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Black Jack Vol. 1 (episodes 0 to 3)

Author (public: access, edit)

Vocab for episodes 0 to 3 of the animated series ‘Black Jack’. This is volume 1 out of 8. Check out the ‘Most Common Vocab’ set (vol 0) for a list of the most common terms throughout the series.

First 500 entries [show all] — Created by Public Domain — Last modified: 1928-11-03 00:00:00
ええ① yes, that is correct, right ② um, errr ③ huh? ④ grrr, gah, Must I? ⑤ good
お金 【おかね】money
こんなsuch (about something/someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or about ideas expressed by the speaker), like this
さあcome, come now
さん① Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms ② honorific used with occupational titles
じゃあ① then, well, so, well then ② combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles ③ plain copula
じゃ① then, well, so, well then ② combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles ③ plain copula
そう① so, really, seeming ② (after masu stem and adj-stem) appearing that, seeming that, looking like, having the appearance of
そんなsuch (about the actions of the listener, or about ideas expressed or understood by the listener), like that, that sort of
でも① but, however, still, yet, although, even though ② even, even if ③ or something
どうも① thanks ② much (thanks), very (sorry), quite (regret) ③ quite, really ④ somehow ⑤ no matter how hard one may try ⑥ greetings, hello, goodbye
どんなwhat, what kind of
はい① yes ② OK (used to get attention prior to an utterance), okay ③ giddy-up, giddap
もう① already, anymore ② soon, shortly ③ more, further, other, again ④ interjection used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation)
もっと(some) more, even more, longer, further
ゆっくりslowly, at ease, restful
キロkilo-, kilogram, kilogramme, kilometre, kilometer, 10^3
コート① coat ② court (i.e. tennis, basketball, etc.)
テレビtelevision, TV
安い 【やすい】① cheap, inexpensive ② calm, peaceful, quiet
一 【いち】① one ② best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective follows)
一つ 【ひとつ】① one ② for one thing (often used in itemized lists) ③ (after a noun) only ④ (with a verb in negative form) (not) even ⑤ just (i.e. "just try it")
飲む 【のむ】① to drink, to gulp, to swallow ② to smoke (tobacco) ③ to engulf, to overwhelm ④ to keep down, to suppress ⑤ to accept (e.g. demand, condition) ⑥ to make light of, to conceal
雨 【あめ】rain
円 【えん】① Yen, money ② circle
下 【した】① below, down, under ② bottom ③ beneath, underneath ④ just after, right after ⑤ inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), younger (e.g. of siblings) ⑥ trade-in ⑦ preliminary, preparatory
下さい 【ください】① please give me ② (after te-form of a verb or a noun prefixed with o- or go-) please do for me
どうぞ① please, kindly ② by all means
花 【はな】① flower, blossom, bloom, petal ② blooming (esp. of cherry blossoms), cherry blossom ③ ikebana ④ Japanese playing cards ⑤ beauty ⑥ (the) best
外 【そと】① outside, exterior ② open air ③ other place
見せる 【みせる】to show, to display
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
後 【あと】① behind, rear ② after, later ③ after one's death ④ remainder, the rest ⑤ descendant, successor, heir ⑥ more (i.e. five more minutes)
後ろ 【うしろ】back, behind, rear
口 【くち】① mouth ② opening, hole, gap, orifice ③ mouth (of a bottle), spout, nozzle, mouthpiece ④ gate, door, entrance, exit ⑤ speaking, speech, talk (i.e. gossip) ⑥ taste, palate ⑦ mouth (to feed) ⑧ opening (i.e. vacancy), available position ⑨ invitation, summons ⑩ kind, sort, type ⑪ opening (i.e. beginning) ⑫ counter for mouthfuls, shares (of money), and swords
高い 【たかい】① high, tall ② expensive
今 【いま】now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more
三つ 【みっつ】three
山 【やま】① mountain ② pile, heap ③ climax, critical point ④ speculated area covered by an examination
時 【とき】① time, hour ② occasion, moment
時間 【じかん】① time ② hours
手 【て】① hand, arm ② handle ③ hand, worker, help ④ trouble, care, effort ⑤ means, way, trick, move, technique, workmanship ⑥ hand, handwriting ⑦ kind, type, sort ⑧ one's hands, one's possession ⑨ ability to cope ⑩ hand (of cards) ⑪ direction
週間 【しゅうかん】week, weekly
出す 【だす】① to take out, to get out ② to put out, to reveal, to show ③ to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in ④ to publish, to make public ⑤ to send (e.g. letter) ⑥ to produce (a sound), to start (fire) ⑦ to serve (food) ⑧ to begin
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
出来る 【できる】① to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task ② to be ready, to be completed ③ to be made, to be built ④ to be good at, to be permitted (to do) ⑤ to become intimate, to take up (with somebody) ⑥ to grow, to be raised
書く 【かく】to write
女の子 【おんなのこ】girl
小さい 【ちいさい】small, little, tiny
少し 【すこし】① small quantity, little, few, something ② little while ③ short distance
上 【うえ】① above, up, over ② top, summit ③ surface, on ④ before, previous ⑤ superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder) ⑥ on top of that, besides, what's more ⑦ upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after) ⑧ matters concerning..., as concerns ... ⑨ since (i.e. "for that reason") ⑩ suffix indicating higher social standing
上げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to do up (one's hair) ③ to fly (a kite, etc.), to launch (fireworks, etc.), to surface (a submarine, etc.) ④ to land (a boat) ⑤ to show someone (into a room) ⑥ (uk) to summon (for geishas, etc.) ⑦ to send someone (away) ⑧ to enrol (one's child in school) (enroll) ⑨ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑩ to make (a loud sound), to raise (one's voice) ⑪ to earn (something desirable) ⑫ to praise ⑬ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑭ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑮ to arrest ⑯ to nominate ⑰ to give ⑱ to offer up (incense, a prayer, etc.) to the gods (or Buddha, etc.) ⑲ to bear (a child) ⑳ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding) ○ (of the tide) to come in ○ to vomit ○ (after the -te form of a verb) to do for (the sake of someone else) ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to complete ○ used after the -masu stem of a humble verb to increase the level of humility
食べる 【たべる】to eat
新聞 【しんぶん】newspaper
人 【じん】① -ian (e.g. Italian, etc.) (attaches to name of country to denote nationality), -er (e.g. performer, etc.) (attaches to name of occupation) ② (usu. in compound words) man, person, people
水 【みず】water (cold, fresh)
先 【さき】① previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding ② point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle ③ head (of a line), front ④ ahead, the other side ⑤ the future, hereafter ⑥ destination ⑦ the other party
先生 【せんせい】① teacher, master, doctor ② with names of teachers, etc. as an honorific
前 【まえ】① ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour) ② in front (of), before (e.g. the house) ③ head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part ④ in the presence of ⑤ helping, portion ⑥ privates, private parts
足 【あし】① foot ② leg ③ gait ④ pace
大人 【おとな】adult
男 【おとこ】man
男の子 【おとこのこ】boy, male child, baby boy
中 【なか】① inside, in ② among, within ③ center (centre), middle ④ during, while
長い 【ながい】① long (distance) ② long (time), lengthy
天気 【てんき】① weather, the elements ② fair weather, fine weather
電話 【でんわ】telephone
道 【みち】① road, street, way, path, course, route, lane ② distance, ways (e.g. "a long ways") ③ the way (of proper conduct, etc.), one's way, morals ④ teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma ⑤ field (of medicine, etc.), subject ⑥ way, method, means
読む 【よむ】to read
二つ 【ふたつ】two
入る 【はいる】① to enter ② to break into ③ to join, to enroll ④ to contain, to hold, to accommodate ⑤ to have (an income of)
入れる 【いれる】① to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.) ② to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire ③ to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to ④ to include ⑤ to pay (one's rent, etc.) ⑥ to cast (a vote) ⑦ to make (tea, coffee, etc.) ⑧ to turn on (a switch, etc.) ⑨ to send (a fax), to call
買う 【かう】① to buy ② to value, to have a high opinion ③ to stir, to provoke
白い 【しろい】white
半分 【はんぶん】half
分 【ふん】minute
本 【ほん】① book, volume ② main, head, this, our, present, real ③ counter for long cylindrical things
毎日 【まいにち】every day
名前 【なまえ】① name, full name ② given name, first name
木 【き】tree, wood, timber
来る 【くる】① to come (spatially or temporally), to approach, to arrive ② to come back, to do ... and come back ③ to come to be, to become, to get, to grow, to continue ④ to come from, to be caused by, to derive from ⑤ to come to (i.e. "when it comes to spinach ...")
話す 【はなす】to speak
何 【なに】① what ② how many (some counter)
何 【なん】① what ② how many (some counter)
行く 【いく】① to go ② to proceed, to take place ③ to die, to pass away ④ to continue
今日 【きょう】today, this day
今年 【ことし】this year
四 【よん】four
人 【ひと】① man, person ② human being, mankind, people ③ character, personality ④ man of talent, true man ⑤ other people ⑥ adult
店 【みせ】store, shop, establishment
万 【まん】① 10,000, ten thousand ② myriads ③ everything, all
言う 【いう】① to say ② to call (i.e. to give a name)
聞く 【きく】① to hear ② to listen (e.g. to music) ③ to ask, to enquire, to query
立つ 【たつ】① to stand, to rise, to stand up ② to find oneself (e.g. in a difficult position) ③ to depart (on a plane, train, etc.)
話 【はなし】① talk, speech, chat, story, conversation ② discussions, negotiation, argument
目 【め】① eye, eyeball ② eyesight ③ look ④ experience ⑤ viewpoint ⑥ ordinal number suffix ⑦ somewhat, -ish
分かる 【わかる】① to be understood, to be comprehended, to be grasped ② to become clear, to be known, to be discovered, to be realized, to be realised, to be found out
母さん 【かあさん】mother
ですpolite copula in Japanese
時 【じ】① hour, o'clock ② (specified) time, when ..., during ...
日 【にち】① Sunday ② day (of the month) ③ counter for days
年 【ねん】① year (e.g. AD) ② counter for years
いるauxillary verb for continuing action or state
人 【にん】① counter for people ② (usu. in compound words) person
悪い 【わるい】① bad, poor, inferior ② evil, sinful ③ unprofitable, unbeneficial ④ at fault, to blame, in the wrong ⑤ sorry
意味 【いみ】meaning, significance
医者 【いしゃ】(medical) doctor, physician
引く 【ひく】① to pull ② to draw (attention, etc.), to attract (interest, etc.) ③ to draw back ④ to draw (a card) ⑤ to draw (plan, line, etc.) ⑥ to catch (cold) ⑦ to play (string instr.) ⑧ to look up (e.g. dictionary), to consult ⑨ to haul, to pull (vehicles) ⑩ to subtract ⑪ to ebb, to fade ⑫ to descend (from), to inherit (a characteristic) ⑬ to quote, to raise (as evidence) ⑭ to lay (a cable), to draw (a cable)
音楽 【おんがく】music, musical movement
家 【いえ】① house, residence, dwelling ② family, household ③ lineage, family name
家族 【かぞく】family, members of a family
海 【うみ】sea, beach
顔 【かお】face (person)
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
起きる 【おきる】① to get up, to rise ② to wake up ③ to occur (usu. of unfavourable incidents), to happen, to take place
強い 【つよい】① strong, powerful, mighty, potent ② resistant, resilient, durable
近く 【ちかく】① near, neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity ② nearly (i.e. "it took nearly one year"), close to ③ shortly, soon
軽い 【かるい】① light (i.e. not heavy), feeling light (i.e. offering little resistance, moving easily) ② light (i.e. of foot), nimble, agile ③ non-serious, minor, unimportant, trivial ④ slight, small, gentle, soft ⑤ easy, simple ⑥ indiscriminate
月 【つき】① moon ② month
犬 【いぬ】① dog (Canis (lupus) familiaris) ② snoop (i.e. a detective, a spy, etc.) ③ counterfeit, inferior, useless, wasteful
元気 【げんき】health(y), robust, vigor, vigour, energy, vitality, vim, stamina, spirit, courage, pep
ご飯 【ごはん】① cooked rice ② meal
好き 【すき】liking, fondness, love
考える 【かんがえる】to consider, to think about
黒い 【くろい】① black ② dark ③ illicit, wicked, underground
仕事 【しごと】① work, job, business, occupation, employment, vocation, task ② work
使う 【つかう】① to use (a thing, method, etc.), to make use of, to put to use ② to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.), to employ, to handle, to manage, to manipulate ③ to use (time, money, etc.), to spend, to consume ④ to use (language), to speak ⑤ to take (one's lunch), to circulate (bad money)
始まる 【はじまる】to begin
死ぬ 【しぬ】to die
私 【わたし】① I, me ② private affairs, personal matter, secrecy ③ selfishness
持つ 【もつ】① to hold, to carry ② to possess
自分 【じぶん】① myself, yourself, oneself, himself, herself ② I, me
質問 【しつもん】question, inquiry, enquiry
弱い 【よわい】weak, frail, delicate, tender, unskilled, weak (wine)
重い 【おもい】① heavy, massive ② serious, important, severe, oppressed
始め 【はじめ】beginning, start, origin
所 【ところ】① place, spot, scene, site ② address ③ district, area, locality ④ one's house ⑤ point ⑥ part ⑦ space, room ⑧ whereupon, as a result ⑨ (after present form of a verb) about to, on the verge of
暑い 【あつい】hot (weather, etc.), warm
少ない 【すくない】few, a little, scarce, insufficient, seldom
乗る 【のる】① to get on, to ride in, to board, to mount, to get up on ② to spread (paints), to be taken in ③ to share in, to join, to feel like doing, to be mentioned in, to be in harmony with ④ to appear (in print), to be recorded, to be found in (a dictionary)
新しい 【あたらしい】new
声 【こえ】voice
青い 【あおい】① blue, green ② pale ③ unripe, inexperienced
早い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
多い 【おおい】many, numerous
多分 【たぶん】① perhaps, probably ② generous, many, much, great
太い 【ふとい】① fat, thick ② deep (of a voice) ③ daring, shameless, brazen
体 【からだ】① body ② health
待つ 【まつ】① to wait ② to await, to look forward to, to anticipate ③ (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
貸す 【かす】① to lend, to loan ② to rent out, to hire out
大きな 【おおきな】big, large, great
知る 【しる】to know, to understand, to be acquainted with, to feel
池 【いけ】pond
着く 【つく】① to arrive at, to reach ② to sit on, to sit at (e.g. the table)
着る 【きる】① to wear (in modern Japanese, from the shoulders down), to put on ② to bear (guilt, etc.)
度 【ど】① degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.) ② counter for occurrences and times ③ strength (of alcohol)
動物 【どうぶつ】animal
同じ 【おなじ】① same, identical, equal, uniform, equivalent, similar, common (origin), changeless, alike ② (usu. part of a 'nara' conditional) anyway, anyhow, in either case
肉 【にく】① flesh ② meat ③ the physical body (as opposed to the spirit) ④ thickness ⑤ ink pad
売る 【うる】to sell
病院 【びょういん】hospital
病気 【びょうき】illness, disease, sickness
物 【もの】① thing, object ② the natural thing, a frequently done thing ③ used to express emotional involvement ④ used in giving a reason
歩く 【あるく】to walk
方 【ほう】side, direction, way
妹 【いもうと】younger sister
問題 【もんだい】problem, question
旅行 【りょこう】travel, trip
料理 【りょうり】① cooking, cookery, cuisine ② dealing with something, handling, administration, management
頭 【あたま】① head ② mind, brain, intellect ③ top ④ hair (on one's head) ⑤ bangs, fringe ⑥ top structural component of a kanji
明日 【あした】tomorrow
門 【もん】① gate ② branch of learning based on the teachings of a single master ③ (biological) division ④ counter for cannons
思う 【おもう】① to think, to consider, to believe ② to think (of doing), to plan (to do) ③ to judge, to assess, to regard ④ to imagine, to suppose, to dream ⑤ to expect, to look forward to ⑥ to feel, to desire, to want ⑦ to recall, to remember
終わる 【おわる】to finish, to end, to close
作る 【つくる】① to make, to produce, to manufacture, to build, to construct ② to prepare (food), to brew (alcohol) ③ to raise, to grow, to cultivate, to train ④ to till ⑤ to draw up (a document), to make out, to prepare, to write ⑥ to create (an artistic work, etc.), to compose ⑦ to coin (a phrase), to organize, to organise, to establish, to found ⑧ to have (a child) ⑨ to make up (one's face, etc.) ⑩ to fabricate (an excuse, etc.) ⑪ to form (a line, etc.) ⑫ to set (a record) ⑬ to commit (a sin, etc.)
町 【まち】① town, block, neighbourhood, neighborhood ② street, road ③ 109.09 m ④ 0.99 hectares
赤 【あか】① red, crimson, scarlet ② red-containing colour (e.g. brown, pink, orange) ③ red light ④ red ink (i.e. in finance or proof-reading), (in) the red ⑤ complete, total, perfect, obvious
屋 【や】① (something) shop ② somebody who sells (something) or works as (something) ③ somebody with a (certain) personality trait ④ house ⑤ roof
小さな 【ちいさな】small, little, tiny
一番 【いちばん】① best, first, number one ② game, round, bout, fall, event (in a meet)
荷物 【にもつ】① luggage, baggage ② burden ③ payload (of a packet, cell, etc.)
階 【かい】① stories, storeys ② counter for storeys and floors of a building
君 【きみ】you, buddy, pal
公園 【こうえん】(public) park
取る 【とる】① to take, to pick up, to harvest, to earn, to choose ② to steal ③ to eat, to have (a meal) ④ to remove (one's glasses, etc.)
消える 【きえる】to go out, to vanish, to disappear
登る 【のぼる】① to ascend, to go up, to climb ② to ascend (as a natural process, e.g. the sun), to rise ③ to go to (the capital) ④ to be promoted ⑤ to add up to ⑥ to advance (in price) ⑦ to swim up (a river), to sail up ⑧ to come up (on the agenda)
速い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
返す 【かえす】① to return (something), to restore, to put back ② to pay back, to retaliate, to reciprocate
方 【かた】① direction, way ② person, lady, gentleman ③ method of, manner of, way of ④ care of .. ⑤ person in charge of .. ⑥ side (e.g. "on my mother's side")
本当 【ほんとう】truth, reality
面白い 【おもしろい】interesting, amusing
弟 【おとうと】younger brother
両親 【りょうしん】parents, both parents
本当に 【ほんとうに】really, truly
番 【ばん】① number (in a series) ② (one's) turn ③ watch, guard, lookout ④ bout, match (sumo)
お腹 【おなか】stomach
違う 【ちがう】① to differ (from), to vary ② to not be in the usual condition ③ to not match the correct (answer, etc.) ④ to be different from promised
一緒 【いっしょ】① together ② at the same time ③ same, identical
奥さん 【おくさん】wife, your wife, his wife, married lady, madam
皆 【みな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
皆 【みんな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
皆さん 【みなさん】all, everyone, everybody
階段 【かいだん】stairs, stairway, staircase
覚える 【おぼえる】① to remember, to recollect, to memorize, to memorise ② to feel
危ない 【あぶない】① dangerous, risky, hazardous, perilous, precarious ② in danger, in jeopardy, critical, grave, at risk ③ uncertain, unreliable, insecure, unsteady, doubtful ④ close (i.e. a close call), narrow ⑤ look out!, watch out!
狭い 【せまい】narrow, confined, small
結構 【けっこう】① splendid, nice, wonderful, delicious, sweet ② sufficient, fine (in the sense of "I'm fine"), (by implication) no thank you ③ well enough, OK, tolerable ④ reasonably, fairly, tolerably
結婚 【けっこん】marriage
個 【こ】① counter for articles ② counter for military units ③ individual
呼ぶ 【よぶ】① to call out (to), to call, to invoke ② to summon (a doctor, etc.) ③ to invite ④ to designate, to name, to brand ⑤ to garner (support, etc.), to gather
困る 【こまる】to be troubled, to be worried, to be bothered, to be embarrassed, to be stumped
歳 【さい】① -years-old ② ability, gift, talent, aptitude, genius
財布 【さいふ】purse, handbag, wallet
子供 【こども】child, children
初めて 【はじめて】① for the first time ② only after ... is it ..., only when ... do you ...
寝る 【ねる】① to lie down ② to go to bed, to lie in bed ③ to sleep (lying down) ④ to sleep (with someone, i.e. have intercourse) ⑤ to lie idle
辛い 【つらい】painful, bitter, heart-breaking
静か 【しずか】quiet, peaceful
掃除 【そうじ】cleaning, sweeping
窓 【まど】window
大変 【たいへん】① very, greatly ② immense, enormous, great ③ serious, grave, dreadful, terrible ④ difficult, hard
置く 【おく】① to put, to place ② to leave (behind) ③ to do something in advance (usu. following te-form verb)
渡す 【わたす】① to ferry across (a river, etc.), to carry across, to traverse ② to lay across, to build across ③ to hand over, to hand in, to pass, to give, to transfer
難しい 【むずかしい】difficult
猫 【ねこ】① cat ② shamisen ③ geisha ④ wheelbarrow ⑤ clay bed-warmer
彼 【かれ】① he, him ② boyfriend
必要 【ひつよう】① necessary, needed, essential, indispensable ② necessity, need, requirement
並ぶ 【ならぶ】① to line up, to stand in a line ② to rival, to match, to equal
友達 【ともだち】friend, companion
欲しい 【ほしい】① wanted, wished for, in need of, desired ② (after the -te form of a verb) I want (you) to
頼む 【たのむ】① to request, to beg, to ask ② to call, to order, to reserve ③ to entrust to ④ to rely on
可愛い 【かわいい】① cute, adorable, charming, lovely, pretty ② dear, precious, darling, pet ③ cute little, tiny
ころ① (approximate) time, around, about, toward ② suitable time (or condition) ③ time of year, season
いいえ① no, nay ② well, er, why
匹 【ひき】① counter for small animals ② counter for rolls of cloth (two han in size) ③ roll of cloth
ありがとうThank you
良い 【いい】① good, excellent, fine, nice, pleasant, agreeable ② sufficient (can be used to turn down an offer), ready, prepared ③ profitable (e.g. deal, business offer, etc.), beneficial ④ OK
良く 【よく】① nicely, properly, well, skillfully ② frequently, often
達 【たち】pluralizing suffix (esp. for people & animals; formerly honorific)
何方 【どなた】who?
掛かる 【かかる】① to take ② to hang ③ to come into view, to arrive ④ to come under (a contract, a tax) ⑤ to start (engines, motors) ⑥ to attend, to deal with, to handle ⑦ to have started to, to be on the verge of ⑧ to overlap (e.g. information in a manual), to cover ⑨ to (come) at ⑩ to be fastened ⑪ to be covered (e.g. with dust, a table-cloth, etc.) ⑫ to be caught in ⑬ to get a call ⑭ to depend on
幾ら 【いくら】how much?, how many?
嫌い 【きらい】① dislike, hate ② suspicion, tendency, smack (of)
撮る 【とる】to take (a photo), to make (a film)
大丈夫 【だいじょうぶ】safe, all right, OK, okay
沢山 【たくさん】many, a lot, much
誰 【だれ】who
僕 【ぼく】① I, me ② you (used addressing young children) ③ manservant
なぜwhy, how
丈夫 【じょうぶ】healthy, robust, strong, solid, durable
風邪 【かぜ】cold (illness), common cold
嫌 【いや】disagreeable, detestable, unpleasant, reluctant
あのthat (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
あれ① that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly) ② that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors) ③ hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh? ④ that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
こちら① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
こっち① this way (direction close to the speaker or towards the speaker), this direction ② here (place close to the speaker or where the speaker is) ③ this one (something physically close to the speaker) ④ I, me ⑤ this person (someone physically close to the speaker and of equal or higher status)
そちら① that way (direction distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ② there (place distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ③ that one (something close to the listener) ④ you, your family ⑤ that person (someone close to the listener)
そっち① that way (direction distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ② there (place distant from the speaker, close to the listener) ③ that one (something close to the listener) ④ you, your family ⑤ that person (someone close to the listener)
その① that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the ② um..., er..., uh...
それ① that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it ② that time, then
とても① very, awfully, exceedingly ② (before a negative form) (not) at all, by no means, simply (cannot)
どうhow, in what way, how about
どっち① which way, which direction, where ② which one (esp. of two alternatives) ③ who
やる① to do ② to have sexual intercourse ③ to kill ④ to give (to inferiors, animals, etc.) ⑤ to do for (inferiors) ⑥ to send (e.g. somebody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g. letter) (despatch) ⑦ to move (something to), to row (a boat) ⑧ (used in place of other verb) to have (eat, drink, smoke), to study, to run or operate (a restaurant)
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
ちょっと① just a minute, short time, just a little ② somewhat, easily, readily, rather ③ (before a verb in negative form) (will not) easily ④ hey!
いつwhen, how soon
いつも① always, usually, every time ② never (with neg. verb)
くれるto give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
ここ① here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place ② these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker) ③ these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
ことthing, matter, fact, circumstances, business, reason, experience
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
それでは① well then ... ② in that situation, in which case
どうしてwhy?, for what reason, how, in what way, for what purpose, what for
うるさい① noisy, loud ② fussy ③ annoying, troublesome, tiresome, importunate ④ bossy
しかしhowever, but
またagain, and, also, still (doing something)
まだ① as yet, hitherto, still ② not yet (with negative verb)
もちろんof course, certainly, naturally
どこ① where, what place ② how much (long, far), what extent
このthis (something or someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or ideas expressed by the speaker)
きれい① pretty, lovely, beautiful, fair ② clean, clear, pure, tidy, neat ③ completely, entirely
よう① (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) appearing ..., looking ... ② (usu. after the -masu stem of a verb) way to ..., method of ...ing ③ (usu. after a noun) form, style, design ④ (usu. after a noun) like, similar to ⑤ thing (thought or spoken)
つけるto turn on, to switch on, to light up
もう一度 【もういちど】once more, again
そこ① there (place relatively near listener) ② there (place just mentioned), that place ③ then (of some incident just spoken of), that (of point just raised)
これ① this (indicating an item near the speaker, the action of the speaker, or the current topic) ② this person (usu. indicating someone in one's in-group) ③ now
あんなsuch (about something or someone distant from both speaker and listener, or about a situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener), so, that, sort of
いらっしゃる① to come, to go, to be (somewhere) ② (after a -te form, or the particle "de") is (doing), are (doing)
うん① yeah, uh huh ② some (at the start of a number in place of a digit)
だからso, therefore
ちゃんsuffix for familiar person
そろそろ① gradually, steadily, quietly, slowly ② soon, momentarily, before long, any time now
上がる 【あがる】① to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised ② to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in ③ to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade ④ to get out (of water), to come ashore ⑤ to increase ⑥ to improve, to make progress ⑦ to be promoted, to advance ⑧ to be made (of profit, etc.) ⑨ to occur (esp. of a favourable result) ⑩ to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.) ⑪ to be finished, to be done, to be over ⑫ (of rain) to stop, to lift ⑬ to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die ⑭ to win (in a card game, etc.) ⑮ to be arrested ⑯ to turn up (of evidence, etc.) ⑰ to be deep fried ⑱ to be spoken loudly ⑲ to get stage fright ⑳ to be offered (to the gods, etc.) ○ to go, to visit ○ to eat, to drink ○ to be listed (as a candidate) ○ to serve (in one's master's home) ○ (in Kyoto) to go north ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) indicates completion
なさいdo (imperative form often used after ~masu base of verbs)
安心 【あんしん】relief, peace of mind
以上 【いじょう】① not less than, ... and more, ... and upwards ② beyond ... (e.g. one's means), further (e.g. nothing further to say), more than ... (e.g. cannot pay more than that) ③ above-mentioned, foregoing ④ since ..., seeing that ... ⑤ this is all, that is the end, the end
運動 【うんどう】motion, exercise
家 【うち】① house, home (one's own) ② (one's) family, (one's) household
火事 【かじ】fire, conflagration
間に合う 【まにあう】① to be in time for ② to serve (suit, meet) the purpose, to be good enough, to be enough
帰り 【かえり】return, coming back
気 【き】① spirit, mind, heart ② nature, disposition ③ motivation, intention ④ mood, feelings ⑤ atmosphere, essence
起こす 【おこす】to raise, to cause, to wake someone
急 【きゅう】① urgent, sudden, abrupt ② sharp, steep, precipitous ③ rapid, swift, fast ④ emergency, crisis ⑤ hurrying, haste ⑥ (in gagaku or noh) end of a song
急ぐ 【いそぐ】to hurry, to rush, to hasten, to make something happen sooner
金持ち 【かねもち】rich man
見える 【みえる】① to be seen, to be in sight ② to look, to seem, to appear ③ to come
見物 【けんぶつ】sightseeing, sightseer, watching, watcher
好く 【すく】to like, to love, to be fond of
今度 【こんど】now, this time, next time, another time
始める 【はじめる】① to start, to begin, to commence, to initiate, to originate ② to open (e.g. a store), to start up, to establish (business. etc.) ③ to start (doing something), to begin to ...
子 【こ】① child ② young (animal) ③ young woman, young geisha ④ offshoot ⑤ interest ⑥ new shares ⑦ (after a noun or -masu stem) -er (often of young women)
上手い 【うまい】① skillful, clever, expert, wise, successful ② delicious, appetizing, appetising ③ fortunate, splendid, promising
止める 【とめる】① to stop (something or someone), to turn off ② to concentrate on, to pay attention to ③ to remember, to bear in mind ④ to fix into place ⑤ to park, to leave somewhere for a time
止める 【やめる】to end, to stop, to cease, to resign
時代 【じだい】① period, epoch, era, age ② the times, those days ③ oldness, ancientness, antiquity ④ antique, period piece
出発 【しゅっぱつ】departure
少年 【しょうねん】boys, juveniles
場合 【ばあい】case, situation
心 【こころ】① mind, heart, spirit ② the meaning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
世話 【せわ】looking after, help, aid, assistance
生きる 【いきる】to live, to exist
赤ちゃん 【あかちゃん】baby, infant
説明 【せつめい】explanation, exposition
足りる 【たりる】① to be sufficient, to be enough ② to be worth doing, to be worthy ③ to be sufficient, to answer, to do
太る 【ふとる】to grow fat (stout, plump), to become fat, to gain weight
大事 【だいじ】important, valuable, serious matter
大体 【だいたい】general, substantially, outline, main point, approximately, about
通う 【かよう】① to go back and forth, to ply between ② to commute, to attend (school, church, etc.)
通り 【とおり】avenue, street, way
都合 【つごう】circumstances, condition, convenience
動く 【うごく】① to move, to stir, to shift, to shake, to swing ② to operate, to run, to go, to work ③ to be touched, to be influenced ④ to change, to vary, to fluctuate, to waver ⑤ certain, factual ⑥ to be transferred
特に 【とくに】particularly, especially
日 【ひ】① day, days ② sun, sunshine, sunlight ③ case (esp. unfortunate), event
入院 【にゅういん】hospitalization, hospitalisation
別 【べつ】distinction, difference, different, another, particular, separate, extra, exception
用意 【ようい】preparation
力 【ちから】① force, strength, might, vigour (vigor), energy ② capability, ability, proficiency, capacity, faculty ③ efficacy, effect ④ effort, endeavours (endeavors), exertions ⑤ power, authority, influence, good offices, agency ⑥ support, help, aid, assistance ⑦ stress, emphasis ⑧ means, resources
一度 【いちど】① once, one time, on one occasion ② temporarily, for a moment ③ one degree, one tone, one musical interval
夕飯 【ゆうはん】evening meal
行う 【おこなう】to perform, to do, to conduct oneself, to carry out
代わり 【かわり】① substitute, deputy, proxy, alternate, relief, compensation, second helping ② in place of, as a substitute for
聞こえる 【きこえる】① to be heard, to be audible ② to be said to be, to be reputed
気持ち 【きもち】feeling, sensation, mood
仕方 【しかた】way, method, means, resource, course
回る 【まわる】① to turn, to revolve ② to visit several places ③ to function well ④ to pass a certain time
見つかる 【みつかる】to be found, to be discovered
見つける 【みつける】① to discover, to find (e.g. an error in a book), to come across, to detect ② to locate, to find (e.g. something missing), to find fault ③ to be used to seeing, to be familiar with
代 【だい】① charge, cost, price ② generation, age, reign ③ (geological) era ④ (after someone's name or title) a representative of, on behalf of, for (someone) ⑤ used after a phone number to indicate that it is a switchboard number ⑥ counter for decades of ages, eras, etc. ⑦ counter for generations (of inheritors to a throne, etc.) ⑧ proxy application company
安全 【あんぜん】① safety ② security
泣く 【なく】to cry, to weep, to sob, to howl
君 【くん】Mr (junior), master, boy
決して 【けっして】never, by no means, decidedly, indisputably
決める 【きめる】to decide
血 【ち】blood, consanguinity
港 【みなと】harbour, harbor, port
坂 【さか】slope, hill
参る 【まいる】① to go, to come, to call ② to be defeated, to collapse, to die ③ to be annoyed, to be nonplussed ④ to be madly in love ⑤ to visit (shrine, grave)
残る 【のこる】to remain, to be left
自由 【じゆう】freedom, liberty, as it pleases you
手伝う 【てつだう】to help, to assist, to take part in
受ける 【うける】① to receive, to accept, to get, to inherit ② to catch (e.g. a ball), to parry (e.g. a blow), to take (lesson, test, damage), to sustain (damage), to incur (loss) ③ to become popular, to be well-received, to go down well
焼く 【やく】① to bake, to grill ② to develop (photos) ③ to suntan ④ to burn (in flames, down, CD, DVD, etc.), to scorch ⑤ to be jealous, to be envious
心配 【しんぱい】① worry, concern, anxiety ② care, help, aid, assistance
申し上げる 【もうしあげる】① to say, to tell, to state ② to do for
進む 【すすむ】① to advance, to go forward ② to precede, to go ahead (of) ③ to make progress, to improve ④ to deepen, to heighten ⑤ to do of one's own free will
相談 【そうだん】consultation, discussion
打つ 【うつ】① to hit (something inanimate), to strike, to beat (on something) ② to type, to tap (e.g. a key) ③ to inject ④ to indulge in gambling ⑤ to visit (on a pilgrimage)
調べる 【しらべる】to examine, to investigate, to check up, to sense, to study, to inquire, to search
島 【しま】① island ② territory (of a prostitute, organized crime gang, etc.), turf
湯 【ゆ】① hot water ② hot bath, hot spring
日記 【にっき】diary, journal
反対 【はんたい】opposition, resistance, antagonism, hostility, contrast, objection, dissension, reverse, opposite, vice versa
番組 【ばんぐみ】program (e.g. TV), programme
美しい 【うつくしい】beautiful, lovely
負ける 【まける】to lose, to be defeated
無理 【むり】unreasonable, impossible, overdoing
役に立つ 【やくにたつ】to be helpful, to be useful
遊び 【あそび】① playing ② play (margin between on and off, gap before pressing button or lever has an effect)
予定 【よてい】plans, arrangement, schedule, program, programme, expectation, estimate
様 【さま】① Mr, Mrs or Ms ② used (gen. in fixed expressions) to make words more polite ③ manner, kind, appearance
落ちる 【おちる】① to fall down, to drop ② to fail (e.g. exam) ③ to crash, to degenerate, to degrade ④ to fade, to come out (e.g. a stain)
選ぶ 【えらぶ】to choose, to select
落とす 【おとす】① to drop, to lose, to let fall ② to clean off (dirt, makeup, paint, etc.), to remove (e.g. stains) ③ to download
決まる 【きまる】① to be decided, to be settled ② to look good in (clothes)
全て 【すべて】all, the whole, entirely, in general, wholly, overall
確か 【たしか】① certain, sure, definite ② if I'm not mistaken, if I remember correctly
直す 【なおす】① to cure, to heal ② to fix, to correct, to repair ③ to do over again (after -masu base of verb) ④ to replace, to put back as it was ⑤ to convert (into a different state), to transform
船 【ふね】① ship, boat, watercraft, vessel, steamship ② tank, tub, vat, trough ③ counter for boat-shaped containers (e.g. of sashimi)
向かう 【むかう】① to face ② to go towards
島 【とう】island (in placenames)
一杯 【いっぱい】① amount necessary to fill a container (e.g. a cupful, spoonful, etc.), a drink (i.e. an alcoholic beverage) ② full ③ one squid, octopus, crab, etc., one boat ④ fully, to capacity ⑤ a lot, much ⑥ all of ..., the entire ...
掛ける 【かける】① to hang (e.g. picture), to hoist (e.g. sail), to raise (e.g. flag) ② to sit ③ to be partway (verb), to begin (but not complete) ④ to take (time, money), to expend (money, time, etc.) ⑤ to make (a call) ⑥ to multiply ⑦ to secure (e.g. lock) ⑧ to put on (glasses, etc.) ⑨ to cover ⑩ to burden someone ⑪ to apply (insurance) ⑫ to turn on (an engine, etc.), to set (a dial, an alarm clock, etc.) ⑬ to put an effect (spell, anaesthetic, etc.) on ⑭ to hold an emotion for (pity, hope, etc.) ⑮ to bind ⑯ to pour (or sprinkle, spray, etc.) onto ⑰ to argue (in court), to deliberate (in a meeting), to present (e.g. idea to a conference, etc.) ⑱ to increase further ⑲ to catch (in a trap, etc.) ⑳ to set atop ○ to erect (a makeshift building) ○ to hold (a play, festival, etc.) ○ (after -masu stem of verb) indicates (verb) is being directed to (someone)
関係 【かんけい】relation, connection
危険 【きけん】① danger, peril, hazard ② dangerous, hazardous
喜ぶ 【よろこぶ】① to be delighted, to be glad, to be pleased ② to congratulate ③ to gratefully accept
祈る 【いのる】to pray, to wish
最近 【さいきん】latest, most recent, nowadays
最後 【さいご】① last, end, conclusion ② (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga") no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences)
最初 【さいしょ】beginning, outset, first, onset
済む 【すむ】① to finish, to end, to be completed ② to merely result in something less severe than expected ③ to feel at ease ④ (neg) to feel unease or guilt for troubling someone, to be sorry
市民 【しみん】citizen, townspeople
事故 【じこ】① accident, incident, trouble ② circumstances, reasons
捨てる 【すてる】to throw away, to cast aside, to abandon, to resign, to break up with (someone)
習慣 【しゅうかん】custom, habit, manners
準備 【じゅんび】preparation, setup, arrangements, provision, reserve
女性 【じょせい】① woman, female ② feminine gender
承知 【しょうち】① acknowledgment, acknowledgement, awareness ② consent, acceptance, assent, admitting, compliance, agreement
笑う 【わらう】① to laugh ② to smile ③ to sneer, to ridicule
紹介 【しょうかい】introduction, referral
席 【せき】① seat ② location (of a gathering, etc.), place ③ position, post
赤ん坊 【あかんぼう】baby
折れる 【おれる】to break, to be folded, to give in, to turn (a corner)
専門 【せんもん】speciality, specialty, subject of study, expert
続く 【つづく】① to continue, to last, to go on ② to be unbroken ③ to occur again and again ④ to lead to, to connect to
地震 【じしん】earthquake
恥ずかしい 【はずかしい】shy, ashamed, embarrassed
盗む 【ぬすむ】to steal
逃げる 【にげる】to escape, to run away
必ず 【かならず】always, without exception, necessarily, certainly, without fail, positively, invariably
普通 【ふつう】① general, ordinary, usual ② normally, generally, usually ③ train that stops at every station
払う 【はらう】① to pay ② to brush, to wipe
壁 【かべ】① wall, barrier ② Chinese "Wall" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
変 【へん】① strange, odd, peculiar, weird, curious, queer, eccentric, funny, suspicious, fishy ② unexpected ③ change ④ incident, disturbance, disaster, accident ⑤ flat (music)
変わる 【かわる】to change, to be transformed, to vary, to be revised, to be different, to move location
暮れる 【くれる】to get dark, to end, to come to an end, to close, to run out
戻る 【もどる】to turn back, to return, to go back, to recover, to rebound
連れる 【つれる】to lead, to take (a person)
連絡 【れんらく】① to contact, to get in touch ② contacting, getting in touch, communication, call, message ③ connection, coordination, junction ④ intercalary, intercalaris, internuncial
腕 【うで】① arm ② skill
捕まえる 【つかまえる】to catch, to arrest, to seize
治る 【なおる】to be cured, to get well, to be healed
増える 【ふえる】to increase, to multiply
お祝い 【おいわい】congratulation, congratulations, celebration, festival, congratulatory gift
背 【せ】① back, spine ② reverse, rear side ③ height ④ ridge (of a mountain)
為 【ため】① good, advantage, benefit, welfare ② sake, purpose, objective, aim ③ consequence, result, effect ④ affecting, regarding, concerning
壊れる 【こわれる】① to be broken, to break ② to fall through, to come to nothing
頑張る 【がんばる】to persist, to insist on, to stand firm, to try one's best
嬉しい 【うれしい】happy, glad, pleasant
厳しい 【きびしい】① severe, strict, rigid, unsparing, relentless ② stern, austere, grave, solemn, majestic ③ intense (cold)
故障 【こしょう】break-down, failure, fault, accident, out of order
邪魔 【じゃま】hindrance, intrusion
騒ぐ 【さわぐ】① to make noise, to make racket, to be noisy ② to rustle, to swoosh ③ to make merry ④ to clamor, to clamour, to make a fuss, to kick up a fuss ⑤ to lose one's cool, to panic, to act flustered ⑥ to feel tense, to be uneasy, to be excited
注射 【ちゅうしゃ】injection
揺れる 【ゆれる】to shake, to sway
ご馳走 【ごちそう】① feast, treating (someone) ② to treat (someone, e.g. to a meal)
きっとsurely, undoubtedly, almost certainly, most likely (e.g. 90 percent)
こう① in this way (used for something or someone close to the speaker, including the speaker himself, or for the opinions of the speaker), thus, such ② uh... (interjection used as a verbal pause)
これからafter this
それでand, thereupon, because of that
それほどto that degree, extent
ちっともnot at all (neg. verb)
もしif, in case, supposing
やっぱりalso, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
おかしいstrange, funny, amusing, ridiculous
いじめるto tease, to torment, to persecute, to chastise
しまうto finish, to close, to do something completely, to put away, to put an end to
すごい① terrible, dreadful ② amazing (e.g. of strength), great (e.g. of skills), wonderful, terrific ③ to a great extent, vast (in numbers)
なるべくas much as possible, wherever practicable
つもり① intention, plan ② conviction, belief
はず① expectation that something took place, will take place or was in some state, it should be so, bound to be, expected to be, must be ② nock (of a bow) ③ nock (of an arrow) ④ nock-shaped grip (between thumb and forefinger) (Sumo)
もらう① to receive, to take, to accept ② to get somebody to do something (follows a verb in "te" form)
わけconclusion from reasoning, judgement or calculation based on something read or heard, reason, cause, meaning, circumstances, situation
まま① as it is, as one likes, because, as ② condition, state
しっかりfirmly, tightly, reliable, level-headed, steady
なかなか① very, considerably, easily, readily, fairly, quite, highly, rather ② by no means (with negative verb)
のど① throat ② singing voice
ひどいcruel, awful, severe, very bad, serious, terrible, heavy, violent
もうすぐvery soon
お前 【おまえ】① you (masc) (formerly honorific, now sometimes derog. term referring to an equal or inferior) ② presence (of a god, nobleman, etc.)
こんなにso, like this, in this way
するとthereupon, hereupon
ずっと① continuously in some state (for a long time, distance), throughout, all along, the whole time, all the way ② much (better, etc.), by far, far and away ③ far away, long ago ④ direct, straight
ちゃんとperfectly, properly, exactly
だって① after all, because ② but, however ③ even, even if ④ too, as well, also ⑤ they say, I hear, you mean
なんかthings like ..., or something like that ... (often derogatory)
ぴったりexactly, neatly, sharp
まあyou might say, Oh!, Wow!, Well!
何とか 【なんとか】① something, something or other, so-and-so ② somehow, anyhow, one way or another
外す 【はずす】① to unfasten, to undo ② to remove, to take off, to deinstall ③ to leave, to step out, to slip away ④ to miss (a target)
間もなく 【まもなく】① soon, before long, in a short time ② (after verb) lacking time to ..., without time to ...
金 【きん】① gold, golden (color), metaphor for (most) valuable, gold (medal, cup) ② money (written before an amount) ③ Friday ④ metal (fourth of the five elements) ⑤ Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE) ⑥ gold general (shogi) ⑦ karat, carat
今に 【いまに】before long, even now
上 【じょう】① from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of ② aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above ③ first volume (e.g. book) ④ superior quality, best, top, high class ⑤ going up ⑥ governmental, imperial ⑦ presenting, showing
人間 【にんげん】① human being, man, person ② character (of a person)
先日 【せんじつ】the other day, a few days ago
大した 【たいした】considerable, great, important, significant, a big deal
友 【とも】friend, companion, pal
来 【らい】① next (year, etc.) ② since (last month, etc.)
食う 【くう】① to eat ② to live, to make a living, to survive ③ to bite, to sting (as insects do) ④ to tease, to torment, to taunt, to make light of, to make fun of ⑤ to encroach on, to eat into, to consume ⑥ to defeat a superior, to threaten a position ⑦ to consume time and-or resources ⑧ to have sexual relations with a woman, esp. for the first time
何で 【なんで】① why?, what for? ② how?, by what means?
中 【ちゅう】① medium, average, middle ② moderation ③ middle school ④ China ⑤ in, out of (e.g. three out of ten people) ⑥ during (a certain time when one did or is doing something), under (construction, etc.), while
どうかplease, somehow or other