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N3 Week 1 vocabulary

Including kanji vocab


242 entriesCreated by Josh . — Last modified: 2015-08-07 09:02:43
横 【よこ】① horizontal (as opposed to vertical), lying down ② side-to-side (as opposed to front-to-back), width, breadth ③ side (of a box, etc.) ④ beside, aside, next to ⑤ unconnected
階 【かい】① stories, storeys ② counter for storeys and floors of a building
向こう 【むこう】① opposite side, other side, opposite direction ② over there, that way, far away, beyond ③ the other party, the other person ④ future (starting now)
速い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
地下鉄 【ちかてつ】underground train, subway
飛ぶ 【とぶ】to fly, to soar
番号 【ばんごう】number, series of digits
無い 【ない】① nonexistent, not being (there) ② unpossessed, unowned, not had ③ unique ④ indicates negation, inexperience, unnecessariness or impossibility ⑤ (after the ren'youkei form of an adjective) not ... ⑥ (after the -te form of a verb) to not be..., to have not ...
箱 【はこ】① box ② car (of a train, etc.) ③ shamisen case, shamisen
両親 【りょうしん】parents, both parents
番 【ばん】① number (in a series) ② (one's) turn ③ watch, guard, lookout ④ bout, match (sumo)
階段 【かいだん】stairs, stairway, staircase
危ない 【あぶない】① dangerous, risky, hazardous, perilous, precarious ② in danger, in jeopardy, critical, grave, at risk ③ uncertain, unreliable, insecure, unsteady, doubtful ④ close (i.e. a close call), narrow ⑤ look out!, watch out!
降る 【ふる】to precipitate, to fall (e.g. rain)
座る 【すわる】① to sit, to squat ② to assume (a position) ③ to hold steady, to hold still
辛い 【からい】① spicy, hot ② salty ③ tough (on someone), adverse, harsh
窓 【まど】window
薄い 【うすい】① thin ② pale, light ③ watery, dilute, sparse ④ weak (taste, etc.) ⑤ slim (probability, etc.), small
冷蔵庫 【れいぞうこ】refrigerator
塩 【しお】salt
降りる 【おりる】① to alight (e.g. from bus), to get off, to disembark, to dismount ② to quit, to withdraw, to pull back (from a position, a job) ③ to form (of frost, dew, mist, etc.)
自由 【じゆう】freedom, liberty, as it pleases you
線 【せん】line (also telephone, railway), wire, beam
飛行場 【ひこうじょう】airfield, airport
無理 【むり】unreasonable, impossible, overdoing
理由 【りゆう】reason, pretext, motive
確か 【たしか】① certain, sure, definite ② if I'm not mistaken, if I remember correctly
向かう 【むかう】① to face ② to go towards
汚れる 【よごれる】① to get dirty, to become dirty ② to become sullied
過ぎる 【すぎる】① to pass through, to pass by, to go beyond ② to pass (i.e. of time), to elapse ③ to have expired, to have ended, to be over ④ to exceed, to surpass, to be above ⑤ to be no more than ... ⑥ (often used after adjective stems or the -masu stems of verbs) to be excessive, to be too much, to be too ...
乾く 【かわく】to get dry
関係 【かんけい】relation, connection
危険 【きけん】① danger, peril, hazard ② dangerous, hazardous
指輪 【ゆびわ】(finger) ring
捨てる 【すてる】to throw away, to cast aside, to abandon, to resign, to break up with (someone)
取り替える 【とりかえる】to exchange, to replace
席 【せき】① seat ② location (of a gathering, etc.), place ③ position, post
駐車場 【ちゅうしゃじょう】parking lot, parking place
非常に 【ひじょうに】very, extremely, exceedingly
普通 【ふつう】① general, ordinary, usual ② normally, generally, usually ③ train that stops at every station
沸かす 【わかす】① to boil, to heat ② to excite
片付ける 【かたづける】① to tidy up, to put in order, to straighten up, to put away ② to settle (problem), to clear (dispute) ③ to finish, to bring something to an end ④ to marry off (e.g. a daughter) ⑤ to do away with someone, to bump someone off
優しい 【やさしい】tender, kind, gentle, graceful, affectionate, amiable, suave
冷える 【ひえる】to grow cold, to get chilly, to cool down
押し入れ 【おしいれ】closet
暖房 【だんぼう】heating
冷房 【れいぼう】cooling, air-conditioning
ぶつto hit (a person), to strike, to beat
電子レンジmicrowave oven
食品 【しょくひん】commodity, foodstuff
茶わん 【ちゃわん】rice bowl, tea cup, teacup
安定 【あんてい】stability, equilibrium
育つ 【そだつ】to be raised (e.g. child), to be brought up, to grow (up)
加える 【くわえる】to append, to sum up, to add (up), to include, to increase, to inflict
家具 【かぐ】furniture
確かめる 【たしかめる】to ascertain, to check, to make sure
禁止 【きんし】prohibition, inhibition, ban
高速道路 【こうそくどうろ】highway, freeway, expressway, motorway
混ぜる 【まぜる】to mix, to stir, to blend
式 【しき】① equation, formula, expression ② ceremony ③ style
正確 【せいかく】accurate, punctual, exact, authentic, veracious
速度 【そくど】speed, velocity, rate
断る 【ことわる】① to refuse, to reject, to dismiss, to turn down, to decline ② to inform, to give notice, to tell in advance ③ to ask leave, to excuse oneself (from)
鉄 【てつ】iron
鉄道 【てつどう】railroad
道路 【どうろ】road, highway
皮 【かわ】① skin, hide, pelt, fur ② rind, peel, husk, bark ③ shell, sheath, wrapping
氷 【こおり】① ice ② shaved ice (usually served with flavored simple syrup)
不満 【ふまん】dissatisfaction, displeasure, discontent, complaints, unhappiness, disgruntled
方向 【ほうこう】① direction, orientation, bearing, way ② course (e.g. of action)
無料 【むりょう】free, no charge
数 【かず】number, amount
両 【りょう】① both (e.g. both shoulders, etc.) ② ryo (obsolete unit of currency) ③ 41-42 g (one sixteenth of a kin) ④ 2 tan (measure of fabric size) ⑤ counter for carriages (e.g. in a train)
以降 【いこう】on and after, as from, hereafter, thereafter, since
偉い 【えらい】① great, excellent, admirable, remarkable, distinguished, important, celebrated, famous, eminent ② awful, terrible
汚す 【よごす】① to pollute, to contaminate, to soil, to make dirty, to stain ② to disgrace, to dishonour, to dishonor, to defile
過去 【かこ】the past, bygone days, the previous
確認 【かくにん】affirmation, confirmation, validation
関心 【かんしん】concern, interest
掘る 【ほる】to dig, to excavate
欠席 【けっせき】absence, non-attendance
賢い 【かしこい】wise, clever, smart
現れる 【あらわれる】① to appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to come out, to embody, to materialize, to materialise ② to be expressed (e.g. emotions), to become apparent (e.g. trends, effects)
現金 【げんきん】cash, ready money, mercenary, self-interested
刻む 【きざむ】to mince, to carve, to engrave, to cut fine, to chop up, to hash, to chisel, to notch
座席 【ざせき】seat
材料 【ざいりょう】ingredients, material
出席 【しゅっせき】① attendance, presence, appearance ② to attend, to be present, to appear
女優 【じょゆう】actress
床 【ゆか】① floor ② stage (for the narrator and the shamisen player) ③ dining platform built across a river
信じる 【しんじる】to believe, to believe in, to place trust in, to confide in, to have faith in
信号 【しんごう】traffic lights, signal, semaphore
信用 【しんよう】confidence, dependence, credit, faith, reliance, belief, credence
成長 【せいちょう】growth, grow to adulthood
積もる 【つもる】① to pile up, to accumulate ② to estimate
駐車 【ちゅうしゃ】parking (e.g. car)
通過 【つうか】passage through, transit, passing
認める 【みとめる】① to recognize, to recognise, to appreciate ② to observe, to notice ③ to admit, to approve
濃い 【こい】① deep (colour), dark ② strong (flavour, smell, etc.) ③ thick (consistency), dense ④ strong (possibility, etc.) ⑤ thick (i.e. "as thick as thieves"), close, deep (love, etc.)
非常 【ひじょう】emergency, extraordinary, unusual
表現 【ひょうげん】① expression, presentation ② representation, notation
幅 【はば】width, breadth
埋める 【うめる】① to bury (e.g. in the ground) ② to fill up (e.g. audience fills a hall), to fill (a seat, a vacant position) ③ to plug gaps, to stop a gap ④ to make amends, to cover up for something ⑤ to put cold water in a bath ⑥ to cover, to scatter something over
幼児 【ようじ】infant, baby, child
利口 【りこう】clever, shrewd, bright, sharp, wise, intelligent
両替 【りょうがえ】change, money exchange
零す 【こぼす】① to spill ② to grumble
凍る 【こおる】to freeze, to be frozen over, to congeal
栄養 【えいよう】nutrition, nourishment
穴 【あな】① hole ② deficit, shortage, missing person (in a team, meeting, etc.) ③ vacancy, opening ④ flaw ⑤ profitable place (or item, etc.) not well known by others ⑥ upset victory (with a large payoff)
行儀 【ぎょうぎ】manners, behavior, behaviour
酸っぱい 【すっぱい】sour, acid
揚げる 【あげる】① to deep-fry ② to raise, to elevate ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑥ to earn (something desirable) ⑦ (of the tide) to come in
食器 【しょっき】tableware
整理 【せいり】sorting, arrangement, organization, putting in order, adjustment, regulation, liquidation
態度 【たいど】attitude, manner, behaviour
保存 【ほぞん】preservation, conservation, storage, saving (e.g., to disk), maintenance
蓋 【ふた】cover, lid, cap
つなぐto tie, to fasten, to connect, to transfer (phone call)
叩く 【たたく】① to strike, to clap, to dust, to beat ② to play drums ③ to abuse, to flame (e.g. on the Internet), to insult ④ to use up money
鍋 【なべ】saucepan, pot
溜まる 【たまる】to collect, to gather, to save, to accumulate, to pile up
埃 【ほこり】dust
茹でる 【ゆでる】to boil
出来上がり 【できあがり】finish, completion, ready, made for, cut out
出来上がる 【できあがる】① to be completed, to be finished, to be ready (e.g. to serve or eat) ② to be very drunk
仕上がる 【しあがる】to be finished, to be completed, to be done
生意気 【なまいき】impertinent, saucy, cheeky, conceit, audacious, brazen
真っ白 【まっしろ】pure white
雨戸 【あまど】sliding storm shutter
線路 【せんろ】line, track, roadbed
退ける 【どける】to remove, to take away, to dislodge, to put something out of the way
断水 【だんすい】water outage
調味料 【ちょうみりょう】flavoring (e.g. salt, sugar, soy sauce, vinegar, etc.), seasoning
通路 【つうろ】passage, pathway
定休日 【ていきゅうび】regular holiday
日常 【にちじょう】ordinary, regular, everyday, usual
方面 【ほうめん】① direction, district, area ② field (e.g. of study)
満員 【まんいん】full house, no vacancy, sold out, standing room only, full (of people), crowded
目次 【もくじ】table of contents
両側 【りょうがわ】both sides
温める 【あたためる】to warm, to heat
係 【かかり】official, duty, person in charge
退く 【どく】① to step aside, to move (i.e. out of the way), to make way ② to resign, to retire, to quit, to secede
量る 【はかる】① to measure, to weigh, to survey, to time (sound, gauge, estimate) ② to conjecture, to infer, to surmise
日当たり 【ひあたり】① exposure to the sun, sunny place ② per day
育児 【いくじ】childcare, nursing, upbringing
回数券 【かいすうけん】book of tickets
各自 【かくじ】individual, each
関する 【かんする】to concern, to be related
散らかす 【ちらかす】to scatter around, to leave untidy
散らかる 【ちらかる】to be in disorder, to lie scattered around
湿る 【しめる】to be wet, to become wet, to be damp
畳む 【たたむ】① to fold (clothes) ② to close (a shop) ③ to vacate
掃く 【はく】to sweep, to brush, to gather up
窓口 【まどぐち】① ticket window, teller window, counter ② contact person, point of contact
着替える 【きがえる】to change one's clothes
停車 【ていしゃ】stopping (e.g. train)
熱する 【ねっする】to heat, to heat up
片付く 【かたづく】① to be put in order, to be put to rights ② to be disposed of, to be solved ③ to be finished ④ to be married (off)
裏返す 【うらがえす】to turn inside out, to turn the other way, to turn (something) over
冷やす 【ひやす】to cool, to chill, to refrigerate
冷凍 【れいとう】freezing, cold storage, refrigeration
押さえる 【おさえる】① to pin something down, to hold something down, to hold something back, to stop, to restrain, to curb ② to seize, to grasp, to arrest ③ to gain control of something, to govern, to keep down (e.g. information), to suppress ④ to catch happening, to determine (important points), to find (proof), to understand
干す 【ほす】① to air, to dry, to desiccate ② to drain (off) ③ to drink up ④ to deprive of a role, job, etc. (usu. in the passive)
塩辛い 【しおからい】salty (taste)
蛇口 【じゃぐち】faucet, tap
焦げる 【こげる】to burn, to be burned
酢 【す】vinegar
炊飯器 【すいはんき】rice cooker
洗剤 【せんざい】detergent, washing material
炊く 【たく】to cook (esp. grain, pulses, etc., such as rice or beans), to boil
汲む 【くむ】① to draw (water), to ladle, to dip, to scoop, to pump ② to have a drink together ③ to consider, to sympathize with, to sympathise with
こするto rub, to scrub
雑巾 【ぞうきん】house-cloth, dust cloth
濡らす 【ぬらす】to wet, to soak, to dip
秤 【はかり】scales, weighing machine
剥く 【むく】to peel, to skin, to pare, to hull
かぶせるto cover (with something), to put on (e.g. on someone else's head), to plate something (with a metal), to pour or dash a liquid (on something), to charge (a person with a guilt)
撫でる 【なでる】to brush gently, to stroke, to caress
溜める 【ためる】① to amass, to accumulate, to store ② to leave unpaid
こぼれる① to spill, to fall out of, to overflow ② to peek through, to become visible (although normally not) ③ to escape (of a smile, tear, etc.)
向き 【むき】direction, orientation, aspect, situation, exposure, suitability, tendency
蒸す 【むす】to steam, to poultice, to be sultry
正常 【せいじょう】normalcy, normality, normal
天井 【てんじょう】ceiling, ceiling price
電源 【でんげん】① source of electricity, electrical power ② power (button on TV, etc.)
負んぶ 【おんぶ】carrying on one's back (e.g. baby)
抱っこ 【だっこ】(child's) hug, carrying a baby in one's arms
無断 【むだん】without permission, without notice
優先 【ゆうせん】preference, priority, precedence
流し 【ながし】① sink ② cruising (e.g. taxi)
汚れ 【よごれ】dirt, filth
塵取り 【ちりとり】dustpan
布巾 【ふきん】tea-towel, dish cloth
炒める 【いためる】to cook, to fry, to saute, to stir-fry
キッチン① kitchen ② chitin
コンセント① electrical outlet (concentric plug) ② consent ③ concentric
バス停bus stop
ワイングラスwine glass
味見 【あじみ】sampling, tasting
コーヒーカップcoffee cup
ごみ箱 【ごみばこ】garbage can, garbage box, rubbish bin, trash can, dust bin, dustbin
画面 【がめん】terminal screen, scene, picture, the field (in TV), photo
快速 【かいそく】high speed, celerity, mobility, express (train that bypasses many stations)
号車 【ごうしゃ】classifier for naming train cars
子育て 【こそだて】raising children
次回 【じかい】next time (occasion)
全面 【ぜんめん】whole surface, entire
入学式 【にゅうがくしき】school entrance ceremony
番線 【ばんせん】track number
無休 【むきゅう】without a holiday, nonstop
右側 【みぎがわ】right side, right hand
右側 【うそく】right side, right hand
次 【じ】① next ② hypo- (i.e. containing an element with low valence) ③ order, sequence, time, times
お玉 【おたま】① ladle ② egg
特急列車 【とっきゅうれっしゃ】limited express train
各駅 【かくえき】every station
各国 【かっこく】① each nation ② many nations, many countries
指定席 【していせき】reserved seat
自信 【じしん】self-confidence
自由席 【じゆうせき】unreserved seat
乗車券 【じょうしゃけん】passenger ticket
送信 【そうしん】transmission, sending
非常口 【ひじょうぐち】emergency exit
正座 【せいざ】kneeling with the tops of the feet flat on the floor, and sitting on the soles
掃除機 【そうじき】vacuum cleaner
降車 【こうしゃ】alighting, getting off, getting down
窓側 【まどがわ】window-side
我がまま 【わがまま】① selfishness, egoism, self-indulgence, wilfulness, willfulness ② disobedience ③ whim
人懐っこい 【ひとなつっこい】friendly, affable, amiable, sociable, loving company, (animals) taking kindly to men
整理券 【せいりけん】numbered ticket (e.g. to determine order of service)
網戸 【あみど】screen door
搾る 【しぼる】to press, to wring, to squeeze, to narrow (down), to whittle (down), to tighten
吊す 【つるす】to hang, to hang up
拈る 【ひねる】① to twist, to wrench, to turn (a switch on or off, etc.), to wring (a neck) ② to puzzle over ③ to defeat easily
呻る 【うなる】to groan, to moan, to roar, to howl, to growl, to hum, to buzz, to sough