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Most frequent words part 1

From four different frequency lists. Excludes N5 and N4 vocabulary. These are from the first 4000 or so.

First 500 entries [show all] — Created by Ryan M. — Last modified: 2015-03-10 13:46:11
お前 【おまえ】① you (masc) (formerly honorific, now sometimes derog. term referring to an equal or inferior) ② presence (of a god, nobleman, etc.)
きちんとprecisely, accurately, neatly
きつい① intense, severe, hard ② determined, forceful, formidable ③ strong ④ tight, close
こっそりstealthily, secretly
こんなにso, like this, in this way
さっぱり① feeling refreshed, feeling relieved ② neat, trimmed ③ plain, simple ④ completely, entirely ⑤ not in the least (in sentence with negative verb), not at all ⑥ completely ignorant, not doing at all
ずっと① continuously in some state (for a long time, distance), throughout, all along, the whole time, all the way ② much (better, etc.), by far, far and away ③ far away, long ago ④ direct, straight
そっくりall, altogether, entirely, just like, the spitting image of
たっぷりfull, in plenty, ample
どうせanyhow, in any case, at any rate, after all, at best, at most, at all
どんどん① drumming (noise) ② rapidly, steadily
どんなにhow, how much
のんびりcarefree, at leisure
ぴったりexactly, neatly, sharp
本の 【ほんの】mere, only, just
下る 【くだる】① to descend, to go down, to come down ② to be handed down (of an order, judgment, etc.) ③ to pass (of time) ④ to surrender, to capitulate ⑤ (often in neg. form) to be less than, to be inferior to ⑥ to have the runs, to have diarrhea
何か 【なにか】something
何とか 【なんとか】① something, something or other, so-and-so ② somehow, anyhow, one way or another
何とも 【なんとも】nothing (with neg. verb), quite, not a bit
火山 【かざん】volcano
外す 【はずす】① to unfasten, to undo ② to remove, to take off, to deinstall ③ to leave, to step out, to slip away ④ to miss (a target)
外れる 【はずれる】to be disconnected, to get out of place, to be off, to be out (e.g. of gear)
学ぶ 【まなぶ】to study (in depth), to learn, to take lessons in
間もなく 【まもなく】① soon, before long, in a short time ② (after verb) lacking time to ..., without time to ...
気に入る 【きにいる】to be pleased with, to suit
金 【きん】① gold, golden (color), metaphor for (most) valuable, gold (medal, cup) ② money (written before an amount) ③ Friday ④ metal (fourth of the five elements) ⑤ Jin (dynasty of China; 1115-1234 CE) ⑥ gold general (shogi) ⑦ karat, carat
見下ろす 【みおろす】to overlook, to command a view of, to look down on something
今後 【こんご】from now on, hereafter
人生 【じんせい】(human) life (i.e. conception to death)
大した 【たいした】considerable, great, important, significant, a big deal
男子 【だんし】youth, young man
長 【ちょう】chief, head
行き 【いき】① bound for ... ② going (to)
以前 【いぜん】ago, since, before, previous
以来 【いらい】since, henceforth
意外 【いがい】unexpected, surprising
意思 【いし】intention, purpose
一体 【いったい】① ...the heck (e.g. "what the heck?"), ...in the world (e.g. "why in the world?"), ...on earth (e.g. "who on earth?") ② one object, one body, unity ③ one form, one style ④ one Buddhist image (or carving, etc.) ⑤ generally, in general
引用 【いんよう】quotation, citation, reference
運 【うん】fortune, luck
下がる 【さがる】to hang down, to abate, to retire, to fall, to step back
歌手 【かしゅ】singer
花火 【はなび】fireworks
画家 【がか】painter, artist
会員 【かいいん】member, the membership
会計 【かいけい】account, finance, accountant, treasurer, paymaster, reckoning, bill
開始 【かいし】start, commencement, beginning, initiation
学者 【がくしゃ】scholar
学習 【がくしゅう】study, learning, tutorial
学問 【がくもん】scholarship, study, learning
楽 【らく】comfort, ease
起こる 【おこる】to occur, to happen
牛 【うし】① cattle, cow, ox, oxen ② beef ③ Chinese "Ox" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
去る 【さる】① to leave, to go away ② to pass, to elapse ③ to be distant ④ to send away, to drive off, to divorce ⑤ (after a -masu stem, esp. of a suru verb) ... completely ⑥ last ... (e.g. "last April")
強力 【きょうりょく】powerful, strong
見事 【みごと】① splendid, magnificent, beautiful, admirable ② praiseworthy act, feat, commendable deed
見送る 【みおくる】① to see off (e.g. to the station, an airport, etc.), to escort (e.g. home), to farewell ② to see out, to send off ③ to let pass, to wait and see, to continue (e.g. in legal contexts) ④ to let a pitch go by (baseball), to watch a batted ball go into the stands
言わば 【いわば】so to speak, so to call it, as it were
後者 【こうしゃ】the latter
公正 【こうせい】justice, fairness, impartiality
広場 【ひろば】plaza
国家 【こっか】state, country, nation
止す 【よす】to cease, to abolish, to resign, to give up
自動 【じどう】① automatic, self-motion ② intransitive verb
出来事 【できごと】incident, affair, happening, event
書店 【しょてん】bookshop, bookstore
食料 【しょくりょう】food
図 【ず】figure (e.g. Fig 1), drawing, picture, illustration
地下 【ちか】① basement, cellar, underground place ② underground, below ground ③ secret, under cover
中止 【ちゅうし】suspension, stoppage, discontinuance, interruption
注文 【ちゅうもん】order, request
一家 【いっか】a house, a home, a family, a household, one's family, one's folks, a style
その内 【そのうち】eventually, sooner or later, of the previously mentioned
ところがeven so, however, still, whereupon, even though, nevertheless, on the contrary, as a matter of fact, despite
安定 【あんてい】stability, equilibrium
委員 【いいん】committee member
育つ 【そだつ】to be raised (e.g. child), to be brought up, to grow (up)
引退 【いんたい】retire
横切る 【よこぎる】to cross (e.g. road), to traverse
王子 【おうじ】prince
王様 【おうさま】king
屋根 【やね】roof
温度 【おんど】temperature
化学 【かがく】① chemistry ② chemical company (e.g. Acme Chemical Co.)
加わる 【くわわる】to join in, to accede to, to increase, to gain in (influence)
会合 【かいごう】① meeting, assembly ② association ③ (astronomical) conjunction
回す 【まわす】① to turn, to rotate, to gyrate ② to circulate, to send around ③ to surround ④ to put something to a new use (e.g. leftovers) ⑤ (after the -masu stem of a verb) ... around (i.e. to chase someone around) ⑥ to dial (e.g. telephone number)
回転 【かいてん】rotation (usu. around something), revolution, turning
絵画 【かいが】picture, painting
外交 【がいこう】diplomacy
確実 【かくじつ】certainty, reliability, soundness
額 【がく】① picture (framed) ② amount or sum (of money)
活動 【かつどう】action, activity
活用 【かつよう】① practical use, application ② conjugation, declension, inflection
感じ 【かんじ】feeling, sense, impression
感じる 【かんじる】to feel, to sense, to experience
感情 【かんじょう】emotion, feeling, feelings, sentiment
感心 【かんしん】admiration, Well done!
感動 【かんどう】being deeply moved emotionally, excitement, passion, deep emotion, impression
観客 【かんきゃく】audience, spectator, spectators
観光 【かんこう】sightseeing
丸 【まる】① circle ② full (e.g. month, day, etc.) ③ perfection, purity ④ suffix for ship names
岸 【きし】bank, coast, shore
岩 【いわ】rock, crag
期待 【きたい】expectation, anticipation, hope
気温 【きおん】atmospheric temperature
記事 【きじ】article, news story, report, account
記者 【きしゃ】reporter
記録 【きろく】① record, minutes, document ② a record (e.g. in sports), results, score ③ to record, to document ④ to set a record (e.g. in sports), to show a result, to reach a value
逆 【ぎゃく】① reverse, opposite ② converse (of a hypothesis, etc.)
急速 【きゅうそく】rapid (e.g. progress)
旧 【きゅう】ex-, former, old
強調 【きょうちょう】emphasis, highlight, stress, stressed point
教科書 【きょうかしょ】textbook, text book
玉 【たま】① ball, sphere, globe, orb ② bead (of sweat, dew, etc.), drop, droplet ③ ball (in sports) ④ pile (of noodles, etc.) ⑤ bullet ⑥ bulb (i.e. a light bulb) ⑦ ens (of glasses, etc.) ⑧ bead (of an abacus) ⑨ egg ⑩ gem, jewel (esp. spherical; sometimes used figuratively), pearl ⑪ female entertainer (e.g. a geisha) ⑫ person (when commenting on their nature), character ⑬ item, funds or person used as part of a plot ⑭ coin ⑮ precious, beautiful, excellent
禁止 【きんし】prohibition, inhibition, ban
金額 【きんがく】amount of money
区別 【くべつ】distinction, differentiation, classification
苦しい 【くるしい】painful, difficult
苦しむ 【くるしむ】to suffer, to groan, to be worried
苦手 【にがて】poor (at), weak (in), dislike (of)
型 【かた】① model, type (e.g. of machine, goods, etc.) ② type, style, pattern ③ mold (mould), template, model ④ kata (standard form of a movement, posture, etc. in martial arts, sport, etc.) ⑤ form (i.e. customary procedure) ⑥ size (i.e. clothing, shoes)
計算 【けいさん】① calculation, reckoning, count ② forecast
決心 【けっしん】determination, resolution
決定 【けってい】decision, determination
県 【けん】① prefecture (of Japan) ② county (of China)
言語 【げんご】language
向く 【むく】① to face ② to turn toward ③ to be suited to, to be fit for
向ける 【むける】to turn towards, to point
幸い 【さいわい】happiness, blessedness
幸福 【こうふく】happiness, blessedness
高速 【こうそく】① high speed, high gear ② highway, freeway, expressway, motorway
合わせる 【あわせる】① to match (rhythm, speed, etc.) ② to join together, to unite, to combine, to add up ③ to face, to be opposite (someone) ④ to compare, to check with ⑤ to cause to meet (e.g. an unpleasant fate) ⑥ to place together, to connect, to overlap ⑦ to mix, to combine ⑧ to put blade to blade, to fight
思想 【しそう】thought, idea, ideology
指す 【さす】① to point ② to nominate, to select someone, to specify some person ③ to identify, to indicate, to point out
時期 【じき】time, season, period
実 【み】① fruit, nut ② seed ③ (in broth) pieces of meat, vegetable, etc. ④ content, substance
取り上げる 【とりあげる】① to take up, to pick up ② to accept, to adopt, to listen to ③ to disqualify, to confiscate, to deprive ④ to adopt (child)
取れる 【とれる】① to come off, to be removed ② (of pain, a fever, etc.) to disappear ③ to be caught, to be harvested ④ to be interpreted (as), to be taken as ⑤ (of balance, etc.) to be attained ⑥ to be obtainable
手術 【しゅじゅつ】surgical operation
首都 【しゅと】capital city, metropolis
受け取る 【うけとる】① to receive, to get, to accept ② to take, to interpret, to understand
助ける 【たすける】to help, to save, to rescue, to give relief to, to spare (life), to reinforce, to promote, to abet
商売 【しょうばい】trade, business, commerce, transaction, occupation
章 【しょう】① chapter, section ② medal
植物 【しょくぶつ】plant, vegetation
進歩 【しんぽ】progress, development
正確 【せいかく】accurate, punctual, exact, authentic, veracious
全力 【ぜんりょく】all one's power, whole energy
息 【いき】① breath, breathing ② tone, mood
太陽 【たいよう】sun, solar
身体 【しんたい】① body ② health
断る 【ことわる】① to refuse, to reject, to dismiss, to turn down, to decline ② to inform, to give notice, to tell in advance ③ to ask leave, to excuse oneself (from)
地点 【ちてん】site, point on a map, spot
的 【てき】-like, typical
土曜 【どよう】Saturday
当てる 【あてる】① to hit ② to expose ③ to apply (e.g. patch) ④ to allot, to call on someone (e.g. in class) ⑤ to guess (an answer) ⑥ to make a hit (e.g. in a lottery)
波 【なみ】wave
犯人 【はんにん】offender, criminal
不幸 【ふこう】unhappiness, sorrow, misfortune, disaster, accident, death
例外 【れいがい】exception
科目 【かもく】(school) subject, curriculum, course
等 【ら】① pluralizing suffix (often humble, derogatory or familiar), and others, et alios, and the like, and followers ② or so (rough indicator of direction, location, amount, etc.) ③ (after the stem of an adjective) nominalizing suffix
打付ける 【ぶつける】to knock, to run into, to nail on, to strike hard, to hit and attack, to try (an idea) on someone
寄越す 【よこす】① to send, to forward ② to hand over (e.g. money)
愛 【あい】love, affection
愛する 【あいする】to love
愛情 【あいじょう】love, affection
依頼 【いらい】① request, commission, dispatch, despatch ② dependence, trust
偉い 【えらい】① great, excellent, admirable, remarkable, distinguished, important, celebrated, famous, eminent ② awful, terrible
偉大 【いだい】greatness
囲む 【かこむ】to surround, to encircle
意識 【いしき】① consciousness ② awareness, sense ③ mano-vijnana (mental consciousness, cognizer of sensory information)
移動 【いどう】① removal, migration, movement ② mobile (e.g. communications)
胃 【い】① stomach ② Chinese "stomach" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
違反 【いはん】violation (of law), transgression, infringement, breach
医師 【いし】doctor, physician
一種 【いっしゅ】species, kind, variety
一層 【いっそう】① much more, still more, all the more, (would) rather, sooner, might as well ② single layer (or storey, etc.)
一般 【いっぱん】general, liberal, universal, ordinary, average
印 【しるし】① mark ② symbol ③ evidence
印刷 【いんさつ】printing
印象 【いんしょう】impression
永遠 【えいえん】eternity, perpetuity, immortality, permanence
液体 【えきたい】liquid, fluid
越す 【こす】① to cross over (e.g. mountain), to go across ② to go over (e.g. with audience) ③ to pass time (e.g. a winter) ④ to surpass, to be better than, to exceed ⑤ to move house ⑥ to go, to come
延期 【えんき】postponement, adjournment
演劇 【えんげき】play (theatrical)
演説 【えんぜつ】speech, address
奥 【おく】interior, inner part, inside
温泉 【おんせん】spa, hot spring, onsen
課 【か】① lesson ② section (in an organization), division, department ③ counter for lessons and chapters (of a book)
過ごす 【すごす】① to pass (time), to spend ② to overdo (esp. of one's alcohol consumption), to drink (alcohol) ③ to overdo, to do too much ④ to ... without acting on it
解く 【とく】① to solve, to answer ② to untie ③ to comb, to untangle (hair)
解決 【かいけつ】settlement, solution, resolution
解散 【かいさん】breakup, dissolution
回復 【かいふく】recovery (from illness), improvement, rehabilitation, restoration, convalescence
快適 【かいてき】pleasant, agreeable, comfortable
各 【かく】each, every, all
覚める 【さめる】① to wake, to wake up ② to become sober, to sober up, to regain consciousness (e.g. after anaesthesia) ③ to come to one's senses, to be disillusioned
割る 【わる】to divide, to cut, to break, to halve, to separate, to split, to rip, to crack, to smash, to dilute
乾燥 【かんそう】dry, arid, insipid, dehydrated
巻く 【まく】to wind, to coil, to roll
完成 【かんせい】① complete, completion ② perfection, accomplishment
完了 【かんりょう】① completion, conclusion ② perfective (form, aspect)
患者 【かんじゃ】(a) patient
感覚 【かんかく】sense, sensation, feeling, intuition
汗 【あせ】① sweat, perspiration ② moisture, condensation
管理 【かんり】control, management (e.g. of a business)
観察 【かんさつ】observation, survey
間違い 【まちがい】mistake
関心 【かんしん】concern, interest
含む 【ふくむ】① to contain, to comprise, to have, to hold, to include, to embrace ② to hold in the mouth ③ to bear in mind, to understand, to harbor (grudge, etc.), to harbour ④ to express (emotion, etc.), to imply
願う 【ねがう】① to desire, to wish, to hope ② to beg, to request, to implore, to pray ③ to have something done for oneself
希望 【きぼう】hope, wish, aspiration
機能 【きのう】function, facility, faculty, feature
帰宅 【きたく】returning home
気の毒 【きのどく】pitiful, unfortunate, (a) pity
気候 【きこう】climate
疑う 【うたがう】to doubt, to distrust, to be suspicious of, to suspect
疑問 【ぎもん】question, problem, doubt, guess
議会 【ぎかい】Diet, congress, parliament
議長 【ぎちょう】chairman, speaker (e.g. of assembly), president (e.g. of council, senate, etc.), moderator (e.g. of a newsgroup)
議論 【ぎろん】argument, discussion, dispute, controversy
詰める 【つめる】① to pack, to fill, to plug, to stop up ② to shorten (length or distance), to move over, to make room (for someone) ③ to work out (details)
吸収 【きゅうしゅう】absorption, suction, attraction
給料 【きゅうりょう】salary, wages
居間 【いま】living room (western style)
巨大 【きょだい】huge, gigantic, enormous
許す 【ゆるす】① to permit, to allow, to approve ② to exempt (from fine), to excuse (from), to pardon, to forgive, to release, to let off ③ to confide in ④ to give up, to yield
許可 【きょか】permission, approval, authorization
供給 【きょうきゅう】supply, provision
競技 【きょうぎ】game, match, contest
共に 【ともに】sharing with, participate in, both, alike, together, along with, with, including
共通 【きょうつう】① commonness, community ② -wide
叫ぶ 【さけぶ】to shout, to cry
恐らく 【おそらく】perhaps, likely, probably, I dare say
恐ろしい 【おそろしい】terrible, dreadful
恐怖 【きょうふ】fear, dread, dismay, terror
教師 【きょうし】teacher (classroom)
胸 【むね】breast, chest
努める 【つとめる】to endeavor (endeavour), to try, to strive, to make an effort, to exert oneself, to be diligent
苦痛 【くつう】pain, agony, bitterness
苦労 【くろう】troubles, hardships
備える 【そなえる】① to furnish, to provide for, to equip, to install ② to have ready, to prepare for ③ to possess, to have, to be endowed with, to be armed with
偶然 【ぐうぜん】(by) chance, unexpectedly, suddenly, accident, fortuity
掘る 【ほる】to dig, to excavate
訓練 【くんれん】practice, practise, training
傾向 【けいこう】tendency, trend, inclination
景気 【けいき】condition, state, business (condition)
経つ 【たつ】to pass, to lapse
経営 【けいえい】management, administration
警告 【けいこく】warning, advice
芸術 【げいじゅつ】(fine) art, the arts
劇 【げき】① drama, play ② powerful drug
劇場 【げきじょう】theatre, theater, playhouse
券 【けん】ticket, coupon, bond, certificate
建設 【けんせつ】construction, establishment
建築 【けんちく】construction, architecture
権利 【けんり】right, privilege
肩 【かた】shoulder
見解 【けんかい】opinion, point of view
減らす 【へらす】to abate, to decrease, to diminish, to shorten
減る 【へる】to decrease (in size or number), to diminish, to abate
現れる 【あらわれる】① to appear, to come in sight, to become visible, to come out, to embody, to materialize, to materialise ② to be expressed (e.g. emotions), to become apparent (e.g. trends, effects)
現金 【げんきん】cash, ready money, mercenary, self-interested
現実 【げんじつ】reality
現象 【げんしょう】phenomenon
現場 【げんば】actual spot, scene, scene of the crime
現代 【げんだい】nowadays, modern era, modern times, present-day
限り 【かぎり】① limit, limits, bounds ② degree, extent, scope ③ as far as possible, as much as possible, to the best of one's ability ④ unless (after neg. verb) ⑤ the end, the last
限る 【かぎる】to restrict, to limit, to confine
限界 【げんかい】limit, bound
個人 【こじん】individual, private person, personal, private
呼び出す 【よびだす】① to summon, to call (e.g. phone), to convene, to decoy, to lure ② to invoke (e.g. subroutine), to call
互い 【たがい】mutual, reciprocal
誤解 【ごかい】misunderstanding
交換 【こうかん】exchange, interchange, switching, reciprocity, barter, substitution, replacement, clearing (of checks, cheques)
公務員 【こうむいん】government worker, public (civil) servant
好み 【このみ】liking, taste, choice
好む 【このむ】to like, to prefer
広告 【こうこく】advertisement
構成 【こうせい】organization, organisation, configuration, composition
腰 【こし】① back, lower back, waist, hips, lumbar region ② body (of hair, noodle, paper, etc.), resilience, spring
差別 【さべつ】discrimination, distinction, differentiation
最も 【もっとも】most, extremely
最終 【さいしゅう】last, final, closing
材料 【ざいりょう】ingredients, material
財産 【ざいさん】property, fortune, assets
札 【さつ】note, paper money
散歩 【さんぽ】walk, stroll
伺う 【うかがう】① to visit, to ask, to inquire, to hear, to be told ② to implore (a god for an oracle), to seek direction (from your superior) ③ to visit ④ to speak to (a large crowd at a theatre, etc.)
刺す 【さす】to pierce, to stab, to prick, to thrust, to bite, to sting, to pin down, to stitch, to put (a runner) out, to pole (a boat), to catch (with a line), to stick
支店 【してん】branch store (office)
自殺 【じさつ】suicide
辞める 【やめる】to resign, to retire, to quit, to leave (one's job, etc.)
失業 【しつぎょう】unemployment
主婦 【しゅふ】housewife, mistress (of the house), homemaker
住民 【じゅうみん】citizens, inhabitants, residents, population
出席 【しゅっせき】① attendance, presence, appearance ② to attend, to be present, to appear
順 【じゅん】order, turn
順調 【じゅんちょう】favourable, favorable, doing well, OK, all right
処理 【しょり】processing, dealing with, treatment, disposition, disposal
諸 【しょ】various, many, several
床 【ゆか】① floor ② stage (for the narrator and the shamisen player) ③ dining platform built across a river
招く 【まねく】to invite
笑い 【わらい】① laugh, laughter ② smile ③ sneer
笑顔 【えがお】smiling face, smile
象 【ぞう】elephant
職業 【しょくぎょう】occupation, business
触れる 【ふれる】① to touch, to feel ② to experience, to come in contact with, to be emotionally moved (by), to perceive ③ to touch on a subject, to allude to ④ to be in conflict (with), to violate (law, copyright, etc.) ⑤ to proclaim
信用 【しんよう】confidence, dependence, credit, faith, reliance, belief, credence
寝室 【しんしつ】bedroom
心臓 【しんぞう】heart
人種 【じんしゅ】race (of people)
積む 【つむ】to pile up, to stack, to load (car, ship, etc.), to pack
絶対 【ぜったい】① absolutely, unconditionally ② absolute, unconditional, unmistakable ③ absoluteness
河 【かわ】① river, stream ② the .... river, (suffix used with the names of rivers)
相変わらず 【あいかわらず】as ever, as usual, the same
増す 【ます】to increase, to grow
贈る 【おくる】to send, to give to, to award to, to confer on
存じる 【ぞんじる】to think, feel, consider, know, etc.
損 【そん】loss, disadvantage
損害 【そんがい】damage, injury, loss
対象 【たいしょう】target, object (of worship, study, etc.), subject (of taxation, etc.)
大陸 【たいりく】continent
達する 【たっする】to reach, to get to
単純 【たんじゅん】simplicity
知識 【ちしき】knowledge, information
地位 【ちい】(social) position, status
貯金 【ちょきん】(bank) savings
通り過ぎる 【とおりすぎる】to pass, to pass through
突然 【とつぜん】abrupt, sudden, unexpected, all at once
抜く 【ぬく】① to extract, to omit, to surpass, to overtake, to draw out, to unplug ② to do something to the end
疲れ 【つかれ】tiredness, fatigue
被る 【かぶる】① to wear (on head, usu. one's own), to put on (over head, usu. one's own), to crown (oneself) ② to pour or dash water, dust, etc. (on oneself) ③ to bear (e.g. someone's debts, faults, etc.) ④ to overlap
布 【ぬの】① cloth ② bujian (spade-shaped bronze coin of ancient China)
戻す 【もどす】to restore, to put back, to return, to give back
悪戯 【いたずら】tease, prank, trick, practical joke, mischief
悪魔 【あくま】devil, demon, fiend, Satan, evil spirit
握る 【にぎる】to grasp, to seize, to mould sushi, to mold sushi
扱う 【あつかう】to handle, to deal with, to treat
案 【あん】① idea, plan, thought ② draft plan, motion, rough copy ③ expectation
意志 【いし】will, volition, intention, intent, determination
異なる 【ことなる】to differ, to vary, to disagree
異常 【いじょう】strangeness, abnormality, disorder
維持 【いじ】maintenance, preservation, improvement
一瞬 【いっしゅん】moment, instant
一斉 【いっせい】simultaneous, all at once
一致 【いっち】① coincidence, agreement, union, match ② conformity, consistency ③ cooperation
隠す 【かくす】to hide, to conceal
宇宙 【うちゅう】universe, cosmos, space
運命 【うんめい】fate
影響 【えいきょう】influence, effect
栄養 【えいよう】nutrition, nourishment
援助 【えんじょ】assistance, aid, support
猿 【さる】① monkey (esp. the Japanese macaque, Macaca fuscata) ② sly person ③ sliding wooden bolt (for holding a door or window shut) ④ clasp used to control the height of a pot-hook
遠慮 【えんりょ】diffidence, restraint, reserve, discretion, tact, thoughtfulness
汚染 【おせん】pollution, contamination
応じる 【おうじる】to respond, to satisfy, to accept, to comply with, to apply for
応募 【おうぼ】subscription, application
殴る 【なぐる】to strike, to hit
沖 【おき】open sea
価格 【かかく】price, value, cost
価値 【かち】value, worth, merit
火災 【かさい】conflagration, fire
稼ぐ 【かせぐ】to earn income, to labor, to labour
我慢 【がまん】patience, endurance, perseverance, tolerance, self-control, self-denial
解釈 【かいしゃく】explanation, interpretation
怪我 【けが】injury (to animate object), hurt
懐かしい 【なつかしい】dear, desired, missed
改善 【かいぜん】① betterment, improvement ② kaizen (Japanese business philosophy of continuous improvement)
拡大 【かくだい】magnification, enlargement, expansion
株 【かぶ】share, stock, stump (of tree)
刈る 【かる】to cut (hair), to mow (grass), to harvest, to clip, to shear, to reap, to trim, to prune
堪らない 【たまらない】① intolerable, unbearable, unendurable ② cannot help (doing), cannot but do, anxious to do ③ tremendous, out of this world, irresistible
感謝 【かんしゃ】thanks, gratitude
歓迎 【かんげい】welcome, reception
環境 【かんきょう】environment, circumstance
監督 【かんとく】① supervision, control, superintendence, direction ② director, superintendent, supervisor, coach, foreman, manager, overseer, controller, boss
企業 【きぎょう】enterprise, undertaking, corporation, business
基礎 【きそ】foundation, basis
基本 【きほん】foundation, basis, standard
旗 【はた】① flag ② pataka (banner)
既に 【すでに】already, too late
機嫌 【きげん】humour, humor, temper, mood
記憶 【きおく】① memory, recollection, remembrance ② storage
貴重 【きちょう】precious, valuable
輝く 【かがやく】to shine, to glitter, to sparkle
鬼 【おに】① ogre, demon ② spirit of a deceased person ③ ogre-like person (i.e. fierce, relentless, merciless, etc.) ④ it (i.e. in a game of tag) ⑤ Chinese "ghost" constellation (one of the 28 mansions)
儀式 【ぎしき】ceremony, rite, ritual, service
義務 【ぎむ】duty, obligation, responsibility
却って 【かえって】on the contrary, rather, all the more, instead
休憩 【きゅうけい】rest, break, recess, intermission
救う 【すくう】to rescue from, to help out of, to save
教授 【きょうじゅ】① professor ② teaching, instruction
狂う 【くるう】① to go mad ② to get out of order, to go amiss
響く 【ひびく】① to resound, to be heard far away ② to reverberate, to shake, to vibrate ③ to come (home), to remain (with someone) ④ to have an affect, to make an impression
筋 【すじ】① muscle ② string, sinew, line, stripe ③ plot, plan ④ source (of business information) ⑤ reason, logic
筋肉 【きんにく】muscle, sinew
緊張 【きんちょう】tension, mental strain, nervousness
金属 【きんぞく】metal
金融 【きんゆう】financing, credit transacting, loaning of money, circulation of money
繰り返す 【くりかえす】to repeat, to do something over again
軍隊 【ぐんたい】army, troops
刑事 【けいじ】① (police) detective ② criminal matter
契約 【けいやく】contract, compact, agreement
撃つ 【うつ】① to shoot (at) ② to attack, to defeat, to destroy, to avenge
穴 【あな】① hole ② deficit, shortage, missing person (in a team, meeting, etc.) ③ vacancy, opening ④ flaw ⑤ profitable place (or item, etc.) not well known by others ⑥ upset victory (with a large payoff)
結ぶ 【むすぶ】① to tie, to bind, to link ② to bear (fruit)
結局 【けっきょく】after all, eventually, in the end
結論 【けつろん】conclusion
件 【けん】matter, case, item
健康 【けんこう】health, sound, wholesome
兼ねる 【かねる】① to be unable to (usu. kana), to find difficult (unpleasant, awkward, painful) to do (usu. kana) ② to simultaneously serve two or more functions or roles, to contain (or combine) two or more features ③ to simultaneously work in two or more jobs (positions, etc.), to do alongside ④ to hesitate to do something (out of consideration for others) ⑤ to think of the future (as well as the present)
嫌う 【きらう】to hate, to dislike, to loathe
懸命 【けんめい】eagerness, earnestness, risking one's life
検査 【けんさ】inspection (e.g. customs, factory), examination, scan (e.g. MRI, PET, etc.)
検討 【けんとう】consideration, examination, investigation, study, scrutiny, discussion
原稿 【げんこう】manuscript, copy
虎 【とら】① tiger (feline, Panthera tigris) ② trouble
慌てる 【あわてる】① to become confused (disconcerted, disorganized, disorganised), to be flustered, to panic ② to be in a hurry, to rush
豪華 【ごうか】wonderful, gorgeous, splendor, splendour, pomp, extravagance
克服 【こくふく】subjugation, conquest, victory
詩人 【しじん】poet
次第 【しだい】① dependent upon ② as soon as, immediately (upon) ③ circumstances ④ order, precedence, program, programme, agenda
種 【しゅ】① kind, variety ② (biological) species ③ (logical) species
需要 【じゅよう】demand, request
宗教 【しゅうきょう】religion
修理 【しゅうり】repairing, mending, servicing
従う 【したがう】to abide (by the rules), to obey, to follow, to accompany
出張 【しゅっちょう】official tour, business trip
瞬間 【しゅんかん】moment, second, instant
症状 【しょうじょう】symptoms, condition
証明 【しょうめい】proof, verification
詳しい 【くわしい】knowing very well, detailed, full, accurate
挙げる 【あげる】① to raise, to elevate ② to show someone (into a room) ③ to send someone (away) ④ to increase (price, quality, status, etc.) ⑤ to praise ⑥ to give (an example, etc.), to cite ⑦ to summon up (all of one's energy, etc.) ⑧ to arrest ⑨ to nominate ⑩ to conduct (a ceremony, esp. a wedding)
上司 【じょうし】superior authorities, boss
侵入 【しんにゅう】penetration, invasion, raid, aggression, trespass
慎重 【しんちょう】discretion, prudence, caution, care
振る 【ふる】① to wave, to shake, to swing ② to sprinkle, to throw (dice) ③ to cast (actor), to allocate (work) ④ to turn down (somebody), to reject, to jilt, to dump ⑤ to abandon, to give up, to ruin ⑥ to add kana indicating a reading of a word ⑦ to slightly change headings, to change directions ⑧ to extract by broiling, to prepare an infusion of, to decoct ⑨ to carry with great vigor (e.g. a portable shrine) ⑩ to bring up the main topic ⑪ to replace, to substitute ⑫ to set up a joke for somebody else
真剣 【しんけん】① seriousness, earnestness ② real sword (as opposed to unsharpened or wooden practice weapon) (practise)
推薦 【すいせん】recommendation
酔う 【よう】to get drunk, to become intoxicated
世紀 【せいき】century, era
誓う 【ちかう】to swear, to vow, to take an oath, to pledge
説得 【せっとく】persuasion
選択 【せんたく】selection, choice, option
知恵 【ちえ】① wisdom, wit, sagacity, sense, intelligence ② prajna (insight leading to enlightenment)
評判 【ひょうばん】① fame, reputation, popularity ② rumour (rumor), talk
敷く 【しく】① to spread out, to lay out ② to take a position ③ to impose widely (e.g. over a city)
率 【りつ】rate, ratio, proportion, percentage
勧める 【すすめる】to recommend, to advise, to encourage, to offer (wine)
級 【きゅう】class, grade, rank, school class, grade
しきりに① frequently, repeatedly, often, incessantly, constantly ② strongly, eagerly
それともor, or else
やがてbefore long, soon, at length
溢れる 【あふれる】to overflow, to brim over, to flood
噂 【うわさ】rumour, rumor, report, hearsay, gossip, common talk
餌 【えさ】feed, bait
いつかsometime, someday, one day, some time or other, the other day, in due course, in time
蓋 【ふた】cover, lid, cap
まるでquite, entirely, completely, at all, as if, as though, so to speak, just like
よろしく① well, properly, suitably ② best regards, please remember me, please treat me favorably (favourably), please take care of
ごく① quite, very ② quindecillion (US), octillion (Europe), 10^48
僅か 【わずか】only, merely, (a) little, small quantity
つながるto be tied together, to be connected to, to be related to
つなぐto tie, to fasten, to connect, to transfer (phone call)
ご覧 【ごらん】① (after the -te form of a verb) (please) try to ② (please) look ③ seeing, looking, watching
私 【あたし】I, me
蹴る 【ける】① to kick ② to refuse, to reject
いわゆるwhat is called, as it is called, the so-called, so to speak
拭く 【ふく】to wipe, to dry
尻尾 【しっぽ】tail (animal)
まさに① exactly, surely, certainly ② just (about to), on the verge (of doing or happening) ③ duly, naturally
揃える 【そろえる】to put things in order, to arrange, to make uniform, to get something ready
叩く 【たたく】① to strike, to clap, to dust, to beat ② to play drums ③ to abuse, to flame (e.g. on the Internet), to insult ④ to use up money
あらoh, ah
おやoh!, oh?, my!
せめてat least, at most
下り 【くだり】① down-train (going away from Tokyo) ② down-slope, downward going
下車 【げしゃ】alighting (from train, bus, etc.), getting off
何しろ 【なにしろ】at any rate, anyhow, anyway, in any case
見学 【けんがく】inspection, study by observation, field trip
高める 【たかめる】to raise, to lift, to boost, to enhance
小学生 【しょうがくせい】elementary school student, primary school student, grade school student
大気 【たいき】atmosphere
長女 【ちょうじょ】eldest daughter
しばしばblinking repeatedly
以後 【いご】① after this, from now on, hereafter ② thereafter, since (verb) (after -te form of verb), after (time), since (then)
映る 【うつる】to be reflected, to harmonize with (harmonise), to come out (photo), to be projected
海洋 【かいよう】ocean
開会 【かいかい】opening of a meeting
学会 【がっかい】scientific society, academic meeting, academic conference
気味 【きみ】sensation, feeling
強引 【ごういん】overbearing, coercive, pushy, forcible, high-handed
近代 【きんだい】present day, modern times
近づける 【ちかづける】to bring near, to put close, to let come near, to associate with
空中 【くうちゅう】sky, air