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Vocabulary about fonts, style, calligraphy, parts of speech. Send me suggested terms at simplytom@me.com.


237 entriesCreated by #52482 — Last modified: 2016-02-05 03:29:33
ボールペンball-point pen
円 【えん】① Yen, money ② circle
カタカナkatakana, one of the Japanese syllabaries
漢字 【かんじ】Chinese characters, kanji
横 【よこ】① horizontal (as opposed to vertical), lying down ② side-to-side (as opposed to front-to-back), width, breadth ③ side (of a box, etc.) ④ beside, aside, next to ⑤ unconnected
文章 【ぶんしょう】① sentence, article, composition ② (writing) style
万年筆 【まんねんひつ】fountain pen
鉛筆 【えんぴつ】pencil
ひらがなhiragana, one of the Japanese syllabaries
タイプ① type, kind, sort, style ② typewriter, typing
字 【じ】① character (i.e. kanji) ② hand-writing, penmanship ③ the ... word (i.e. "the L word" = "love")
点 【てん】① spot, mark ② point, dot ③ mark (e.g. in exam), score, points ④ counter for goods or items
行 【ぎょう】① line (i.e. of text), row, verse ② carya (austerities) ③ samskara (formations) ④ running script (a semi-cursive style of kanji)
引用 【いんよう】quotation, citation, reference
文字 【もじ】① letter (of alphabet), character ② literal
禁止 【きんし】prohibition, inhibition, ban
数字 【すうじ】numeral, figure, digit, numeric character
通 【つう】① connoisseur, authority ② counter for letters, notes, documents, etc.
筆 【ふで】writing brush
表 【ひょう】table (e.g. Tab 1), chart, list
印刷 【いんさつ】printing
設計 【せっけい】plan, design, layout
動詞 【どうし】verb
第 【だい】ordinal
円 【まる】① Yen, money ② circle
見出し 【みだし】heading, caption, subtitle, index
分 【ぶ】① one-tenth, one percent (one-tenth of a wari), 3 mm (one-tenth of a sun), 2.4 mm (one-tenth of a mon, a traditional unit used to measure shoe sizes), 0.375 grams (one-tenth of a monme), 0.1 degree (one-tenth of a do, used to measure body temperature on any temperature scale) ② one-quarter of a ryou (obsolete unit of currency) ③ thickness ④ advantageous circumstances
ローマ字 【ろーまじ】Latin alphabet, transliteration of Japanese in "Roman" or Latin letters, romanization, romanisation, romaji
五十音 【ごじゅうおん】the Japanese syllabary
習字 【しゅうじ】penmanship
書道 【しょどう】calligraphy (esp. Chinese)
文字 【もんじ】① letter (of alphabet), character ② literal
空き 【あき】① space, room, emptiness, gap ② opening, vacancy, empty seat ③ free time, time to spare ④ disuse, unused thing
音読み 【おんよみ】on (Chinese) reading of kanji
下線 【かせん】underline, underscore
角 【かく】① angle ② square (or cube) ③ bishop (shogi) ④ third degree (of the Japanese & Chinese pentatonic scale) ⑤ Chinese "horn" constellation (one of the 28 mansions) ⑥ jiao (monetary unit of China; one-tenth of a yuan)
活字 【かつじ】printing type
記号 【きごう】symbol, code, sign, notation
図表 【ずひょう】chart, diagram, graph, figure
部首 【ぶしゅ】radical (of a kanji character)
分数 【ぶんすう】fraction
訓読み 【くんよみ】kun-yomi (Japanese reading of character)
形容詞 【けいようし】(true) adjective, i-adjective
形容動詞 【けいようどうし】na-adjective (adj-na), quasi-adjective, adjectival noun, nominal adjective
代名詞 【だいめいし】① pronoun ② synonym, classic example, pattern, byword, representative
副詞 【ふくし】adverb
名詞 【めいし】noun
目印 【めじるし】mark, sign, landmark
仮名遣い 【かなづかい】kana orthography, syllabary spelling
括弧 【かっこ】parenthesis, brackets
句 【く】① section (i.e. of text), sentence, passage, paragraph ② phrase ③ verse (of 5 or 7 mora in Japanese poetry; of 4, 5, or 7 characters in Chinese poetry) ④ haiku, first 17 morae of a renga, etc. ⑤ maxim, saying, idiom, expression
句読点 【くとうてん】punctuation mark, punctuation marks
縦 【たて】① the vertical, height ② front-to-back, length
熟語 【じゅくご】① kanji compound ② idiom, idiomatic phrase
振り仮名 【ふりがな】furigana (kana over or beside kanji to indicate pronunciation)
宣伝 【せんでん】propaganda, publicity, advertisement, advertising
送り仮名 【おくりがな】kana written after a kanji to complete the full (usually kun) reading of the word (may inflect), declensional kana ending
墨 【すみ】ink
矢印 【やじるし】arrow (mark or symbol), directional marker or indicator
かなJapanese syllabary (alphabets), kana
間 【ま】space, room, time, pause
文 【ふみ】letter, writings
受け身 【うけみ】① the defensive ② passive attitude, passivity, passiveness ③ the passive, passive voice ④ ukemi (the art of falling safely)
英字 【えいじ】English letter, alphabetic character
画 【かく】stroke (of a kanji, etc.)
漢語 【かんご】Chinese word, Sino-Japanese word
区切り 【くぎり】① punctuation, pause, juncture ② end, (place to) stop
掲げる 【かかげる】① to publish, to print, to carry (an article) ② to put up, to hang out, to hoist, to fly (a sail), to float (a flag), to tout ③ to set forth (provision)
字体 【じたい】type, font, lettering
助詞 【じょし】particle, postposition
助動詞 【じょどうし】auxiliary verb
接続詞 【せつぞくし】conjunction
絶版 【ぜっぱん】out of print
他動詞 【たどうし】transitive verb (direct obj.)
点線 【てんせん】dotted line, perforated line
当て字 【あてじ】kanji used as a phonetic symbol, instead of for the meaning, phonetic-equivalent character, substitute character
同封 【どうふう】enclosure (e.g. in a letter)
版画 【はんが】woodcut, woodblock print, art print
標語 【ひょうご】motto, slogan, catchword
分離 【ぶんり】separation, partition, detachment, segregation, isolation, decollation
文語 【ぶんご】① written language, literary language ② formal (or archaic) written style based on Heian-period Japanese
偏 【へん】left-hand radical of a character
片仮名 【かたかな】katakana, one of the Japanese syllabaries
用紙 【ようし】① blank form ② sheets of paper, sheet of paper
書 【しょ】① document, book ② penmanship, handwriting, calligraphy (esp. Chinese)
アクセント① accent (in language) ② stress, highlight, accent
カーン① kern ② Kahn
コンマcomma, cedilla
シャープペンシルpropelling or mechanical pencil
マーク① mark ② markup ③ Mach (OS kernel)
ロゴ① logo ② logotype
行間 【ぎょうかん】line-spacing in text, between the lines
見にくい 【みにくい】① hard to see ② obscure, indistinct, illegible
サインペンfelt-tip pen
ペン書きwriting or drawing in ink
分の 【ぶんの】denominator bun no numerator (in writing common fractions), X Yth's (Y bun no X)
コピー用紙copier paper, photocopying paper
半角カタカナhalf-width katakana
タイポtypo, typographical error
デジタルペンdigital pen
タグラインtag line, tagline
ミスタイプ① to mistype ② typographical error, typo
シャー芯mechanical pencil lead
大見出し 【おおみだし】banner headline
一字 【いちじ】letter, character
一通 【いっつう】one copy (of a document), one letter
音読 【おんどく】① reading aloud ② on'yomi (adopted Chinese reading of a kanji)
漢文 【かんぶん】① Chinese classical literature ② literature written entirely in kanji
書き方 【かきかた】① way of writing, manner of writing ② penmanship (esp. used in old textbooks), calligraphy ③ format (e.g. of a report) ④ stroke order of a character
書体 【しょたい】calligraphic style, calligraphic styles, typeface
走り書き 【はしりがき】scribbling, scrawl, hasty writing
大文字 【おおもじ】① upper case letters, large characters, capital letter ② the (kanji) character "dai" meaning "big" ③ huge character "dai" formed by fires lit on the side of a mountain in Kyoto on 16 Aug each year
白紙 【はくし】blank paper, white paper
楽書き 【らくがき】scrawl, scribble, graffiti
書家 【しょか】calligrapher, individual with good penmanship
読み悪い 【よみにくい】hard to read, illegible
題字 【だいじ】letters in a title
文字間 【もじかん】letter spacing, tracking
音声学 【おんせいがく】phonetics
下線部 【かせんぶ】underlined part
下表 【かひょう】diagram below
校正 【こうせい】① proofreading, correction of press ② calibration
黒星 【くろぼし】① black spot, black dot, bull's-eye ② failure mark (sumo)
三次元 【さんじげん】three dimensions, three dimensional, 3D, 3-D
紙面 【しめん】space (page)
術 【じゅつ】art, means, technique
全角 【ぜんかく】em, em quad (printing), full-pitch character (e.g. double-byte character)
直筆 【じきひつ】one's own handwriting
頭文字 【かしらもじ】① initials, initialism ② first letter of a word ③ acronym ④ capital letter
同意語 【どういご】synonym
二通 【につう】two copies
発行部数 【はっこうぶすう】number of copies printed
半角 【はんかく】half-width characters (e.g. romaji), single-byte characters, en quad
板画 【はんが】woodcut, woodblock print, art print
文字化け 【もじばけ】corruption (of text, e.g. in email, due to improper encoding), garbling, illegal character, corrupted text, garbled text
名乗り 【なのり】① name readings of kanji ② self-introduction ③ announcement of candidature
毛筆 【もうひつ】(writing, painting) brush
和紙 【わし】Japanese paper
明き 【あき】① space, room, emptiness, gap ② opening, vacancy, empty seat ③ free time, time to spare ④ disuse, unused thing
筆記用具 【ひっきようぐ】writing implement
肉太 【にくぶと】boldface (type)
字数 【じすう】number of characters or letters
和書 【わしょ】(Japanese) book bound in the Japanese style
発音記号 【はつおんきごう】phonetic symbol
特筆大書 【とくひつたいしょ】(printed or written in) large letters
顔文字 【かおもじ】smiley (face made up of characters), emoticon
県花 【けんか】prefectural flower, floral emblem for a prefecture
全角文字 【ぜんかくもじ】full-width character
印刷機 【いんさつき】printing press
印刷業 【いんさつぎょう】printing business
印刷物 【いんさつぶつ】printed matter
改行 【かいぎょう】① new line, new paragraph ② newline (e.g. LF, CR, CRLF)
疑問符 【ぎもんふ】question mark
詰め 【つめ】① stuffing, packing ② end (esp. the foot of a bridge) ③ lowest-ranking guest at tea ceremony ④ tea master ⑤ endgame (esp. in shogi or used figuratively) ⑥ sweet eel sauce ⑦ appointment to a particular workplace ⑧ using as the sole ground of judgement (judgment) ⑨ (after the -masu stem of a verb) continuing, keep doing for period of time
使用方法 【しようほうほう】usage rules
自動詞 【じどうし】intransitive verb (no direct obj)
重版 【じゅうはん】second edition, additional printing, literary piracy
照準 【しょうじゅん】alignment
段落 【だんらく】① paragraph ② end, stopping place, conclusion
中略 【ちゅうりゃく】omission, ellipsis
追い込み 【おいこみ】① final stage, last spurt ② live printing area (in publishing)
表記法 【ひょうきほう】representation, notation
表象 【ひょうしょう】symbol, emblem
不規則動詞 【ふきそくどうし】irregular verb
副題 【ふくだい】subtitle, subheading
余白 【よはく】blank space, margin
略字 【りゃくじ】simplified character (i.e. kanji)
編者 【へんしゃ】editor, compiler
指示代名詞 【しじだいめいし】demonstrative pronoun
紙背 【しはい】reverse side of a paper, (read) between the lines
字詰め 【じづめ】number of characters, manuscript paper, printed matter
関係代名詞 【かんけいだいめいし】relative pronoun
関係副詞 【かんけいふくし】relative adverb
星印 【ほしじるし】star, asterisk
二枚 【にまい】two sheets (pieces) (of paper)
再生紙 【さいせいし】recycled paper
不可算名詞 【ふかさんめいし】uncountable noun
可算名詞 【かさんめいし】countable noun
初刷 【しょさつ】first print (run)
総画数 【そうかくすう】stroke-count of a kanji
アルファベット順 【アルファベットじゅん】alphabetical order
一覧表 【いちらんひょう】list, table, schedule, catalogue, catalog
標 【しるし】① mark ② symbol ③ evidence
音節 【おんせつ】syllable
感嘆符 【かんたんふ】exclamation point, exclamation mark
擬声語 【ぎせいご】onomatope (i.e. word formed by onomatopoeia)
脚注 【きゃくちゅう】footnote
句読法 【くとうほう】punctuation rules
句切り 【くぎり】① punctuation, pause, juncture ② end, (place to) stop
繰り返し 【くりかえし】① repetition, reiteration, iteration, cycle ② repeatedly
原稿用紙 【げんこうようし】Japanese writing paper
校閲 【こうえつ】revision, proofreading
手描き 【てがき】① handwriting ② skilled penman
上梓 【じょうし】publication, wood-block printing
図案 【ずあん】a design, sketch
脱字 【だつじ】omitted word or character
同音異義語 【どうおんいぎご】homonym
巴 【ともえ】huge comma design
不明瞭 【ふめいりょう】dimness, obscurity, indistinctness, unclear, unintelligible
墨付き 【すみつき】① handwriting, autograph, authorization, authorisation ② certificate, certified document, paper with signature of the shogun or lord
明亮 【めいりょう】clarity, clearness
感嘆詞 【かんたんし】interjection
編修 【へんしゅう】editing, compilation, editorial (e.g. committee)
崩し書き 【くずしがき】cursive style of writing or calligraphy
名詞句 【めいしく】noun phrase, NP
抽象名詞 【ちゅうしょうめいし】abstract noun
斜体 【しゃたい】italic (font style)
副詞節 【ふくしせつ】adverbial clause
ポップ① pop ② signage, display, billboard (as used to decorate arcade games)
結紮 【けっさつ】ligature
五體 【ごたい】① the whole body, limbs ② the five styles in Japanese calligraphy
符牒 【ふちょう】① mark, symbol, sign ② code, cipher ③ password ④ secret jargon, argot, code ⑤ secret price tag
萬葉集 【まんようしゅう】Manyoushuu (famous 8thC poetry), Japan's oldest anthology of poems
鱗 【うろこ】① scale (of fish) ② serif (on kana or kanji (e.g. in Mincho font))
楷書 【かいしょ】square style of handwriting, printed style of handwriting, block style, standard style
楔形文字 【くさびがたもじ】cuneiform (writing)
篆書 【てんしょ】characters used on seals
弖爾乎波 【てにをは】postpositions, particles
鉤 【かぎ】① hook ② hook bracket (Japanese quotation mark)
矢絣 【やがすり】pattern resembling that of arrow feathers
四角号碼 【しかくごうま】four-corner kanji character stroke classification system
硯 【すずり】inkstone
籀書 【ちゅうしょ】large seal script (dating from China's Spring and Autumn period onward)
籀文 【ちゅうぶん】large seal script (dating from China's Spring and Autumn period onward)
楷書体 【かいしょたい】square (block) style of printed typeface
硯箱 【すずりばこ】inkstone case