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beginning japanese - tuttle - ch2 vocab

Beginning Japanese


92 entriesCreated by reason . — Last modified: 2016-02-28 11:03:05
どうも① thanks ② much (thanks), very (sorry), quite (regret) ③ quite, really ④ somehow ⑤ no matter how hard one may try ⑥ greetings, hello, goodbye
ノート① notebook, copy-book, exercise book ② note ③ notebook PC
ボールペンball-point pen
一 【いち】① one ② best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective follows)
一つ 【ひとつ】① one ② for one thing (often used in itemized lists) ③ (after a noun) only ④ (with a verb in negative form) (not) even ⑤ just (i.e. "just try it")
下 【した】① below, down, under ② bottom ③ beneath, underneath ④ just after, right after ⑤ inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), younger (e.g. of siblings) ⑥ trade-in ⑦ preliminary, preparatory
九つ 【ここのつ】nine
五 【ご】five
五つ 【いつつ】five
三つ 【みっつ】three
四つ 【よっつ】four
七 【なな】seven
七つ 【ななつ】seven
人 【じん】① -ian (e.g. Italian, etc.) (attaches to name of country to denote nationality), -er (e.g. performer, etc.) (attaches to name of occupation) ② (usu. in compound words) man, person, people
電話 【でんわ】telephone
二 【に】two
二つ 【ふたつ】two
百 【ひゃく】100, hundred
父 【ちち】father
母 【はは】mother
来年 【らいねん】next year
何 【なん】① what ② how many (some counter)
九 【きゅう】nine
三 【さん】three
四 【よん】four
十 【じゅう】10, ten
八 【はち】eight
八つ 【やっつ】eight
六 【ろく】six
六つ 【むっつ】six
いるauxillary verb for continuing action or state
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
家族 【かぞく】family, members of a family
兄 【あに】older brother
兄弟 【きょうだい】siblings, brothers and sisters
犬 【いぬ】① dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris) ② snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.) ③ counterfeit, inferior, useless, wasteful
ご飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
仕事 【しごと】① work, job, business, occupation, employment, vocation, task ② work
姉 【あね】older sister, elder sister
写真 【しゃしん】① photograph, photo ② movie
昼 【ひる】① noon, midday ② daytime ③ lunch
妹 【いもうと】younger sister
四 【し】four
終わる 【おわる】to finish, to end, to close
一番 【いちばん】① best, first, number one ② game, round, bout, fall, event (in a meet)
弟 【おとうと】younger brother
番 【ばん】① number (in a series) ② (one's) turn ③ watch, guard, lookout ④ bout, match (sumo)
猫 【ねこ】① cat ② shamisen ③ geisha ④ wheelbarrow ⑤ clay bed-warmer
晩 【ばん】① evening ② counter for nights
帽子 【ぼうし】hat, cap
友達 【ともだち】friend, companion
ありがとうThank you
鉛筆 【えんぴつ】pencil
鞄 【かばん】bag, satchel, briefcase, basket
誰 【だれ】who
伯父 【おじ】uncle (older than one's parent)
あそこ① there (place physically distant from both speaker and listener), over there, that place, yonder ② that far (something psychologically distant from both speaker and listener), that much, that point
あのthat (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
その① that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the ② um..., er..., uh...
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
いくつ① how many? ② how old?
ここ① here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place ② these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker) ③ these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
どこ① where, what place ② how much (long, far), what extent
このthis (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
どのwhich, what (way)
そこ① there (place relatively near listener) ② there (place just mentioned), that place ③ then (of some incident just spoken of), that (of point just raised)
下さる 【くださる】to give, to confer
失礼 【しつれい】① discourtesy, impoliteness ② Excuse me, Goodbye ③ to leave ④ to be rude
紹介 【しょうかい】introduction, referral
祖父 【そふ】① grandfather ② old man ③ kyogen mask used for the role of an old man
祖母 【そぼ】grandmother
土産 【みやげ】present, souvenir
漫画 【まんが】comic, cartoon
上 【じょう】① from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of ② aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above ③ first volume (e.g. book) ④ superior quality, best, top, high class ⑤ going up ⑥ governmental, imperial ⑦ presenting, showing
黒板 【こくばん】blackboard
番目 【ばんめ】cardinal number suffix
すぐ① immediately, at once, directly ② soon, before long, shortly ③ easily, without difficulty ④ right (near), nearby, just (handy)
家 【か】-ist (used after a noun indicating someone's occupation, pursuits, disposition, etc.), -er
どう致しまして 【どういたしまして】you are welcome, don't mention it, not at all, my pleasure
飴 【あめ】(hard) candy, toffee
刑 【けい】penalty, sentence, punishment
チョーク① chalk ② choke ③ chock
おば(used with suffix -san or -sama) endearing term for unrelated older woman, (with suffix -san) term used by a child to address unrelated adult female
水 【すい】① Wednesday ② shaved ice (served with flavored syrup) ③ water (fifth of the five elements)
下 【か】under (being in said condition or environment)
バック① back ② to go backwards, to reverse ③ to refund a customer
朝 【ちょう】① dynasty ② reign ③ period, epoch, age ④ court
下敷き 【したじき】① desk pad, mat ② something lying underneath, pinned under, crushed beneath
たこcallus, callosity, corn