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Soseki’s "Ten Nights of Dreams"

Intermediate/advanced vocabulary from Natsume Soseki’s "Ten Nights of Dreams." JLPT levels 0-2 only.

First 500 entries [show all] — Created by Ryan M. — Last modified: 2015-03-10 11:31:57
こんなsuch (about something/someone close to the speaker (including the speaker), or about ideas expressed by the speaker), like this
さあcome, come now
さん① Mr, Mrs, Miss or Ms ② honorific used with occupational titles
じゃ① then, well, so, well then ② combination of 'de' and 'wa' particles ③ plain copula
そう① so, really, seeming ② (after masu stem and adj-stem) appearing that, seeming that, looking like, having the appearance of
そんなsuch (about the actions of the listener, or about ideas expressed or understood by the listener), like that, that sort of
ではthen, well, so, well then
でも① but, however, still, yet, although, even though ② even, even if ③ or something
どうも① thanks ② much (thanks), very (sorry), quite (regret) ③ quite, really ④ somehow ⑤ no matter how hard one may try ⑥ greetings, hello, goodbye
はい① yes ② OK (used to get attention prior to an utterance), okay ③ giddy-up, giddap
もう① already, anymore ② soon, shortly ③ more, further, other, again ④ interjection used to strengthen expression of an emotion (often exasperation)
一 【いち】① one ② best in, the most (...) in (where an adjective follows)
一つ 【ひとつ】① one ② for one thing (often used in itemized lists) ③ (after a noun) only ④ (with a verb in negative form) (not) even ⑤ just (i.e. "just try it")
飲む 【のむ】① to drink, to gulp, to swallow ② to smoke (tobacco) ③ to engulf, to overwhelm ④ to keep down, to suppress ⑤ to accept (e.g. demand, condition) ⑥ to make light of, to conceal
右 【みぎ】① right, right hand side ② afore-mentioned (esp. in vertical Japanese writing), foregoing, forgoing, above
雨 【あめ】rain
駅 【えき】station
円 【えん】① Yen, money ② circle
下 【した】① below, down, under ② bottom ③ beneath, underneath ④ just after, right after ⑤ inferiority, one's inferior (i.e. one's junior), younger (e.g. of siblings) ⑥ trade-in ⑦ preliminary, preparatory
花 【はな】① flower, blossom, bloom, petal ② blooming (esp. of cherry blossoms), cherry blossom ③ ikebana ④ Japanese playing cards ⑤ beauty ⑥ (the) best
外 【そと】① outside, exterior ② open air ③ other place
休む 【やすむ】① to be absent, to take a day off ② to rest, to have a break ③ to go to bed, to (lie down to) sleep, to turn in, to retire ④ to stop doing some ongoing activity for a time, to suspend business
金 【かね】① money ② metal
空 【そら】sky, the heavens
見せる 【みせる】to show, to display
見る 【みる】① to see, to look, to watch, to view, to observe ② to look over, to look on, to assess, to examine, to judge ③ to look after, to keep an eye on, to take care of ④ to view (e.g. flowers, movie) ⑤ (usu. after the -te form of a verb) to try
古い 【ふるい】old (not person), aged, ancient, antiquated, stale, threadbare, outmoded, obsolete article
五 【ご】five
五つ 【いつつ】five
午前 【ごぜん】morning, a.m.
後 【あと】① behind, rear ② after, later ③ after one's death ④ remainder, the rest ⑤ descendant, successor, heir ⑥ more (i.e. five more minutes)
口 【くち】① mouth ② opening, hole, gap, orifice ③ mouth (of a bottle), spout, nozzle, mouthpiece ④ gate, door, entrance, exit ⑤ speaking, speech, talk (i.e. gossip) ⑥ taste, palate ⑦ mouth (to feed) ⑧ opening (i.e. vacancy), available position ⑨ invitation, summons ⑩ kind, sort, type ⑪ opening (i.e. beginning) ⑫ counter for mouthfuls, shares (of money), and swords
高い 【たかい】① high, tall ② expensive
今 【いま】now, the present time, just now, soon, immediately, (one) more
左 【ひだり】left, left hand side
三つ 【みっつ】three
山 【やま】① mountain ② pile, heap ③ climax, critical point ④ speculated area covered by an examination
時 【とき】① time, hour ② occasion, moment
耳 【みみ】① ear ② hearing ③ edge, crust ④ selvedge (non-fray machined edge of fabrics), selvage
七 【なな】seven
手 【て】① hand, arm ② handle ③ hand, worker, help ④ trouble, care, effort ⑤ means, way, trick, move, technique, workmanship ⑥ hand, handwriting ⑦ kind, type, sort ⑧ one's hands, one's possession ⑨ ability to cope ⑩ hand (of cards) ⑪ direction
出す 【だす】① to take out, to get out ② to put out, to reveal, to show ③ to submit (e.g. thesis), to turn in ④ to publish, to make public ⑤ to send (e.g. letter) ⑥ to produce (a sound), to start (fire) ⑦ to serve (food) ⑧ to begin
出る 【でる】① to go out, to exit, to leave ② to appear, to come forth, to be published ③ to answer (the phone or door)
出口 【でぐち】exit, gateway, way out, outlet, leak, vent
出来る 【できる】① to be able (in a position) to do, to be up to the task ② to be ready, to be completed ③ to be made, to be built ④ to be good at, to be permitted (to do) ⑤ to become intimate, to take up (with somebody) ⑥ to grow, to be raised
女 【おんな】woman
小さい 【ちいさい】small, little, tiny
少し 【すこし】① small quantity, little, few, something ② little while ③ short distance
上 【うえ】① above, up, over ② top, summit ③ surface, on ④ before, previous ⑤ superiority, one's superior (i.e. one's elder) ⑥ on top of that, besides, what's more ⑦ upon (further inspection, etc.), based on (and occurring after) ⑧ matters concerning..., as concerns ... ⑨ since (i.e. "for that reason") ⑩ suffix indicating higher social standing
人 【じん】① -ian (e.g. Italian, etc.) (attaches to name of country to denote nationality), -er (e.g. performer, etc.) (attaches to name of occupation) ② (usu. in compound words) man, person, people
水 【みず】water (cold, fresh)
西 【にし】west
先 【さき】① previous, prior, former, some time ago, preceding ② point (e.g. pencil), tip, end, nozzle ③ head (of a line), front ④ ahead, the other side ⑤ the future, hereafter ⑥ destination ⑦ the other party
千 【せん】1,000, thousand
前 【まえ】① ago, before (some event), previously, (minutes) to (the hour) ② in front (of), before (e.g. the house) ③ head (of a line), front (e.g. of a bus), fore part ④ in the presence of ⑤ helping, portion ⑥ privates, private parts
足 【あし】① foot ② leg ③ gait ④ pace
大人 【おとな】adult
男 【おとこ】man
中 【なか】① inside, in ② among, within ③ center (centre), middle ④ during, while
長い 【ながい】① long (distance) ② long (time), lengthy
電車 【でんしゃ】(electric) train
東 【ひがし】east
道 【みち】① road, street, way, path, course, route, lane ② distance, ways (e.g. "a long ways") ③ the way (of proper conduct, etc.), one's way, morals ④ teachings (esp. Confucian or Buddhist), dogma ⑤ field (of medicine, etc.), subject ⑥ way, method, means
読む 【よむ】to read
二 【に】two
二つ 【ふたつ】two
入る 【はいる】① to enter ② to break into ③ to join, to enroll ④ to contain, to hold, to accommodate ⑤ to have (an income of)
入れる 【いれる】① to put in, to let in, to take in, to bring in, to insert, to set (a jewel, etc.) ② to admit, to accept, to employ, to hire ③ to accept, to comply, to grant, to adopt (a policy, etc.), to take (advice, etc.), to listen to, to pay attention to ④ to include ⑤ to pay (one's rent, etc.) ⑥ to cast (a vote) ⑦ to make (tea, coffee, etc.) ⑧ to turn on (a switch, etc.) ⑨ to send (a fax), to call
年 【とし】① year ② age
買う 【かう】① to buy ② to value, to have a high opinion ③ to stir, to provoke
白い 【しろい】white
半 【はん】half, semi-
百 【ひゃく】100, hundred
父 【ちち】father
分 【ふん】minute
悪い 【わるい】① bad, poor, inferior ② evil, sinful ③ unprofitable, unbeneficial ④ at fault, to blame, in the wrong ⑤ sorry
暗い 【くらい】① dark, gloomy ② dark (in colour), dull ③ depressed, dispirited ④ sorrowful, bitter (as in a dark past) ⑤ unclear, unfamiliar, unknown
意味 【いみ】meaning, significance
引く 【ひく】① to pull ② to draw (attention, etc.), to attract (interest, etc.) ③ to draw back ④ to draw (a card) ⑤ to draw (plan, line, etc.) ⑥ to catch (cold) ⑦ to play (string instr.) ⑧ to look up (e.g. dictionary), to consult ⑨ to haul, to pull (vehicles) ⑩ to subtract ⑪ to ebb, to fade ⑫ to descend (from), to inherit (a characteristic) ⑬ to quote, to raise (as evidence) ⑭ to lay (a cable), to draw (a cable)
遠い 【とおい】far, distant
家 【いえ】① house, residence, dwelling ② family, household ③ lineage, family name
回 【かい】① counter for occurrences ② counter for innings (baseball)
海 【うみ】sea, beach
開ける 【あける】① to open (a door, etc.), to unwrap (e.g. parcel, package) ② to open (for business, etc.)
寒い 【さむい】① cold (e.g. weather) ② dull, uninteresting, lame
顔 【かお】face (person)
帰る 【かえる】① to return, to come home, to go home, to go back ② (of a guest, customer, etc.) to leave ③ (of a baseball player rounding the bases) to get home
強い 【つよい】① strong, powerful, mighty, potent ② resistant, resilient, durable
教える 【おしえる】to teach, to inform, to instruct
近い 【ちかい】near, close, short (distance)
軽い 【かるい】① light (i.e. not heavy), feeling light (i.e. offering little resistance, moving easily) ② light (i.e. of foot), nimble, agile ③ non-serious, minor, unimportant, trivial ④ slight, small, gentle, soft ⑤ easy, simple ⑥ indiscriminate
月 【つき】① moon ② month
広い 【ひろい】spacious, vast, wide
考える 【かんがえる】to consider, to think about
黒 【くろ】① black ② dark ③ bad guy, 'black hat'
黒い 【くろい】① black ② dark ③ illicit, wicked, underground
有る 【ある】① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
使う 【つかう】① to use (a thing, method, etc.), to make use of, to put to use ② to use (a person, animal, puppet, etc.), to employ, to handle, to manage, to manipulate ③ to use (time, money, etc.), to spend, to consume ④ to use (language), to speak ⑤ to take (one's lunch), to circulate (bad money)
死ぬ 【しぬ】to die
私 【わたし】① I, me ② private affairs, personal matter, secrecy ③ selfishness
持つ 【もつ】① to hold, to carry ② to possess
時計 【とけい】watch, clock, timepiece
自転車 【じてんしゃ】bicycle
自分 【じぶん】① myself, yourself, oneself, himself, herself ② I, me
重い 【おもい】① heavy, massive ② serious, important, severe, oppressed
始め 【はじめ】beginning, start, origin
所 【ところ】① place, spot, scene, site ② address ③ district, area, locality ④ one's house ⑤ point ⑥ part ⑦ space, room ⑧ whereupon, as a result ⑨ (after present form of a verb) about to, on the verge of
乗る 【のる】① to get on, to ride in, to board, to mount, to get up on ② to spread (paints), to be taken in ③ to share in, to join, to feel like doing, to be mentioned in, to be in harmony with ④ to appear (in print), to be recorded, to be found in (a dictionary)
色 【いろ】① colour, color ② complexion ③ appearance, look ④ love, lust, sensuality, love affair, lover ⑤ kind, type, variety
新しい 【あたらしい】new
声 【こえ】voice
青 【あお】① blue ② green ③ green light ④ black (horse coat color) ⑤ immature, unripe, young
青い 【あおい】① blue, green ② pale ③ unripe, inexperienced
赤い 【あかい】① red ② Red (i.e. communist)
切る 【きる】① to cut (usu. to cut through) ② to sever (connections, ties) ③ to turn off (i.e. the light) ④ to terminate (i.e. a conversation), to hang up (the phone), to disconnect ⑤ to punch (a ticket), to tear off (a stub) ⑥ to open (something sealed) ⑦ to start ⑧ to set (a limit) ⑨ to reduce, to decrease, to discount ⑩ to shake off (water, etc.), to let drip-dry (or drain) ⑪ to cross ⑫ to do (something noticeable) ⑬ to turn (a vehicle) ⑭ to cut (the ball) ⑮ to shuffle (cards) ⑯ to trump ⑰ (in Go) to isolate (an opponent's stone) ⑱ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to finish, to complete
洗う 【あらう】① to wash ② to investigate
早い 【はやい】① fast, quick, hasty, brisk ② early (in the day, etc.), premature ③ (too) soon, not yet, (too) early ④ easy, simple, quick
多い 【おおい】many, numerous
太い 【ふとい】① fat, thick ② deep (of a voice) ③ daring, shameless, brazen
待つ 【まつ】① to wait ② to await, to look forward to, to anticipate ③ (usu. in negative form) to depend on, to need
大きな 【おおきな】big, large, great
知る 【しる】to know, to understand, to be acquainted with, to feel
池 【いけ】pond
着く 【つく】① to arrive at, to reach ② to sit on, to sit at (e.g. the table)
着る 【きる】① to wear (in modern Japanese, from the shoulders down), to put on ② to bear (guilt, etc.)
鳥 【とり】① bird ② bird meat (esp. chicken meat), fowl, poultry
度 【ど】① degree (angle, temperature, scale, etc.) ② counter for occurrences and times ③ strength (of alcohol)
答える 【こたえる】to answer, to reply
肉 【にく】① flesh ② meat ③ the physical body (as opposed to the spirit) ④ thickness ⑤ ink pad
売る 【うる】to sell
風 【かぜ】wind, breeze
物 【もの】① thing, object ② the natural thing, a frequently done thing ③ used to express emotional involvement ④ used in giving a reason
一番 【いちばん】① best, first, number one ② game, round, bout, fall, event (in a meet)
横 【よこ】① horizontal (as opposed to vertical), lying down ② side-to-side (as opposed to front-to-back), width, breadth ③ side (of a box, etc.) ④ beside, aside, next to ⑤ unconnected
黄色い 【きいろい】yellow
絵 【え】picture, drawing, painting, sketch
橋 【はし】bridge
言葉 【ことば】① language, dialect ② word, words, phrase, term, expression, remark ③ speech, (manner of) speaking
向こう 【むこう】① opposite side, other side, opposite direction ② over there, that way, far away, beyond ③ the other party, the other person ④ future (starting now)
細い 【ほそい】thin, slender, fine
皿 【さら】① plate, dish, platter, disc ② serving, helping, course ③ kanji radical 108 (at the bottom)
歯 【は】tooth
次 【つぎ】① next, following, subsequent ② stage, station
取る 【とる】① to take, to pick up, to harvest, to earn, to choose ② to steal ③ to eat, to have (a meal) ④ to remove (one's glasses, etc.)
酒 【さけ】alcohol, sake
晴れ 【はれ】① clear weather ② public, formal ③ cleared of suspicion
飛ぶ 【とぶ】to fly, to soar
庭 【にわ】garden
鼻 【はな】nose
部屋 【へや】① room ② sumo stable
辺 【へん】① area, vicinity ② side (of triangle, rectangle, etc.) ③ circumstances
一緒 【いっしょ】① together ② at the same time ③ same, identical
皆 【みんな】① all, everyone, everybody ② everything
階段 【かいだん】stairs, stairway, staircase
ほかother (esp. places and things), the rest
覚える 【おぼえる】① to remember, to recollect, to memorize, to memorise ② to feel
吸う 【すう】① to smoke, to breathe in, to inhale ② to suck, to sip, to slurp ③ to absorb, to soak up ④ to kiss
個 【こ】① counter for articles ② counter for military units ③ individual
呼ぶ 【よぶ】① to call out (to), to call, to invoke ② to summon (a doctor, etc.) ③ to invite ④ to designate, to name, to brand ⑤ to garner (support, etc.), to gather
厚い 【あつい】① thick, deep, heavy ② kind, cordial, hospitable, warm, faithful ③ serious (of an illness) ④ abundant
降る 【ふる】to precipitate, to fall (e.g. rain)
歳 【さい】① -years-old ② ability, gift, talent, aptitude, genius
子供 【こども】child, children
若い 【わかい】young
寝る 【ねる】① to lie down ② to go to bed, to lie in bed ③ to sleep (lying down) ④ to sleep (with someone, i.e. have intercourse) ⑤ to lie idle
吹く 【ふく】① to blow (wind, etc.), to play a wind instrument ② to emit, to spout ③ to whistle
静か 【しずか】quiet, peaceful
窓 【まど】window
大変 【たいへん】① very, greatly ② immense, enormous, great ③ serious, grave, dreadful, terrible ④ difficult, hard
置く 【おく】① to put, to place ② to leave (behind) ③ to do something in advance (usu. following te-form verb)
遅い 【おそい】① slow ② late (e.g. "late at night") ③ too late
痛い 【いたい】① painful, sore ② exceeding
渡す 【わたす】① to ferry across (a river, etc.), to carry across, to traverse ② to lay across, to build across ③ to hand over, to hand in, to pass, to give, to transfer
熱い 【あつい】hot (thing)
薄い 【うすい】① thin ② pale, light ③ watery, dilute, sparse ④ weak (taste, etc.) ⑤ slim (probability, etc.), small
晩 【ばん】① evening ② counter for nights
彼 【かれ】① he, him ② boyfriend
必要 【ひつよう】① necessary, needed, essential, indispensable ② necessity, need, requirement
並べる 【ならべる】① to line up, to set up ② to enumerate, to itemize
椅子 【いす】① chair ② post, office, position
幾ら 【いくら】how much?, how many?
嫌い 【きらい】① dislike, hate ② suspicion, tendency, smack (of)
撮る 【とる】to take (a photo), to make (a film)
傘 【かさ】umbrella, parasol
大丈夫 【だいじょうぶ】safe, all right, OK, okay
沢山 【たくさん】many, a lot, much
脱ぐ 【ぬぐ】to take off (clothes, shoes, etc.), to undress
誰 【だれ】who
あのthat (someone or something distant from both speaker and listener, or situation unfamiliar to both speaker and listener)
あれ① that (indicating something distant from both speaker and listener (in space, time or psychologically), or something understood without naming it directly) ② that person (used to refer to one's equals or inferiors) ③ hey (expression of surprise or suspicion), eh? ④ that (something mentioned before which is distant psychologically or in terms of time)
その① that (something or someone distant from the speaker, close to the listener; actions of the listener, or ideas expressed or understood by the listener), the ② um..., er..., uh...
それ① that (indicating an item or person near the listener, the action of the listener, or something on their mind), it ② that time, then
それからand then, after that
つまらない① dull, uninteresting, boring ② insignificant, trifling
どうhow, in what way, how about
どれ① which (of three or more) ② whichever, any ③ well, now, let me see
やる① to do ② to have sexual intercourse ③ to kill ④ to give (to inferiors, animals, etc.) ⑤ to do for (inferiors) ⑥ to send (e.g. somebody somewhere), to dispatch (e.g. letter) (despatch) ⑦ to move (something to), to row (a boat) ⑧ (used in place of other verb) to have (eat, drink, smoke), to study, to run or operate (a restaurant)
する① to do ② to cause to become, to make (into), to turn (into) ③ to serve as, to act as, to work as ④ to wear (clothes, a facial expression, etc.) ⑤ to judge as being, to view as being, to think of as, to treat as, to use as ⑥ to decide on, to choose ⑦ to be sensed (of a smell, noise, etc.) ⑧ to be (in a state, condition, etc.) ⑨ to be worth, to cost ⑩ to pass (of time), to elapse ⑪ verbalizing suffix (applies to nouns noted in this dictionary with the part of speech "vs") ⑫ creates a humble verb (after a noun prefixed with "o" or "go") ⑬ to be just about to, to be just starting to, to try to, to attempt to
ちょっと① just a minute, short time, just a little ② somewhat, easily, readily, rather ③ (before a verb in negative form) (will not) easily ④ hey!
いつwhen, how soon
いくつ① how many? ② how old?
くれるto give, to let one have, to do for one, to be given
ここ① here (place physically close to the speaker, place pointed by the speaker while explaining), this place ② these last (followed by a duration noun and a past sentence: time period before the present time of the speaker) ③ these next ... (followed by a duration noun and a non past sentence: time period after the present time of the speaker), the next ...
ある① to be (usu. of inanimate objects), to exist, to live ② to have ③ to be located ④ to be equipped with ⑤ to happen, to come about
ことthing, matter, fact, circumstances, business, reason, experience
なる① to become, to get, to grow, to be, to reach, to attain ② to result in, to prove to be ③ to consist of, to be composed of ④ to succeed, to be complete ⑤ to change into, to be exchanged for ⑥ to play a role ⑦ to be promoted (shogi)
どうしてwhy?, for what reason, how, in what way, for what purpose, what for
あっち① that way (direction distant from both speaker and listener), over there, yonder ② that one (something physically distant from both speaker and listener, or something not visible but known by both speaker and listener), that ③ that person (someone physically distant from both speaker and listener, or someone not present but known by both speaker and listener) ④ there (place distant from both speaker and listener), over there, foreign country (esp. a Western nation)
しかしhowever, but
うん① yeah, uh huh ② some (at the start of a number in place of a digit)
けれどもbut, however, although
さっきsome time ago
だからso, therefore
はっきりclearly, plainly, distinctly
上がる 【あがる】① to rise, to go up, to come up, to ascend, to be raised ② to enter (esp. from outdoors), to come in, to go in ③ to enter (a school), to advance to the next grade ④ to get out (of water), to come ashore ⑤ to increase ⑥ to improve, to make progress ⑦ to be promoted, to advance ⑧ to be made (of profit, etc.) ⑨ to occur (esp. of a favourable result) ⑩ to be adequate (to cover expenses, etc.) ⑪ to be finished, to be done, to be over ⑫ (of rain) to stop, to lift ⑬ to stop (working properly), to cut out, to give out, to die ⑭ to win (in a card game, etc.) ⑮ to be arrested ⑯ to turn up (of evidence, etc.) ⑰ to be deep fried ⑱ to be spoken loudly ⑲ to get stage fright ⑳ to be offered (to the gods, etc.) ○ to go, to visit ○ to eat, to drink ○ to be listed (as a candidate) ○ to serve (in one's master's home) ○ (in Kyoto) to go north ○ (after the -masu stem of a verb) indicates completion
安心 【あんしん】relief, peace of mind
以外 【いがい】with the exception of, excepting
遠く 【とおく】far away, distant, at a distance, distant place, by far
下げる 【さげる】to hang, to lower, to move back, to wear, to dismiss, to grant
下さる 【くださる】to give, to confer
家 【うち】① house, home (one's own) ② (one's) family, (one's) household
火 【ひ】fire, flame, blaze
開く 【ひらく】① to open (e.g. a bank-account, festival, etc.) ② to spread out, to open up (flower bud, umbrella, etc.), to widen (gap, distance, width) ③ to hold, to give (party, conference, etc.)
帰り 【かえり】return, coming back
気 【き】① spirit, mind, heart ② nature, disposition ③ motivation, intention ④ mood, feelings ⑤ atmosphere, essence
急 【きゅう】① urgent, sudden, abrupt ② sharp, steep, precipitous ③ rapid, swift, fast ④ emergency, crisis ⑤ hurrying, haste ⑥ (in gagaku or noh) end of a song
急ぐ 【いそぐ】to hurry, to rush, to hasten, to make something happen sooner
見える 【みえる】① to be seen, to be in sight ② to look, to seem, to appear ③ to come
見物 【けんぶつ】sightseeing, sightseer, watching, watcher
合う 【あう】① to come together, to merge, to unite, to meet ② to fit, to match, to suit, to agree with, to be correct ③ to be profitable, to be equitable ④ (after the -masu stem of a verb) to do ... to each other, to do ... together
今度 【こんど】now, this time, next time, another time
今夜 【こんや】this evening, tonight
始める 【はじめる】① to start, to begin, to commence, to initiate, to originate ② to open (e.g. a store), to start up, to establish (business. etc.) ③ to start (doing something), to begin to ...
子 【こ】① child ② young (animal) ③ young woman, young geisha ④ offshoot ⑤ interest ⑥ new shares ⑦ (after a noun or -masu stem) -er (often of young women)
思い出す 【おもいだす】to recall, to remember
上手い 【うまい】① skillful, clever, expert, wise, successful ② delicious, appetizing, appetising ③ fortunate, splendid, promising
止む 【やむ】to cease, to stop, to be over
字 【じ】① character (i.e. kanji) ② hand-writing, penmanship ③ the ... word (i.e. "the L word" = "love")
時代 【じだい】① period, epoch, era, age ② the times, those days ③ oldness, ancientness, antiquity ④ antique, period piece
心 【こころ】① mind, heart, spirit ② the meaning of a phrase (riddle, etc.)
親 【おや】① parent, parents ② dealer (in cards) ③ founder ④ (pet) owner
生きる 【いきる】to live, to exist
大事 【だいじ】important, valuable, serious matter
着物 【きもの】① clothing, clothes ② kimono (or other trad. Japanese clothing)
通り 【とおり】avenue, street, way
通る 【とおる】to pass (by), to go through, to walk along, to pass exams, to attend (e.g. school)
動く 【うごく】① to move, to stir, to shift, to shake, to swing ② to operate, to run, to go, to work ③ to be touched, to be influenced ④ to change, to vary, to fluctuate, to waver ⑤ certain, factual ⑥ to be transferred
日 【ひ】① day, days ② sun, sunshine, sunlight ③ case (esp. unfortunate), event
泣く 【なく】to cry, to weep, to sob, to howl
教育 【きょういく】training, education
君 【くん】Mr (junior), master, boy
決して 【けっして】never, by no means, decidedly, indisputably
血 【ち】blood, consanguinity
光 【ひかり】light
光る 【ひかる】to shine, to glitter, to be bright
坂 【さか】slope, hill
参る 【まいる】① to go, to come, to call ② to be defeated, to collapse, to die ③ to be annoyed, to be nonplussed ④ to be madly in love ⑤ to visit (shrine, grave)
残る 【のこる】to remain, to be left
寺 【てら】temple (Buddhist)
拾う 【ひろう】to pick up, to find, to gather
心配 【しんぱい】① worry, concern, anxiety ② care, help, aid, assistance
森 【もり】① forest ② shrine grove
深い 【ふかい】deep, profound, thick, close
進む 【すすむ】① to advance, to go forward ② to precede, to go ahead (of) ③ to make progress, to improve ④ to deepen, to heighten ⑤ to do of one's own free will
星 【ほし】① star, any light-emitting (or reflecting) heavenly body (except for the sun and the moon) ② suspect (police slang)
製 【せい】-made, make
昔 【むかし】olden days, former
石 【いし】① stone ② gem, jewel
草 【くさ】grass
打つ 【うつ】① to hit (something inanimate), to strike, to beat (on something) ② to type, to tap (e.g. a key) ③ to inject ④ to indulge in gambling ⑤ to visit (on a pilgrimage)
点 【てん】① spot, mark ② point, dot ③ mark (e.g. in exam), score, points ④ counter for goods or items
投げる 【なげる】① to throw, to cast away ② to face defeat, to give up
道具 【どうぐ】implement, tool, means
倍 【ばい】① twice, double ② times, -fold
悲しい 【かなしい】sad, sorrowful
文化 【ぶんか】① culture, civilization, civilisation ② Bunka era (1804.2.11-1818.4.22)
米 【こめ】(husked grains of) rice
過ぎる 【すぎる】① to pass through, to pass by, to go beyond ② to pass (i.e. of time), to elapse ③ to have expired, to have ended, to be over ④ to exceed, to surpass, to be above ⑤ to be no more than ... ⑥ (often used after adjective stems or the -masu stems of verbs) to be excessive, to be too much, to be too ...
掛ける 【かける】① to hang (e.g. picture), to hoist (e.g. sail), to raise (e.g. flag) ② to sit ③ to be partway (verb), to begin (but not complete) ④ to take (time, money), to expend (money, time, etc.) ⑤ to make (a call) ⑥ to multiply ⑦ to secure (e.g. lock) ⑧ to put on (glasses, etc.) ⑨ to cover ⑩ to burden someone ⑪ to apply (insurance) ⑫ to turn on (an engine, etc.), to set (a dial, an alarm clock, etc.) ⑬ to put an effect (spell, anaesthetic, etc.) on ⑭ to hold an emotion for (pity, hope, etc.) ⑮ to bind ⑯ to pour (or sprinkle, spray, etc.) onto ⑰ to argue (in court), to deliberate (in a meeting), to present (e.g. idea to a conference, etc.) ⑱ to increase further ⑲ to catch (in a trap, etc.) ⑳ to set atop ○ to erect (a makeshift building) ○ to hold (a play, festival, etc.) ○ (after -masu stem of verb) indicates (verb) is being directed to (someone)
危険 【きけん】① danger, peril, hazard ② dangerous, hazardous
寄る 【よる】to visit, to drop in, to approach
祈る 【いのる】to pray, to wish
隅 【すみ】corner, nook, recess
差し上げる 【さしあげる】① to give, to offer ② to lift up, to hold up, to raise
最後 【さいご】① last, end, conclusion ② (after -tara form or -ta form followed by "ga") no sooner than, right after (often having negative consequences)
枝 【えだ】branch, bow, bough, twig, limb
捨てる 【すてる】to throw away, to cast aside, to abandon, to resign, to break up with (someone)
習慣 【しゅうかん】custom, habit, manners
笑う 【わらう】① to laugh ② to smile ③ to sneer, to ridicule
畳 【たたみ】tatami mat (Japanese straw floor coverings)
触る 【さわる】to touch, to feel
折る 【おる】to break, to fold, to pick flowers
折れる 【おれる】to break, to be folded, to give in, to turn (a corner)
戦争 【せんそう】war
続く 【つづく】① to continue, to last, to go on ② to be unbroken ③ to occur again and again ④ to lead to, to connect to
塗る 【ぬる】to paint, to plaster, to lacquer, to varnish, to spread, to smear
土産 【みやげ】present, souvenir
怒る 【おこる】① to get angry, to get mad ② to tell someone off, to scold ③ to be angular, to be square
倒れる 【たおれる】① to fall, to collapse, to drop, to fall senseless ② to be forced to bed (by illness, etc.) ③ to die ④ to go bankrupt, to be ruined, to have a bad debt ⑤ to be defeated (in a game) ⑥ to fall (of governments, dictators, etc.)
逃げる 【にげる】to escape, to run away
曇る 【くもる】to become cloudy, to become dim
熱 【ねつ】fever, temperature
背中 【せなか】back (of body)
髪 【かみ】hair (on the head)
夫 【おっと】husband
布団 【ふとん】① futon (quilted Japanese-style mattress laid out on the floor) ② round cushion used for Zen meditation (traditionally made of woven bulrush leaves)
普通 【ふつう】① general, ordinary, usual ② normally, generally, usually ③ train that stops at every station
払う 【はらう】① to pay ② to brush, to wipe
変 【へん】① strange, odd, peculiar, weird, curious, queer, eccentric, funny, suspicious, fishy ② unexpected ③ change ④ incident, disturbance, disaster, accident ⑤ flat (music)
挨拶 【あいさつ】① greeting, greetings, salutation, salute ② speech (congratulatory or appreciative), address ③ reply, response ④ a fine thing to say (used as part of a sarcastic response to a rude remark) ⑤ (orig. meaning) dialoging (with another Zen practitioner to ascertain their level of enlightenment)
為 【ため】① good, advantage, benefit, welfare ② sake, purpose, objective, aim ③ consequence, result, effect ④ affecting, regarding, concerning
一生懸命 【いっしょうけんめい】very hard, with utmost effort, with all one's might, for dear life
鏡 【かがみ】mirror
尋ねる 【たずねる】① to ask, to enquire, to inquire ② to search, to look for, to look into, to investigate
是非 【ぜひ】① certainly, without fail ② right and wrong, pros and cons
丁寧 【ていねい】polite, courteous, careful, care, kind, close, thorough, conscientious
釣る 【つる】to fish
踏む 【ふむ】① to step on, to tread on ② to experience, to undergo ③ to estimate, to value, to appraise ④ to rhyme ⑤ to follow (rules, morals, principles, etc.)
きっとsurely, undoubtedly, almost certainly, most likely (e.g. 90 percent)
こう① in this way (used for something or someone close to the speaker, including the speaker himself, or for the opinions of the speaker), thus, such ② uh... (interjection used as a verbal pause)
これからafter this
それでand, thereupon, because of that
ちっともnot at all (neg. verb)
もしif, in case, supposing
やっぱりalso, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
やはりalso, as I thought, still, in spite of, absolutely, of course
honourable, honorable
しばらく① little while, short while, moment, instant ② a while, quite a time ③ it's been a long time
しまうto finish, to close, to do something completely, to put away, to put an end to
たかる① to gather, to crowd round, to swarm, to flock ② to extort from, to sponge off
すごい① terrible, dreadful ② amazing (e.g. of strength), great (e.g. of skills), wonderful, terrific ③ to a great extent, vast (in numbers)
なるほどI see, That's right!, Indeed
つもり① intention, plan ② conviction, belief
ぶつto hit (a person), to strike, to beat
とうとうfinally, at last, reaching a head
はず① expectation that something took place, will take place or was in some state, it should be so, bound to be, expected to be, must be ② nock (of a bow) ③ nock (of an arrow) ④ nock-shaped grip (between thumb and forefinger) (Sumo)
いらっしゃい① (used as a polite imperative) come, go, stay ② welcome!
お前 【おまえ】① you (masc) (formerly honorific, now sometimes derog. term referring to an equal or inferior) ② presence (of a god, nobleman, etc.)
じっと① motionlessly ② fixedly (e.g. of staring) ③ patiently ④ firmly (e.g. hold), restrained
するとthereupon, hereupon
そっとsoftly, gently, quietly, secretly
ちゃんとperfectly, properly, exactly
だって① after all, because ② but, however ③ even, even if ④ too, as well, also ⑤ they say, I hear, you mean
ぼんやりabsent-minded, blockhead, dim, faint, vague
下る 【くだる】① to descend, to go down, to come down ② to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.) ③ to pass (of time) ④ to surrender, to capitulate ⑤ (often in neg. form) to be less than, to be inferior to ⑥ to have the runs, to have diarrhea
何とか 【なんとか】① something, something or other, so-and-so ② somehow, anyhow, one way or another
金 【きん】① gold, golden (color), metaphor for (most) valuable, gold (medal, cup) ② money (written before an amount) ③ Friday ④ metal (fourth of the five elements) ⑤ Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE) ⑥ gold general (shogi) ⑦ karat, carat
今に 【いまに】before long, even now
今にも 【いまにも】at any time, soon
左右 【さゆう】① left and right ② influence, control, domination
上 【じょう】① from the standpoint of, as a matter of (e.g. fact), in the field of, being of the type of ② aboard (a ship or vehicle), on top of, on, above ③ first volume (e.g. book) ④ superior quality, best, top, high class ⑤ going up ⑥ governmental, imperial ⑦ presenting, showing
人間 【にんげん】① human being, man, person ② character (of a person)
人気 【にんき】popularity, popular feeling, business conditions
生 【なま】① raw, uncooked, fresh ② natural, unedited, unprocessed, crude ③ live (i.e. not recorded) ④ inexperienced, unpolished, green ⑤ impudence, sauciness ⑥ unpasteurized beer, draft beer, draught beer ⑦ partially, somewhat, half-, semi-
長 【ちょう】chief, head
土 【つち】① earth, soil, dirt ② the earth (historically, esp. as opposed to the heavens), the ground, the land ③ low-quality torinoko-gami (containing mud) ④ (period of) refraining from construction in the direction of the god of the earth (in On'youdou)
運 【うん】fortune, luck
開始 【かいし】start, commencement, beginning, initiation
楽 【らく】comfort, ease
牛 【うし】① cattle, cow, ox, oxen ② beef ③ Chinese "Ox" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
見事 【みごと】① splendid, magnificent, beautiful, admirable ② praiseworthy act, feat, commendable deed
思わず 【おもわず】unintentionally, reflexively, spontaneously, involuntarily, instinctively
室 【しつ】① room ② Chinese "Encampment" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
図 【ず】figure (e.g. Fig 1), drawing, picture, illustration
世の中 【よのなか】society, the world, the times
切れる 【きれる】① to cut well, to be sharp ② to break (off), to snap, to wear out ③ to be injured ④ to burst, to collapse ⑤ to be disconnected, to be out of, to expire, to sever (connections) with ⑥ to be shrewd, to have a sharp mind ⑦ to drop under (a certain figure), to beat (e.g. a time) ⑧ to flip, to lose one's temper ⑨ to be able to do completely
先ず 【まず】① first (of all), to start with, about, almost, anyway, well, now ② hardly (with neg. verb)
貸し 【かし】loan, lending
台 【だい】① stand, rack, table ② support ③ belt ④ counter for machines, incl. vehicles ⑤ setting (e.g. in jewellery)
知らせ 【しらせ】notice, notification
度 【たび】time (three times, each time, etc.), times
動かす 【うごかす】① to move, to shift, to operate, to set in motion, to mobilize, to mobilise ② to inspire, to rouse, to move (e.g. feeling), to influence ③ to deny, to change
発 【はつ】① departure, departing (from ...), departing (at time ...) ② beginning ③ issued by (e.g. document) ④ counter for gunshots, counter for blows (punches)
風 【ふう】① method, manner, way, style ② appearance, air ③ tendency ④ folk song (genre of the Shi Jing) ⑤ wind (one of the five elements)
その内 【そのうち】eventually, sooner or later, of the previously mentioned
ところがeven so, however, still, whereupon, even though, nevertheless, on the contrary, as a matter of fact, despite
屋根 【やね】roof
額 【がく】① picture (framed) ② amount or sum (of money)
活動 【かつどう】action, activity
感じる 【かんじる】to feel, to sense, to experience
感情 【かんじょう】emotion, feeling, feelings, sentiment
感心 【かんしん】admiration, Well done!
丸 【まる】① circle ② full (e.g. month, day, etc.) ③ perfection, purity ④ suffix for ship names
岸 【きし】bank, coast, shore
岩 【いわ】rock, crag
苦しい 【くるしい】painful, difficult
決心 【けっしん】determination, resolution
県 【けん】① prefecture (of Japan) ② county (of China)
向く 【むく】① to face ② to turn toward ③ to be suited to, to be fit for
向ける 【むける】to turn towards, to point
考え 【かんがえ】thinking, thought, ideas, intention
根 【ね】① root (of a plant) ② root (of a tooth, hair, etc.), center (of a pimple, etc.) ③ root root (of all evil, etc.), source, origin, cause, basis ④ one's true nature ⑤ (fishing) reef
事実 【じじつ】fact, truth, reality
時期 【じき】time, season, period
取れる 【とれる】① to come off, to be removed ② (of pain, a fever, etc.) to disappear ③ to be caught, to be harvested ④ to be interpreted (as), to be taken as ⑤ (of balance, etc.) to be attained ⑥ to be obtainable
州 【しゅう】① state, province, county (UK), department (of ancient China) ② continent
助かる 【たすかる】to be saved, to be rescued, to survive, to be helpful
商売 【しょうばい】trade, business, commerce, transaction, occupation
章 【しょう】① chapter, section ② medal
神 【かみ】god, deity, divinity, spirit, kami
身 【み】① body ② oneself ③ one's place, one's position ④ main part, meat (as opposed to bone, skin, etc.), wood (as opposed to bark), blade (as opposed to its handle), container(as opposed to its lid)
身分 【みぶん】social position, social status
正直 【しょうじき】① honesty, integrity, frankness ② honestly, frankly
全 【ぜん】all, whole, entire, complete, overall, pan-
組む 【くむ】① to cross (legs or arms), to link (arms) ② to put together, to construct, to assemble, to produce (e.g. TV program) ③ to braid, to plait ④ to grapple, to wrestle ⑤ to unite, to link up, to form an alliance ⑥ to set (e.g. type) ⑦ to issue (e.g. money order)
相手 【あいて】① companion, partner, company ② other party, addressee ③ opponent (sports, etc.)
息 【いき】① breath, breathing ② tone, mood
太陽 【たいよう】sun, solar
身体 【しんたい】① body ② health
単に 【たんに】simply, merely, only, solely
地面 【じめん】ground, earth's surface
調子 【ちょうし】① tune, tone, key, pitch, time, rhythm ② vein, mood, way, manner, style, knack ③ condition, state of health ④ impetus, spur of the moment, strain ⑤ trend
追う 【おう】① to chase, to run after, to pursue ② to follow (i.e. a set order, a trend) ③ to drive out, to oust, to expel ④ to drive (i.e. a herd) ⑤ (in passive voice) to be pressed (for time, etc.)
通 【つう】① connoisseur, authority ② counter for letters, notes, documents, etc.
当てる 【あてる】① to hit ② to expose ③ to apply (e.g. patch) ④ to allot, to call on someone (e.g. in class) ⑤ to guess (an answer) ⑥ to make a hit (e.g. in a lottery)
内 【うち】① inside, within ② while ③ among, amongst, between ④ we (referring to one's in-group, i.e. company, etc.), our ⑤ my spouse ⑥ I (primarily used by women and children), me
波 【なみ】wave
馬 【うま】① horse ② promoted bishop (shogi)
番目 【ばんめ】cardinal number suffix
皮 【かわ】① skin, hide, pelt, fur ② rind, peel, husk, bark ③ shell, sheath, wrapping
筆 【ふで】writing brush
表 【ひょう】table (e.g. Tab 1), chart, list
不幸 【ふこう】unhappiness, sorrow, misfortune, disaster, accident, death
不自由 【ふじゆう】① discomfort, inconvenience ② poverty, want, destitution ③ disability, impairment (physical, mental, etc.)
部 【ぶ】① department (in an organization), division, bureau ② club ③ part, component, element ④ category ⑤ counter for copies of a newspaper or magazine
辺り 【あたり】① on the bank of, by the side of (e.g. a river, pond) ② (in the) neighbourhood, neighborhood, vicinity, nearby
愛 【あい】love, affection
違い 【ちがい】difference, discrepancy
鋭い 【するどい】pointed, sharp
煙 【けむり】smoke, fumes
奥 【おく】interior, inner part, inside
加減 【かげん】① addition and subtraction ② allowance for ③ degree, extent, measure ④ condition, state of health ⑤ seasoning, flavor, flavour, moderation, adjustment ⑥ influence (of the weather) ⑦ chance
過去 【かこ】the past, bygone days, the previous
解く 【とく】① to solve, to answer ② to untie ③ to comb, to untangle (hair)
害 【がい】injury, harm, evil influence, damage
汗 【あせ】① sweat, perspiration ② moisture, condensation
願い 【ねがい】desire, wish, request, prayer, petition, application
気の毒 【きのどく】pitiful, unfortunate, (a) pity
技師 【ぎし】engineer, technician
許す 【ゆるす】① to permit, to allow, to approve ② to exempt (from fine), to excuse (from), to pardon, to forgive, to release, to let off ③ to confide in ④ to give up, to yield
恐怖 【きょうふ】fear, dread, dismay, terror
胸 【むね】breast, chest
掘る 【ほる】to dig, to excavate
軍 【ぐん】army, force, troops
肩 【かた】shoulder
現在 【げんざい】now, current, present, present time, as of
限り 【かぎり】① limit, limits, bounds ② degree, extent, scope ③ as far as possible, as much as possible, to the best of one's ability ④ unless (after neg. verb) ⑤ the end, the last
限る 【かぎる】to restrict, to limit, to confine
刻む 【きざむ】to mince, to carve, to engrave, to cut fine, to chop up, to hash, to chisel, to notch
腰 【こし】① back, lower back, waist, hips, lumbar region ② body (of hair, noodle, paper, etc.), resilience, spring
骨 【ほね】bone
差す 【さす】① to raise (e.g. hands, umbrella), to stretch out ② to be tinged ③ to wear at one's side (e.g. sword) ④ to shine ⑤ to provoke a feeling
最も 【もっとも】most, extremely
際 【さい】on the occasion of, circumstances
札 【さつ】note, paper money
殺す 【ころす】to kill
散歩 【さんぽ】walk, stroll
周囲 【しゅうい】① surroundings, environs ② circumference
順 【じゅん】order, turn
床 【ゆか】① floor ② stage (for the narrator and the shamisen player) ③ dining platform built across a river
照らす 【てらす】to shine on, to illuminate
賞 【しょう】prize, award
伸びる 【のびる】① to stretch, to extend, to lengthen, to spread ② to make progress, to grow (beard, body height) ③ to grow stale (soba) ④ to be straightened, to be flattened, to be smoothed ⑤ to be exhausted ⑥ to be postponed, to be prolonged
真似 【まね】mimicry, imitation, behavior, behaviour, pretense, pretence
針 【はり】① needle, pin, hook ② stinger, thorn ③ hand (e.g. clock, etc.), pointer ④ staple (for a stapler) ⑤ needlework, sewing ⑥ malice ⑦ counter for stitches
積む 【つむ】to pile up, to stack, to load (car, ship, etc.), to pack
跡 【あと】① trace, tracks, mark, sign ② remains, ruins ③ scar
河 【かわ】① river, stream ② the .... river, (suffix used with the names of rivers)
担当 【たんとう】(in) charge (of an area of responsibility, but not necessarily supervision of staff)
沈む 【しずむ】to sink, to feel depressed
通り過ぎる 【とおりすぎる】to pass, to pass through
底 【そこ】bottom, sole
得意 【とくい】① triumph, prosperity ② pride ③ one's strong point, one's forte, one's specialty ④ frequent customer (client, etc.)
突然 【とつぜん】abrupt, sudden, unexpected, all at once
濃い 【こい】① deep (colour), dark ② strong (flavour, smell, etc.) ③ thick (consistency), dense ④ strong (possibility, etc.) ⑤ thick (i.e. "as thick as thieves"), close, deep (love, etc.)
破産 【はさん】bankruptcy, insolvency
抜く 【ぬく】① to extract, to omit, to surpass, to overtake, to draw out, to unplug ② to do something to the end
抜ける 【ぬける】① to come out, to fall out, to be omitted, to be missing, to escape ② to exit (a program loop)
被る 【かぶる】① to wear (on head, usu. one's own), to put on (over head, usu. one's own), to crown (oneself) ② to pour or dash water, dust, etc. (on oneself) ③ to bear (e.g. someone's debts, faults, etc.) ④ to overlap
非常 【ひじょう】emergency, extraordinary, unusual
瓶 【びん】bottle
不思議 【ふしぎ】wonder, miracle, strange, mystery, marvel, curiosity
付ける 【つける】① to attach, to join, to add, to append, to affix, to stick, to glue, to fasten, to sew on, to apply (ointment) ② to furnish (a house with) ③ to wear, to put on ④ to keep a diary, to make an entry ⑤ to appraise, to set (a price) ⑥ to bring alongside ⑦ to place (under guard or doctor) ⑧ to follow, to shadow ⑨ to load, to give (courage to) ⑩ to keep (an eye on) ⑪ to establish (relations or understanding) ⑫ to turn on (light)
浮かぶ 【うかぶ】① to float, to be suspended ② to rise to surface ③ to come to mind, to have inspiration
幅 【はば】width, breadth
服装 【ふくそう】garments, attire
腹 【はら】① abdomen, belly, stomach ② one's mind, one's real intentions, one's true motive ③ loop (physics) ④ counter for hard roe
閉じる 【とじる】to close (e.g. book, eyes, meeting, etc.), to shut
握る 【にぎる】to grasp, to seize, to mould sushi, to mold sushi
案 【あん】① idea, plan, thought ② draft plan, motion, rough copy ③ expectation
一斉 【いっせい】simultaneous, all at once
隠す 【かくす】to hide, to conceal
遠慮 【えんりょ】diffidence, restraint, reserve, discretion, tact, thoughtfulness
応じる 【おうじる】to respond, to satisfy, to accept, to comply with, to apply for
我慢 【がまん】patience, endurance, perseverance, tolerance, self-control, self-denial
怪我 【けが】injury (to animate object), hurt
勘定 【かんじょう】calculation, counting, consideration, reckoning, settlement of an account, allowance
堪らない 【たまらない】① intolerable, unbearable, unendurable ② cannot help (doing), cannot but do, anxious to do ③ tremendous, out of this world, irresistible
旗 【はた】① flag ② pataka (banner)