stomach) ② something large and heavy starting to roll ③ scattered about ④ idleness, idle about ⑤ having a foreign substance in (e.g. one's eye or stomach)
さらさら① rustling, murmuring ② fluently ③ silky (hair)
ざあざあsound of rushing water, sound of pouring rain, white noise sound
ずきずきthrobbing pain, heartbreakingly
ちらちらfluttering, flickering, intermittently
ちんちん① chink, jingle, tinkle, whistle (kettle) ② begging (animal) ③ penis
とろfatty, more expensive tuna meat
とんとんtap, rap-tap, tapping
どきっとfeeling a shock, startling
どきどきthrob, beat (fast)
ニヤニヤgrinning, broad grin, smirk
へとへとcompletely exhausted
ぺらぺら① fluent, fluency ② flipping (pages) ③ thin or weak (paper, cloth)
ほらlook!, look out!, look at me!
むかむかnausea, queasy, surge of anger
ようこそwelcome!, nice to see you!
わくわくtremble, get nervous, excitedly, thrilled
シュークリームchou a la creme, cream-filled pastry
ピンポン① ping-pong, table tennis ② exactly!, surely!, that's it!
フワフワlight, airy, fluffy
ぷんぷん① intense smell (hanging around) ② state of being furious or angry
ワンワン① bow-wow (barking sound), arf arf, woof, bark ② waah-waah (crying sound) ③ clamouring, clamoring, echoing ④ a bow-wow (i.e. a dog), doggy
しいんとsilently (as the grave), quietly (as in death)
なければなりませんhave to do, must, should, ought to
こってり① thickly, heavily, richly ② severely, strongly
ごしごしscrubbing, rubbing briskly, rasping
めらめらflaring up, bursting into flames
かんかん① anger, flare-up ② intense heat ③ clanging noise
へえoh, yes?, really?
うふふchuckling, giggling
かしゃっwith a click
ってcasual quoting particle
あははa-ha-ha (laughing loudly)
じんじん① tingling sensation (e.g. in a leg), feeling numb, painful tingle, throbbing ② noisily, ears ringing
お帰りなさい 【おかえりなさい】welcome home
おはようございますgood morning
かもしれませんmay, might, perhaps, may be, possibly
と言われる 【といわれる】to be called ..., to be referred to as ...
パラパラfalling in (large) drops, sprinkle, pattering, clattering, flipping through a book
帰国 【きこく】return to one's country
急いで 【いそいで】hurriedly
春休み 【はるやすみ】spring break, spring vacation
図書館 【ずしょかん】library
気持 【きもち】feeling, sensation, mood
何番 【なんばん】what number
学園 【がくえん】academy, campus
学園祭 【がくえんさい】school festival, campus festival
体調 【たいちょう】physical condition
電話番号 【でんわばんごう】telephone number
面白 【おもしろ】amusing, interesting
このようにin this manner, in this way, like this
なければ① if it does not exist, if it is not there, if it is not ... ② unless one ..., if one does not ...
ようだ① (usu. at sentence-end) seeming to be, appearing to be ② like, similar to ③ in order to (e.g. meet goal), so that ④ indicates hope, wish, request or mild command
ちょっと① just a minute, short time, just a little ② somewhat, easily, readily, rather ③ (before a verb in negative form) (will not) easily ④ hey!
気を付けて 【きをつけて】take care, be careful
柔らか 【やわらか】soft, tender, limp, subdued (colour or light) (color), gentle, meek
うきうきcheerful, buoyant, cheery, lighthearted
風邪を引く 【かぜをひく】to catch a cold
門限 【もんげん】closing time, lockup, curfew
ありがとうございますthank you
和菓子 【わがし】Japanese confectionery
宝物 【たからもの】treasure, treasured item
支払 【しはらい】payment
一周 【いっしゅう】once around, a revolution, a lap, a turn, a round, one full year
収まり 【おさまり】conclusion, end, settlement
良き 【よき】① goodness ② good
お願い 【おねがい】① request, wish ② please
よろしくお願いします 【よろしくおねがいします】please remember me, please help me, please treat me well, I look forward to working with you
お勧め 【おすすめ】recommendation, advice, suggestion, encouragement
すれすれon the verge of, very close to, just in time, on the margin
びっくり① to be surprised, to be amazed, to be frightened, to be astonished ② surprise (e.g. surprise party) ③ surprise
健康診断 【けんこうしんだん】physical examination
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
富士山 【ふじさん】Mt Fuji
揺れ 【ゆれ】vibration, flickering, jolting, tremor
奇跡 【きせき】miracle, wonder, marvel
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
勘定書 【かんじょうしょ】a bill, a check
写真を撮る 【しゃしんをとる】to take a picture
お誕生日おめでとう 【おたんじょうびおめでとう】Happy Birthday
びりびりlike an electric shock, ripping, rattling
ぶうぶう① bugling sound, honking, oinking ② grumbling, complaining ③ car, automobile
寐る 【ねる】① to lie down ② to go to bed, to lie in bed ③ to sleep (lying down) ④ to sleep (with someone, i.e. have intercourse) ⑤ to lie idle
ごみrubbish, trash, garbage, refuse
それじゃ① well then ... ② in that situation, in which case
鮪 【まぐろ】① tuna (edible fish, Thunnus spp.), tunny ② northern bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus)
ぽんpop, plop, cloop
叱られる 【しかられる】to be scolded, to be reproved
ずらりin a row
お粥 【おかゆ】thin rice porridge, watery cooked rice, rice gruel