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beginning japanese - tuttle - ch1 vocab

Beginning Japanese


89 entriesCreated by reason . — Last modified: 2016-02-28 11:03:04
そう① so, really, seeming ② (after masu stem and adj-stem) appearing that, seeming that, looking like, having the appearance of
はい① yes ② OK (used to get attention prior to an utterance), okay ③ giddy-up, giddap
ゆっくりslowly, at ease, restful
飲む 【のむ】① to drink, to gulp, to swallow ② to smoke (tobacco) ③ to engulf, to overwhelm ④ to keep down, to suppress ⑤ to accept (e.g. demand, condition) ⑥ to make light of, to conceal
どうぞ① please, kindly ② by all means
休み 【やすみ】① rest, recess, respite ② vacation, holiday, absence, suspension ③ dormancy (of a silkworm prior to moulting)
休む 【やすむ】① to be absent, to take a day off ② to rest, to have a break ③ to go to bed, to (lie down to) sleep, to turn in, to retire ④ to stop doing some ongoing activity for a time, to suspend business
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
五 【ご】five
今月 【こんげつ】this month
出す 【だす】① to take out, to get out ② to put out, to reveal, to show ③ to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in ④ to publish, to make public ⑤ to send (e.g. letter) ⑥ to produce (a sound), to start (fire) ⑦ to serve (food) ⑧ to begin
出来る 【できる】① to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task ② to be ready, to be completed ③ to be made, to be built ④ to be good at, to be permitted (to do) ⑤ to become intimate, to take up (with somebody) ⑥ to grow, to be raised
書く 【かく】to write
水 【みず】water (cold, fresh)
先生 【せんせい】① teacher, master, doctor ② with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific
読む 【よむ】to read
日本語 【にほんご】Japanese (language)
父 【ちち】father
母 【はは】mother
本 【ほん】① book, volume ② main, head, this, our, present, real ③ counter for long cylindrical things
名前 【なまえ】① name, full name ② given name, first name
来年 【らいねん】next year
何 【なに】① what ② how many (some counter)
今日 【きょう】today, this day
言う 【いう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
聞く 【きく】① to hear ② to listen (e.g. to music) ③ to ask, to enquire, to query
立つ 【たつ】① to stand, to rise, to stand up ② to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position) ③ to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
分かる 【わかる】① to be understood, to be comprehended, to be grasped ② to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
ですpolite copula in Japanese
いるauxillary verb for continuing action or state
英語 【えいご】English (language)
家 【いえ】① house, residence, dwelling ② family, household ③ lineage, family name
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
元気 【げんき】health(y), robust, vigor, vigour, energy, vitality, vim, stamina, spirit, courage, pep
私 【わたし】① I, me ② private affairs, personal matter, secrecy ③ selfishness
待つ 【まつ】① to wait ② to await, to look forward to, to anticipate ③ (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
貸す 【かす】① to lend, to loan ② to rent out, to hire out
知る 【しる】to know, to understand, to be acquainted with, to feel
終わる 【おわる】to finish, to end, to close
部屋 【へや】① room ② sumo stable
違う 【ちがう】① to differ (from), to vary ② to not be in the usual condition ③ to not match the correct (answer, etc.) ④ to be different from promised
今晩 【こんばん】tonight, this evening
座る 【すわる】① to sit, to squat ② to assume (a position) ③ to hold steady, to hold still
静か 【しずか】quiet, peaceful
卵 【たまご】① eggs, egg, spawn, roe ② hen egg ③ (an expert) in the making
いいえ① no, nay ② well, er, why
良い 【いい】① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
達 【たち】pluralizing suffix (esp. for people & animals; formerly honorific)
箸 【はし】chopsticks
弁当 【べんとう】bento (Japanese box lunch)
僕 【ぼく】① I, me ② you (used addressing young children) ③ manservant
こちら① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
それ① that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it ② that time, then
どれ① which (of three or more) ② whichever, any ③ well, now, let me see
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
またagain, and, also, still (doing something)
醤油 【しょうゆ】soy sauce, shoyu
よう① (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) appearing ..., looking ... ② (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) way to ..., method of ...ing ③ (usu. after a noun) form, style, design ④ (usu. after a noun) like, similar to ⑤ thing (thought or spoken)
もう一度 【もういちど】once more, again
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
日本 【にっぽん】Japan
なさいdo (imperative form often used after ~masu base of verbs)
下さる 【くださる】to give, to confer
開く 【ひらく】① to open (e.g. a bank-account, festival, etc.) ② to spread out, to open up (flower bud, umbrella, etc.), to widen (gap, distance, width) ③ to hold, to give (party, conference, etc.)
始める 【はじめる】① to start, to begin, to commence, to initiate, to originate ② to open (e.g. a store), to start up, to establish (business. etc.) ③ to start (doing something), to begin to ...
行う 【おこなう】to perform, to do, to conduct oneself, to carry out
君 【くん】Mr (junior), master, boy
礼 【れい】thanking, expression of gratitude
漫画 【まんが】comic, cartoon
ただ今 【ただいま】① Here I am, I'm home! ② presently, right away, right now, just now
教科書 【きょうかしょ】textbook, text book
閉じる 【とじる】to close (e.g. book, eyes, meeting, etc.), to shut
俺 【おれ】(masc) I, me (rough or arrogant-sounding first-person pronoun, formerly also used by women)
よろしく① well, properly, suitably ② best regards, please remember me, please treat me favorably (favourably), please take care of
お早う 【おはよう】Good morning
着席 【ちゃくせき】sit down, seat
まして① still more, to say nothing of, not to mention ② still less (with neg. verb)
日本人 【にっぽんじん】Japanese person, Japanese people
バイバイbye-bye, good-bye
起立 【きりつ】standing up
手洗い 【てあらい】① washing one's hands, water (or basin, etc.) for washing one's hands ② restroom, lavatory, toilet ③ hand-washing (laundry, etc.)
東京 【とうきょう】Tokyo (current capital of Japan)
初め 【はじめ】beginning, start, origin
お願い 【おねがい】① request, wish ② please
わさびwasabi (Japanese horseradish)
豆腐 【とうふ】tofu, bean-curd
よい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
いい① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK